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Electric motors and generators

From Physclips: Mechanics with animations and film.

An introduction using animations and schematics to explain the physical principles of some of the different electric motors, generators, alternators, linear motors and loudspeakers.

Schematics and operation of different types of motor o DC motors o Motors and generators o Alternators o Back emf o 'Uni ersal' motors o Build a simple motor o AC motors !synchronous and stepper motors" o #nduction motors o S$uirrel cage motors o %hree phase induction motors o &inear motors &oudspeakers %ransformers AC s DC generators Some 'e( resources

%he schematics sho'n here are idealised, to make the principles o( ious. )or example, this animation has *ust one loop of 'ire, and a ery simple geometry. +eal motors use the same principles, (ut their geometry is usually complicated. #f you already understand the (asic principles of the arious types of motors, you may 'ant to go straight to the more complex and su(tle cases descri(ed in ,o' real electric motors 'ork, (y -rof .ohn Storey.

DC motors

A simple DC motor has a coil of 'ire that can rotate in a magnetic field. %he current in the coil is supplied that make mo ing contact 'ith a split ring. %he coil lies in a steady magnetic field . %he forces exerted on th carrying 'ires create a tor$ue on the coil.

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