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2 Motherboard

2 Motherboard

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منشور بواسطةRatnadeep Ahirrao

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Published by: Ratnadeep Ahirrao on Oct 17, 2012
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163 )
In the name of God the Merciful
Beginning to explain the components parts Almazrburd
First: electricity and power
What is Alahrabawaltaar !!
Is the source of energy and are di"ided into two types # :
$ # %lectricity dynamic: a resulting from generators or &' battery which is output from the battery and
A' &' symbolizes a home A' power
( # %lectricity Astadtih: It is caused by ob)ects deli"erers of electricity and other non#conducti"e and
composed in the form of shipments accumulate on the surface of this body this lightweight profile
*econd: the principles of electronics
Intensity of the current: A symbolizes the unit of measurement amps
+oltage: + 'ode and the unit of measurement "oltage
'apacity: ,ip w watt unit of measurement
Fre-uency: ,ip .z measurement unit .ertz
/ccupation
0hat stores electrical energy and then discharged at certain times depend on the circuit conditions and
purpose of the anti#aliasing power
0he unit of measurement
Almro Farad FA1A&
'ode '
Figure $ intensi"e forms of Figure ( direction polar Bmana direction installation Maser Board infront of
White 2ine negati"e direction is the direction Marsom Burda also White Balloon re-uire intense when
you change the following
Be Almro Fard and "oltage as written on the bac of intensi"e unchanged Atar said such
$(334F5 +65 7
$(33 means Almro
6 and 8 mean "oltage
1e-uired is the same amplitude change how written and foreclosed change in "oltage amplitude e"en if
not ,ee 0+ detection
When damaged appears on its surface to be puffy or lea of li-uid under intense Article
Intense sometimes come to us with some faults and disco"er holidays because it properly and in a state of
(
163 )
constant damage in Mos"et next to it in that case to be of intense change e"en if a "irtual sound fully
before you extensi"e damage not in the sense of Anao puffy only must change when doubt it
&iode or consolidated
/ccupation unifying power and are not allowed5 after they returned
Measurement Aldioat measurement method measured Balbozor means the bell is measured in one
direction the means 9hah measure and second Aties only one direction
&iagnosis
If measured Maa twice from both directions be corrupted
/ccupation
Generating magnetic field
'ode 2
.enry and measurement As bell if gi"en a bell sound that bell does not gi"e shall be corrupted and
taen into account when the change that alters the same number of wire windings
9ote insulated wire
:;<=>
?osition power installation
,ip z&
Measurement &ayut
Measuring the same measure Aldioat
1esistors
0his resistance found in electrical appliances of all inds and a few When found in Almadhir has Bord
where Balshal the following
1esistors chebbaia Alenetur see
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163 )
Function bloc current flow and minimize the effort
1 'ode
Measurement /hm
Measurement method resistors Al"ioseh symbol 3 zero measurement on the bell sound if gi"en measure
if there is no measure be corrupted as possible ride enabled alternati"e thin wire does the wor of a fuse
1esistance Alenetur
1esistors Alenetur ilometers shown to you in the picture is small in size written on the surface of the
resistance capacity
%xample
@73
0he first figure a constant @
*econd number a constant 7
And third the number of zeros means
@73 means @73
@7( means @733
@78 means @7333 etc A
0he size of the resistance
$333 ohms B $ bit
$333 bit B $ MB
Mos"et 0urnzistur
From here be the beginning
*ee this Alsouralatyh
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163 )
Function transistor
$ # enlarge reference ( # signal generation 8 # lining circuits @ # Install "oltage
C 'ode
Method of measuring Mos"et 0urnzistur
First put Ala"o &igtal to put the bell and the following
Blac Aloyr mode negati"e DEFG=> ilometers in the image and Aies Baloyr 1ed positi"e on the
compound once irradiated
/nce measured Maa on the compound and is measured on a radiator then In"ert 1ed#Caida and Asmar
I-ias compound and radioacti"e supposed to Aigas you and flip the red on the compound and blac on
the radiator and the 1ed irradiated and red on the compound important total measurement six 6 times
measured which once
In the next lines will recall the foregoing summary
Acti"e ingredients
*o named because they are components ha"e the ability to zoom effort or AltiarHhy 7 @ of them as
components *emiconductor
*emiconductor so named because they are components ha"e the ability to deli"ery and non#deli"ery at
the same time as the deli"ery and the use of semiconductor circuit made from two *ilicon si Iermnyum
Ge four components are diode :;<=> diode transistor Mos"et transistor
&iodes
'ode on Burda & symbol technical
.as named items bilateral and common
&uo named because it has two sides first ele"ator J anoade A
And the other party laeside cathode K
(
163 )
0he ?almouhd named because it allows BM1 trend in the direction of one of the Aland to Alexd without
accustomed trend again
Both sides of the p and 9 positi"e and negati"e Asthamh used as a ey or switch to control the direction
of flow of current is used to con"ert A' "ariable to a steady stream
0ypes of diode
*ilicon si& Iermnyum G%& treated the same treatment in the composition of the constituency and
measurement and forms the famous
0his form fallow in *upply rare if I recei"ed the ale Board
0his form is located on ale Board
0here ale Bord many forms I do not ha"e any pictures of her 2anta now the code to the Burda
&
1adiant 2%&
0his diode is used to send light people say it bulb not this diode radiant no bulb and no one in
the ale Bord all crumbs in measuring one and measurement method to de"elop Albozor Alon
1ouge positi"e and blac on the robbery gi"en read#only with a re"erse sides nothing that ga"e
yolin any part be corrupted A
(
163 )
When the diode is damaged it possible to put greater "alue for diode I can not put a lower
diode and how do you now its "alue Baldata 'het and Multi Aldata 'het fully LMNFOP and the
whole theme will be willing to explain pictures of how she had to deal with Aldata 'het and
Asitwant alternati"es
:;<=> diode
,ip Ai Burda ,& and possible in fallow *upply 'hinese writes & and 0ri"t measurement same
0ri"t measurement diode and features form glass has no ale Board because he wors with "olts
high5 there in the fallow *upply and when damage is replaced Bai ,nr %"ery :;<=> woring
place some means any ,nr benefit Any ,nr place differs from the diode in the technical code A
Q .ow differentiate between :;<=> and diode diode single line :;<=> diode sharp lines and artistic
symbol differs
0here diode Aydaaa
9amed &ublin Keeter is a ( diode in oneRs body and its shape lie 0ransistor
And 0ri"t measured measured if an ( diode means Cais diode diode and there in certain types
of Maser Board will instruct A
0ransistor
Is the first shift in world Alaeturniat is of more components STUVP> .ieuaaaa
*ymbol on ale Board C
'onsisting of three parties has the ability to withstand the efforts of and 0irat top of diode
/ccupation wors as a ey or switch to control the direction of current flow
Wors Kmepr W"oice Q FI2% Q effort Q *tream Q signal Q fre-uency Q lighting
'onsisting of three parties are
(
163 )
Biz B :VXY> % Koetr '
1easons not to use transistor ale Board and used in many electronic fallow *playusbandzh
'laty
&ifferent parties in terms of the country of manufacture
%ffort to reach saturation
&ifference in the direction of 1A Murrow mainstream
First different parties in terms of the country of manufacture
%ffort to reach saturation
In other words if we ha"e a transistor wors with (3 "olts does not wor re-uired of him only
upon the arri"al of the full (3 "olts means if 2in Broen $Z "olts and is woring with "alues
much higher than the "oltage we need ale Board A
&ifference in the direction of current flow
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163 )
0ri"t measured
Measured on a Albozor
Measured 6 measurements between all parties gi"en Cra[tan between Beas and :VXY> and Beas
and Koetr
'ases of damage to the transistor and results
Gi"en read or yol between all parties this case called it 'hort loc gi"en 1%A&I9G* sound I
was gi"en to read or ( further de situation called leaing or not read or gi"en anything between
all the parties in this case called the defect A
Mos"et transistor
\ hasasaaaa Maing to Maal)t defects that ha"e emerged on the transistor and carrying efforts
and higher than transistor currents
*ame ,ip 'ode C
Iob same
'onsisting of three parties such as the transistor not there is a significant difference in the
internal configuration is considered Mos"et is the latest trend in the world of technology and
many forms
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163 )
It consists of three parties *ourceForge sorurs Gate gate and drain drain so that the source Iet
source gate drain the ban or the director or rule him there are two types :
'hannel positi"e negati"e ? 'hannel 9
/r other words that Achanl 9 channel B Achanl ? channl
Burda and woring on the type that include
0he way it wors: enter power source and then when he entered the gate Gate closed gate5
whereupon con-uest and pass the re-uired amount of power to the director &arien
Measurable way on *tatus Albozor :

First we mae the loc between all the parties to close the channel fully
*econdly measured @ gi"es the reading *ize oasis between the drain and source
Beware if Ksth 0ani Mbachertaaa gi"en yol you Bamlat measurement first opened the
'hannel if .abeat measure 0ani 'hannel understood fully closed
(
163 )
i.c Regulator
A ic integrated circuit are installing "oltage lie :;<=> but better than ,einr
7] ^ ####
7]3_ ^ ####### _ "
7]36 ^ ###### 6
7]3Z ^ ###### Z
7Z ###### negati"e
7Z3_ ####### _
7Z36 ###### 6
7Z3Z ##### Z
It must be larger inside from the outside about ( "olts and there are some ic reguirtor four
legged contol 0gmitri-h measurement symbolizes AA icA ul measured on Maser Board which
connected Bulbor and wors and measures the current exterior and interior m written in
pre"ious Alabart how entry and exit A
I was a lot to call it that 0urnzistur I do not Anao AI*I 1igertor J But how to distinguish !
Be written on the surface of the following numbers
7]3_ #################### 7] positi"e
And fi"e de abroad means 7]3_ positi"e _ "olts and be present in a circle Alpaor Btaa
Alsedrom car Anao taes $( "olts and out of _
0he 7Z3_ ############################ *ame `a minus _
IA' Allaishat
Definition
IC is a complete circle Aktronah and consists of a group of the Alturnzisturat and no
signs of it la!h "ut define holida#s after re!ie$ing the circuit $ell .
%oundings does not ha!e his measure is Aldta Chet or Alasil#scop .
&ccupation' $orking Allaishat such action micro (ricissour )ahei" *ss# and flash (I&%
also Assaue+tal! form and function of Allaishat "# the constituenc# to $hich it .
,ook at this in the image- *%A
0his difference between the %*A and the )ealousy of Allaishat because it has Memory for
writing and can store data A
/hz forms Allaishat that writes
(
163 )
his form Allaishat that do not $rite them and not .emor#
/0123456
#pes of IC
hat component- $hich in (ahra di!e e!er#one of them come out $ith gold and some of
them come out $ithout an#thing
7irst IC gi!e rise to a range of electronic components in one "od# defamator# designed to
something specific tasks and it is possi"le to "e the 8*C of all the ingredients e9cept for
reasons of "igness and other
:hich are t$o and $e kno$ it in terms of form
7irst %*R)IC .&;8
his one forms
0he second ? G A
0hese two different forms
(
163 )
:e detail each t#pe separatel# and statement t#pes in purdah and the statement of its
functions and repair s#stems and treatment and e!er#thing- <od $illing
7irst %*R)IC .&;8
It is also di!ided into t$o t#pes (linear and digital (
7irst ,I8*R paced
=as to "e the arri!al of the effort to him to $ork like an# component not there a
difference "et$een the t$o t#pes must 8cz#krh "efore em"arking on e9planation- <od
$illing- and e9tended that pace does him >?@ABCD "ecause in doing his $ork does not
need to signal sense does not need to >?@ABCD ;nlike the 8*C Aldegtal to "e there $ith
feeding >?@ABCD to he needs to signal to do his +o" and this difference 8st!ad that **C
him >?@ABCD remains of the kind Aldegtal though not $ith him >?@ABCD remains of
a numerical kind and this difference Alchristale :e all Arefanha and A#daa $ill "e
e9plained- <od Almight#
<o "ack to talk a"out the 8*CEpaced and kind of species found on the purdah or .(
7irst IC )&,*< C&8R&,
And a""re!iated his )C
And is a 8*C digital t#pe does him >?@ABCD he here DaFmaaa ne9t Al"roosusr C;
As for his $ork- his action is to regulate the !oltage outgoing hard to Al"roosusr In other
$ords- is responsi"le for feeding Al"roosusr a controlled !oltage on ale (oard and $ill
detail in this- <od $illing- $hen e9plaining circles
In its a"sence is replacement $ith a group of components
%econdl# IC %;G*R I.&
%aid 8*C An# or
:hich is responsi"le for all the entrances and e9its on the ale (oard e9cept audio and
net$ork "ecause the# each and e!er# one of them has a special IC
And A#daa $ill detail in e9plaining <od $illing circles
=e made I*- :I8(&8D or ale (ord old G3 t#pe %.%C
hirdl# IC A;DI&
8*C sound
:hich is responsi"le for the sound is produced "# )IA- R, or C*RAI)* H
It is small size DaFmaa "e do$n Alsuchitat It is possi"le to come Digital and could "e
making the manufacturer of the Ach" si9
(
163 )
hen $e come to the kinds of digitalis
7irst Alfrckonssa 7&R<;A8%C
8*C freIuenc#
Is responsi"le for the transmission and reception of all commands to and from all circles
Almtkalmlh ale (oard
Is produced "# IC%- R, or produced "# the manufacturer of the gro$ing %ete and here
are some details
AI%I Alfrckonssa a circle freIuenc# $hich is ascri"ed to raise the "lood to the human
"rain An# must find Jiae $hat the "od# does Dg "lood to the "rain and distri"uted to
the rest of the "od#- a pulse freIuenc# oscillator
Gercentage of those *%A heart "ecause of +ealous# there is not a rest circles is ;lead
freIuencies necessar# for the departments Almadhir (oard and primiti!e tasks that
district Andm feel Al"ordh (al"or "ecause the# cushion it "igger and function- a
freIuenc# measured freIuenc# unit of measurement hertz =z and ser!e that constituenc#
in Almadhir"ord group "ridges 8orth and %outh (ridge unit RA. ;nit Al!i+a and
Al"rcissor he pulse signal emerging from RA. to get to 8orth (ridge and then the
pulse signal emerging from the "ridge north to the processor to "e the process of
directing naturall# produces from that district "reakdo$ns man# do not feel Al"ordh
(alramat and also not feeling Al"ordh (al!i+a and also pro"lems Al"rcissor different
Anuaha
7or e9ample- if #ou ha!e #our office (ord <( $ritten on KLMN Al!i+a <( e9ternal folk
(st"dul AI%I Alfrckonssa other of the same kind and ha!e not $ritten on it the name of
the manufacturer <iga =ouse :hat happens not feeling Al"ordh (al!i+a although
e9ceeded safet# codes Altestr
As for a replacement this *%A no alternati!e +ealous and can not "e change in the figure
for AI%I or e!en Alchristalh its o$n and #ou can see that *%A is corrupted or not the
process of measuring heat on the "ack of this *%A .ost of those t#pes of Allaishat rise
"ike heat them "ut $hen it rises a"normall# "e dou"t first in *%A and sometimes suffice
Climate Alchristalh onl# Gfs figure them temporaril# to the testing process and the "est
solution for the measurement of this *%A
;sing Alauslescu" to measure the signal and *%A stud# "egan chit
haniaa IC ,A8
8*C 8et$ork
:hich is responsi"le for net$ork OPQ3 $hich produce R, or .AR*)*, or from the
production of the manufacturer of the Ach" %ete or produced "# <iga =ouse
<I<A(R*
Iiiaaa IC (&I%
his 8*C $e $ill talk a"out in circles e9plained
(
163 )
.easuring onl# 8*C a"aaa can not "e measured "ecause as $e said a total of
components
=aute Air
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(
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’3 VLSu bef ƒlZ3 3gL gtu
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circuits
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“ E i.o .............input output
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input outputcontroller
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ZMcjN6SzQ/u pZMu Z”/€Q3 ZMtv rgf6 /ngQ3 —/_f36 Z6/zQ3 —/_f36 SkaSzQ3 Ve\66 o1ScQ36 «M€Q36 pZMzjWQ3 —/_f3
X5SUv3 r3Z ƒ_`1 bc1d3 ‘Ma3 ƒj€h xjQ ]WQ r3Z [pZMzQ3 ƒ_Y6 I-®1…
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power processor
pMhMu [S¦3gQ3 —/€kL/l /UeL [S¦3gQ3 pMh6 b{t1 [S¦3gQ3 bl ŠQ/t€Q3 pMh66 Vn3” ŠQ/t€Q3 bl oŸ€kn T/a/jzQ3 VmQ/t^ [S¦3p
KLMN bef ŠQ/t€Q3 G<A
Œ3gkz€Q3 bef /UQ/_f3 ¥j‹¤n bl VeUcQ3 [S¦36gQ3 ]^6 pZMuZ”/€Q3 bef £^/UQ3 S¦36gQ3 ]^ ZMcjN6Su Z6/u [S¦3p
/Ul/¤kL3
T/u3Mu6 T3M{Y pgtQ /U€jc`n6 Vja6SkLd3 T/aMW^ ]^ ZMcjN6Su Z6/u [S¦3gu °/‹Q3 ¨1S¤kQ3 ]f SjŸWQ3 XeWn g`Q
¬e€Q3 T3M{`Q3 pgf bl XWqkn T3M{Y pgf bQ3 Sy1ZgQ36 KyNM€Q3 Xc`n6 VjeycQ3 Vu3MzQ36 V1MetQ3 Vu3MzQ3 coill bc136
rgf b56 [S¦3gQ3 „en ]^ Vmn/{Q3 o_fd3 ]f XeWn3 O3 g1Z3 /a3 /€a3 o1MWQ36 KyNM€Q36 Sy1ZgQ36 bc13 —6Sk{L ]j^
„jetl «/Nd3 ]^ KQMl ghM1d 63 ¬jt} KQMyQ3 Vyjt} VaM‹N ]‹c1 r3 ]‹c1d b{t€u ZMcjN6SzQ/u ZMt¤Q3
«/jY6 KyNM€Q3 «/j`u „jetl Sl3Mk1 XQ 3”36 [Sj•n „Q Sl3Mn 3”3 —6Sk{L ]j€Q3 Sj•ku Œ3gzn VQ/qQ3 345 bl ¥qyQ3
„ŸQ3 T3M\3 VyQ ¬w{Q3 oŸ^ |S5/• Z6/u O/L O3 ZMzQ3 —/_f3 bl /^3 T/^6/`€Q3 «/jY6 XmqQ3 Sj•wQ3 T3ZMkc1saSkQ3
—/_f3 ]^ /5Sj~6 „ŸQ3 1… gma rg{f [S¦3gQ3 „en —/_f3 bl „¤Q3 bUk{n6 Sy1ZgQ36 KyNM€Q3 ]^ —6d3 „¤Q/l KQMl
]^ r/€n ¡u/_^ ZMcjN6SzQ3 bef pMhM€Q3 KQMyQ3 1.“ bQ3 KQMl 1.- Šk{16 rg‹kc€Q3 ZMcjN6SzQ3 ‘Ma ic‚ KQMl
ghM16Sjz^d KyNM€Q/u Vj{•Q3 pZMu Z”/€Q3 bef [gj‚MQ3 [S¦3gQ3 /Uad Z6/zQ3 oL/¤^ X›t^ ZMcjN6Su Z6/u [S¦3p ]^
Z”/€Q3 ZMtv rgf V{f Šk{jl buM{mQ3 ScmQ3 b5 ZMcjNZMu —/_f3 ƒj€h /U{f Vmk{n pZMu Z”/€Q3 bl |Sˆ3 S¦3p
[S¦3gQ3 45 ]^ Vmn/{Q3 —/_fd3 ]^ /5Sj~6 VyQ3 ¬w{Q36 ZMcjN6SzQ3 VaM‹N rgf6 ZMcjN6SzQ/u pZMu
clock "uls generator bcaMLSyQ3
XcmQ3 bl /^ Œ/jv p/m13 ]^ gud |3 O/cad3 ±^ bQ3 rgQ3 ƒlZ VjQ3 g{c€Q3 b56 ppSkQ3 [S¦3p M56 bcaMLSyQ3 bc13
[Sj~ ]^ £ad ie`Q/u bc1d3 „en Vz¤a œ4u4€Q3 †z{Q3 ppSkQ3 M56 XcmQ3 bY/u bef Vt1ŽMn6 ±€Q3 bQ3 rgQ3 ²0u rM`1
ZMzQ/u [pZMzQ3 St¤n rg{f [S¦3gQ3 „en r/U^ Œ3gzn6 pZMu Z”/€Q3 S¦36gQ V^ŽPQ3 T3ppSkQ3 gjQM1 MUl S¦36gQ3 bY/zQ pMh6d
snSUQ3 «/jY [g‚Mu ppSkQ3 «/`16 ppSkQ3 b56 Vyj•6 SzL3 /UjQ3 g{c^ /Uad =z pZMuZ”/€Q3 bl [S¦3gQ3 „en rg‹n6
]^ VhZ/‹Q3 [Z/vd3 †z{u rM`n6 ZMcjNSzQ36 /mjyQ3 [g‚6 r3SQ3 [g‚6 buM{mQ36 bQ/€¤Q3 ScmQ3 ZMcmQ3 VfM€m^
Xkn O3 bQ3 ŠQ/t€Q3 bk‚ bQ/€¤Q3 ScmQ3 ]^ VhZ/‹Q3 [Z/vd3 †z{u rM`n X• bQ/€¤Q3 ScmQ3 bQ3 —M\MQ3 bk‚ r3SQ3
[pZMzQ3 ZMtv rgf /0136 T/^3SQ/u [pZMzQ3 ZMtv rgf SjŸL —/_f3 [S¦3gQ3 „en ]^ Šk{n6 btjzª oW¤u •3Sˆd3 Vje€f
³Pkˆ/u ZMcjNSzQ3 oL/¤^ /0136 /mjyQ/u /UfMa3
bcaMLSyQ3 bc13 —3gzkcu rMY K1/u/mjh bhZ/‹Q3 /mjyQ3 KLMN bef œMkW^ K1/u /mjh pZMu „zkW€u „e€n Ka3 MQ oŸ^
[pZMzQ3 ZMtv rgf ˜gq1 ˜gq1 3”/^ Kju /mjh Vt{w€Q3 VLS¤Q3 XN3 Vjef œMkW^ Sj~ OMW16 ‘M{Q3 xya ]^ /5Sj•u
X~SQ3 bef /mjyQ/u V^Pcu SkcjkQ3 p3ML3 b_‹n ]^
„{W€16 Vu V\/‹Q3 VQ/kNSWQ3 bk‚ 63 bc1PQ Vzc{Q/u XYSQ3 bl Sj•kQ3 ŽMm1d6 [Sj~ o1gu Pl bc1d3 345 o1gu ]f /^3
Vh3Zp ƒynSn T/Uc1d3 ]^ ‘3Mad3 „en ie~/l bc1d3 345 SU• bef VaM‹cQ3 «/jY Vje€tu d r3 ¬Q/n bc1d3 „en VlSt^
VQ/kNSWQ3 Sj•ku O/j‚d3 †tu bl bykWa6 bc1d3 bl —6d3 „¤Q3 OMW1 |p/f Sj~ oW¤u ƒynSn /^g{f /€a3 /UQ [Z3SqQ3
o0l36 /5Z/zkˆ3 Vje€tQ KY§^ oW¤u /Ujef |4Q3 XYSQ3 xyu •`l bc1d3 345 «/j`Q o‚ «/j`Q œMWcjeN6d3 r3g‹kN/u
-- Kjv /n3gu bc1d3 VN3Zp6 [Z/vd3
ojwykQ/u pZMu ZŽ/€Q3 S¦36p
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d62 ' )oltage Regulator
VjQ/kQ3 [ZMwQ3 S›a3 [S¦3geQ ¨j}Mn
VjQ/kQ3 S¦36geQ KQMyQ3 ƒ1ŽMn6 Xj›{n [S¦3gQ3 Vyj•6
1 ZMcNSzeQ gUmQ3 ƒ1ŽMn6 Xj›{nE
… T/^3SQ3E
3 6 T/zj¤Q3 oŸ^ p6SuZŽ/€Q/u [pMhM€Q3 Ve^/W€kQ3 S¦36gQ3E I* /5Sj~6
“ šSyQ3 63 Š^g€Q3 Œ3MN /mjyQ3 TZ/L E
pSzQ3 bef [pMhM€Q3 T/aMW€Q3 ]^ /5Sj~6
ZMcNSzeQ ZMzQ3 ou/L ]^ KQMyQ3 Z/c€Q Vjqj}Mn [ZM\
[S¦3gQ3 T/aMW^ [ZMwQ3 ¨}Mn /€L '
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1 )T/ye€Q3E C&I,% ) /j€ef b€cn /^ 63 ( mentioned chokes Z/jkQ3 ¡{ˆ /Uu pMw`€Q36 ¡{‹Q3 T/aMW^ 63 (
–uSUWQ3
O/fMa –56
1 ) šg1gqQ3 ie`Q3 T3” T/ye€Q3E iron (
[ZMwQ/u /€L
… )K1Sjl ieY T3” T/ye^E 7errite chokes (
[ZMwQ/u /€L
oY´3 bef SlMn µj‚ /Uk`u/N ]^ o0l2 –56 …© VY/_Q3 •PUkN3 ]^ ¶
Kju /mjmQ3 ƒYM€Q /`zª
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... .&%7* .....
[S¦3gQ/u [pMhM€Q3 S\/{tQ3 X52 ]^
ZMkcNsa3SkeQ £u/¤€Q36 /UQ p/kt€Q3 oW¤Q3
[ZMwQ3 ¨}Mn /€L
£jef šMkqn –kQ3 pSzeQ V1p/€Q3 £yeWkeQ 3S›a /{5 3SjŸL 3Sa d Sˆ3 ‘Ma •/{56
[ZMwQ/u /€L
(
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–Q3M‚ šp/tQ3 KyNM€Q3 ]f o`n Vq_N [Z3S‚6 oY2 VY/ª „eUkc1 £a2 £n3sj€^ X52 ]^6 16 ¶
Kju/mjmQ3 ƒYM€Q /`zª
..... the !oltage regulator circuit ·phase¸ or ·channel .....
) pgf bef šMkqn [/{Y oL O3 ³6St€Q3 ]^ … .[/{Y oWQ ((šp/f KyNM^ xjQ6 Ve^/Wk^ [S¦3p) Sy13Zp ¬NM^¹KyNM^
) pgf bef šMkqn –kQ3 b5 •`l VwjˆSQ3 ‘3Mad3 ]WQ … ¹KyNM^ 1 KyNM^)Sy13Zp ¬NM€eQ o1gu –l/}3 ¬NM^
.Ve^/Wk^ [S¦3p xjQ6 šp/f
) pgf bef šMkqn pZMus€Q3 O/l „Q” bef 3Œ/{u 3 )[/{Y oWQ KyNM^ C=A88*, .(
) [3M{`Q3 pgf g1gqn ƒj_kca –L „Q4Q6 C=A88*,% )T/ye€Q3 ¡1Sª ]f /5pgqa O3 o0y1 pZMus€eQ ( C&I,% (
T3M{`Q3 pgf /{Q ]jzn T/ye€Q3 pgf VjQ/kQ3 [ZMwQ3 ¨}Mn /€L .KyNM€Q3 pgf xjQ6
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VYgQ3 Vh6 bef /jl/L xjQ T/ye€eQ S›{Q3 ]WQ
Z3Mmu ij¤Q3 63 r3SQ3 –l XWqkn –kQ3 T3M{`Q3 /Uu ghM1 r•3 T/‚MeQ3 †tu O• !oltage regulator circuit .
VjQ/kQ3 [ZMwQ3 ¨}Mn /€L T3M{`Q3 „ekQ Œ–ª/‹Q3 gtQ/u rM`a /{etm1 /€^
–Q/kQ/u6 T/ye^ ƒuZ3 gm{N [ZMwQ/u /{`Yp 3”3
•Sˆ xj`a VYgu gtQ/u rM`a –WQ6.r3SQ3 V14•kQ [/{Y šSˆd36 •`l T3M{Y ˜P• –5 ƒY3MQ/u ]WQ T3M{Y ƒuZ3 /{1gQ OMWjN
/t^ owk^ /UhSˆ /U{^ V•P• gm{N Sˆ3 oW¤u 63 ¬ek‹^ •Sˆ £Q ƒu3SQ36 •S‹Q3 xya /UQ /U{^ V•P• gm{N T/ye€Q3 „en
VjQ/kQ3 [ZMwQ3 ¨}Mn /€L.XUt^ owk^ Sj~ ƒu3SQ36
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[S¦3p o€f VjyjL.... !oltage regulator circuit ....
gUh [S¦3geQ ow1 1… ) ]^ KQMl AJ1…) ) pMh6 rgf VQ/‚ –l ZMzeQ –cj¦SQ3 ou/WQ3 ]^ 63 ( AJ1…) –l /€L (
. V€1g`Q3 pSzQ3
—/Ÿ€Q3 ojzN bef pSzQ3 bef pMhM€Q3 S¦36geQ KQMyQ3 345 o1Mqku rM`n6
1 ZMcNSzQ3E
… ij¤Q3E
3 S¦36gQ3 ]^ /5Sj~6 r3SQ3E
b€c1 o1MqkQ3 345 DCEDC con!erter b€c1 /^ 63 s$itchingEmode µ1gqQ3 šPz\ ZMzQ3 –l /€L
)SQ6Sk{WQ/u b€c1 /^ M5 o1MqkQ3 Vje€f –l XWqk€Q3 ceontrollr /j€ef £jef ¡e_1 /€L 63 ( Gulse :idth
.odulation .
KQMyQ3 •3Sˆ/u rM`n –L o€tQ3 bef /U_¤{n /€^ [g‚ bef [/{Y oL –l XWqkn £tuS^ VhM^ gjQMku SQ6Sk{WQ3 rM`1
b€c1 /^ 63 KQMyQ3 •3Sˆ3 –l [S€kc^ [/{`Q3 o›n VhM€Q3 —Mª ic‚ bef6 [S¦3gQ3 Xj€wn ic‚ bef /U{^ œMe_€Q3
VQ/‚ –l [/{`Q3 Œ/`u higher !alue
³3Sª2 g‚2 bef OMW1 [S¦3gQ3 45 •Sˆ6 cpu /€c€Q3 bef !oltage ID¸ ()ID) pins ]€Q 3gh V^/5 Xj`Q3 456)
) gjeQ3 OMWn O3 µjqu ZMcNSzQ3 [gf/Y «/jY Skcn rg‹kc1 led pML gQMn /5Z6gu –kQ36 /€¦3p [ZM{^ SkckQ/u [pMhM€Q3 (
)–¦/{• "inar# code (
.ZMcNSzeQ own O3 im1 –kQ3 KQMyQ3 V€jY •z0Q/u pgq1
[S¦3p DCEDC con!erter
) SQ6Sk{WQ3 O3 b{t€u ¡e•^ Z/c^ –5 controller [S¦3p •6Sˆ iY3S1 S€kc^ oW¤u ( !oltage regulator
ppSn ¡1Sª ]f „Q” Xk16 /j¦/`en V_z0u [Z3gQ3 rM`n KQMyQ3 ¥`a 63 p3Ž MQ b{t€u
) £tuS€Q3 VhM€Q3 changing the freIuenc# of the G:. signal ./^/€n šPz\ ZMzQ3 oŸ^ (
) SQ6Sk{WQ3 [S¦3p.... G:. controlle ....(
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163 )
[ZMwQ3 ¨}Mn /€L SQ6Sk{WQ3 [S¦3p –l 3gh V^/5 o^3Mf ˜P• /{1gQ
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1 [S¦3pE !oltage ID pins V`u/cQ3 VLZ/¤€Q33 –l /_cz^ /U‚Sv Xn6
… [S¦3pE the loop"ack pins M5 /€L /Ukyj•66
VhM€Q3 ¡1Sª ]f £jl XWqkQ3 Xk16 œMe_€Q3 TMeyQ/u VkaZ/`^6 T/kyNM€Q3 ]^ •Z/‹Q3 KQMyQ3 VaZ/`^ /U€N3 ]^ ¨}36
.šPz\ ZMzQ3 –l KQMyQ3 VaZ/`^ [S¦3p /Ujef ¡e_1 /€L 63 –¦/{ŸQ3 pMWQ3 63 £tuS€Q3
3 )[S¦3pE < pins SQ6Sk{WQ3 ]^ •6S‹Q3 [S¦3p 63 (
[Z3gQ3 –l SQ6Sk{WQ3 Vyj•6
]^ OMWkn [/{Y oL O3 Xeta … ]1Sˆd36 –Q63 /€U{^ ]j{•3 —63 T/kyNM^ ƒuZ3 63 šMa/• –a/ŸQ36 –Q63 /€5g‚2 KyNM^
OMW1 /€¦3p6)O/1Ma/•
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) ¬e^ ghM1 [/{Y oL ƒ^( –Q6•3 M5 ¬Q/kQ3 KyNM€Q3 coil ./Uu •znS^ (
Sˆ3 KyNM^ [gjmQ3 rd3 V‚MeQ3 –l gma „Q4Q T/kyNM€Q3 „en o€tQ –l/WQ3 Z/jkQ3 –_t1 d Va3 SQ6Sk{WQ3 œMjf ]^6
[ZMwQ3 –l /€L Ve^/Wk^ [S¦3p oWv bef OMW16 Sy1Zp b€c1
„…XN:=> †w> mFngy=> e‡ ˆvFE xPgTf „€•gUz
b‰‰‰f }Ti• FY c> jXŠ‹V=> „XyTUf †gG• Œ•PgT=> jUh• eq= {FXV=> ŽG; ••gUz g~ :••{D=> >M~ „•X•c switch :••{D=>QW
‘ ’V•MŠz p• ŒX•PgT=>c $( •Y “zFO=> Œ=g‡ A0”$(+ A
FO•D= g= SkY ˆcFiV=Ff jXŠ‹V=> •Y• poXyE piG• tFO– •Y :kl> FO•D= g= eOUTf —:Nw> m>gOG=> ˜Y ˆ•>gV=Ff jTUz tFO– jl
eOUTf †w> „ngy=> }yE sG‡ •XzFO–
„™iOf piGVP t{Fšw> ›> _3 }=cw> tFOG=> ›gqz ›> „=Fn e‡ ’;> ˆ> tFO– jl }yE œ on Œ–g=> ••; e‡ „X;Fk=> tFOG=> ›gqVP
off A
btFOG=> jTE „X=ž eƒXƒŸz pP{ channel W
[S¦3gQ VjN/N•3 Vyj•MQ3 XUyQ )oltage Regulator „en T/aMW^ bef £t1SN [S›a Œ/`Q36 S¦36gQ3 ¨1S¤n ]^ gud
) ZMcNSzQ36 S¦36gQ3 –Y/u V14•kQ œMe_€Q3 KQMyQ3 Šk{n –L Z3S`kNd3 VQ/‚ –l o€tn ¬jL6 [S¦3gQ3 )cc po$er (
)ZMcNSzQ3 oˆ3p „eUkc€Q3 KQMyeQ VuMe_€Q3 Xj`Q3 bQ3 oˆ3gQ3 KQMyQ3 o1Mqku [S¦3gQ3 rM`n µj‚ consuma"le )cc
!oltage )VjQ/kQ3 Xj`Q3 ]ju /^ º36Skn šPz\ ZMzQ3 •6Sˆ O3 ³6St€Q3 ]^ .( 3.3!- »©!- and »1…! DC . (
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163 )
[S¦3gQ Vjeˆ3gQ3 S¦36gQ3.... )oltage Regulator ....
oW¤Q/u [pZ3MQ3 T/qe_w€Q3
ICC E Grocessor current .
R,, E ,oad line impedance' Defined as the ratio of !oltage droop¼current step. his is
the load line slope. In this document- the load line is referenced at the socket unless
other$ise stated .
&( E )cc regulation tolerance "and' Defines the !oltage regulator½s 3E¾ !oltage
!ariation across temperature- manufacturing !ariation- and age factors. .ust "e ensured
"# design through component selection. Defined at processor ma9imum current and
ma9imum )ID le!els .
)CC E Grocessor core !oltage .
)ID E )oltage IDentification' A code supplied "# the processor that determines the
reference output !oltage to "e deli!ered to the processor )cc lands. At zero amperes and
the tolerance
"and at ¹3E¾- )ID is the !oltage at the processor .
1 )T3M{`Q3E channels (
pgf oY•3 bef šMkqn [/{Y oL one s$itching regulator ¹t$o .&%7*s .
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163 )
V‚MeQ3 bef Vjq_cQ3 T/aMW€Q3 ]^ /5Sj~6 TP\M€Q36 T/yzQ36 T/^M`€Q36 T/yŸW€Q3 oŸ^ V€f3gQ3 T/aMW€Q3 †tu6
.r•3
[/{`Q3 oWv bef VeŸ^•3 ]^6
–Q3MkQ/u o€tn ]WQ6 KYMQ3 xy{u o€tn d /tj€h T3M{`Q3 O/l /`u/N TSL” /€L6
bQ6•3 [/{`Q3 OMWn /^g{f –{t€u on Vja/ŸQ3 [/{`Q3 OMWn off
ZMcjNSzQ3 Va/j\
ZMcjN6Su 6SWj€Q3 Vyj•6 b5 /^ d63
V{f Vh/k{Q3 —/_fd3 b5 /^
ZMcjNSu Z6/u [S¦3gQ °/‹Q3 ¨1S¤kQ3 M5 /^6
3 Vja6SkLd3 ZMcjN6Su Z6SWj€Q3 oL/¤^ E
“ ƒj€meQ Ve5/N V`1S_u ]zQ3 ijLSn E
Va/jwQ o0l3 oz`kc^ oh3 ]^ Va/jwQ3 XQ/f bl g1gh M5 /^6 Xetka •Z/¤a gjykca gjya ³Skqa /{u /j5 b¦/z‚3
S16 pZ/UQ3
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163 )
ZMuZ”/€Q3 befZMcjN6SzQ3
T/a/jzQ3 VmQ/t€u rM`1 ZMcjN6SzQ3 O3 Xeta /{eL
„{W€1d ZMcjN6Su 6SWj€Q3 pMh6 rgf g{f6 /Un34u Ve`kc^ Ve^/L Vja6SkLd3 [S¦3gu oŸ€k1 pZMu Z”/€Q3 bl ZMcjNSzQ36
gUmQ3 «/jY
|36 [S¦3gQ3 o€kWQ ZMcjN6SzQ3 pMh6 bef o€tn ZMcjNSzQ3 V14•ku rM`n bkQ3 [S¦3gQ3 Od Vu °/‹Q3 Z6/zQ3 [S¦3p bl
V14•n XU{^ ¿S•Q36 [/{Y ]^ SŸL3 ZMcjN6Su Z6/u [S¦3p bl ZMuZ”/€Q3 bef bef ghM1 6 M5 Vk14•n bef o€tn /Ua3
]^ M56 ŠQ/t€eQ |4•€Q3 KQMyQ3 V€jY6 œMe_€Q3 gUmQ/u ZMcjN6SzQ3 1.“ bQ3 KQMl 1.® KQMl A
/UQ/_f3 X53 ]^6
bl VaM‹N pMh6 ]^ X~SQ3 bef ZMcjN6SzQ/u [pZMzQ3 ZMtv rgf †y‹{^ KQMl ZMcjN6Su ‰Sq1 bQ/f SjzL KQMl
ŠQ/t€Q3
KQMyQ3 •6Sˆ bl XWqk^ —6Sk{L bc136 bc13 Sy1ZgQ36 ZMkc1saSn KyNM€Q3 ]^ p3gf3 bQ3 [S¦3gQ3 345 Xc`{n6
bQ3 —6Sk{L Xj€Q3 ]^ KQMyQ3 •S‹1
i.c dri!er —3 6 Sy1ZgQ3 p3gf3 ic‚ V•P• bQ3 O/{•3 bQ3 [g‚36 /{Y ]^ Sy1ZgQ3 pgtu KQMyQ3 Xc`{1 /{56 coil bQ36
Z6/u V14•n [S¦3p [S¦3gQ3 345 Xc`{n6 d r3 ‡Mz›^ KQMyQ3 O/L O3 O/jzQ o1MWQ3 ]^ KQMyQ3 «/jY „{W€16 o1MWQ3
[S¦3gQ3 345 ]^ Šk{n bkQ3 —/_fd3 †tu /{Q À‚Pk1 /€¦3p6 œMe_€Q3 Sjz^d/u ZMcjN6SzQ3 g€Q T3M{Y pgtQ ZMcjNSu
1 ZMzQ3 —/_f3 E
b¦/Ua Z6/u [pZMzQ3 ƒ_Y
¬`n6 [g‚36 VyQ ¬en ZMcjN6SzQ3 g1Szn V‚6S^
VfM{k€Q3 ZMzQ3 —/_fd3 ]^ „€5Sj~6 Vey`Q3 ƒ^ rM`nd 63 Vey`Q3 ƒ^ Z6/u [pZMzQ3 r/jY
pMUmQ3 «/jY Vje€tu o_tQ3 g1gqn „{W€1 /n3geQ Vzc{Q/u6
V€jeN V`1S_u o€t1 ZMcjN6SzQ3 otmn bkQ36 VuMe_^3
jƒU=> g; ¡in {giXPc:™=> ‚FƒE> ˜Y jTUV=> ¢OqT•
ZMcjNSzQ3 oˆ3gu pMhM€Q3 ¬zQ3
ZMcjN6SzQ3 bl TZMv „Q izc1 O3 ]W€€Q3 ]^ ¬zQ3 345 O3
pZMu Z”/€Q3 r/jY rgf Vmjk{Q36 pZMu Z”/€Q3 bef pMhM€Q3 ZMcjN6Su Z6/u bl ‡ZMv o€t16 Z6/u ZMcjN6SzQ3 ƒ_`16
/^/€n /Ut_Y6 Z6/u
]^ «/j`Q36 «SmQ3 ƒ}6 bef Mld3 ƒ}6 b56 TZM¤Q3 V`1S_u Vjef ¬¤L o€tu d r3 ¬en Vu O/L O3 g1gqkQ3 ]W€16
d r3 TZMv Vu ghM1 o5 ]jUmnd3 A
V^/5 V›‚P^
Sˆ3 o_f bQ3 /{t^ |g¦Mnd bk‚ Ve1Mª [SkyQ S13 TMUQ/u ZMcjNSzQ3 ¬wk{€Q3 bef ]j‹ckQ3 rgtu Sjj•kQ3 g{f bf3S1
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&&1(#$366 _88 M.z ]5_88 MBÍs ?'(#]_33
&&18#]33 @33 M.z 65@33 MBÍs ?'8#6@33
&&18#$366 _88 M.z ]5_33 MBÍs ?'8#]_33
&&18#$888 666 M.z $35666 MBÍs ?'8#$3633
&&18#$633 ]33 M.z $(5]33 MBÍs ?'8#$(]33
)oltages
&&18 memories operate at lower "oltages compared to &&1( memories5 which in turn operate at lower
"oltages compare to &&1 memoriesA 0his means that &&18 memories consume less power than &&1(
memories5 which in turn consume less power than &&1 memories A
0ypically &&1 memories are fed with (A_ +5 &&1( memories are fed with $A] + and &&18 memories
are fed with $A_ + Walthough modules re-uiring $A6 + or $A6_ + are common and chips re-uiring only
$A8_ + may become common in the futurebA *ome memory modules may re-uire higher "oltages than
those listedA 0his happens especially with memories supporting the operation at cloc rates higher than
the official ones WiAeA memories targeted to o"erclocing AW
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echnolog# #pical )oltage
&&1 (A_ +
&&1( $A] +
&&18 $A_ +
r3SQ3 –l T/{zQ3 pgf
.emor# .odule 8um"er of Gins
&&1 $]@
&&1( (@3
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7igure ®' &ifference in edge contacts between &&1 and &&1( A
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clic to enlarge
7igure -' &ifference in edge contacts between &&1( and &&18 A
All &&1( and &&18 chips use BGA WBall Grid Arrayb pacaging5 while &&1 chips almost
always use 0*/? W0hin *mall#/utline ?acageb pacagingA 0here are a few &&1 chips with
BGA pacaging on the maret Wlie the ones from Kingmaxb5 but they are not so commonA /n
Figure Z you can see how a 0*/? chip on a &&1 module loos lie while on Figure $3 you
can see how a BGA chip on a &&1( loos lie A
7igure Ï' &&1 chips almost always use 0*/? pacaging A
7igure 1¯' &&1( and &&18 chips use BGA pacaging A
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$ B ΥFf FhXY $333 ΥFf gXyl
$ B Œ•FfFhX© $333 Œ•Ff FhXY
$ B Œ•Ff >:Xz $333 Œ•Ff FhX©
$ B ΥFf FVXf $333 ΥFf >:Xz
$ B Œ•Ff Filª $333 Œ•Ff FVXf
$ B Œ•Ff FV•• $333 Œ•Ff Filª
$ B Œ•Ff Fzg• $333 Œ•Ff FV••
AA }=Fr=> Œ–g=> }‡ t:l>M=> „UP ¶FX– m>Dnc po;ž Œ•Ff FhXh=> c Œ•Ff FhXT=> : FT~c sG‡ •XzDnc FOTo• >M~ FOk•Dn }‡c
' [SL34Q3 ‘3Ma2
AA eu>g‹U=> ‚g¥g=> t:l>| •Y g; •Y :kld ·FO~ c
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‚cž> gO=> *&#1AM
„yThy= {F…VN> e~ *ingle &ata 1ate 1andom Access Memory eu>g‹U=> ‚g¥g=> t:l>| eOUz eV=>c
¢yoVi• jfFGT=> e‡ ’Oq= ÏFY F¨Eg; „=g™GY „E:if mF;FX™=> jGOf †gG• gO=> >M~ A ˆvFnž> jGO=> m>| „OY><VT=> „XqXYFO•D=>
>¨:NÑ F¨Vf ˜‡:X= vgU• p- „€™O=> F•z{> DOE tDn>c t:Y Œf jGOf †gG• ’;ž —:Nž> >g;žFf „;{FGY „–Fƒ=> •Y >¨:X™l >¨{D–
›d FYª FoX‡ mF;FX™=> jG; „E:Pc A „h=FUT=> „E:P tvF•• }=ª ¢=| —vd m>Dng=> mv>• FTylc Ï>Mq~c AA „€™O=> F•z{Ff
›gqz 66 cd $33 }~Fo= Œy¥c „E:P }…–>c $88 AAA <z:~ FhXY
};Fk=> gO=> &&#1AM c> &&1
: „YF~ —:Nd mFXOGz
Error Correction Code
F~{F…VNdc %'' AA
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?'8 B &&18
p–:y= „™iO=Ff 8(335@(3356@33 ‚> •E pyqV; t:T=Ff g~>c —g– M•M= g¯gY LD‡ ratio AA †>:=> §Ffc “=FUT=> §Ff •Xf
}YFY> jG; „E:if “=FUY : SkY F*B À§FfÀ ]33 ‘ jTUXf }GXGn ÈY go‡ <z:~ FhXY ]33 ‘ jTUXf g~ AA <z:~ FhXY
(33 AA <z:~ FhXY
›ž F*B À g~ “=FUT=> -uad#pumped F‡ >M= AA }EFf{ jG; ¡nF¥ c> À ]33 „•:¿O=> „E:i=> •Y :™l> <z:~ FhXY
AA “=FUTy=
“YF;:f ¼•:¹ •E tDl •Y Dl²Vz {DGzc cpu#z :
„Y>:y= „™iO=Ffc &&1( §F™f jTUz ]33 §F™f jTUz ¢=| }OUY •Xy‡ <z:~ FhXY ]33 ´´ <z:~ FhXY
mFY>{ ›ž &&1 À cd jGO=> „XuFO- Fo;> FGfFP FOr¯c FTl double#pumped AAA À
„Y>{ SkT‡ &&1( ]33 g~ }GXGr=> §F™=> $Í( c> 5 ¢=| •Y @33 AA <z:~ FhXY
“YF;:f ¼•:¹ •E tDl •Y Dl²Vz {DGzc cpu#z :
‚> ‘Fir=c bandwidth }‡ §F™=> ‘:¯d F‡ ‚FP{ž> „UP c> ] AA
: SkT‡
mFY>{ ddr( ]33 —cFiz ]33 Q ] B 6@33 AA Œ•Ff FhXY
’;> —> ?'( 6@33 }OUz 6@33Í] vv:Vf jTUz „Y>{ B ]33 AA <z:~ FhXY
c ?'8 $@@33 }OUz $@@33Í] vv:Vf jTUz „Y>{ B $]33 AA<z:~ FhXY
‚> g¯gT= ˜©:; ratio : „Y>:=>c “=FUTy= ’fFin „X•Xlc
: SkY
§Ff “=FUY ?@ §Ff ]33 }~ Fo= mFY>{ ¡i;d mFY>:=> &&1 @33 ˜¯c }yE dual channel AA
: ‘Fir=> „G•:¹
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F*B will be @ x (33mhz W-uad pumpedb x 6@ bit data bus B _$(33MbitÍsec B 6@33MBÍsec
&&1 @33 in dual channel B (33mhz x ( Wdouble pumpedb x ( Wdual channelb x 6@ bit data busB
_$(33MbitÍsec B 6@33MBÍsec
}yE FOy…n FO~ ratio $:$ AA „Y>:=>c “=FUT=> •Xf
v>• >|> j€‡d ³>vž> ›gq• •q= bandwidth AA “=FUT=> •E mFY>:=>
}EFVf “=FUT=> F;> SkT‡ e6733 §F™f jTUXf Lvc $366 }OU• bandwidth B ]_$( AAA „X;Fk=> }‡ Œ•Ff FhXY
(66 Q @ Q ] B ]_$( AA
›gl> ›F‹yU‡ ratio $:$ mFY>{ ¡X©> †•w ddr( _88 ˜¯c }yE FoyŠš>c dual channel
(66 Q ( Q ( Q ] B ]_$(
„Y>{ cd ddr( $366 ˜¯c }yE FoyŠš>c *ingle 'hannel
_88 Q ( Q ] B ]_(]
اااااا ااااااا اااا اااا 8528 ااااا ااا ااااا 533/2
اااا ااااااا 266 ااا 266.5 ..
†>DŸVP> g~ j€‡ž> •q= ddr( 667 ˜¯c }yE dual channel ‚> ›gq• ›F‹yE AA bandwidth “=FUT=> •Y jXyGf }yEd
AA
B ’;> —d $36_6 AA
•Y “=FUT=> „E:P ˜‡>{ };d FTfc $366 }=> $888 AA
›> LFOUY LD‡ bandwidth •Y v>• “=FUT=> FVf ]_$( }=> $36_6 AA
mFY>{ —:Vš> };SN }y=> Lvc ddr( ]33 ˜¯c }yE dual channel ›gq• }q= bandwidth •Y jXyGf }yEd FoEFVf
AA “=FUT=>
«™…• —d $(]33 „X;Fk=> }‡ Œ•Ff FhXY
„yThy= {F…VN> Fo;> FoVXTiz }‡ ¡=FŠ=> —>:=>
&ual &ata 1ate *ynchronous &ynamic 1andom Access Memory eu>g‹U=> ‚g¥g=> t:l>| ˆd AA
eƒUz eo‡ Ï‚cž> gO=> ³>vd xU¯ ˆv±• gO=> >M~ A euFOk=> jGO=> m>| „OY><VT=> „XqXYFO•D=> ( tDn>g=> „X;Fk=> e‡ Œf
xEF€Y ÂFƒ; Ä:E ’•D= ›Ff ’GfFP •E gO=> >M~ <XTV•c A Fo¯F•Ÿ;> DOE >¨:NÑc „€™O=> F•z{> —D= F¨Vf jGOz Fo;d }OUTf
j= FPFX– „X;Fk=> e‡ mFYgyUT=> •Y „•EF€Y „XTl jG; •Y ’OqT• >M~c sd#ram Ëy™• „–Fƒ=> •Y j–d >¨{D– †DŸVi• ’;d FTl A
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(A_ A A Œ=g‡
{cD¥ pz ¢=| DUfc &&#1AMII cd &&1(
FoVGfFP e‡ FTlc &&1 ‰=> F•SN &&1( •q=c „EFi=> „€™O= „ƒfFo=> c tDEF…=> •XVo™h=> }yE mFXƒUT=> ‚vF™Vf †gGz
e‡ ’;d •XEgO=> •Xf eiXu:=> Â:•=> &&1( t{cv ‚SN „XT–{ mFTyl ˜f{d jG; •qTT=> •Y ’;°‡ >M= •Xz:Tf }yEd vv:V=>
‰=> ›°‡ ¢=M=c „XyN>D=> F•SŸy= „EFi=> &&1( •Y •Xz:Tf :™ld „XyEF•f jTUz ›d •qT• &&1 F•SŸ=> jTE vv:z tvF•• ›cv
„XyN>D=>
t:l>M= —:Nd t<XY &&1( Dohf jTUz Fo;d ¬Xn „–Fƒy= F~:X‡gz e~ $A] ˜Y „;{FGY Œ=g‡ &&1 Dohf jTUz eV=> (A_
AA Œ=g‡
•E F€•> •FVTzc &&1 mS¥gT=> vDE tvF•<f ?I9* ‘ jTUz Fo;> ¬Xn (@3 j¥gY ?I9 ‘ „;{FGY &&1 }V=>
‘ jTUz $]@ AA j¥gY
{cD¥ pz Fk•Dnc &&#1AMIII cd &&18
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‚FP{ª „Uif }z²zc bandwidth ¼TUf ] ‘ „;{FGY Œf &&1( @ c Œf &&1 ( AA Œf
}z²zc &&18 „™iOf j–> }uFf:ol ·SoVP> ‚DUTf 83 •E œ &&1( Dohf jTUz }z²z ¬Xn A $A_ ˜Y „;{FGY Œ=g‡
&&1( Dohf jTUz }V=> $A] c Œ=g‡ &&1 Dhf jTUz }V=> (A_ AA Œ=g‡
jTUz c &&18 ‘ (@3 j¥gY ?I9 jkY FoykY &&1( AA eÒ iXu:=> ¼Ó ‹=> ˜–gY g~ DXng=> ºSVNž> AA
›> :lM=Ff :•D©c &&18 •Y Sq= tvgh=> „X=FE „šF‹=> mc:l }‡ m>gOi=> •Y D•DU=> MOY ŒYDŸVP> 9+I&IA J A0I
0echnologies •Foh= „XPFPw> t:l>M=> Fo;> FTl AA ?laystation 8 AA
•E m><XT=> ddr( AA
}=> j…zb „Y>:=> „E:P tvF•• Q $]33mhz }=> j…VP S™GViYc ›£> }Vn (333mhz W
‚> „•{Fƒf :TE „=F¹> }=> —v±zb AA „–Fƒ=> ·SoVP> ‚DUY ••N ˜Y ³>vž> tvF•• Q laptop W
FX©g=gOqVf „UO…Y Q Z3 nm AA
AA ‘gXU=>
mS•vgTf „;{FGY t:X™l t{g…f „Y>:=> ŒX–gz tvF•• Q &&1( AA
mFY>{ {FUPd F•z{> Q dd8 }‡ FozSXkY •E >>D© ddr( AA
•Xf ›£> }Vn }yU•=> ³>vž> Â:‡ ›> ÔnS•c ddr8 c ddr( •Y ¸c>:V• mFGX™ƒV=>c ‘FU=ž> }‡ ( }=> œ _ AA œ
: „¥SŸ=>
&&18 AA ¡•:G=> •X=c AA j•gƒ=> —DT=> }yE jkYž> {FXVNž> }~
mFY>{ ŒX–gz •X•Ÿz pVXP Œ–g=> ˜T‡ &&18 •Xfc FoOXf „™X~:=> „•:Ui=> tgh•=> ŽXyGz c &&1( ›gqVP F~DOE AA
AA jkYž> {FXVNž>
}~ }=Fr=> ˜¯gy= FG™¹ j€‡žF‡ &&1( AA
¬=Fk=> gO=> 1&#1AM
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„yThy= {F…VN> e~ 1ambus &ynamic 1andom Access Memory ‚g¥g=> t:l>M= „XqXYFO•D=> ÅgƒŸ=> eOUzc
<qz:•c Ï„€~Ff F~{FUPdc „y~MY „E:if •FVTz t:l>M=> LM~c Ïeu>g‹U=>
eYFYž> j–FO=> phn :XŠ…z ¼•:¹ •E AtFO– •Y :kld }yE “=FUT=>c t:l>M=> •Xf FY mF;FX™=> jG; ˜••gz ¶FPd }yE FoyTE
•Y 8( }=ª W—:Nž> >g;ž> e‡ „YDŸViT=>b Œf $6 :kld }yE „l:r=> ˜••gz p- •Yc Œf
}=ª j…z >¨ÕD© „X=FE vv:z mFE:P eƒUzc Ï WÅgƒŸ=Ff FoVXTiz ¡™P >M~cb „••>gVY ÅgƒN jq‹f jTUz tFO– •Y ]33
†gXVOf mFh=FUY ˜Y wª jTU• w gO=> >M~c A<z:~FhXY @ •Y „……ŸY F¨E>g;d ¡yƒVz Fo;d FTl
jV;ª jkY †ž> mFngy=> ]_3 t:l>| mF™-ª ¡™if „E:if FoOE eyŸV=> pzc A &&1 ’= ¼nS=> jXh=>c &&1 ( FTo;>
AA j–ª „•yqVf „–g•VY c jf >D© „i‡FOY “uFV; ³FƒEª FToOqT•
AAA †>:=> {FXVN> DOE mFXOGV=> —M~ :‡>gz —DY MN> ¡h•c AA mFY>:=> p•Fzc §Ff •E „XT~> mFXOGV=> jGzw
„XOGz &ual 'hannel
†FE :N>c> e‡ „XOGV=> LM~ m:o• (33( «u>:š e‡ m:o•c 5 nForce( „l:š •Y n"idia „l:š ŒYF– FTl 5 Intel
«u>:š e‡ „XOGV=> M~ ‚FTUVPFf ]6_G c ]6_?% AA p- ]7_? AA „XOGV=> LM~ pEv }‡ „X=FV=> «u>:‹=> m:TVP>c
—Dnª „h=FUTf m>gOG=> —Dnª †gGz FTOXr‡ 5 tDn>c tFO– •Y wDf •XzFO– }yE mF;FX™=> „h=FUY ˜••gz : „XOGV=> LM~ }OUzc
AA Œ–g=> ••; e‡ —:Nd „XyTE ³>:©°f —:Nž> tFOG=> †gGz mFYgyUT=>
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t:l>| }‡ : SkT‡ ddr( 667 „E:if “=FUT=> }=> mF;FX™=> jGOz _A8 GBÍ* „XOGz †>DŸVP> DOE *ingle 'hannel •q=
„XOGz †>DŸVP> DOE &ual 'hannel „E:if “=FUT=> }=> mF;FX™=> jGOz $3A6 GBÍ* „Y<n Ä:E xEF€z ¡™if ¢=|c AA
•Y jGO=> 6@ „XOGz †>DŸVP> DOE Œf *ingle 'hannel }=ª $(] „XOGz †>DŸVP> DOE Œf &ual 'hannel AA
„XOGz pEDz †ž> „ngy=> ›gqz ›d ¡h•c &ual 'hannel A ¢=| „‡:UT=c AA
„XOGVf jTUz }V=> t:l>M=> m>gO– ›g= ºSVN> :Yž> ¡=F½ }‡ ÔnS• &ual 'hannel jl t:X…– „‡FiY cd j¥F‡ vg©cc
„XOGVf jTUz }V=> t:l>M=> m>gO– jqš ›gqz FTOXf AA •XzFO– *ingle 'hannel 5 m>gOG=> •Xf „‡FiY cd j¥F‡ •Y „X=FN
AA sG‡ Dn>c ›g= m>| ›gqzc
*ingle 'hannel
&ual 'hannel
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„XOGVf jTUz mFY>:=> jUhz xXl &ual 'hannel : :‡>gVz ›> ¡h• Åc:š ·FO~ ¢=| jU•z }q= AA
$ jkY „Ui=> ••Of t:l>M=> •XVUƒ– ›gqz ›> ¡h• # ( Q _$( c> ( Q $3(@ AA
( „E:i=> ••; po= •XVUƒG=> ›gqz ›> ¡h• # 667M., 5 ]33M., AA
8 †> Dn>c ¡;F© }yE ˜Gz «u>:‹=> ›gqz ›> FY> }OUTf AA FoXyE «u>:‹=> ˜••gz ¬Xn •Y ›FVy-FTVY •XVUƒG=> ›gqz ›> ¡h• #
AA •X™;Fh=> Sl }yE ˜ƒGz Fo;ª
—g…G=> tvF•VPS=c „XOGz •Y &ual 'hannel AA p•FV=>c j•vgT=>c gO=> ¬Xn •Y FYFTz „y-FTVY mFY>:=> ›gqz ¢;> ¡h•
³>:‹f tD‹f «…;>c &ual 1am Memory ÐXš jl }‡ FYFTz •XVy-FTVY •XVXUƒ– Fof tg™E •E t{F™E ›gqz }~c AA
À اااااا اااا اااا ااا اا ااااااا ااا اااااااا اا ااا
اااااا اا اااااا ااااا serial number اااا AAÀ
AA „XOGV=> LM~ •Y „X=FkT=> tvF•VPw> ›FT€= ¢=|c
: }=FV=> jq‹=Ff AA tDn>c tg™E }‡ ›F;gq•c
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163 )
AA ›gy=> ••; po= •XqOf }‡ t:l>M=> }VUƒ– ˜¯c „¹Fi™™‡ ¡Xl:V=> „G•:¹ •E FYd
*ingle 'hannel
&ual 'hannel
„XOGV=> LM~ jXŠ‹z •Y Dl²Vz }q=c AA
AA FoyXU•z •Y DlFV=>c •Foh=> ³Df „šFš „¿nSY ¡h•
(
163 )
: —•Fo© •Y
: †DŸViT=> •Foh=> mF•¥>gY
(
163 )
: }=FV=Fl Œ;Fl „hXVO=>
(
163 )
(
163 )
•Y ¸c>:V• ³>vž> Â{F‡ ›ª „GfFi=> mF;{FGT=> •Y «€VV• ( }=> œ $3 „XOGz «=F…= †DŸViT=> ¼X™ƒV=> ¡in œ &ual
'hannel
Error Correction Code
F~{F…VNdc %'' AA
AA sG‡ Dn>g=> Œ™=> —gViY }yE Foync ³FƒNž> •E ¬r™=> FoV•X•cc
: SkT‡
p–{ $ }=FV=> jq‹=Ff „=ž> „Šyf ’=FNv> pV• 33$
p–{ c ( }=FV=> jq‹=Ff „=ž> „Šyf ’=FNv> pV• 3$3
p–{c 8 }=FV=> jq‹=Ff „=ž> „Šyf ’=FNv> pV• 3$$
p–{c @ }=FV=> jq‹=Ff „=ž> „Šyf ’=FNv> pV• $33
p–:=> ‚FNv> pz >|²‡ 8 }=FV=> jq‹=Ff $$$ „XOGz „ƒP>gf „Y>:=> LDOE x‹qV‡ %'' }=> ’rr…z c 3$$ AA
}=FV=> jq‹=Ff ’=FNv> pz >|> FYd $$3 AA g~ FTl ’XG™VP c ²ƒŸ=> «r…z •= t:l>M=> ›°‡ Œf •Y :kl> }‡ ²ƒN :kld vg©c —d
AA „XOGV=> LMof jTUz w }V=> FoV•:¿; •E „Y>:=> ²ƒfª }=> ¬r™=> „XyTE —v±zc
AA ‚FE >¨³>vd ¡yƒVz eV=> t<o©ž> e‡ FoVX=FU‡ †DE }yE ‚D• FTY
b †vFŸ=> t<o©d e‡ sG‡ FoY>DŸVP> pV•c *er"ers AAW
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163 )
(
163 )
„Y>:y= „™iO=Ffc &&1( §F™f jTUz ]33 §F™f jTUz ¢=| }OUY •Xy‡ <z:~ FhXY ]33 ´´ <z:~ FhXY
mFY>{ ›ž &&1 À cd jGO=> „XuFO- Fo;> FGfFP FOr¯c FTl double#pumped AAA À
„Y>{ SkT‡ &&1( ]33 g~ }GXGr=> §F™=> $Í( c> 5 ¢=| •Y @33 AA <z:~ FhXY
“YF;:f ¼•:¹ •E tDl •Y Dl²Vz {DGzc cpu#z :
‚> ‘Fir=c bandwidth }‡ §F™=> ‘:¯d F‡ ‚FP{ž> „UP c> ] AA
: SkT‡
mFY>{ ddr( ]33 —cFiz ]33 Q ] B 6@33 AA Œ•Ff FhXY
’;> —> ?'( 6@33 }OUz 6@33Í] vv:Vf jTUz „Y>{ B ]33 AA <z:~ FhXY
c ?'8 $@@33 }OUz $@@33Í] vv:Vf jTUz „Y>{ B $]33 AA<z:~ FhXY
‚> g¯gT= ˜©:; ratio : „Y>:=>c “=FUTy= ’fFin „X•Xlc
: SkY
§Ff “=FUY ?@ §Ff ]33 }~ Fo= mFY>{ ¡i;d mFY>:=> &&1 @33 ˜¯c }yE dual channel AA
: ‘Fir=> „G•:¹
F*B will be @ x (33mhz W-uad pumpedb x 6@ bit data bus B _$(33MbitÍsec B 6@33MBÍsec
&&1 @33 in dual channel B (33mhz x ( Wdouble pumpedb x ( Wdual channelb x 6@ bit data busB
_$(33MbitÍsec B 6@33MBÍsec
}yE FOy…n FO~ ratio $:$ AA „Y>:=>c “=FUT=> •Xf
v>• >|> j€‡d ³>vž> ›gq• •q= bandwidth AA “=FUT=> •E mFY>:=>
}EFVf “=FUT=> F;> SkT‡ e6733 §F™f jTUXf Lvc $366 }OU• bandwidth B ]_$( AAA „X;Fk=> }‡ Œ•Ff FhXY
(66 Q @ Q ] B ]_$( AA
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163 )
›gl> ›F‹yU‡ ratio $:$ mFY>{ ¡X©> †•w ddr( _88 ˜¯c }yE FoyŠš>c dual channel
(66 Q ( Q ( Q ] B ]_$(
„Y>{ cd ddr( $366 ˜¯c }yE FoyŠš>c *ingle 'hannel
_88 Q ( Q ] B ]_(]
اااااا ااااااا اااا اااا 8528 ااااا ااا ااااا 533/2
اااا ااااااا 266 ااا 266.5 ..
†>DŸVP> g~ j€‡ž> •q= ddr( 667 ˜¯c }yE dual channel ‚> ›gq• ›F‹yE AA bandwidth “=FUT=> •Y jXyGf }yEd
AA
B ’;> —d $36_6 AA
•Y “=FUT=> „E:P ˜‡>{ };d FTfc $366 }=> $888 AA
›> LFOUY LD‡ bandwidth •Y v>• “=FUT=> FVf ]_$( }=> $36_6 AA
mFY>{ —:Vš> };SN }y=> Lvc ddr( ]33 ˜¯c }yE dual channel ›gq• }q= bandwidth •Y jXyGf }yEd FoEFVf
AA “=FUT=>
«™…• —d $(]33 „X;Fk=> }‡ Œ•Ff FhXY
: mFY>:=> ˜XO…z mFl:š p~d Ä:UVi;
„l:‹f dD™;c corsair :
„l:š “VOz corsair : FoT~d t<XTVT=> mS•vgT=> •Y D•DU=>
&ominator
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„EgThY vg©gf j•vgT=> >M~ <XTV• ic }…–> jTUf ¢= «Tiz tvgh=> „X=FE o"er#clocing }yE „¿‡FrT=> ˜Y mFY>:y=
AA F~{>:GVP>c FozF™-
j•vgY FƒVP>c &ominator AAA ••ŸOY p•Fz c „X=FE mFE:P }=> ‚g¥g=> }~c „™U…=> „=vFUT=> jn
‚> }zFzc &ominator D•:™Vf &.” cd &ual#path .eat ”change AA
AA †>:=> •Y t{>:r=> „=>•ž ••{FiY vg©c F~FOUYc
}…–> jTE DOE }Vn „Y>:=> t{>:n }yE Ô‡Fr• FTY o"er#clocing AA Fo=
•Y D•<T=c o"er#clocing ³>:‹f ¢XyE AirFlow j•vgTf „¥FŸ=> ¸c>:T=> c> &ominator AA
AA †Fz ›FY²f „E:i=> ˜‡{ •Y ’™½:z FY }…–> ¢= ¼Grz }V=>c
: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
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#####################
”M* &.” *eries
D•:™Vf j•vgT=> >M~ <XTV•c &.” cd &ual#path .eat ”change AA
j•vgTf vg©gT=> &ominator AA FoOY j–> :Uif AA
jTE }yE „yXfFG=> Fo= }ƒU• FTY o"er#clocing „©{D= j…z w FoOq=c AA ›FY²f o"er#clocing j•vgY
&ominator AA
XMS3 DHX Series
: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
XMS2 DHX Series
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: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
#####################
”M*( ?ro *eries
AA t³F•q=> }=FE †gX;gT=> t{>:n ŒV‹Y vg©gf gO=> >M~ •FVT•c
AA ¢Of jl }‡ „Y>:=> ÅF‹; „©{v «¯g• „Y>:=Ff t³F¯d †F¿;c
: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
#####################
”M*( ”pert *eries
„l:‹= ’Eg; •Y v>:•;> }~ „Y>:=> tM~ corsair AA
: •Y Sl «¯gz „hY:™Y „šFš }yE —gVrz „Y>:=> LM~
AA „Y>:=> À„E:PÀ vv:z 5 t{>:n „©{v 5 Œ=g‡
AA t³F•q=> }=FE †gX;gT=> t{>:n ŒV‹Y vg©c ˜Y >M~ jl
: g~c j•vgT=> >Mo= sG‡ Dn>c j•vgY jTE pzc
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”M* *eries
jTE „X;FqY>c „X=FU=> tvgh=Ff •FVTzc o"er#clocing AADX© :Uif c }¯:Y
„l:š —D= FUX™Y :klž> „™nF¥ „É•=> }~c corsair AA
XMS3 Series
: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
XMS2 Series
: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
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+alue *elect *eries
„l:š —D= FX;D=> „É•=> }~c corsair jTEc> }yE> ³>v> }‡ ˜Tƒ• w —M=>c :kld —vFU=> †DŸViTy=„……ŸY }~c o"er#
clocing AA F~{FUP> ÄF•Ÿ;²f <XTVzc
„l:š /', 0echnology AA
AA :lM; Âc:‡ poOXf D©g•w FoOY :Xkq=>c t:kqf mS•vgY “VOVf „l:‹=>
AA Fo= >D© t<XTT=> mS•vgT=> Ä:Uf }•Vq~ tDl ›F‹yE
Flex ”2' *eries
mFY>{ j•vgT=> >M~ •Y „l:‹=> ŒhV;>c ddr8 c ddr( AA
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: ’OY ••{>D¥> D©g•c
ReaerX H!C
Reaer H!C
›> g~ poOXf FY Â:•=> AAA ›FY²f „Y>:=> vv:z ˜‡{ ¢= «XV• FTY „Y>:=> D•:™V= „VYF…=> ¡XfF;ž> †F¿; }yE ›F•gVr• ›S•vgT=>c
j•vgY 1eaper” .?' j•vgY •Y —g–> t{>:n ŒV‹Y }yE —gVr• 1eaper .?' AA
mS•DYgy= „™iO=Ff c
ReaerX H!C
mFY>{ •Y tvcDrY m>{>D¥> j•vgT=> >M~ •Y „l:‹=> ŒhV;>c ddr8 c ddr( AA
&&18 Model
&&1( Model
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: t{>:r=> ŒXV‹z „X•Xl «¯g• }=FV=> jq‹=>c
: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
###################
Reaer H!C
mFY>{ •Y tD•DE m>{>D¥> j•vgT=> >M~ •Y „l:‹=> ŒhV;>c ddr( mFY>{ ’OY “VOz p=c AA ddr8 AA
: t{>:r=> ŒXV‹z „X•Xl «¯g• }=FV=> jq‹=>c
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: mS•vgTy= „™iO=Ffc
—g…G=> tvF•VPw>c ¡yƒ=> •Xf FY mFY>:=> •rš
{gVfv> mFY>:=>
¡yƒ=> wc>
•rš }‡ tgYDŸVi• }Vn mFY>{ {gVfv> ˜XO…z tgNw> •Y D•DU=> ¡y¹ t:XNw> t:V•=> }‡ Ông= mFY>:=> Ö DTr=>c „•=FV=>
‚FTqVP> FT;>c FoOXUf t:u>v Ä:‡ •X=c tD•Dh=> c> „T•DG=> :u>cD=> ›gqyVT• •TY tgNw> mF™yƒf }•; }Vn „UXO…z pz D–
{>:TVPFf Fo•{gƒzc „T•DG=> :u>cD=> {>g‹Y
{gVfv> “Yv •qTT=> •Y ›Flc mFY>:=> mFhVOY •Y ³>gP „T•DG=> :u>cD=> ›gqyVT• •TY }=> :¿O=> †DEc tD•Dh=> :u>cD=> }‡
%gyeprom mFhVOY •Y c> Myeprom j¥>gVY }O‡ pEv p•DGVf FOYFTV~> •q=c tD•Dh=> ÆiO=> c> „T•DG=> ÆiO=> ³>gP
•rš >cv>{> FY >|> FoOXUf t:u>v ³>:š poXyE Ä:•f po=SŠVP> †DEc „T•DG=> :u>cD=> †>DŸVP> F;gl{Fš p~ •T= mFY>:=> }=>
g¯gY •Y FOXoV;> FO~ ™yƒ=> Ä:U=>g
p~w> g¯gT=> }=> }z²;c
mFY:=> •rš Foyr= ÁFVr; }V=> ‚FƒEw> }~ FY
$ FGyƒY jTUz w „Y>{ #
Dhz t:Xkl F;FXnF‡ >{F‹V;> :klw> g~c „i•; }i•w> xyz c> ’f §FŸ=> :•c Œ‡giy= „Y>:=Ff §FŸ=> •r‹=> }i•> DG‡ b
•r‹=> “YF;:f }yE }ƒUzc •r‹=> j™Gz w „Y>:=> 9o A'K &e"ice 'ommand FOXyEc •r‹=> }i•> xyz FO~ jƒU=F‡
„•=Fz —:N> „Y>{ •Y t:XŠz
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„X=FV=> t{g…y= ‚FkY
( „Xy¥w> FoVnFiY •Y :™l> c> :Š¥> „GXGn :X½ „nFiY }ƒUz „Y>{ #
gO=> ••; •Y „Y>{ •Y pXyP xyTf •r‹=> •Y Dfw „=Fr=> tM~ }‡
•Y „X¹FXVn> Æi; b ‘> ·Ff mF•yY MN> „X•Xl g¯gT=> }‡ „ƒG; p~> }=> }z²; mFY>:=> jTUf †gG; „TXyi=> 1ead 'hip
Ž…ŸT=> Fo;FqY }‡ „Y>:=> ¡Xl:z DUf
„X=FV=> t{g…=> ‚FkY
{>{• }yE sŠ€; F~DUfc Buffer „Y>:=Ff §FŸ=> Œ‡gi=> }i•> }yE „;<ŸT=> mF;FX™=> —:O= •r‹=> “YF;:f j•P>
„X=FV=> t{g…=> ‚FkY
„X=FV=> Â:ƒ=> —Dn> jTUf †gG; xyT=> Ô•n }‡ tgƒN p~>
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t{g…=Ff ‚FkY p=FUT=> „r¯>c >:XYFqf c> :OqPwFf „Y>:=> :•g…z ˜Y pP> —Ff xyT=> Ô•n }=cw> „G•:ƒ=>
„X=FV=> „ŠX…=Ff xyT=> pP> Ô•rf †gG; tDX© :XYFl c> :OqP :‡gV• p= >|> —:Nw> „G•:ƒ=> c>
&&1\6@”]\*pecte\_$(M\?'@33
:ƒi=> >M~ :Xi•z
&&1 „Y>:=> g;
6@”] }yE —gVrz „Y>:=> ›> }OUz ] chip jlc chip FoVnFiY 6@ }yE j…r; ‘:¯ j¥Frfc FhXY _$( FhXY
specte „UO…T=> „l:‹=>
„Y>:=> phn tDl DUf }=> FU™¹c
jGO=> ‚DUY tDUf }=>c B4*
•rš }‡ F€•> tvF•VPw> FOOqT• >|FY mFY>:=> ´´ „GfFi=> ‚FƒEw> ºSŸf
SkY „Y>{ ¢yT; FO;> g= ‚FkY _$( }yE jTUz FoyUh; ›> D•:;c •XOz> c> }i•> }‡ ‚FƒEw> •Uf Fofc (_6 „yU‡ FOXyE FY jq‡
„Y>{ xyTf FoOrš g~ (_6 vDE }yE —gVrz chips FoVnFiY ŽXyGz v>:T=> „Y>:=> •Y j–>
{gVfvFf „yU•; ›> ˜XƒVi; FY jl }=> FOy¥c j~ mFY>:=> :XNw> ›gq• w ›> Ö> }iEc :N> ³}š ·FO~ DUf j…; p= w ‚g–>
•Uf }‡ mFY>:=> D©g• w }i•w> >M~c —vFU=> v{Fo=> Œ‡gP •Y :Š¥> phr=> }‡ >D© :XŠ¥ Œ‡gP }i•> }yE —gVrz
vgl }=> ÁFVrz }V=> mFXf:U=> mFVPFl •Uf }‡ D©g• }i•w> >M~ ›wc >D© :Ui=> ˜•z:Y ’;w ’f §FN ŒlgP :…Y }‡
}i•w> ˜¯c g~ FOXyE FY jq‡ }i•w> >M~ •rš }yE x–gVz ‘gz ‘S=> „•FTn ¢‡ b ‘gz ‘S=> >g;> •Uf c> jXŠ‹Vy=
}‡ v{gPF™=> †gyUY c> „Xf:U=> ŒPFl „=Fn }‡ vgq=> †gyUY :N> xyTf —:N> t:Y ’Oršc „Vu>:Gf †gG;c „•=Fz „Y>{ }yE
‘gz ‘S=> „=Fn
mF•yY „;>gƒP> }‡ poU€; ºgP ˜™ƒ=Ff FOOq=c —DVOT=> }yE FoU€; ºgP F™•:– FO•D= t:‡gVT=> •r‹=> mF•yY }=> „™iO=Ff
„yYFl t:u>D=> c> {gVfvw> ˜Y }z²z }V=> ¶gX™=>
t:u>v t{g¥ egyeprom mFY>{ {gVfv> ˜Y
mFY>:=> {gVfv>
¡yƒ=> wc>
Ö DTr=>c „•=FV=> mFY>:=> •rš }‡ tgYDŸVi• }Vn mFY>{ {gVfv> ˜XO…z tgNw> •Y D•DU=> ¡y¹ t:XNw> t:V•=> }‡ Ông=
‚FTqVP> FT;>c FoOXUf t:u>v Ä:‡ •X=c tD•Dh=> c> „T•DG=> :u>cD=> ›gqyVT• •TY tgNw> mF™yƒf }•; }Vn „UXO…z pz D–
•TY }=> :¿O=> †DEc tD•Dh=> :u>cD=> }‡ mFY>:=> {gVfv> “Yv •qTT=> •Y ›Flc {>:TVPFf Fo•{gƒzc „T•DG=> :u>cD=> {>g‹Y
„T•DG=> :u>cD=> ›gqyVT•
mFhVOY •Y ³>gP egyeprom mFhVOY •Y c> myeprom pEv p•DGVf FOYFTV~> •q=c tD•Dh=> ÆiO=> c> „T•DG=> ÆiO=> ³>gP
•rš >cv>{> FY >|> FoOXUf t:u>v ³>:š poXyE Ä:•f po=SŠVP> †DEc „T•DG=> :u>cD=> †>DŸVP> F;gl{Fš p~ •T= j¥>gVY }O‡
mFY>:=>
p~w> g¯gT=> }=> }z²;c Ä:U=>c ¡yƒ=> g¯gY •Y FOXoV;> FO~ }=>
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mFY:=> •rš Foyr= ÁFVr; }V=> ‚FƒEw> }~ FY
$ FGyƒY jTUz w „Y>{ #
Dhz t:Xkl F;FXnF‡>{F‹V;> :klw> g~c „i•; }i•w> xyz c> ’f §FŸ=> :•c Œ‡giy= „Y>:=Ff §FŸ=> •r‹=> }i•> DG‡ b
•r‹=> “YF;:f }yE }ƒUzc •r‹=> j™Gz w „Y>:=> no ac de"ice command
„•=Fz —:N> „Y>{ •Y t:XŠz FOXyEc •r‹=> }i•> xyz FO~ jƒU=F‡
( „Y>{ •Y pXyP xyTf •r‹=> •Y Dfw „=Fr=> tM~ }‡ „Xy¥w> FoVnFiY •Y :™l> c> :Š¥> „GXGn :X½ „nFiY }ƒUz „Y>{ #
gO=> ••; •Y
jTUf †gG; „TXyi=> mFY>:=> •Y „X¹FXVn> Æi; ‘> ·Ff mF•yY MN> „X•Xl g¯gT=> }‡ „ƒG; p~> }=> }z²; read chip DUf
Ž…ŸT=> Fo;FqY }‡ „Y>:=> ¡Xl:z {>{• }yE sŠ€; F~DUfc buffer „;<ŸT=> mF;FX™=> —:O= •r‹=> “YF;:f j•P>
„X=FV=> t{g…=> ‚FkY „Y>:=Ff §FŸ=> Œ‡gi=> }i•> }yE
:OqPwFf „Y>:=> :•g…z ˜Y pP> —Ff xyT=> Ô•n }=cw> „G•:ƒ=>„X=FV=> Â:ƒ=> —Dn> jTUf †gG; xyT=> Ô•n }‡ tgƒN p~>
t{g…=Ff ‚FkY p=FUT=> „r¯>c >:XYFqf c>
„X=FV=> „ŠX…=Ff xyT=> pP> Ô•rf †g– tDX© :XYFl c> :OqP :‡gV• p= >|> —:Nw> „G•:ƒ=> c>
ddr\6@x]\specte\_$(m\pc@33
:ƒi=> >M~ :Xi•z
ddr „Y>:=> g; 6@x] }yE —gVrz „Y>:=> ›> }OUz ] chip jlc chip FoVnFiY 6@ }yE j…r; ‘:¯ j¥Frfc FhXY
_$( FhXY
specte jGO=> ‚DUY tDUf }=>c „Y>:=> phn tDl DUf }=> FU™¹c „UO…T=> „l:‹=> bus
´´ „GfFi=> ‚FƒEw> ºSŸf mFY>:=> •rš }‡ F€•> tvF•VPw> FOOqT• >|FY
SkY „Y>{ ¢yT; FO;> g= ‚FkY _$( }yE jTUz FoyUh; ›> D•:;c •XOz> c> }i•> }‡ ‚FƒEw> •Uf Fofc (_6 „yU‡ FOXyE FY jq‡
„Y>{ xyTf FoOrš g~ (_6 vDE }yE —gVrz chips FoVnFiY ŽXyGz v>:T=> „Y>:=> •Y j–>
:XNw> ›gq• w ›> Ö> }iEc :N> ³}š ·FO~ DUf j…; p= w ‚g–> mFY>:=> {gVfvFf „yU•; ›> ˜XƒVi; FY jl }=> FOy¥c j~
—vFU=> v{Fo=> Œ‡gP •Y :Š¥> phr=> }‡ >D© :XŠ¥ Œ‡gP }i•> }yE —gVrz mFY>:=> •Uf }‡
>D© :Ui=> ˜•z:Y ’;w ’f §FN ŒlgP :…Y }‡ D©g• w }i•w> >M~c
„•FTn ¢‡ b ‘gz ‘S=> >g;> •Uf c> jXŠ‹Vy= vgl }=> ÁFVrz }V=> mFXf:U=> mFVPFl •Uf }‡ D©g• }i•w> >M~ ›wc
W}i•w> >M~ •rš }yE x–gVz ‘gz ‘S=>
„•=Fz „Y>{ }yE }i•w> ˜¯c g~ FOXyE FY jq‡
‘gz ‘S=> „=Fn }‡ v{gPF™=> †gyUY c> „Xf:U=> ŒPFl „=Fn }‡ vgq=> †gyUY :N> xyTf —:N> t:Y ’Oršc „Vu>:Gf †gG;c
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d62 ScmQ3 –Q/€¤Q3 '
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$ # ¡X‹=> }fgOh=>
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b pqrV=>c sf:=> t:u>v ’X‡ ¡™iV• ›> •qTT=> •Yc Œ=g‡ jƒE ’;²‡ †>:=> t:u>v „YSP •Y Dl²V=> DUf Œ=g‡ D©g• p= ›>c
ich AW
bQ/€¤Q3 ij¤Q3 Sjj•n V`1Sª <.C=
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ppSn –l XWqk1 pci .
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.Ž/UmQ/u V\/‹Q3 T3gjeQ3 ‰p2 b{t€u 62 o{u Ka6SyQ3 –l XWqk1
• ,GC (,o$ Gin Count) Interface
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• %mart<uardian Controller
• I***1…-“ Garallel Gort
• 7lopp# Disk Controller
• <ame Gort
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• Õ ime resolution 1 minute- ma9imum …©© minutes
• Dedicated Infrared pins
• Õ Compliant $ith IrDA 1.“ for )7IR
• %ingle “-.=z Clock Input
• %ingle 3.3) Go$er %uppl#
• 1…- E pin ,GÖ7
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T/0z{Q3 gQM^ [S¦3p
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£tuS€Q3 VhM€Q3
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• CG;
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• reset signal
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. ŠQ/t€Q3 VeNZ3 /^ —p/t1 š4Q3 g1gmQ3 ppSkQ3 gjQMn6 ppSkeQ –›qQ Sjywn o€tu [Sv/z^ rM`n –kQ3
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a chipset5 connected to the '?45 wherein the '?4 communicates with a
peripheral of the computer main board through the chipset Ù
a cloc generator5 connected to the chipset5 pro"iding the chipset with a
system cloc fre-uency for operating the computer main board5 wherein the
'?4 controls the cloc generator through the chipset5 and the cloc
generator is controlled through a first control signal busÙ and
a reset signal generator5 connected to the chipset and controlled by the
'?4 through the chipset5 which pro"ides the chipset with a reset signal 5
wherein the reset signal generator is controlled through a second control
signal bus5 such that when the cloc generator needs to change the system
cloc fre-uency according to a command from the '?45 the reset signal
generator acti"ates the reset signal simultaneously for changing a cloc
(
163 )
fre-uency of the peripheral from a current fre-uency to an intended
fre-uency with respect to the s"stem cloc fre-uency where the intended
fre-uency can be repeatedly reset until the intended fre-uency matches in
ratio to the system cloc fre-uency and the reset signal remains
acti"ation until the system cloc fre-uency is completely changed to a new
setting A
6 A 0he circuit of claim _5 wherein the circuit further comprises a status
latch for storing a status parameter set by the '?4 as soon as the system
cloc fre-uency is changed5 wherein the set status parameter is retrie"ed
by the chipset from the status latch to determine a ratio of the system
cloc fre-uency to a cloc fre-uency of the peripheral after the computer
main board is restarted A
7 A 0he circuit of claim _5 wherein the first control signal bus includes an
I( ' bus A
] A 0he circuit of claim 75 wherein the second control signal bus includes
an I( ' bus A
Z A 0he circuit of claim ]5 wherein the chipset comprises an I( ' bus
interface that is used by the '?4 to control the cloc generator and the
reset signal generator A
$3 A A method for switching system cloc of a computer main board5 the
method comprising :
pro"iding a '?4 Ù
pro"iding a cloc generator5 for generating a system cloc fre-uency Ù
sending out a command from the '?4 to the cloc generator to change the
system cloc fre-uency Ù
sending out a reset signal from the cloc generator as soon as the cloc
generator starts to change the system cloc fre-uency wherein the reset
signal resets a cloc fre-uency of a peripheral from a current fre-uency
to an intended fre-uency with respect to the system cloc fre-uency where
the intended fre-uency can be repeatedly reset until the intended
fre-uency matches in ratio to the system cloc fre-uency5 and
canceling the reset signal by the cloc generator as soon as the system
cloc fre-uency is changed to a new setting A
$$ A 0he method of claim $35 wherein the method further comprises pro"iding
a status latch for storing a status parameter set by the '?4 as soon as
the system cloc fre-uency is changed5 wherein the set status parameter is
retrie"ed by the chipset from the status latch to determine a ratio of the
system cloc fre-uency to a cloc fre-uency of the peripheral after the
computer main board is restarted A
$( A A method for switching system cloc of a computer main board5 the
method comprising :
(
163 )
pro"iding a '?4 Ù
pro"iding a cloc generator5 for generating a system cloc fre-uency Ù
sending out a command from the '?4 to the cloc generator to change the
system cloc fre-uency Ù
sending out a reset signal from a reset signal generator as soon as the
cloc generator starts to change the system cloc fre-uency5 wherein the
reset signal resets a cloc fre-uency of a peripheral from a current
fre-uency to an intended fre-uency with respect to the system cloc
fre-uency where the intended fre-uency can be repeatedly reset until the
intended fre-uency matches in ratio to the system cloc fre-uency5 and
canceling the reset signal from the reset signal generator as soon as the
system cloc fre-uency is changed to a new setting A
$8 A 0he method of claim $(5 wherein the method further comprises pro"iding
a status latch for storing a status parameter set by the '?4 as soon as
the system cloc fre-uency is changed5 wherein the set status parameter is
retrie"ed by the chipset from the status latch to determine a ratio of the
system cloc fre-uency to a cloc fre-uency of the peripheral after the
computer main board is re
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gUh [S¦3geQ ow1 1… KQMl ]^ ) AJ1…) ( rgf VQ/‚ –l ZMzeQ –cj¦SQ3 ou/WQ3 ]^ 63 pMh6 ) AJ1…) ( –l /€L
V€1g`Q3 pSzQ3 .
rM`n6 ojzN bef pSzQ3 bef pMhM€Q3 S¦36geQ KQMyQ3 345 o1Mqku —/Ÿ€Q3
1 E ZMcNSzQ3
… E ij¤Q3
3 E r3SQ3 S¦36gQ3 ]^ /5Sj~6
b€c1 o1MqkQ3 345 DCEDC con!erter b€c1 /^ 63
s$itchingEmode –l /€L µ1gqQ3 šPz\ ZMzQ3
Vje€f –l XWqk€Q3 SQ6Sk{WQ/u b€c1 /^ M5 o1MqkQ3 ) ceontrollr ( /€L 63 /j€ef £jef ¡e_1 Gulse :idth
.odulation .
rM`1 SQ6Sk{WQ3 bef /U_¤{n /€^ [g‚ bef [/{Y oL –l XWqkn £tuS^ VhM^ gjQMku KQMyQ3 •3Sˆ/u rM`n –L o€tQ3
Xj€wn ic‚ bef /U{^ œMe_€Q3 •3Sˆ3 –l [S€kc^ [/{`Q3 o›n VhM€Q3 —Mª ic‚ bef6 [S¦3gQ3 b€c1 /^ 63 KQMyQ3
VQ/‚ –l [/{`Q3 Œ/`u higher !alue
[S¦3gQ3 45 •Sˆ6 bef OMW1 g‚2 ³3Sª2 cpu /€c€Q3 bef !oltage ID¸ ()ID) pins
]€Q 3gh V^/5 Xj`Q3 456 gjeQ3 OMWn O3 µjqu ZMcNSzQ3 [gf/Y «/jY Skcn rg‹kc1 ) led ( SkckQ/u [pMhM€Q3 [ZM{^
–¦/{• pML gQMn /5Z6gu –kQ36 /€¦3p ) "inar# code ( own O3 im1 –kQ3 KQMyQ3 V€jY •z0Q/u pgq1 ZMcNSzeQ .
Ì [S¦3p DCEDC con!erter O3 b{t€u ¡e•^ Z/c^ –5 SQ6Sk{WQ3 ) controller ( •6Sˆ iY3S1 S€kc^ oW¤u [S¦3p
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!oltage regulator KQMyQ3 ¥`a 63 p3Ž MQ b{t€u ppSn ¡1Sª ]f „Q” Xk16 /j¦/`en V_z0u [Z3gQ3 rM`n VhM€Q3
£tuS€Q3 ) changing the freIuenc# of the G:. signal ( oŸ^ /^/€n šPz\ ZMzQ3 .
SQ6Sk{WQ3 [S¦3p ) G:. controlle (

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–l 3gh V^/5 o^3Mf ˜P• /{1gQ [S¦3p ¨}Mn /€LSQ6Sk{WQ3 [ZMwQ3
1 E [S¦3p !oltage ID pins VLZ/¤€Q33 –l /_cz^ /U‚Sv Xn6 V`u/cQ3
… E [S¦3p the loop"ack pins M5 /€L /Ukyj•66
KQMyQ3 VaZ/`^ /U€N3 ]^ ¨}36 œMe_€Q3 TMeyQ/u VkaZ/`^6 T/kyNM€Q3 ]^ •Z/‹Q3 ]f £jl XWqkQ3 Xk16 VhM€Q3 ¡1Sª
[S¦3p /Ujef ¡e_1 /€L 63 –¦/{ŸQ3 pMWQ3 63 £tuS€Q3 šPz\ ZMzQ3 –l KQMyQ3 VaZ/`^ .
3 E [S¦3p ) < pins ( 63 [S¦3p ]^ •6S‹Q3 SQ6Sk{WQ3
Vyj•6 SQ6Sk{WQ3 [Z3gQ3 –l
]^ OMWkn [/{Y oL O3 Xeta … –a/ŸQ36 –Q63 /€5g‚2 KyNM^ ƒuZ3 63 šMa/• ]1Sˆd36 –Q63 /€U{^ ]j{•3 —63 T/kyNM^
O/1Ma/• ) OMW1 /€¦3p6 –Q6•3 M5 ¬Q/kQ3 KyNM€Q3 ( oL ƒ^ ¬e^ ghM1 [/{Y ) coil ( /Uu •znS^ .
œMjf ]^6 SQ6Sk{WQ3 –l gma „Q4Q T/kyNM€Q3 „en o€tQ –l/WQ3 Z/jkQ3 –_t1 d Va3 3 Sˆ3 KyNM^ [gjmQ3 rd3 V‚MeQ
oWv bef OMW16 Sy1Zp b€c1 [S¦3p [ZMwQ3 –l /€L Ve^/Wk^
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Xk1 63 M5 Sy1ZgQ3 345 Vyj•6 VwjˆSQ3 rd3 T/‚MeQ3 –l šp/f ¬NM€u V01Mtn Z/jkQ3 ¥`a †1Mtn otm1 –WQ
Vje€tu rM`1 KyNM€Q3 63 oj•¤kQ3 ÂÂÂu b€c1 /^ ) s$itch (
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V^g`^
[S¦3gQ VjN/N•3 Vyj•MQ3 XUyQ )oltage Regulator –kQ3 S¦36gQ3 ¨1S¤n ]^ gud T/aMW^ bef £t1SN [S›a Œ/`Q36
Šk{n –L Z3S`kNd3 VQ/‚ –l o€tn ¬jL6 [S¦3gQ3 „en œMe_€Q3 KQMyQ3 S¦36gQ3 –Y/u V14•kQ ZMcNSzQ36 ) )cc po$er (
oˆ3gQ3 KQMyQ3 o1Mqku [S¦3gQ3 rM`n µj‚ VuMe_€Q3 Xj`Q3 bQ3 ZMcNSzQ3 oˆ3p „eUkc€Q3 KQMyeQ ) consuma"le )cc
!oltage .(
Xj`Q3 ]ju /^ º36Skn šPz\ ZMzQ3 •6Sˆ O3 ³6St€Q3 ]^ VjQ/kQ3 ) 3.3!- »©!- and »1…! DC . (
.... Vjeˆ3gQ3 S¦36gQ3 [S¦3gQ )oltage Regulator ....
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oW¤Q/u [pZ3MQ3 T/qe_w€Q3 ICC E Grocessor current .
R,, E ,oad line impedance' Defined as the ratio of !oltage droop¼current step. his is
the load line slope. In this document- the load line is referenced at the socket unless
other$ise stated .
&( E )cc regulation tolerance "and' Defines the !oltage regulator½s 3E¾ !oltage
!ariation across temperature- manufacturing !ariation- and age factors. .ust "e ensured
"# design through component selection. Defined at processor ma9imum current and
ma9imum )ID le!els .
)CC E Grocessor core !oltage .
)ID E )oltage IDentification' A code supplied "# the processor that determines the
reference output !oltage to "e deli!ered to the processor )cc lands. At zero amperes and
the tolerance
"and at ¹3E¾- )ID is the !oltage at the processor .
1 E T3M{`Q3 ) channels (
oY•3 bef šMkqn [/{Y oL pgf one s$itching regulator ¹t$o .&%7*s . V€f3gQ3 T/aMW€Q3 †tu6 oŸ^
T/^M`€Q36 T/yŸW€Q3 TP\M€Q36 T/yzQ36 V‚MeQ3 bef Vjq_cQ3 T/aMW€Q3 ]^ /5Sj~6 r•3 .
[/{`Q3 oWv bef VeŸ^•3 ]^6
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TSL” /€L6 –Q3MkQ/u o€tn ]WQ6 KYMQ3 xy{u o€tn d /tj€h T3M{`Q3 O/l /`u/N bQ6•3 [/{`Q3 OMWn /^g{f –{t€u on
Vja/ŸQ3 [/{`Q3 OMWn off
Vj{`n Dual Channal
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Vja/ŸQ3 £^3SQ3 iLSn O3 g€q^ «g{U€Q3 /UQ Z/v3 bkQ3 O3MQd/u b{tn b56 T/^3SQ3 bl KcjQ pZMu Z”/€Q3 bl [sj€Q3 45
bQ6d3 £^3SQ3 £jl iLSn |4Q3 OMeQ3 xya bl
/U€53 ‡6Sv Sl3Mn ]^ gud 345 ¡j`qkQ6 •`l g‚36 £^3Z XUa/L6 ]jk^3SQ3 ƒ^ o^/tkQ3 Xk1 O3 M56 ³gUQ3 ¡`qk1 34Uu6
•`l ]jªSv
—3 Vj\/ˆ Xfgn Z”/€Q3 O3 —6d3 dual channal
XUa3 bef ]jk^3SQ3 ƒ^ Ž/UmQ3 o^/tkjN £^3Z ]^ oY3 £^3Z ijLSn Xn MQ Od VfScQ3 xya ]jk^SQ3 OMW1 O3 M5 ba/ŸQ3
ƒ1ŽMn xya6 —/1ScQ3 xya —M`1 †tzQ36 £mk{€Q3 £LS¤Q3 oŸ^ |Sˆd3 ‡6S¤Q3 †tu •/{56 oYd3 £^3SQ3 £fSN
£^g`€Q3 bl X5 ]j`u/cQ3 ]jªS¤Q3 ]WQ6 /Ujef ¨¦3S¤Q3
—3 ]ju £aZ/`^ ZMwQ3 456 dual channal —3 single channal
[ZMwQ3 bl /€L Vj\/‹Q3 ¡j`qn ]^ gL/keQ6
dual channal |g‚™ VmQ/t€u /{Y rM`n /^g{f •cu3 b{t€u - [g‚36 ]^ dgu ]jn/{Y bef T/a/jzQ3 VmQ/t^ ƒ1ŽMn b{tn
.KYMQ3 xya –l |Sˆ2 Vje€f Œ3ShÄu |Sˆ•3 [/{`Q3 rM`n T/^Met€Q3
bnd/L /Ujef œMkW^ gm{l £^3SQ3 £fSN £lSt€Q £zc{Q/u /^3
pc E999
/^ g‚ bQ3 £^3SQ3 ‘Ma SU›1 /013 XYSQ3 3456
pcE999 Ô ddr
pc…E999 Ô ddr…
pc3E999 Ô ddr3
SkY m>gOG=> —Dn> †gGV‡A“=FUT=> ˜Y Dn>c ›> e‡c ˆ•>gVY jq‹f t:l>M=> m>gO– jTE “Yv }yE FPFP> „XOGV=> LM~ †gGz
AjGO=> „E:P e‡ D•<• FTY —:Nd „XyTE ‚F™GVPw v>DUVP¦> „XU¯c e‡ —:Nž> ›gqz •Xn e‡ FY „YgyUY „fFVlc t³>:Gf
„XOGVf jGO=> „E:P Œ;Fl >|°‡ single channel ‚vFUz 8A(GbÍs „XOGVf jGO=> „E:P ›°‡ &4A2 '.A99%2 ‚vFUz
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ˆd Fo•U¯ 6A@GbÍs •Y jGO=> „Y<n Ä:E xEF€VVP ˆ> A 6@ b Œf *ingle 'hannel }=> W $(] b Œf &ual
'hannel jYFUY :XXŠz ¡;F© }=> >M~ W F*B ˆcFiX= “=FUTy= WeYFYž> j–FO=>b F*B „E:P tvF•• }=> ˆv±• FTYAmFY>:=>
A„YgyUT=> jG;
: Åc:‹=> LM~ }‡gz ›> ¡h• 5 ³>v> }yE> }yE ‚g…r=>c jYFl jq‹f „XOGV=> LM~ jTE ›FT¯ j©w
jkY „Ui=> ••Of t:l>M=> •Y •XVUƒ– ˜¯c ¡h• # ( Q (_6 c> ( Q _$( A
•Xz:l>| †>DŸVP> jkY „•cFiVY •XVUƒGy= eYFYw> j–FO=> „E:P ›gq• ›> ¡h• # &&1 @33 A
›FT€= F€•> „l:‹=> ••; •Yc m><XTT=> e‡ FYFTz „ofF‹VY •XVUƒG=> ›gqz ›> ¡h• 5 eGXGn ³>v> }yE> }yE ‚g…ry= #
’TP> :N> :Y> po‡ }=> j¥gV; FO~ •Yc 5 Ä{FUV=> †DE &ual 1am Memory FTo= t:l>| •XVUƒ– ˆ:V‹z ›> g~c 5
tDn>c „l:š •Yc m><XTT=>c mF•¥>gT=> ••;
jTE „‡:UY Â:¹ dual channel pXyP jq‹f
„Tyl {go• &ual 'hannel •Foh=> jXŠ‹z „•>Df e‡
: v{gf {<T=> ‚FƒEd •Uf
$ bjkY v{gf {•FT=> Á{FŸY ‚FƒE> # ps( J eyboard J mouse J usb AAjX™G=> >M~ }yE ‚FƒEw> •Y L:X½c W
( jƒE ‘F™P> c> ‚FƒE> # 1estart AAA
8 AA’=g¥c „YSPc {FXV=> „YSP •Y Dl²V=> ˜Y •Foh=> c> Lv{g™=> †FX– †DE jƒE #
$ jƒE ‘F™P> # ?*( #:
AA ’UiVY Œlgi=> mFrV‡ ›> †> DX© Œlgi=> jqš ›Fl >|> Œlgi=> Žr‡c v{gf }q=> >:™VN> #
tg– ‚g¥c •Y Dl²V=> # _ Œlgi= Œ=g‡ ?*( b }yE :VXYg‡w> s™¯ ¼•:¹ •E Œ• >M~c &' (3 •Y —> ˜¯cc W
„TX– }ƒUX= Lv{g™=> j•Pd •Y Œlgi=> mFOf •Y ’Of —> }yE º>:¹w> _ {FXV=> ‚g¥c „YSP •Y F;Dl²z ›gq; >Mofc Œ=g‡
AAAA g™ƒY xyY ›gq• FGfFP ’XyE FO‡:Uz D–c Doh=> ••; }ƒU• Œlgi=> j™– xyT=> F€•>c
:XXŠz pV• ¼™P FY „YSP •Y Dl²V=> pz >|> # '#MA01I” jqš g~c I' mgyi=> p¿UTf DXr• FTu>v LDh;c :XŠ¥ •q=c
L:X½c †>:=> ‚gnc jN>DT=>c Á{FŸT=>c
¶gX™=> •r‹f †gG; #
„r•:š •XŸiVf †gG; # I0%
„r•:š :XXŠVf †gG; •XŸiV=> «hO• p= >|># I0% AAAA
’©{D=> }yE ’rV‡c :•> mgo=> †>DŸVPFf j•P> •Y ’q‡ pV•c ’GfFi=> ‚FƒEw> jl •FXV©> pz >|> ’i•; Œlgi=> :XXŠVf †gG; #
•Y ¢•=> „XyTE Â:ŠVizc :•> mgo=> ŒlgP ¢‡c —g…G=> _ # 7 AAAA ¼uF–v
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‘F™P>c ‚FƒE> 1%*0A10
#: ’XiXu:=> ‘F™Pw> AA ’XE:‡ ‘F™P>c ’XiXu{ ‘F™P> ’= m{FVi•:=>
LDo© ¶FX–c —S™P {cF™=> „YSP •Y Dl²V=> #
DXl> ¡™P ¢=M‡ ’Ÿ•VOY Œ;Fl >|F‡ ’Ÿ•VOY ŒiX=c ’•gViY FoPd{ ›gqz ¬Xrf v{gf {•FT=> }yE mF•kqT=> „YSP •Y Dl²V=> #
AAA {g•=> }yE L:XXŠz ¡h•c m{FVi•:y=
AAA ¢=| }‡ ¡™P ›gqz ›> F€•> •qTY †>:=> #
›> c> ’X‡Fl ’•goz ‚g¥c †DE ¡™if {giXPc:™=> }yE L{>:r=> „©{v F•z{> ¡™if F€•> :X™l ‚FTVn> {giXPc:™=> #
}yEc ’nc:T=> •Xf ’U¯c pV• v:™Y c> :=gl ‚FTUVP> ¡h• c> F~:XXŠz ¡h•c Œy– FoVuF•l ’•goV=> „nc:Y
AAAAA {giXPc:™=>
AAA {giXPc:™=>c mF™‹=> t{>:n •Y Dl²V=> #
AA v{Fo=> ›cDf •Foh=> {F™VN>c v{Foy= ’y¥gT=> mS™q=> „YSP •Y Dl²V=> #
AAAA ³F–{<=> ’šF‹=> jkY ’XE:•=> ‘F™Pw>
pz }V=> “Y>:™=> •Y “YF;:f ›Fl ³>gP jƒU=> ¡™P „‡:UT= ’yXyGf ŒiX= L{FoY c| ŽŸ‹= ÁFVrzc >D© L:Xkl FofF™P>c
AAAA }z£> Fo™Xz:z ‘F™Pw>c L:l| pz }V=Fl •Foh=> mF;gqY Dn> c> •cDO•g=> }yE Fo™X…Oz
³FO-> }‡ jTUz }V=> “Y>:™=> Dn> ¡™i=> ›gq• ›> •qTT=> •Y ¬Xn ³F–{<=> ’šF‹=> }‡ ¢=| t³>:– •qT•c :•gV‡gi=> #
AAA •cDO•g=> }=> ‚gND=> DOE FXqXzFYgzc> jTUz }V=> “Y>:™=> }OUTf •cDO•g=> }=> ‚gND=>
: ’=gync “XOoV=> ‘F™P>
AAAAL{>:r=> „©{v #
AAAA —S™P {g™=> :XXŠz #
AAA LDn }yE FToOY jl ’šF‹=> m{Flc {giXPc:™=>c †>:=> •Y jl ‚>D™VP> #
AAAA „XuFXTXq=> mF•kqT=> #
8 : ’=g¥c „YSPc {FXV=> ’YSP •Y Dl²V=> ˜Y •Foh=> †FX– †DE #
AAA ’f §FŸ=> {FXV=> —> —S™P {cF™=> Žr‡ #
AAA ’•{Fƒ™=> xU¯ DOE jTUzw v{gf {•FT=> •Y >g;> D©g• AAAA v{gf {•FT=Ff ’¥FŸ=> ’•{Fƒ™=> Žr‡ #
AA „ngyf §FŸ=> :™Thy= «Xr…=> ˜¯g=> •Y Dl²V=> # *%04? ˜¯c }‡ ›gq• ›> 9/1MA2
AAA jƒUY {cF™=> {• ›gq• ›> ‚FTVnw vgPw> ˜Y :€Nw> ¢yi=> j¥c ¼•:¹ •E F•cD• Lv{g™=> jXŠ‹z #
#: FT~c ••:NÑ •XyƒE •E pyqz> ºgP
$ AA †>:=> ‚FƒE> #
( jƒE # o"er load AAA
†>:=> jƒE Q
#: }‡ ŽŸyVz ’f ’GyUVT=> —cFq‹=> c> jƒU=> >M~ mFTPc
AAA †w> ’ngy=> ’;FX¥ ‚FhY e‡ >D© L:‹VOT=> ‚FƒEw> •Y jƒU=> >M~ DU•
: e~c ‘F™P> LDE ’hXV; jƒU=> >M~ ez²•c
$ AA«Xr…=> FoU¯c :XŠf ˆ> •qU=Ff ’Y>:=> ¡Xl:z #
( AAA †w> ’ngy=> }yE mFY>:y= mFV=g•=> jGOz eV=> m>{gVP<;>:V=> xyz #
8 AAA †w> ’ngy=> e‡ ¶gX™=> ’r•:š ’hY:f xyz #
#: ’Xz£> ‚FƒEw> Dh; F€•>c
$ AA †>:y= ’¥FN L{F•¥ {>D¥Ff †gGz FTu>v Lv{g™=> ›> #
( AA Fo–:rf Lv{g™=> †gGz Lv{g™=> }yE ’Y>{ ¡Xl:z pz FTyl ’;> #
8 AA FoOXf ’–:•V=> ¡h•c ’= —:N> ‚FƒE> •E FOTyqz >M~ Ú### mF;FXf —> }ƒU• w •Foh=> #
:: †w> ’ngy=> }yE Œ=g‡ †Fl MN²Vf ’Y>{ jl º:U; ›> ¡h• : wcd
$ # &&1am }=> ÁFVrz e~c (A_ AAŒ=g‡
( # *& 1am }=> ÁFVrz e~c 8A8 AAŒ=g‡
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8 # 1& 1am }=> ÁFVrz e~c (A_ AA Œ=g‡
@ # && 1am ( }=> ÁFVrz e~c (A_ AAF€•> Œ=g‡
AAA ¡XU=> º:UY ’X•Xl
Fofgl{ :Vl> }OUTf †w> ’ngy=> }yE ’Y>:=> ¡Xl:z •Y p½:=> }yE ’y•g¹ L{F•¥ †w> ’ngy=> ³FƒE> FY> ¼•:¹ •E g~c
’–c:rY ’Y>:=> ›> Dh; c> †w> ’ngy=> •Y Ž=FN L{F•¥ ³FƒE> †DE c> FoYDE ˆ•
‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ ‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰
›DUY FoX‡ >D© L:XŠ¥ ‘gG- Dh; }yE> •Y Œlgi=> }‡ F;:¿;c FO¿n w >|> Fof §FŸ=> Œlgi=> }yE •XUY ¶FX– Fo= †>:=>
g~c Fof §FŸ=> Doh=> FoXƒUX= FoU¯c DOE †>:=> ˜Y j…VX= ¡;Fh=> }yE Œlgi=> jN>v }=> DVTY ›DUT=> >M~c :XŠ¥ (A_
›gq• {FXV=> >M~ j¥dc Œ=g‡ _ g~ DN²• †>:=> {>g© }‡ ›gq• {gVP<;>:z {FXV=> jXyGVf ›gG•c Œ=g‡ _ †>:y= FoXƒU•c Œ=g‡
(A_ AAA’Y>:=> Â:rf †gG• ›> :X™l ‚FTVn> •XV=Fr=> }‡c j–> c> }yE> Do© }ƒU• ›> ‚FTVn> {gOP<;>:V=> jƒUz >|F‡ Œ=g‡
}yE :VXYg‡w> }yE ¶FXG=> ˜¯c D•Drz ¡h• :VXYg‡žFf †>:=> }‡ FoPFX– ¡h• }V=> mFO™=> ›£>c (3 •f ˜¯c p- }P —v
FY> DhO= ’Of ‚c> eyE ¶FXG=> 8A8 c> (A_ g~ ¶FXG=> }‡ FO= ’™iO=Ff }PFPw> (A_ ›Fl >|> jN>D=> }PFPw> Œ=g•=> g~ ’;w
jkY j–> $A_3 :™l> c> vcDr=> LM~ }‡ c> SkY @A3 ‚FƒEw> }‡ ¡™P ’;w {g•=> }yE {gOP<;>:V=> :XŠz ¡hX‡ :™l> c>
Åg™€T=> :X½ {FXV=> Fo™™P }V=>c wc> F~:l| pz }V=>
AA wc> ¡h•c
$ AA FToVr¥ •Y Dl²V=>c †>:=>c †>:=> ŒlgP Žr‡ #
( AA LSE> F;:l| FTl †>:=> Œ=g‡ Žr‡ #
8 AA ¶gX™=> }‡ ’Y>:=> ›>gOE ›>DG‡ pz ›gq• ›> ‚FTVn> ¶gX™=> •rš pV•#
@ •Y ›gqz LDT=>c ’OY Œlgi=> ˜yN DUf :•> mgo=Ff Áv:f ®{gO=> •XŸiz # ( # 8 }~c —> tvc:™=> j•P> •Y ¼uF–v
AA ’fgyGY
_ º:n vg©gf ’Y>:=> {>ghf }V=> ’Eg™ƒT=> mFYcFGT=> Žr‡# 1 F~{>ghf
c> ' # Matrix ¼X–vc :XŠ¥ •q=c }P —w> ’™‹• g~c
6 •Uf •E Lv{g™=> mFG™¹ •Y ’G™¹ j…‡ pz ›gq• ›> jTVrY {gVP<;>:V=> :XXŠz ˜Y ’GfFi=> ‚FƒEw> jl Žr‡ pz >|> #
AAA •U™=> Fo€U™f ’y…VY mFG™¹ „Uf{> •Y ’;gqY Lv{g™=> ›w
#: ’GfFi=> ‚FƒEw> mwFTVn> |F•; •Y FU™¹ >M~c L:XXŠz v>:T=> {gVP<;>:V=> •Y Dl²V=> DUf ›£>c
$ s™¯ ¡h• #: ’•gryY#\\\\ juFi=> jkY ’yUh• ’;w {gVP<;>:V=> j©{> }yE †Fry=> DEFiY •Y L:XŠ¥ ’Uƒ– ˜¯c #
{>DGY }yE ³>go=>c L{>:n :…–> }yE L{>:r=> 8 w }Vn ’yuFY ŒiX=c {gVP<;>:V=> j©{> }yE ’•vgTE ·D• ›gqz ›>c
AAt{cFhT=> †Fi©w> Â:rz
’•=Fz Lv{gf •Y c> :‡gz >|> D•Dh=> {gVP<;:V=> ¡Xl:z p-
AAA †>:=> ‚FƒE> •Y FOXoV;> ›gq; FO~c
À jƒE #:FX;F- /"er 2oad AA {FXV=> }‡ Du><=> jTr=> c> À
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‰=> Fof ›<VŸ• eV=> t:l>M=> «u>:‹= „UO…T=> mFl:‹=> :ošd •Y BI/* :
Intel5 Atmel5 Winbond5 AM&5 Macronix
‰=> ˜XO…Vf †gGz eV=> „l:‹=> •Xf Â:•z ›d eŠ™O• BI/* ‰=> “YF;:f „fFVqf †gGz eV=> „l:‹=> e~cb BI/* „l:‹=> •Xfc ÏW
‰=Ff FoVhY:f pVz eV=> t:l>M=> «u>:š ˜XO…Vf †gGz eV=> BI/* A
‰y= „UO…T=> mFl:‹=> :ošd •Y BI/* :
Award5 AMI5 ?hoenix
‰=> Fof ›<VŸ• eV=> t:l>M=> «u>:‹= „UO…T=> mFl:‹=> :ošd •Y BI/* :
Intel5 Atmel5 Winbond5 AM&5 Macronix
(
163 )
‰=> „r•:š p–{ t³>:– DOE ’f pVo; FY :kld BI/* ‰=Ff º:U• FY D•Drz g~ 'ore ?art 9umber ePFPž> ³<h=> g~c Ï
AFoV•g~ vDr• ˆM=> „r•:‹=> p–{ •Y
‰=> eyz cd ¼™iz •gY{c †F–{d }yE „r•:‹=> p–{ ˆgVr• FY tvFE 'ore ?art 9umber †F–{ž> LMof :Xkl pVo; w tvFEc A
‰=> e‡ FOYFTV~> :…rO• FT;ªc •gY:=>c 'ore ?art 9umber AsG‡
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f tvFEª BI/* ‰=> •Fo© †>DŸVP> ›cDf %%?1/M ?rogrammer
pPFf „G•:ƒ=> LM~ º:Uz .ot Flashing A
:}=ª „XyTU=> LM~ †FTz¦ ÁFVrVP
$ S–ª §:–A Boot#up Floppy &is A
( „hY:™=> “YF;:fA Flash 4tility A
8 ‰=> }yE ˆgVr• ˆM=> xyT=>A BI/* A’VhY:f v>:T=>
@ „r•:šA BI/* AgO=> ••; •Y „TXyP
„hY:™=> “YF;:f }yE ‚g…r=> ¢OqT• Flash 4tility ‰y= „UO…T=> „l:‹=> ˜–gY •Y FYª BI/* jkYb Award cd
AMI ‰=> }yE ˆgVr• ˆM=> xyT=> ˜Y ’XyE ‚g…r=> ¢OqT• cd ÏW BI/* ‰y= „UO…T=> „l:‹=> ˜–gY •Y ’VhY:f v>:T=>
Motherboard ‰=> „hY:™f †gGz eV=> BI/* AS–¦> §:– }yE •X•yT=> ••M~ Æi; pV•c AFo=
‰=> }yE ˆgVr• ˆM=> xyT=> ›gq• FY tvFE BI/* AQ v>DVY> c| xyY t{g¥ e‡ bin •Y xyT=> >M~ }yE ‚g…r=Ff «…O•c Ï
AgO=> ••; •Y †d „ng= •Y ’ŸiOf cd Œ;:V;w> }yE †ž> „ngy= „UO…T=> „l:‹=> ˜–gY
‰=> m>gƒN .ot Flashing
$ ‰=> }yE tvg©gT=> „•{Fƒ™=> ¢•f p– # Motherboard jTE p- 'lear 'M/* A
( ‰=> „r•:š ¢•f p–A BI/* FVX™kz FoVX™kVf †gGz wd }yE „TXyi=> „r•:‹=> FoOY wDf ¡l{c †ž> „ngy=> •Y FoVhY:f v>:T=>
‰=> jTUz ¬Xrf Fo= „……ŸT=> jX¥gV=> ÅFG; •YSz Fo‡>:¹d jUhz ›d sG‡ e•q• A>DX© Motherboard „XUX™¹ t{g…f
A•Foh=> jXŠ‹z DOE
8 ‰=> }yE Fo= Ž…ŸT=> ›FqT=> e‡ „•{Fƒ™=> ¡Xl:z DEdA Motherboard A
@ AjXŠ‹V=> †F¿; jXTrV= FGfFP Lv>DE°f ŒT– ˆM=> S–¦> §:– †DŸVP>A
_ jXŠ‹V=> †F¿; jXTrz †FTz DUfA &/* ‰=> „r•:š ¢•f p– ÏS–¦> §:– •Y BI/* j…‡ ›cDf †ž> „ngy=> •Y „TXyi=>
‰=> „r•:š ¡Xl:Vf p– p- Ï•Foh=> •E „Xf:oq=> „•MŠV=> {D…Y BI/* ‰=> LFhz> ›gq• ›d tFE>:Y ˜Y FoVhY:f v>:T=> notch
AFrXr¥ „r•:‹=> }yE vg©gT=>
6 „hY:™=> “YF;:f jXŠ‹Vf p–A Flash 4tility ‰=> }yE ˆgVr• ˆM=> xyT=> pP> vDnc BI/* „OX™T=> mFTXyUV=> ˜fFz p- Ï
A¸FhOf „hY:™=> „XyTE ³FoV;> }Vn „šF‹=> }yE ¢YFYd
7 ‰=> „r•:š „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUfA BI/* jTUf p– p- •Foh=> Е¹d Ï 'lear 'M/*
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f ¸Fh; ›FT€= «uF…; BI/*
$ jTEA &isable ‰=> e‡ tvg©gT=> m>{FXŸ=> jq= BI/* *etup „Tyl •T€Vz eV=> *hadow :X‡gz ›FT€= ¢=|c Ï
t:l>M=> •Y „nFiY 1AM ‰=> „r•:š „hY:f †FTz¦ e•qz BI/* A¸FhOf
( „TuF– }=ª ‚gND=>A 'hipset Feature *etup ‰=> e‡ BI/* *etup jTEc &isable eVX¥FŸ= *ystem BI/*
'acheable c +ideo BI/* 'acheable A
8 jTEA &isable ‰=> xuF•c ˜XTh= ?ower Management ‰=> e‡ BI/* *etup A
@ ‰=> ›d •Y Dl²V=>A Iumper ‰=> „r•:š }yE „fFVq=> ˜OTf §FŸ=> BI/* b „r•:‹=> „hY:™f ¸FTi=> ˜¯c }yE Åg™€Y
%nable 1eflashing AW
(
163 )
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f †FTzª DUf BI/* A’XyE Œ;Fl FY }=ª FoEF©{¦ m>{FXŸ=> LM~ s™¯ tvFEª ¢OqT• ¸FhOf
˜f>:=> ³<h=>
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f BI/* FXqXzFYgzcd
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f „XyTE j•grz •qT• BI/* xyY †>DŸVPFf „XqXzFYgzcd t{g…f pVz „XyTE }=ª AutoexecAbat ˆgVr•
Aj™– •Y Lv>DE°f FOT– ˆM=> S–¦> §:– }yE xyT=> >M~ ˜¯g•c A„XyTU=> LM~ †FTz°f „¥FŸ=> :Y>cž> „EgThY }yE
xyY mF•gVrY „X=FV=> Ä:U=> „r•:š Ä:Uz AutoexecAbat A„G•:ƒ=> LM~ e‡ †DŸViT=>
Q echo off
if exist oldbiosAbin goto old
awdflashAexe newbiosAbin oldbiosAbin Ípy Ísy Ícc Ícp Ícd Ísb Ír
goto end
ld
awdflashAexe oldbiosAbin Ípy Ísn Ícc Ícp Ícd Ísb Ír
: end
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f pVXP ÏD•Dh=> S–¦> §:– †>DŸVP> v:hTf BI/* ‰=> •Y „ŸiOf ÊF•Vnw> ˜Y ÏFXuFGyz BI/* e‡ p•DG=>
pPFf xyY oldbiosAbin A§:G=> }yE ’¿•n pV•
‰=> „ŸiOf „r•:‹=> „hY:f tvFEª pVXP Ï„r•:‹=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUf —:Nd t:Y S–¦> §:– ••; †>DŸVPFf ŒT– >|ª
BI/* xyY e‡ „•g•rT=> p•DG=> oldbiosAbin xyY DEd D–c A AutoexecAbat }Vn ¢=|c ÏDTE •E „XyTU=> LMof †FXGy=
‰=Ff „r•:‹=> „hY:f tvFE°f «Ti• BI/* „©Fr=> ›cv „r•:‹=> „hY:™f „G•:ƒ=> LM~ «Tiz FTl A„©Fr=> DOE FXuFGyz p•DG=>
Ä:U=> †F¿; jXŠ‹z }=ª &isplay *ystem A
“YF;:f †>DŸVP> „X•Xl Award Flash „r•:š „hY:™= BI/*
“YF;:f jXŠ‹z :Yž „YFU=> „ŠX…=> Award Flash "7A73
:e~
AW&F2A*. ÎFilename $Þ ÎFilename (Þ Îey ÎÍey ÎAAAÎ
:¬Xn
Filename $: for reflashing
Filename (: for the pre"ious "ersion of the BI/*
“YF;:™= jXŠ‹V=> m>{FXN Award Flash
?y Í cd ?n
‰f „fF©Ç= <Y:z Øes cd 9o ‰=> „r•:š „hY:f D•:z ŒOl >|ª FY }yE BI/* †>DŸVPFf {FXŸ=> >M~ ¢= «Ti•c Aw †d
‰=> ÆiO= “YF;:™=> BI/* ‰=> }yE j…rz ›d cd xyY }=ª e=Fr=> 'hecsum ‰=Ff „¥FŸ=> BI/* „hY:f ›cv e=Fr=>
‰=> •Y tD•D© „ŸiOf „r•:‹=> BI/* A
Í e~ {FXŸ=> >Mo= „X¯>:V‡w> „TXG=> ?y A
*y Í cd *n
‰f „fF©Ç= <Y:z Øes cd 9o ‰=> •Y „Ÿi; Ô•n D•:z ŒOl >|ª FY }yE BI/* Aw †d xyY e‡ e=Fr=>
Í e~ {FXŸ=> >Mo= „X¯>:V‡w> „TXG=> *y A
Í †>DŸVPFf «…O• *n xyY e‡ AutoexecAbat Ä:U=> †F¿; jƒUz „=Fn e‡ FXqXzFYgzcd „r•:‹=> „hY:™f †FXG=> DOE
&isplay *ystem A
Í ''
(
163 )
jTU= †DŸViz 'lear 'M/* A„r•:‹=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUf
‰=> †gG• eV=> mF;FX™=> ••<Ÿz mF‡g•…Y „½FX¥ xyVŸz ›d ‚FTVn> vg©c „=Fn e‡ ’Y>DŸVP> DX•• BI/* e‡ FouF‹;°f D•Dh=>
t:l>| 'M/* ‰=> †F– eV=> ¢yz •E BI/* DUf †ž> „ngy=> jXŠ‹z DOE jlF‹Y ’OE ¡™iV• FY g~c ÏFG™iY FouF‹;°f p•DG=>
‰=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> BI/* A
‰=> •E ¬r™=> ³FOE {FXŸ=> >M~ †>DŸVP> ¢XyE :‡g• Iumper ‰f §FŸ=> 'lear 'M/* vg©c †DE „=Fn e‡ „¥FNc Ï
†DŸViT=> jX=v 4serÝs Manual A†ž> „ngy=Ff §FŸ=>
Í '?
jTU= †DŸViz 'lear %*'& mF;gqT=> ˜XThf „¥FŸ=> mF;FX™=> «iY ºDof ¢=|c Ï„r•:‹=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUf
„X¥FN pEDz eV=> „•vFT=> ?n? t:l>| •Y %*'& A
jXŠ‹V=> ³Df jlF‹Y e‡SV= {FXŸ=> >M~ †>DŸVP> DX•• *tartup ?roblems pEDz tD•D© „•vFY mF;gqY ¡Xl:z „=Fn e‡
„X¥FN ?n? ‰=> „r•:š „hY:f †FTzª DUf †ž> „ngy=> }yE BI/* A
t:l>| mF•gVrY ¬•DrVf †ž> „ngy=> †gGzc %*'& AjXŠ‹V=> tvFEª DOE FXuFGyz ForiY pz eV=>
'&
jTU= †DŸViz 'lear &MI &ata pool ˜XThf „¥FŸ=> mF;FX™=> «iY ºDof ¢=|c Ï„r•:‹=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUf
A†ž> „ngy=> }yE tvg©gT=> „•vFT=> mF;gqT=>
jXŠ‹V=> ³Df jlF‹Y e‡SV= {FXŸ=> >M~ †>DŸVP> DX•• *tartup ?roblems }yE tD•D© „•vFY mF;gqY ¡Xl:z „=Fn e‡
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f †FTzª DUf †ž> „ngy=> BI/* A
mF•gVrY ¬•DrVf †ž> „ngy=> †gGzc &MI &ata pool AjXŠ‹V=> tvFEª DOE FXuFGyz ForiY pz eV=>
Í *B
‰=> „hY:f ¡OhV= †DŸViz BootBloc ‰=> „r•:š e‡ t:l>| tDnc ‚cd jkT• g~c Ï BI/* Ï•Foh=> jXŠ‹z DOE Foz³>:– pV•
A†ž> „ngy=> ˜O…Y j™– •Y ¢=Mf «…O• p= FY FoVhY:f tvFE¦ eE>v w ¢=M= Ï:XŠVz FY >{vF; e~c
‰=> „hY:f †DE DX•• BootBloc ‰=> „r•:š „hY:f tvFE°f «Ti• ’;d e‡ BI/* ‰=> †>DŸVPFf *oftware j‹‡ „=Fn e‡
A„XPFPž> „hY:™=> „XyTE
‰f tvc<Y ›gqz †ž> mFngy=> •Uf Iumper ‰=> „•FTr= BootBloc A„hY:™=> D¯
Í *&
‰=> mF•gVrY Ô•r= †DŸViz &MI &ata pool A§:G=> }yE ’O•<Ÿzc xyY e‡
AjTU• w ’;d wª “YF;:™=> m>{FXN •T¯ {FXŸ=> >M~ :l| •Y p½:=Ff ’;d Ông=
Í 1
b •Foh=> jXŠ‹z tvFE¦ †DŸViz 1eset A„r•:‹=> „hY:f ³FoV;> DUf W
Í 0iny
t:l>M=> •Y t:XŠ¥ „nFiY †>DŸVP> }yE “YF;:™=> {F™©¦ †DŸViz 1AM A„hY:™=> „XyTE †FTz¦
“YF;:f ˜OT• {FXŸ=> >M~ †>DŸVP> Award Flash ‰=> xyY jXTrz •Y BI/* Ï„hY:™=> „XyTE ³Df j™– t:l>M=> e‡ jYFq=Ff
A³><©d }yE t:l>M=> e‡ ’yXTrVf ’= «Ti• FT;ªc
ß „=FP{ {go• ¡OhVf FO= «Ti• {FXŸ=> >M~ †>DŸVP> Insufficient Memory A„r•:‹=> „hY:f ³FO-d à
Í %
jXŠ‹V=> †F¿; }=ª tvgUy= †DŸViz &/* A„r•:‹=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUf
Í 2&
jTU= †DŸViz 'lear 'M/* :„=FP{ {go• ˜OY ˜Y Ï„r•:‹=> „hY:f •Y ³FoV;w> DUf
À ?ress F$ to continue or &%2 to setup À
Í F
‰=> „r•:š „hY:™= †DŸViz BI/* ‰=> mFTk•{gh=d †>DŸVPFf BI/* “YF;:f e‡ „VX™T=> mFTk•{gh=ž> •E F¯gE e=Fr=>
Award Flash A
“YF;:f e‡ „VX™T=> mFTk•{gh=ž> ¼X™ƒVf «Tiz w eV=> †ž> mFngy=> •Uf ˜Y {FXŸ=> >M~ †>DŸVP> }=ª ³ghy=> pV• Award
Flash A„hY:™=> „XyTE †FTz¦
Í 'K*
(
163 )
‰=> }yE ‚g…ry= †DŸViz 'hecsum ˆ:‹E ŒP p–{ t{g¥ e‡ Ä:Uz eV=>c Ï .exadecimal A
Í 'K*xxxx
‰=> „;{FGT= †DŸViz 'hecsum ‰=> xyTf „¥FŸ=> BI/* „TXG=Ff xxxxh Í {FXŸ=> †>DŸVPFf FoXyE j…r; eV=> 'K* Ï
:„=FP{ Ä:U• •XVTXG=> ¼fFƒz †DE „=Fn e‡c
À 0he program fileRs part number does not match with your system ÀÃ
“YF;:™= ²ƒŸ=> juFP{ Award Flash
à Insufficient Memory ß
m>{FXN ›gqz FYDOE „=FP:=> LM~ :o¿z *ystem BI/* 'acheable c +ideo BI/* 'acheable ˜¯g=> e‡
%nabled ‰=Ff „ƒ™z:T=> m>{FXŸ=> ›gqz FYDOE ¢=Mlc Ï *hadow ˜¯g=> e‡ %nabled ¡™if „=FP:=> LM~ :o¿z D– FTl A
‰f ºc:UT=>c ¢Pv v{Fo=> sŠ¯ t{>vª “YF;:f jXTrz dr"spaceAbin t:l>M=> e‡ 1AM AjXŠ‹V=> ³Df DOE
Í {FXN †>DŸVPFf „yq‹T=> LM~ ÁSE •qT•c 0iny A
à 0he ?rogram FileÝs ?art 9umber &oes 9ot Match With Øour *ystem ß
‰=> ›gq• FYDOE „=FP:=> LM~ :o¿z BI/* A†ž> „ngy= ¡PFOY :X½ „r•:‹=> }yE ’VhY:f ‚cFrz ˆM=>
‰=> xyY }yE ‚g…r=Ff „yq‹T=> LM~ ÁSE •qT•c BI/* A’f „r•:‹=> „hY:fc «Xr…=>
„¿nSY
Í {FXŸ=> †>DŸVP> „=Fn e‡ ?y „XG‡>gV=> Žr‡ pV• w 'ompatibility 'hec Dl²V=> ¡h• ¢=M= Ï’VhY:™f †gGz ˆM=> xyTy=
‰=> „hY:™f †gGz ¢;d •Y FTu>v BI/* «Xr…=>
à 4nnown 0ype Flash ß
:•XVXz£> •XV=Fr=> e‡ „=FP:=> LM~ :o¿z
„r•:š „hY:f „=cFrY DOE Flash 1/M †>DŸVPFf „hY:™=> pEDz $(+ cd _+ AŒ=g•=> >M~ pEDz w †d „ng= }yE
„r•:š ›gqz FYDOE Flash 1/M A„•=Fz FoVhY:™f †gGz eV=>
à ?rogram 'hip Failed ß
„r•:š „hY:f ³FO-d tvFE „=FP:=> LM~ :o¿z Flash 1/M g; •Y Intel (]F33$ ‰=> ›d „=FP:=> LM~ {go• ¡™Pc A
Boot Bloc †DŸViT=> Œ=g•=> •E xyVŸY Œ=g‡ †>DŸVPFf wª ’VhY:f ˜OT• „•FTr=> •Y g; ’XyE „r•:‹=> LMof §FŸ=>
A„r•:‹=> e–Ff „hY:™=
•YFŸ=> ³<h=>
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f ‚FTVl> †DE BI/* ’©SE „X•Xlc
‰=> ›d ¢=| •E “VO•c Ï„r•:‹=> „hY:f ³FO-d ef:oq=> {FXVy= e¿r= FƒG;w „hXV; ¡XU=> >M~ ²‹O• BI/* vg©gT=> ey¥ž>
‰=> ›Fl >|ªb FXu<© cd FXyl ’riY pz D– ›gq• „r•:‹=> }yE Boot Bloc ‰=> FTOXf W’VhY:f tvFEª pVz p= BI/* p= D•Dh=>
AjYFq=Ff „r•:‹=> }yE ’VfFVl pV•
‰=> ›Fl >|ª Boot Bloc ‰=> „r•:š †>DŸVPFf •Foh=> jXŠ‹z •qT• ’;°‡ Ï’VhY:f tvFEª pVz p= ey¥ž> BI/* pVz p= eV=>
‰=> «TiXP ¬Xn ÏjYFq=Ff FoVhY:f Boot Bloc tvFE¦ ºFl ’Oq=c „•FŠy= vcDrY {g¹ e‡ •Foh=> jXŠ‹Vf FoXyE vg©gT=>
A„r•:‹=> „hY:f
‰=> ›Fl >|ª FTE ‚wDVPw> •qT• Boot Bloc •Foh=> jXŠ‹z tvFE°f w cd FTXyP 1eset A„šF‹=> }yE :o¿• FY „¿nSYc
‰=> ›Fl >|°‡ Boot Bloc :„X=FV=> „=FP:=> :o¿VP ÏFTXyP
Award BootBloc BI/* "$A3 'opyright á $ZZ]5 Award *oftware5 IncA BI/* 1/M checsum
error &etecting floppy dri"e A media ¤
Ä:E „–Fƒf †>DŸVP> „šF‹=> }yE „=FP:=> LM~ {go¿= Å:V‹•c &isplay 'ard g; •Y I*A jXŠ‹z „=FrVPw ¢=|c
g; •Y Ä:E mF–Fƒf ?'I cd AG? ‰=> jXŠ‹z ›cDf 'hipset „r•:š •qz p=FY ’-cDn •qT• w FY g~c „YFz t{g…f
‰=> BI/* A„TXyP t{g…f „hY:™Y
(
163 )
g; •Y Ä:U=> mF–Fƒf •Y :Xkq=> ›d Ông= I*A ‰=> ›Fl >|ª }Vn „šF‹=> }yE „GfFi=> „=FP:=> Ä:Uf †gGz w Boot
Bloc Ä:E „–Fƒf †>DŸVPFf «…O• Ï“uFVO=> j€‡d }yE ‚g…ryy‡ ¢=M= AFTXyP I*A g; •Y 'irrus 2ogic '2#
G&_@(( A
g; •Y Ä:U=> mF–Fƒf pEDz w WFoOY „k•Dr=> m>M=Ffcb †ž> mFngy=> •Uf I*A •qT• „yq‹T=> LM~ }yE ¡yŠVy=c Ï
‰=> „r•:š „hY:f tvFE¦ Fon:š ¼™P eV=> „XqXzFYgzcž> „G•:ƒ=Ff „;FUVP¦> BI/* Ä:U=> †F¿; jXŠ‹z }=ª „©Fr=> ›cDf
&isplay *ystem A
‰=> ›gq• mwFr=> •Uf e‡ Boot Bloc ‰=> †>DŸVPFf ¢= «Ti• w ¢=| ˜Yc Ï„šF‹=> }yE „GfFi=> „=FP:=> Ä:Uzc FTXyP
Floppy &ri"e „–Fƒf †>DŸVP> †<y• „=Fr=> LM~ e‡ A I&% g; •Y I*A ‰=> jX¥gzc Floppy &ri"e •qTV; }Vn Fof
A’Y>DŸVP> •Y
„l:š j™– •Y „UO…T=> †ž> mFngy=> •Uf Intel ‰f tvc<Y ›gqz Iumper }Ti• Flash 1eco"ery ‰=> >M~ s™¯ A
Iumper ˜¯c }yE 1eco"ery ‰=> †>DŸVPFf ¢= «TiXP Boot Bloc ‰=> „r•:š „hY:f j‹‡ „=Fn e‡ •Foh=> jXŠ‹V=
BI/* A
g; •Y †ž> mFngy=> mS•vgY •Uf †DŸViz Gigabyte „XOGz &ual BI/* eVr•:‹f †ž> „ngy=> vc<z ¬Xn Ï BI/* A
„hY:™= „TXyi=> „r•:‹=> †>DŸVP> •qT• FTl Ï—:Nž> „r•:‹=> „ƒP>gf †ž> „ngy=> jXŠ‹z •qYd F~>Dn¦ „yq‹Y Œ-Dn >|°‡
A—:Nž> „r•:‹=>
g; •Y †ž> mFngy=> mS•vgY •Uf †DŸViz 'haintec „XOGVf „oX™š „XOGz &ual BI/* }Tiz 0winBI/* A
‰=> •q• p= >|ª Boot Bloc ‰=> „r•:š e‡ BI/* LM~ †>DŸVPFf •Foh=> jXŠ‹z ¢OqT• •y‡ ÏFTXyP FoVhY:f jTVqz p= eV=>
‰=> t:u>v ‚FTUVP> }=ª ²hyOP „=Fr=> LM~ e‡c A„r•:‹=> I'#Flasher A„r•:‹=> „hY:f tvFE¦
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تمت ىلع ةكرب لا
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JوVا ¿- ة-اي~ LAPTOP ~ارتح\ب
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Position power installation Zip zD Measurement Dayut Measuring the same measure Aldioat Resistors

This resistance found in electrical appliances of all kinds and a few When found in Almadhir has Bord where Balshakl the following Resistors chebbakia Aleneturk see

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