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Correction Physique 2a Bac Sc Physique Par SBIRO Abdelkrim Maroc

Correction Physique 2a Bac Sc Physique Par SBIRO Abdelkrim Maroc

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01/25/2014

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ُ١حشٌا ْاّحشٌا لا ُسب ت١ئا٠ض١فٌا ٍَٛؼٌا هٍسِ ت٠داؼٌا ةسٚذٌا ءا٠ض١فٌا عٛضِٛ ح١حصت 2013 ر .

ٚش١بسا ُ٠شىٌا ذبػ
ح١حصت ءا١ّ١ىٌا عٛضِٛ

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..

F
t I
e n
A
=
÷
.
) ( ٚ :
M
V
Cl V
Cl n
) (
) (
2
2
= غِ : ) (
2
) (
2
Cl n
e n
=
÷
إ٠ذٌ :
2
2 2 Cl e Cl ÷ +
÷ ÷
3 ) تٌداؼٌّا فصٔ يلخ ِٓ :
mL L Cl V 895 895 , 0
96500 . 2
60 80 5 , 1 24
) (
2
= =
×
× × ×
= ث . ع :
F
t I V
Cl V
M
. 2
. .
) (
2
A
= ذجٔ ِٕٗٚ :
F
t I
V
Cl V
M
. 2
. ) (
2
A
= ْرإ
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
) 1 - 1 ) ًػافتٌا َذمت يٚذج : II


B B
V C x .
max
= ذحٌّا ًػافتٌّا ٛ٘ : ِٕٗٚ :
3
NH ْإف ةشفٛب ًّؼتسِ ءاٌّا ْأ اّب
| |
| |
pH
pH
f
f
O H
HO
+ ÷
÷
÷
+
÷
÷
= = =
14
14
3
14
10
10
10 10
ءاٌٍّ ٟٔٛ٠لا ءاذجٌا يلخ ِٓٚ : | |
B
f
f
V
x
HO =
÷
إ٠ذٌ : يٚذجٌا يلخ ِٓ :

pH
B f
V x
+ ÷
=
14
10 . ِٕٗٚ :
B
f
V
x
pH + ÷
=
14
10 ْرإ :
دٚذحِ ًػافتٌا . 1 < t إ٠ذٌ : 03 , 0 028 , 0
10 . 2
10
2
14 74 , 10
~ = =
÷
÷
t ت . ع : t
B B
pH
B
f
V C
V
x
x
.
10 .
14
max
÷
= =
B
pH
C
14
10
÷
= ًػافتٌا َذمت تبسٔ
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..



7 , 5 =
E
pH تّ١ل ًّشت | | 8 , 6 2 , 5 ÷ 3 - 2 - 2 ) ٗفاغؼٔا تمغِٕ ْل يٕٛ١فٌا شّحأ ٛ٘ ةش٠اؼٌٍّ بسإٌّا ٌٍّْٛا فشاىٌا
……………………………………................ …………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
mL V
A
21 ~ كفاٛت ا١ٔا١بِ ٟ٘ٚ : mL pH 8
15
1
log 2 , 9 ~ + = :
| |
| |
15
1
4
3
=
+
NH
NH
غِ :
| |
| |
+
+ =
4
3
log
NH
NH
pK pH
A
4 - 2 - 2 ) إ٠ذٌ :
…………………………………………................... ……………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
ثاجٌّٛا :
1 ) 1 - 1 ) ت١جٌّٛا تؼ١بغٌا ٟ٘ دٛ١حٌا ةش٘اظ ا٘صشبت ٟتٌا ءٛضٌا تؼ١بع .
…………………………………………………………................……………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………..............…………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..

2 6
1 3
3
10 . 7
10 ). 2 8 (
10 ). 14 56 (
)
1
(
. . 2 m
m
m
a
L
D k
÷
÷
÷
=
÷
÷
=
A
A
= = ì غِ :
a
k L
1
× = ٞأ :
a
D
L
. . 2 ì
= 3 - 1 ) 1 - 3 - 1 ) إ٠ذٌ :
nm m
D
k
632 10 . 632
54 , 5 2
10 . 7
2
9
6
= ~
×
= =
÷
÷
ì ْرإ :
……………………………………………………………………................ …………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
eV
c
h h E 97 , 1
10 . 6 , 1 10 . 632
10 . 3
10 . 63 , 6 . .
19 9
8
34
=
×
× = = =
÷ ÷
÷
ì
u 2 - 3 - 1 ) ْٛتٛفٌا تلاع :
……………………………………………………………….............………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
. mm d 17 , 0
6
1
~ = ةشؼشٌا شغل : mm
d
6
1
= كفاٛت ا١ٔا١بِ mm L 42 ' = 2 )
……………………………………………………………..........…………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
ءابشٙىٌا :
1 ) 1 - 1 ) ت١ٌاتٌا غ٠شفتٌا ةساد ٍٝػ ًصحٔ سا١تٌا غعال قلغإ ذٕػ :


dt
du
C R
dt
u C d
R
dt
dq
R i R u
C C
R
. .
) . (
. . . = = = = إ٠ذٌٚ : 0 = +
C R
u u إ٠ذٌ ثاشتٛتٌا غ١ّجت ْٛٔال ك١بغتب : تٌداؼٌّا
ت١ٍضافتٌا تٌداؼٌّا . 0 . . = +
C
C
u
dt
du
C R ْرإ :
………………………………………………………………...................... ………………………………………………..……………………………………………………..
ت١ٍضافتٌا تٌداؼٌّا ٟف ض٠ٛؼتٌاب
t
t
t
m
c
e U
dt
t du
÷
÷ = .
1 ) (
ْرإ : 0 . . = +
C
C
u
dt
du
C R ت١ٍضافتٌا تٌداؼٌٍّ ًح :
t
t
m c
e U t u
÷
= . ) ( 2 - 1 )
C R. = t ذجٔ ِٕٗٚ : 0 1
.
= + ÷
t
C R
: 0 1
.
. . =
|
.
|

\
|
+ ÷
÷
t
t
C R
e U
t
m
ٞأ : 0 . . .
.
= + ÷
÷ ÷
t t
t
t
m
t
m
e U e U
C R

………………………………………………………………………………....................... ………………………………..……………………………………………………..
nF F
R
C 1 10
10
10
9
6
3
= = = =
÷
÷
t
ِٕٗٚ : ms 1 ~ t ا١ٔا١بِ : V U e U t u
m m c
925 , 0 37 , 0 . ) (
1
= = = =
÷
t 3 - 1 ) إ٠ذٌ :
………………………………………………………………………………...................... ………………………………..……………………………………………………..


2 ) 1 - 2 ) ٞسٚد ٗبش َاظٔ .
…………………………………………………………………………....................... ……………………………………..……………………………………………………..
2 - 2 ) ت١ٌاتٌا ةساذٌا ٍٝػ ًصحٔ سا١تٌا غعال قلغإ ذٕػ :


c
q
u
c
= ٚ :
2
2
dt
q d
dt
di
= ٚ :
dt
dq
i = غِ : 0 . . = + +
c
u
dt
di
L i r ٞأ : 0 = +
C L
u u إ٠ذٌ ثاشتٛتٌا غ١ّجت ْٛٔال ك١بغتب :
q تٕحشٌا اٙممحت ٟتٌا ت١ٍضافتٌا تٌداؼٌّا ٟ٘ٚ 0 .
.
1
. .
2
2
= + + q
c L dt
dq
L
r
dt
q d
ٞأ : 0 . .
2
2
= + +
c
q
dt
dq
r
dt
q d
L
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………....................... …..……………………………………………………..
3 - 2 )
ms T 2 , 0 = سٚذٌا ٗبش ا١ٔا١بِ :
H
C
T
L 1
10 . . 4
) 10 2 , 0 (
. . 4
9 2
2 3
2
2
~
×
= =
÷
÷
t t
ِٕٗٚ : C L T . . . 4
2 2
t = : C L T T
o
. . . 2 t = = إ٠ذٌٚ : C L T
o
. . . 2 t = صاخٌا سٚذٌا ش١بؼت :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..
ُ٘اذحإ ْٛىت اِذٕػ سٛغٌا ٟف غ١بشت ا تِذؼِٕ ٜشخلا ْٛىت ت٠ٛصل . ٍٝػ i(t) ٚ q(t) 4 - 2 ) ْأ ٍُؼٔ

C
q
E
e t
2
1
1 1
2
1
= = ç ةساذٌا تلاع ٌٟاتٌابٚ تِذؼِٕ سا١تٌا ةذش ْرإ ت٠ٛصل تٕحشٌا إ٠ذٌ : 0
1
= t تظحٌٍا ذٕػ
C
q
E
e t
2
2
2 2
2
1
= = ç ةساذٌا تلاع ٌٟاتٌابٚ تِذؼِٕ سا١تٌا ةذش ْرإ ت٠ٛصل تٕحشٌا إ٠ذٌ : T t 2
2
= تظحٌٍا ذٕػ
J
C
q q
Ee Ee
t J
9
9
2 9 2 9
2
1
2
2
1 2
10 . 125 , 1
10
) 10 . 5 , 2 ( ) 10 . 2 (
2
1 ) (
2
1
÷
÷
÷ ÷
÷ =
÷
=
÷
= ÷ = A = ç ç دذبٌّا تلاغٌا ة ةساذٌا ٟف يٛج يٛؼفّب :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..
3 ) 1 - 3 ) ءضجٌا سٚد 3 ٛ٘ ٓ١ّضتٌا تٌاصإ ت١ٍّػ ٟف : ةشّتسٌّا تبوشٌّا فزح .
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..

C L
f
o
. . . 2
1
1
t
= kHz Hz 7 , 151 151748
10 10 . 1 , 1 . . 2
1
9 3
~ =
×
=
÷ ÷
t
2 - 3 ) صاٙجٌا فشع ِٓ تغمتٌٍّا تجٌّٛا ددشت :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..

o
p
f
T
1
= ٚ :
s
s
f
T
1
= ،
2 2
.C R = t غِ :
s p
T T << << t 3 - 3 ) ٌٟاتٌا طششٌا كمحت٠ ْأ بج٠ ذ١ج فلغ فشو ٍٝػ يٛصحٌٍ :

9 3
2
9
10 . 7 , 4 10
1
10 . 7 , 4 151748
1
÷ ÷
×
<< <<
×
R ٞأ :
2
2
2
1 1
C f
R
C f
s o
×
<< <<
×
:
s o
f
C R
f
1
.
1
2 2
<< <<
ْرإ :
. O k 150 ، O k 1 ، O k 1 , 0 ثاِٚامٌّا ّٓض ِٓ ْرإ : O << << O k R k 213 4 , 1
2

. O k 150 ٟ٘ تّئلٌّا تّ١مٌا :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..
ه١ٔاى١ٌّا :
. t=0 ذٕػA 1 ) تسٚسذٌّا تػّٛجٌّا ( ةشىٌا ) تغمٌٕا ِٓ بػلٌا فشع ِٓ اٌٙاسسإ ذؼب
ًىشٌا شظٔا ظمف . P

اٙٔصٌٛ ةشىٌا غضخت ٜٛمٌا دشج :

G
a m P


. = ٓتٛ١ٌٕ ٟٔاثٌا ْٛٔامٌا ك١بغت :
oy ٛحٌّا ٍٝػ طامسلاب س ox ٛحٌّا ٍٝػ طامسلاب س

y
a m P . = ÷
x
a m. 0 =
g
dt
dv
y
÷ = ٞأ : g a
y
÷ =
te
x
C v = : 0 =
dt
dv
x
ٞأ : 0 . =
x
a
o sin . .
o y
v t g v + ÷ = o cos .
o x
v v = ذجٔ ت١ئذبٌا طٚششٌا يلخ ِٓٚ :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..
ذجٔ ثاللؼٌا ٖز٘ يلخ ِٓ : 4 . 10 + ÷ = t v
y
ْرإ : 10
4 , 0 0
0 4
÷ =
÷
÷
=
A
A
=
t
v
o غِ : 4 . + = t v
y
o ٚ : s m v
x
/ 13 = 2 ) جشختسٔ ْا١بٌّا يلخ ِٓ إ٠ذٌ
s m
v
v
x
o
/ 6 , 13
17 cos
13
cos
= = =
o
ٚ : ° ~ =
÷
17 )
13
4
( tan
1
o ِٕٗٚ :
13
4
tan = o : 4 sin . = o
o
v ٚ : 13 cos . = o
o
v
s m v v v
oy x o o
/ 6 , 13
2 2
= + = ْرإ : s m v
y
/ 4 = ٚ : s m v
x
/ 13 = إ٠ذٌ : 0 = t ٜشخأ تم٠شع : ذٕػ
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..

) .(coso
o
v
x
t = ْرإ : 0 =
o
x ْل : t v x
o
). .(coso = : o cos .
o
v
dt
dx
= 3 ) إ٠ذٌ :
H x
v
gx
y
o
+ + ÷ = o
o
tan .
cos .
2
1
2 2
2
ساسٌّا تٌداؼِ ِٕٗٚ H t v gt y
o
+ + ÷ = ). .(sin
2
1
2
o : o sin . .
o
v t g
dt
dy
+ ÷ = إ٠ذٌٚ :
6 , 2 . 3 , 0 . 03 , 0
2
+ + ÷ = x x y ٞأ : 6 , 2 17 tan .
17 cos . 6 , 13
. 10
2
1
2 2
2
+ + × ÷ = x
x
y ث . ع :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..

m x m 18 9 < < ٞأ : D d x d + < < 4 ) ُصخٌا ياجِ ٟف ةشىٌا ظمست ٟىٌ ٛ٘ٚ يٚلا طششٌا كمحت٠ ْأ بج٠ :
0 6 , 2 . 3 , 0 . 03 , 0
2
= + + ÷ x x ٞأ : 0 = y ةشىٌا طٛمس ذٕػ :
ٓىّ٠ ل 0
1
< x ، m x 6 , 15
03 , 0 2
402 , 0 3 , 0
2 , 1
~
× ÷
± ÷
= ٓ١ٍح نإ٘ : ٚ : 402 , 0 ) 6 , 2 03 , 0 4 ( 3 , 0
2
= × × ÷ ÷ = A
ُصخٌا ياجِ ٟف ظمستس ةشىٌا ٌٟاتٌابٚ شفٛتِ كباسٌا طششٌا . m x 6 , 15
2
~
d x = ي تبسٌٕاب : h y > تىبشٌا قٛف ةشىٌا شّت ٟىٌ بج٠ ْٛىت ْأ :
طششٌا 2 كمحتِ . m h 5 , 2 = ْل : h m d d y > = + × + × ÷ = + + ÷ = . 87 , 2 6 , 2 9 . 3 , 0 9 03 , 0 6 , 2 . 3 , 0 . 03 , 0
2 2
إ٠ذٌ :
ا ٟٔاثٌا ءضجٌ :
mJ E
m
9 = 1 ) ذجٔ ْا١بٌّا يلخ ِٓ :
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..
2 2
.
2
1
.
2
1
u u

A
+ = J c E
m
2 ) إ٠ذٌ ت١ؼجشٌّا تٌاحٌا سابتػاب :
s rad
J
E
m
/ 5 , 2
10 . 9 , 2
10 . 9 . 2 2
3
3
± ~
×
± = ± =
÷
÷
A
u

ِٕٗٚ :
2
.
2
1
u

A
= J E
m
ْرإ : 0 =
pt
E ، s t 5 , 0 = تظحٌٍا ذٕػ
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………..................... ……………………………………..

t
p
E W A ÷ = 3 ) ٌٍٟا تجٚدضِ ًغش :
mJ W 9 = ِٕٗٚ : mJ s E s E E
t
p
t
p pt
9 10 . 9 0 ) 0 ( ) 5 , 0 (
3
÷ = ÷ = ÷ = A
÷
غِ :
********************************************************************************************






SBIRO Abdelkrim Lycée agricole d’Oulad-Taima région d’Agadir royaume du Maroc
Pour toute observation contactez moi
Sbiabdou@yahoo.fr
ك١فٛتٌاٚ ْٛؼٌا ُىٌ لا ياسٔٚ ُىئاػد حٌاص ِٓ أٛسٕت ل .

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