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Arsenic

Atomic number: 33
Atomic symbol: As
Atomic weight: 74.9
Melting point: -817 ° Celsius
Boiling point: 603 ° Celsius

History:

In Latin word “arsenicum”, in Greek word “arsenikon”. Element arsenic occurs in two
solid modifications: yellow, and gray or metallic, with specific gravity of 1.97, it is
believe that “Albertus Magnus” obtained the element in 1250 A.D. in 1649 Schroeder
publish two methods of preparing the element. Mispickel arsenopyrite, (FeSAs), is the
most common mineral from which, on heating, the arsenic sublimes leaving ferrous
sulfide.

Properties:

The element is a steel gray, very brittle, crystalline, semi metallic solids; it tarnishes
(dull) in air, and when it is heated it rapidly oxidizes to arsenous oxides, which smell of
garlic. Arsenic and its compound are poisonous.

Uses:

Hardening shots, laser materials. Poisons, insecticides


Antimony

Atomic number: 51
Atomic symbol: Sb
Atomic weight: 121.75
Melting point: 630.63 ° Celsius
Boiling point: 1587 ° Celsius

History:

From the Greek word “anti” pus “monos”- means “a metal not found alone”. Antimony was
recognize in compounds by the ancients was known as a metal at the beginning of the 17th
century and possibly much earlier.

Properties:

Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity. Antimony and many of its compounds are
toxic.

Uses:

Bearing, batteries, cables, ceramic enamels