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Abundant, deficient and perfect numbers

Abundant: The sum of the proper factors is greater than the number itself. Deficient: The sum of the proper factors is less than the number itself. Perfect: The sum of the proper factors is equal to than the number itself.

Contoh:

1. A deficient number is a composite number in which the sum of its factors is less than the given number. For example, the number 8 has factors (divisors) of 1, 2, 4, and 8. If you disregard 8 as a factor, then the sum 1 + 2 + 4 = 7 and 7 is less than 8. Therefore, 8 is deficient. 2. An abundant number is a composite number whose factors, without the number itself, have a sum greater than the number. For example, 12 has factors of 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12. The sum 1+2+3+4+6 = 16, and 16 > 12. 3. A perfect number is one whose factors are equal to a given number. So, 6 is perfect because 1+2+3 = 6.