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Applica'on

of a Two-Source Energy Balance Model to the Delano Vineyards


David Buckley NASA Student Airborne Research Program August 7, 2012

Objec'ves
Provide agriculturalists with high temporal and spa'al resolu'on evapotranspira'on (ET) es'ma'ons Validate the use of a Two-Source Energy Balance Model to es'mate ET over Delano Vineyards

Evapotranspira'on
Rnet = Net Radia+on LE = Latent Heat Flux (W/m2) (W/m2) H = Sensible Heat G = Soil Heat Flux Flux (W/m2) (W/m2)

Surface Energy Balance


Rnet = H + LE + G Rnet,c = Hc + LEc Rnet,s = Hs + LEs + G

Atmosphere-Land Exchange Inverse Model


ET model based on an atmospheric boundary layer model Regional scale (e.g. United States) High Temporal Resolu'on (Geosta'onary Satellites) Low Spa'al Resolu'on (5 10 km pixel size)

ALEXI

ALEXI Inputs and Sources

Anderson et al. 2007

DisALEXI
Complements ALEXI by disaggrega'ng es'mates to micrometeorological scales Uses a Two-Source Energy Balance Model (TSEB) High Spa'al Resolu'on (30m+ pixel size)

DisALEXI/ALEXI
Rnet = Net Radia+on (W/ LE = Latent Heat m2) Flux (W/m2) H = Sensible G = Soil Heat Heat Flux (W/ Flux (W/m2) m2)

Anderson et al. 2007

Two-Source Energy Balance Model

TSEB

Rnet = H + LE + G
Solar Radia'on, Wind Speed, Air Temperature Rnet


MASTER
Tr

On Site

Priestley-Taylor Approxima'on Tc Ts Hs LEs

Ra, Rs
Rnet Net Radia'on (w/m2) G Soil Heat Flux (w/m2) Tr Radiometric Temperature (K) Tc Canopy Temperature (K) G Ts Surface Temperature (K) Hc Sensible Heat at Canopy (w/m2) Hs Sensible Heat at Surface (w/m2) Ra Aerodynamic Resistance to Heat Exchange Rs Surface Resistance to Heat Exchange

Hc LEc

LE

Checks

Checks
P-T Approxima'on:
If LEs is nega've
Soil is dry Set LEs to 0 Back Calculate Hs, Ts, and Tc to obtain Lec

Energy Balance

If Hc > Rnet, conserva'on of energy is violated

Set LEc to 0 (LE-total is 0) Back Calculate the rest of the energy budget

Priestley-Taylor Results
LE (Latent Heat Flux) Means: PriestleyTaylor: 181.21 W/m2 On-Site Flux Tower: 242.42 W/m2

Latent Heat at the Canopy (c) and Surface (s)


LEc: 268.60 W/m2 LEs: -86.47 W/m2

LEc and LEs Means (P-T)

On-Site Flux Tower: 242.21 W/m2

Latent Heat at the Canopy (c) and Surface (s)


LEc: 307.48 W/m2 LEs: 1.848 W/m2

LEc and LEs Means (TSEB)

On-Site Flux Tower: 242.21 W/m2

Two-Source Energy Balance


LE: 309.13 W/m2 On-Site Flux Tower: 242.21 W/m2

TSEB Results

Conclusions
My complete TSEB model es'mates LE fairly accurately, but needs work on boundary condi'ons (e.g. roads) The Priestley-Taylor method es'mates LE fairly accurately, and clearly has issues with dry soil.

Extensions
Quan'fy model sensi'vity to varying input parameters, like clumping coecient or leaf angle distribu'on

Acknowledgements
Dr. Martha Anderson (USDA) Shane Grigsby Dr. Susan Us'n Rick Palseio Land Group SARP NASA

North vs. South (P-T)


LE (Latent Heat Flux) Means: North: 184.26 W/m2 South: 121.47 W/m2

North vs. South (TSEB)


No sta's'cal dierence North: 308.72 W/m2 South: 322.12 W/m2

References
Anderson, M.C., Norman, J.M., Diak, G.R., Kustas, W.P., and Mecikalski, J.R., 1997. "A two-source 'me-integrated model for es'ma'ng surface uxes using thermal infrared remote sensing", Remote Sensing Environ., 60, 195- 216. Norman, J. M., W. P. Kustas, and K. S. Humes (1995), A two-source approach for es'ma'ng soil and vegeta'on energy uxes from observa'ons of direc'onal radiometric surface temperature, Agric. For. Meteorol., 77, 263 293.

Two-Source Energy Balance Model

Notes
Clumping Factor (Anderson et al. 2005)