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TectonicPlatesTestStudyGuide

WeatheringandErosion
1.Whatisthedifferencebetweenweatheringanderosion?

2.Giveanexampleofchemicalandphysicalweathering.

3.Whatarethefouragentsoferosion?

TectonicPlates
1.Describethedifferencebetweenthecrust,mantle,andcore.

2.Howistheinnercoredifferentfromtheoutercore?

3.Describethedifferencebetweentheasthenosphereandthelithosphere.

4.Describewhattypesofplatesareinvolvedatasubductionzoneanddescribewhatwould mostlikelyformthere.

5.Describetheplatemotionandeventsthatwouldusuallyoccuratatransformboundary.

6.Describehowmountainsareformed.

7.Describewhathappensatadivergentboundaryonlandandintheocean.

8.Whatcausesthetectonicplatestomove?

9.WhatarethethreemainpiecesofevidencethatwereusedtosupportWegenerstheoryof continentaldrift?

10.Describehowislandsformedabovehotspotsandislandarcsaredifferent.

Volcanoes
1. Describethecharacteristicsofastratovolcanoorcompositevolcano.Whattypeof magmadoesithave?

2. Describethecharacteristicsofashieldvolcano.Whattypeofmagmadoesithave?

3. Describethecharacteristicsofacinderconevolcano.Whattypeofmagmadoesit have?

4. Whatdoestheexplosivenessofavolcanodependupon?

5. Whatisviscosity?Namealiquidthathasahighviscosityandalowviscosity.

6. ____________magmahasahighviscosityandahighamountofsilica. 7. _______________lavahasalowviscosityandalowamountofsilica. 8. Describewhatpyroclastsare.

9. Explainwhycompositevolcanoesoftenhavesteepslopesandexplosiveeruptions. 10. Explainwhyshieldvolcanoesoftenhavegentlysteepingslopesandlessexplosive eruptions.

Earthquakes
1. WhatisaPwaveandwhataresomeofitsproperties?Drawonebelow.

2. WhatisanSwaveandwhataresomeofitsproperties?Drawonebelow.

3. Whatisanormalfault?Drawonebelow.

4. Whatisareverse/thrustfault?Drawonebelow.

5. Whatisastrikeslipfault?Drawonebelow.

6. Defineeachofthefollowingterms:foreshocksaftershock,mainshock.

7. Describehowpotentialenergyisbuiltupandthe.Releasedduringanearthquake.

8. Whatisthedifferencebetweenthehangingwallandthefootwall?

9. Whatisthedifferencebetweenthefocusandtheepicenterofanearthquake?

10. LookattheseismogramandtheSPwaveTravelTimecurveonthebackofthispage. Firstofall,whendoestheSwavearriveaccordingtotheseismogram?Secondofall, howfaristhelocationwherethatseismogramwastakenawayfromtheepicenterofthe earthquake?Whatadditionalinformationwouldyouneedtodeterminetheexactlocation oftheearthquakeepicenter?