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Cypress Hills Metis Hunting Brigade Petition of 1878 for a Metis Reserve

History of the Cypress Hills Hunting Brigade The Petition of 1878 Biographies of the Petitioners

Cypress Hills Metis Hunting Brigade Petition of 1878 for a Metis Reserve History of the Cypress

An Occasional Paper of the Louis Riel Institute by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research June 2014

Cypress Hills Metis Hunting Brigade History

In 1878, the Half-Breeds living in the vicinity of Cypress Hills petitioned the government for their own reserve. This is a petition requested a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between November 14 th and February15th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land. The request was for a strip of land 150 miles long along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border, running west for 150 miles into Saskatchewan. This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north. The petition did not receive a favourable response.

At the time this petition was made for a reserve, south of the border, the Turtle Mountain Chippewa-Cree and Metis still did not have an agreement for their land base in North Dakota. The 1863 Old Crossing Treaty had dealt with land belonging to the Pembina Chippewa east of the Red River. As settlers moved into the Dakota Territory they became more anxious about their land. In 1882 this was still an issue for them and Chief Little Shell and 500 Metis had made an effort to get the settlers out of the Turtle Mountain area. It is noteworthy that a large number of Little Shell Band members, and councillors to Chief Little Shell were part of this hunting band and sighned the petition.

Although the Metis in the “postage stamp” province of Manitoba were to receive land for themselves and their children, this distribution had only just begun. There was now a movement and numerous petitions to secure Metis lands in the North West Territories.

Similarly the Saulteaux, Cree, Nakota and Metis buffalo hunters had been regularly gathering along the border at Cypress Hills then following the herds along the Milk River and down into the Judith Basin of Montana. These groups wanted a reserve in the Cypress Hills area but the government wanted to move them off the border and up to the Qu’Appelle Valley. Although the treaties had been signed by many groups their reserve lands had not been selected.

This meeting and petition was one of the last great assemblies of the Nehiyaw Pwat (literally Plains Cree-Nakota) alliance which was also known as the Iron Alliance. This was an historic polyethnic group comprised of Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwa (Chippewa), Metis, and Assiniboine (Nakoda or Stoney) peoples. 1 The Chippewa/Saulteaux, Cree, Nakota and Metis buffalo hunters had been regularly hunting from the big bend of the Souris River down through the Grand Coteau 2 to the

1 The people in this group were associated with the following bands, most of which were polyethnic in composition: Pembina Band, Little Shell Band, Turtle Mountain Band, St. Francois Xavier (Saulteaux Village) Band, Nakawiniuk (Wilkie’s) Band, L’Ous Fou (or Crazy Bear) Band, Canoe Band (Nakoda), Four Claws (Gordon) Band, Nekaneet Band, Carry the Kettle Band, Rocky Boy Band, Montana Band, Muscowequan Band, Beardy’s Band, Carlton Stragglers Band, Petaquakey Band (Muskeg Lake), Mistawasis Band, Dumont Band, Big Bear Band, Red Stone Band, Maski Pitonew Band, Bobtail (Piche) Band, the Moose Mountain group of White Bear Band, Striped Blanket Band and Prison Drum Band, and the Crooked Lakes group of Cowessess Band, Ochapowace Band, Kahkewistahow Band and Sakimay Band.

2 Eighteen people who were present at the Battle of the Grand Coteau in 1851 signed this petition, including Jean Baptiste “Che-ma-ma” Falcon (b. 1826) the Hunting Brigade

Missouri River and as the buffalo diminished, gathering along the border at Cypress Hills then following the herds along the Milk River, Missouri River, and down into the Judith Basin of Montana. These groups wanted a reserve in the Cypress Hills area but the government wanted to move them off the border and up to the Qu’Appelle Valley. Although the treaties had been signed by many groups their reserve lands had not been selected.

Missouri River and as the buffalo diminished, gathering along the border at Cypress Hills then following

Catchment Area of the Nehiyaw Pwat and Metis Hunting in the Cypress Hills

A number of the Cypress Hills Hunting Brigade were present at the Battle of the Grand Coteau in 1851. 3 These men are:

leader at Grand Coteau.

3 This battle took place between a Metis buffalo hunting party from St. François Xavier, led by Jean Baptiste Falcon and the Cut Head (Pabaksa) Yanktonai (Ihanktonwanna), Dakota, led by Chief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on July 15 to 16, 1851.

Pascal Breland (b. 1811)

Patrice Breland (b. 1837)

Thomas Breland (b. 1832)

Jean Baptiste “Che-ma-ma” Falcon (b. 1826) Brigade leader at Grand Coteau.

Louis “Mar-yarm-mons” Laframboise (b. 1842), with his parents.

Augustin Laframboise (b. 1844), with his parents.

Gabriel Leveille (b. 1829)

Pierre Leveille (b. 1829)

Louis Malaterre (b. 1834), his brother Jean Baptiste Malaterre (b. 1815) was

killed. Alexis Malaterre (b. 1825), his brother Jean Baptiste Malaterre (b. 1815) was

killed. Andre Trottier (b. 1816)

Antoine Trottier (b. 1834)

Charles DeMontigny (b. 1845), with his parents.

Toby David Poitras (b. 1834) with his parents.

Theodore Poitras (b. 1842), with his parents.

Edward Donald Wells (b. 1837)

Edouard “Neddy” Wells (b.c. 1810-12)

James Francois Whitford (b. 1827)

A number of the men who were involved in the 1878 Cypress Hills Petition for a reserve had petitioned two years earlier for admission into Treaty Four as a collective. On September 7, 1876, thirty Metis at Fort Walsh submitted a petition on behalf of the Metis of the four districts of Assiniboia, N.W.T. to join Treaty 4. The men who signed both of these petitions are:

Jean Charette (b. 1843)

Bonaventure Gariepy (b. 1825)

François Lafontaine (b. 1847)

Daniel Ledoux (b. 1848)

Joseph Léveillé (b. 1843)

Pierre Léveillé (b. 1829)

Joseph Parisien (b. 1835)

Baptiste Pelletier (b. 1846)

Alex Pelletier (b. 1854)

John Wells (b. 1848)

On August 6, 1880, Louis Riel and a group of Metis living in Montana petitioned General Nelson A. Miles for a special Metis reservation in Montana. Twenty of the men signing this petition had also signed the Cypress Hills Metis Petition in 1878. These men are:

Jean Charette (b. 1843)

Joseph Charette (b. 1850)

Michel Davis (b. 1853)

William Davis (b. 1824)

Francois Xavier Fagnant (b. 1834)

Theophile Fagnant (b. 1863)

William “Kee-tar-kiss” Fagnant (b. 1852)

Baptiste Gariépy (b. 1832)

Elie Gariépy (b. 1857)

Louis Gariépy (b. 1828)

Leonide Gariépy (b. 1852)

Severe Hamelin (b. 1852)

Antoine Lafontaine dit Faillant (b. 1849)

William Laframboise (b. 1853)

Pierre “Ah-zhow-e-ge-shig” Laverdure (b. 1860)

Pierre Levielle (b. 1829)

Norman Marion (b. 1854)

Antoine “Ratte”Ouellette (b. 1834)

Joseph Ouellette (b. 1847)

Edouard Wells (b. 1806)

After this petition was sent life became even more difficult for the Metis. Raymond Huel reports:

[On December 9, 1879] From Fort Qu’Appelle, J. Hugonnard informed Taché that three fires had destroyed the hay in the region and that a large number of Metis were taking refuge in the United States. [On January 2, 1880] There were 130 families dispersed in 12 camps along the Milk River and Riel was in their midst. In January 1880, Ambroise Lépine advised Taché that provisions were scarce in the Cypress Hills and that a number of Metis families had to go to the Milk River basin to save their children from starvation. Lépine stated that a large number of individuals were not happy with the manner in which the government was treating them. He complained furthermore, that the government liked to deceive those whom it dealt with. 4

4 Raymond Huel, Archbishop A.A. Taché of St. Boniface. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2003: 201.

Petition of 1878 from the Cypress Hills Metis

This is a petition requesting a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between November 14 th and February 15 th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land. The request was for a strip of land 150 miles long along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border. This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north.

A map 5 showing the land requested for the reserve is shown below:

Petition of 1878 from the Cypress Hills Metis This is a petition requesting a re-opening of

Petition from Half-Breeds Living in Vicinity of Cypress Hills received through the North-West Council, not dated, covering letters from the Lieut.-Governor of the North-West Territories, dated 30 September 1878: 6

To the President and Honorable Members of the Privy Council of the North-West Territories:

The humble request of the undersigned, all Half-Breeds, living in the vicinity of Cypress Mountains, exposes very respectfully:

1.

For a number of years we have always been in the habit of roaming over the

prairies of the North-West for the purpose of hunting, above all other animals the buffalo, thereby sustaining our families. 2. That the hunting of buffalo is the only means of subsistence in this part of the Province.

  • 5 Map by Cameron Stewart and Jim Jerome, MMF.

  • 6 Canada Sessional Papers, No. 45, 1886: 10-12.

  • 3. That before the arrival of the North-West Mounted Police, who came to put in force the laws and tranquilize the various Indian tribes, they had to defend themselves all alone against the continued attacks of the savages, and often had to spill their blood in procuring food for their children.

  • 4. That the chase of the buffalo is today, for your petitioners, the sole and only means of subsistence, and their last resource in obtaining food for their wives and children.

  • 5. That your petitioners have ever entertained a high respect for the civil and military authorities sent thither by the Government, and that they will always hold the same sentiments of submission to the laws, that it may please your excellent body to pass from time to time, with a view to the peace and prosperity of the Province.

  • 6. That the majority of us, upon the cession of the Province to the Canadian Government, were temporarily absent, and were thereby deprived of the benefit of the scrip given to those Half-Breeds who were, at that time, present in the Province.

  • 7. That last year your council, having passed a certain regulation relative to the hunters in the North-West Territory.

  • 8. That by this same regulation the Half-Breeds are prevented from hunting from the

    • 14 th day of November in each year.

  • 9. And also that the Indians are only restrained from the 15 th day of February in each year, or three months later.

    • 10. That the period of this prohibition is actually the very time when the animal produces the most benefit; in the first place, the meat of the cow being then only fit for food; secondly, the pelt being in season to make the best robes, and the one commanding the highest prices in the market.

    • 11. That the Half-Breeds, by this law, are placed in a critical and embarrassing situation, as they find themselves deprived of their only possible means of supporting families.

    • 12. That they see no reason why you will not accord to them at least the same privileges that are granted to Indians, regarding the chase.

    • 13. That the greater part of us have no more than the Indians the ability to amass sufficient provisions for five or six months in advance.

For these reasons your petitioners ever humbly pray your council to take into consideration the critical position in which they are placed by your order of last year,

concerning the buffalo; and having judged by the rectitude of their intention, and of the delicate position in which so many families will be placed by the execution of this law, they ask you to amend the clause referred to above, granting them the same rights and privileges that are allowed the Indians, in regard to the hunting of buffalo in the North-West Territory;

  • 2. Considering the desire that your petitioners have of adopting a life more

conforming to a true civilization; Considering that, according to the actual habits and ordinary disposition of the Half-Breeds in general, it is impossible for them to form any congregation profitable

to their families among the white immigrants who are establishing themselves in the North-West Territory; That it may please your council to obtain for the undersigned a section of land for a special reserve, perpetual and inalienable, upon which they can establish themselves in a permanent manner, and fix their families, to the exclusion of all whites, except such employees as the Government shall find proper to send there, according to the needs of the population.

  • 3. Your petitioners would respectfully represent to your council their desire to have defined the situation and limit of the reserve above mentioned as follows:—

Commencing at a point upon the international line, where crossed by the Pembina River; thence running west along said line 150 miles; thence at right angles, north 50 miles; thence due east, 150 miles; thence due south, 50 miles, to point of beginning.

  • 4. Your petitioners beg leave to state to your council that the land above described is the only one offering to the Half-Breeds the requisite facilities for a permanent home.

  • 5. Considering the state of poverty in which the Half-Breeds are at present, that the above mentioned trail may be given to them in such a way that they can live thereon free from taxes, &c., whether for ever or for a sufficient term of years, that at the end they can pay them without detriment to their families. They demand for the same reason, that they will be allowed school houses, school

masters and school mistresses, whose expenses shall be defrayed by the Government;

also churches, and the priests of their religion.

  • 2 nd . For the sure and speedy advancement of the Half-Breeds, they ask to be

allowed mechanics, to whom they can apply in times of need, and by whom they may be taught the various necessary arts of civilized life, as blacksmiths, carpenters, shoemakers, &c.

  • 3 rd . for the first five years of their establishment they may be given seeds according to their need.

And your petitioners will always ask, &c.

Signed by:

Allard, Michel Allard, William Barland (Breland), Moses Barland, Xavier Barland, Zacharias Bédard, Trefflé Bois, François Bois, Joseph Jr. Bois, Joseph Sr. Bois, Norbert Bonno (Bonneau), Basile Bonno, Charles Bonno, Gabriel Bonno, Henri

Bonno, Julien Bonno, Michel Bonno, Pierre Jr. Bonno, Pierre Sr. Boosah (Bossé), Abraham Boosah, Pierre Jr. Boosah, Pierre Sr. Bottineau, Elzéar Bourquin, Joseph Bouvier, Casimir Boyer, David Breland, Pascal Breland, Patrice Breland, Thomas

Bremner, Peter Brière (Bruyere), Baptiste Brière, Brisebois Brière, Cléophas Brière, Jérémie Brière, Louison Caisse, Joseph Canada, Alexandre Canada, Antoine Canada, Antoine Jr. Caplette, Paul Cardinal, Chs. Pierre Champagne, Baptiste Charette, Joseph Choquette, Jean Chercoté, Edouard Chercoté, Médard Chercoté, Pascal Clyne, Duffle Clyne, William Davis, Alexandre Jr. Davis, Baptiste Jr. Davis, Louis Davis, Michel Davis, William Delorme, Bernard Delorme, François Delorme, Joseph Delorme, Norbert Desjarlais, Deume Desmarais, John Dosa, Baptiste Dumont, Isidore Jr. Dumont, Isidore Jr. (2) Dumont, Isidore Sr. Dusanne, Baptiste Dusanne, Chrysostôme Dusanne, Cuthbert Dusanne, Lyasant Dusanne, Wallace Falcoe, Baptiste Farmah, Edward Say Farmah, Leander Say Fayand, François Fayand, Trefflé Fayand, Xavier

Fayiant, William Fiddler, Peter Gaddy, Alexandre Gaddy, James Gaddy, William Gariépy, Baptiste Gariépy, Bonaventure Gariépy, Elsie Gariépy, Leonide Gariépy, Louis Giroux, Modeste Gladu, Antoine Jr. Gladu, Antoine Sr. Gladu, Michel Jr. Grant, James Haggat, Louis Hamelin, Sévère Houle, Alexandre Jolibois, Baptiste Kieise, Joseph Klyne, André Klyne, Michel Kole (Cole), André Kole, Calice Kole, François L’édoux, Napoléon La Maire, Chs. Pierre Labombarde, Alexandre Labruler, Maxime Labruler, Napoléon Labruler, Pierre Lafontaine, Antoine Lafontaine, François Lafontaine, Gaspard Lafontaine, Louis Lafontaine, Napoléon Lafournaise, Jérôme Lafournaise, William Laframboise, Augustin Laframboise, Daniel Laframboise, Edouard Laframboise, Jean Baptiste Laframboise, William Langé, Jean Baptiste Lantigras (Lattergrass), Pierre LaPierre, Ambroise

Lapierre, Moïse Laplante, Antoine Laplante, Oliver Larivez, Paul Lavadure, David Jr. Lavallée, Pierre Laverdure, Léon Laverdure, Narcisse Laverdure, St. Pierre Le Mair, Joseph Le Maire, Pierre Ledoux, Daniel Ledoux, Pierre Lemire, François Lemire, Xavier Leplante, Antoine LeRat, Zacharie Letendre, Moïse Léveillé, Gabriel Léveillé, Isaïe Léveillé, Joseph Léveillé, Paul Léveillé, Pierre Léveillé, Pierre Léveillé, Pierre Sr. Léveillé, Thomas Magill, Alexandre Malaterre, Alexandre Malaterre, Alexis Malaterre, Charlie Malaterre, John Malaterre, Louis Malaterre, Louis Jr. Mallette, Antoine Mallette, Isidore Marion, Joseph Edouard Marion, Maxime Marion, Norman McKay, Léonore, Méchiale, Daniel Michel, Joseph Montigny, Charles Montigny, Patrick Morin, Louis Morin, Pierre Morrad, Alexander

Morrison, Edward Ouellette, Antoine Ouellette, Jean Baptiste Ouellette, James Ouellette, Joseph Sr. Ouellette, Joseph Jr. Ouellette, Julien Ouellette, Patrice Parenteau, Elie Parisien, Joseph Patrice, Isidore Pelloche, Adolphus Pelloche, Alexandre Pelloche, Alexandre Pelloche, Baptiste Pelloche, Baptiste Sr. Pelloche, Cuthbert Pelloche, Cuthbert Pelloche, Edouard Pelloche, Jean Baptiste Pelloche, Lasselog Pelloche, Napoléon Pelloche, Paul Pelloche, William Peltier, Alique Peltier, Baptiste, Sr. Peltier, Cuthbert Poitras, Baptiste Poitras, David Poitras, François Poitras, Gabriel Poitras, Joseph Poitras, Salomon Poitras, Termie Racette, Augustin Racette, Baptiste Robillard, Chrysostôme Rochelblave, Antoine Ross, Pierre Ross, Roderick Ross, Urban Ross, William Sanderson, James Shakote, Jean Sinclair, William Smalemie, Pierre

Soan, William Jr. Soan, William Sr. Sparvie, Jean Baptiste Sparvie, Joseph Jr. Sparvie, Joseph Sr. Sparvie, Paul Sparvie, St. Pierre Sparvie, William St. Denis, Célestin St. Denis, Cuthbert St. Denis, Michel St. Germain, André Swane (Swain), Alexandre Swane, Baptiste Swane, John Swane, Kersore Swane, William Tait, Cuthbert Tait, Joseph Jr. Tait, Joseph Sr. Tait, Thomas Teboure, Isaïe Teboure, William Thomas, Bernard Thomas, Joseph Trottier, Alexandre Jr. Trottier, Alexandre Sr. Trottier, André Jr. Trottier, André Sr. Trottier, Antoine Trottier, Charles Trottier, Henri Trottier, Isidore

Trottier, Jean Baptiste Trottier, John Trottier, Michel Trottier, Norbert Trottier, William Turner, Jean Vallée, Moïse Vilbrune, Joseph Vital, Henri Wallet, Joseph Jr. Wallette, Joseph Sr. Wallette, Julien Wallette, Patrice Welsh, Albert Welsh, Damase Welsh, Donald Welsh, Edward Welsh, Gregory Welsh, James Welsh, John Welsh, Joseph Welsh, Joshon Jr. Welsh, Neddy Welsh, Norbert Welsh, Samuel Welsh, William Welsh, Xavier Welsy, John Whiteford, James Whitford, Elzior Whitford, James Jr. Whitford, Louis Whitford, Maxime

Biographies of the Petitioners

Allard dit Leclerc, Michel. (b. 1840) Michel “La vioy” Leclerc dit Allard was born on September 29, 1840, the son of Ambroise Allard and Marguerite Chalifoux. Michel married Elizabeth Ross, the daughter of Hugh Ross and Sarah Short, in 1862 at St. Francois Xavier. He was a Turtle Mountain Band member.

Scrip affidavit for Allard, Michel; born:

1845; father: Ambroise Allard (Métis); mother:

Marguerite Challifou (Métis); claim no: 1074; date of issue: Aug. 20, 1876; amount: $160.

Scrip affidavit for Allard, Elizabeth; wife of Michel Allard; born: 1848; father: Hugh Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Short (Métis); claim no:

1075; date of issue: Aug. 20, 1876; amount:

$160

Biographies of the Petitioners Allard dit Leclerc, Michel. (b. 1840) Michel “La vioy” Leclerc dit Allard

Allard, William. (b. 1867)

William was born on January 12, 1867 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Michel Leclerc dit Allard and Elizabeth Ross. He married Marie St. Germain (Métis) the daughter of Francois St. Germain and Therese Bonneau. They had three children: Batsy, born 1884 at Rock Lake (died 1885); Joseph, born 1892 who married Justine Wilkie, then Adele Laverdure; and Eliza born 1900 who married William Delorme. Subsequently in 1882 at St. John, North Dakota he married Marie Josephine Brien, the daughter of Antoine Brien and Josephte Azure.

Allary, Caroline. (b. 1858) Caroline was the daughter of Pierre Henry dit Allary (b. 1832) and Angelique Parisien (b. 1837 Sweet Grass, Montana). She married Jean Baptiste Pelletier (b. 1856), the son of Antoine Pelletier and Julie Fournier.

Allary, Marie Louise. (b. 1856)

Louise was born on January 30, 1856. She was the daughter of Francois Allary born in 1828 and Charlotte Malaterre, born in 1832 at St Boniface. Her granparents were Jean Baptiste Malaterre and Angelique Adams. She married Jeremie Bruyere born in 1854, the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault.

Azure, Marie Anne. (b. 1852)

Marie Anne was the daughter of Charles Azure and Nancy Grant. Nancy was the daughter of Cuthbert Grant and Marie McGillis. Marie Anne married Narcisse Laverdure the son of Pierre Laverdure and Catherine Charette.

Barland; See Breland.

Beauchamp, Pelagie. (b. 1860)

Pelagie was born on October 10, 1860 in St

Norbert, the daughter of Jerome Beauchamp and Genvieve Parisien. She married Pierre Leveille, the son of Louison Leveille and Marguerite Gervais.

Bédard, Trefflé. (b. 1831)

Possibly: Eustache Bérard:

Bérard, Eustache - Concerning his claim as head

of family - Address, Calgary - Born, Edmonton,

  • 1831 - Father, Louis Bérard, (French Canadian)

- Mother, Catherine Hughes, (Métis) - Married,

  • 1854 at St. Boniface to Marguerite Primeau -

Children living, eight (names on application) -

Children deceased, five - Scrip for $160 - Claim

232.

Berard, Josephte. (b. 1834)

Josephte was the daughter of Pierre Berard and Louise Moreau. She.married Louison Bruyere (b. 1842), the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault.

Birston, Clemence. (b. 1850)

Clemence was born in St Francois Xavier, the daughter of William Gaddy Birston and Madeleine Gonneville. She married Xavier Lemire, the son of Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin, in 1871 at Lebret.

Birston, Francoise. (b. c. 1849)

Francoise was born in St Francois Xavier, the daughter of William Gaddy Birston and Madeleine Gonneville. She married Francois Lemire, the son of Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin, in 1867 at St. Francois Xavier.

Bois: See Dubois

Bonno (Bonneau), Basile. (b. 1848)

Basile Bonneau was born at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Pierre Bonneau Sr. and Louise

Gariepy. He died at age 30 at Lac Qu’Appelle shortly after this petition was sent. Manitoba Scrip Application:

Bonneau, Basile; HB Child; Filed: Pierre Bonneau, Sr.; Baie St. Paul; Marquette; b. 20 Feb. 1851, St. Francois Xavier; d. 6 Nov 1878, NWT; bu. Lake Qu'Appelle; Pierre Bonneau, heir and father; Pierre Bonneau (x); 16 June 1875. C-14925

Bonno (Bonneau), Charles. (b. 1845)

Charles Bonneau was born at Oak Lake, the

son of Pierre Bonneau Sr. and Louise Gariepy. He married Rosalie Poitras, the daughter of Gabriel Poitras and Isabelle Malaterre. 7

Bonno (Bonneau), Gabriel. (b. 1869)

Gabriel was born at Wood Mountain, the son of Michel Paul dit Bonneau and Eliza Boyer. This family lived at Swift Current and Wood Mountain.

Bonno, Henri

Bonno (Bonneau), Julien. (b. 1857)

Julien was born on February 16, 1857, the son of Pierre Bonneau Sr. and Louise Gariepy at St. Francois Xavier. Manitoba Scrip Application:

Bonneau, Julien; HB Child; Baie St. Paul; Marquette; voyageur; b. 22 Feb 1857, St. Francois Xavier; age 22; Pierre Bonneau (HB) is father; Louise Gariepy (HB) is mother; French:

Julien Bonneau (x); 16 June 1879; Pierre

Bonneau, Sr. (x); Pierre Bonneau, Jr

..

C-14925.

Bonneau, Marie. (b. 1839)

Marie was the daughter of Pierre Bonneau and Louise Gariepy. She married Francois Xavier Fagnant, the son of Francois Fagnant and Madeleine Lemire in 1862 at St. Francois Xavier. Her father and three of her brothers signed this cypress Hills petition.

Bonno (Paul dit Bonneau), Michel. (b. 1840)

Michel was the son of Paul Paul and Madeleine Vivier. He married Eliza Boyer, the daughter of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier at St. Francois Xavier in 1862. Eliza Boyer’s sister Cecile Boyer was married to Norbert Welsh another signator to this petition. A third

7 Bonneau, Charles - Concerning his claim as a head of famiy - Address, Fort Qu'Appelle - Born, Oak Lake, Aug. 20, 1844 - Father, Pierre Bonneau, (Métis) - Mother, LaLouise Gariepy, (Métis) - Married, Jan. 20, 1870 at Dung Hills to Rosalie Poitras - Children living, five (names on declaration) - Children deceased, two - Scrip for $160 - Claim 98

sister, Clemence Boyer, was married to Joseph Lemire who’s biography appears below. Paul, Michel; address: Swift Current; born:

1840 at St. Norbert; father: Paulette Paul (Métis); mother: Madeleine Vivier (Métis); married: 1862 at St. Francois Xavier to Eliza Boyer; children living: Catherine, Reni, Gabriel, Madeleine, Baptiste, Marie, Josephine, John and Susanne; children deceased: Clemence and Patrice; scrip for $160.00; claim no. 8.

Bonno (Bonneau), Pierre Jr. (b. 1853)

Pierre Bonneau Jr. was born on September 17, 1853 at St. Francois xavier, the son of Pierre Sr. and Louise Gariepy at St. Francois Xavier.

Manitoba Scrip Application:

Bonneau, Pierre, Jr.; HB Child; Baie St.

Paul;

Marquette; b. Aug

1855;

St.

Francois

Xavier;

age 24; Pierre Bonneau,

Sr. (HB)

is

father; Louise Gariepy (HB) is mother; French:

Pierre Bonneau (x); 16 June 1879; Piere

Bonneau,

Jr.

(x);

Antoine

Larocque

(x).

C-

14925

Bonno (Bonneau), Pierre Sr. (b. 1803) Pierre Bonneau was a Metis leader in the Qu’Appelle River Valley. In 1878, the Half- Breeds living in the vicinity of Cypress Hills petitioned the government for their own reserve. This is a petition requested a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between November 14 th and February 15 th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land. The request was for a strip of land 150 miles long along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border, running west for 150 miles into Saskatchewan. This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north. The petition did not receive a favourable response. Four members of the family of Pierre Bonneau Sr. (b. 1803) signed this petition. On September 2, 1880 the Metis of the Qu’Appelle Settlement petitioned Governor Alexander Morris for land, hunting rights and trading rights. The leaders of this group were Pierre Bonneau Sr. (b. 1803), Peter Lapierre (b. 1827) and Simon Blondeau [Blondin] (b. 1827) and Augustin Brabant Sr. (b. 1828). Pierre Bonneau was born on March 22,

1803 at Oak Lake, the son of Jean Baptiste Bonneau; born 27 May 1752 8 and Louise Paccan

8 Jean-Baptiste Bonneau was born on April 15, 1758 at Vincennes, Indiana. He died.26 May 1842 at St. Francois Xavier, Jean-Baptiste married a second wife, Isabelle (Cree) ,

(Chippewa) 9 , they were married according to the custom of the country circa 1790; Jean Baptiste died 26 May 1842 at age 90 and was buried 27 May 1842 at St. Francois Xavier. In 1828, Pierre married Louise Gariepy (b. 1815), the daughter of Louis Gariepy (b. 1782) and Josephte (Chippewa). His sons Pierre Jr., Charles and Julien also signed this petition.

Children:

Marguerite Bonneau was born in Sep

  • 1831 and died on 1 Oct 1832 in St

Boniface Mission at age 1. Elizabeth Isabelle Bonneau was born on

6 September 1832. Pierre Bonneau was born in Mar 1833

and died on 1 July 1846 at age 13. Marie Bonneau was born in June 1839.

Charles Bonneau was born on 22

August 1845 in Oak Lake Manitoba and died on 7 April 1886 at age 40. Basile Bonneau was born on 14 January

  • 1848 in St Francis Xavier, and died on 6

November 1878 at age 30. Marie Elmire Bonneau was born on 14

November 1851 in St Francis Xavier. Pierre Bonneau was born on 17

September 1854 in St Francis Xavier. Genevieve Bonneau was born on 17

September 1854 in St Francis Xavier. Julien Bonneau was born on 16 February 1857 in St Francis Xavier.

Josette Bonneau was born on 22 April

  • 1842 in St Francis Xavier, and died on

15 December 1843 at age 1. Jean Baptiste Bonneau Jr. was born on 3 September 1864 on the Prairie.

Boosah (Boucher), Abraham

Boosah (Boucher, Busha, Bouchie), Pierre (b.

1824)

Pierre Boucher was born in 1824 at St. Albert and died at St. Ignatius, Montana. Pierre was the son of Joseph Boucher Jr. (1795-1851) and Marguerite “Nostukew” Dupuis (1802-

born about 1755. She died on 14 October 1845 St-Francois- Xavier.

9 Daughter of a Miami Chief Pacanne and his Mahican wife. Born 1760 in Michigan, died before 1820 at St. Francois Xavier. Her brother was the famous Indian Chief "Little Turtle" of the Miami Tribe.

1859). 10 He married Marie Amable Bruneau (b:

1828 in Lac la Biche) on September 21, 1844 in Lac Ste Anne. She was the daughter of Michel Joachim Paul Bruneau and Catherine Marie (Desjarlais) Ladouceur. Children of Pierre Boucher and Amable Bruneau:

Louis Boucher b: October 5, 1846. He married Isabelle Ward (b: 1848) in 1866 at Red River.

Pierre Boucher b: March 1, 1849 in St Albert, married Isabelle Breland (b:

1845) in November 1866 in Lac Ste Anne, she was the daughter of Edouard Valade Breland and Genevieve Zan-yeo “Ma-toos-kees” Mondion. He then married Marie Todd (b: 1859 at Sturgeon Creek). She was an illegitimate daughter of John McCallum Todd and Marie Anne Allary. Marie was raised by her aunt and uncle, Marguerite [Allary] and Benjamin Vandal. They

were married in 1872 in St. Albert. Marguerite Marie b: May 18, 1853 in St

Albert district. She married William St. Denis (b: January 1, 1868 in Battleford) in 1888 at St Albert. He was the son of Michel St. Denis and Virginie Pelletier.

Benjamin b: August 21, 1856.

 

Maria b: 1859 in St Albert. She married Henri Paquette (b: August 1848 in Fort des Prairie) in 1876 at the Bow River Mission, near Fort Calgary. His parents

were Henri Paquette Sr. and Cecile Durand.

Eve Boucher b: November 16, 1859 in

St Albert, married James Ward (b: 1851 in St Albert) in 1876 in High River, his parents were James Ward and Catherine Bruneau.

Abraham b: 1862 d: 1862

 

Jean Baptiste b: October

1870

in

St

Albert, died October 1870 in St Albert.

Laurent Boucher b: October 1871 in St Albert, died October 1871.

Marie Ann Boucher Albert, died in 1873.

b:

1873

in

St

10 Marguerite was born at Lac La Biche, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Dupuis and Marie his Nakota (Assinniboine) wife.

On September 19, 1877, Pierre Boucher, Louison Boucher, Jules Boucher and Edward Boucher signed a petition from John Munro and the other Metis at Blackfoot Crossing presented to Lieutenant Governor Laird concerning Metis land claims and other assistance that would be necessary when the buffalo hunt was no longer viable as a means of subsistence. Pierre Boucher’s son-in-law James Ward also signed this petition. After leaving Batoche in 1885, Gabriel Dumont went to Spring Creek, Montana to stay with his brother-in-law David Wilkie. There he met with Pierre Boucher and asked him to approach the Flatheads and Blackfeet living on reserves for permission to stay with them. The local Indian Agent reported:

On August 3, 1887, Peter Ronan, U.S. Indian Agent for the Flathead Indians west of the Rockies was visited by Pierre Busha, a Cree Half-Breed, whom Ronan believed to have been Riel’s third ranking officer in the Rebellion of 1885 on the Saskatchewan. Busha had come from the refugee camp of some 60 families and 200 persons then located on Dupuyer Creek south of the Blackfeet Reservation to find a place where his people could make a home and a living, and “if successful in negotiating with the Indians will appeal to the government to give them asylum.” At a Council on October 16, 1887, the Flathead considered and refused Busha’s request. 11

Boosah (Boucher, Busha, Bouchie), Pierre Jr.

(b. 1849) Pierre was born on March 1, 1849 at St. Albert, the son of Pierre Boucher (b. 1824) and Amable Bruneau (b. 1828). He married Isabelle

Breland (b: 1845) in November 1866 in Lac Ste Anne, she was the daughter of Edouard Valade Breland and Genevieve Zan-yeo “Ma-toos-kees” Mondion. Isabelle died in September of 1870 on the plains. He then married Marie Todd (b: 1859 at Sturgeon Creek). She was an illegitimate daughter of John McCallum Todd and Marie Anne Allary. Marie was raised by her aunt and uncle, Marguerite [Allary] and Benjamin

11 John C. Ewars, Ethnological Report of the Chippewa/Cree of Rocky Bay and Little Shell. New York: Garland Publishing, 1974: 97-98.

Vandal. 12 They Albert.

were

married

in

1872

in

St.

Metis Scrip;

Boucher, Pierre - Concerning his claim as head of family - Address, St. Albert P.O. [Post Office] - Born, St. Albert, January, 1849 - Father, Pierre Boucher, (Métis) - Mother, Aimable Bruneau, (Métis) - Married, November, 1866 at Lac St. Anne to Isabelle Breland, 1871 on the Plains to Marie Todd - Children living, three (names on declaration) - Children deceased, two - Scrip for

$160

Boucher Marie - Concerning her claim as a child - Address, High River - Born, Sturgeon Creek,

  • 1859 - Father, John Todd, (Métis) - Mother, Marie

Allary, (Métis) - Married, 1872 at St. Albert near Edmonton to Pierre Boucher - Children living, three, John born 1874, Marie Louise born 1877, Virginie born 1879 - Scrip for $240 - Claim 313

Boucher, Marie; for her deceased children: Jean Baptiste, born: Oct. 1870 at St. Albert, died: 2 or 3 days old; Laurent, born: Oct. 1871 at St. Albert, died: Day of his birth; Marie Anne, born: Apr.

  • 1873 at St. Albert, died about 3 weeks old; claim

no. 1724; address: St. Ignatius, Montana; father:

Pierre Boucher (deceased Métis); mother: Marie Bruneau (Métis & Deponent); heirs: Pierre

Boucher scrip cert.: form D, nos. 1690, 1676 &

  • 1662 for $ 34.28 each; Louis Boucher scrip cert.:

form D, nos. 1688, 1674 & 1660 for $ 34.28 each; Marguerite St. Denis (nee Boucher) scrip cert.: form D, no. 1684, 1670 & 1656 for $ 34.29

each; Eve Malaterre (nee Boucher) scrip cert.:

form D, nos. 1682, 1668 & 1654 for $ 34.29 each; file ref. no. 810021

Bottineau, Angelique. (b. 1838)

Angelique was born on October 8, 1838, the daughter of Joseph Bottineau and Angelique Cardinal. She married Antoine Ratte Ouellette, the son of Joseph Ouellette and Therese Houle in 1851 at Pembina. Her sister Marie was married

12 Marie Todd was another out of wedlock child of John McAllum Todd Sr., born 1859 at Sturgeon Creek, St. James. Her mother was Marie Allary (Azarie). Marie Allary, was living with Joseph Bremner at the time of her daughter's birth. Their son Joseph Bremner, born 1852 was a half brother to Marie Todd. Marie was baptized at St. Boniface Cathedral on 16 Jan. 1861. She was brought up by her aunt Marguerite Allary and uncle Benjamin Vandal. Marie married Pierre Boucher, in 1872. He was 10 years older, Marie was Pierre's second wife. His first wife was Isabelle Breland, who he married at Lac Ste. Anne, Alberta in Nov.

1866. Pierre was born at St. Albert, Alberta in January 1849 [sic]. He was the son of Pierre Boucher and Amable Bruneau.

to Isidore Ouellette and sister Josphte was married to Francois Ouellette.

Bottineau, Elzéar. (b. 1842)

Elzear was born on August 25, 1842 at St.

Francois Xavier, the son of Joseph Bottineau and Angelique Cardinal. His grandparents were Charles Bottineau and Margaret Ah-dick-Songab a Chippewa. He married Isabella St. Pierre, the daughter of Francois St. Pierre and Marie Laverdure in 1861 at St. Joseph. A buffalo hunting family their 14 children were born across the plains; at Cypress Hills, Wood Mountain, Old Wive’s Creek, and Willow Bunch. Elzear’s sisters, Marie (b. 1834), Josephte (b. 1836) and Angelique (b. 1838) were married to three Ouellette brothers, the sons of Joseph Ouellette and Therese Houle. Joseph Ouellette also signed this petition.

Bourquin, Joseph

Bourassa, Marie Anne. (b. 1831)

Marie Anne was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Bourrassa. In 1851, Marie Anne married Antoine Gladu Sr. (b. 1808), the son of Charles Gladu and Marguerite Ross. He had first been married to Josephte Desjarlais.

Bouvier, Casimir “Was-sarh-kaish”. (b. 1848)

Casimir “Wasw-sarh-kaish” Bouvier was born at St. Francois Xavier on February 13, 1848, the son of Antoine Bouvier and Genevieve Breland. He married Adelaide “Deliah” Laplante, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Laplante and Madeleine Dufont or Desfonds on November 22, 1870 at St. Francois Xavier. Casamir, known in Chippewa as Was-sarh-kaish, his wife Deliah and their eight children appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census for 1889.

He was struck from the Turtle Mountain roll during the 1892 membership controversy. Casimir and his brother Antoine eventually moved to San Clara, Manitoba. 13

Boyer, Cecile, (b. 1846)

Cecile was the daughter of Louis Boyer (b.

1821) and Madeleine Trottier. She married Norbert Welsh, the son of Francois Xavier Welsh and Charlotte Sauve in 1867 at St. Francois Xavier.

Boyer, Clemence. (b. 1851)

13 Personal communication with Lionel Bouvier, September 11, 2010.

Clemence Boyer was born February 20, 1851 near Brandon, the daughter of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier. She married Joseph Lemire in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier. Joseph was born at St. Francois Xavier circa February 1833, the son of Joseph Lemire (b. 1811) and Julie Martin. His parents were members of Muscowequan Band before they left treaty. Joseph married Suzanne Lepine, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lepine and Suzanne Gariepy in 1861 at St. Francois Xavier. He then married Clemence Boyer the daughter of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier Clemence and Joseph had four children born at Qu’Appelle, Moose Jaw and Cypress Hills. Norbert Welsh was his brother-in-law as they had married Boyer sisters. Their daughter Madeleine, born June 10, 1869 at Qu’Appelle married Joseph Le Rat in 1888.

Children of Joseph and Clemence:

Magdeleine, born July 10, 1869 at

Qu’Appelle. William, born July 1870 at Lebret.

Victoire, born June 5, 1872 at Moose

Jaw. Marie, born November 1883 at Cypress Hills.

Joseph was band member #48 of Little Child’s Band. In 1886, Joseph, his wife, and three girls withdrew from Treaty. Joseph was also one of the 30 Metis at Fort Walsh who submitted a petition, September 7, 1876, on behalf of the Metis of the four districts of Assiniboia to join Treaty 4.

Lemire, Joseph; address: Qu'Appelle; claim no. 1194; born: 1834 at St. Francois Xavier; father:

Joseph Lemire (Métis); mother: Julie Martin (Métis); married: in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier to Clemence Boyer and in 1862 at St. Francois Xavier to Susanne Lepinee; children living:

Madeleine, Victoire and Marie; children deceased: William, Adèle, unnamed, William, child by last wife; scrip for $160.00.

Boyer, David (b. 1849)

David Boyer was born on May 8, 1849, at Oak Lake, the son of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier (father Andre, listed later). He married La Louise Thomas dit Tomma, the daughter of Joseph Thomas (listed later) and Marie Wakitipik in 1866 at St. Francois Xavier. La Louise was a

member of Cowessess Band and later left Treaty. Her brothers Bernard Thomas (b. 1859) and

Joseph Thomas (b. 1840) were also part of the Cypress hills hunting brigade. A buffalo hunting family the Boyer’s 11 children were born across the plains at Long Lake, Saskatoon, St. Laurent, Eagle Hills, Saskatchewan Crossing, Cypress Hills, Lebret and Indian Head.

Boyer, Eliza, (b. 1843)

Eliza was the daughter of Louis Boyer (b. 1821) and Madeleine Trottier. Eliza married Michel Paul dit Bonneau, the son of Paul Paul and Madeleine Vivier in 1862 at St. Francois Xavier.

Boyer, Victoire. (b. 1854)

Victoire was the daughter of Louis Boyer

(b. 1821) and Madeleine Trottier. She married Jean Baptiste Tanner, in 1875.

Breland (Barland), Moïse. (b. 1832).

Moïse was born on March 19, 1832 the son

of Alexandre Duboishue Breland and Amilie Wells. He married Sara Delorme, the daughter of Urbain Delorme and Madeleine Vivier. He then married Philomene Page the daughter of Henry Page and Eliza Grant. Their son is listed below.

Breland, Pascal. (1811-1896)

Pascal came to be known as “Le Roi de Traiteurs”–“King of the Traders.” He was born in the Saskatchewan River Valley on June 15, 1811 to Pierre du Boishué dit Breland and Josephte (Louise) Belley a Half-Breed. The family farmed at Red River, then in 1832, Pascal and his mother and two younger sisters moved from Red River to Grantown (St. François Xavier) to farm. Four years later Pascal married fifteen-year old Maria Grant daughter of Cuthbert Grant and Marie Desmarais. Breland’s sister Marie was the mother of another famous Metis entrepreneur, Johnny Grant. Maria and Pascal raised a large family of six boys and nine girls. By 1849 Pascal was a very prosperous trader with his 380 acres of land in and around St. François Xavier. At the time he owned 12 Red-River-carts and had 22 horses. Initially, Pascal did not have legal claim to his land but later he received an official land grant from the Crown in 1882. Breland spent a considerable amount of time on the Western Plains as a free trader in areas of Fort Pitt, Wood Mountain-Cypress Hills, Fort Qu’Appelle and Fort Ellice. As a result of Pascal’s extensive involvement in the trade and his wealth, he gained a social prestige in the area

and he was a member of “la bourgeoisie Métisse.” Pascal’s political views became known when he supported Louis Riel Sr. at the trial of Guillaume Sayer in 1849, involving the Metis right for free trade of their goods. A prosperous farmer, and trader, he owned a considerable number of carts and was nicknamed “le Roi des traiteurs” (the king of traders).

Breland, Patrice (1837-1908)

Patrice was born on March 17, 1861 at St.

Francois Xavier, the oldest son of Pascal Breland and Maria Grant. He married Helene Dease the daughter of John Dease and Angelique “Nellie” McMillan. Their children were:

Marie Rose, born July 11, 1863 at SFX,

married Theodore Brien. Marguerite, born June 11, 1863 at SFX,

married Elzear Tourond, then married Oliver Robidoux. Patrice Tobie, born March 5, 1866 at

SFX. Lucie, born April 3, 1868 at SFX, died

May 5, 1868. Emelie, born April 3, 1868 at SFX, died

February 1882. Virginie, born July 23, 1870 at SFX,

married Patrice Edouard Delorme. Marie Alexandre, born November 30,

1872 at SFX, married Marie Celestine Lesperance. Alfred, born February 7, 1875 near

Moose Jaw, married Marie victoire Breland. Patrice, born November 2, 1877 at

Cypress Hills. Josephine, born February 10, 1880 at

SFX, died August 1880. Joseph Edmund, born October 21, 1883 at SFX, married Emma Deschambault.

Breland, Thomas. (b. 1842)

Thomas was born on September 21, 1842, the son of Pascal Breland and Maria Grant. In 1864 he married Julie Trottier, then married Philomene Page, in 1867 he married Marie Rivet and in 1879 he married Therese Tanner the daughter of Thomas John Tanner and Louise Saulteaux. He had three children with Julie, born

at SFX; then had four children with Philomene, born at Moose Jaw and Lebret; then three children with Marie, born at Lebret and Cypress

Hills; and four children with Therese born at SFX and Oak Lake. Jean Léveillé and Thomas Breland initially had farms in the Oak Lake area but then moved to Lebret in the Qu’Appelle Valley.

Breland (Barland), Xavier. (b. 1868)

Francois Xavier Breland was born June 8, 1868, the son of Moise Breland and Philomene Page. He later married Rosine Caplette.

Breland (Barland), Zacharias. (b. 1847)

Zackarie Breland was born on February 22, 1847, the son of Alexandre Duboishue Breland and Amilie Wells. He married Marie Fagnant the daughter of Madeleine Fagnant.

Bremner, Peter. (b. 1845)

Peter was born on December 14, 1845, at St. Francois Xavier, the son of William Bremner and Marie Gariepy. He was a Turtle Mountain Band member married to Marguerite Turcotte, the daughter of Vital Turcotte and Madeleine Caplette. Peter and Marguerite had nine children, born at St. Charles, St. Boniface, SFX, Cypress Hills and Lebret ..

Brière (Bruyere), Baptiste. (b. 1844)

Jean Baptiste Bruyere was born on October 18, 1844, the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault. He married Marie Allery the daughter of Michel Allery and Marie Paquin in 1867 at St. Francois Xavier. Baptiste was a Turtle Mountain Band member

Brière (Bruyere), Brisebois. (b. 1811)

Baptiste Briere or Busebois or Bruyere was the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere Sr. and Francoise (Serpente). He married Angelique Guilbault. They had 12 children born at St.

Francois Xavier and Turtle Mountain.

Bruyere, Caroline. (b. 1859)

Caroline was born on April 9, 1859, the daughter

of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault. She married Alexandre Pelletier, the son of Jean Baptiste Peletier and Madeleine Deschamps in 1875 at Cypress Hills.

Brière (Bruyere), Cléophas. (b. 1856)

Cléophas “Kitaface” or “Tchee-gus-tosh” Bruyere was born on December 22, 1856, the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault.

Brière (Bruyere), Jérémie. (b. 1854)

Jérémie Bruyere was born on January 29, 1854, the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault. He married Louise Allery, the daughter of Francois Allery and Charlotte Malaterre.

Brière (Bruyere), Louison. (b. 1842)

Louis Bruyere was born on January 21, 1842 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and Angelique Guilbault. He married Josephte Berard, the daughter of Pierre Berard and Louise Moreau, in 1865 at St. Francois Xavier. The family lived at Willow Bunch and St. Francois Xavier.

Bruneau dite Chatelain, Angelique (b. 1846)

Angelique married Alexandre Morin (b. 1847). Alexandre was the son of Antoine Morin (b. 1808) and Therese Larocque (b. 1813). He married Angelique Bruneau dit Chatelain in 1868. They had thirteen children born at Willow Bunch, Wood Mountain, Cypress Hills, St. John and Turtle Mountain He died at Medicine Lake, Montana in 1908. In the 1881 Canada Census the family is recorded as Household # 60, with them are their children, J. Alexandre (10), Therese (9), Josette (7), and Marie (3). Alexandre is the youngest of three Morin brothers who signed this Cypress Hills petition.

Bruneau, Marie Amable. (b. 1828) Marie was the daughter of Michel Joachim Bruneau (b. 1806) and Marie Ladouceur dite Desjarlais. She married Pierre Boucher, the son of Joseph Boucher Jr. (1795-1851) and Marguerite “Nostukew” Dupuis (1802-1859). 14

Bruyere: See Brière

Caisse, Joseph.

Caisse is a name usually associated with

Isle a la Crosse.

Canada dit Henault, Alexandre. (b. 1858)

Alexandre was the son of Antoine Canada dit Hennault Sr. and Catherine Davis. He married Marie Rose Poitras, the daughter of Gabriel Poitras Sr. and Isabelle Malaterre. Gabriel Poitras also signed this petition. Alexandre was variously known as alexis Canada, Alexander Enno and Alexander Unean Jr.

Canada dit Enno, Antoine Jr. (b. 1857)

14 Marguerite was born at Lac La Biche, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Dupuis and Marie his Nakota (Assinniboine) wife.

Antoine was the son of Antoine Canada dit Hennault Sr. and Catherine Davis. He married Margaret Dumais, the daughter of Charles Dumais and Marie St. Arnaud in 1880 on the Milk River and then married Marie Celina McKay, daughter of Leonard McKay and Sarah Lambert in 1884. Antoine, also known as Antoine Enno Jr. was a Turtle Mountain Band member. He and his wife Celina appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census for 1884.

Canada dit Hennault, Antoine “Kar-nar-dah”. (b. 1832)

Antoine Hennault dit Canada was the son of Charles Henault dit Canada and Marie Gray. Antoine married Catherine Davis, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Davis and Josephte Saulteaux. Catherine’s brother, William Davis was also a signator to this petition. Antoine served as a councilor to chief Little Shell for ten years.

Canada dite Henault, Josephte. (b. 1852)

Josephte was born on December 2, 1852, the daughter of Antoine Canada dit Henault and Catherine Davis. She married Pierre Lavallee, the son of Pierre Lavallee and and Marguerite Bercier in 1870 at Lebret.

Caplette, Paul. (b. 1851)

Paul Caplette was born in 1851, the son of Joseph Caplette and his second wife Marie Anne Ward. Paul married Christine Poitras, the daughter of Tobie Poitras and Madeleine Gesson dit St. Denis, in 1880 on the Milk River in Montana. They had seven children born at Red Deer River, Swift Current, and Willow Bunch.

Cardinal, Chs. Pierre. (b. 1838)

Charles Cardinal was born on January 5, 1838 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Jacques Cardinal and Genevieve Pelletier. He married Josephte Desmarais, the daughter of Michel Desmarais and Josephte Rochon in 1861. They lived at St. Francois Xavier, Qu’Appelle, File Hills, Wood Mountain and Lebret. The family is recorded in the 1881 Canada Census as Household # 67 at Wood Mountain. Charles lists his occupation as “hunter.” With them are, William (22), Francois (8), Octavie (23), Marie (20), Emerise (12), Elise (5), Julie (3) and Joseph

(1).

Cardinal, Judith. (b. 1827)

Judith was born in either Jasper House

orMontana, the daughter of Antoine Cardinal (b. 1793) and Marie DeMontigny Comtois (b.

1795). In 1855, at St. Francois Xavier, she married Jean Baptiste Gariepy, born in 1832, at St. Francois Xavier. He was the son of Louis Marie “Awistoyus” Gariepy (b. 1771) and:

Josephte Suzette “Nahasthay” Ducharme (b. 1806, died 1871 on the Marias River). His father, Louis was a voyageur first with the NWC then after amalgamation with the HBC. He retired to St. Francois Xavier in 1824.

Cardinal, Marie. (b. 1832)

Judith

was

the

daughter

of

Antoine

Cardinal and Marie DeMontigny Comptois. She married Louis Gariepy (b. 1828), the son of Louis Gariepy and Josephte Ducharme. They had children born in Canada at St. Francois Xavier, Fort Ellice and Lebret as well as in the USA at Flat Willow Creek and Poplar River. Their sons, Leonide and Elie also signed the Cypress Hills as well as the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880.

Caron, Angelique. (b. 1862)

Angelique was the daughter of Jean Caron and Marguerite Dumas. She married Ambroise Dubois (b. 1856), the son of Francois dubois and Madeleine Laberge.

Champagne, Baptiste. (b. 1831)

Jean Baptiste was born at Pembina the son of Emmanuel Beaugrand de Champagne and Marguerite Larocque. Baptiste was a councillor for Chief Little Shell. He first married Isabelle Parisien, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Parisien and Charlotte Nolin on March 10, 1856. Baptiste and Isabelle had five children, born at St. Joseph, Lebret and Devil’s Lake. He then married Elize Laverdure, the daughter of Joseph Laverdure and Therese Villebrun. Baptiste and Elize had nine children, born at SFX, Cypress Hills, Lebret and Wood Mountain. He then married Madeleine Vallee in 1884. A Turtle Mountain Band member, Baptiste, his wife Madeleine Vallee and their five children 15 (from his marriage to Elize Laverdure) appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census from 1884 to 1892.

Charette, Joseph. (1841-1890)

Joseph Charette was born on December 22, 1841 at St. Norbert, the son of Joseph Charette (b. 1816) and Marie-Anne Gosselin. He married

15 Louis (b. 1871), Sarah (b. 1873), Jean (b. 1874), Elise (b. 1874) and Therese (b. 1880); all born at Cypress Hills.

Rosalie Collin, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Collin and Elizabeth Henry. In the 1881 Canada

1890 at Duck Lake and his son Joseph Jr. died

 

Collin, Louise. (b. 1833)

Census they are recorded as Household # 7 in the Cypress Hills. Their children are listed as Joseph (14), Moise (11), Baptiste (14), Marie (9), Ernestine (8), Daniel (6) and Armidas (4). In 1885, Joseph Sr. and Joseph Jr. (1867- 1890), then living at Duck Lake, were active in the 1885 Metis Resistance. Joseph died in March

the following November.

Louise was born at Red River, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Collin and Elizabeth Henry. Elizabeth Henry was the daughter of Alexandre Henry the Younger and his Chippewa wife. Louise first married Antoine Langer then married to Daniel (Donald) Welsh or Wills (b. 1840), the son of Edouard Wills and Isabelle McGillis. Jean Baptiste Langer Louise’s son by her first marriage also signed this Cypress Hills

Choquette (Charette), Jean. (b. 1842)

 

petition. Jean Baptiste was married to Justine

Jean Baptiste was born in 1842, the son of

Malaterre (b. 1855), the daughter of Alexis

Joseph Charette (b. 1816) and Marie-Anne Gosselin. He was the younger brother of Joseph (above). He married Marie Louisa Parenteau, the daughter of Pierre Parenteau and Josephte Delorme, in 1865 at St. Norbert. He subsequently married Isabelle Dease, the daughter of William Dease and Marguerite Genthon in 1871 at St. Norbert.

Malaterre and Marguerite Ward at Lebret in 1876. He was a member of the Turtle Mountain Band. In the 1881 Canada Census Jean Baptiste and Justine are recorded as househols #2 in Cypress Hills. Living with them are their two children Jean Baptiste Jr. age 4, and Justine (one month) as well as Moise St. Denis (age 29) and Moise Dasi (age19).

Chercoté, Edouard 16

 

Courchene, Cecile. (b. 1837)

Chercoté, Médard

Cecile was born in St. Boniface, the daughter of Francois Courchene (b. 1796) and

Chercoté, Pascal

his second wife, Francoise Beauchamp. Cecile married Jean Baptiste Ouellette, the son of

Clyne (Klyne), Duffle. (b. 1840)

 

Joseph Ouellette and Therese Houle in 1858 at Pembina.

Andrew Klyne was born on September 14, 1840 at Point Douglas, the son of Michael Klyne

Davis, Alexandre “Pug-un-auck”. (b. 1852)

Sr. and Madeleine Millet dit Beauchemin. He

Alexandre “Pug un auhk” Davis was born

married Elise Desjarlais, the daughter of Antoine Desjarlais and Louise Vallee in 1866 at St. Joseph, North Dakota. This buffalo hunting family had children born across the plains at wood Mountain, Devil’s Lake, and Lebret.

at Pembina in 1852, he was the son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julianne Desnommé. His parents were both members of the Turtle Mountain Band. 17 Alexander was married to Eulalie Gladue, the daughter of Antoine Gladue

and Catherine Fagnant

He signed the 1878

Clyne (Klyne), William. (b. 1843)

 

.. Cypress Hills petition for a Metis Reserve along

William Klyne

was

the

son

of Michael

with his brothers, William, Louis, Alexandre and

Klyne Sr. and Madeleine Millet dit Beauchemin.

Collin, Rosalie. (1842)

Jean

Baptiste Jr ..

He married Marie Madeleine Poitras, the daughter of Joseph Poitras and Suzanne

Davis, Baptiste Jr. “Boinence”. (b. 1822)

Laverdure in 1871 at St. Boniface. The family lived at Wood Mountain and Willow Bunch.

Jean Baptiste “Boin-ence” Davis was born in 1822 at St. Boniface, the son of Jean Baptiste Davis (b. 1777) and Josephte (Saulteaux/ Chippewa). Josephte was Josephte

Rosalie was born in St. Boniface, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Collin and Elizabeth Henry. Elizabeth Henry was the daughter of Alexandre Henry the Younger and his Chippewa wife. Rosalie married Joseph Charette, the son of Joseph Charette and Marie Gosselin.

Mijakammikijikok (Mezhekamakuikok) who was first married to fur trader Alexandre Wilkie. Thus Jean Baptiste Davis and Jean Baptiste Wilkie were half-brothers. His parents were both members of the Turtle Mountain Band.

16 The only Chercote we have identified in the area is a

17 Gail Morin. Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Pembina Band;

Caroline Chercote who married George Thomas Inkster (b.

Annuity Payments and Census. Quinton Publications, n.d. p.

1849). He died at Towner N.D.

24.

Jean Baptiste Davis married Julie Desnomme, the daughter of Pierre Desnomme

sometime before 1838. This family appears in the 1850 Pembina census as family # 115. 18 He was a counselor and Headman to Chief Little Shell. 19 He signed the Augustin Brabant Metis petition from Lake Qu’Appelle, on 11 th September 1874. Baptiste Davis signed as a witness to Treaty Four at Qu’Appelle in 1876. Their daughter, Helene Davis, was born in

  • 1838 at Red River and married Michael Klyne,

the son of Michael Klyne Sr. and Madeleine

Millet dit Beauchemin. Their son, Jean Baptiste Davis III, was born at Red River in 1847, He married Louise Lafontaine, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lafontaine and Francoise Martin in 1870 at Lebret. He later married Emerise Lavallee, the daughter of Francois Xavier Lavallee and Genevieve Morand. He signed the 1878 Cypress

Hills petition for a Metis Reserve. He died before 1938. Their daughter, Maguerite Davis, was born in 1846 at St. Boniface. She married Alexandre Houle, the son of Charles Houle and Catherine Farlardeau. Daughter, Lareine Elise Davis, was born in

  • 1847 at St. Boniface. She married Moise Vallee,

the son of Louis Vallee and Louise Martel.

Davis, Catherine. (b. 1832)

Catherine was

born at

St. Boniface,

the

daughter of Jean Baptiste Davis (b. 1777) and Josephte (Saulteaux). She married Antoine Canada dit Henault Jr., the son of Charles Henault and Marie Gray.

Davis, Helene. (b. 1838)

Helene was born at Red River, the daughter

of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnomme. She married Michel Klyne, the son of Michel Klyne and Madeleine Beauchemin, in 1864.

Davis, Lareine Elise. (b. 1847)

18 Lists Baptiste Davis, hunter, age 28, Julie age 25, Helen age 12, Julie age 10, Catherine age 8, Josette age 6, and Baptiste age 4.

19 Counselors for Little Shell III in the 1890s [These men also served as counselors for Little Shell II: Ayse-sense]. Sas Swaine Poitras (67); Kug-kay-dway-wash-kung, William Davis (70), Paydway-walsh-kum, Louis Lenoir; Boin-ence Davis (73); Kar-yence Delorme (50), a son of Auguhk-quay; Sharlo Bottineau (68); Ossaotit, Francois Desmarais (55); Tchee-kee-tarn Parisien (68); Batees-shish Valley (58), son of Norbace Valley; Ahkee-win-nini, Alex Jannott (58); Tcheer- kuhk, Joseph Desmarais (56); Bayriss, Corbet Grant (55); Karn-nar-dah, Antoine Heneult (59); and Jean Batees Gorin (Champagne, 57).

Lareine was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnomme. She married Moise Lavallee, the son of Louis Vallee and Louise Martel.

Davis, Marguerite. (b. 1847)

Marguerite

was

the

daughter

of

Jean

Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnomme. She

married Alexandre Houle, the son of Charles

Houle and Catherine Falardeau

in

1871

at

Lebret.

Davis, Louis “Kay payshk”. (b. 1856)

Louis “Kay payshk” Davis was born on May 28, 1856, he was also a son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julianne Desnommé. He married Theresa Desjarlais at St. François Xavier. His father was one of the Metis hunters who had signed the Half-Breed petition from Lake Qu’Appelle in 1874. 20 Louis was a member of Captain Edouard Dumont’s company, one of the 19 dizaines led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance. His parents were both members of the Turtle Mountain Band. He married Theresa Desjarlais at St. François Xavier. His father was one of the Metis hunters who had signed the Half-Breed petition from

Lake Qu’Appelle in 1874. Louis signed the 1878 Cypress Hills petition for a Metis Reserve. Louis was a member of Captain Edouard Dumont’s company, one of the 19 dizaines led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance.

Davis, Michel (b. 1853)

Michel

was

born

in

1852,

the

son

of

William Davis and Marie Enno. He married Flavie Henry. Although the Davis family did not live permanently at Turtle Mountain after 1863, they always returned when not out hunting on the prairie. In 1877, the family and ten others travelled from Milk River, Bear Paw, the Judith Basin, the Little Missouri and Cypress Hills before returning to Turtle Mountain. 21 The family moved to the Judith Basin of Montana in 1879.

Michel and his father, William Sr. were signatories to Riel’s August 20, 1880 petition to Major General N.A. Miles requesting support for the Montana Half-Breeds.

20 Requesting a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between November 14 th and February 15 th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land (A strip of land 150 miles long along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border. This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north).

21 Katie Pollock, “From Borderlands to Bordered Lands: The Plains Metis and the 49 th Parallel, 1869-1885.” Edmonton:

University of Alberta, M.A. dissertation, 2009: 98.

Davis, William “Kug-kay-dway-wash-kung”. (b. 1823)

William was the son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julianne Desnommé. His parents were both members of the Turtle Mountain Band. his brother Jean Baptiste Davis (listed above) also signed this petition. William “Kug-kay-dway-wash-kung” Davis (b. 1823) is listed on the 1850 Pembina census as a hunter as family #116. William is shown as age 26, his wife Marie Vallee as age 20 and their son William as age six. William was born at Red River, the son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Betsy Josette, La Saulteuse. They moved to Pembina in the late 1840s. He married Marie Enno Heneault, then Marie Vallée at Pembina in 1862. William was also a counsellor for chiefs Little Shell II and III. William was a signatory to Riel’s August 20, 1880 petition to Major General N.A. Miles requesting support for the Montana Half-Breeds. He and his brother Jean Baptiste Jr. were both members of the Turtle Mountain Band. Their son Louis Davis (b. 1869) became one of the members of the Turtle Mountain Police in the early 1900s.

Dease, Helene. (b. 1841)

Helene, known as Ellen, was born on November 24, 1841 at St. Boniface, the daughter of John Warren Dease and Angelique McMillan. Helene married Patrice Breland the son of Pascal Breland and Maria Grant (Cuthbert’s daughter).

Delorme, Bernard. (b. 1855)

Bernard Delorme, a member of Turtle Mountain Band was born on Dec. 20, 1855, the son of Joseph “Akkway” Delorme and Isabelle Gourneau. Bernard was married to Sophia LeRat and they were part of the Cowessess Band. She

took discharge from treaty on September 5, 1890. His brother is Joseph Delorme shown below and his sister Isabelle was married to Jean Baptiste Trottier also listed below. Bernard and his family received Turtle Mountain Band annuity payments in 1873 and appear on subsequent census counts. Bernard was married to Sophia LeRat. She took discharge from treaty with Cowessess Band on September 5, 1890.

Delorme, François. (1805-1882)

François was born at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Francois Henault dit Delorme and Charlotte (Saulteaux). He first married Marguerite Desmarais, before 1827. They had one child. He then married Angelique Malaterre,

the daughter of Jean Baptiste Malaterre and Angelique Adam in 1832 at St. Boniface. They had twelve children.

Delorme, Joseph. (b. 1849)

Joseph Delorme dit Com Capetain De- lorme, was born on January 1, 1849, the son of Urbain Henault dit Delorme and Madeleine Vivier. He married Louise McLeod, the daughter of joseph McLeod and Louise Marchand dit Lapierre on February 9, 1875 at St. Francois Xavier. Between 1876 and 1885 they had five children born at Fort Walsh, Lebret, cypress Hills and Calgary.

Delorme, Marie. (b. 1833)

Marie was the daughter of Urbain Delorme (b. 1798) and Madeleine Vivier. 22 Marie married Roderick Ross, the son of Hugh Ross and Sarah Short in 1849 at St. Francois Xavier.

Delorme, Norbert “Mankachee” (Frog).

(1837-1898)

Norbert was the son of Urbaine Delorme and Madeleine Vivier. He was born on May 8, 1837 at St. François Xavier. He married Charlotte Gervais, the daughter of Alexis Gervais and Madeleine Gervais on June 7, 1858 at St. François Xavier. The couple hunted buffalo on the plains for many years. He was then involved in freighting and other work with the HBC. He was the older brother to Joseph Delorme. He moved to the North West Territory in 1874. In 1874 Norbert was one of the Metis hunters who had signed the Half-Breed petition from Lake Qu’Appelle. In 1878, Norbert and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. Norbert settled at St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan in 1880 and worked as a freighter for the HBC. He was a member of Riel’s Council (Exovedate) at Batoche during the 1885 Resistance. Delorme’s St. Laurent home served as military headquarters for the Metis campaign. Riel sent him to the Battleford area to enlist the support of the Indians in that area. On April 16, 1885, Norbert and Fine Day took some prisoners at the Bresaylor Settlement. The Indian and Metis camps were separate. The Metis leaders were Norbert Delorme and André Nault however the leaders of the combined group were Delorme and Rattler (Fine Day). Norbert led the Metis fighters during the

22 Madeleine was the daughter of Alexis Vivier and Marie Anne his Assiniboine wife.

battle of Cut Knife Hill. Norbert fled to Montana then moved to Alberta after 1885. He set up a ranching operation at Pincher Creek. (With contributions by Larry Haag, Metis Resource Centre.)

Delorme, Sarah. (b. 1842)

Sarah was born on January 22, 1842, the

daughter of Urbain Delorrme and Madeleine Vivier. She married Moise Breland, the son of Alexandre Breland and Emelie Wills, in 1860 at St. Francois Xavier.

DeMntigny (Montigny), Charles. (b. 1845)

Charles Demontigny although born at St. Francois Xavier was a Turtle Mountain Band member, the son of Charles Demontigny Sr. (b. 1819) and Marie Desjarlais. He first was married to Nancy Thorne in 1867, then to Maria Branconnier in 1905. His father, Charles Sr. had worked for Antoine Desjarlais at Fort Desjarlais in the Souris River Valley in the 1840-50s.

DeMontigny, Marie. (b. 1841)

Marie was born on June 22, 1841, the

daughter of Charles DeMontigney (b. 1819) and Marie Desjarlais.Marie married Edward Wills, the son of Edouard Wills and Isabelle McGillis, in 1863 at St. Francois Xavier.

Desjardins, Elise. (b. 1852)

Elise was born on September 16, 1852 at

St. vital, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Desjardins and Marguerite Hamelin. She married Francois Dubois, the son of Francois Dubois and Madeleine Laberg in 1870 at St. Boniface.

Desjarlais, Elise. (b. 1850)

Elise was born at St. Joseph’s, N.D., the

daughter of Antoine Desjarlais and LaLouise

Vallee (b. 1829). Elise married Andre Klyne

(b.1840), the son of

Michel

Madeleine Millet dite Beauchemin.

Klyne and

Desjarlais, Deume (b. 1853)

Jean Baptiste Desjarlais born August 26, 1853, was the son of Antoine Desjarlais (b. 1818) and Louise Richard. He married Marie Whitford, the daughter of James Whitford and Marguerite Fagnant on June 29, 1876. Marie’s parents and four of her brothers signed the Cypress Hills petition.

Desjarlais, Marguerite. (b. 1833)

Marguerite was born at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Desjarlais (b. 1790)

and Charlotte Cardinal. She married Joseph Tait Sr., the son of James Tait and Sarah (Saulteaux) in 1853 at St. Francois Xavier.

Desjarlais, Marie Angelique. (b. c. 1839)

Marie was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Desjarlais and Marie Martin. She married Michel Trottier the son of Andre Trottier and Marguerite Paquette dite St. Denis in 1857 at St. Francois Xavier.

Desjarlais, Theresa. (b. 1851)

Theresa was born on November 1, 1851, the daughter of Andre Desjarlais and Josephte Fagnant. She married Louis Davis, the son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnomme in 1876 at Lebret.

Desmarais, John. (b. 1841) John Desmarais was born in July 1941, at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Joseph Desmarais and Adelaide Clermont. He was first married to Rose Gervais, the daughter of Francois Gervais and Angelique Kekekons in 1864. He then married Helene Gosselin, the daughter of Francois Gosselin and Suzanne Lafournaise in 1869 at St. Norbert. John and Helene had children born at Battleford, Batoche, Fort Walsh and Wood Mountain. He then married Marie Frederick (b. 1843) the widow of Joseph Dussaume Sr. before 1887.

Desmarais, Josephte. (b. 1845)

Josephte was the daughter of Michel Desmarais (b. 1810) and Josephte Rochon (b. 1819). She married Charles Cardinal. Charles Cardinal was born on January 5, 1838 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Jacques Cardinal and Genevieve Pelletier. He married Josephte Desmarais in 1861. They lived at St. Francois Xavier, Qu’Appelle, File Hills, Wood Mountain

and Lebret. The fanmily is recorded in the 1881

Canada Census as Household # 67 at Wood Mountain. Charles lists his occupation as “hunter.” With them are, William (22), Francois (8), Octavie (23), Marie (20), Emerise (12), Elise (5), Julie (3) and Joseph (1).

Desnomme, Julie.

Julie was the daughter of Pierre Desnomme (b. 1815) and Madeleine Deschamps dite Ayotte. Jean Baptiste Davis married Julie Desnomme, the daughter of Pierre Desnomme sometime before 1838. This family appears in the 1850

Pembina census as family # 115. 23 He was a counselor and Headman to Chief Little Shell. 24 He signed the Augustin Brabant Metis petition from Lake Qu’Appelle, on 11 th September 1874. Baptiste Davis signed as a witness to Treaty Four at Qu’Appelle in 1876. Their daughter, Helene Davis, was born in 1838 at Red River and married Michael Klyne, the son of Michael Klyne Sr. and Madeleine Millet dit Beauchemin.

Dubois (Bois), Ambroise. (b. 1856)

Ambroise Dubois was born on August 18, 1856, the son of Francois Dubois (b. 1822) and Madeleine Laberge. He married Angelique Caron, the daughter of Jean Caron and Marguerite Dumas, they lived at St. Laurent and Batoche.

Dubois (Bois), François. (b. 1850)

Francois Dubois was born on August 15, 1850, the son of Francois Dubois and Madeleine Laberge. 25 He married Elise Desjardins, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Desjardins and Marguerite Hamelin in 1870 at St. Boniface. They lived at Wood Mountain and St. Francois Xavier.

Dubois (Bois), Joseph (Jean Baptiste) Jr. (b.

1849)

Jean Baptiste Dubois Jr. was born 1849 at Ste. Agathe, the son of Jean Baptiste Dubois and Marie Anne Laberge. Jean Jr. married Josephte Larence the daughter of Basil Larence (b. 1776 at St. Boniface) and Agathe Callihoo dit Karakonti, born circa 1811 in Slave Lake (They married August 21, 1838 in Fort Carleton). They had seventeen children born at Wood Mountain and St. Joseph, North Dakota.

Dubois (Bois) Joseph (Jean Baptiste) Sr. (b.

1826)

  • 23 Lists Baptiste Davis, hunter, age 28, Julie age 25, Helen age 12, Julie age 10, Catherine age 8, Josette age 6, and Baptiste age 4.

  • 24 Counselors for Little Shell III in the 1890s [These men also served as counselors for Little Shell II: Ayse-sense]. Sas Swaine Poitras (67); Kug-kay-dway-wash-kung, William Davis (70), Paydway-walsh-kum, Louis Lenoir; Boin-ence Davis (73); Kar-yence Delorme (50), a son of Auguhk-quay; Sharlo Bottineau (68); Ossaotit, Francois Desmarais (55); Tchee-kee-tarn Parisien (68); Batees-shish Valley (58), son of Norbace Valley; Ahkee-win-nini, Alex Jannott (58); Tcheer- kuhk, Joseph Desmarais (56); Bayriss, Corbet Grant (55); Karn-nar-dah, Antoine Heneult (59); and Jean Batees Gorin (Champagne, 57).

  • 25 Francois Senior’s brother Jean Baptiste Dubois married his sister-in-law Marie Anne Laberge.

Jean Baptiste Dubois was born 1826 in Red River Settlement, the son of Francois Dubois Sr.

  • (b. 1775) and Angelique Lariviere (b. 1775). He

married Marie Anne Laberge. She was born 1834

in Red River Settlement. He subsequently married Marguerite Caron in 1876. Joseph and Marie Anne had ten children. Their son Alexandre (b. 1855) married Marguerite Dease

  • (b. 1853), the daughter of Metis leader William

Dease and Marguerite Genthon.

Dubois (Bois), Norbert. (b. 1852)

Norbert Dubois was born at Fort Alexander on April 27, 1852, the son of Jean Baptiste Dubois (b. 1826) and Marie Anne Laberge. He married Elise Larocque, the daughter of Louis Larocque and Marie Savoyard dit Berthelet, at St Agathe in 1872. They had ten children and born at Wood Mountain, St. Joseph and Leroy, North Dakota.

Dosa (Ducharme), Baptiste. (b. 1826)

Jean Baptiste Ducharme was born on July 15, 1826 at St. Clements, the son of Nicholas Ducharme dit Charon and his second wife Charlotte (Saulteaux) Abinoche. He married Magdeleine Houle, the daughter of Antoine Houle and Marguerite (Saulteaux) before 1842. Her sister Theresa was married to Antoine Ouelette who also signed this petition. They had five children who also signed this petition : Jean Baptiste (b. 1848), Cleophas (b. 1850), Jean Chrysotome (b. 1852), Cuthbert (b. 1860) and Hyacinthe (b. 1862).

Ducharme, Justine. (b. 1856)

Justine was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Ducharme (b. 1826) and Magdeleine Houle who was the daughter of Antoine Houls and Marguerite (Saulteaux). Justine married to Elzear Swain, the son of John Swain and Marie Marguerite Allary in 1874.

Ducharme, Madeleine. (b. 1830)

Madeleine was born at Red River, the

daughter of Nicholas Ducharme dit Charon and Charlotte (Saulteaux). Madeleine married Antoine (Arsene) Malette. Arsene (Anselme) says on his scrip claim that he left Manitoba in 1860 and in 1870 was living at Ile a la Crosse. When he made application for his own scrip (1885) he was a freighter and had lived in Calgary for four years. He married Madeleine Ducharme, the daughter of Nicholas Ducharme

dit Charon and his second wife Charlotte (Saulteaux) Abinoche in 1860.

Dumont, Isidore Jr. (1833-1885) Isidore was Gabriel Dumont’s older brother. He married Judith Parenteau in December 1847 at St. Boniface. She was the daughter of Joseph Parenteau and Angelique Godon. They had eighteen children. Isidore took part in the Battle of the Grand Coteau of the Missouri in 1851. Isidore was a plains bison hunter who left Manitoba in 1870, lived as far west as Fort Edmonton and by 1872 had settled at St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan. Isidore was involved in the 1885 Resistance at Duck Lake and was one of the Metis Captains. He was killed on March 26, 1885 along the Carlton Road by Thomas McKay, Superintendent Crozier’s English Half-Breed interpreter. At the same time McKay shot and killed Asiyewin, these were the first shots fired in the 1885 Resistance. Isidore Jr. is buried at St. Antoine de Padoue Cemetery, Batoche.

Dumont, Isidore Jr. (b. 1859)

Isidore, his wife and three children appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census of 1886.

Dumont, Isidore Sr. dit Ecapow. (1810-1885) Isidore “Ecapow” Dumont was Gabriel Dumont’s father. He first married Louise Laframboise and they had seven children who lived past infancy: Isidore Jr., Pélagie, Gabriel, Joseph, Isabelle, Edouard, and Elie. In the 1830s Isidore and his family moved to Red River and were living with his wife’s parents until moving to the Saskatchewan River valley in 1840 near Fort Pitt. In 1848 he returned to White Horse Plain and for several years split his time between there and Saskatchewan. His second wife was Angie (Angele) Landry, the daughter of Joseph Landry and Genevieve Lalonde, they were married on June 10, 1867 at St. Norbert. They had three children who lived past infancy; Marguerite, Joseph and Marie. Isidore Sr. was part of the original 1871 St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan governing committee and was elected as a St. Laurent Council member in 1873 and 1874. Isidore was a witness during the signing of Treaty Six at Fort Carlton on September 9, 1876. In 1878, Isidore and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. 26

26 Requesting a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between November 14 th and February 15 th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land (A strip of land 150 miles long along

Although

not

active

in

the

fighting

at

Batoche Isidore did supply provisions and

sheltered his son and others after the final battle.

He died just after the defeat

at

Batoche. He is

mentioned in the documents of the 1850s as

trading at Fort Ellice. His nickname was “Ecapow” and the Cree Indians called him “Ai caw paw” (The Immoveable or Unshakeable One).

Dusanne (Ducharme), Baptiste (b. 1848)

Five of the Ducharme brothers were part of

the Cypress Hills Metis hunting band :

Jean Baptiste

Jean Chrysostome

Cuthbert

Hyacinthe, and

Cleophas

Jean Baptiste Ducharme was born at Baie St. Paul on February 5, 1848, the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle. He married Euphrosine Virginie Flamand , the daughter of Antoine Flamand and Marguerite Lafreniere in 1870 at St. Francoise Xavier. They had five children borna t Lebret, Fort Ellice, and Saskatoon.

Scrip affidavit for Ducharme, Jean Baptiste Jr.; born: 5 February 1848; father: Baptiste Ducharme Sr. (Métis); mother: Madeleine Houle

(Métis); claim no.: 1168; date of issue: Aug. 20,

1876.

Scrip affidavit for Ducharme, Verginie; wife of Jean Baptiste Ducharme Jr.; born: December 10, 1850; father: Antoine Flamand (Métis); mother:

Marguerite Lafreniere (Métis); claim no.: 1169; date of issue: August 20, 1876.

Dusanne, Chrysostôme (b. 1852)

Jean Chrysostome Ducharme was born on August 26, 1852, the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle. He married Marie Allary the daughter of Francois Allary and charlotte Malaterre in 1875 at Lebret. He subsequently married clemence Cardinal, the daughter of Andre Cardinal and Rosalie Berland in 1877 at St. Eustache.

Ducharme, Chrysostome; heir to his deceased son, unnamed; claim no. 964; born: 4 November, 1879 at Moose Jaw; died: 5 November, 1879 at Moose Jaw;

address: Newton Siding; father: Chrysostome

the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border. This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north.

Ducharme (Métis); mother: Clemence Cardinal (Métis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1746

Ducharme, Chrysostome; for his son, William Ducharme; claim no. 583; address: Newton Siding; born: 16 April, 1884 at Maple Creek; father:

Chrysostome Ducharme (Métis and deponent); mother: Clemence Cardinal (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 2216

Dusanne, Cuthbert (b. 1860)

Cuthbert Ducharme was born on August 12,

1860, the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle. He married Josephte Belhuneur dit Monet, the daughter of Michel Monet dit Belhumeur and Louise Gonneville in

  • 1882 at St. Eustache.

Scrip affidavit for Ducharme, Cuthbert; born: 16 August 1960; father: Baptiste Ducharme; Mother:

Madeleine Ducharme.

Dusanne, Lyasant (b. 1862)

Hyacinthe Ducharme was born on April 19, 1862, the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle. He married Marie Rose Larocque, the daughter of Louis Larocque and Suzanne Ledoux in 1881 at St. Eustache.

Dusanne, Wallace (b. 1850)

Cleophas Ducharme was born on September 8, 1850, the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle. He married Victoria Ledoux, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Ledoux and Marguerite Breland in 12874 at Duck Lake. They had eight children borna at St. Francoise Xavier and at Wood Mountain.

Scrip affidavit for Ducharme, Victoire (nee Ledoux); wife of Cleophas Ducharme; born: 1854; father: Jean Baptiste Ledoux; mother: Marguerite Brelaud

Fagnant, Catherine. (b. 1835)

Catherine was born at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Francois Fagnant and Madeleine Lemire. Catherine married Antoine Gladu Jr., the

son of charles Gladu and Madeleine Poitras in

  • 1857 at Pembina.

Fagnant, Genevieve. (b. 1835)

Genevieve was born at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Fagnant (b. 1801) and Josephte Monet dite Belhumeur. Josephte was the daughter of Michel Monet dit Belhumeur and Cuthbert Grant’s sister Marguerite Grant. Genevieve married Pierre

Leveille., the son of Pierre Leveille and Julie

McKenzie in 1856 at St. Francois Xavier.

Fagnant, Marguerite. (b. 1826)

Marguerite was born at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Fagnant (b. 1801) and Josephte Monet dite Belhumeur. Marguerite

married James Francois “Jimmy” Whitford, the son of Francois Whitford and Marie Gladu in 1852 at St. Francois Xavier.

Fagnant : Also see Fayand

Falcon, Isabelle. (b. 1819)

Isabelle was born at St. Francois Xavier,

the daughter of Pierre Falcon and Cuthbert Grant’s daughter Marie Grant. Isabelle married Andre Trottier, the son of Andre Trottier and Marguerite Paquette dite St. Denis, on May 7,

1839 at St. Francois Xavier. Isabelle fought alongside the men at the Battle of the Grand Coteau in 1851.

Falcon, Jean Baptiste “Che-ma-na”. (b. 1826)

Jean Baptiste was born near Devil’s Lake in the Dakota Territory. He was the son of Pierre Falcon (b. 1793) and Marie Grant (the daughter of Cuthbert Grant). He married Marie Nolin, the daughter of Augustin Nolin and Helene Cameron in 1846. He was the buffalo hunt leader for the St. Francois Xavier Metis. He died in 1910 at St. Anne, MB. He was a Metis leader at the Battle of the Grand Coteau in 1851. This battle took place between a Metis buffalo hunting party from St. François Xavier, led by Jean Baptiste Falcon and the Cut Head (Pabaksa) Yanktonai (Ihanktonwanna), Dakota, led by Chief Medicine (Sacred) Bear, on July 15 to 16, 1851. his sister, Isabelle Falcon, also participated in this battle.

Jean Baptiste’s son Francis Falcon would record in 1938:

Jean Baptiste Falcon was going around

acting as captain, his sister Isabelle was

fighting in his place. She never

left him

alone during the three days battle, she would force him to rest and during that

time she would shoot and she was a good

shot too. Everytime

they

would shoot, it

was sure a Sioux would fall. And they

would shoot from sunrise to sunset everyday.

Jean Baptiste Falcon and Marie Nolin had the following children:

Marie, born May 27, 1849 at Baie St.

Paul. She married Antoine Desjarlais, the son of Antoine Desjarlais and Louise Richard. Melanie, born July 28, 1850 at St.

Francois Xavier. She married Hippolyte Beaudry, the son of Narcisse Beaudry and Lucie Breland. Pierre Falcon, born November 11, 1851

at St. Francoise Xavier. He married Florestine McGillis, the daughter of John McGillis and Marie Breland. Rose, born January 17, 1853 at St.

Francois Xavier. She married Francois Roussin, the son of Francois roussin and Elise Courchene .. Emelie, born October 15, 1854 at St.

Francois Xavier. She married Octave Perreault, the son of Norbert Perreault and Monique Hamelin. Alphonsine, born December 2, 1856.

She married Norbert Blanchette, the son of Jean Louis Blanchette and Adelaide Poissant in 1883. She then married Louis Mainville in 1826. Josephte, born October 25, 1859 at St.

Francois Xavier. Francois, born December 22, 1861 at St.

Francois Xavier. Madeleine, born March 21, 1863 at St.

Francois Xavier. She married Francois Berard, the son of Jeremie Berard and Philomene Huppe. Gregoire, born August 21, 1864 at SFX

and died on November 5, 1865. Jean Baptiste, born May 27, 1866 at St.

Francois Xavier and died June 13, 1866. Charles, born November 27, 1867 at St.

Francois Xavier. He married Marie Justine Paul, the daughter of William Paul and Flavie Page in 1894 Isabelle, born August 5, 1869 at St.

Francois Xavier. She married Albert Morin, the son of David Morin and Desneiges Nault in 1895. Augustin, born March 10, 1871.

Angelique, born March 5, 1873. She married David Roussin, the son of Francois Roussin and Elise Courchene in 1899.

Farmah, Edward Say

Farmah, Leander Say

Fayand (Fagnant), François Xavier. (b. 1837)

Francois Fagnant was born at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Francois Fagnant Sr. and Madeleine Lemire. He married Marie Bonneau the daughter of Pierre Bonneau and Louise Gariepy. Their ten children were born across the prairies at Oak Lake, Lebret, Wood Mountain, Cypress Hills and Dupuyer, Montana. He died on March 14, 1912 at St. Peter’s Mission, Montana.

Fayiant, William “Kee-tar-kiss.” (b. 1852)

William “Kee-tar-kiss” Fagnant was born on November 8, 1852 the son of Francois Fagnant Sr. and Madeleine Lemire. He married Betsy Parisien, daughter of Joseph Parisien and Marguerite Lavallee at Lebret in 1872. He then married Julia Lafontaine before 1886 and they had ten children. In his scrip application William says that he left for the NWT three years before the transfer and was with them at Wood Mountain, white Mud River and Cypress Hills. He was then living at Oak Lake of qu’Appelle.

Fagnant, William - Concerning his claim as a child - Address, Qu'Appelle, P.O. [Post Office] - Born, 1853 at Red River - Father, Francois Fagnant, (Métis), deceased - Mother, Madeleine Lemire, (Métis) - Married, 1875 to Betsy Parisien, deceased - Scrip for $240 - Claim 1557.

Fayand, “Trefflé” Theophile. (b. 1863)

Theophile was the son of Francois Fagnant Jr. and Marie Bonneau. His uncle William Fagnant (Fayiant) is listed above. On his mother’s side his grandfather Pierre Bonneau Sr. and her brothers Charles, Basile, Julien and Pierre Jr. were also part of this hunting group. In his scrip application he says that he was with his parents near Regina in 1870 and was then a plains hunter. He took up residence at Qu’Appelle in 1884.

Fagnant, Theophile - Concerning his claim as a child - Address, Fort Qu'Appelle, P.O. [Post Office] - Born, January 2, 1863 at Oak Lake, Manitoba - Father, Xavier Fagnant, (Métis) - Mother, Marie Bonneau, (Métis) - Scrip for $240 - Claim 58.

Fiddler, Peter (b. 1825)

Peter Fidler was born on March 15, 1825 in

St. James, the son of Charles Fidler and Ann Saunders. He married (1860) Jane Lambert, the daughter of Etienhne Lambert and Catherine Gaddy, then married Therese Swain, the

daughter of John Swain and Marie Marguerite Allery in 1871. Theresa’s brother, Alexandre Swain, also signed the Cypress Hills petition.

Fisher, Madeleine. (b. 1831)

Madeleine

was

the

daughter

of

Henry

Munroe Fisher (b. 1800) and Marguerite Laframboise. Madeleine married Francois Poitras, the son of Andre Poitras and Cuthbert Grant’s sister Marguerite Grant, in 1850 at Pembina.

Flamand, Euphrosine. (b. 1850)

Euphrosine

was

born

on

December

10,

1850 at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of

Antoine Flamand (b. 1818) and Marguerite Lafreniere. She married Jean Baptiste Ducharme the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle in 1870 at St. Francois Xavier.

Fournier, Philomene. (b. 1847)

Philomene was born on April 18, 1847 at

St. Boniface, the daughter of Francois Fournier dit Wiskway (b. 1796) and Angelique Methote.This family was at Pembina in 1850 and enumerated as Family # 124. Philomene married Chrysologue Pelletier, the son of Jean Baptiste Pelletier and Madeleine Deschamps in 1870 at Lebret.

Gaddy (Gaddie, Gordi) Alexandre Sr.

Alexander Gaddie Sr. was member of the Cowessess Band, he was a farmer on the reserve, and a former Headman of the band. In the 1870s he was hired as an interpreter for Cowessess Band. Alexandre was first married to Margaret Kennedy (Métis) and then to Eliza Lemire (Métis). Eliza (b. circa 1829) was the daughter of Joseph Lemire (b. 1811) and Julie Martin. A number of her brothers were part of the Cypress Hills hunting brigade and signed the 1878 petition for a reserve. Alexander had five children: Mary (b. 1854), Margaret (b. 1857), William (b. 1861), Jane (b. 1863) and Alexander James (b. 1866). The Gaddy (Gaddie) family eventually took treaty and lived on the Cowessess Reserve on Crooked Lake. Later, in 1879, the Gaddie family was part of a group of 25 Metis families detained by the U.S. Army at Fort Buford for illegally hunting in the Milk River Valley. They were subsequently released by Colonel Black of Fort Assiniboine and allowed to winter along the Milk River near the Fort Peck Reserve. The Army reports indicate that Alexander Gordi (Gaddy, Gaddie)

had a letter of permission from Captain Britton to do this. The Gaddy (Gaddie) family eventually took treaty and lived on the Cowessess Reserve on Crooked Lake.

Gaddie, Alexandre; for his deceased children:

Alexander, born: 1877 at Cypress Hills; died:

when 1 month old at Cypress Hills; Unnamed, born: 1873 at Cypress Hills; died: when 1 week old at Cypress Hills; father: Alexandre Gaddie (Métis and deponent); mother: of unnamed child Margaret Kennedy (Métis) and of Alexander, Eliza Lemire (Métis); address: Crooked Lake; claim no. 385.

Gaddy (Gaddie), Alexander James. (1866)

Alexandre James Gaddy was born in 1866 at Portage la Prairie the son of Alexandre Gaddy. He married Marie Rose Lavallee at Crooked Lake in 1884. Marie Rose was band member #101 of Cowessess Band. Alexander was band member #3 at Cowessess. Both left Treaty in

1886.

Gaddy, Alexandre James; address: Crooked Lake; claim no. 1265; born: 1866 at Portage la Prairie; father: Alexandre Gaddy (Métis); mother: (Métis); married: Winter, 1885 at Crooked Lake to Marie Rose Lavallée; scrip for

$240.00

Gaddy, William (b. 1861)

Gaddy, William - Concerning his claim as a Métis child - Address, Medicine Hat - Born, 1861 at Portage la Prairie - Father, Alexander Gaddy, (Métis) - Mother, Marguerite Kennedy, (Métis) - Scrip for $240 - Claim

Gariépy, Bonaventure. (1865)

Bonaventure Gariepy was born at Qu’Appelle in 1865, the son of Alexandre Gariepy (b. 1842) and Genevieve Cadotte.

Alexandre’s seconf wife was Mary Gaddie, the daughter of Alexandre Gaddy and Marguerite Kennedy. Alexander Gaddie was a member of this hunting band and signed the petition. Bonaventure married Madeleine Larocque, the daughter of Joseph Larocque and Madeleine Fagnant in 1883 at Judith Basin, Montana.

Gariepy, Bonaventure - Concerning his claim as a Métis child - Address, Medicine Hat, P.O. [Post Office] - Born, 1865 at Qu'Appelle - Father, Alexandre Gariepy, (Métis) - Mother, Geneviève Cadotte, (Métis) - Married, 1883 to Catherine Larocque - Children living, one, Rosalie born 1884 - Scrip for $240 - Claim 336.

Larocque, Catherine - Concerning her claim as a child - Address, Medicine Hat - Born, 1864 at St. Francois Xavier - Father, Joseph Larocque, (Métis) - Mother, Madeleine Fagnant, (Métis) - Married, 1883 at Judith Basin to Bonaventure Gariepy - Children living, one, Rosalie born 1884 - Scrip for $240 - Claim 408

Gariepy, Caroline. (b. 1842)

Caroline

was

the

daughter

of

Francois

Gariepy (b. 1824) and Helene Poitras (the

daughter of Cuthbert Grant’s sister Marguerite). Carolinemarried to Guillaume or William Lafournaise, the son of Jean Baptiste Lafournaise and Marguerite Gosselin.

Guardipee (Gariepy), Eli “Isinamaken”

(1857-1942)

Elie Gariepy was born on May 31, 1857 at Turtle Mountain, the son of Jean Baptiste Gariepy (b. 1832) and Judith Cardinal. Elie is a grandson of Louis Gariepy (b. 1771) and Josephte Ducharme, a St. Francois Xavier Metis family. 27 Elie married Antonia Kataitsipi-tsaki, the daughter of Matusohn and Auetsipiaki on December 5, 1885 at Badger Creek Agency, St. Peter’s Mission, Montana. He was subsequently married to Sadimina, “Saddie”. They lived on the Pikuni Blackfoot reserve in Teton County, Montana. Eli was a tall blue-eyed Michif man. His Blackfoot name was “Takes Gun Ahead”. In the 1800 census he is shown living at North Bank, Upper Teton River, Choteau, with wife Mary Guardupee, sons John and unnamed Guardupee.In the 1904 census he is shown as:

Eli L Guardipee / male / Head / age 47 / listed with wife Sadie Guardipee, sons Frank, Charles and William Joseph Guardipee, daughters Josephine, Louise and Agnes Guardipee. In the 1910 census he is living at Blackfeet Indian Reservation, Teton County, with wife Sadie Guardipee, daughters Louisa and Agnes Guardipee, son William Guardipee.

James Willard Schultz describes Eli in his book “My Life as an Indian”

The Pikunis and a few lodges of Bloods arrived soon after we completed the post, and came, too, one who was to become and always remain a close friend of mine, Eli Guardipee, named by the Pikunis Isinamakan, "Takes Gun

27 Louis Gariepy was a voyageur with the North West Company (1804, 1811-1820) and the Hudson’s Bay Company (1821-1824). In 1824 he retired to St. Francois Xavier where he worked as a blacksmith.

Ahead." He was of that family for which so many places in the north are named, as, for instance, the Guardipee Crossing of Bow River. He was but a year older than I; tall, slender, very intelligent, kind of heart, brave to a fault; and the most successful hunter, the surest shot that I have ever known.

Larocque, Catherine - Concerning her claim as a child - Address, Medicine Hat - Born, 1864

Isinamakan, at centre. (# 159, James W. Schultz Photograph Collection, Montana State University)

In 1878, Elie and the other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking

for a special Metis reserve of land. 28 Elie’s older brother Leonide “Can-da-we-cam-chi” (b. 1852) also signed this petition. He lived with Chief Rocky Boy’s group. They also signed the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6,

1880.

Garapee (Guardipee, Gariepy), Jean Baptiste

(b. 1832) Jean Baptiste was born at Red River on July 7, 1832, at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Louis Marie “Awistoyus” Gariepy (b. 1771) and:

Josephte Suzette “Nahasthay” Ducharme (b. 1806, died 1871 on the Marias River). His father, Louis was a voyageur first with the NWC then after amalgamation with the HBC. He retired to St. Francois Xavier in 1824. Baptiste married Judith Cardinal on June 4, 1855 in St Francois Xavier. She was the daughter of Antoine Cardinal and Marie DeMontigny Comtois. Baptiste’s wife Julia was born in Montana in 1828. In 1878 Baptiste and his son

28 Requesting a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between

November 14 th and February 15 th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land (A strip of land 150 miles long along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border. This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north.

Elie were members of the group of buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills who petitioned the government for a reserve. 29

Children of Jean Baptiste and Judith:

Emelie Gariepy, born August 31, 1855

in St Francois Xavier. She married Adophus Fellers. Elie, born May 31, 1857 at St. Francois

  • 1873 at Cypress hills, married Gabriel

Xavier. He married Antoinia "Katataitsipi-tsaki" the daughter of Matusohan and Auetsipiaki on December 5, 1875 at Badger Creek, St. Peter’s Mission. Elie also signed this petition. Madeleine Gariepy, born April 13, 1859

in St Francois Xavier. She married Louis Bruno Azure, the son of Antoine “Tu-shish” Azure and Victoiie Lariviere in 1882 at St. Peter’s Mission, Montana. Jean Gariepy, born March 16, 1861. He

married Henrietta Blandion dite White, the daughter of William Blandion and Rosalie Malaterre in 1882 at St. Perters Mission, Montana. Melanie Gariepy, born, 1863 at St.

Francois Xavier. Charles Gariepy, married Kate

Sherman, then married Catherine Fidler. Marie Gariepy, born 1868 on the plains

near Medicine Hat, christened at Teton River, Montana, married Vital Emard, in 1885 at Choteau. Josephine Gariepy, born October 12,

Salois, son of Toussaint Salois and Helene Breland in 1898. She died at Dupuyer, Montana in 1955.

Joseph Gariepy, baptized on july 18,

  • 1874 at the South Fork Teton River,

Montana. He married Marie Philomene Houle, the daughter of charles Houle and Felicite Martel in 1893 at St. Joseph.

Garepee attended a French school at White Horse Plains, Canada, for two years, and this closed his scholastic education, although he

29 They requested a reopening of the buffalo hunt between November 15 and February 15 each year and the granting of a Metis reserve; identified as a strip of land running for 150 miles along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border. This strip of land was to be fifty miles from north to south.

has acquired in the school of life a practical business experience that richly compensates for the lack of the other. Until his father's death, in 1856, he remained at home industriously working on the farm, and after this he became a noted buffalo hunter in Canada, which occupation he followed until 1868, when he came to Montana and located at Fort Benton, which he made headquarters for buffalo hunting until 1882, when the American bison practically ceased to exist and his occupation was gone. But he was equal to the emergency and in that same year secured a ranch on the upper Teton River, eighteen miles from Choteau, Teton County, and for twelve years engaged in stockraising. This property he sold in 1896, and from that time he has resided with his son, Eli, who has a fine ranch on Cut Bank River, and with his daughter. Emily, the wife of Adolphus Fellers, living near Dupuyer, Teton county. Mr. Garepee, although advanced in years, is still healthy and active, and has a number of plans mapped out for hunting and trapping in the mountains. He has seven children ; Mrs, Emily Fellers; Magdaline, now of North Dakota; Johnnie, at St. Peter's mission; Charles, living on the Teton River; Mary, married and residing in Canada; Eli, owner of the ranch on the Cut Bank river, and Josephine, wife of Gabriel Selwood (Salois), now living on the Upper Depuyer River. (From Progessive Men of Montana p. 1557-1558)

1880 Montana Census shows: Guardupee Baptiste / white / male / age 48 / occupation Farmer / cannot read / cannot write / born

Canada / father born Canada / mother born Canada / living at North Bank, Upper Teton River, Choteau, with wife Julia Guardupee, daughters Madaleine, Mary and Josephine Guardupee, sons John and Charles Guardupee,

stepson Joseph Guardupee, stepdaughter Sarah Guardupee, grandson Eli Guardupee, granddaughter Julia Guardupee.

Gariepy, Josephte Helen. (b. 1844)

Josephte was the daughter of Francois Gariepy and Helene Poitras. She married James Grant, the son of Cuthbert Grant and Marie McGillis in 1862 at Pembina.

Gariépy (Guardipee), Leonide “Can-da-we- cam-chi” (b. 1852)

Leonide, called “Can-da-we-cam-chi,” was born or christened on June 2, 1852 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Louis Gariepy and

Marie Cardinal. His grandparents were Louis Gariepy Sr. and Josephte Ducharme. He first married Josephte Boulette (before 1873) then married Marguerite Pelletier at Lebret on September 6, 1875 and was later married to Marie Rose Laroque “Cak-ik-ay-asee-quia” (Going-by-the-Wind), born at Great Falls, Montana, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Larocque and Julie Lemire at Judith Basin, Montana in 1881. In 1878 Leonide and his father Louis were members of the group of buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills who petitioned the government for a reserve. His younger brother Eli “Isinamaken” Guardipee (Gariepy) (1857-1942) also signed this petition. They also signed the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Leonide is listed on the Rocky Boy Band Census of 1909 as #106, age 60, his wife Cak-ik- ay-asee-quia (Going –by-the-Wind) is listed as #107, age 56. Their son Oat-chi-case (James) age 20, born in Alberta, is listed as #108, Louis, age 19 is # 114, and daughter Christine, age 17 is shown as #109. Helen “Mess-app” age 14 is #110. Charles age 10 is #111. Peter “Chat-chepp, age 7, born at Fort Hall is #112. Amelia, age 4, born at Butte, is #113. The family also appears on the Rocky Boy Band Census of 1917.

Scrip application:

Gariepy, Leonide - Concerning his claim as a child - Address, Medicine Hat - Born, 1850 at St. Francois Xavier - Father, Louis Gariepy Jr., (Métis), deceased - Mother, Marie Cardinal, (Métis) - Married, 1877 at Qu'Appelle, to Marguerite Pelletier and to Marie Rose Larocque at Missouri, USA in 1881 - Children living, two (names on declaration) - Children deceased, three - Scrip for $240 - Claim 342

Gariépy, Louis. (b. 1828)

Louis Gariepy was the son of Louis Gariepy and Josephte Ducharme. He married Marie Cardinal the daughter of Antoine Cardinal and Marie Comptois. They had children born in Canada at St. Francois Xavier, Fort Ellice and Lebret as well as in the USA at Flat Willow Creek and Poplar River. Louis and his sons, Leonide and Elie also signed the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880.

Gariepy, Louise. (b. 1803)

Louise was the daughter of Louis Gariepy (b. 1771) and Josephte (Chippewa). Louise married Pierre Bonneau Sr., the son of Jean

Baptiste Bonneau and Louise (Chippewa) in 1830 at St. Boniface.

Gariepy, Marguerite. (b. 1850)

Marguerite Gariepy was born on January 1, 1850 at Riviere aux Castors, the daughter of Bonaventure Gariepy (b. 1825) and Madeleine Larocque. She married Joseph Parisien on May 21, 1871 in Lebret. Joseph was the son of Joseph Parisien and Marguerite Lavallee Martin.

(St.) Germain, Andre “Wah be dee”. (b. 1837)

Andre “Wah be dee” St. Germain was born on December 20, 1837, the son of Francois St. Germain and Louise Fossier. He married Catherine St. Denis; her brother Cuthbert also signed this petition. He then married Louise Short, daughter of James Short and Charlotte Gladu. They had eight children.

Scrip affidavit for St. Germain, André;

born:

January

1,

1838;

father:

François St.

Germain

(French

Canadian);

mother:

Louise

Fossier

(Métis);

claim

no:

2665;

scrip no:

12237; date of issue: April 20, 1877; amount:

$160

Scrip affidavit for St. Germain, Elise; born: 1847; husband: André St. Germain; father:

James Short (Métis); mother: Marie Gladu (Métis); claim no: 1479; scrip no: 10423; date of issue: 21 August 1876; amount: $160.

St.

Germain,

André;

for

his

deceased

children: Thomas, born: 1877 at Grand Clairière; died: May, 1879 at Cypress Hills; Hyacinthe, born: 1878 at Cypress Hills; died:

1885 at St. John; address: Williston, North

Dakota; father: André St. Germain (Métis and deponent); mother Élise Short (Métis); file ref. 958981; claim no. 976.

Scrip affidavit for St. Germain, Elise (nee Short); wife of André St. Germain; concerning the claims of her children: Marie Rose St. Germain, born: 29 December 1865; Henriette St. Germain, born: 5 February 1870.

St. Germain, André; for his minor son, Eli St. Germain; address: Williston, North Dakota; born: 7 March, 1881 at Wood Mountain; father:

André St. Germain (Métis and deponent); mother: Élise Short (Métis); file ref. 958985; claim no. 977.

Gervais, Charlotte. (b. 1840)

Charlotte was born on October 10, 1840, the daughter of Alexis Gervais (b. 1818) and Madeleine Fagnant. She married Norbert

Delorme, the son of Urbain Delormje and Madeleine Vivier in 1858 at St. Francois Xavier.

Giroux dit McGillis, Modeste. (b. 1846)

Modeste was born on February 26, 1846, the son of Alexandre Giroux dit McGillis and Marguerite Mindaimoyien Potino Bottineau. He married Isabelle Poitras, the daughter of Gabriel Poitras Sr. and Isabelle Malaterre in 1866 at St. Francois Xavier. Her farher also signed this petition. They had the following children:

Francois Xavier, b. 1867 at SFX.

 

Marie

Elise, b. 1868, married

Francois Boxeur. Toby, b. 1870 at Wood Mountain,

died 1871 at Lebret. Marie Seraphine, b. 1872, at Wood

Mountain; died 1878 at Cypress Hills. Louis Riel, b. 1874 at Wood

Mountain,

married

Marguerite

Thomas.

Jean Marie, b. 1876 at Wood

Mountain,

died

1877

at

Qu’Appelle. Adele, b. 1878 at Wood Mountain,

died 1878.

 

Mathilda, b. 1879 at Cypress Hills, married Alphonse Langer.

Marguerite,

b.

1883 at

Willow

Bunch,

married Jean Marie

Whitford.

 

Rose Athalie,

b.

1886 at Willow

Bunch, married Peter Dumont then joseph Rainville.

Marie Florestine,

b.

1888

at

Willow Bunch, died 1891.

Gladu, Antoine Sr. (b. c. 1808)

Antoine was the son of Charles Gladu Sr.

and Marguerite Ross. He was first married to Josephte Desjarlais in 1837 at St. Francois Xavier. After her death he married Marie Anne Bourassa, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Bourassa.

Gladu, Antoine Jr. (b. 1835)

Antoine Gladu was born on December 22, 1835 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Charles

Gladu and Madeleine Poitras. He married Catherine Fagnant, the daughter of Francois Fagnant and Madeleine Lemire on September 28, 1857 at Pembina. His two brothers-in-law,

William and Francois Fagnant also signed this petition. Their children were:

Eulalie, born 1858. She later married

Alexander Davis born 1852, the son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnomme. He was a member of this hunting band and signed the petition.

Sarah, born 1860, married James Whitford. James was born at Pembina

on September 14, 1854, the son of

James

F.

Whitford

and Marguerite

Fagnant.

James

also

signed

this

petition. Michel, born 1865, Marie then Camille

Ritchot. Francois Xavier, born 1867.

Madeleine, born 1869 died prior to

1885.

Napoleon, born 1872, died in 1881.

Helene, born 1875 at Cypress Hills,

died in 1885. Jean Raphael, born 877, died in 1878.

Charles Bruno, died in 1882.

Scrip affidavit Catherine; for her deceased children:

Napoleon, born: 1872 at Fisher, North Dakota; died:

11 May, 1881 at Flatt Creek; Hélène, born: 1875 at Cypress Hills; died: 7 October, 1885 at Oak Lake; Charles Bruno, born: 1882 at Oak Lake; address:

Fisher, North Dakota; father: Antoine Gladu (Métis); mother: Catherine Fagnant (Métis and deponent); heir:

their brother, Frank Gladu; Napoléon, scrip cert.: form F, no. 2064; Charles Bruno, scrip cert.: form F, no. 2065; Hélène, scrip cert.: form F, no. 2066; claim no. 358 Oak Lake; died: 15 December, 1882 at Oak Lake; address: Fisher, North Dakota; father: Antoine Gladu (Métis); mother: Catherine Fagnant (Métis and deponent); heir: their brother, Frank Gladu; Napoléon, scrip cert.: form F, no. 2064; Charles Bruno, scrip cert.: form F, no. 2065; Hélène, scrip cert.: form F, no. 2066; claim no. 358.

Gladu, Eulalie. (b. 1858)

Eulalie was born on September 2, 1858, the daughter of Antoine Gladu (b. 1835) and Catherine Fagnant. Eulalie married Alexandre Davis Jr. the son of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnommie in 1875 at Lebret.

Gladu, Larose. (b. 1860)

Larose was the daughter of Charles Gladu

(b. 1830) and Genvieve Parisien. She married Severe Hamelin, the son of Jacques Bonhomme Hamelin and Mary Allary in 1877.

Gladu, Michel Jr. “Tche-quon-ence.” (b. 1830)

Michel, known as “Tche-quon-ence” was born on May 10, 1830 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Charles Gladue and Marguerite Ross. He married Marie Catherine Wilkie, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Wilkie and Amable Azure in 1852 at Pembina. He then married Marie Camille Ritchot in 1888 at St. Joseph’s.

Gladu, Charles. (b. 1830)

Charles was the son of Charles Gladu and Madeleine Poitras. He first married Genevieve Parisien, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Parisien and Charlotte Nolin in 1854 at Pembina. He then married Marie Leocadiz Martel the daughter of Jean Baptiste Martel and Josephte Godon.

Children of Charles and Genevieve:

Charles, born 1854, died 1855.

Charles, born 1855, died 1872 on the

plains. Marie Anastasie, born 1856, married

Joseph Amyotte then William Morin. Esther, born 1858, married Antoine

Wilkie, the son of Jean Baptiste Wilkie and Amable Azure. Larose, born 1860, married Severe

Hamelin, the son of Jacques Bonhomme Hamelin and Mary Allary. Severe was a member of this band and signed the petition Sévère also signed the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Bruno, born 1861, died 1874.

Children of Charles and Marie:

Charles, known as Tchee-guan”,

Marie Leocadie, born 1874 at

born 1868, died 1928 at Medicine Lake. Sarah, born 1871, married Andrew

Morin. Jean Marie, born 1872 at Lebret.

Lebret, died in 1895 at Dunsieth. Marie Louise, born 1876, married St. Pierre Morin.

Marie Rosalie, born 1876 at Wood

Mountain,

died

in

1893

at

St.

Louis. Claude, born 1880, married Marie Adeline Dubois.

Jean Moise, born 1884 at Belcourt, married Marie Pauline Dubois. Joseph, born 1884, married Marie Parisien then married Marie Louise Marion. William, born 1885, married Alicia Dubois. Louis John, born 1888, died 1971 at Medicine Lake.

Gladu, Sarah. (b. 1860)

Sarah was born on June 22, 1860, the

daughter of Antoine Gladu and Catherine Fagnant. Sarah married James Whitford Jr., the son of James Francois Whitford and Marguerite Fagnant in 1878 at St. Francois Xavier.

Gonneville, Elizabeth. (b. 1847)

Elizabeth was the daughter of Alexis Gonneville (b. 1817) and Josephte Trottier (the daughter of Andre Trottier Marguerite Paquette dite St. Denis). Elizabeth.married St. Pierre Morin, the son of Antoine morin and Therese Larocque in 1871 at Duck Lake.

Gonneville, Lucie, Louise. (b. 1851)

Lucie was the daughter of Alexis Gonneville (b. 1817) and Josephte Trottier. She married Paul Pelletier, the son of Pierre Pelletier and and Josephte Deschamps in 1871 at Lebret.

Gosselin, Helene. (b. 1843)

Helene was born on August 24, 1843, at St.

Norbert, the daughter of Francois Gosselin (b. 1817) and Suzanne Lafournaise. She married John Desmarais, the son of Joseph Desmarais and Adelaide Clemont in 1869 at St. Norbert.

Gosselin, Marguerite. (b. 1842)

Marguerite was born on October 29, 1842 at St. Norbert, the daughter of Francois Gosselin and Suzanne Lafournaise. She married Louis Morin, the son of Antoine morin and Therese Larocque in 1862 at St. Norbert.

Grandbois, Sophie. (b. 1827)

Sophie was the daughter of Michel Grandbois (b. 1781) and Marguerite Landry. She married Joseph Leveille, the son of Pierre Leveille and Julie McKenzie in 1858 at Pembina.

Grant, James. (b. 1837)

James Grant was born on March 22, 1837 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Cuthbert Grant and Marie McGillis. He married Josephte Helene

Gariepy, born January 10, 1844, the daughter of François Gariepy and Helene Poitras on June 16, 1862 at Pembina. Like many Metis hunting and trading families they had children born at several locations across the plains. Josette and James Grant had the following children:

Mary, born 1867, died 1877 at Lebret.

Marie Virginie, born 1871 at St. Joseph, Dakota Territory.

Marie

Florestine,

born

1872

at

St.

François

Xavier,

died

1874

at

St.

Francois Xavier.

 

Joseph Cuthbert, born 1874 at Wood

Mountain,

died

1874,

age

23

at

Qu’Appelle. Marie Josephine, born 1876 at Wood

Marie Ernestine, born 1821 at Katepwe,

Mountain, died 1888 at age 11. Allyre, born 1878 at Wood Mountain.

died 1892 at age 11. Joseph Alfred, born 1883 at Katepwe,

died 1897 at age 14. Clement Joseph, born 1886 at Lebret.

James Grant came west with his father Cuthbert Grant on the annual buffalo hunt. James Grant eventually settled at the east end of Lake Katepwe in the Qu’Appelle Valley. They came with horse drawn Red River carts, bringing about 50 horses, a few head of cattle, saws, axes, scythes, a wooden-beam walking plow and all their household items. In the summer James operated a caravan of Red River carts bringing supplies from Winnipeg to Troy and Fort Qu’Appelle. In the winter, after the railroad came through, he hauled freight by sleigh into Prince Albert for Archie McDonald, the HBC Factor at Fort Qu’Appelle. The route he used was over the Touchwood Trail, a trip which took six weeks. In 1878 James Grant signed the petition of the Metis hunting band at Cypress Hills. Subsequently James Grant signed the September 2, 1880 petition from Peter LaPierre and other Metis of Qu'Appelle Settlement concerning Metis land claims that subsequently went unanswered by the government. This petition was addressed to the Marquis of Lorne, "This humble petition of Peter LaPierre, Simon Blondin, John Fisher, Alexander Fisher, John Simpson, Xavier Desnommé, and others, Halfbreeds of Qu'Appelle Settlement etc.

Grant, Maria. (b. 1820)

Maria was the daughter of Cuthbert Grant (b. 1793) and Marie Madeleine Desmarais (b. 1805). Maria, at age 15, married Pascal Breland (b. 1811), the son of Pierre du Boishue Breland and Josephte (Louise) Belly (Metis).

Guilbault, Angelique (b. 1820)

Angelique was the daughter of Joseph guilbault. She married Baptiste Brière (b. 1831) the son of Jean Baptiste Bruyere (1772-1841) and Francoise (Serpente). Angelique was his third wife, they had six children between 1839 and 1861.

Haggeyt (Haggai), Louis. (b. 1847) Louis, an American, was married to Mary Roy (King), a Metis born in 1855, they lived at Fort Walsh, Maple Creek, Willow Bunch and Wood Mountain. Louis had worked as a scout for the N.W.M.P. in Wood Mountain. They are listed in the Fort Walsh Census of 1881 living in household #11 with their son Alex, age four. 30

Gariepy, born January 10, 1844, the daughter of François Gariepy and Helene Poitras on June 16,

Louis and Marie (SAB R-A3444)

Louis operated a freighting outfit hauling goods between Fort Walsh and Fort Benton on the Missouri River. This lasted until Fort Walsh closed in 1882, Louuis and Mary Haggeyt then moved east into the Wood Mountain area.

Metis scrip claim: Haggeyt, Louis; heir to his deceased son, Peter Haggey; claim no. 116; address: Wood Mountain; born: May, 1884 at Maple Creek; died:

March, 1885 at Maple Creek; father: Louis Haggeyt (Métis & deponent); mother: Mary

30 Thelma Poirier (Ed.), Wood Mountain Uplands: From the Big Muddy to the Frenchman River. Wood Mountain, SK:

Wood Mountain Historical Society, 2000: 34, 58, 94.

King or Roy. He applied for scrip for five deceased and one living child.

Hamelin, Angelique. (b. 1839)

Angelique was the daughter of Joseph Hamelin (b. 1810) and Therese Ducharme (b. 1808). In 1857, at St. Francois Xavier, Angelique married William Swain Sr. (b. 1838) the son of John Swain (b. 1818) and Marguerite Allary. They had eight children between 1858 and 1882, born variously at St. Francois Xavier, St. Peter’s, Montana, Duck Lake and the Cypress Hills. Their sons Jean Baptiste (b. 1864), William Jr. (b. 1861) and John (b. 1858) also signed this petition.

Hamelin, Sévère. (b. 1852)

Sévère was born on May 13, 1852, at Pembina, the son of Jacques Bonhomme Hamelin 31 and Mary Allary (Henry). He married LaRose Gladue, the daughter of Charles Gladue and Genevieve Parisien in 1877. Charles Gladue was also a member of this band and signed the petition. Sévère also signed the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6, 1880. Sévère and his nephew Norman appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census of 1886. Severe Hamelin, his wife LaRose Gladu and Severe’s nephew Norman Hamelin appear on the 1900 Montana Census for Teton County.

Amyotte, Madeleine; as claimant for her deceased niece Martine Hamelin; claim no. 1103; address: File Hills; born: 7 August, 1879 at Wood Mountain; father: Severe Hamelin (Métis); mother: Marie Rose Gladu (Métis); died: 7 May, 1880; file ref. 998882

Houle, Alexandre “Mash-koo-pee-meesh”. (b.

1848)

Alexandre “Mash-koo-pee-meesh” Houle was born on November 17, 1848, the son of Charles Houle and Catherine Falardeau. He married Marguerite Davis, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnomme in 1871 at Lebret. Two of his brothers-in-law also signed this petition. Alexandre Houle, his wife Marguerite and seven children appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census of 1889.

31 Jacques Bonhomme Hamelin; born 15 January 1797; married Mary Allary, daughter of (--?--) Allary and Charlotte -, before 1823; died 27 October 1856 at age 59; buried 28 October 1856 Assumption, Pembina.

Houle, Alexander - Concerning his claim as a head of family - Address, Willow Bunch - Born, 1847 at Pembina - Father, Charles Houle, (Métis), deceased - Mother, Catherine Ducharme, (Métis) - Married, May 1870 to Marguerite Davis at Qu'Appelle - Children living, six - Children deceased, four - Scrip for $160 - Claim 1584.

Houle, Baptiste; address: Laurette, North Dakota; claim no. 547; born: 1873 at Fort Qu'Appelle; father: Alexander Houle (Métis); mother: Marguerite Davis (Métis); scrip cert.:

form C, no. 310.

Houle (Kole), André (b. 1854)

Three Houle brothers from St. Francois Xavier signed the Cypress Hills petition:

Andre

Francois, and

Calixte

Andre Houle was born on September 4,

  • 1854 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Francois

Houle (b. 1805) and Marguerite Gariepy. He

married Leonille Pelletier the daughter of

Alphonse Pelletier and Madeleine Desjarlais in

  • 1882 at Milk River, Montana.

Houle, Andre; address: Maple Creek; claim no. 50; born: 1850 at St. Francois Xavier; father: Francois Houle (Métis); mother: Josephte Gariepy (Métis); married: 1882 at Milk River to Leonide Pelletier; children deceased: 1, not named; scrip for $240.00.

Houle (Kole), Calice (Calixte). (b. 1861)

Calixte Houle was born on March 16, 1861,

the son of Francois Houle (b. 1805) and Marguerite Gariepy.

Houle (Kole), François. (b. 1842)

Francois Houle was born on March 17,

  • 1842 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Francois

Houle (b. 1805) and Marguerite Gariepy.

Houle, Josephte. (b. 1849)

Josephte was born on September 1, 1849 at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Francois Houle (b. 1805) and Marguerite Gariepy. Josephte married Celestin St. Denis, the son of Jacques St. Deni and Genevieve Durant in 1872 at St. Laurent Sk.

Houle, Magdeleine. (b. 1825)

Magdeleine was born at St. Clement’s, the daughter of Antoine Houle (b. 1799) and

Marguerite (Saulteaux). Magdeleine, married Jean Baptiste Ducharme, the son of Nicolas Ducharme dit Charon and Charlotte (Saulteaux).

Houle, Therese Elizabeth. (b. 1805)

Therese was the daughter of Antoine Houle (b. 1781) and Josephte Lauzon. Therese married Joseph Ouellette, the son of Joseph Ouellette and Angelique (Assiniboine). Her sons, Antoine (b. 1834), Jean Baptiste (b. 1837), and Joseph Jr. (b. 1824) all signed this petition.

Hughes, Elise (Eliza).

Elise was the daughter of Samuel Hughes and Marguerite Desjarlais. Elise married Francois Lafontaine, the son of Jean Baptiste Lafontaine (b. 1825) and Francoise Martin in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier. They had eight children born variously at Poplar Point, Qu’Appelle, Cypress Hills, Teton River, Montana, Touchwood Hills and Lebret.

Jeannotte, Marie. (b. 1847)

Marie was born at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Francois Jeannotte (b. 1812) and Pierre Falcon’s daughter, Madeleine Falcon. Marie married Alexandre McGillis, the swon of Alexandre McGillis and Marguerite Bottineau in 1865 at St. Francois Xavier. She died in 1906 at Willow Bunch.

Jerome, Eise. (b. 1843)

Elise was born on June 15, 1843 at St.

Norbert, the daughter of Martin Jerome (b. 1800) and Elizabeth Wilkie. Elise married Maxime Marion (b. 1838), the son of Francois Marion and Angelique Deschamps dite Moreau, in 1862 at Pembina.

Jolibois, Baptiste “Mash-koo-pee-meesh”. (b.

1851)

Baptiste “Mash-koo-pee-meesh” Jolibois was born on July 20, 1851, the son of Jean Baptiste Jolibois and Marguerite Robillard. Baptiste, his wife Marie Matilde Landry and six children appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census of 1892. Marie was the daughter of Louis Landry (b. 1830) and Louise Ouellette. Louise Ouellette was the daughter of joseph Ouellette and Therese Houle.

Kieise, Joseph.

Kipling, Nancy. (b.c. 1810)

Nancy was born at Red River, the daughter of John Ram Kipling (b.c. 1775) and Margaret Okanese. She was first married to Michel Gravelle and then married to Alexis Labombarde. Her daughter Domitilde Gravelle was married to Jean Baptiste Dumont at Batoche. Alexis and Nancy lived along the upper Missouri River where Alexis worked as a hunter, guide, interpreter for the Sioux and Blackfoot. The American Fur Company at Fort Union and Fort Pierre employed him as a labourer. He was also employed by John Jacob Audubon’s Expedition and was an interpreter for the Blackfoot Agency in Montana.

Klyne, André. (1840-1904)

Andre Klyne was born at Point Douglas, the son of Michael Klyne Sr. and Madeleine Millet dit Beauchemin. He married Elise Desjarlais, the daughter of Antoine Desjarlais dit Morel and Louise Vallee at St. Joseph’s. They had 11 children born at St. Joseph’s, Devils Lake, Wood Mountain, Lebret and File Hills. Andrew Klyne was at one time a band member of Cowessess Band.

Klyne, Michel (b. 1839) Michael Klyne was born at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Michael Klyne Sr. and Madeleine Millet dit Beauchemin. He married Helene Davis the daughter of Jean Baptiste Davis and Julie Desnommie. They had six children at Devil’s Lake, St. Joseph’s, Wood Mountain and Lebret. He then married Marie Vallee at Lebret in 1876. Many of the families who signed this petition, “such as the families of Norbert Welsh, Roderick Ross, Cuthbert St. Denis and Michel Klyne established permanent homes near the Catholic Mission at Lebret.” 32

Kole : See Houle.

Labombarde, Alexis. (b. 1803) In 1835, at Red River Alexis married 25- year-old Nancy Kipling, the widow of Michel Gravel. Her daughter Domitilde Gravel was married to Jean Baptiste Dumont at Batoche. Baptiste and his father Jean “Petit” Dumont were both active in the 1885 Resistance. Alexis and Nancy lived along the upper Missouri River where Alexis worked as a hunter, guide,

32 Sherry Farrell Racette, “Sewing Ourselves Together:

Clothing, Decorative Arts and the Expression of Metis and Half Breed Identity.” Winnipeg, University of Manitoba, Ph. D. dissertation, 2004: 58.

interpreter for the Sioux and Blackfoot. The American Fur Company at Fort Union and Fort Pierre employed him as a labourer. He was also employed by John Jacob Audubon’s Expedition and was an interpreter for the Blackfoot Agency in Montana. 33 Elie Gariépy remembered Labombarde as a “large dark man [who] wore his hair long and usually dressed in buckskin.” 34 Alexis Labombarde worked as Father Alexis Andre’s interpreter when he was mediating between the Sioux and the US government in 1862-63. He had witnessed the Cypress Hills Massacre and later served as an interpreter for the N.W.M.P. at Cypress Hills. 35 In 1877, Alexis Labombarde was working with Farwell and associates, including James Marshall, Andrew Peterson, Kerr, Gary Bourke and Philander Vogle, out of Fort Benson into Canada. Alexis was arrested on May 19, 1885 Regina on August 14, 1885 received a conditional discharge for his part in the 1885 Resistance. He was 82 years of age at that time. Resistance participants remember Cayenne dit Labombarde as Riel’s interpreter for he spoke fifteen Indian dialects. He was blind in one eye in 1885. In his testimony of August 13, 1885 at the Regina trial Father Alexis Andre says:

Alexis Labombarde is a poor, old almost blind man. He has a wife but no children, eighty-two years of age. I have known him for twenty-five years past. I was sent by the Government as a commissioner to the Sioux in 1862, during the massacre, and this old man was my interpreter at the time. I found him honest, trusty and reliable. He has been acting as an interpreter the greater part of his life, and he is now accused of acting in that capacity between Riel and the Sioux. He did so without any evil intent, and without any idea that he was doing wrong. I know myself that he told the Sioux to be moderate and not to kill; this I know from the Sioux themselves who told me. Now, to punish this old man for acting as an interpreter would be just about as just as to punish a telephone for carrying sound. I do not think the Government of Canada will advance her own glory or the interests of the Dominion by going to the cradle to

  • 33 Sherry Farrell Racette. Op. cit.: 51, 179.

  • 34 Ibid. 180.

  • 35 Douglas W. Light, Footprints in the Dust. North Battleford: Turner-Warwick Publications Inc., 1987: 514.

find criminals, or on the verge of the grave to find victims. (CSP, 1886, Vol. 13, p.

384).

Labuler dit Lafournaise, Cecile. (b. 1854) Cecile was born on February 5, 1854, at Pembina, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lafournaise (b. 1815) and Marguerite Gosselin. She married Theodore Maxime Poitras (b. 1839), the son of Pierre Poitras and Marie Bruyere.

Labuler dit Lafournaise, Jérôme (1847-1903)

Jerome was born in 1847, the son of Jean

Baptiste Lafournaise and Marguerite Gosselin. He married Priscilla Wells the daughter of Edouard Wills and Isabelle McGillis. This buffalo hunting family had children born across the prairies at Duhamel, Cypress Hills, Red Ochre Hills, St. Laurent, and Wood Mountain. Pricilla’s mother, father and four brothers were

also part of this hunting brigade. Jerome died on September 16, 1903 at Duhamel.

Labruler dit Lafournaise, Marguerite.

Marguerite was the daughter of Gabriel Lafournaise and Susanne Collin. She married Elie Parenteau, the son of Joseph Parenteau and Suzanne Daigneault. She was his third wife. They had six children born variously at Lewistown, Wood Mountain, Big Timber and Cypress Hills.

Labruler dit Lafournaise, Maxime. (b. 1860)

Maxime Lafournaise dit Laboucane was born on January 30, 1860 at St. Norbert, the son of Gabriel Lafournaise dit Laboucane (b. 1834) and Susanne Collin. He died on July 3, 1885 at Rivière aux Rose.

Labruler dit Lafournaise, Napoléon (b. 1861)

Napoleon Lafournaise was born on the plains in 1861, the son of Joseph Lafournaise (b. 1837) and Madeleine Poitras. He married Marie Therese McGillis, the daughter of Angus McGillis and Isabelle Fagnant in 1881 at St. Francois Xavier. They had eight children all born at Willow Bunch.

Lafournaise, Napoleon - Concerning his claim as a child - Address, Willow Bunch - Born, 1861 on the Plains - Father, Joseph Lafournaise, (Métis) - Mother, Madeleine Poitras, (Métis) - Married, 1881 at St. Boniface to Marie McGillis - Children living, three, Marie born 1883, Eliza born 1884 and Josephine born 1885- Scrip for $240 - Claim 1631

Labruler dit Lafournaise, Pierre. (b. 1859)

Pierre Lafournaise

was born

on

May

6,

1859 at Fort Ellice, the son of Jean Baptiste

Lafournaise and Marguerite Gosselin. He married Rose Marie Ross, the daughter of John Ross and Marie Rose Grant.

Scrip affidavit for Lafournaise, St. Pierre; born: May 6, 1859; father: Baptiste Lafournaise; mother: Margaret Gosselin.

Ross, Marie Rose; address: Battle River Settlement; born: July, 1861 at Qu'Appelle Valley; father: Johnny Ross (Métis); mother: Margaret Grant (Métis); married: 8 November, 1880 at Duck Lake to St. Pierre Lafournaise; children living: Marie St. Anne, Jerome, Alfred and George; children deceased: Jean Baptiste; scrip for $240.00; claim no. 152.

Labruler dit Lafournaise, William. (b. 1840)

Guillaume Lafournaise was the older brother of Jerome a son of Jean Baptiste Lafournaise and Marguerite Gosselin. He married Caroline Gariepy, the daughter of Francois Gariepy and Helene Poitras. They lived at Lebret and Duck Lake. In 1878, William and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land.

Lafontaine, Antoine dit Faillant. (1849-1889) Antoine was the son of Calixte Sr. and Charlotte Adam. He was born at St. François Xavier and it was there that he married Madeleine Ross and in 1871 married Marie Delorme at Lebret. In 1878, Antoine and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. Typical of buffalo hunting families Antoine and Madeleine had children born at Saskatoon, Wood Mountain, Cypress Hills and Crooked Lake. They were living at Saint Laurent at the time of the Resistance. He was one of the fighters at Tourond’s Coulee and at Batoche. He

was a Captain of one of the 19 companies led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance at Batoche. Antoine Lafontaine noted in 1901: I was married at St. Francois Xavier about thirty-nine years ago [1862]. I had been ‘tripping’ in the

west. . . .

I lived in Manitoba in the winter and

hunted in the summer. I settled permanently at

Oak Lake about twenty years ago [1880-81] and

have lived there ever

since. . .

I resided

at

Grande Clairiere and Oak Lake twenty-two

years. Before that on the Prairies. I left St.

Francois Xavier in

1870. . . .

I moved to Cypress

Hill around twenty-nine years ago (1872). I have always moved about the prairie. I moved to Hartney fifteen years ago [1885-86] and have lived there ever since. 36 His wife Philomene Jannot noted in 1901 that she had lived in St. François Xavier with her parents until she married Antoine Lafontaine in 1862. Following

her marriage, she noted, they immediately left for the west. The settled at Oak Lake in 1881. The birth and death places of her 13 children read like a travelogue of the Buffalo plains. 37 The trajectory of Calixte Lafontaine and his family, who settled at Oak Lake between 1877 and 1880, is somewhat different. Calixte, though a plains hunter, retained a residence in St. François Xavier until he sold his river lot in 1877. He then moved to the plains settling at Oak Lake with his

large family shortly thereafter. They did not remain long, however, moving to Batoche between 1882 and 1884. After the fighting at Batoche, they escaped to the Metis encampment at Sioux Valley then moved south to Turtle Mountain.

Lafontaine, François (b. 1847)

Francois Ka-Ka-Keese Lafontaine was born in 1847, the son of Jean Baptiste Lafontaine and Francoise Martin. He was step-brother to Louis Lafontaine. He married Elise Hughes the daughter of Samuel Hughes and Marguerite Desjarlais in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier. This buffalo hunting family had children born across the prairies at Qu’Appelle, Cypress Hills, Teton River, Touchwood Hills and Lebret. Francois initially took treaty with Muscowequan but withdrew in 1886.

Lafontaine, Gaspard (b. 1867)

Gaspard was the son of Antoine Lafontaine Jr. (b. 1844) and Philomène Vestro dit Jannot (b. 1843). Philomene was the daughter of Francois Jeannotte and Madeleine Falcon. Antoine Jr. was the son of Antoine Lafontaine Sr. (b. 1820) and Angelique Gariepy, (b. 1822).

Scrip affidavit for Lafontaine, Antoine; born:

Summer 1844; father: Antoine Lafontaine (Métis); mother: Angelique Gariepy (Métis);

36 Various affidavits of Antoine Lafontaine to support the scrip applications of his deceased children in 1900-01. NA, RG 15, D-II-8-c, Vol. 1353.

37 Ibid., Affidavits of Philomene Lafontaine for the scrip applications of her deceased children.

claim no: 3001; scrip no: 12563; date of issue:

November 10, 1879; amount: $160.

Lafontaine, Louis. (1842-1939) Louis, also known as Mar-yarm-mons and Moshom Wiizoon was the son of Jean Baptiste Lafontaine and Françoise Martin. He was married to Marie Madeleine Pelletier c. 1867 then Emelie Desjarlais (Kookum Siinpiins) sometime after 1889. Like most buffalo hunters he and his first wife had 10 children born at Qu’Appelle, Lebret, Cypress Hills, Wood Mountain and Batoche. In 1878, Louis and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land.

In the 1880s when the buffalo had disappeared, Louis attended the Crooked Lake Agency and tried to get rations with the other Metis and Chippewa-Cree at Cowessess Reserve but was told that he did not belong. In 1885 he was living at Batoche. He was a member of Captain Ambroise Champagne’s company, one of the 19 dizaines led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance at Batoche. After the fighting at Batoche the family moved to Turtle Mountain Reservation. 38 Louis and his first wife Madeleine appear on the Turtle Mountain Band Census in 1886. Louis and his wife Emelie are on the Turtle Mountain Band Census’ 1890-92. Louis had three children with Emelie Desjarlais. In 1902, Louison Lafontaine and a number of other Metis applied to be admitted to Treaty at Cowessess Band through the Crooked Lake Agency. In the family he listed his wife, daughters ages 14, 12 and nine and a son age 5. He said his wife used to take Treaty 23 years ago. This application was turned down. He died at Turtle Mountain on April 11, 1939. His grandson, Louis F. Lafontaine served on the Turtle Mountain Tribal Council from 1959 to 1961.

Lafontaine, Napoléon (b. 1862)

Probably the son of Antoine Lafontaine Jr. (b. 1844) and Philomène Vestro dit Jannot (b. 1843). He would then be the brother of Gaspard Lafontaine noted above.

Lafournaise: See Labruler.

Laframboise, Angelique. (b. 1830).

38 Gail Morin. Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Pembina Band; Annuity Payments and Census. Quinton Publications, n.d. p.

51.

Angelique was born on Januray 1, 1830, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Laframboise and Suzanne Beaudry or Gaudry. Angelique married Antoine Trottier (b. 1834), the son of Andre Trottier and Marguerite Paquette dite St. Denis.

Laframboise, Augustin. (1844-1885) The Laframboise family are descendants of trader Joseph Laframboise, born in 1776 at Mackinac and his wife Josephte who was an Assiniboine woman. In 1880, Augustin appears on the Treaty pay list of the Carlton Stragglers. His wife was Band Member # 27 on the Treaty Pay list of the Petequakey Band at Muskeg Lake in 1884. 39 His sister Ursule was married to Charles Trottier and his brother Jean Baptiste appears below. His aunt Louise Laframboise was married to Isidore Dumont. Auguste was born at Red River, the son of Jean Baptiste Laframboise and Suzanne Beaudry (Gaudry). He married Louise Ledoux (b. 1844), the daughter of Eusebe Ledoux (b. 1815) and Louise Desjarlais (b. 1824). They settled near Duck Lake, having moved from St. François Xavier. Their sons Edouard and Daniel also signed this petition. Augustin’s sister Ursula was married to Charles Trottier the leader of the Prairie Ronde Metis community. In 1878, Auguste and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. He was a Captain of one of the 19 companies led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance. His eldest son Edouard served in his Company. Augustin, also called “Eustache”, was involved in the 1885 Resistance at Duck Lake with Dumont and was killed there by Crozier’s troops on March 26, 1885. His wife and ten children survived him.

Laframboise, Catherine. (b. 1864)

Catherine was born on the White Mud River, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Laframboise (b. 1834) and Elise Thomas. Catherine married Alexandre Trottier (b. 1864), the son of Michel Trottier and Angelique Desjarlais in 1884 at Maple Creek.

Laframboise, Daniel. (b. 1868)

Daniel was born in Lizard Hills, the son of Augustin Laframboise and Louise Ledoux.

Daniel married Marceline (Saulteaux b. 1875) in

1891 at St. Laurent. Daniel took discharge from

  • 39 RG 10, Annuity Pay lists, 1883-1887. Treaties 4, 6 and 7.

the Petequakey Band on October 13, 1886. In 1878, Daniel and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land.

Laframboise, Edouard. (b. 1864)

Edouard was the son of Augustin Laframboise (b. 1844) and Louise Ledoux (b. 1844). Edouard married Marie Virginie Dumont at Duck Lake and they had five children. Marie Dumont was the daughter of Isidore Dumont and Judith Parenteau. Her father also signed this petition. Edouard subsequently married Flavie Ledoux (b. 1871) in 1896 at Duck Lake. They had one daughter. Edouard took discharge from the Petequakey Band on October 13, 1886.

Laframboise, Jean Baptiste (b. 1845)

Jean Baptiste was born on the Souris River, 100 miles south of Brandon, the son of Jean Baptiste Laframboise (b. 1806) and Suzanne Beaudry (Gaudry, b. 1809). He married Elise Thomas (b. 1844) the daughter of Joseph Thomas (listed later) and Marie Adele Wakitipik (Michel). Elise’s sister Catherine Thomas was married to Alex Trottier and her sister LaLouise was married to David Boyer (listed above). Her brothers Bernard Thomas (b. 1859) and Joseph Thomas (b. 1840) also signed this petition. They were all members of Cowessess Band and left Treaty in 1886. Typical of buffalo hunting families they had children born across the prairies, at St. Peter’s Mission, Lebret, St. Laurent, Maple Creek, Medicine Hat and Willow Bunch. In the Canada Census of 1881 Jean Baptiste and Elise are recorded living at Cypress Hills in Household # 45. With them are children:

Catherine (14), Madeleine (12), Alexandre (10), Marie (9), LaRose (7) and Julie (5).

Laframboise, Ursule. (b. 1843)

Ursule was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Laframboise (b. 1806) and Suzanne Beaudry or Gaudry (b. 1802). Ursule married Charles Trottier (b. 1839), the son of Andre Trottier and Marguerite Paquette dite St. Denis, in 1860 at St. Francois Xavier.

Laframboise, William. (b. 1853)

William Laframboise was born in March of 1853, the son of Francois Laframboise (b. 1827) and Marie Trottier (b. 1831). He married Marie Rose Wells (Welsh) b. 1861 at Pembina, the daughter of Edouard Wells and Isabelle McGillis, then married Catherine Berger, the

daughter of Pierre Berger and Judith Wilkie. In the 1881 Canada Census this family is recorded as Household # 53 in the Cypress Hills. With them are children, Francois Xavier (4) and Joseph (2). His father, Francois Laframboise is listed as Household # 54.

Lambert, Jane. (b. 1832)

Jane was the daughter of Etienne Lambert (b. 1785) and Catherine Gaddy (daughter of James Gaddy and Mary (Piegan). Jane married Peter Fiddler the son of charles Fidler and Ann Saunders at Headingley in 1870.

Lambert, Sarah. (b. 1846)

Sarah was born on January 8, 1846, the daughter of Joseph Lambert (b. 1826) and Louise Villebrun. Sarah married Little Shell Band member Leonard “Parkah-harh-quon” McKay, born on September 20, 1847. Leonard McKay was the son of William McKay and Susanne Versailles They married in 1868 at St. Norbert.

Landry, Angelique. (b. 1827)

Angelique was born on December 31, 1827 at St.

Vital, the daughter of Joseph Landry (b. 1795) and Genevieve Lalond. Angelique was first married to Martin Jerome in 1848. She then married Isidore Dumont Sr., the son of Jean Dumont and Josephte (Sarcee) in 1867 at St. Norbert.

Landry, Marguerite.

Marguerite was married to Michel Trottier (b. 1831, sometime before 1877. She was his second wife, he previously married Angelique Desjarlais. Marguerite and Michel had two children both born on the Crooked Lake Reserve. Elzear, born January 7, 1877 and Isidore born in 1880. both children died at Qu’Appelle

Residential School

Landry, Marie. (b. 1853)

Marie was the daughter of Louis Landry (b. 1830) and Louise Ouellette. Louise Ouellette was the daughter of Joseph Ouellette and Therese Houle. Marie married Jean Baptiste Jolibois. Baptiste was born on July 20, 1851, the son of Jean Baptiste Jolibois and Marguerite Robillard. Baptiste, his wife Marie Matilde Landry and six children appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census of 1892.

Landry, Marie. (b. 1859)

Marie was the daughter of Pierre Landry (b.c. 1831) and Madeleine Chadron. She married Jean Baptiste Sparvie. They lived at Cowessess Reserve.

Langé (Langer), Jean Baptiste. (1855-1930)

Jean

Baptiste

Langer

was

the

son

of

Antoine Langer (b. 1832) and Louise Collin. He married Justine Malaterre (b. 1855), the daughter of Alexis Malaterre and Marguerite Ward at Lebret in 1876. He was a member of the Turtle Mountain Band. In the 1881 Canada Census Jean Baptiste and Justine are recorded as household #2 in Cypress Hills. Living with them are their two children Jean Baptiste Jr. age 4, and Justine (one month) as well as Moise St. Denis (age 29) and Moise Dasi (age19).

Lantigras (Lattergrass), Pierre.

Pierre is likely a descendant of Akewenen

Lattergrass who was married to Isabelle Kipling. Marguerite Lattergrass, the daughter of Akewenin Lattergrass and Isabelle Kipling, later married Patrice Ouelette (Wallette) born 1860

who was a signatory to this petition. 40 LaPierre, Ambroise. (b. 1855)

Ambroise La Pierre was the son of Antoine LaPierre and Catherine Gagnon. This family appears on the Pembina Census of 1850. Ambroise married Adelaide Rocheblave, the daughter of Thomas Rocheblav and Therese Desmarais in 1879 at St. Peter’s Mission, Montana.

Lapierre, Euphrasine (b. 1859)

Euphrasine was the daughter of Antoine Lapierre and and Louise Machkegone. She married Louis Malaterre (b. 1834) the son of Jean Baptiste Malaterre (b. 1781) and Angelique Adam. They were Turtle Mountain Band

members who later moved to Montana.

LaPierre, Moïse. (b. 1848)

Moise La Pierre was the son of Antoine

LaPierre (b. 1813) and Catherine Gagnon (b. 1821). This family appears on the Pembina Census of 1850. Moise married Angelique Parenteau, the daughter of Joseph Parenteau and Suzanne “Crise” Richard in 1871 at Duck Lake. Her brother Joseph Dodet Parenteau along with

40 Ouellette, Marguerite; address: Battlefor born: 1855 at

Baie St. Paul, Man; father: Akewenin Laterregrasse (Métis); mother: Isabelle Kippling or Kapewashik (Métis); married:

1886 at Battleford to Patrice Ouellette; lived with an Indian before marriage; children living: Jean Marie (Indian husband); children deceased: 4; scrip for $240.00; claim no.

896.

Gabriel Dumont were part of the original 1871 governing committee of St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan River. Moise and his family appear on the Turtle Mountain Band Census from 1884 to 1892.

Laplante, Adelaide. (b. 1855) Adelaide was born on August 30, 1855 at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Laplante (b. 1809) and Madeleine Desfonds. She married Casimir Bouvier. Casimir “Wasw-sarh-kaish” Bouvier was born at St. Francois Xavier on February 13, 1848, the son of Antoine Bouvier and Genevieve Breland. He married Adelaide “Deliah” Laplante, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Laplante and Madeleine Dufont or Desfonds on November 22, 1870 at St. Francois Xavier. Casamir, known in Chippewa as Was-sarh-kaish, his wife Deliah and their eight children appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census for 1889. He was struck from the Turtle Mountain roll during the 1892 membership controversy. Casimir and his brother Antoine eventually moved to San Clara, Manitoba. 41

Laplante, Antoine. (b. 1842)

Antoine was born in September of 1842, the son of Antoine Laplante and Josephte Gagnon. He listed himself as a plains trader.

Laplante, Oliver. (b. 1829)

A Pembina resident, Oliver was the son of

Louis Laplante and Josephte LaPierre.

Larence, Josephte. (b. 1853)

Josephte Larence was born in St. Vital, the daughter of Basil Larence (b. 1795) and Agathe Callihoo. She married Jean Baptiste Dubois Jr., the son of Jean Baptiste Dubois and Marie Ann Laberge in 1870 at St. Norbert.

Larivez, Paul. (b. 1865)

Paul Desrivieres was born on April 4, 1865 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Louis Lariviere and Marie Lambert (b. 1828).

Larocque, Elise. (b. 1860)

Elise was the daughter of Louis Larocque

(b. 1820) and Marie Berthelet (b. 1822). She

married Norbert Dubois, born at fort Alexandre in 1857, the son of Jean Baptiste dubois and Marie Ann Laberge.

41 Personal communication with Lionel Bouvier, September

11, 2010.

Latergrass, Nancy. (b.c. 1845)

Nancy was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Latergrass “Wabikiniw” (b. 1819) and Nancy Daniel. She married Leon Laverdure the son of Joseph Laverdure and Therese Villbrun.

Lavallée, Pierre (b. 1849)

Pierre Lavallee was born on August 8, 1849 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Pierre Lavallee and Marguerite Bercier. He married Josephte Henault, the daughter of Antoine Henault and Catherine Davis on November 28, 1870 at Lebret.

Laverdure, David Jr. (b. 1860)

The

four

Laverdure’s

listed

here

as

signatories to the petition were all either first or

second cousins. David Laverdure

was

born on April

16,

1860, the son of Joseph Laverdure and Marie

Martel. The family appears

on

the

Pembina

Census of 1850. David married Elise

Laframboise,

Laverdure, Elize. (b. 1849)

Elise was born on October 17, 1849, the daughter of Joseph Laverdure (b. 1804) and Therese Villebrun. Louise married Jean Baptiste Champagne, the son of Emmanuel Champagne and Marguerite Larocque. Baptiste was a councillor for Chief Little Shell. He first married Isabelle Parisien, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Parisien and Charlotte Nolin on March 10, 1856. Baptiste and Isabelle

had five children, born at St. Joseph, Lebret and Devil’s Lake. He then married Elize Laverdure, the daughter of Joseph Laverdure and Therese Villebrun. Baptiste and Elize had nine children, born at SFX, Cypress Hills, Lebret and Wood Mountain. He then married Madeleine Vallee in

1884.

A Turtle Mountain Band member, Baptiste, his wife Madeleine Vallee and their five children 42 (from his marriage to Elize Laverdure) appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census from 1884 to 1892.

Laverdure, Louise. (b. 1830)

Louise

was

the

daughter

of Joseph

Laverdure (b. 1786) and Nancy Maskegonne

Duck in 1857 at St. Francois

Xavier. Louise

married

John Swain

in

1857

at

St. Francois

Xavier. John Swain was born in 1829 at

Lake

42 Louis (b. 1871), Sarah (b. 1873), Jean (b. 1874), Elise (b. 1874) and Therese (b. 1880); all born at Cypress Hills.

Manitoba, the son of James Swain (b. 1808) and Josephte Descoteaux.

Laverdure, Léon. (b. 1844)

Leon Laverdure was born at Pembina Mountain, the son of Joseph Laverdure and Therese Villebrun dit Plouffe. He married Nancy Latergrass, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lattergrass and Nancy Daniel before 1871.

Laverdure, Narcisse. (b. 1850)

Baptiste Laverdure was born on June 15, 1850 at Pembina, the son of Pierre Laverdure and Catherine Charette. He married Marie Anne Azure, the daughter of Charles Azure and Nancy Grant in 1871 at St. Joseph’s. The couple had seven children.

Laverdure, Baptiste; address: St. Peter's Mission, Montana; claim no. 1367; born: 1845 near Pembina; father: Pierre Laverdure (Métis); mother: Catherine Charrette (Métis); file ref.

947475.

Laverdure, St. Pierre “Ah-zhow-e-ge-shig.” (b. 1860)

St. Pierre was born in 1863, at Little Rocky

Mountains, the son of Joseph Laverdure and Marie Martel. He married Veronique Ross, the daughter of Charles Ross and Marguerite Allard, then married Eliza Primeau, the daughter of Jeremie Primeau and Marguerite Allard. This family appears in the Turtle Mountain Band census. He signed the 1892 McCumber Agreement.

Laverdure, Suzanne. (b.c. 1820)

Suzanne

was

the

daughter

of

Alexis

Laverdure and Angelique “Kisi-kawpskup” Montour. She married Joseph Poitras, the son of Andre Poitras and Cuthbert Grant’s

sisterMarguerite Grant circa 1832 ..

La Maire : See Lemire

Laviolette, Cecile. (b. 1850)

Cecile was born on November 29, 1850, at St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Charles Laviolette (b. 1794) and Therese Moreau. She married Cuthbert St. Denis, the son of Francois St. Denis and Sophia Lyons in 1867 at St. Francois Xavier.

Ledoux, Daniel. (b. 1848)

Daniel Ledoux was the son of Eusebe

Ledoux and Louise Desjarlais. He married Elise

Mary Wills, the daughter of John Wills and Mary McKay in 1869 at St. Francois Xavier. His father, Eusebe Ledoux had worked for Antoine Desjarlais at Fort Desjarlais in the Souris River Valley in the 1840-50s.

L’édoux (Ledoux), Napoléon.

Napoleon was the son of Eusebe Ledoux

and Louise Desjarlais. He married Caroline Roussin in 1875.

Ledoux, Pierre. (b. 1861)

Pierre was born on October 22, 1861 the

son of Eusebe Ledoux and Louise Desjarlais. He married Helene Poitras, the daughter of Ignace Poitras and Helene McGillis in 1881 at Batoche.

Ledoux, Victoria. (b. 1855)

Victoria was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Ledoux (b. 1830) and Marguerite Breland. She married Cleophas “Wallace” Ducharme, the son of Jean Baptiste Ducharme and Magdeleine Houle in 1874 at Duck Lake.

Lefort, Marie. (b. 1852)

Marie

was

the

daughter

of

Francois

Toussaint Lefort and Eliza Laplante. She married William Ross, the son of Donald Ross and Catherine Delorme in 1870 at St. Francois Xavier.

Lemire, Eliza (b. c. 1829)

Eliza was the eldest daughter of Joseph Lemire (b.c. 1811) and Julie Martin. She married Alexander Gaddy Sr. who was member of the Cowessess Band, he was a farmer on the reserve, and a former Headman of the band. In the 1870s he was hired as an interpreter for Cowessess Band. Alexandre was first married to Margaret Kennedy (Métis) and then to Eliza Lemire

(Métis). A number of her brothers were part of the Cypress Hills hunting brigade and signed the 1878 petition for a reserve. Alexander had five children: Mary (b. 1854), Margaret (b. 1857), William (b. 1861), Jane (b. 1863) and Alexander James (b. 1866). The Gaddy (Gaddie) family eventually took treaty and lived on the Cowessess Reserve on Crooked Lake.

Lemire (Le Mair), Chs. Pierre (b. 1860)

Charles Pierre Lemire was born on December 28, 1860, the son of Pierre Jarvis Lemire (b. 1830) and Therese Pelletier members of Little Child (Cowessess) Band. He married Sara Delorme in 1882 at Cypress Hills.

Lemire Jr., Pierre; address: Qu'Appelle; claim no. 1253; born: 1860 at St. Francois Xavier; father: Pierriche Lemire Sr. (Métis); mother: Thérese Pelletier (Métis); married: 1882 at Cypress Hills to Sara Delorme; scrip for $240.00.

Lemire, François. (b. 1844)

Francois was born at St. Francois Xavier the son of Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin. He

married Francoise Birston in 1865 at St. Francois Xavier. They had at least one child born at Cypress Hills. He became a Band member of Muscowequan Band (# 14) but left treaty after

1885.

Lemire, Francois; address: Fort Qu'Appelle; claim no. 1197; born: 1844 at St. Francois Xavier; father: Joseph Lemire (Métis); mother:

Julie Martin (Métis); married: 1865 at St. Francois Xavier to Francoise Birston; children living: Madeleine, Caroline; Melanie, Florestine, Joseph, Marie, Ernestine & Norman; children deceased: Philomene, St. Pierre; & unnamed; scrip for $160.00.

Lemire, (Le Mair), Joseph. (b. 1833)

Joseph was born at St. Francois Xavier circa February 1833, the son of Joseph Lemire (b. 1811) and Julie Martin. The parents were members of Muscowequan Band before they left treaty. Joseph married Suzanne Lepine, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lepine and Suzanne Gariepy in 1861 at St. Francois Xavier. He then married Clemence Boyer the daughter of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier. He and Clemence had four children born at Qu’Appelle, Moose Jaw and Cypress Hills. Norbert Welsh was his brother-in-law as they had married Boyer sisters. Their daughter Madeleine, born June 10, 1869 at Qu’Appelle married Joseph Le Rat in 1888. Children of Joseph and Suzanne:

Adele, born March 1, 1852 at SFX. She married James John Hamelin, the son of Jonas Hamelin and Marie Daigneault, in

  • 1882 on the Musselshell River.

Jean Baptiste Jonas, born November 15,

  • 1863 at SFX.

Susanne, born December 29, 1866 at

SFX, died September 1, 1867.

Children of Joseph and Clemence:

Magdeleine, born July 10, 1869 at Qu’Appelle.

William, born July 1870 at Lebret.

Victoire, born June 5, 1872 at Moose

Jaw. Marie, born November 1883 at Cypress Hills.

Joseph was band member #48 of Little Child’s Band. In 1886, Joseph, his wife, and three girls withdrew from Treaty. Joseph was also one of the 30 Metis at Fort Walsh who submitted a petition, September 7, 1876, on behalf of the Metis of the four districts of Assiniboia to join Treaty 4.

Lemire, Joseph; address: Qu'Appelle; claim no. 1194; born: 1834 at St. Francois Xavier; father:

Joseph Lemire (Métis); mother: Julie Martin (Métis); married: in 1868 at St. Francois Xavier to Clemence Boyer and in 1862 at St. Francois Xavier to Susanne Lepinee; children living:

Madeleine, Victoire and Marie; children deceased: William, Adèle, unnamed, William, child by last wife; scrip for $160.00.

Lemire (Le Maire), Pierre Jarvis. (b. 1830)

Pierre is one of four brothers listed here, Their last name is spelled in a variety of ways. Pierre was born near Fort Pelly, the son of Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin. In 1857 at St. Francois Xavier he married Therese Pelletier, the daughter of Charles Pelletier and Suzanne Bercier. Therese Pelletier had three brothers, Jean Baptiste (b. 1856), Edouard (b. 1836) and Cuthbert (b. 1846) who also signed this petition. Pierre, Therese and their eight children took their annuity payments in 1877 at Cypress Hills as members of Little Child (Cowessess) Band. They had eight children born, typically for buffalo hunting families they were born at a variety of locations; at St. Francois Xavier, Long Lake, Moose Jaw, Poplar Point, Wood Mountain, Swift Current and Fort Walsh. Pierre LeMire took discharge from the Muscowequan Band on April 28, 1886. Their son Patrice Lemire, born November 26, 1869 at Wood Mountain, married Liza Buffalo Girl, the daughter of Chief Little Bear and Kis-Ka-Men “Gone to Sleep.”

Lemire, Pierre; address: Qu'Appelle; claim no. 1221; born: 1830 near Fort Pelly; father: Joseph Lemire or Jowis (Métis); mother: Julie Martin (Métis); married: 1857 at St. Francois Xavier to Therese Pelletier; children living: Pierre, Cuthbert, Francois, Norbert, Patrice, Caroline, Florestine & Jean; scrip for $160.00.

Lemire, Xavier. (b. 1851)

Xavier was born at

Red River

the son

of

Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin. He married Clemence Birston at Qu’Appelle. He became a Band member of Muscowequan Band (# 15) but left treaty after 1885.

Lemire, Xavier; heir to his deceased daughter, Philomene Lemir; claim no. 919; address: Swift Current; born: 1877 at Cypress Hills; died: about 4 months after birth; father: Xavier Lemire (Métis); mother: Clemence Berston (Métis).

Birston, Clemence; address: Fort Qu'Appelle; claim no. 1220; born: 1851 at St. Francois Xavier; father: William Gaddy Birston (Métis); mother: Madeleine Gonneville (Métis); married:

1871 at Qu'Appelle to Xavier Lemire; children living: 5; children deceased: 3; scrip for

$240.00.

 William, born July 1870 at Lebret.  Victoire, born June 5, 1872 at Moose 

Lepine, Suzanne. (b. 1840)

Suzanne was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Lepine and Suzanne Gariepy. She married Joseph Lemire, the son of Joseph Lemire and Julie Martin in 1861 at St. Francois Xavier. They had three children. She died on October 2, 1867 at St. Francois Xavier. Joseph then married Clemence Boyer the daughter of Louis Boyer and Madeleine Trottier in 1868. Children of Joseph and Suzanne:

Adele, born March 1, 1852 at SFX. She married James John Hamelin, the son of Jonas Hamelin and Marie Daigneault, in

  • 1882 on the Musselshell River.

Jean Baptiste Jonas, born November 15,

  • 1863 at SFX.

Susanne, born December 29, 1866 at

SFX, died September 1, 1867.

LeRat, Sophie.

Sophie was the daughter of Francois LeRat dit Pitwewekijik and Rosalie Comptois. She married Bernard Delorme, a member of Turtle Mountain Band. He was born on Dec. 20, 1855, the son of Joseph “Akkway” Delorme and Isabelle Gourneau. Bernard was married to Sophia LeRat and they were part of the Cowessess Band. She took discharge from treaty on September 5, 1890. His brother is Joseph Delorme also with this hunting group as was his sister Isabelle who was married to Jean Baptiste Trottier also also a signator to this petition. Bernard and his family received Turtle Mountain Band annuity payments in 1873 and appear on subsequent census counts. Sophie took discharge

from treaty with Cowessess Band on September 5, 1890.

LeRat, Zacharie. (1858-1928) Zacharie LeRat dit Pitwewekijik was the son of Francois LeRat dit Pitwewekijik and Rosalie Comptois. Francois died in 1887 on the Turtle Mountain Reservation. Rosalie died on Cowessess reservation. His grandfather was Chief Black Duck dit Makadeshib. Stump Lake, North Dakota was the site of Black Duck Village. Black Duck was a sub-chief of the Turtle Mountain Band. In 1878, Zacharie and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. Zackarie became “Chief of the Half Breeds” at Cowessess where his relatives still live. He married Marie Landry the daughter of Pierre Landry and Madeleine Chadron. His sister Genevieve LeRat was married to Jean Baptiste Sparvie, another Metis who signed the Cypress Hills petition in 1878. They too became members of the Cowessess Band before she withdrew from treaty. Genevieve took discharge from treaty on June 13, 1890. 43

Letendré, Moïse

Léveillé, Gabriel. (b. 1841)

Gabriel Léveillé; born 1 December 1841 St. Francois Xavier; married Eliza Poitras, daughter of Pierre Poitras and Marie Bruyere on 3 November 1864 at St. Francois Xavier. He was the son of Pierre Léveillé, born June 1783 at La Bois-St.Paul, Comte Charlevois, Quebec and Julie McKenzie, the Metis daughter of Alexander McKenzie and his wife Marie. He died 8 April 1883 on the prairie at age 41. Gabriel was accidentally killed by his nephew, Paul Caplette.

Léveillé, Isaiah.

Ignace Leveille was the son of son of Louis

Léveillé and Marguerite Gervais. He married Marie Justine Ouellette, the daughter of François Ouellette and Amable Azure Berger.

Léveillé, Joseph. (b. 1843)

Joseph Léveillé; born circa 1843 at St. Boniface; married Sophie Grandbois, daughter of Michel Grandbois and Marguerite Landry on 11 January 1858 Assumption, Pembina, Dakota Territory. He was the son of Pierre Léveillé, born

43 Sherry Farrell Racette, . “Sewing Ourselves Together:

Clothing, Decorative Arts and the Expression of Metis and Half Breed Identity.” Winnipeg: University of Manitoba, Ph.D. dissertation, 2004: 59.

June 1783 at La Bois-St.Paul, Comte Charlevois, Quebec and Julie McKenzie, the Metis daughter of Alexander McKenzie and his wife Marie. He and Sophie Grandbois were enumerated in the census on 1 July 1886 Turtle Mountain, Dakota Territory. Also in the family: Joseph Léveillé and Julie McKenzie.

Scrip affidavit for Leveille, Joseph; born:

1843;

father:

Louis

Leveillee

(French

Canadian).; mother: Julie McKenzie (Métis); claim no: 1302; scrip no: 10246; date of issue:

Aug. 21, 1876; amount: $160

Léveillé, Paul. (b. 1858)

Paul Léveillé was October 10, 1858 at St. Francois Xavier was the son of Louis Léveillé and Marguerite Gervais. He married Rose Gariepy, daughter of J.B. Gariepy and Marie Fagnant at Fort Benton in 1879. He then married Rosalie Pelletier, the daughter of Alexis Pelletier and Louise Houle circa 1885 at Maple Creek.

Leveille, Paul; for his minor children: Louis Paul, born: 5 Dec., 1885 at Fort Walsh; unnamed boy, born: 1880 at Fort Walsh; TWINS died 6 months old; unnamed girl died 3 months old; address: Maple Creek; father: Paul Leveille (Métis & deponent); mother: Rosalie Pelletier for Louis Paul; Rose Garriepy for the twins; (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 718, Louis Paul; scrip cert.: form D, no. 1124, unnamed son heir; scrip cert.: form F, no. 340, Unnamed girl; father: Paul Leveillee; claim no. 1138.

Léveillé, Pierre Sr. (1829-1884)

Pierre Léveillé; born 14 January 1829 St. Francois Xavier; married Genevieve Fagnant, daughter of Jean Baptiste Fagnant and Josephte Monet dit Belhumeur on 15 September 1856 St. Francois Xavier. He was the son of Pierre Léveillé, born June 1783 at La Bois-St.Paul, Comte Charlevois, Quebec and Julie McKenzie, the Metis daughter of Alexander McKenzie and his wife Marie. He died on 16 February 1884 at St. Francois Xavier, at age 55. Pierre II, became a fur trader in the west. He had his own train of Red River carts. He thus became familiar with the routes across the prairies prior to 1873. By all accounts Pierre was an influential Metis of Red River. He temporarily opposed Riel in 1869-70 and kept Riel from obtaining the credentials of

Donald A. Smith. He helped negotiate the treaty with the Metis and Saulteaux Indians at the Lake of the Woods in 1873. Pierre was apparently renowned for his size and strength. He was an

“influential colonist” of the Red River, according to historian Alexander Begg. At the provisional government’s November 16, 1869 Convention of 24, Pierre Léveillé was a delegate, chosen to represent St. Francois Xavier. Pierre Léveillé from St. Francois Xavier was the guide who led the advance party of the newly-formed NWMP on their westward trek in 1874. After several weeks of traveling they arrived at Old Wives Lake (now named Johnson Lake, Saskatchewan). There they met Pierre’s brother Louis, family. Louis Léveillé took Pierre's place and Pierre returned to Fort Garry.

Léveillé, Pierre. (b. 1856)

Pierre Léveillé born March 20, 1856 at St. Francois Xavier was the son of Louis Léveillé and Marguerite Gervais. He married Pelagie Beauchamp at Lebret. Their four children were born at Lewistown, Montana; Fort Walsh and Saskatchewan Landing.

Léveillé, Thomas

Magill (McGillis dit Giroux), Alexandre (b.

1840)

Alexander McGillis, born at St. Francois Xavier was the son of Alexandre McGillis Sr. 44 and Marie Bottineau. He was the grandson of Angus McGillis who fought at the Battle of the Grand Coteau. Alexandre married Marie Jeanotte (b. 1847), the daughter of Francois Jeanotte and Madeleine Falcon on August 25, 1865 at St. Francois Xavier. Their 12 children were born at SFX, Willow Bunch and Cypress Hills.

Malaterre, Alexis. (b. 1825)

Alexis or Alexie Malaterre was born in July 1825 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Jean Baptiste Malaterre and Angelique Adam. He

married Marguerite Ward, the daughter of John Ward and Angelique Bruyere. The family is recorded in the 1881 Canada Census as Household # 4 living at Cypress Hills. With them are their children, Alexie (17), Napoleon (15), Celina (12), Adele (9), and Marguerite (5).

Malaterre, Charles. (b. 1862)

Charles was the son of Louis Malaterre and

Euphrosine La Pierre. He married Isabelle Rocheblave, the daughter of Antoine Rocheblave and Nancy Pelletier in 1885 at Lebret. Antoine Rocheblave also signed this petition.

44 Isabelle McGillis Wills was his aunt. Her husband also signed this petition.

Malaterre, Isabelle. (b. c. 1826)

Isabelle was the daughter of of Jean Baptiste Malaterre (b. 1781) and Angelique Adam (b. 1790). She married Gabriel Poitras the son of Andre Poitras and and Cuthbert Grant’s sister Marguerite Grant in 1842 at St. Francois Xavier.

Malaterre, Justine. (b. 1855)

Justine was born on November 19, 1855, the daughter of Alexis Malaterre (b. 1825) and Marguerite Ward. Isabelle Malaterre above is her aunt. Justine married Jean Baptiste Langer, the

son of Antoine Langer and and Louise collin in

  • 1876 at Lebret.

Malaterre, John. (b. 1857)

John was the son of Louis Malaterre and

Euphrosine La Pierre. John married Marie Rocheblanc (Rocheblave) the daughter of Antoine Rocheblave and Nancy Pelletier in 1879 on the Milk River.

Malaterre, Louis. (b. 1834)

Louis Malaterre, was born on September 28, 1834, the son of Jean Baptiste Malaterre and Angelique Adam. He was a Turtle Mountain Band member. He married Euphrosine Lapierre, the daughter of Antoine Marsant dit Lapierre and Louise Machegone, in 1853 at St. Francois Xavier. Louis died at Great Falls, Montana, June 25, 1895.

Malaterre, Louis. (b. 1846)

Louis was born on February 23, 1846, at St.

Francois Xavier, the son of Joseph Malaterre and

Marie Vivier. He married Julie Cris Robertson Robson in 1882 at St. Laurent on the south Saskatchewan. They lived at Duck Lake but after

  • 1885 moved to Fort Ellice. Louis was as member

of the Cypress Hills Metis hunting band that petitioned for a reserve in 1878. Louis was active as a scout and fighter during the 1885 Resistance at Batoche. On April 22, 1885 he received a vote of thanks from the Council for reconnaissance at Clarke’s Crossing (South of Fish Creek). This scouting activity was to report on Middleton’s progess northwards.

Malette, Antoine (b. 1840) This is Arsene (Anselme) Malette. On his scrip claim he says he left Manitoba in 1860 and in 1870 was living at Ile a la Crosse. When he

made application for his own scrip (1885) he was

a freighter and had lived in Calgary for four years. He married Madeleine Ducharme, the

daughter of Nicholas Ducharme dit Charon and his second wife Charlotte (Saulteaux) Abinoche in 1860. Madeleine’s brother, Jean Baptiste Ducharme (b. 1826) was also a member of this hunting brigade; see the entry of Jean Baptiste Ducharme above. Frederick St. Germain was the witness for the scrip claim Arsene put in for his son (below) said that Arsene had lived for a number of years in Montana and was receiving rations etc. as a member of the Flathead Reserve in Montana.

Malette, Anselme - Concerning his claim as a head of family - Address, Calgary - Born, 1840 at St. Boniface - Father, Joseph Malette, (French Canadian) - Mother, Marguerite, (Métis) - Married, 1860 at St. Boniface to Madeleine Ducharme - Children living, seven (names on declaration) - Children deceased, two - Scrip for $160 - Claim 199

Malette, Isidore.

Unable to find any record.

Marion, Joseph Edouard. (b. 1848)

Joseph, Maxime and Norman Marion were brothers, the sons of Narcisse Marion and Mary Bouchard.

Marion, Maxime. (b. 1838)

Maxime was the son of Narcisse Marion and Mary Bouchard. Maxime listed himself as a plains trader. Maxime Marion, a Boundary Commission guide in 1872-73 east of the Red River, was born April 25, 1838, at St. Boniface. He was the son of Narcisse Marion and Mary Bouchard. On September 1, 1862 at Pembina, he married Elise Jerome, daughter of Martin Jerome and Elizabeth Wilkie. Jean Baptiste Wilkie, the Metis

chief, was his uncle. Maxime was a signatory to the Turtle Mountain Treaty of July 13, 1892. He and his family appear on the Turtle Mountain Band census 1888-1892.

Marion, Norman. (b. 1854)

Norman was born at St. Boniface, the son

of Narcisse Marion (b. 1805) and Marie Bouchard. He married Rose Ouellette, the daughter of Metis trader Antoine Ouellette and Angelique Bottineau. Antoine Ouellette also signed this petition. Typical of hunting families they had children across the prairies at Wood Mountain, Lewistown, Lebret and Oak Lake. Norman’s father-in-law is listed below.

Martel, Marie Leocadiz. (b. 1841)

Marie was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Martel (b. 1810) and Josephte Godon. She was first married to Moise Azure, the son of Antoine azure and Charlotte Pelletier in 1861 at Pembina. She then married Charles Gladue, the son of Charles Gladu and Madeleine Poitras.

Children of Charles and Marie:

Charles, known as Tchee-guan”,

Marie Leocadie, born 1874 at

born 1868, died 1928 at Medicine Lake. Sarah, born 1871, married Andrew

Morin. Jean Marie, born 1872 at Lebret.

Lebret, died in 1895 at Dunsieth. Marie Louise, born 1876, married

St. Pierre Morin. Marie Rosalie, born 1876 at Wood

Mountain,

died

in

1893

at

St.

Louis. Claude, born 1880, married Marie Adeline dubois. Jean Moise, born 1884 at Belcourt, married Marie Pauline Dubois. Joseph, born 1884, married Marie Parisien then married Marie Louise Marion. William, born 1885, married Alicia Dubois. Louis John, born 1888, died 1971 at Medicine Lake.

McGillis Marie Therese. (b. 1860)

Marie was born on December 19, 1860 at

St. Francois Xavier, the daughter of Angus McGillis (b. 1837) and Isabelle Fagnant. Her aunt is Isballe McGillis listed below. She married Napoleon Lafournaise, the son of Joseph Lafournaise and Marie Madeleine Poitras in 1881 at St. Francois Xavier.

McGillis, Isabelle. (b. c. 1819)

Isabelle was the daughter of Angus McGillis and Marguerite Bottineau. She married married Edouard Wills, the son of John wills and cuthert Grant’s sister Josephte Grant in 1836 at St. Francois Xavier. Her neice listed above

later married another member of this hunting band.

McKay, Léonore “Parkah-harh-quon”. (b.

Cypress

Hills;

father:

Michel (Métis and

1847)

deponent); mother: Marie Thomas (Métis); claim

Little Shell Band member Leonard

Scrip application: McKay, Leonard; for his

no. 1159.

“Parkah-harh-quon” McKay was born on September 20, 1847, the son of William McKay

Montigny (Demontigny), Charles (b. 1845)

and Suzanne Versailles. He married Susan Lambert, the daughter of Joseph Lambert and Louis Plouf dit Villebrun. They had at least ten children born across the prairies at St. Norbert, Moose Jaw, Cypress Hills, and Fort Qu’Appelle.

living children: Philomene, born: 1873 near Moose Jaw; Napoleon, born: 1881 at Cypress Hills; address: Lariette, North

Charles Demontigny although born at St. Francois Xavier was a Turtle Mountain Band member, the son of Charles “Pah-pe-tche” Demontigny Sr. (b. 1819) and Marie Desjarlais. He first was married to Nancy Thorne then to Maria Branconnier. His father, Charles Sr. had worked for Antoine Desjarlais at Fort Desjarlais in the Souris River Valley in the 1840-50s.

Montigny (Demontigny), Patrick. (b. 1856)

Dakota; father: Leonard McKay (Métis and deponent); mother: Sara Lambert (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, nos. 224 and 228; claim no. 466.

Patrice Demontigny was the son of Charles Demontigny and Marie Desjarlais. Although born at Baie St. Paul, he was a Turtle Mountain Band member.

McKay, Maria.

Moreau, Angelique. (b. 1867)

 

Maria was the daughter of Edward McKay

employment with the N.W.M.P. as an interpreter.

Angelique

was

the

daughter

of

Jonas

a freeman living at the Red River Settlement. She married James Sanderson, on Sept. 16, 1872. In 1872, Sanderson and his wife accompanied her family on a move to the

Moreau (b. 1841) and Cecile Desjarlais. She married Julien Ouellette the son of Joseph Ouellette and Madeleine Paul in 1885 at Duck Lake.

Cypress Hills area. In 1875 he began

(Morin) Morrad, Alexander. (b. 1847)

 

He was also a meat and hay procurer for the police. To this end, he brought a herd of cattle from Montana to supply them as the buffalo were disappearing from the plains. He signed a petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles, August 6,

Alexandre was the son of Antoine Morin (b. 1808) and Therese Larocque (b. 1813). He married Angelique Bruneau dit Chatelain in 1868. They had thirteen children born at Willow Bunch, Wood Mountain, Cypress Hills, St. John and Turtle Mountain He died at Medicine Lake,

1880.

Montana in 1908. In the 1881 Canada Census the

In the Canada Census of 1881 James and Maria were recorded as household # 36 in Cypress Hills. He gives his occupation as “farmer.” Listed in the census are their children; Clara (8), Owen (6), Duncan (4) and Marie (2).

family is recorded as Household # 60, with them are their children, J. Alexandre (10), Therese (9), Josette (7), and Marie (3). Alexandre is the youngest of three brothers recorded here.

Morin, Louis. (b. 1837)

 

McLeod, Louise. (b. 1855)

Louis was born in March, 1837 at St.

Louise was born on February 7, 1855, the daughter of Joseph McLeod (b. 1810) and Louise Marchand.dite Lapierre.Louise married Joseph “Com Captain” Delorme, the son of Urbain Henault dit Delorme and Madeleine Vivier, in 1875 at St. Francois Xavier.

Boniface, the son of Antoine Morin (b. 1808) and Therese Larocque (b. 1813). He married Marguerite Gosselin (b. 1842), the daughter of Franciois Gosseline and Suzanne Lafournaise. They had nine children born at St. Norbert and Wood Mountain. In the 1881 Canada Census this

Méchiale, Daniel

family is recorded as Household # 58 in Cypress Hills area. He lists his occupation as “Trader”.

Michel, Joseph

With them are their children, J. Alfred, a clerk (16), Marguerite (14), Virginie (13), Louis (11),

Michel; for his deceased children: Marie Louise, born: 1883 at Big Stick Lake; died: 1885 at Medicine Hat; Joseph, born: 1875 at Duck Lake; died: 1878 at Big Stick Lake; address:

Joseph (9), Frederick (7), Henrie (5) and Pierre A. (2). Louis is the oldest of three brothers recorded here.

Morin, Madeleine. (b. 1849)

Madeleine was born in

St François-Xavier,

the daughter of Jean Baptiste Morin and Marie

Dubois. She married Edourd Pelletier (b. 1834) the son of Charles Pelettier and Suzanne Bercier. They had eleven children.

Morin, St. Pierre. (b. 1846)

Pierre known as “Kihtchee Norbay” was the son of Antoine Morin (b. 1808) and Therese Larocque (b. 1813). He married Elizabeth “Lysa” Gonneville (b. 1847), the daughter of Alexis Gonneville and Josephte Trottier. They had nine children, born at Lebret, Wood Mountain, Cypress Hills, and Turtle Mountain. In the 1881 Canada Census the family is recorded as Household # 59, in the Cypress Hills area. Pierre gives “hunter” as his occupation. With them are their children, Antoine (10), Philomene (8) and Josette (5). Pierre’s two brothers are listed above. After the sudden passing of Liza, St Pierre was married to Genevieve Whitford; born about 1840 in St Boniface.

Affidavit of Morin, St. Pierre;

born:

1

November 1849 at St. Norbert; father:

Antoine Morin (Métis); mother: Therese Rocque (Métis); claim no. 6198 1/2; grant no. 4841; date: 20 July 1877.

Morin, Pierre; address: Dunseith; heir to his deceased daughter, Virginie Morin; born:

December, 1877 at Cypress Hills; died:

1878 at Wood Mountain; father: Pierre Morin (Métis and deponent); mother: Elisa Gunville (Métis); scrip issued for 240 acres; file ref. 958702; claim no. 126.

Morin, Pierre; for his deceased children:

Antoine born: 1871 at Wood Mountain; died: 25 February, 1893; Julienne born:

1877 at Wood Mountain; died: 10 March, 1878; address: St. Johns, North Dakota; father: Pierre Morin (Métis and deponent); mother: Liza Goneville (Métis); scrip cert.:

form F, no. 324 and scrip cert.: form D, no.

744; claim no. 902.

Morrison, Edward. (b. 1864)

Edward Morrison was born on February 1, 1864 at Headingley, the son of Angus Morrison and Ann Cunningham.

Nolin, Marie. (b. 1828)

Marie was born on December 7, 1828, the

daughter of Augustin Nolin (b. 1781) and Helene

Cameron. Her father fought on the British side

during the War of 1812. Marie married Jean Baptiste Falcon, the son of Pierre Falcon and Marie Grant (the daughter of Cuthbert Grant), in 1846. Jean Baptiste was the leader for the St. Francois Xavier Hunt Brigade, thus he and Marie were veterans of the Battle of the Grand Coteau in 1851.

Scrip

affidavit

for

Falcon,

Marie,

wife

of

Baptiste Falcon; born: December 8, 1828; father: Augustus Nolin (Métis); mother: Ann Cameron (Métis); claim no: 551; scrip no: 4248 to 4255; date of issue: June 13, 1876; amount:

$160

Ouellette, Antoine. (1834-1922)

Antoine, also known as Antoine Ratte, Ellette or Wallette was born on December 29, 1834 at St. Francois Xavier, the son of Joseph Ouellette (b. 1799) and Therese Elizabeth Daniels dite Houle. Joseph was the son of Joseph Ouellette Sr. (b.1765) and Angelique (Assiniboine). Theresa Houle (b. 1805) was the daughter of Antoine Houle (b. 1781) and Josephte Lauzon. Antoine’s father Joseph II (c. 1799-1885) was the son of Joseph Ouellet and Angélique, an Assiniboine woman. He married Thérèse Elizabeth Houle and they had thirteen children. They lived at St. Norbert and St. François Xavier before moving to St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan in 1874. However, in 1875 he received Half Breed Scrip pursuant to the 1864 Treaty with the Red Lake and Pembina Bands of Chippewa Indians. In 1875 he and his sons received scrip stubs for 160 acres each, Scrip # 375 for Joseph Sr., Scrip # 388 for Antoine and #376 for his son Joseph. In 1868, he was living with the Turtle Mountain Band and received a $3.00 annuity payment from the American government. Joseph II fought and died at Batoche during the 1885 Resistance. Antoine Ouellette married Angelique “Omanukwe” Bottineau 45 (b. 1838), the daughter of Joseph Bottineau (b. 1815) and Angelique Cardinal (b. 1816) on June 15, 1857 at Pembina. Antoine’s brothers were married to Angelique’s sisters. Marie Bottineau, born in 1834 married Isidore Ouellette, born 1830. Josephte Bottineau, born in 1836 married Francois Ouellette born

45 Scrip affidavit for Ouellette, Angelique; born: 1838; husband: Antoine Ouellette; father: Joseph Botineau; mother:

Angelique Cardinal; claim no: 2650; scrip no: 12222; date of issue: April 20, 1877; amount: $160.

1832.

Antoine and Angelique had the following children:

Joseph, b. January 29, 1859.

Rose, b. April 30, 1861. She married

Norman Marion, the son of Narcisse Marion and Marie Bouchard. Norman also signed this petition. Typical of hunting families they had children across the prairies at Wood Mountain, Lewistown, Lebret and Oak Lake. Moise, b. July 2, 1863 at Lewistown.

He married Elise Isabella Dumont, the daughter of Edouard Dumont and Sophie Letendre in 1888 at Lewistown, Montana. Celina, b.c. 1865.

Francois “Frank”, b. October 14, 1868

at Devil’s Lake. He married Marie Alexina Welsh (Wells), the daughter of Edouard (Wills) Wells and Marie Demontigny, in 1893 at Lewistown, Montana. His father-in-law signed this petition. 46 Marie Elise, b. c. 1870 at Wood

Mountain. Marie Philomene, b. February 25, 1872

at Lebret. She married John Wills, the son of Edourad Wells (Wills) and Isabelle McGillis in 1887. 47 Joseph Jean Marie, b. February 4, 1874 at Wood Mountain. He died January

  • 1875. 48

  • 46 Ouellette, Francois; heir to his deceased children: Jean Isidore, born: 7 February, 1884, died: August, 1884; Jean Napoleon, born: 21 May, 1875 at Cypress Hills, died:

December, 1896 at Lewiston, Montana; Francois, born: 15 June, 1883 at Wood Mountain, died: 21 June, 1883 at Wood Mountain; Marie Christian, born: 16 May, 1885 at Cypress Hills; died: June, 1896 at Lewiston, Montana; address:

Grassland, Montana; father: Francois Ouellette (Métis and deponent); mother: Elise Berger (Métis); Jean Isidore, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1090; Jean Napoleon, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1092; Francois Jr., scrip cert.: form D, no. 1094; Marie Christine, scrip issued for 240 acres; file ref. 30853A; claim no. 1076.

  • 47 Ouellette, Antoine; for his daughter, Philoméne, wife of John Well; address: Lewiston, Montana; born: 1874 at Wood Mountain Post; father: Antoine Ouellette (Métis and deponent); mother: Angélique Bottineau (Métis); file ref. 12382A; claim no. 200.

  • 48 Ouellette, Antoine; heir to his deceased children: Jean Marie, born: March, 1874 at Wood Mountain Post, died:

January, 1875; Albert, born: October 1876 at Wood Mountain Post; died: December, 1877 at Fort Walsh; address: Lewiston, Fergus Co., Montana; father: Antoine Ouellette (Métis and

Albert,

b.

January

14, 1876

at Wood

Mountain.

He

died

in

1877

at

Fort

Walsh. Jean Baptiste, b. February Cypress Hills. 49

2, 1878 at

Marie Elizabeth, b. March 19, 1880 at

Lewistown.

 

She

married

Joseph

Dominique

Ducharme,

the

son

of

Francois

charron

dit

Ducharme

and

Josephte Carriere. Odilon, b. 1884. He married Eliza Azure, the daughter of joseph Azure and Elizabeth Champagne in 1923.

Antoine was an independent Metis trader operating back and forth to St. Paul in the Minnesota Territory and was heavily involved in the Metis-Dakota/Lakota trade. With the advent of the North West Mounted Police he became a scout and guide for them. When Sitting Bull came up to Wood Mountain in 1870 he was reliant upon trade with Antoine Ouellette and Louis Legare who was working for Ouellette out of Willow Bunch (Talle de Saules) as well as Joseph McKay. Joseph McKay was trading out of Fort Ellice and Baptiste Bourassa who was working for him was relieved of their whole trading outfit by the Sioux near the Milk River. Isaac Cowie reported that Antoine was trading liquor to the Indians at Wood Mountain, Pinto Horse Butte and Eagle Quills. 50 In 1877, tourists Percy Heber and his wife hired Antoine “Wallett” as their scout and guide. 51 They had three carts four men including Antoine and thirteen horses. They describe the French speaking Metis as Antoine their guide,

George, a cook, and Villeneuve, plus an English

speaking Sioux. The first permanent settlers in Spring Creek, what is now Lewistown, Montana were the Metis. In 1879 three bands comprising of about forty families came in their Red River Carts. A few of the names that became very familiar to all were Berger, Wells, Laverdure, Ouellette, and Ben Kline who down through the

deponent); mother: Angélique Bottineau (Métis); 2 scrip

issued for 240 acres; file ref. 947449; claim no. 221.

  • 49 Ouellette, John; address: Lewiston, Montan; born: 2

February, 1878 at Cypress Hills; father: Antoine Ouellette

(Métis); mother: Angelique Bottineau (Métis); for 240 acres; file ref. 947447; claim no. 1448.

scrip issued

  • 50 Isaac Cowie. The Company of Adventurers.Toronto:

William Briggs, 1913: 433.

  • 51 Percy Heber, Journal of two Excursions in the Brittiish North West Territory of North America, 1877, 1888. Market Drayton, England: Bennion & Horne, 1879: 4. They retained Antoine through James McKay at Silver Heights.

years was looked upon as their spokesman and leader. They immediately filed on homesteads. The Ouellette addition to the city, for example, located near the Garfield School, and known as “Buckskin Flats,” was Antoine Ouellette’s original homestead. In 1878, Antoine and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. His father, Joseph Sr., and brothers, Joseph Jr. and Jean Baptiste also signed this petition. This petition requested a re-opening of the buffalo hunt between November 14 th and February 15 th each year and the granting of Metis “reserve” land (A strip of land 150 miles long along the American border beginning where the Pembina River crosses the border). This strip was to be fifty miles from south to north. His brother Jean Baptiste Ouellette also signed this petition. Antoine and his brother Moise also signed the petition for a Metis reserve in Montana, sent by Louis Riel to General Nelson A. Miles on August 6, 1880. Antoine’s brother Moïse Ouellette (1840- 1911) has gone down in history as one of the men who accompanied Gabriel Dumont to Montana in 1884 to bring Louis Riel back to Canada. Riel stayed for a time with the Ouellette’s on his return to Canada. Moïse Ouellette was married to Isabelle Dumont, the sister of Gabriel Dumont. Her parents were Isidore Dumont Sr. and Louise Laframboise. Additionally, Gabriel Dumont’s brother Elie was married to Ouellette’s sister Françoise Ouellette. Joseph Ouellette Jr. (1824-1899) was the older brother of Antoine. In 1868, he moved from Red River to Wood Mountain for two years, then to Cut Arm Creek (one year), then back to Wood Mountain and Cypress Hills (8 years) then permanently to Duck Lake. In 1874, Joseph was issued Scrip # 375 (160 acres) under the Red Lake and Pembina Treaty. In 1878, Joseph and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. In 1855, at White Horse Plains, he married Madeleine Paul; they had six surviving children. Two of their boys, Julien and Joseph were active in the Resistance along with their father. Joseph’s niece Veronique was married to Michel Dumas, the farm instructor at One Arrow Reserve.

Ouellette, James. (1857-1941)

James Ouellette was born at Pembina on January 9, 1857, the son of Isidore Ouellette (b. 1830) and Marie Bottineau. He married Felicite

Lafournaise, the daughter of Joseph Lafournaise and Suzanne Valle at Wood Mountain in 1879.

Ouellette, Félicité - Concerning her claim as a child - Address, Willow Bunch via Moose Jaw - Father, Joseph Lafournaise, (Métis) - Born, 1858 at Pembina - Mother, Suzanne Vallée, (Métis) - Married, 1879 at Wood Mountain to James Ouellette - Scrip for $240 - Claim 1616

Ouellette, Jean Baptiste. (b. 1837)

François Xavier, the son of Joseph Ouelette Jr. and Thérèse Elizabeth Houle. He married Cecile Courchene the daughter of Francois Courchene and Francoise Beauchamp in 1858 at Pembina. They had three sons active in the Resistance: Jean Baptiste Jr., Bernard, and Abraham. Baptiste was a member of Captain Antoine Lafontaine’s company, one of the 19 dizaines led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance. In 1878, Jean Baptiste was a member of the Cypress Hills Metis hunting band that petitioned for a reserve.

Ouellette, Baptiste; address: St. Bonifac; born: 1837 at St. Norbert, Man; father:

Joseph Ouellette Sr. (Métis); mother:

Therese Houle (Métis); married: 1858 at St. Joe, Dakota to Cecile Courchene; children living: Jean Baptiste, Bernard, Abraham, Adelaide, Marie Rose, William, Thaddie and Eleonore; children deceased: Angele, St. Pierre, Francoise and 1 with no name; scrip for $160.00; claim no. 1143,.

On his 1885 claim for Half Breed Scrip for his children he states: “For the last twenty years I have been a permanent resident of the Territories and my deceased children lived with me up to the time of their demise. Both of my deceased children died at St. Albert in the Territories of small pox, during the month of August or September 1870.” Officials note on the claim:

“Will write to St. Albert for the burial certificates. Claimant declines answering questions relating to the part taken by him during the late rebellion.” 52 This claim was reserved because of his participation in the Resistance and later allowed on October 15, 1886. 53

  • 52 RG 15, D II (8) (b).

  • 53 The Deputy Minister of the Interior instructed (June 11, 1886) that all claims disallowed becase of Resistance activity would now be allowed.

Joseph was born at St. Francois Xavier the son of Joseph Ouelette III and Madeleine Paul. He married Marie Parenteau, the daughter of Petit Louis Parenteau and Susanne Grant.

Ouellette, Joseph. (1799-1885)

Joseph

(c.

1799-1885)

was

the

son

of

Joseph Ouellete and Angélique, an Assiniboine woman. He married Thérèse Elizabeth Houle and they had thirteen children. Their son Antoine Ouellette is listed above and he also signed this petition. They lived at St. Norbert and St. François Xavier before moving to St. Laurent on the South Saskatchewan in 1874. However, in 1875 he received Half Breed Scrip pursuant to the 1864 Treaty with the Red Lake and Pembina Bands of Chippewa Indians (Scrip # 375). In 1875 he and his son Joseph Jr. received scrip stubs for 160 acres each, Scrip # 375 for Joseph Sr. and #376 for his son Joseph. In 1868, he was living with the Turtle Mountain Band and received a $3.00 annuity payment from the American government. Joseph fought and died at Batoche during the 1885 Resistance.

Ouellette (Wallette), Joseph Jr. (1824-1899)

Joseph, the older brother of Antoine and Jean Baptiste Ouellette (above). Joseph was the son of Joseph Ouelette Jr. and Thérèse Elizabeth Houle. In 1868, he moved from Red River to Wood Mountain for two years, then to Cut Arm Creek (one year), then back to Wood Mountain and Cypress Hills (8 years) then permanently to Duck Lake. In 1874, Joseph was issued Scrip # 376 (160 acres) under the Red Lake and Pembina Treaty. In 1878, Joseph and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. In 1855, at White Horse Plains, he married Madeleine Paul; they had six surviving children. Two of their boys, Julien and Joseph were active in the Resistance. Joseph’s niece Veronique was married to Michel Dumas, the farm instructor at One Arrow Reserve. Joseph III fought for the Metis at Batoche. In 1878, Joseph and other Metis buffalo hunters at Cypress Hills wrote a petition asking for a special Metis reserve of land. Joseph fought for the Metis at Batoche. He was a member of Captain James Short’s company, one of the 19 dizaines led by Gabriel Dumont during the 1885 Metis Resistance. On his 1885 application for Half Breed Scrip Joseph states: “Up to 1868, I lived both in Manitoba and the Territories. In 1868, I moved to

Wood Mountain where I lived two years, thence to Cut Arm Creek, one year, thence again to Wood Mountain and Cypress Hills (for) about eight years, thence to Duck Lake where I have ever since resided. I am occupying a piece of land near Duck Lake, for which I never entered (application for title) for want of means. I am on said land since July 1879. Since last March I have continuously lived at Duck Lake and vicinity. I was present in arms at Batoche; but I was forced by the leaders to be present at the engagements with the government troops. I took no part in the engagement at Duck Lake nor at Fish Creek.” 54 This claim was reserved because of his participation in the Resistance and later allowed on October 13, 1886. 55

Ouellette, Joseph - Concerning his claim as a head of family - Address, Duck Lake - Born, 1834 near Winnipeg - Father, Joseph Ouellette, (Métis) - Mother, Thérèse Houle, (Métis) - Married, 1855 at White Horse Plains to Madeleine Paul - Children living, six (names on declaration) - Children deceased, six - Scrip for $160 - Claim 1271 Ouelette (Wallette), Julien. (b. 1849)

Julien was

born at