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PrimeFactorizationMethodforFindingSquareRoots

Examples
WithaSquareRoot
WithoutaSquareRoot
Determinethesquarerootof196.
Determinethesquarerootof84.

84
196

2
2
98

42

2
2
21
2
2
49

3
2
7
2
7
7
2
2

Notice196=(2)(2)(7)(7)
Notice84=(2)(2)(3)(7)
Since there is an even number of prime factors and Although there is an even number of factors they
they can be grouped in identical pairs we know that cannot be grouped in identical pairs. Because of this
196hasasquarerootthatisawholenumber.
we conclude that 84 is not a perfect square and does
Takingonenumberfromeachpairandmultiplyingwe nothaveasquarerootthatisawholenumber.
get;
196 2 7 14

UsethePrimeFactorizationmethodtodecideifthesenumbersareperfectsquaresandtofindthesquareroots
ofthosethatareperfectsquares.
1.

225

2.

400

360

4.

484

396

6.

280

3.

5.