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Pre-Calculus

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

d

Here is a graph of f (x) = sin(x) .

Remember, sin(x) is a special sinusoid where


a = 1, b = 1, c = 0, and d = 0. In general, the
equation for a sinusoid is f (x) = asin(bx + c) + d .


Your job will be to determine what happens to
the graph of f (x) = sin(x) if we change the value
of d.

Step 1: Pick a new, positive value for d: d = _________



Step 2: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 3: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.
x



Step 4: Graph the new function on the grid below.

(Notice that you will need to label the y-axis).

2





0



3 2



5 2




Step 5: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


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Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________


Step 6: Now, pick a new, negative value for d: d = _________

Step 7: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 8: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.
x



Step 9: Graph the new function on the grid below.

(Notice that you will need to label the y-axis).

2


0



3 2



5 2




Step 10: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


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Step 11: Create a rule that you can share with the rest of the class. In general, what does

the d value in the equation do?


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Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

c

Here is a graph of f (x) = sin(x) .

Remember, sin(x) is a special sinusoid where


a = 1, b = 1, c = 0, and d = 0. In general, the
equation for a sinusoid is f (x) = asin(bx + c) + d .


Your job will be to determine what happens to
the graph of f (x) = sin(x) if we change the value
of c.


Step 1: Pick a new, positive value for c. In theory, c can be any number that you wish>
that you pick a c value of either
However, in order to make things easier, I suggest

3
, , or
. Write your choice here: c = _________
2
2

Step 2: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 3: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.
x



Step 4: Graph the new function on the grid below.



2





0




3 2




5 2


Step 5: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________


Step 6: Now, pick a new, negative value for c. In order to see a pattern, take the c value that
you selected in Step 1 and make it negative: c = _________

Step 7: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 8: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.
x


Step 9: Graph the new function on the grid below.



2





0



3 2




5 2


Step 10: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Step 11: Create a rule that you can share with the rest of the class. In general, what does

the c value in the equation do?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

a

Here is a graph of f (x) = sin(x) .

Remember, sin(x) is a special sinusoid where


a = 1, b = 1, c = 0, and d = 0. In general, the
equation for a sinusoid is f (x) = asin(bx + c) + d .


Your job will be to determine what happens to
the graph of f (x) = sin(x) if we change the value
of a.


Step 1: Pick a new value for a, where a > 1: a
= _________

Step 2: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 3: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.

x

Step 4: Graph the new function
on the grid below.



(Notice that you will need to label the y-axis).


2





0



3 2



5 2



Step 5: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________


Step 6: Now, pick a new value for a, this time with 0<a<1: a = _________

Step 7: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 8: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.
x



Step 9: Graph the new function on the grid below.

(Notice that you will need to label the y-axis).

2


0



3 2



5 2




Step 10: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

Step 11: Pick one final value for a. This time, take the last number you set equal to a, and
make it negative: a = _________

Step 12: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 13: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.

x

Step 14: Graph the new function


on the grid below.



(Notice that you will need to label the y-axis).


2




0



3 2



5 2



Step 15: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?
(There are TWO important observations this time)


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________


Step 16: Create a rule that you can share with the rest of the class. In general, what does

the a value in the equation do?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

b

Here is a graph of f (x) = sin(x) .

Remember, sin(x) is a special sinusoid where


a = 1, b = 1, c = 0, and d = 0. In general, the
equation for a sinusoid is f (x) = asin(bx + c) + d .


Your job will be to determine what happens to
the graph of f (x) = sin(x) if we change the value
of b.


Step 1: Set b = .


Step 2: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 3: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.
x



Step 4: Graph the new function


on the grid below.

2





0




3 2




5 2


Step 5: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

Step 6: Now, set b = 2.



Step 7: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 8: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.

x

Step 9: Graph the new function


on the grid below.

2





4


0



3 4



5 4



3 2


Step 10: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

Pre-Calculus 2

Step 11: Pick one final value for b. This time, set b =

Name: ________________________________
Hour: ________ Assignment #________

1

2


Step 12: Write your new function: f (x) = ________________________

Step 13: Fill in the table to the right for your new function.

x

Step 14: Graph the new function


on the grid below.







2


0



3 2



5 2


Step 15: What do you notice? How does this graph differ from f (x) = sin(x) ?
(There are TWO important observations this time)


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________


Step 16: Create a rule that you can share with the rest of the class. In general, what does

the b value in the equation do?


_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

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