Newsweek

A Homeless World

With a huge chunk of mankind on the move, 193 countries have finally struck an agreement on migrants and refugees.
Mahmoud Abd El Latif, an Egyptian migrant, sleeps in a hospital after being rescued from a boat illegally carrying 600 migrants that sank in the Mediterraneen near Rasheed, Egypt on September 22. After the rescue, police handcuffed migrants in the hospital.
19_07_MigrantsRefugees_01 Source: Eman Helal/AP

From the Middle East to the heart of Europe, countries are struggling to deal with a massive surge of desperate people crossing their borders, some fleeing for their lives, others escaping poverty and in search of jobs.

The number of people forced to flee their homes is staggering. According to the United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR), there are 65.3 million people forcibly displaced, including 21.3 million registered refugees who have fled their home countries to escape conflict or persecution. “In addition to the refugees, there are 244 million international migrants—probably an underestimate—and if you add to them the 750 million domestic migrants, you have 1 billion people; that is 1 billion in our 7 billion world,” says William Lacy Swing, director general of the International Organization of Migration (IOM). “One out of every seven people on the planet is in a migratory status.”

The U.N. and the United States convened two international summits in

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