You are on page 1of 29

# Spreader Beam Analysis

Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
MAGNUM SUBSEA SYSTEMS
SPREADER BEAM ANALYSIS-DESIGN
CALCULATION
Rev Date Description Prepared
By
Checked By Approved
By
Status
A 20/05/2013 Spreader Beam
Calculation
Analysis
Susee Tay Zar Ravi

Customer:
DOF
Contract No.

Document Title:
Spreader Beam-Design Calculation

Document No.:
DOF10011-25

Rev:
00

1
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
1.0 SCOPE:
This document calculated the design of Spreader Bar,Padeye and the Sli ngs
2.0 REFERENCES
2.1 REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
DNV 2.7-1: DNV STANDARD FOR CERTIFICATION No.2.71.
API 17D Annex-K:PADEYE designed based on API 17D Annex-K
3.0 ASSUMPTIONS
1.DAF is Considered as 3 for designing the Spreader bar design
2.Design Factor is Considered as 5 for Sling design
Spreader Beam is designed based on the self weight of Jumper spool
Load and the Connector Weight.Factor of safety is considered as 3.
Weights of the Jumper spool and
Connector:
Overall weight of the Jumper includes Connector :4315kg
1st Connector Weight C
1
1761.3kg :=
2nd Connector Weight

C
2
1761.3kg :=
Jumper pipe Weight includes fluid weight J
1
933.33kg :=
Design Factor DAF 3 :=
1st Connector weight with FOS A
1
C
1
DAF 5283.9 kg = :=
2nd Connector Weight with FOS B
1
C
2
DAF 5283.9 kg = :=
Jumper with Fluid weight includes FOS act at the
COG:
J
FOS
J
1
DAF 2800 kg = :=
2
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Calculating the load acting at the top and bottom side of the Spreader Beam
due to the jumper load and Connector Weight
Moment about A,
R
B
6713.45kg :=
R
A
6654.55kg :=
The reaction force R
A
and R
B
are the force which are lifting the Jumper Spool
load and this would be acting downwards of the spreader beam.
Self weight of the spreader Beam SW=6630kg.
Dynamic Amplification Factor=3
Self weight has been shared on the spreader beam with below specified
loacations with DAF as 3.

3
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Considering the Self Weight of the Spreader Beam to find out the Reaction force at X
and Y: Rx and Ry
Moment about Rx;
15.378 R
Y
=6713.45 (16.339)+6630 (13.39)+6630(8.65)+6630(3.91)-6654.55(0.961)
Ry 17905.09kg :=
Rx 15352.91kg :=
The reaction force Rx and Ry are the weight which should be lifted by the top side
padeye.
Shear Force
at Ra=-6654.55kg Shear Force at Ra
Shear Force at Rx
at Rx=8698.36kg
at Sw1=2068.36kg Shear Force at Sw1
at Sw2=-4561.64kg Shear Force at Sw2
at Sw3=-11191.64kg Shear Force at Sw3
at Ry=6713.45kg Shear Force at Ry
at Rb=0 Shear Force at Rb
4
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Bending Moment
Bending Moment at Ra
at Ra=0
Bending Moment at Rx
at Rx= -6395.02kg m
at Sw1= 19253.75kg m Bending Moment at Self Weight1
at Sw2= 29053.47kg m Bending Moment at Self Weight2
at Sw3= 7438.29kg m Bending Moment at Self Weight3
at Ry= -25265.85kg m Bending Moment at Ry
at Rb= 0kg m Bending Moment at Rb
Maximum Bending Moment occur at Sw2=29053.47kgm
Designing the Spreader beam dia and thickness based on the maximum bending
moment
Outer Diameter of Pipe OD 16in :=
Thickness of the pipe t 19.11mm := t 0.752 in =
ID OD 2 t ( ) :=
Inner Diameter of the pipe ID 0.368 m =
Y
OD
2
:= Y 0.203 m =
Moment of Inertia I

64
OD
4
ID
4

( )
:=
I 4.37 10
4
m
4
=
Maximum Bending Moment Mmax Mmax 29053.47kg m :=
5
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Maximum Stress acting on the Spreader
Beam

Mmax Y g
I
:=
132.482 MPa =
Yield Stress
y
344MPa :=
Allowable Stress:all all
2
3

y
:=
all 229.333 MPa =
FOS
all

## 1.731 = := Factor Of Safety

Designing Padeye at the top of the Spreader Beam
Reaction force acting at two ends of the top side of the Spreader Beam
Rx 15352.91kg 15352.91kg = :=
Ry 17905.91kg 17905.91kg = :=
MGW Rx Ry + 33258.82kg = :=
MGW1 33.258tonne :=
MGW
1
MGW1 g 326.15 kN = :=
Padeye -In Plane Loads (Per DNV 2.7-3 Section 3.5.4)
30 := Sling angle from vertical
No significant uncertainity in CoG
PL 0.5 :=
Resultant Sling force (RSF) on each
Padeye for single point lift. RSF
1.2 PL MGW
1

cos ( )
225.963 kN = :=
RSF 23.042 tonnef =
6
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Padeye Design

ypadeye1
50ksi 3.447 10
8
Pa = := padeye material yield
Allowable stress (Per DNV 2.7-3,section
3.4.3)

a
0.85
ypadeye1
2.93 10
8
Pa = :=
E 200 10
9
Pa := Elastic Modulas for steel
Shackle Selection
Selecting G-2130 Shackle from crossby catalogue 25 ton load limit.
A 2.88in := Shackle jaw width
B 2.04in := Shackle pin dia
F 4.19in := Shackle Flange Width
Padeye geometry
t
1
0.75 A 2.16 in = := Minimum Padeye thickness(API 17D-K 2.3.3)
t
2
0.9 A 2.592 in = := Maximum Padeye thickness (API 17D-K2.3.3)
t 60mm := Selected Padeye Thickness
t
p
40mm := Main Plate thickness
t
c
10mm := Cheek Plate thickness
Dh 1.06 B 54.925 mm = :=
Maximum Padeye Hole Dia (Per API 17D-K.2.3.2)
D
h
55mm 2.165 in = :=
D
pin
2.04in :=
D
Cheek
100mm :=
R
cheek
D
Cheek
2
1.969 in = :=
a 5mm := Weld throat thickness
7
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
R
1
1.75 Dh 3.784 in = := Padeye Min Radius (API 17D-K.2.3.4)
R
2
2 Dh 4.325 in = := Padeye Maximum Radius (API 17D-K.2.3.4)
R
pl
4.3in := Selected Padeye Radius
R
pad
R
pl
t
p
2 R
cheek
t
c
+
t
3.523 in = :=
h
t
2
1.181 in = := Weld height(API 17D-K.2.3.5)
Clearance (API 17D K.2.3.5)
C 1in :=
H
F
2
h +
|

\
|
|

C + :=
Distance from base to center of hole (API 17D-K.2.3.5)
H 4 in =
30 := Assuming Padeye with 60deg tapered sides
L 2
R
pad
cos ( )
H h ( ) tan ( ) +

(
(

## 12 in = := Length of Padeye (API 17D-K.2.3.6)

Bearing Pressure

bearing
0.18
RSF
1
D
pin
1
D
h

\
|
|

E
t
:=

bearing
1.651 10
8
Pa =
Factor of Safety of Bearing Pressure should
be more than 1
SF
bearing

bearing
1.775 = :=
8
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Tear Out Stress (DNV 2.7-3,AppendixA)

to2
2 RSF
2 R
pad
D
h

( )

t
109.224 MPa = :=
SF
to2

to2
2.683 = := Factor of Safety of Tear out stress should be
more than 1
Cheek Plate Welds:

ch
RSF t
c

t D
Cheek
a
75.321 MPa = :=
SF
Cheek

ch
3.89 = :=
Combined Streass as per DNV 2.7-3 A.6:
Resultant Sling Force(RSF) F
sling
RSF 225.963 kN = :=
Sling Angle from Vertical 30 :=
Padeye Length L 297.42 mm =
Padeye Thickness
t 60 mm =
Padeye Hole Dia D
h
55 mm =
Padeye Material yield Strength
y
355MPa :=
Allowable
e
0.85
y
:=

e
301.75 MPa =
9
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Vertical Inpl ane Load F
Vsling
F
sling
cos ( ) :=
F
Vsling
195.69 kN =
Horizontal Inplane Load F
Hsling
F
sling
sin ( ) :=
F
Hsling
112.982 kN =
F
op
F
sling
.05 :=
Design out of Plane Load
F
op
11.298 kN =
Tensile Stress:
Tensile Stress due to in-pl ane vertical load
t1
F
Vsling
L t D
h
t
( )

:=

t1
13.454 MPa =
Utilisation U
t1

t1

e
:= U
t1
0.045 =
Shear Stress:
Equivalent Shear Force: F
s
F
Hsling
2
F
op
2
+
|
\
|

:=
F
s
113.545 kN =

s
F
s
L t D
h
t
( )

:=
Equivalent Shear Stress

s
7.806 MPa =
Utilisation
U
s

e
:= U
s
0.026 =
10
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Bending Stress due to out of plane horizontal force:
Bending Moment Arm L
ba
H D
h
+
2
:=
L
ba
81.806 mm =
Effective Moment of Inertia I
op
L t
3

12
:=
I
op
5.354 10
6
mm
4
=
M
op
F
op
L
ba
:=
Out Plane Bending Moment
M
op
0.924 kN m =
Out Plane Bending Stress
bop
M
op
t
2
I
op
:=

bop
5.179 MPa =
Bending Stress due to In-Plane Horizontal Force:
In Plane Bending Moment: M
ip
F
Hsling
L
ba
:=
M
ip
9.243 kN m =
Effective Moment of Inertia I
ip
t
L
3
12
:=
I
ip
1.315 10
4
m
4
=
In Plane Bending Stress:
bip
M
ip
L
2
I
ip
:=

bip
10.449 MPa =
11
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Total Bending Stress:
bt

bip

bop
+ :=

bt
15.628 MPa =
Combined Stress

cs

t1

bt
+
( )
2
3
s
2
+ :=
Combined Stress

cs
32.071 MPa =
Utilisation
U
cs

cs

e
:=
U
cs
0.106 =
Weld Shear Stress due to Horizontal Component of the Force (API 17D,K.3.3.3.3)
1 60 :=
F
h
RSF sin 1 ( ) :=
Horizontal Component Force
F
h
195.69 kN =
x sin 45 ( ) h :=
x 0.835 in = Mean Weld bead size
A
w
2 x L t + ( ) [ ] 0.015 m
2
= := Total average throat area

h
F
h
A
w
1.29 10
7
Pa = := Stress due to horizontal component of force
(K.3.3.3.3)
12
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8

allowable
1
1.44

y
2.465 10
8
Pa = := Allowable shear stress ,equation K.21,API
17D Section K 3.3.3.3
Safety Factor should be more than 1.44(API 17D
SEC K.3.3.3.3)
SF
h

allowable

h
19.103 = :=
Weld Shear Stress due to Vertical Load Test
LOAD
test
2.5 MGW 8.315 10
4
kg = :=
F
h.Load..
LOAD
test
g 815.394 kN = :=

h.Load.test
F
h.Load..
A
w
5.377 10
7
Pa = :=
SF
.h.load.test

allowable

h.Load.test
4.585 = := Factor of Safety should be more than
1.44.(API 17D Sec K.3.3.3.3)
Tensile Stress due to Verti cal Component of Force at throat of the weld (API
K.3.3.3.4)
F
V
RSF cos ( ) :=
Vertical Component of Force
F
V
1.957 10
5
N =
Tensile Stress due to verti cal component on
throat of weld

V
F
V
A
w
1.29 10
7
Pa = :=
Factor of Safety should be more than
1.67.(API 17D Sec K.3.3.3.4)
SF
.H

V
22.707 = :=
13
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Design of Sling based BASED on RSF:
RSF 23.042 tonnef = Resultant Sling Force
MBL 5 RSF 115.209 tonnef = := Maximum Breaking Load
Nominal Dia 40mm,6*36 CLASS IWRC,1960 Grade, MAXIMUM BREAKING LOAD 115
TONNE.
Designing a Padeye at the bottom of the Spreader Beam
Reaction force acting at two ends of the connector
Ra 6654.55kg 6654.55 kg = :=
Rb 6713.45kg 6713.45 kg = :=
MGW Ra Rb + 13368 kg = :=
MGWunitless 13.368 :=
MGW 13.368tonne :=
MGW
1
MGW g 131.095 kN = :=
Padeye -In Plane Loads (Per DNV 2.7-3 Section 3.5.4)
0 := Sling angle from vertical
No significant uncertainity in CoG
PL 0.5 :=
RSF
1.2 PL MGW
1

cos ( )
78.657 kN = := Resultant Sling force (RSF)
on each Padeye for single
point lift.
RSF 8.021 tonnef =
14
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Padeye Design

y
50ksi 3.447 10
8
Pa = := padeye material yield
Allowable stress (Per DNV 2.7-3,section 3.4.3)

a
0.85
y
2.93 10
8
Pa = :=
E 200 10
9
Pa := Elastic Modulas for steel
Shackle Selection
Selecting G-2130 Shackle from crossby catalogue 8.5 ton load limit.
A 1.69in := Shackle jaw width
B 1.15in := Shackle pin dia
F 2.38in := Shackle Flange Width
Padeye geometry
t
1
0.75 A 1.268 in = := Minimum Padeye thickness(API 17D-K 2.3.3)
t
2
0.9 A 1.521 in = := Maximum Padeye thickness (API 17D-K2.3.3)
t 38mm := Selected Padeye Thickness
Dh 1.06 B 30.963 mm = :=
Maximum Padeye Hole Dia (Per API 17D-K.2.3.2)
D
h
31mm 1.22 in = :=
R
1
1.75 Dh 2.133 in = := Padeye Min Radius (API 17D-K.2.3.4)
R
2
2 Dh 2.438 in = := Padeye Maximum Radius (API 17D-K.2.3.4)
R 2.4in := Selected Padeye Radius
15
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
h
t
2
0.748 in = := Weld height(API 17D-K.2.3.5)
Clearance (API 17D K.2.3.5)
C 1in :=
Distance from base to center of hole (API 17D-K.2.3.5)
H
F
2
h +
|

\
|
|

C + :=
H 3 in =
30 := Assuming Padeye with 60deg tapered sides
L 2
R
cos ( )
H h ( ) tan ( ) +

(
(

## 8 in = := Length of Padeye (API 17D-K.2.3.6)

Bearing Pressure (Apendix A,DNV 2. 7-3)

bearing
0.045
RSF E
Dh t
164.546 MPa = :=
Factor of Safety of Bearing Pressure should be
more than 1
SF
bearing

bearing
1.781 = :=
Tear Out Stress (DNV 2.7-3,AppendixA)

to2
2 RSF
2 R Dh ( ) [ ] t
69.004 MPa = :=
SF
to2

to2
4.247 = := Factor of Safety of Tear out stress should be
more than 1
16
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Combined Streass as per DNV 2.7-3 A.6:
Resultant Sling Force(RSF) F
sling1
RSF 78.657 kN = :=
Sling Angle from Vertical 30 :=
Padeye Length L 205.012 mm =
Padeye Thickness
t 38 mm =
Padeye Hole Dia D
h
31 mm =
Padeye Material yield Strength
y1
355MPa :=
Allowable
e1
0.85
y
:=

e
301.75 MPa =
Vertical Inpl ane Load F
Vsling1
F
sling1
cos ( ) :=
F
Vsling1
68.119 kN =
Horizontal Inplane Load F
Hsling1
F
sling1
sin ( ) :=
F
Hsling1
39.329 kN =
F
op1
F
sling1
.05 :=
Design out of Plane Load
F
op1
3.933 kN =
17
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Tensile Stress:
Tensile Stress due to in-pl ane vertical load
t1
F
Vsling1
L t D
h
t
( )

:=

t1
10.302 MPa =
Utilisation U
t1

t1

e
:=
U
t1
0.034 =
Shear Stress:
Equivalent Shear Force: F
s1
F
Hsling1
2
F
op1
2
+
|
\
|

:=
F
s1
39.525 kN =

s1
F
s1
L t D
h
t
( )

:=
Equivalent Shear Stress

s1
5.977 MPa =
U
s1

s1

e
:=
Utilisation U
s1
0.02 =
18
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Bending Stress due to out of plane horizontal force:
Bending Moment Arm L
ba1
H D
h
+
2
:= L
ba1
52.813 mm =
Effective Moment of Inertia I
op1
L t
3

12
:= I
op1
9.375 10
5
mm
4
=
M
op1
F
op
L
ba1
:=
Out Plane Bending Moment M
op1
0.597 kN m =
Out Plane Bending Stress
bop1
M
op1
t
2
I
op1
:=
bop1
12.094 MPa =
Bending Stress due to In-Plane Horizontal Force:
In Plane Bending Moment: M
ip1
F
Hsling1
L
ba1
:=
M
ip1
2.077 kN m =
Effective Moment of Inertia I
ip1
t
L
3
12
:=
I
ip1
2.729 10
5
m
4
=
In Plane Bending Stress:
bip1
M
ip1
L
2
I
ip1
:=

bip1
7.803 MPa =
Total Bending Stress:
bt1

bip1

bop1
+ :=

bt1
19.896 MPa =
19
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Combined Stress

cs1

t1

bt1
+
( )
2
3
s
2
+ :=
Combined Stress

cs1
33.087 MPa =
Utilisation
U
cs1

cs

e
:=
U
cs1
0.106 =
Weld Shear Stress due to Vertical Load Test
LOAD
test1
2.5 MGW 3.342 10
4
kg = :=
F
h.Load.1.
LOAD
test1
g 327.738 kN = :=

h.Load.test1
F
h.Load.1.
A
w
2.161 10
7
Pa = :=
SF
.h.load.test1

allowable

h.Load.test1
11.407 = := Factor of Safety should be more than
1.44.(API 17D Sec K.3.3.3.3)
20
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Tensile Stress due to Verti cal Component of Force at throat of the weld (API
K.3.3.3.4)
F
V1
RSF cos ( ) :=
Vertical Component of Force
F
V1
7.866 10
4
N =
Tensile Stress due to verti cal component on t hroat of
weld

V1
F
V1
A
w
5.187 10
6
Pa = :=
Factor of Safety should be more than
1.67.(API 17D Sec K.3.3.3.4)
SF
.H1

V1
56.492 = :=
Design of Sling based on RSF:
RSF 78.657 kN = Resultant Sling Force
RSF 8.021 tonnef =
MBL1 5 RSF 40.104 tonnef = := Maximum Breaking Load
Nominal Dia 24mm,6*36 CLASS IWRC,1960 Grade MAXIMUM BREAKING LOAD 41
TONNE.
21
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Calculating stress acting on each Stud of the Clamp mounted on the Spreader
Beam
Resultant Sling Force P 225.963kN :=
60 :=
Vertical Load P
v
P sin ( ) := P
v
195.69 kN =
Horizontal Load P
H
P cos ( ) := P
H
112.982 kN =
Number of Studs N 5 :=
Total No. of Studs 6.Consider N =5;assume i f 1stud f ails.
Stud Dia D 0.875in :=
Area of Stud A
s

4
D
2
:=
A
s
3.879 10
4
m
2
=
Tensile Stess due to Vertical Load acting on each Stud:
Vertical Load acting on each stud P
t
P
v
N
39.138 kN = :=
Tensile Stress
t
P
t
A
s
:=

t
100.885 MPa =
Tensile Strength of Stud
ts
125ksi :=

ys
105ksi :=
Yield strength of bolt

all
0.60
ts
:=
Allowable Tensile Strength
all
517.107 MPa =
22
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Safety Factor SF
1

all

t
|

\
|
|

:=
SF
1
5.126 =
Utility Ratio UR
1

all
:=
UR
1
0.195 =
Shear Stres due to Horizontal Force acting on each Stud
Horizontal Load acting on each bolt P
s
P
H
N
22.596 kN = :=
Shear strength acting on each stud
s
P
s
A
s
58.246 MPa = :=

all
1
1.44

ys
:=
Allowable Shear Strength

all
502.743 MPa =
SF
2

all

s
8.631 = :=
Factor of Safety
Utility Ratio UR
2

all
0.116 = :=
23
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
Preload Calculation for the Studs using in the Clamp:
D =Stud Diameter D 0.875in := D 0.022 m =
P =Thread Pitch P 2.822mm := P 2.822 10
3
m =
A
s

4
D 0.9743 P ( ) [ ]
2
:= As Per API 6A Annex D D.3 Equations
A
s
=Stress area A
s
2.979 10
4
m
2
=
A
s
=Stress area of one stud
Combined Stress
Tensile Stress acting on one stud
t
100.885 MPa =
Shear Stress acting on one stud
s
58.246 MPa =

total

t
2
3
s
2
+ :=

total
142.672 MPa =
F
total
A
s
:= As Per API 6A Annex D D.3 Equations
F 4.25 10
4
N = F =Force acting on one stud.
E 0.8028in := E =Pitch Diameter of the thread
E 0.02m =
f 0.13 := f =friction Coefficient
S
1
cos 30 ( )
:= S 1.1547 =
H 1.5 D 3.175mm + := H 36.512 mm = H =Hex size (Nut)
24
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
K 3.175mm := K =Nut internal Chamfer
T1
F E P f E S + ( )
2 E P f S ( )
F f
H D + K +
4
|

\
|
|

## + := As Per API 6A Annex D D.3

Equations
T1 170.217 J =
Torque required for one st ud and nut
Calculating Hoop Stress of the Pipe
Force acting on the Clamp P1 225.963kN :=
Thickness of the Pipe t
p
19.11mm :=
Force acted along the length
of the pipe
L
p
23.6in :=
Hoop Stress acted on the pipe length which is mounted by the clamp

P1
t
p
L
p

:=

19.726 MPa =

y
50ksi :=
Yield Strength of the pi pe:
y

c
0.60
y
:=
Compression Stress:
c

c
206.843 MPa =
FS

10.486 = :=
Factor of safety FS
Utility Ratio UR UR

c
0.095 = :=
END
25
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
26
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
27
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
28
Spreader Beam Analysis
Design Calculation
Doc No:EC000120-8
29