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Question 1

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____ of information is the quality or state of being genuine or original. Answer Selected Answer: 1. Authenticity

Question 2
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The rst phase of risk management is ____. Answer Selected Answer: 3. risk identication

Question 3
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Complete loss of power for a moment is known as a ____. Answer Selected Answer: 2. fault

Question 4
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During the ____ phase, specic technologies are selected to support the alternatives identied and evaluated in the logical design. Answer Selected Answer: 4. physical design

Question 5

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Which of the following acts is also widely known as the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act? Answer Selected Answer: 1. Financial Services Modernization Act

Question 6
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____ attempts to prevent trade secrets from being illegally shared. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Economic Espionage Act

Question 7
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There are individuals who search trash and recycling a practice known as ____ to retrieve information that could embarrass a company or compromise information security. Answer Selected Answer: 3. dumpster diving

Question 8
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The ____ security policy is a planning document that outlines the process of implementing security in the organization. Answer Selected Answer: 4. program

Question 9
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Risk ____ denes the quantity and nature of risk that organizations are willing to accept as they evaluate the tradeoffs between perfect security and unlimited accessibility. Answer Selected Answer: 3. appetite

Question 10
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In a(n) ____, each information asset is assigned a score for each of a set of assigned critical factor. Answer Selected Answer: 1. weighted factor analysis

Question 11
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The military uses a ____-level classication scheme. Answer Selected Answer: 4. ve

Question 12
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____ is an integrated system of software, encryption methodologies, and legal agreements that can be used to support the entire information infrastructure of an organization. Answer Selected Answer: 3. PKI

Question 13
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As frustrating as viruses and worms are, perhaps more time and money is spent on resolving virus ____. Answer Selected Answer: 1. hoaxes

As frustrating as viruses and worms are, perhaps more time and money is spent on resolving virus ____. Answer Selected Answer: 1. hoaxes

Question 14
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____ plans usually include all preparations for the recovery process, strategies to limit losses during the disaster, and detailed steps to follow when the smoke clears, the dust settles, or the oodwaters recede. Answer Selected Answer: 1. DR

Question 15
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The ____ strategy is the choice to do nothing to protect a vulnerability and to accept the outcome of its exploitation. Answer Selected Answer: 3. accept control

Question 16
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____ law comprises a wide variety of laws that govern a nation or state. Answer Selected Answer: 4. Criminal

Question 17
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The ____ of 1999 provides guidance on the use of encryption and provides protection from government intervention. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Security and Freedom through Encryption Act

The ____ of 1999 provides guidance on the use of encryption and provides protection from government intervention. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Security and Freedom through Encryption Act

Question 18
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____ are software programs that hide their true nature, and reveal their designed behavior only when activated. Answer Selected Answer: 3. Trojan horses

Question 19
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A ____ is an attack in which a coordinated stream of requests is launched against a target from many locations at the same time. Answer Selected Answer: 2. distributed denial-of-service

Question 20
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There are generally two skill levels among hackers: expert and ____. Answer Selected Answer: 1. novice

Question 21
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What is the subject of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act? Answer Selected Answer: 3. Financial Reporting

What is the subject of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act? Answer Selected Answer: 3. Financial Reporting

Question 22
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The actions an organization can and perhaps should take while an incident is in progress should be specied in a document called the ____ plan. Answer Selected Answer: 1. IR

Question 23
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____ is simply how often you expect a specic type of attack to occur. Answer Selected Answer: 4. ARO

Question 24
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The ____ data le contains the hashed representation of the users password. Answer Selected Answer: 2. SAM

Question 25
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4-1-9 fraud is an example of a ____ attack. Answer Selected Answer: 2. social engineering

4-1-9 fraud is an example of a ____ attack. Answer Selected Answer: 2. social engineering

Question 26
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A computer is the ____ of an attack when it is used to conduct the attack. Answer Selected Answer: 1. subject

Question 27
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The formal decision making process used when considering the economic feasibility of implementing information security controls and safeguards is called a(n) ____. Answer Selected Answer: 4. CBA

Question 28
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Individuals with authorization and privileges to manage information within the organization are most likely to cause harm or damage ____. Answer Selected Answer: 1. by accident

Question 29
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Acts of ____ can lead to unauthorized real or virtual actions that enable information gatherers to enter premises or systems they have not been authorized to enter. Answer Selected Answer: 3. trespass

Acts of ____ can lead to unauthorized real or virtual actions that enable information gatherers to enter premises or systems they have not been authorized to enter. Answer Selected Answer: 3. trespass

Question 30
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Which of the following is a valid type of data ownership? Answer Selected Answer: 1. All of the above

Question 31
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____ security addresses the issues necessary to protect the tangible items, objects, or areas of an organization from unauthorized access and misuse. Answer Selected Answer: 1. Physical

Question 32
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Which of the following acts is a collection of statutes that regulate the interception of wire, electronic, and oral communications? Answer Selected Answer: 3. Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Question 33
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Which of the following countries reported generally intolerant attitudes toward personal use of organizational computing resources? Answer Selected Answer: 3. Singapore

Which of the following countries reported generally intolerant attitudes toward personal use of organizational computing resources? Answer Selected Answer: 3. Singapore

Question 34
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According to the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act of 1996, the severity of the penalty for computer crimes depends on the value of the information obtained and whether the offense is judged to have been committed for each of the following except ____. Answer Selected Answer: 4. to harass

Question 35
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The concept of competitive ____ refers to falling behind the competition. Answer Selected Answer: 1. disadvantage

Question 36
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The ____ strategy attempts to shift risk to other assets, other processes, or other organizations. Answer Selected Answer: 2. transfer control

Question 37
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In the well-known ____ attack, an attacker monitors (or sniffs) packets from the network, modies them, and inserts them back into the network. Answer Selected Answer: 1. man-in-the-middle

In the well-known ____ attack, an attacker monitors (or sniffs) packets from the network, modies them, and inserts them back into the network. Answer Selected Answer: 1. man-in-the-middle

Question 38
1 out of 1 points

What is the subject of the Computer Security Act? Answer Selected Answer: 2. Federal Agency Information Security

Question 39
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A(n) ____ is an authorization issued by an organization for the repair, modication, or update of a piece of equipment. Answer Selected Answer: 4. FCO

Question 40
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The Computer ____ and Abuse Act of 1986 is the cornerstone of many computer-related federal laws and enforcement efforts. Answer Selected Answer: 3. Fraud

Question 41
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The ____ Portability and Accountability Act Of 1996, also known as the Kennedy-Kassebaum Act, protects the condentiality and security of health care data by establishing and enforcing standards and by standardizing electronic data interchange. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Health Insurance

The ____ Portability and Accountability Act Of 1996, also known as the Kennedy-Kassebaum Act, protects the condentiality and security of health care data by establishing and enforcing standards and by standardizing electronic data interchange. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Health Insurance

Question 42
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Web hosting services are usually arranged with an agreement providing minimum service levels known as a(n) ____. Answer Selected Answer: 3. SLA

Question 43
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____ feasibility analysis examines user acceptance and support, management acceptance and support, and the overall requirements of the organizations stakeholders. Answer Selected Answer: 1. Operational

Question 44
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When organizations adopt levels of security for a legal defense, they may need to show that they have done what any prudent organization would do in similar circumstances. This is referred to as a(n) ____. Answer Selected Answer: 1. standard of due care

Question 45
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____ are machines that are directed remotely (usually by a transmitted command) by the attacker to participate in an attack. Answer Selected Answer: 3. Zombies

____ are machines that are directed remotely (usually by a transmitted command) by the attacker to participate in an attack. Answer Selected Answer: 3. Zombies

Question 46
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Many corporations use a ____ to help secure the condentiality and integrity of information. Answer Selected Answer: 2. data classication scheme

Question 47
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Which of the following acts denes and formalizes laws to counter threats from computer related acts and offenses? Answer Selected Answer: 3. Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Question 48
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The ____ strategy attempts to prevent the exploitation of the vulnerability. Answer Selected Answer: 2. defend control

Question 49
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Which of the following functions does information security perform for an organization? Answer Selected Answer: 1. All of the above.

Which of the following functions does information security perform for an organization? Answer Selected Answer: 1. All of the above.

Question 50
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____ policies address the particular use of certain systems. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Systems-specic

Question 51
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The ____ hijacking attack uses IP spoong to enable an attacker to impersonate another entity on the network. Answer Selected Answer: 4. TCP

Question 52
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Which of the following is an example of a Trojan horse program? Answer Selected Answer: 2. Happy99.exe

Question 53
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The ____ is a methodology for the design and implementation of an information system in an organization. Answer Selected Answer: 2. SDLC

Question 54
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____ equals likelihood of vulnerability occurrence times value (or impact) minus percentage risk already controlled plus an element of uncertainty. Answer Selected Answer: 4. Risk

Question 55
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The most successful kind of top-down approach involves a formal development strategy referred to as a ____. Answer Selected Answer: 2. systems development life cycle

Question 56
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____ denes stiffer penalties for prosecution of terrorist crimes. Answer Selected Answer: 3. USA Patriot Act

Question 57
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Part of the logical design phase of the SecSDLC is planning for partial or catastrophic loss. ____ dictates what steps are taken when an attack occurs. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Incident response

Question 58
1 out of 1 points

____ was the rst operating system to integrate security as its core functions. Answer Selected Answer: 3. MULTICS

Question 59
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The Privacy of Customer Information Section of the common carrier regulation states that any proprietary information shall be used explicitly for providing services, and not for any ____ purposes. Answer Selected Answer: 2. marketing

Question 60
1 out of 1 points

____ is any technology that aids in gathering information about a person or organization without their knowledge. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Spyware

Question 61
1 out of 1 points

The National Information Infrastructure Protection Act of 1996 modied which Act? Answer Selected Answer: 2. Computer Fraud and Abuse Act

Question 62
1 out of 1 points

An information system is the entire set of ____, people, procedures, and networks that make possible the use of information resources in the organization. Answer Selected Answer: 3. All of the above

Question 63
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____ addresses are sometimes called electronic serial numbers or hardware addresses. Answer Selected Answer: 1. MAC

Question 64
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People with the primary responsibility for administering the systems that house the information used by the organization perform the ____ role. Answer Selected Answer: 1. system administrators

Question 65
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Organizations are moving toward more ____-focused development approaches, seeking to improve not only the functionality of the systems they have in place, but consumer condence in their product. Answer Selected Answer: 4. security

Question 66
1 out of 1 points

In the U.S. military classication scheme, ____ data is any information or material the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause damage to the national security. Answer Selected Answer: 4. condential

Question 67
1 out of 1 points

One form of online vandalism is ____ operations, which interfere with or disrupt systems to protest the operations, policies, or actions of an organization or government agency. Answer Selected Answer: 3. hacktivist

Question 68
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Management of classied data includes its storage and ____. Answer Selected Answer: 2. All of the above

Question 69
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The ____ security policy is an executive-level document that outlines the organizations approach and attitude towards information security and relates the strategic value of information security within the organization. Answer Selected Answer: 1. general

Question 70
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Laws and policies and their associated penalties only deter if which of the following conditions is present? Answer Selected Answer: 2. All of the above

Question 71
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Microsoft acknowledged that if you type a res:// URL (a Microsoft-devised type of URL) which is longer than ____ characters in Internet Explorer 4.0, the browser will crash. Answer Selected Answer: 3. 256

Question 72
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According to Mark Pollitt, ____ is the premeditated, politically motivated attacks against information, computer systems, computer programs, and data which result in violence against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents. Answer Selected Answer: 4. cyberterrorism

Question 73
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____ is the predecessor to the Internet. Answer Selected Answer: 4. ARPANET

Question 74
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____ law regulates the structure and administration of government agencies and their relationships with citizens, employees, and other governments. Answer Selected Answer: 2. Public

Question 75
1 out of 1 points

In a ____ attack, the attacker sends a large number of connection or information requests to a target. Answer Selected Answer: 1. denial-of-service

Question 76
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____ presents a comprehensive information security model and has become a widely accepted evaluation standard for the security of information systems. Answer Selected Answer: 3. NSTISSI No. 4011

Question 77
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The Council of Europe adopted the Convention of Cybercrime in ____. Answer Selected Answer: 3. 2001

Question 78
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The ____ model consists of six general phases. Answer Selected Answer: 4. waterfall

Question 79
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The ____ is the individual primarily responsible for the assessment, management, and implementation of information security in the organization. Answer Selected Answer: 4. CISO

Question 80
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Criminal or unethical ____ goes to the state of mind of the individual performing the act. Answer Selected Answer: 4. intent

Question 81
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In le hashing, a le is read by a special algorithm that uses the value of the bits in the le to compute a single large number called a ____ value. Answer Selected Answer: 2. hash

Question 82

1 out of 1 points

Which of the following phases is the longest and most expensive phase of the systems development life cycle? Answer Selected Answer: 4. maintenance and change

Question 83
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A(n) ____ attack is a hacker using a personal computer to break into a system. Answer Selected Answer: 4. direct

Question 84
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A famous study entitled Protection Analysis: Final Report was published in ____. Answer Selected Answer: 3. 1978

Question 85
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Risk ____ is the application of controls to reduce the risks to an organizations data and information systems. Answer Selected Answer: 1. control

Question 86
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Risk control is the application of controls to reduce the risks to an organizations data and information systems. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 87
1 out of 1 points

A data custodian works directly with data owners and is responsible for the storage, maintenance, and protection of the information. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 88
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Once the organizational threats have been identied, an assets identication process is undertaken. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 89
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Due care requires that an organization make a valid effort to protect others and continually maintain this level of effort. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 90
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Eliminating a threat is an impossible proposition. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 91
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Identifying human resources, documentation, and data information assets of an organization is less difcult than identifying hardware and software assets. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 92
1 out of 1 points

Network security focuses on the protection of the details of a particular operation or series of activities. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 93
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The implementation phase is the longest and most expensive phase of the systems development life cycle (SDLC). Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 94
1 out of 1 points

The Department of Homeland Security is the only U.S. federal agency charged with the protection of American information resources and the investigation of threats to, or attacks on, the resources. Answer Selected Answer: 1.

The Department of Homeland Security is the only U.S. federal agency charged with the protection of American information resources and the investigation of threats to, or attacks on, the resources. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 95
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The results from risk assessment activities can be delivered in a number of ways: a report on a systematic approach to risk control, a project-based risk assessment, or a topic-specic risk assessment. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 96
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One problem with benchmarking is that there are many organizations that are identical. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 97
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A worm requires that another program is running before it can begin functioning. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 98
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Expert hackers are extremely talented individuals who usually devote lots of time and energy to attempting to break into other peoples information systems. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Expert hackers are extremely talented individuals who usually devote lots of time and energy to attempting to break into other peoples information systems. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 99
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Thirty-four countries have ratied the European Council Cyber-Crime Convention as of April 2010. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 100
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The value of information comes from the characteristics it possesses. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 101
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Information security safeguards the technology assets in use at the organization. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 102
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A worm can deposit copies of itself onto all Web servers that the infected system can reach, so that users who subsequently visit those sites become infected. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

A worm can deposit copies of itself onto all Web servers that the infected system can reach, so that users who subsequently visit those sites become infected. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 103
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Information security can be an absolute. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 104
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Best business practices are often called recommended practices. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 105
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When determining the relative importance of each asset, refer to the organizations mission statement or statement of objectives to determine which elements are essential, which are supportive, and which are merely adjuncts. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 106
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If you realize you do not know the enemy, you will gain an advantage in every battle." (Sun Tzu) Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

If you realize you do not know the enemy, you will gain an advantage in every battle." (Sun Tzu) Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 107
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The roles of information security professionals are aligned with the goals and mission of the information security community of interest. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 108
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Information security managers and technicians are the creators of information. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 109
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Studies have reported that the Pacic Rim countries of Singapore and Hong Kong are hotbeds of software piracy. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 110
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An e-mail virus involves sending an e-mail message with a modied eld. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

An e-mail virus involves sending an e-mail message with a modied eld. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 111
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You should adopt naming standards that do not convey information to potential system attackers. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 112
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A champion is a project manager, who may be a departmental line manager or staff unit manager, and understands project management, personnel management, and information security technical requirements. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 113
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DHS is made up of three directorates. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 114
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The bottom-up approach to information security has a higher probability of success than the topdown approach. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

The bottom-up approach to information security has a higher probability of success than the topdown approach. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 115
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The NSA is responsible for signal intelligence and information system security. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 116
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DoS attacks cannot be launched against routers. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 117
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A rewall is a mechanism that keeps certain kinds of network trafc out of a private network. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 118
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The difference between a policy and a law is that ignorance of a law is an acceptable defense. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

The difference between a policy and a law is that ignorance of a law is an acceptable defense. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 119
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Metrics-based measures are generally less focused on numbers and more strategic than processbased measures. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 120
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Protocols are activities performed within the organization to improve security. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 121
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Some argue that it is virtually impossible to determine the true value of information and information-bearing assets. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 122
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Compared to Web site defacement, vandalism within a network is less malicious in intent and more public. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Compared to Web site defacement, vandalism within a network is less malicious in intent and more public. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 123
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Forces of nature, force majeure, or acts of God can present some of the most dangerous threats, because they are usually occur with very little warning and are beyond the control of people. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 124
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Using a methodology increases the probability of success. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 125
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Leaving unattended computers on is one of the top information security mistakes made by individuals. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 126
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There are four general causes of unethical and illegal behavior. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 127
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When a computer is the subject of an attack, it is the entity being attacked. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 128
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The key difference between laws and ethics is that ethics carry the authority of a governing body and laws do not. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 129
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Know yourself means identifying, examining, and understanding the threats facing the organization. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 130
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With electronic information is stolen, the crime is readily apparent. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 131

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Individuals with authorization and privileges to manage information within the organization are most likely to cause harm or damage by accident. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 132
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Cultural differences can make it easy to determine what is and is not ethicalespecially when it comes to the use of computers. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 133
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Every organization should have the collective will and budget to manage every threat by applying controls. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 134
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A certicate authority should actually be categorized as a software security component. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 135
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The Information Systems Security Association (ISSA) is a nonprot society of information security professionals whose primary mission is to bring together qualied information security practitioners for information exchange and educational development. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 136
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The amount of money spent to protect an asset is based in part on the value of the asset. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 137
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Comprehensive means that an information asset should t in only one category. Answer Selected Answer: 1. False

Question 138
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A sniffer program shows all the data going by on a network segment including passwords, the data inside lessuch as word-processing documentsand screens full of sensitive data from applications. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 139
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A timing attack involves the interception of cryptographic elements to determine keys and encryption algorithms. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 140
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Examples of exceptionally grave damage include armed hostilities against the United States or its allies and disruption of foreign relations vitally affecting the national security. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 141
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Studies on ethics and computer use reveal that people of different nationalities have different perspectives; difculties arise when one nationalitys ethical behavior violates the ethics of another national group. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 142
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A breach of possession always results in a breach of condentiality. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 143
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An act of theft performed by a hacker falls into the category of theft, but is also often accompanied by defacement actions to delay discovery and thus may also be placed within the category of forces of nature. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 144
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The Clipper Chip can be used to monitor or track private communications. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 145
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With the removal of copyright protection, software can be easily distributed and installed. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 146
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If every vulnerability identied in the organization is handled through mitigation, it may reect an inability to conduct proactive security activities and an apathetic approach to security in general. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 147
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Organizations should communicate with system users throughout the development of the security program, letting them know that change are coming. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Organizations should communicate with system users throughout the development of the security program, letting them know that change are coming. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True

Question 148
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Applications systems developed within the framework of the traditional SDLC are designed to anticipate a software attack that requires some degree of application reconstruction. Answer Selected Answer: 2. False

Question 149
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Organizations can use dictionaries to disallow passwords during the reset process and thus guard against easy-to-guess passwords. Answer Selected Answer: 1. True

Question 150
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Established in January 2001, the National InfraGard Program began as a cooperative effort between the FBIs Cleveland Field Ofce and local technology professionals. Answer Selected Answer: 2. True