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IFHO Optimization

Radio Network Optimization Cairo team

Agenda :
Handover Procedures Compressed Mode Compressed Mode Events IFHO (Event 2b) Examples Proposed Values for Trial Recommendations

Handover Procedures
For Handover to be executed , there are some procedures that handover have to go through. These procedures can be summarized in 3 phases :

Measurements

RNC

Evaluation

RNC

Execution

Handover Procedures
Specifies the rules that control UE Measurements

1. Cells Triggered the event Synch. Info


Admisssion CTRL

2. Active Set EC/N0

Code Allocation

Power CTRL

Compressed Mode

When degradation happens to 3G Signal , UTRAN looks forward to check inter Frequency neighbors if they can Survive the Call . UE inters Compressed Mode in order to perform Measurements on Other Frequency Cells

What are Compressed Mode Properties ?


transmission and reception are stopped for a short time and inter frequency measurements are then performed on other frequency or RAT, After the time is over the transmission and reception resumes. To make sure that the data is not lost, the data is compressed in the frame making empty space where measurements can be performed

Compressed Mode methods ?


1. 2. Spread Factor /2 : SF is reduced by 2 so the same amount of data can be transmitted in half the time Higher Layer Scheduling : with respect to Compressed mode schedule , HLS will decrease the bit rate for Compressed mode frames .

Compressed Mode Events


Continuously , Connection Quality is monitored by RNC on both UL (Event 6d) and DL (2d Event) If Event 2d OR Event 6d was Triggered , Then Compressed Mode Entered

Event 2d Compressed Mode Entered Event 6d

1. Event 2d : Measured Ecno < usedFreqThresh2dEcno + serviceOffset2dEcno OR Measured RSCP < usedFreqThresh2dRSCP + serviceOffset2dRSCP
2. Event 6d : Measured UE TX Power = maxTxPowerUl Note: ( serviceOffset2d ) used to have different 2dThreshold / RAB .

Compressed Mode Events


During Compressed Mode the Connection quality is still under Monitoring if it recovers back so , if Event 2f (DL) and Event 6b (UL) were Triggered , Then Compressed Mode Exit

1.

Event 2f Measured Ecno

>

Measured RSCP
2.

>

usedFreqThresh2dEcno+serviceOffset2dEcno +usedFreqRelThresh2fEcno AND usedFreqThresh2dRscp +serviceOffset2dRscp +usedFreqRelThresh2fRscp ueTxPowerThresh6b

Event 6b Measured UE TX Power <

Note That: All Conditions were Checked before Compressed Mode Exit .

Compressed Mode Events


2d Event 2f Event

To avoid Ping Pong effects , both of Time To Trigger & Hysteresis Parameters are defined . TimeToTrigger2dEcn0 , TimeToTrigger2fEcn0, TimeToTrigger2dRscp , TimeToTrigger2fRscp , TimeToTrigger6d , TimeToTrigger6b. Used FreqThresh2dEcn0,UsedFreqThresh2fEcno , UsedFrequencyThresh2dRscp , UsedFrequencyThresh2dRscp , UsedFreqThresh6b

IFHO Event (2b)


In Case that , UE has entered Compressed Mode AND Connection Quality hasnt recovered but Continued degradation Then,
Hotype : IRAT_PREFFERED Hotype : IFHO_PREFFERED

IRAT HO (Event 3a) Attempted

IFHO (Event 2b) Attempted < OR usedFreqThresh2dEcno + serviceOffset2dEcno +UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bEcno usedFreqThresh2dRSCP + serviceOffset2dRscp +UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bRscp OR

Event 2b : Measured Ecn0

Measured RSCP

<

usedFreqThresh2dRSCP + serviceOffset2dRscp +UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bRscp + utranRelThreshRscp For IFHO to be executed , the following Conditions on F2 Cell should be satisfied F2 Cell Measured Rscp > NonUsedFreqThresh4_2bRscp + serviceOffset2dRscp F2 Cell Measured Ecn0 > NonUsedFreqThresh4_2bEcno+serviceOffset2dEcno

Measured RSCP

<

Examples - 1
Assume that : NonUsedFreqThresh4_2bRscp = -95 NonUsedFreqThresh4_2bEcno = - 9

hotype : IFHO_PREFFERED

Rscp= -97 usedFreqThresh2dRSCP = -97 Then,Compressed Mode Entered Rscp= -100 UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bRscp = -3 Then ,Event 2b is Triggered Rscp= -94 usedFreqRelThresh2fRscp = 3 Then, Compressed Mode Exit

If IEF Neighbour Rscp > -95 AND Its IEF Neighbour Ecn0 > -9 Then IFHO will be executed

The above example , shows a 3G Signal that entered Compressed mode due to bad RSCP and using parameters the example describes its alternatives ( Compressed Mode Exit and IFHO Execution )

Examples - 2
Assume that : NonUsedFreqThresh4_2bRscp = -95 NonUsedFreqThresh4_2bEcno = - 9

hotype : IFHO_PREFFERED

Ecn0= -12 usedFreqThresh2dEcn0 = -12 Then,Compressed Mode Entered Ecn0= -13 UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bEcn0 = -1 Then ,Event 2b is Triggered Ecn0= -10 usedFreqRelThresh2fEcno = 2 Then, Compressed Mode Exit

If IEF Neighbour Rscp > -95 AND Its IEF Neighbour Ecn0 > -9 Then IFHO will be executed

The above example , shows a 3G Signal that entered Compressed mode due to bad Ecn0 and using parameters the example describes its alternatives ( Compressed Mode Exit and IFHO Execution )

Proposed Values for Trial : F1 f1 F2


Parameter hotype UsedFreqThresh2dEcn0 UsedFreqThresh2dRscp UsedFreqRelThresh2fEcn0 UsedFreqRelThresh2fRscp UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bRscp UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bEcn0 NonusedFreqThresh4_2bRscp NonusedFreqThresh4_2bEcn0 Example Value IFHO_PREFFERED - 12 -92 2 3 -3 -1 - 95 -9 hotype UsedFreqThresh2dEcn0 UsedFreqThresh2dRscp UsedFreqRelThresh2fEcn0 UsedFreqRelThresh2fRscp UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bRscp UsedFreqRelThresh4_2bEcn0 NonusedFreqThresh4_2bRscp NonusedFreqThresh4_2bEcn0 Parameter Example Value IFHO_PREFFERED - 12 -97 2 3 -3 -1 - 95 -9

Recommendations
For IFHO Optimization ,The following steps are recommended to be followed : 1. 2. 3. 4. Identify 2_nd Carrier Cells For 1_st Carrier , Identify border cells with 2_nd Carrier Cells . Define IEF Neighbor list (recommended to be small) With respect to field measurements , i. set Compressed Mode events (2d/2f) Thresholds ii. Set IFHO event (2b) Thresholds

Thank You !