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TRANSMISSIONS

T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
OCTOBER 2008
(REVISED)
10-123 SERVI CE MANUAL
TRANSMISSIONS
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
SERVICE MANUAL
OCTOBER 2008
(REVISED SUPERSEDES ISSUE DATED JULY 2003)
MACK TRUCKS, INC. 2008
10-123
T313T318(L)(LR)
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
Page ii
ATTENTION
The information in this manual is not all inclusive and cannot take into
account all unique situations. Note that some illustrations are typical and
may not reflect the exact arrangement of every component installed on a
specific chassis.
The information, specifications, and illustrations in this publication are
based on information that was current at the time of publication.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or be transmitted in any form by any means including (but not
limited to) electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise
without prior written permission of Mack Trucks, Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
SAFETY INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Advisory Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Service Procedures and Tool Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
EXPLANATION OF NUMERICAL CODE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CONVERSION CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
TRANSMISSION IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Unit Identification Stamping Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Transmissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
T313 Series Gear Ratios and Shift Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
T318 Series Gear Ratios and Shift Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shifting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shifting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Guidelines for PTO Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
T313 Power Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
T318 Power Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
COMPONENT LOCATOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
TRANSMISSION MAJOR COMPONENT LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Checking Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Changing Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Magnetic Oil Filter Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Air Breather(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
TRANSMISSION COMPONENT DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Main Case Shift Cover Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Rear Case Shift Cover Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Three-Position Range Shift Cylinder Disassembly (Compound Neutralizing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Two-Position Range Shift Cylinder Disassembly (Compound Non-Neutralizing) . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Range Shift Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Main Drive Pinion Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Front Mainshaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and Synchronizer Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Disassembly: T313T318(L)(LR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Rear Output Housing Disassembly: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Front Countershaft Front Bearing Cover Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Front Countershaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Front Countershaft Rear Bearing Cover Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Rear Countershaft Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Reverse Idler Gear Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page v
INSPECTION OF PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Inspection and Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Gears . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Shifter Forks, Sliding Clutches and Shift Rails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Oil Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
General Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
General Reassembly Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
TRANSMISSION COMPONENT REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Reverse Idler Gear Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Rear Countershaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Front Countershaft Rear Bearing Cover Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Front Countershaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Front Countershaft Front Bearing Cover Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Reassembly: T313T318(L)(LR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Rear Output Housing Reassembly: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and Synchronizer Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Front Mainshaft Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Main Drive Pinion Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Range Shift Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Two-Position Range Shift Cylinder Reassembly (Compound Non-Neutralizing) . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Three-Position Range Shift Cylinder Reassembly (Compound Neutralizing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
Rear Case Shift Cover Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Main Case Shift Cover Reassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
TRANSMISSION REASSEMBLY PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
TRANSMISSION SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Torque Specifications, T313T318(L)(LR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Torque Specifications, T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226
Gear Identification, T313T318(21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Gear Identification, T313T318(L)(LR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Gear Identification, T313T318(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Fits and Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
General Tolerances, T313T318(L)(LR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
General Tolerances, T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Transmission Specifications and Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
AIR PIPING DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Air Control without Compound Neutralizing for
PTO Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Air Control with Compound
Neutralizing for PTO Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
SPECIAL TOOLS & EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
SPECIAL TOOLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLED VIEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257
Page vi
NOTES
INTRODUCTION
Page 1
INTRODUCTION
Page 2
INTRODUCTION
SAFETY INFORMATION
Advisory Labels
Cautionary signal words (Danger-Warning-Caution) may appear in various locations throughout this
manual. Information accented by one of these signal words must be observed to minimize the risk of
personal injury to service personnel, or the possibility of improper service methods which may damage
the vehicle or cause it to be unsafe. Additional Notes and Service Hints are used to emphasize areas of
procedural importance and provide suggestions for ease of repair. The following definitions indicate the
use of these advisory labels as they appear throughout the manual:
Danger indicates an unsafe practice that could result in death or serious
personal injury. Serious personal injury is considered to be permanent injury
from which full recovery is NOT expected, resulting in a change in life style.
Warning indicates an unsafe practice that could result in personal injury.
Personal injury means that the injury is of a temporary nature and that full
recovery is expected.
Caution indicates an unsafe practice that could result in damage to the product.
Note indicates a procedure, practice, or condition that must be followed in order for
the vehicle or component to function in the manner intended.
A helpful suggestion that will make it quicker and/or easier to perform a procedure,
while possibly reducing service cost.
INTRODUCTION
Page 3
Service Procedures and Tool Usage
Anyone using a service procedure or tool not recommended in this manual must first satisfy himself
thoroughly that neither his safety nor vehicle safety will be jeopardized by the service method he selects.
Individuals deviating in any manner from the instructions provided assume all risks of consequential
personal injury or damage to equipment involved.
Also note that particular service procedures may require the use of a special tool(s) designed for a
specific purpose. These special tools must be used in the manner described, whenever specified in the
instructions.
1. Before starting a vehicle, always be seated in the driver's seat, place the
transmission in neutral, apply the parking brakes, and push in the clutch
pedal. Failure to follow these instructions could produce unexpected
vehicle movement, which can result in serious personal injury or death.
2. Before working on a vehicle, place the transmission in neutral, set the
parking brakes, and block the wheels. Failure to follow these instructions
could produce unexpected vehicle movement, which can result in serious
personal injury or death.
Engine-driven components such as Power Take-Off (PTO) units, fans and fan
belts, driveshafts and other related rotating assemblies, can be very
dangerous. Do not work on or service engine-driven components unless the
engine is shut down. Always keep body parts and loose clothing out of range
of these powerful components to prevent serious personal injury. Be aware of
PTO engagement or nonengagement status. Always disengage the PTO when
not in use.
Do not work under a vehicle that is supported only by a hydraulic jack. The
hydraulic jack could fail suddenly and unexpectedly, resulting in severe
personal injury or death. Always use jackstands of adequate capacity to
support the weight of the vehicle.
Before towing the vehicle, place the transmission in neutral and lift the rear wheels
off the ground, or disconnect the driveline to avoid damage to the transmission
during towing.
REMEMBER,
SAFETY . . . IS NO ACCIDENT!
Page 4
INTRODUCTION
Mack Trucks, Inc. cannot anticipate every
possible occurrence that may involve a potential
hazard. Accidents can be avoided by recognizing
potentially hazardous situations and taking
necessary precautions. Performing service
procedures correctly is critical to technician safety
and safe, reliable vehicle operation.
The following list of general shop safety practices
can help technicians avoid potentially hazardous
situations and reduce the risk of personal injury.
DO NOT perform any services, maintenance
procedures or lubrications until this manual has
been read and understood.
Perform all service work on a flat, level
surface. Block wheels to prevent vehicle
from rolling.
DO NOT wear loose-fitting or torn clothing.
Remove any jewelry before servicing
vehicle.
ALWAYS wear safety glasses and protective
shoes. Avoid injury by being aware of sharp
corners and jagged edges.
Use hoists or jacks to lift or move heavy
objects.
NEVER run engine indoors unless exhaust
fumes are adequately vented to the outside.
Be aware of hot surfaces. Allow engine to
cool sufficiently before performing any
service or tests in the vicinity of the engine.
Keep work area clean and orderly. Clean up
any spilled oil, grease, fuel, hydraulic fluid,
etc.
Only use tools that are in good condition,
and always use accurately calibrated torque
wrenches to tighten all fasteners to specified
torques. In instances where procedures
require the use of special tools which are
designed for a specific purpose, use only in
the manner described in the instructions.
Do not store natural gas powered vehicles
indoors for an extended period of time
(overnight) without first removing the fuel.
Never smoke around a natural gas powered
vehicle.
INTRODUCTION
Page 5
EXPLANATION OF NUMERICAL
CODE
The organization of MACK service manuals has
been upgraded to standardize manual content
according to a reference system based on
component identification. The reference system
helps link the information contained in this
publication with related information included in
other MACK service-warranty publications, such
as associated service bulletins, warranty
manuals, and MACK Service Labor Time
Standards.
The system is based on a numerical code, the
first digit of which identifies the general
component grouping as listed here:
GROUP 000 GENERAL DATA
GROUP 100 CHASSIS
GROUP 200 ENGINE
GROUP 300 CLUTCH, TRANSMISSION,
TRANSFER CASE AND PTO
GROUP 400 STEERING, AXLES, WHEELS
AND TIRES, DRIVELINE
GROUP 500 BRAKES, AUXILIARY SYSTEMS
GROUP 600 CAB, TRUCK BODY
GROUP 700 ELECTRICAL
The second two digits of the three-digit code are
used to identify the system, assembly or
subassembly, as appropriate, within each of the
groupings. The codes applicable to this
publication are shown at the beginning of each
procedure, as necessary, to guide you to specific
component information.
Additionally, a two-character alpha-code (i.e.,
[GA] CASE, MAIN) may be shown with each
operation. This alpha code, in combination with
the three-digit Group number, identifies the
specific assembly, sub-assembly or part, and
directly relates to the first five positions of the
operation code listed in MACK Service Labor
Time Standards.
Example of Numerical Code
Page 6
INTRODUCTION
CONVERSION CHART
Conversion Units Multiply By:
Length Calculations
Inches (in) to Millimeters (mm) 25.40
Inches (in) to Centimeters (cm) 2.540
Feet (ft) to Centimeters (cm) 30.48
Feet (ft) to Meters (m) 0.3048
Yards (yd) to Centimeters (cm) 91.44
Yards (yd) to Meters (m) 0.9144
Miles to Kilometers (km) 1.609
Millimeters (mm) to Inches (in) 0.03937
Centimeters (cm) to Inches (in) 0.3937
Centimeters (cm) to Feet (ft) 0.0328
Centimeters (cm) to Yards (yd) 0.0109
Meters (m) to Feet (ft) 3.281
Meters (m) to Yards (yd) 1.094
Kilometers (km) to Miles 0.6214
Area Calculations
Square Inches (sq-in) to Square Millimeters (sq-mm) 645.2
Square Inches (sq-in) to Square Centimeters (sq-cm) 6.452
Square Feet (sq-ft) to Square Centimeters (sq-cm) 929.0
Square Feet (sq-ft) to Square Meters (sq-m) 0.0929
Square Yards (sq-yd) to Square Meters (sq-m) 0.8361
Square Miles (sq-miles) to Square Kilometers (sq-km) 2.590
Square Millimeters (sq-mm) to Square Inches (sq-in) 0.00155
Square Centimeters (sq-cm) to Square Inches (sq-in) 0.155
Square Centimeters (sq-cm) to Square Feet (sq-ft) 0.001076
Square Meters (sq-m) to Square Feet (sq-ft) 10.76
Square Meters (sq-m) to Square Yards (sq-yd) 1.196
Square Kilometers (sq-km) to Square Miles (sq-miles) 0.3861
Volume Calculations
Cubic Inches (cu-in) to Cubic Centimeters (cu-cm) 16.387
Cubic Inches (cu-in) to Liters (L) 0.01639
Quarts (qt) to Liters (L) 0.9464
Gallons (gal) to Liters (L) 3.7854
Cubic Yards (cu-yd) to Cubic Meters (cu-m) 0.7646
Cubic Centimeters (cu-cm) to Cubic Inches (cu-in) 0.06102
Liters (L) to Cubic Inches (cu-in) 61.024
Liters (L) to Quarts (qt) 1.0567
Liters (L) to Gallons (gal) 0.2642
Cubic Meters (cu-m) to Cubic Yards (cu-yd) 1.308
INTRODUCTION
Page 7
Weight Calculations
Ounces (oz) to Grams (g) 28.5714
Pounds (lb) to Kilograms (kg) 0.4536
Pounds (lb) to Short Tons (US tons) 0.0005
Pounds (lb) to Metric Tons (t) 0.00045
Short Tons (US tons) to Pounds (lb) 2000
Short Tons (US tons) to Kilograms (kg) 907.18486
Short Tons (US tons) to Metric Tons (t) 0.90718
Grams (g) to Ounces (oz) 0.035
Kilograms (kg) to Pounds (lb) 2.205
Kilograms (kg) to Short Tons (US tons) 0.001102
Kilograms (kg) to Metric Tons (t) 0.001
Metric Tons (t) to Pounds (lb) 2205
Metric Tons (t) to Short Tons (US tons) 1.1023
Metric Tons (t) to Kilograms (kg) 1000
Force Calculations
Ounces Force (ozf) to Newtons (N) 0.2780
Pounds Force (lbf) to Newtons (N) 4.448
Pounds Force (lbf) to Kilograms Force (kgf) 0.456
Kilograms Force (kgf) to Pounds Force (lbf) 2.2046
Kilograms Force (kgf) to Newtons (N) 9.807
Newtons (N) to Kilograms Force (kgf) 0.10196
Newtons (N) to Ounces Force (ozf) 3.597
Newtons (N) to Pounds Force (lbf) 0.2248
Torque Calculations
Pound Inches (lb-in) to Newton Meters (Nm) 0.11298
Pound Feet (lb-ft) to Newton Meters (Nm) 1.3558
Pound Feet (lb-ft) to Kilograms Force per Meter (kgfm) 0.13825
Newton Meters (Nm) to Pound Inches (lb-in) 8.851
Newton Meters (Nm) to Pound Feet (lb-ft) 0.7376
Newton Meters (Nm) to Kilograms Force per Meter (kgfm) 0.10197
Kilograms Force per Meter (kgfm) to Pound Feet (lb-ft) 7.233
Kilograms Force per Meter (kgfm) to Newton Meters (Nm) 9.807
Radiator Specific Heat Dissipation Calculations
British Thermal Unit per Hour (BTU/hr) to Kilowatt per Degree Celsius (kW/C) 0.000293
Kilowatt per Degree Celsius (kW/C) to British Thermal Unit per Hour (BTU/hr) 3414.43
Temperature Calculations
Degrees Fahrenheit (F) to Degrees Celsius (C) (F 32) x 0.556
Degrees Celsius (C) to Degrees Fahrenheit (F) (1.8 x C) + 32
Conversion Units Multiply By:
Page 8
INTRODUCTION
Pressure Calculations
Atmospheres (atm) to Bars (bar) 1.01325
Atmospheres (atm) to Kilopascals (kPa) 101.325
Bars (bar) to Atmospheres (atm) 0.98692
Bars (bar) to Kilopascals (kPa) 100
Bar (bar) to Pounds per Square Inch (psi) 14.5037
Inches of Mercury (in Hg) to Kilopascals (kPa) 3.377
Inches of Water (in H2O) to Kilopascals (kPa) 0.2491
Pounds per Square Inch (psi) to Kilopascals (kPa) 6.895
Pounds per Square Inch (psi) to Bar (bar) 0.06895
Kilopascals (kPa) to Atmospheres (atm) 0.00987
Kilopascals (kPa) to Inches of Mercury (in Hg) 0.29612
Kilopascals (kPa) to Inches of Water (in H2O) 4.01445
Kilopascals (kPa) to Pounds per Square Inch (psi) 0.145
Power Calculations
Horsepower (hp) to Kilowatts (kW) 0.74627
Kilowatts (kW) to Horsepower (hp) 1.34
Fuel Performance Calculations
Miles per Gallon (mile/gal) to Kilometers per Liter (km/L) 0.4251
Kilometers per Liter (km/L) to Miles per Gallon (mile/gal) 2.352
Velocity Calculations
Miles per Hour (mile/hr) to Kilometers per Hour (km/hr) 1.609
Kilometers per Hour (km/hr) to Miles per Hour (mile/hr) 0.6214
Volume Flow Calculations
Cubic Feet per Minute (cu-ft/min) to Liters per Minute (L/min) 28.32
Liters per Minute (L/min) to Cubic Feet per Minute (cu-ft/min) 0.03531
Conversion Units Multiply By:
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
Page 9
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
Page 10
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
TRANSMISSION IDENTIFICATION
1
Figure 1 Location of Identification Stamping on Left Side of Main Case
Unit Identification Stamping
Location
The following model code information is stamped
on the left side of the transmission, toward the
rear of the main case.
2
Figure 2 Unit Identification Stamping
1. Unit Symbol Identification
T = transmission
3 = 300 series
13/18 = useable forward speeds
L = low forward gear
R = low reverse gear
21 = 2100 lb-ft torque capacity
2. Transmission Serial No.
3. Transmission Assembly (Part) No.
* = digits may vary
4. Specific variant of the base assembly
number (variant to item No. 3)
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
Page 11
3
Figure 3 Cutaway View of T313/T318 Transmission
Page 12
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
4
Figure 4 Cutaway View of T313L/T318L Transmission
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
Page 13
5
Figure 5 Cutaway View of T313LR/T318LR Transmission
Page 14
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
6
Figure 6 Cutaway View of T313L21/T318L21 Transmission
VISUAL IDENTIFICATION
Page 15
7
Figure 7 Cutaway View of T313LR21/T318LR21 Transmission
Transmission model not shown:
T31321/T31821
Page 16
NOTES
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 17
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 18
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
DESCRIPTION AND
OPERATION
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
Transmissions
DESCRIPTION
The T313/T318 series transmissions are a
member of a new family of MACK transmissions
designated as MAXITORQUE

ES (T300) series
transmissions. These transmissions are the next
evolution of the durable triple-countershaft
transmission. New features and product
enhancements have been engineered into these
transmissions to provide a wide range of
advantages which include the following:
New and revised gear ratios for greater
overall range and versatility
Lower LOs in forward and reverse for
superior site maneuvering
Improved shift quality through the use of a
new sliding clutch with a fine-pitch tooth
design versus the coarse-pitch tooth design
of previous transmissions
Enhanced durability
Weight reduction versus the previous series
transmissions
The T313/T318 transmissions are
triple-countershaft units. They consist of a
compact main box which houses five
non-synchronized forward-speed gear sets plus a
reverse gear set. The rear case of the T313/T318
transmission is also a triple-countershaft unit.
The rear case consists of Lo-range and Hi-range
gear sets plus a splitter section.
A single gearshift lever is used to shift through a
progressive-H shift pattern. In addition, an
air-operated valve (with two selectors), mounted
on the shift lever, is used to shift both the range
gears and splitter gears in the compound. A
plate-type synchronizer is used to range shift
between the Hi-range and Lo-range gear sets.
T313 series transmission provides two reverse
speeds, while the T318 series provides three
reverse speeds. The reverse speeds are
produced by the gear sets in the main case and
by means of the Lo-range, Hi-range and splitter
gearing in the compound case.
The T318 series transmission has 18 forward
speeds produced by five forward gear sets in the
main case (Lo, first, second, third and fourth),
along with a splitter gear set and the Lo-range
and Hi-range gear sets. With the Lo-range gear
set in the compound selected, the five main case
gear sets can be split shifted to obtain 10 forward
speeds, starting with Lo gear. The main case Lo
gear is used only when the compound is in Lo
range and is not used in Hi range. To obtain eight
additional forward speeds, the Hi-range gear set
in the compound is selected and the main case
gearshift lever positions of first through fourth are
split shifted a second time, for a total of
18 forward speeds.
The T313 series transmission has 13 forward
speeds produced by the same five gear sets (Lo,
first, second, third and fourth) as the T318 series.
The T313 series, however, is not split shifted
while the compound is in the Lo-range. This
provides five forward, Lo-split, Lo-range speeds.
To obtain the remaining eight forward speeds, the
compound Hi-range gear set is selected and the
main case gearshift lever positions of first through
fourth are repeated, only this time, split shifted for
a total of 13 forward speeds. Refer to
T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shifting
Instructions on page 23 or
T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shifting
Instructions on page 24 for complete shifting
procedure information.
The main case and the bell housing of both the
13- and the 18-speed transmissions are
constructed of a one-piece casting, made from
aluminum and heat-treated for strength.
The main case also has six- and eight-bolt
openings that allow for the addition of Power
Take-Off (PTO) units. PTO operation is off the
countershaft fourth (8th) speed gear. The rear
case has six- and eight-bolt openings also, to
allow for additional PTO units. PTO operation is
off the Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 19
Provisions for Rear-Mounted Power Take-Off
(RMPTO) units are available on these
transmissions. The output speed (as a
percentage of engine speed) of the RMPTO units,
depends on which T300 transmission it is
mounted on and is fixed at that percentage,
regardless of which transmission gear is
selected. The PTO speed to engine RPM
percentage for the T313 and T318 series
transmissions are all at 70 percent.
The bearings are housed in cast-iron bearing
retainers (covers). Tapered roller bearings are
used at each end of all transmission
countershafts.
All gears are of the spur-type design and are in
constant mesh with mating gears. All shifting is
done by forks and sliding clutches. The shift rails
and forks are integral with the shift cover for the
main case.
The six countershafts, three in the main case and
three in the rear case, are equally spaced around
the mainshafts. This design distributes the load
equally among the countershafts, thus keeping
normal deflection and gear tooth loading to a
minimum.
8
Figure 8 Equal Torque Distribution
Lubrication
SPLASH LUBRICATION
All parts inside the transmission are lubricated by
a splash-and-gravity system. To minimize
churning, only the lower countershaft dips into the
lubrication oil. As the gears on that countershaft
spin, a constant spray of oil is directed to all
internal parts of the transmission. The oil cools as
it circulates over the aluminum case. Troughs and
passages, cast into the inside of the case,
capture and direct oil to the bearings.
9
Figure 9 Splash Lubrication
Page 20
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
TRANSMISSION CASE OIL COOLER LINE
PLUGS
An integral oil cooler pump system has been
developed for MACK T300 series transmissions.
The oil cooler is optional for engine ratings under
400 hp and chassis ratings under 80,000 GVW.
The oil cooler system is required when the
engine rating is equal to or exceeds 400 hp, or
the chassis rating is greater than 80,000 GVW.
On T313/T318 series transmissions that are not
built with oil cooler pump systems, the tube line
openings are plugged or capped. The main
suction tube area contains a metal plug and the
outlet fitting area receives a plastic cap.
10
Figure 10 Transmission Case Oil Cooler Line Plugs
MAGNETIC OIL FILTER
A magnetic oil filter assembly is built into the right
side of the main case. It consists of a magnetic
plug which removes ferrous metallic particles
from the passing oil. After passing the magnetic
plug, the oil is channelled upward to an outlet,
where it returns (by gravity) down into the
transmission case sump. The magnetic plug is
removable from the outside of the transmission,
without the necessity of draining the oil since this
plug is above the oil level. The drain plug at the
bottom of the case is also magnetic.
11
Figure 11 Plug Locations
1. Outlet Plastic Cap 2. Suction Tube Plug
1. Magnetic Filter Plug
2. Oil Temperature Sensor
3. Oil Drain Plug
4. Oil Fill and Level Plug
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 21
T313 Series Gear Ratios and Shift Pattern
12
Figure 12 T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shift Pattern
T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) SHIFT PATTERN
Gear Position
(Main Box) Splitter Range T313(21)Ratios
T313(L)(L21)
Ratios
T313(LR)(LR21)
Ratios
Lo Lo Lo 13.44 16.42 16.42
1 Lo Lo 8.78 8.78 8.78
2 Lo Lo 6.28 6.28 6.28
3 Lo Lo 4.52 4.52 4.52
4 Lo Lo 3.22 3.22 3.22
Range Shift
5 Lo Hi 2.29 2.29 2.29
5 Hi Hi 1.94 1.94 1.94
6 Lo Hi 1.64 1.64 1.64
6 Hi Hi 1.39 1.39 1.39
7 Lo Hi 1.18 1.18 1.18
7 Hi Hi 1.00 1.00 1.00
8 Lo Hi 0.84 0.84 0.84
8 Hi Hi 0.71 0.71 0.71
Reverse
R Lo Lo 15.91 15.91 28.98
R Lo Hi 4.15 4.15 N/A
R Hi Hi 3.52 3.52 6.41
Page 22
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
T318 Series Gear Ratios and Shift Pattern
13
Figure 13 T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shift Pattern
T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) SHIFT PATTERN
Gear Position
(Main Box) Splitter Range T318(21) Ratios
T318(L)(L21)
Ratios
T318(LR)(LR21)
Ratios
Lo Lo Lo 13.44 16.42 16.42
Lo Hi Lo 11.40 13.93 13.93
1 Lo Lo 8.78 8.78 8.78
1 Hi Lo 7.45 7.45 7.45
2 Lo Lo 6.28 6.28 6.28
2 Hi Lo 5.33 5.33 5.33
3 Lo Lo 4.52 4.52 4.52
3 Hi Lo 3.83 3.83 3.83
4 Lo Lo 3.22 3.22 3.22
4 Hi Lo 2.73 2.73 2.73
Range Shift
5 Lo Hi 2.29 2.29 2.29
5 Hi Hi 1.94 1.94 1.94
6 Lo Hi 1.64 1.64 1.64
6 Hi Hi 1.39 1.39 1.39
7 Lo Hi 1.18 1.18 1.18
7 Hi Hi 1.00 1.00 1.00
8 Lo Hi 0.84 0.84 0.84
8 Hi Hi 0.71 0.71 0.71
Reverse
R Lo Lo 15.91 15.91 28.98
R Hi Lo 13.49 13.49 24.58
R Lo Hi 4.15 4.15 N/A
R Hi Hi 3.52 3.52 6.41
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 23
T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shifting
Instructions
The shifting instructions in this Service Manual
may have been upgraded and superseded due to
Macks continuous program of testing and
evaluating to provide the best possible product.
Be sure to check the latest shifting instructions
found in the on-line Operators Handbooks
located on the Mack website at
www.macktrucks.com.
The T313 series transmission is a range and split
shifted unit which has 12 forward gears with an
extra Lo gear in the Lo range. It features an
air-operated Lo range, Hi range and splitter
section in the rear compound, controlled by a
range selector and splitter selector on the shift
lever. The Lo range provides five low ratios
(includes Lo gear). In Hi range there are eight
additional forward gears that can be obtained.
Reverse gear can be used in Lo and Hi ranges for
a total of two reverse speeds:
Lo Range Lo Split
Hi Range Hi Split
When making a split shift (from one gear to the
next gear), the splitter selector must not be
actuated, either up or down, until the main case is
in neutral. When making a split shift (in the same
gear), especially under heavy load, the splitter
will not shift until driveline torque is relieved by
depressing the clutch pedal or backing off the
throttle. An audible shift is heard (engine speed
drops approximately 200 rpm).
When making a range shift, it is important to
preselect the shift. This means that the range
selector must be moved to the next position (up
or down) before the gearshift lever is moved.
Preselect the range shift and then move the shift
lever through neutral to the desired gear position.
As the lever passes through neutral, the range
shift is automatically completed.
UPSHIFTING (NORMAL HIGHWAY)
To begin, position the shift lever in neutral and
move the range selector to the Hi position (a
mechanical interlock prevents splitter selector
movement to the Lo position). Next, select Lo split
using the splitter selector. Then select Lo range
using the range selector.
Refer to the shift pattern and move the shift lever
to the Lo speed gear (Lo range, Lo split) position.
Apply the accelerator, engage the clutch and
accelerate to governed speed. Shift up through
first, second, third and fourth speed gears,
double-clutching between the gears.
Continue shifting while in fourth gear (Lo range,
Lo split) by preselecting Hi range with the range
selector and then moving the shift lever through
neutral to the fifth gear position. As the lever
moves through neutral, the range shift to Hi will
be completed. The transmission is now in fifth
gear (Hi range, Lo split). To continue, use a
combination of splitter selector and shift lever to
shift to fifth (Hi range, Hi split), sixth (Hi range, Lo
split), sixth (Hi range, Hi split) and so on, until
eighth (Hi range, Hi split) is achieved,
double-clutching between the gears.
To upshift from Lo-split to Hi-split (in the same
gear), accelerate the engine to governed speed,
move the splitter switch to Hi (preselect), then
depress the clutch and back off the accelerator
pedal. Reapply the accelerator and engage the
clutch when the audible shift is heard, or when
the engine speed falls by approximately 200 rpm.
Depressing the clutch may not be necessary to
break the driveline torque, but this will vary with
road conditions.
To upshift from a Hi-split gear to the next higher
gear's Lo-split (in Hi-range), accelerate the
engine to governed speed, break the driveline
torque by depressing the clutch or backing off the
accelerator pedal, then move the splitter switch to
Lo and, at the same time, move shift lever
through neutral to the next higher gear. Note that
the splitter switch must not be actuated down to
the Lo position until the main box is in neutral.
Page 24
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
DOWNSHIFTING (NORMAL HIGHWAY)
Shift from eighth (Hi range, Hi split) to eighth (Hi
range, Lo split), then to seventh (Hi range, Hi
split) to seventh (Hi range, Lo split) and so on,
double-clutching between each gear until fifth (Hi
range, Lo split) is reached.
While in fifth (Hi range, Lo split), preselect Lo
range with the range selector and move the shift
lever through neutral (range shift automatically
occurs) to fourth (Lo range, Lo split). Then,
continue using only the shift lever to shift down to
third, second, first and so on.
To downshift from Hi split to Lo split (in same gear
position), as engine speed falls, move the splitter
switch to Lo split, release the accelerator and
reapply it (audible shift should be heard). To
downshift from Lo split in one gear to the next
gear Hi split, move the shift lever into neutral,
select Hi split, and move the shift lever to the next
lower gear.
Be careful not to overspeed the engine
during downshifting. Damage to powertrain
components may result.
To avoid transmission damage, do NOT
change range while moving in reverse gear.
Make sure air pressure is at least 100 psi
and unit is warmed before making range
shifts.
Always start in Lo range per shift marker
plate instructions. Never start higher than
second (Lo range, Lo split) gear, including
when dynamometer testing.
With truck stationary, do not shift into Hi
range and then move the truck. Damage to
the synchronizer can result.
T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Shifting
Instructions
The shifting instructions in this Service Manual
may have been upgraded and superseded due to
Macks continuous program of testing and
evaluating to provide the best possible product.
Be sure to check the latest shifting instructions
found in the on-line Operators Handbooks
located on the Mack website at
www.macktrucks.com.
The T318 series transmission is a range- and
split-shifted unit that has 16 forward gears with
two extra Lo gears in the Lo range (Lo split and Hi
split). It features an air-operated Lo range, Hi
range and splitter section in the rear compound,
controlled by a range selector and splitter selector
on the shift lever. The Lo range provides 10 low
ratios (includes Lo gear Lo split and Hi split). In
Hi range there are eight additional forward gears
that can be obtained. Reverse gear can be used
in Lo and Hi ranges for a total of three reverse
speeds:
Lo Range Lo Split
Hi Range Lo Split
Hi Range Hi Split
When making a split shift (from one gear to the
next gear), the splitter selector must not be
actuated, either up or down, until the main case is
in neutral. When making a split shift (in the same
gear), especially under heavy load, the splitter
will not shift until driveline torque is relieved by
depressing the clutch pedal or backing off the
throttle. An audible shift should be heard (engine
speed drops approximately 200 rpm).
When making a range shift, it is important to
preselect the shift. This means that the range
selector must be moved to the next position (up
or down) before the gearshift lever is moved.
Preselect the range shift and then move the shift
lever through neutral to the desired gear position.
As the lever passes through neutral, the range
shift is automatically completed.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 25
UPSHIFTING (NORMAL HIGHWAY)
To begin, position the shift lever in neutral and
select Lo split using the splitter selector. Then
select Lo range using the range selector.
Move the shift lever to the Lo-speed gear (Lo
range, Lo split) position. Apply the accelerator,
engage the clutch and accelerate to governed
speed. Select Hi with the splitter selector and
release the accelerator. Wait for the split shift to
complete and then reapply the accelerator. Shift
up through first (Lo range, Lo split), first (Lo
range, Hi split), second (Lo range, Lo split),
second (Lo range, Hi split) and so on, until fourth
(Lo range, Hi split) is reached. Double-clutch
between the gears.
Continue shifting while in fourth gear (Lo range,
Hi split), move the range selector to Hi
(preselect), select Lo on the splitter selector
(preselect) and then move the gear shift to fifth
(Hi range, Lo split). As the gear shift lever passes
through neutral, the range shift to Hi and the split
shift to Lo is completed. To continue, use a
combination of splitter selector and shift lever to
shift to fifth (Hi range, Hi split), sixth (Hi range, Lo
split), sixth (Hi range, Hi split) and so on, until
eighth (Hi range, Hi split) is achieved.
To upshift from Lo split to Hi split (in the same
gear), accelerate the engine to governed speed,
move the splitter switch to Hi (preselect), then
depress the clutch and back off the accelerator
pedal. Reapply the accelerator and engage the
clutch when the audible shift is heard, or when
the engine speed falls by approximately 200 rpm.
Depressing the clutch may not be necessary to
break the driveline torque, but this will vary with
road conditions.
To upshift from a Hi-split gear to the next higher
gear's Lo split (in Hi-range), accelerate the
engine to governed speed, break the driveline
torque by depressing the clutch or backing off the
accelerator pedal, then move the splitter switch to
Lo and, at the same time, move shift lever
through neutral to the next higher gear. Note that
the splitter switch must not be actuated down to
the Lo position until the main box is in neutral.
DOWNSHIFTING (NORMAL HIGHWAY)
Shift from eighth (Hi range, Hi split) to eighth (Hi
range, Lo split), then to seventh (Hi range, Hi
split) to seventh (Hi range, Lo split) and so on,
double-clutching between each gear until fifth (Hi
range, Lo split) is reached.
While in fifth (Hi range, Lo split), move the range
selector to Lo (preselect), select Hi on the splitter
selector (preselect) and then move the gear shift
to fourth (Lo range, Hi split). As the gear shift
lever passes through neutral, the range shift to Lo
and the split shift to Hi is completed. Then,
continue using the shift lever and splitter selector
as described to shift down to Lo (Lo range, Lo
split).
To downshift from Hi split to Lo split (in same gear
position), as engine speed falls, preselect Lo split,
release the accelerator and reapply it (audible
shift should be heard). To downshift from Lo split
in one gear to the next gear Hi split, move the
shift lever into neutral, select Hi split, and move
the shift lever to the next lower gear.
Be careful not to overspeed the engine
during downshifting. Damage to powertrain
components may result.
To avoid transmission damage, do NOT
change range while moving in reverse gear.
Make sure air pressure is at least 100 psi
and unit is warmed before making range
shifts.
Always start in Lo range per shift marker
plate instructions. Never start higher than
second (Lo range, Lo split) gear, including
when dynamometer testing.
With truck stationary, do not shift into Hi
range and then move the truck. Damage to
the synchronizer can result.
Page 26
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Guidelines for PTO Use
SIDE-MOUNTED PTO APPLICATION
INFORMATION
For ease of PTO operation, and transmission and
PTO reliability and durability, the recommended
choice for PTO location is on either opening of
the main case. Hydraulic pumps, product pumps,
blowers and some mechanical winches, operate
best when the PTO is located on the main case.
Properly engineered, direct-mount SAE-type
splined pump drives, which eliminate PTO shafts
and joints, should be bracket-mounted as close
as possible to the rear engine supports. This
reduces static and dynamic loads on components
and support members.
Rear compound PTO openings are available for
applications that require multi-speed capabilities,
such as some mechanical winches, or units that
require unique speeds or have multiple PTO
requirements. To prevent transmission damage
when using the rear compound PTO locations,
use the following operating procedure.
PREFERRED OPERATING PROCEDURES
FOR REAR COMPOUND-MOUNTED PTO
APPLICATIONS
ENGAGING PTO
1. Select Lo split and Lo range, using the
splitter and range selectors on the shift lever.
(The transmission MUST be in Lo range and
Lo split at all times during PTO operation.)
2. Depress the clutch pedal to disengage the
clutch.
3. Set the parking brakes.
4. Move the shift lever to the neutral position.
5. Move the dash-mounted compound neutral
control valve to the On position. This moves
the rear compound synchronizer clutch to a
neutral position.
6. Engage the PTO.
7. Move the shift lever to the desired main case
gear ratio.
8. Release the clutch pedal to engage the
clutch.
9. Operate the PTO-driven load.
DISENGAGING PTO
1. Depress the clutch pedal to disengage the
clutch.
2. Move the shift lever to the neutral position.
3. Disengage the PTO.
4. Move the dash-mounted compound neutral
control valve to the Off position. This moves
the rear compound synchronizer clutch to
the Lo range.
5. Move the shift lever to the desired main case
gear ratio.
6. Release the parking brakes.
7. Release the clutch pedal to engage the
clutch for vehicle operation, if desired.
Preferred Method for Engaging T313/T318
Series High Range Gear for Output Shaft
Driven Power Take-Off Operation
METHOD NO. 1
After positioning the vehicle for power take-off
operation, and with vehicle wheels off the ground:
1. Shift the transmission to neutral.
2. Engage power take-off drive.
3. Move range selector to Hi range.
4. Disengage engine clutch and select reverse.
5. Feather the clutch until the transmission
range clutch engagement is heard.
6. Disengage engine clutch.
7. Select thirteenth gear for T313 series or
eighteenth gear for T318 series.
8. Engage clutch when power take-off
operation is desired.
METHOD NO. 2
After positioning the vehicle for power take-off
operation, and with vehicle wheels on the ground:
1. Shift the transmission to neutral.
2. Move range selector to Hi range.
3. Disengage engine clutch and select reverse.
4. Feather the clutch until the transmission
range clutch engagement is heard.
5. Disengage engine clutch.
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 27
6. Engage power take-off drive.
7. Select thirteenth gear for T313 series or
eighteenth gear for T318 series.
8. Engage clutch when power take-off
operation is desired.
T313 Power Flow Diagrams
The following illustrations show power flow
through the T313, T313L T313LR, T31321
T313L21 or T313LR21 transmission in each gear
range (T313L shown).
14
Figure 14 Lo Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
15
Figure 15 First Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
16
Figure 16 Second Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
17
Figure 17 Third Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
18
Figure 18 Fourth Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
Page 28
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
19
Figure 19 Fifth Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
20
Figure 20 Fifth Speed (Hi Split, HI Range)
21
Figure 21 Sixth Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
22
Figure 22 Sixth Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
23
Figure 23 Seventh Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
24
Figure 24 Seventh Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 29
25
Figure 25 Eighth Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
26
Figure 26 Eighth Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
27
Figure 27 Reverse Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
28
Figure 28 Reverse Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
Page 30
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
T318 Power Flow Diagrams
The following illustrations show power flow
through the T318, T318L, T318LR, T31821,
T318L21 or T318LR21 transmission in each gear
range (T318L shown).
29
Figure 29 Lo Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
30
Figure 30 Lo Speed (Hi Split, Lo Range)
31
Figure 31 First Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
32
Figure 32 First Speed (Hi Split, Lo Range)
33
Figure 33 Second Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
34
Figure 34 Second Speed (Hi Split, Lo Range)
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 31
35
Figure 35 Third Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
36
Figure 36 Third Speed (Hi Split, Lo Range)
37
Figure 37 Fourth Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
38
Figure 38 Fourth Speed (Hi Split, Lo Range)
39
Figure 39 Fifth Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
40
Figure 40 Fifth Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
Page 32
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
41
Figure 41 Sixth Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
42
Figure 42 Sixth Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
43
Figure 43 Seventh Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
44
Figure 44 Seventh Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
45
Figure 45 Eighth Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
46
Figure 46 Eighth Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Page 33
47
Figure 47 Reverse Speed (Lo Split, Lo Range)
48
Figure 48 Reverse Speed (Lo Split, Hi Range)
49
Figure 49 Reverse Speed (Hi Split, Hi Range)
Page 34
NOTES
COMPONENT LOCATOR
Page 35
COMPONENT LOCATOR
Page 36
COMPONENT LOCATOR
TRANSMISSION MAJOR COMPONENT LOCATIONS
50
Figure 50 Major Component Locations for T313/T318 Transmission
1. Main Drive Pinion Assembly
2. Main Case Shift Cover Assembly
3. Range Shift Valve
4. Rear Case Shift Cover (Splitter)
Assembly
5. Range Shift Cylinder Assembly
6. Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
7. Rear Mainshaft and Synchronizer
Assembly
8. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
9. Rear Countershaft Assembly
10. Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover
11. Reverse Idler Gear
12. Front Countershaft Assembly
13. Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover
14. Front Mainshaft Assembly
COMPONENT LOCATOR
Page 37
51
Figure 51 Major Component Locations for T313L/T318L Transmission
1. Main Drive Pinion Assembly
2. Main Case Shift Cover Assembly
3. Range Shift Valve
4. Rear Case Shift Cover (Splitter)
Assembly
5. Range Shift Cylinder
6. Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
7. Synchronizer Assembly
8. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
9. Rear Countershaft Assembly
10. Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover
11. Reverse Idler Gear
12. Front Countershaft Assembly
13. Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover
14. Front Mainshaft Assembly
Page 38
COMPONENT LOCATOR
52
Figure 52 Major Component Locations for T313LR/T318LR Transmission
1. Main Drive Pinion Assembly
2. Main Case Shift Cover Assembly
3. Range Shift Valve
4. Rear Case Shift Cover (Splitter)
Assembly
5. Range Shift Cylinder
6. Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
7. Synchronizer Assembly
8. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
9. Rear Countershaft Assembly
10. Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover
11. Reverse Idler Gear
12. Low Reverse Gear
13. Front Countershaft Assembly
14. Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover
15. Front Mainshaft Assembly
COMPONENT LOCATOR
Page 39
53
Figure 53 Major Component Locations for T313L21/T318L21 Transmission
1. Main Drive Pinion Assembly
2. Main Case Shift Cover Assembly
3. Range Shift Valve
4. Rear Case Shift Cover (Splitter)
Assembly
5. Range Shift Cylinder
6. Rear Output Housing (Extended
Output Shaft)
7. Synchronizer Assembly
8. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
9. Rear Countershaft Assembly
10. Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover
11. Reverse Idler Gear
12. Front Countershaft Assembly
13. Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover
14. Front Mainshaft Assembly
Page 40
COMPONENT LOCATOR
54
Figure 54 Major Component Locations for T313LR21/T318LR21 Transmission
Transmission Model Not Shown:
T31321/T31821 Transmission
1. Main Drive Pinion Assembly
2. Main Case Shift Cover Assembly
3. Range Shift Valve
4. Rear Case Shift Cover (Splitter)
Assembly
5. Range Shift Cylinder
6. Rear Output Housing (Extended
Output Shaft)
7. Synchronizer Assembly
8. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
9. Rear Countershaft Assembly
10. Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover
11. Reverse Idler Gear
12. Low Reverse Gear
13. Front Countershaft Assembly
14. Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover
15. Front Mainshaft Assembly
TROUBLESHOOTING
Page 41
TROUBLESHOOTING
Page 42
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS
NOISY TRANSMISSION
Probable Cause Remedy
a. Low oil level a. Fill to correct level.
b. Wrong oil used b. Drain and refill with correct oil.
c. Mismatched carrier ratios c. Install correct matched gearing.
d. Resonating (ringing) driveshaft d. Install suitable dampening material, then high-speed
balance the driveshaft.
e. Side-mounted PTO mounted too loose or too tight e. Reinstall PTO correctly.
f. Loose bell housing to flywheel housing capscrews f. Install new capscrews using Loctite

.
g. Incorrect clutch-driven discs used g. Install correct clutch-driven discs.
h. Gears worn, chipped, rough, cracked h. Replace gears.
i. Bearings worn, cracked, corroded, galled, etc. i. Replace bearings.
j. Improperly adjusted fifth/sixth eccentric pin (SB-323-004) j. Adjust properly.
k. Driveline angles (air bags deflated) k. Correct driveline angles (allow air bags to fill).
HARD SHIFTING
Probable Cause Remedy
a. Incorrect driving practices a. Train driver in correct driving practices.
b. Low oil level b. Fill to correct level.
c. Improperly adjusted clutch, clutch linkage, clutch brake or
shift linkage
c. Adjust properly.
d. Wrong oil used d. Drain and refill with correct oil.
e. Remote shift linkage not lubricated e. Clean and lubricate.
f. Shift lever binding or interference f. Relieve binding or interference.
g. Poppet balls binding in their holes g. Clean holes and balls.
h. Loose setscrews in shifters or shift forks h. Tighten to correct torque.
i. Worn spigot bearing i. Replace bearing.
j. Clutch brake tangs broken j. Replace clutch brake.
k. Clutch discs worn into main drive pinion shaft splines k. Replace clutch discs and main drive pinion.
l. Mainshaft snap ring or thrust washer failure l. Replace snap rings or thrust washers.
m. PTO engaged m. Disengage PTO.
n. Improperly adjusted third/fourth eccentric pin
(SB-323-004)
n. Adjust properly.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Page 43
GEAR DISENGAGEMENT (JUMPING OUT OF GEAR)
Probable Cause Remedy
a. Excessive weight and/or length of gear shift lever and/or
knob
a. Replace with standard lever and/or knob.
b. Shift lever interference b. Remove interference.
c. Improperly adjusted remote control linkage c. Adjust properly.
d. Worn or loose mounting insulators d. Replace insulators.
e. Loose, broken or missing capscrews between clutch
housing and flywheel housing
e. Replace capscrews, check threads in case.
f. Weak or broken shifter rail poppet springs f. Replace springs.
g. Bent or worn shifter forks g. Replace forks.
h. Broken snap rings h. Replace snap rings.
i. Shift rail bent or poppet notches worn i. Replace shift rail.
j. Worn taper or chipped teeth on sliding clutch teeth j. Replace sliding clutch and mating gear if its clutch teeth
are damaged.
k. Worn or damaged spigot bearing k. Replace bearing.
l. Engine flywheel housing misalignment l. Realign properly.
m. Chassis resonant ride m. Correct resonance.
OIL LEAKS
Probable Cause Remedy
a. Oil level too high a. Drain to correct level.
b. Drain plug, fill plug or magnetic filter plug loose b. Tighten plugs.
c. Loose or missing capscrews c. Tighten or replace.
d. Improper lubricant used d. Drain and refill with correct oil.
e. Clogged air breather e. Clean or replace.
f. Gaskets or O-rings broken, shifted or squeezed out of
position
f. Replace gaskets or O-rings.
g. Worn oil seals g. Replace seals.
h. O-rings in air shift cylinder or cover leaking air pressure
into transmission
h. Replace O-rings.
BEARING FAILURE
Probable Cause Remedy
a. Dirt in system a. Clean system, replace bearings as needed, flush and
refill with clean lubricant.
b. Wrong grade of oil, or contaminated oil b. Clean system, replace bearings as needed, flush and
refill with clean lubricant.
c. Excessive vibrations c. Eliminate vibrations, replace bearings.
d. Binding or seized propeller shaft slip yoke d. Clean and replace as needed.
e. Improper bearing clamping e. Replace bearings and re-clamp using correct procedures.
f. Improper bearing installation (preloads, etc.) f. Replace using correct procedures.
Page 44
TROUBLESHOOTING
AIR SHIFT MALFUNCTIONS
Probable Cause Remedy
a. Low system air pressure a. Wait for pressure to build back up to normal.
b. Restricted or clogged air filter in range shift valve b. Replace air filter.
c. Restricted air line (bent, squeezed, twisted, etc.) c. Re-route and/or replace air lines.
d. Air lines too small d. Replace with correct size air lines.
e. Defective O-rings in air shift cylinder e. Replace O-rings.
f. Scored air shift cylinders or pistons f. Repair or replace cylinders or pistons.
g. Defective range shift valve and/or air shift selector valve
(on shift lever)
g. Repair or replace as needed.
h. Defective synchronizer h. Repair or replace as needed.
i. Range synchronizer friction discs worn or burned i. Replace synchronizer discs as needed.
j. Intermixed synchronizer parts j. Install matched parts.
MAINTENANCE
Page 45
MAINTENANCE
Page 46
MAINTENANCE
TRANSMISSION
MAINTENANCE
Checking Oil Level
Perform oil level check when the oil is at operating
temperature. The vehicle must be in a level
position, both front-to-rear and side-to-side.
Check the transmission oil level at the
intervals specified in the Maintenance and
Lubrication Manual (TS494).
To check the oil level in the transmission,
first remove the filler plug (2) from the right
side of the main case (Figure 55).
55
Figure 55 Oil Filler and Check Plug
The oil must be level with the bottom of the
filler plug hole as determined by feel or by
visual inspection.
Be careful not to burn your finger in hot gear
oil when checking the oil level in the
transmission.
56
Figure 56 Correct Oil Level
If oil can only be felt by reaching the finger
down into the unit, the oil level is too low.
57
Figure 57 Incorrect Oil Level
If needed, add specified make-up oil until the
oil is level with the bottom of the filler plug
hole. Do NOT overfill. Use oil of the proper
specification (refer to Transmission
Specifications and Capacities on page
237).
Reinstall and tighten the oil filler plug
(Figure 55) as follows:
1. Check that the O-ring on the plug is not
cut or damaged.
2. Install the plug and tighten to
4148 Nm (3035 lb-ft) of torque.
DO NOT exceed 48 Nm (35 lb-ft) as plug can
seize, resulting in damage to the transmission
case when attempting to remove the plug.
1. Magnetic Filter Plug (Not
for Level Check)
2. Oil Filler and Check Plug
MAINTENANCE
Page 47
Changing Oil
Preserve the environment! Drained gear oil is
classified as a hazardous toxic material which
must be recovered, handled, stored and disposed
of according to applicable State or Federal
guidelines.
CHANGE INTERVAL
Change the oil at intervals specified in the
Maintenance and Lubrication Manual
(TS494).
DRAINING OIL
Before draining oil from the transmission, the
oil should be at normal operating
temperature.
Remove the magnetic drain plug (Figure 58)
from the bottom of the transmission main
case and drain the hot oil into an
industry-approved recovery container.
Clean and replace the magnetic drain plug,
then torque plug to 3441 Nm (2530 lb-ft).
58
Figure 58 Plug Locations
OIL FILL
Remove the oil filler plug (2) (Figure 59),
then fill the transmission using specified oil
until the oil is level with the bottom of the
filler plug hole (also see Figure 56). Do NOT
overfill.
MACK-approved lubricants can be found on the
internet at www.macktrucks.com, then click on
the PARTS AND SERVICE category.
Reinstall and tighten the oil filler plug as
follows:
1. Check that the O-ring on the plug is not
cut or damaged.
2. Install the plug and tighten to
4148 Nm (3035 lb-ft) of torque.
DO NOT exceed 48 Nm (35 lb-ft) as plug can
seize, resulting in damage to the transmission
case when attempting to remove the plug.
59
Figure 59 Oil Filler and Check Plug
1. Magnetic Filter Plug
2. Oil Temperature Sensor
3. Oil Drain Plug
4. Oil Fill and Level Plug
1. Not for Oil Fill 2. Oil Filler and Check Plug
Page 48
MAINTENANCE
Be sure to add oil to the transmission through the
filler hole, NOT the magnetic filter plug hole.
Damage to the transmission and seals may occur
due to overfilling. The magnetic oil filter hole is
higher on the transmission case than the filler
hole.
Magnetic Oil Filter Plug
Remove the magnetic oil filter plug and clean the
magnet in the plug every time the oil is changed.
Reinstall the magnetic plug. Tighten the plug to
2731 Nm (2023 lb-ft) torque.
Air Breather(s)
The T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
transmissions have one air breather, located on
the main case shift cover. The air breather should
be removed and cleaned with a suitable solvent
every time the oil is changed. Also check to be
sure that airflow through the breather is
unobstructed. Reinstall breather into the main
case shift cover and tighten until snug.
The optional three-position (compound
neutralizing) range shift cylinder contains a
breather vent screen which should be cleaned
any time the main case shift cover is cleaned.
The following figure shows the breather vent
removed (1) and installed (2). Check the breather
vent for free airflow. Clean or replace as
necessary.
60
Figure 60 Shift Cylinder Breather Vent Shown
Removed (1) and Installed (2)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 49
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 50
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
TRANSMISSION
DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURES
[320]
Unless a complete overhaul is necessary, remove
only those parts required to gain access to faulty
parts. Do not disturb parts with a heavy press fit
(interference fit) unless replacement is necessary.
When replacement is necessary, use proper
press setups and pullers so that usable parts are
not damaged.
External inspection of the unit before cleaning
and disassembly often reveals information about
existing operating conditions. This may help when
diagnosing problems.
During disassembly, remember the sequence in
which components and individual parts are
removed from the transmission. It is good
practice to keep related parts together in groups
when removed. Small parts such as shims and
spacers can be wired to the larger pieces they go
with. Groups of parts can be kept together in
boxes.
Keep parts such as shim packs, bearing cones,
bearing retainers (covers), bearing cups and
gears with the original countershaft from which
they are removed. Mark each countershaft and
bearing cover before removal. Mark the upper left
front and rear countershafts and bearing covers
(viewed from rear) as number 1. Mark the upper
right front and rear countershafts and bearing
covers (viewed from rear) as number 2. Mark the
lower front and rear countershafts and bearing
covers as number 3.
1. Clean the transmission externally and mount
it in an overhaul stand. Drain the lubricant
and plug any air line openings to prevent dirt
from entering.
Lift and move the transmission with a hoist, using
the two lifting brackets provided.
2. Remove the clutch release bearing
assembly, shafts, yoke and clutch brake (if
equipped).
3. Disconnect the air lines attached to the
range shift cylinder, rear case shift cover
(splitter) and range shift valve. Air lines are
installed using a push/pull-type fitting and
are best removed using tool kit 9032-1800trk
which can be obtained through the MACK
Parts System. Disconnect the air lines using
the following procedure:
a. Select the appropriate size release tool
from kit 9032-1800trk.
b. Insert the tool over the air line and
release the lines from the fittings by
pushing in toward the fitting and at the
same time, pulling on the hose.
61
Figure 61 Removing Air Lines
4. Label the air lines for proper reassembly.
1. Air Line Removal Tool
9032-1800trk
2. Air Hose Fitting Release
Ferrule
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 51
5. Remove the range shift valve 5/32-inch Allen
screws (outer) and capscrews (inner), using
the appropriate tools.
62
Figure 62 Removing Range Shift Valve Screws (Air
Lines Removed for Clarity)
6. Remove the range shift interlock sleeve,
spring, pin and O-ring from the main case
shift cover.
63
Figure 63 Removing Range Shift Valve
7. Remove the range shift valve, dual-double
check valve, pressure switch and associated
brackets from the transmission.
8. Leave all air lines and valves connected.
Then remove the valves and air lines as an
assembly.
64
Figure 64 Removing Air Lines and Valves
9. With the transmission in neutral, remove the
main case shift cover capscrews.
65
Figure 65 Removing Main Case Shift Cover
Capscrews
1. Range Shift Valve
(Reference)
2. O-Ring
3. Interlock Sleeve
4. Interlock Spring
5. Interlock Pin
6. Main Case Shift Cover
Page 52
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
10. Remove the main case shift cover assembly
and cover gasket.
66
Figure 66 Removing Main Case Shift Cover
11. Remove the rear case shift cover
capscrews.
67
Figure 67 Removing Rear Case Shift Cover
Capscrews
12. Remove the rear case shift cover and
gasket.
To remove the drive yoke nut (extended output
shaft) or yoke (or flange), clamp plate bolt and
clamp plate (conventional output shaft), place at
least two gears in both the main case and the
rear case into engagement. This is done to lock
the transmission gearing and prevent it from
rotating while removing the yoke bolt or nut.
13. Reach through the rear case top opening
and verify that both the splitter sliding clutch
and the synchronizer assembly sliding clutch
are engaged.
14. Reach into the main case top opening and
move at least two sliding clutches into
engagement. This locks two different gears
to the mainshaft and prevents the gears and
shaft of the transmission from rotating.
15. Remove the drive yoke nut from the
extended output shaft.
68
Figure 68 Removing Drive Yoke Nut
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
16. Remove the drive yoke or drive flange
capscrew and clamp plate from the
conventional output shaft.
Effective June 2007, drive yoke clamp plate
capscrews were changed to a Scotch-Grip
torque retention method. DO NOT reuse these
fasteners, as they are one-time use only.
69
Figure 69 Removing Clamp Plate and Capscrew
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 53
17. Remove the drive yoke or drive flange, using
a suitable puller such as J 07804-A or
equivalent.
70
Figure 70 Removing Drive Yoke (T313L/T318L Shown)
18. Shift the transmission gears into neutral.
Verify that the transmission is in neutral.
19. Reach inside the rear case opening and
remove the range shift fork setscrew.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
71
Figure 71 Removing Range Shift Fork Setscrew
20. Remove the range shift cylinder capscrews.
72
Figure 72 Removing Range Shift Cylinder Capscrews
21. Remove the range shift cylinder cover and
O-ring, and set aside.
73
Figure 73 Removing Range Shift Cylinder Cover
Page 54
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
74
Figure 74 Removing Range Shift Cylinder O-Ring
22. While holding the shift fork, slide the shift
cylinder from the rear of the transmission.
To help remove the shift cylinder, use a plastic
mallet to lightly tap on the piston to loosen the
shift rail from the fork.
75
Figure 75 Removing Range Shift Cylinder
23. For transmission models with the
two-position range shift cylinder
(non-neutralizing), also remove the gasket
as shown in Figure 76.
76
Figure 76 Two-Position Shift Cylinder Gasket
24. Remove the range shift fork from the rear
case. Note the offset of the range shift fork.
Straight side of the fork faces the front;
angled side of fork faces the rear.
77
Figure 77 Shift Fork Offset
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 55
25. Position the transmission vertically, rear end
up.
26. Remove the rear output housing oil seal on
the extended output housing transmission:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21).
78
Figure 78 Removing Output Housing Oil Seal for
T313L21/T318L21 Series
27. On the extended output housing
transmissions: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21),
remove the rear output housing capscrews.
Remove the jackscrew plugs from the
housing.
79
Figure 79 Removing Extended Output Housing
Capscrews (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
28. Using jackscrews, separate the output
housing from the rear case on extended
output housing transmissions.
80
Figure 80 Separating Output Housing from Case
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
29. Remove the output housing along with the
outer bearing cone and bearing preload
collapsible spacer.
81
Figure 81 Removing Output Housing, Bearing Cone
and Spacer (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Page 56
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
30. On the conventional output shaft model
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the capscrews from the rear mainshaft
bearing cover.
82
Figure 82 Removing Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
Capscrews
31. For the conventional output shaft model
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the rear mainshaft bearing cover. Jackscrew
holes are provided to assist in removal.
83
Figure 83 Removing Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
Using Jackscrews
84
Figure 84 Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Removed
32. Remove the output housing gasket from
either the housing or the case as needed.
33. Number the front countershaft front bearing
covers and the rear countershaft bearing
covers, using a grease pencil. Write number
1 on the upper right front cover (viewed from
front), number 2 on the upper left front cover
(viewed from front) and number 3 on the
lower front cover. Write number 1 on the
upper left rear cover (viewed from rear),
number 2 on the upper right rear cover
(viewed from rear) and number 3 on the
lower rear cover.
85
Figure 85 Mark Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Covers for Placement
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 57
86
Figure 86 Mark Rear Countershaft Bearing Covers for
Placement
34. Remove all of the rear countershaft bearing
cover capscrews.
87
Figure 87 Removing Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
Capscrews
35. Remove the jackscrew plugs from the
covers.
88
Figure 88 Removing Jackscrew Plugs
Pry the plugs loose using a thin knife-edge or
similar tool. Do not cut through plugs during
removal. Save for reuse or replace if necessary.
36. Remove the rear countershaft bearing
covers, shims and O-rings. Jackscrew holes
are provided to assist removal.
89
Figure 89 Removing Bearing Cover
Page 58
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
37. Mark the rear countershafts so they can be
installed in the same position during
reassembly.
90
Figure 90 Marking Rear Countershafts
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
38. Place the transmission in a vertical position
(rear case upward), and remove the two
capscrews located inside the rear case.
When separating the rear case from the front
case, make sure the transmission is in the
vertical position. The rear countershafts are
not supported when the case is removed.
They can fall out and cause damage or
personal injury.
91
Figure 91 Removing Outer Rear Case-to-Main Case
Capscrews
39. Remove all of the remaining capscrews and
dowel bolts that hold the rear case to the
main case.
Tap dowel bolts out of the rear case using a brass
hammer or a combination of a brass hammer and
a steel hammer as long as contact is made with
the brass hammer only.
92
Figure 92 Removing Inner Rear Case-to-Main Case
Capscrews
93
Figure 93 Removing Dowel Bolts
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 59
Be sure unit is vertical, so that the
countershafts will not fall out when the case
is removed.
40. Using a hoist and chain, remove the rear
case from the main case. Only the rear case
should be lifted, not the output assembly. If
necessary, tap on the end of the output shaft
to loosen it from the case. Lift only the case,
not the compound gear set or mainshaft and
synchronizer assembly.
94
Figure 94 Removing Rear Case (T313L/T318L Shown)
41. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), using a hoist
and suitable output yoke retaining nut with
welded strap, lift and remove the
synchronizer and output shaft assembly.
95
Figure 95 Removing Mainshaft and Synchronizer
Assembly (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Page 60
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
42. On the conventional output shafted
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), use a
hoist and a threaded eye-bolt to lift and
remove the mainshaft and synchronizer
assembly from the rear case.
96
Figure 96 Removing Mainshaft and Synchronizer
Assembly (T313L/T318L Shown)
43. Remove the three compound countershafts
from the rear of the transmission.
44. If not already done, mark the rear
countershafts so that they can be installed in
the same location during installation.
Remember to mark the countershafts so they can
be installed in the same position during
reassembly. Also, notice the gear timing marks.
Countershaft gear timing should be marked in
alignment with the countershaft keyway.
97
Figure 97 Removing Compound Countershafts
(T313L/T318L Shown)
45. Remove the splitter sliding clutch from the
rear of the front mainshaft.
98
Figure 98 Removing Splitter Sliding Clutch
1. Timing Marks
1. Timing Marks
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 61
46. Remove the compound Lo-split gear snap
ring using snap ring plier set J 34629 or
suitable, internal-toothed thrust washer and
Lo-split gear from the mainshaft.
To help in removing the compound Lo-split gear
snap ring, use a pry bar to lift the front mainshaft
slightly during removal. This allows more
clearance and frees the snap ring from the snap
ring groove.
99
Figure 99 Removing Snap Ring, Thrust Washer and
Lo-Split Gear (T313L/T318L Shown)
If not already done, mark the front countershaft
rear bearing covers so they can be installed in the
same position during reassembly.
47. Remove the No. 2 (upper right) front
countershaft rear bearing cover capscrews.
48. Using jackscrews, remove the No. 2 (upper
right) front countershaft rear bearing cover.
100
Figure 100 Removing No. 2 Front Countershaft Rear
Bearing Cover (T313L/T318L Shown)
49. Remove the capscrews from the front of the
mainshaft rear bearing cover. Then remove
the cover.
101
Figure 101 Removing Mainshaft Rear Bearing Cover
Capscrews (T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Lo-Split Gear
2. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
3. Snap Ring Groove
Page 62
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
50. Remove the front mainshaft snap ring next
to the rear bearing.
102
Figure 102 Removing Rear Bearing Snap Ring
51. Remove the front mainshaft rear bearing
from the case.
103
Figure 103 Removing Front Mainshaft Rear Bearing
(T313L/T318L Shown)
52. Press the sleeve out of the mainshaft rear
bearing.
104
Figure 104 Pressing Sleeve Out of Bearing
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 63
53. Remove the front mainshaft rear bearing
spacer and spacer snap ring from the
mainshaft.
105
Figure 105 Removing Front Mainshaft Spacer and
Snap Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
54. Remove the snap ring from inside the
reverse speed gear, using suitable snap ring
pliers.
106
Figure 106 Removing Snap Ring from Inside Reverse
Speed Gear (T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Reverse Gear 2. Reverse Gear Snap Ring
Page 64
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
55. Remove the external-toothed and
internal-toothed thrust washers from inside
the reverse speed gear. Then remove the
reverse gear mainshaft snap ring, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
107
Figure 107 Removing External- and Internal-Toothed
Thrust Washers
108
Figure 108 Removing Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
and Snap Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
56. Position the transmission case horizontally.
Remove the main drive pinion bearing cover
capscrews.
109
Figure 109 Removing Pinion Bearing Cover
Capscrews
1. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
2. External-Toothed Thrust
Washer
1. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
2. Reverse Gear Snap Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 65
57. Remove the main drive pinion assembly.
Jackscrew holes are provided to assist in
removal.
58. Remove main drive pinion assembly from
the case.
110
Figure 110 Use Jackscrews to Remove Main Drive
Pinion Assembly
On transmissions built with oil cooler circulation
pumps, the oil pump discharge line must be
removed before the main drive pinion assembly
can be removed.
111
Figure 111 Oil Pump Discharge Line (if Equipped)
112
Figure 112 Removing Main Drive Pinion Assembly
59. Remove the third/fourth (7th/8th) sliding
clutch.
113
Figure 113 Removing Sliding Clutch
60. Using a soft mallet, drive the mainshaft
forward in the case to free the mainshaft
gears from the countershafts.
61. Remove the No. 2 (upper right) countershaft
from the case by lifting the front end off the
front bearing cone and then sliding the
countershaft through the opening.
Removal is easier if the transmission is in the
vertical position.
1. Oil Pump Discharge Line
Page 66
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
114
Figure 114 Removing No. 2 Countershaft from
Transmission Case
62. Remove the No. 2 (upper left) front
countershaft front bearing cover capscrews.
115
Figure 115 Removing No. 2 Front Countershaft Front
Bearing Cover Capscrews
63. Using jackscrews, remove the No. 2 (upper
left) front countershaft front bearing cover.
116
Figure 116 Removing No. 2 Front Countershaft Front
Bearing Cover
117
Figure 117 No. 2 Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover Removed
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 67
64. Using tool J 34630 or a slide hammer,
remove the upper right reverse idler shaft
(next to No. 2 countershaft location). To
prevent damage to the reverse idler gear,
catch the gear as it separates from the shaft.
118
Figure 118 Using Tool J 34630 to Remove Reverse
Idler Shaft
119
Figure 119 Removing Reverse Idler Gear and Shaft
65. Remove the No. 1 (upper left) front
countershaft rear bearing cover capscrews.
66. Remove the No. 1 (upper left) front
countershaft rear bearing cover, using
jackscrews. Remove shims with cover.
67. Using tool J 34630 or slide hammer, remove
the upper left reverse idler shaft (next to
No. 1 countershaft). To prevent damage to
the reverse idler gear, catch the gear as it
separates from the shaft.
68. From the top of the case, slide the mainshaft
reverse gear and Lo/reverse sliding clutch
forward toward the front of the transmission.
120
Figure 120 Sliding Reverse Gear and Lo/Reverse
Clutch Forward
69. Using a pry bar, move the rear end of the
No. 1 (upper left) countershaft away from the
mainshaft as far as possible without
damaging the bearing. Block the
countershaft in this position, using wadding
made from rags.
121
Figure 121 Moving and Blocking No. 1 (Upper Left)
Countershaft Away from Mainshaft
70. Tip the front end of the mainshaft outward
and remove it from the case.
Be careful when handling the mainshaft
assembly, the reverse gear is free on the shaft
and can fall off during handling.
Page 68
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
122
Figure 122 Removing the Mainshaft
71. Remove the No. 3 (lower) front countershaft
rear bearing cover capscrews.
72. Remove the No. 3 (lower) front countershaft
rear bearing cover, using jackscrews.
Remove shims with cover.
73. Using tool J 34630 or a slide hammer,
remove the lower reverse idler shaft (next to
No. 3 countershaft). To prevent damage to
the reverse idler gear, catch the gear as it
separates from the shaft.
74. Remove the No. 1 (upper left) front
countershaft by pulling and tilting the front
end of the shaft upward.
123
Figure 123 Removing No. 1 Upper Left Countershaft
75. Remove the No. 3 (lower) countershaft by
pulling and tilting the front end of the shaft
upward.
124
Figure 124 Removing No. 3 Lower Countershaft
76. Remove the remaining No. 1 (upper right,
viewed from front) and No. 3 (lower) front
countershaft front bearing cover capscrews
and bearing covers. Use jackscrews to
remove the covers.
125
Figure 125 Remaining No. 1 and No. 3 Front
Countershaft Bearing Covers
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 69
TRANSMISSION COMPONENT
DISASSEMBLY
[320]
Unless a complete overhaul is necessary, remove
only the parts that are required to repair the
assembly. Do not disturb parts that have a heavy
press fit (interference fit) unless replacement of
the part is necessary. When replacement is
necessary, use proper pullers and press setups
to prevent damage to usable parts.
Main Case Shift Cover Disassembly
[323]
126
Figure 126 Main Case Shift Cover Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
127
Figure 127 Shift Cover Assembly
Page 70
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
128
Figure 128 Exploded View of Main Case Shift Cover
1. Third/Fourth Shift Fork
2. First/Second Shift Fork
3. Lo/Reverse Shifter
4. Shifter Body Spring (Interlock)
5. Shifter Body Plunger (Interlock)
6. Lo/Reverse Shift Fork
7. Third/Fourth Shifter
8. Third/Fourth Rocker Pin
9. Washer
10. Third/Fourth Rocker Arm
11. Bushing
12. Washer
13. Interlock Pin
14. Poppet Ball
15. Poppet Ball Spring
16. Interlock Rocker Hardware
17. Interlock Sleeve and O-Ring
18. Interlock Spring
19. Third/Fourth Rocker Pin Hardware
20. Interlock Rocker
21. Interlock Rocker Bolt
22. Pipe Plug
23. Breather
24. Interlock Pin
25. Interlock Ball
26. Lo/Reverse Shift Rail
27. First/Second Shift Rail
28. Interlock Ball
29. Interlock Pin
30. Interlock Ball
31. Third/Fourth Shift Rail
32. Lo/Reverse Shifter Ball
33. Lo/Reverse Shifter Spring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 71
1. Remove the nut and washers from the
interlock rocker bolt.
129
Figure 129 Remove Nut and Washers
2. Remove the interlock rocker and bolt from
the cover.
130
Figure 130 Remove Interlock Rocker and Bolt
3. Remove the interlock ball from the cover.
131
Figure 131 Remove Interlock Ball from Cover
Page 72
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
4. Remove the setscrew from the Lo/reverse
shift fork.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
132
Figure 132 Removing Setscrew from Lo/Reverse Shift
Fork
5. Remove the setscrew from the Lo/reverse
shifter.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
133
Figure 133 Removing Setscrew from Lo/Reverse
Shifter
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 73
6. Slide the Lo/reverse shift rail to the left and
remove the interlock pin.
134
Figure 134 Sliding Lo/Reverse Shift Rail
7. Remove the Lo/reverse shift fork from the
cover.
135
Figure 135 Removing Lo/Reverse Shift Fork
Page 74
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
8. Push the Lo/reverse shift rail forward, using
a metal bar or large screwdriver. Hold a shop
towel over the top opening. The shop towel
prevents the spring and ball under the rail
from popping out and becoming lost.
Poppet balls are spring loaded and may cause
injury when released.
136
Figure 136 Pushing Lo/Reverse Shift Rail Forward
9. Remove the poppet ball and spring from the
Lo/reverse shift rail vertical pocket in line
with the rail.
A magnet is helpful in removing the poppet ball
and spring.
137
Figure 137 Removing Poppet Ball and Spring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 75
10. Remove the interlock ball from the horizontal
pocket between the Lo/reverse shift rail and
the first/second shift rail.
138
Figure 138 Removing Interlock Ball
11. Continue sliding the Lo/reverse shift rail
forward to remove the Lo/reverse shifter.
139
Figure 139 Removing Lo/Reverse Shifter
Page 76
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
12. Slide the Lo/reverse shift rail from the shift
cover and at the same time, remove the
third/fourth shift fork.
140
Figure 140 Removing Third/Fourth Shift Fork
13. Remove the setscrew from the first/second
shift fork.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
141
Figure 141 Removing Setscrew from First/Second
Shift Fork
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 77
14. Push the first/second shift rail forward using
a metal bar or large screwdriver. Hold a shop
towel over the top opening. The shop towel
prevents the spring and ball under the rail
from popping out and becoming lost.
Poppet balls are spring loaded and can cause
injury when they are released.
142
Figure 142 Pushing First/Second Shift Rail Forward
15. Remove the poppet ball and spring from the
first/second shift rail vertical pocket in line
with the rail.
A magnet is helpful in removing the poppet ball
and spring.
143
Figure 143 Removing Poppet Ball and Spring
Page 78
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
16. Remove the interlock ball from the horizontal
pocket between the first/second shift rail and
the third/fourth shift rail.
144
Figure 144 Removing Interlock Ball
17. Remove the interlock pin from the
first/second shift rail.
145
Figure 145 Removing Interlock Pin
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 79
18. Slide the first/second shift rail further forward
and remove the first/second shift fork.
146
Figure 146 Removing First/Second Shift Fork
19. Continue sliding the first/second shift rail
until it clears the cover.
147
Figure 147 Removing First/Second Shift Rail
20. Remove the setscrew from the third/fourth
shifter.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
148
Figure 148 Removing Setscrew from Third/Fourth
Shifter
Page 80
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
21. Push the third/fourth shift rail forward, using
a metal bar or large screwdriver. Hold a shop
towel over the top opening. The shop towel
prevents the spring and ball under the rail
from popping out and becoming lost.
Poppet balls are spring loaded and can cause
injury when they are released.
149
Figure 149 Pushing Third/Fourth Shift Rail Forward
22. Continue sliding the third/fourth shift rail
forward out of the shift cover. At the same
time, remove the third/fourth shifter.
150
Figure 150 Removing Third/Fourth Shifter
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 81
23. Remove the poppet ball and spring from
under the third/fourth shift rail.
A magnet is helpful in removing the poppet ball
and spring.
151
Figure 151 Removing Poppet Ball and Spring
24. Remove the poppet ball and spring and
interlock plunger and spring from the
Lo/reverse shifter.
152
Figure 152 Lo/Reverse Shifter Disassembled
25. Remove the reverse light switch from the
shift cover.
153
Figure 153 Removing Reverse Light Switch
Page 82
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
26. Remove the reverse light switch rod.
154
Figure 154 Removing Reverse Light Switch Rod
27. Remove the nut and washers from the
third/fourth rocker pin.
155
Figure 155 Loosening Third/Fourth Rocker Pin Nut
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 83
156
Figure 156 Recovering the Lock Washer, Flat Washer
and Nut
28. Remove the third/fourth rocker pin and
rocker arm.
157
Figure 157 Removing Third/Fourth Rocker Pin and
Rocker Arm
29. Remove the shift cover breather vent.
158
Figure 158 Removing Breather Vent
Page 84
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Rear Case Shift Cover Disassembly
[324]
159
Figure 159 Rear Case Shift Cover Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
160
Figure 160 Exploded View of Rear Case Shift Cover
1. Remove the setscrew that secures the shift
fork to the shift piston.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
161
Figure 161 Removing Setscrew
2. Remove the piston cover capscrews and
shift piston cover.
162
Figure 162 Removing Cover Capscrews
1. Cover O-Ring
2. Piston O-Ring
3. Splitter Shift Piston
4. Capscrew (10)
5. Rear Case Shift Cover
6. Gasket
7. Shift Fork Setscrew
8. Splitter Shift Fork
9. Capscrew (4)
10. Piston Cover
11. Shaft O-Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 85
3. Slide the shift piston out of the housing and
at the same time, remove the shift fork. Note
the orientation of the shift fork; the offset
faces forward.
163
Figure 163 Removing Piston and Shift Fork
4. Remove the piston cover O-ring from the
housing of the shift cover.
164
Figure 164 Removing Piston Cover O-Ring
5. Remove the O-ring (that seals the shaft of
the piston) from the rear of the shift piston
housing.
165
Figure 165 Removing O-Ring from Rear of Housing
6. Remove the O-ring located on the shift
piston.
166
Figure 166 Removing Piston O-Ring
Page 86
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Three-Position Range Shift Cylinder
Disassembly (Compound
Neutralizing)
[324]
167
Figure 167 Range Shift Cylinder Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
168
Figure 168 Cutaway View of Range Shift Cylinder
1. With the range shift cylinder in hand, tap the
end of the piston shift rail on a firm surface
to remove the piston assembly.
169
Figure 169 Piston Assembly Partially Removed
2. Remove the sleeve from the shift piston.
170
Figure 170 Removing Sleeve from Piston
3. Remove the shift piston and rail assembly
from the range shift cylinder.
4. Remove the O-ring from the outside front
end of the shift cylinder. Also remove the
shift rail O-ring located inside the cylinder,
using a pick or suitable tool.
1. Shift Fork
2. Rail
3. O-Ring
4. Shift Piston
5. O-Ring
6. Piston Sleeve
7. Shift Cylinder
8. O-Ring
9. Shift Cylinder Cover
10. Piston/Rail Nut
11. O-Ring
12. Cover Capscrew
13. O-Ring
14. Breather Vent
15. O-Ring
16. O-Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 87
171
Figure 171 Removing Shift Cylinder Outside O-Ring
172
Figure 172 Removing Shift Cylinder Inside O-Ring
5. Remove the O-ring from the rear of the shift
piston.
173
Figure 173 Removing O-Ring from Rear of Piston
6. Remove the front O-ring at the shift rail end
of the piston.
174
Figure 174 Removing O-Ring from Front of Piston
7. Remove the nut securing the shift piston to
the shift rail. Then separate rail and piston.
Do not clamp the shift piston or shift rail in a vise.
This can cause damage to the piston or rail,
preventing proper shifting.
To prevent damage to the shift rail or piston when
removing the nut, temporarily install the shift fork
and tighten the setscrew. This provides leverage
for loosening the nut.
175
Figure 175 Removing Shift Piston Retaining Nut
Page 88
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
8. Remove the O-ring located on the shift rail.
176
Figure 176 Removing Shift Rail O-Ring
9. Remove the O-ring from the piston sleeve.
177
Figure 177 Removing O-Ring from Sleeve
10. The following figure shows the breather vent
removed (1) and installed (2). Check the
breather vent for free airflow. Clean or
replace, if necessary.
178
Figure 178 Shift Cylinder Breather Vent Shown
Removed (1) and Installed (2)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 89
Two-Position Range Shift Cylinder
Disassembly (Compound
Non-Neutralizing)
[324]
179
Figure 179 Range Shift Cylinder Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
180
Figure 180 Range Shift Cylinder Cutaway View
1. With the range shift cylinder in hand, tap the
end of the piston shift rail on a firm surface
to begin removal of the piston/shift rail
assembly.
181
Figure 181 Piston Assembly Partially Removed
2. Continue moving the piston/shift rail out of
the cylinder housing to completely separate
the piston/shift rail from the housing.
3. Using a small screwdriver, remove the
Teflon

seal and O-ring from the shift rail


bore inside the cylinder housing.
182
Figure 182 Removing Teflon

Seal and O-Ring


Expander
1. Shift Rail Seal
2. Piston Seal
3. Shift Cylinder Wiper Ring
4. Shift Cylinder Housing
5. Housing-to-Cover O-Ring
6. Cylinder Housing Cover
7. Bolt
8. Piston/Shift Rail
Assembly
9. Gasket
Page 90
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
4. Remove the wiper ring from the piston
groove.
183
Figure 183 Removing Wiper Ring from Piston Groove
5. Using a small screwdriver, remove the
Teflon

seal and O-ring expander from the


second piston groove.
184
Figure 184 Removing Teflon

Seal and O-Ring from


Piston Grooves
Range Shift Valve
[324]
185
Figure 185 Range Shift Valve Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
186
Figure 186 Cutaway View of Range Shift Valve
Assembly
1. 4 mm Screw
2. Top Cover Seal
3. Top Cover
4. Sintered Bronze Filter
5. Silicone Rubber O-Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 91
1. Remove the four (4 mm) interlock valve top
cover screws.
187
Figure 187 Valve Top Cover Screws
2. Separate cover from valve housing and
remove sintered bronze filter and silicone
rubber O-ring.
The sintered bronze filter is the only part that is
serviceable on the range shift valve. Replace the
range shift valve as an assembly if any internal
component has failed or if the valve has become
contaminated.
188
Figure 188 Removing Sintered Bronze Filter
3. Inspect top cover gasket and replace as
necessary.
1. Sintered Bronze Filter
2. Cover
3. Valve Housing
Page 92
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Main Drive Pinion Disassembly
[322]
189
Figure 189 Main Drive Pinion Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
190
Figure 190 Exploded View of Main Drive Pinion
1. Remove the gasket from the main drive
pinion bearing cover.
191
Figure 191 Removing Gasket from Main Drive Pinion
Bearing Cover
2. Remove the spiral snap ring from the end of
the main drive pinion shaft, inside the main
drive pinion gear. Using a flat-blade
screwdriver, roll the snap ring out of the
groove and over the shoulder of the main
drive pinion.
192
Figure 192 Removing Snap Ring from Main Drive
Pinion
The action of removing the snap ring may destroy
the snap ring. Make sure a replacement snap ring
is available.
3. Remove the main drive pinion gear by lifting
it straight up.
1. Main Drive Pinion Shaft
2. Spigot Bearing
3. Snap Ring
4. Main Drive Pinion Gear
5. Spiral Snap Ring
6. Snap Ring
7. Bearing
8. Spiral Snap Ring
9. Gasket
10. Pinion Bearing Cover
11. Oil Seal
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 93
193
Figure 193 Removing Main Drive Pinion Gear
4. Remove the spigot bearing snap ring from
the main drive pinion, using suitable snap
ring pliers.
194
Figure 194 Removing Spigot Bearing Snap Ring
5. Remove the spigot bearing from inside the
end of the main drive pinion shaft.
195
Figure 195 Spigot Bearing Removed from Main Drive
Pinion Shaft
6. Remove the main drive pinion cover bearing
snap ring, using suitable snap ring pliers.
The large snap ring is very difficult to
compress and remove, and may fly off the
snap ring pliers, causing injury.
196
Figure 196 Removing Main Drive Pinion Cover
Bearing Snap Ring
7. Separate the main drive pinion shaft and
bearing assembly from the main drive pinion
bearing cover.
197
Figure 197 Removing Main Drive Pinion Shaft and
Bearing from Cover
Page 94
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
8. Remove the spiral snap ring securing the
bearing to the main drive pinion shaft. Using
a small flat-blade screwdriver, roll the spiral
snap ring out of the groove until released.
198
Figure 198 Removing Spiral Snap Ring from Main
Drive Pinion
The action of removing the spiral snap ring may
destroy the snap ring. Make sure a replacement
snap ring is available.
9. Place the main drive pinion shaft and
bearing into a suitable press and remove the
bearing.
199
Figure 199 Pressing Bearing Off Main Drive Pinion
Shaft
10. Remove the oil seal from the main drive
pinion bearing cover, using a hammer and a
blunt punch.
Removing the oil seal destroys the seal. Make
sure a replacement oil seal is available.
200
Figure 200 Removing Bearing Cover Oil Seal
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 95
Front Mainshaft Disassembly
[322]
201
Figure 201 Front Mainshaft Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
202
Figure 202 Front Mainshaft Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
The splines on the mainshaft are usually not
aligned for the whole length of the shaft. The
recommended procedure is to remove the fourth
and second speed gears, gear thrust washers
and snap rings, and first/second sliding clutch
from the front of the shaft (parts shown to the left
of the arrows). Remove the remaining reverse,
Lo- and first speed gears, plus sliding clutch and
components from the rear of the shaft (parts
shown to the right of the arrows).
203
Figure 203 View of Mainshaft and Gears
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Fourth (Eighth) Speed
Gear
2. Second (Sixth) Speed
Gear
3. First/Second Sliding
Clutch
4. First (Fifth) Speed Gear
5. Lo-Speed Gear
6. Lo/Reverse Sliding
Clutch
7. Reverse Speed Gear
8. Front Mainshaft
Page 96
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
204
Figure 204 Exploded View of Front Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring
2. Spigot Bearing Inner Race
3. Mainshaft Snap Ring
4. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
5. Fourth (Eighth) Speed Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Gear Snap Ring
8. Gear Snap Ring
9. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
10. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
11. Second (Sixth) Speed Gear
12. Mainshaft Snap Ring
13. Sliding Clutch
14. Mainshaft Snap Ring
15. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
16. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
17. Gear Snap Ring
18. First (Fifth) Speed Gear
19. Gear Snap Ring
20. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
21. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
22. Mainshaft Snap Ring
23. Lo-Speed Gear
24. Sliding Clutch
25. Mainshaft Snap Ring
26. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
27. Reverse Speed Gear
28. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
29. Gear Snap Ring
30. Front Mainshaft (T313L/T318L
Shown)
31. Mainshaft Snap Ring
32. Spacer
33. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
34. Mainshaft Rear Bearing Sleeve
35. Mainshaft Snap Ring
36. Lo-Split Gear
37. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
38. Mainshaft Snap Ring
39. Sliding Clutch
40. Spigot Bearing Inner Race:
T313T318(L)(LR) Only
41. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring: T313T318(L)(LR) Only
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 97
1. If not already done, remove the
external-toothed and internal-toothed thrust
washers. Then remove the snap ring
retaining the reverse gear to the mainshaft,
using suitable snap ring pliers (fifth snap ring
groove from the rear of the shaft).
205
Figure 205 Removing Reverse Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
2. Working at the rear, slide the reverse gear
off the mainshaft.
206
Figure 206 Removing Reverse Gear from Mainshaft
(T313L/T318L Shown)
3. Remove the Lo/reverse sliding clutch from
the mainshaft.
207
Figure 207 Removing Lo/Reverse Sliding Clutch from
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
4. Remove the snap ring retaining the
Lo-speed gear to the mainshaft, using
suitable snap ring pliers (sixth snap ring
groove from the rear of the mainshaft).
208
Figure 208 Removing Lo-Speed Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Fifth Snap Ring Groove 2. Rear of Mainshaft
1. Sixth Snap Ring Groove 2. Rear of Mainshaft
Page 98
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
5. Remove the internal- and external-toothed
thrust washers from inside the Lo-speed
gear.
209
Figure 209 Removing Internal-Toothed and
External-Toothed Thrust Washers (T313L/T318L Shown)
6. Slide Lo-speed gear from mainshaft.
210
Figure 210 Removing Lo-Speed Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
7. Using suitable snap ring pliers, remove the
snap ring from the outside groove, inside the
Lo-speed gear.
211
Figure 211 Removing Snap Ring from Inside Lo Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
8. Remove the first (fifth) speed gear from the
mainshaft. Slide the gear straight off the rear
end of the shaft.
212
Figure 212 Removing First Speed Gear from
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 99
9. Remove the first (fifth) speed gear snap ring,
using suitable snap ring pliers.
213
Figure 213 Removing First Speed Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
10. Remove the first (fifth) speed gear internal-
and external-toothed thrust washers. Then
remove the first (fifth) speed gear mainshaft
snap ring, using suitable snap ring pliers
(seventh snap ring groove from the rear of
the mainshaft).
214
Figure 214 Removing Internal- and External-Toothed
Thrust Washers and Snap Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
11. Working at the opposite end of the mainshaft
and using suitable snap ring pliers, remove
the snap ring that retains the fourth (eighth)
speed gear to the mainshaft (first snap ring
groove from the front of the mainshaft).
215
Figure 215 Removing Fourth Speed Gear Snap Ring
12. Remove the internal- and external-toothed
thrust washers at the fourth (eighth) speed
gear and remove them from the mainshaft.
216
Figure 216 Removing Internal- and External-Toothed
Thrust Washers at Fourth Speed Gear
1. Seventh Snap Ring
Groove
2. Snap Ring
3. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
4. External-Toothed Thrust
Washer
5. Rear of Mainshaft
Page 100
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
13. Remove the fourth (eighth) speed gear from
the mainshaft.
217
Figure 217 Removing Fourth Speed Gear
14. Remove the snap ring from inside the fourth
(eighth) speed gear.
218
Figure 218 Removing Snap Ring Inside Fourth Speed
Gear
15. Slide the second (sixth) speed gear from the
mainshaft.
219
Figure 219 Removing Second Speed Gear
16. Remove the snap ring from inside the
second (sixth) speed gear, using suitable
snap ring pliers.
220
Figure 220 Removing Second Speed Gear Snap Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 101
17. Remove the second (sixth) speed gear
external- and internal-toothed thrust
washers.
221
Figure 221 Removing Second Speed Gear External-
and Internal-Toothed Thrust Washers
18. Remove the second (sixth) speed gear
mainshaft snap ring, using suitable snap ring
pliers (second snap ring groove from the
front of the mainshaft).
222
Figure 222 Removing Second Speed Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
19. Remove the first/second sliding clutch from
the mainshaft. Slide straight off splines.
223
Figure 223 Removing First/Second Sliding Clutch
20. Remove the snap ring that retains the spigot
bearing inner race at the front of the
mainshaft, using suitable snap ring pliers.
224
Figure 224 Removing Front Spigot Bearing Inner
Race Snap Ring
1. Second Snap Ring
Groove
2. Front of Mainshaft
3. Snap Ring Groove
Page 102
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
21. Remove the front spigot bearing inner race,
using a suitable puller such as J 39477-1, or
equivalent.
225
Figure 225 Removing Front Spigot Bearing Inner
Race
22. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the snap ring that retains the spigot bearing
inner race at the rear of the mainshaft, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
226
Figure 226 Removing Rear Spigot Bearing Inner Race
Snap Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
23. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the rear spigot bearing inner race, using a
suitable puller such as J 39477-1, or
equivalent.
227
Figure 227 Removing Rear Spigot Bearing Inner Race
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 103
Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and
Synchronizer Disassembly
[322]
228
Figure 228 Rear Mainshaft and Synchronizer
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
229
Figure 229 Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and
Synchronizer Component Locator (T313L21/T318L21
Shown)
1. Place the rear mainshaft and synchronizer
assembly in a soft-jawed vise to secure for
disassembly purposes. Rest the Lo-range
gear on top of vise jaws and tighten on shaft.
230
Figure 230 Position Assembly in Soft Jaw Vise
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Rear Mainshaft
2. Lo-Range Gear
3. Soft Jaw Inserts
Page 104
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
2. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the smaller shaft snap ring from the front
end of the rear mainshaft.
231
Figure 231 Removing Smaller Mainshaft Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
3. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the larger gear snap ring from inside the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
232
Figure 232 Removing Larger Snap Ring in Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 105
233
Figure 233 Exploded View of: T313T318(L)(LR) Rear Mainshaft and Synchronizer Assembly
1. Snap Ring
2. Snap Ring
3. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear Bearing
4. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
5. Snap Ring
6. Snap Ring
7. Spacer (Front Synchronizer Pack)
8. Friction Disc (4)
9. Reaction Disc (4)
10. 12-Point Capscrew (3)
11. Nonthreaded Insert (3)
12. Clutch Housing
13. Support Tube
14. Synchronizer Pin
15. Sliding Clutch
16. Preload Spring Assembly
A. Inner Spring
B. Outer Spring
17. Synchronizer Pin
18. Clutch Housing
19. Threaded Insert (3)
20. Reaction Disc (4)
21. Friction Disc (4)
22. Snap Ring
23. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
24. Lo-Range Gear Snap Ring
25. Lo-Range Gear Hub
26. Spigot Bearing Snap Ring
27. Rear Mainshaft Spigot Bearing
28. Rear Mainshaft
29. Rear Bearing Snap Ring
30. Lo-Range Gear
31. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
32. Rear Bearing Cover Gasket
33. Rear Bearing Cover
34. Rear Bearing Cover Seal
Page 106
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
234
Figure 234 Exploded View of: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and Synchronizer Assembly
1. Output Shaft Snap Ring
2. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
3. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
4. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear Snap Ring
5. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
8. Output Shaft Snap Ring
9. Spacer (Front Synchronizer Pack)
10. Reaction Disc (4)
11. Friction Disc (4)
12. 12-Point Capscrew (3)
13. Nonthreaded Insert (3)
14. Clutch Housing
15. Synchronizer Pin
16. Sliding Clutch
17. Support Tube
18. Preload Spring Assembly
A. Inner Spring
B. Outer Spring
19. Synchronizer Pin
20. Clutch Housing
21. Threaded Insert (3)
22. Reaction Disc (4)
23. Friction Disc (4)
24. Snap Ring
25. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
26. Lo-Range Gear Snap Ring
27. Lo-Range Gear Hub
28. Output Shaft
29. Lo-Range Gear
30. Bearing Cone
31. Bearing Cup
32. Gasket
33. Output Housing
34. Output Housing Capscrew
35. Collapsible Spacer
36. Bearing Cup
37. Bearing Cone
38. Output Housing Oil Seal
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 107
4. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the Hi-range/Hi-split gear and ball bearing
from the synchronizer assembly. Place two
long-handled pry bars between the
synchronizer thrust plate (spacer) and
Hi-range/Hi-split gear. Apply steady
pressure on gear to overcome the slight
interference fit between shaft and ball
bearing inner race.
235
Figure 235 Removing Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear and Ball
Bearing (T313L/T318L Shown)
5. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the ball bearing from the Hi-range/Hi-split
gear, using a suitable driver and hammer.
Place gear on suitable support to allow
bearing to be driven out of front of gear.
236
Figure 236 Removing Ball Bearing from Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Bearing Driver 2. Gear Support
Page 108
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
6. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the remaining rear snap ring from inside the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
237
Figure 237 Removing Remaining Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
7. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the remaining snap ring from the front end of
the rear mainshaft.
238
Figure 238 Removing Shaft Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
8. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), remove the
snap ring from the front end of the output
shaft, using suitable snap ring pliers.
239
Figure 239 Removing Snap Ring from Front of Shaft
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
9. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), remove the
internal-toothed and external-toothed thrust
washers from the front end of the output
shaft. Note that the oil grooves of the
external-toothed thrust washer face the front
of the shaft toward the internal-toothed
thrust washer.
240
Figure 240 Removing Thrust Washers
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
1. Rear Snap Ring Groove 2. Gear Machining Relief
Grooves
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 109
10. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), remove the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
241
Figure 241 Removing Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
11. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), remove the
snap ring from inside the Hi-range/Hi-split
gear, using suitable snap ring pliers.
242
Figure 242 Removing Snap Ring from Gear
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
12. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), remove the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear and ball bearing from
the synchronizer assembly. Place two
long-handled pry bars between the
synchronizer thrust plate (spacer) and
Hi-range/Hi-split gear. Apply steady
pressure on gear to overcome the slight
interference fit between shaft and ball
bearing inner race.
243
Figure 243 Removing External-Toothed Thrust
Washer (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Page 110
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
13. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), remove the
internal-toothed thrust washer and snap ring
from the front of the synchronizer assembly.
244
Figure 244 Removing Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
and Snap Ring (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
14. Remove the spacer from the front
synchronizer disc pack.
245
Figure 245 Removing Spacer from Disc Pack
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
15. Remove the first internal-toothed friction disc
from the front synchronizer disc pack.
246
Figure 246 Removing Friction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
16. Remove the first external-toothed reaction
disc from the front synchronizer disc pack.
247
Figure 247 Removing Reaction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 111
17. Continue removing the friction and reaction
discs until all are removed.
18. Remove the synchronizer assembly from the
rear mainshaft.
248
Figure 248 Removing Synchronizer Assembly
(T313L/T318L Shown)
19. Set the synchronizer assembly aside for
later disassembly.
249
Figure 249 Synchronizer Assembly Removed
(T313L/T318L Shown)
20. Remove the first external-toothed reaction
disc from the rear synchronizer disc pack.
250
Figure 250 Removing Reaction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
21. Remove the first internal-toothed friction disc
from the rear synchronizer disc pack.
251
Figure 251 Removing Friction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
Page 112
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
22. Continue removing the friction and reaction
discs until all are removed.
23. Remove the shaft snap ring from inside the
Lo-range gear hub.
252
Figure 252 Removing Shaft Snap Ring
24. Remove the internal-toothed thrust washer
from inside the Lo-range gear hub.
253
Figure 253 Removing Hub Thrust Washer
(T313L/T318L Shown)
25. Remove the larger snap ring that secures
the Lo-range gear to the gear hub.
254
Figure 254 Removing Gear-to-Hub Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
26. Remove the Lo-range gear from the hub.
Notice that the ground surface on the gear
faces the front of the transmission.
255
Figure 255 Removing Lo-Range Gear from Hub
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 113
27. Remove the Lo-range gear hub from the rear
mainshaft.
256
Figure 256 Removing Lo-Range Gear Hub from Rear
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
28. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), position the
output shaft in a suitable press. Separate the
tapered roller bearing cone from the shaft,
using bearing separator J 8176 or
equivalent.
257
Figure 257 Separating Bearing Cone from Output
Shaft (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
29. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), remove
the spigot bearing snap ring from inside the
front end of the rear mainshaft.
258
Figure 258 Removing Spigot Bearing Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
30. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), using a
suitable bearing puller, remove the spigot
bearing from the front end of the rear
mainshaft.
259
Figure 259 Removing Spigot Bearing from Rear
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
Page 114
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
SYNCHRONIZER DISASSEMBLY
260
Figure 260 Exploded View of Synchronizer
1. Remove the 12-point screws and threaded
and nonthreaded inserts from the
synchronizer assembly.
Effective November 28, 2007, a revised fastener
was implemented into production at this
synchronizer location. These fasteners are
one-time use only and must be replaced anytime
the synchronizer assembly is disassembled.
261
Figure 261 Removing 12-Point Screws
2. Remove the clutch housing from the
assembly.
3. Remove the three support tubes and
preload springs from the synchronizer
assembly.
262
Figure 262 Remove Synchronizer Support Tubes and
Preload Springs
4. Remove the sliding clutch from the
remaining clutch housing.
As you remove the synchronizer sliding clutch
and pins, notice that the pins and the sliding
clutch are marked with the letter R, which
stands for Rear. All the R marks on either end of
the pins are placed on the same side of the
sliding clutch marked with the letter R. During
reassembly, make sure to coordinate all R marks
on both the pins and sliding clutch of the
synchronizer assembly. All R marks must face the
rear of the transmission when installed.
1. 12-Point Screw
2. Nonthreaded Insert
3. Clutch Housing
4. Synchronizer Pin
5. Sliding Clutch
6. Synchronizer Pin
7. Clutch Housing
8. Threaded Insert
9. Support Tube
10. Preload Spring
Assembly
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 115
263
Figure 263 Letter R on Sliding Clutch and
Synchronizer Pins
5. Remove the synchronizer pins from the
remaining clutch housing.
264
Figure 264 Removing Synchronizer Pins
6. Thoroughly clean the synchronizer assembly
and inspect for damage.
Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
Disassembly: T313T318(L)(LR)
[321]
265
Figure 265 Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Component
Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
266
Figure 266 Exploded View of Rear Mainshaft Bearing
Cover
1. R on Sliding Clutch,
Faces Rearward
2. R on Synchronizer Pins,
Faces Rearward
1. Bearing Cover
2. Oil Seal
3. Gasket
4. Bearing
5. Snap Ring
Page 116
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
1. Remove the gasket from the bearing cover.
Discard the cover gasket.
2. Remove the snap ring securing the bearing
in the rear mainshaft bearing cover, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
267
Figure 267 Removing Snap Ring from Rear Mainshaft
Bearing Cover
3. Remove the bearing from the rear mainshaft
bearing cover, using a suitable puller.
268
Figure 268 Removing Bearing from Bearing Cover
4. Remove the oil seal from the rear mainshaft
bearing cover, using a hammer and blunt
punch. Drive the seal out from the opposite
side. Discard the cover oil seal.
269
Figure 269 Using Hammer and Blunt Punch to
Remove Oil Seal
This action destroys the oil seal. Make sure a
replacement oil seal is readily available.
5. Thoroughly clean the rear mainshaft bearing
and bearing cover, and inspect for damage.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 117
Rear Output Housing Disassembly:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
[321]
270
Figure 270 Rear Output Housing Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
271
Figure 271 Exploded View of Rear Output Housing
1. Remove the gasket from the bearing cover.
2. Using a blunt punch and hammer, remove
the outer bearing cup from the output
housing.
272
Figure 272 Removing Bearing Cup from Housing
3. In the same manner, remove the inner
bearing from the output housing.
4. Thoroughly clean the rear output housing,
and inspect for damage.
1. Rear Output Housing
2. Outer Bearing Cup
3. Gasket
4. Inner Bearing Cup
Page 118
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover Disassembly
[321]
273
Figure 273 Front Countershaft Front Bearing Cover
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
274
Figure 274 Exploded View of Front Countershaft
Front Bearing Cover
The following procedure applies to all three front
countershaft front bearing covers.
1. Remove the O-ring from the shoulder of the
front countershaft front bearing cover.
275
Figure 275 Removing O-Ring from Shoulder of Front
Countershaft Front Bearing Cover
2. Remove the bearing cone from the front
countershaft front bearing cover, using a
suitable puller such as J 39477 with bearing
separator J 8176 or equivalent.
276
Figure 276 Removing Bearing Cone from Front
Countershaft Front Bearing Cover
3. Thoroughly clean the bearing cover and
inspect for damage.
1. O-Ring
2. Bearing Cone
3. Front Bearing Cover
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 119
Front Countershaft Disassembly
[322]
277
Figure 277 Front Countershaft Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
278
Figure 278 Exploded View of Front Countershaft
Do not attempt to press-remove the Lo speed
or reverse gears from the shaft. These gears
are integral with the shaft and could fragment
explosively when pressing action is
attempted.
The following procedure applies to all three front
countershafts.
1. Place the front countershaft on the press
table with the front of the shaft up and
suspend the main drive gear, fourth (eighth)
and second (sixth) gears using a suitable
puller or bearing separator such as J 8176
or equivalent. Press the third (seventh),
fourth (eighth) and second (sixth) gears from
the countershaft as a group.
279
Figure 279 Pressing Gears off Shaft
2. Remove the first (fifth) and second (sixth)
gear spacer by hand.
1. Bearing Cup
2. Main Drive Gear
3. Fourth Speed Gear
4. Second Speed Gear
5. Front Spacer
6. First Speed Gear
7. Bearing Cone
8. Key
9. Lo-Speed Gear (Integral
with Countershaft)
10. Reverse Gear (Integral
with Countershaft)
11. Front Countershaft
(Contains Two Integral
Gears)
1. Press Ram
2. Press Extension
3. Main Drive Gear
4. Fourth (Eighth) Gear
5. Second (Sixth) Gear
6. Bearing Separator
J 8176 or Equivalent
Page 120
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
280
Figure 280 Removing First/Second Gear Spacer
3. Reposition the countershaft on the press
table to suspend the first (fifth) gear, using a
suitable puller or bearing separator such as
J 8176 or equivalent. Apply press pressure
to the countershaft and remove gear from
shaft.
281
Figure 281 Pressing First (Fifth) Gear off Shaft
4. Pull the rear bearing cone off the rear end of
the countershaft, using a suitable knife puller
and bearing separator arrangement such as
puller J 4558-01 and bearing separator
J 22912-01 or equivalent.
282
Figure 282 Removing Rear Bearing Cone
1. Press Arbor
2. Bearing Separator
J 8176 or Equivalent
3. First (Fifth) Gear
1. Bar Type Puller
J 4558-01
2. Countershaft Tapered
Roller Bearing
3. Front Countershaft
4. Bearing Separator
J 22912-01 or Equivalent
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 121
5. Remove the key from the keyway of the front
countershaft.
283
Figure 283 Removing Key
6. Remove the bearing cup from the front
countershaft main drive gear, using a
suitable puller.
284
Figure 284 Removing Bearing Cup from Main Drive
Gear
7. Inspect the countershaft integral Lo and
reverse gears. Any damage or defects to
these gears require replacement of the
entire countershaft as the gears cannot be
removed from the shaft.
Page 122
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover Disassembly
[321]
285
Figure 285 Front Countershaft Rear Bearing Cover
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
286
Figure 286 Exploded View of Front Countershaft Rear
Bearing Cover
The following procedure applies to all three front
countershaft rear bearing covers.
1. Remove the front and rear bearing cups
from the front countershaft rear bearing
cover.
287
Figure 287 Removing Front Bearing Cup
288
Figure 288 Removing Rear Bearing Cup
2. Thoroughly clean the bearing cover and
inspect for damage. 1. Front Bearing Cup
2. Bearing Cover
3. Rear Bearing Cup
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 123
Rear Countershaft Disassembly
[322]
289
Figure 289 Rear Countershaft Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
290
Figure 290 Exploded View of Rear Countershaft
The following procedure applies to all three rear
countershafts.
Do not attempt to press the Lo-range gear off
these rear countershafts. The gear is integral
with the shaft and can explode if pressed.
1. Press the rear bearing cone off the rear
countershaft, using a bearing separator such
as J 8176 or equivalent.
291
Figure 291 Pressing off Rear Bearing Cone
2. Press the rear countershaft Lo-split gear and
the front bearing cone off the countershaft.
292
Figure 292 Pressing off Lo-Split Gear and Bearing
Cone
1. Front Bearing Cone
2. Lo-Split Gear
3. Spacer
4. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
5. Key
6. Rear Countershaft
(Lo-Range Gear Part of
Shaft)
7. Rear Bearing Cone
Page 124
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
3. Remove the spacer located between the
Lo-split gear and the Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
4. Press the Hi-range/Hi-split gear from the
countershaft. Note that the hub of the gear
faces forward.
293
Figure 293 Pressing off Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
5. Remove the key from the keyway of the rear
countershaft.
Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
Disassembly
[321]
294
Figure 294 Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
295
Figure 295 Exploded View of Rear Countershaft
Bearing Cover
The following procedure applies to all three rear
countershaft bearing covers.
1. Remove the shim(s) and O-ring from the
shoulder of the countershaft rear bearing
cover. Tag the shim(s) and record the
markings for use during assembly.
296
Figure 296 Removing Cover Shims and O-Ring
1. Bearing Cup
2. O-Ring
3. Shim(s)
4. Bearing Cover
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 125
2. Remove the bearing cup from the bearing
cover, using puller J 21834-4A or suitable
puller.
297
Figure 297 Removing Bearing Cup from Cover
3. Thoroughly clean the bearing cover and
inspect for damage.
Reverse Idler Gear Disassembly
[322]
298
Figure 298 Reverse Idler Gear Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
299
Figure 299 Exploded View of Reverse Idler Gear
Assembly
The following procedure applies to all three
reverse idler gears.
1. Press the bearing out of the reverse idler
gear, using a suitable driver.
300
Figure 300 Pressing out Reverse Idler Gear Bearing
2. Thoroughly clean the reverse idler gear and
inspect for damage.
1. Thrust Washer
2. Reverse Idler Gear
3. Bearing
4. Reverse Idler Shaft
Page 126
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
INSPECTION OF PARTS
Inspection and Cleaning
Thoroughly clean the cases, covers and all other
parts of the transmission. Remove all grease, oil
and foreign matter, using a suitable safety
solvent. Dry the parts with moisture-free
compressed air.
Bearings
[322]
Soak bearings in fresh clean solvent to loosen all
hardened grease and foreign matter, until the
bearings are clean. Blow them dry with filtered,
moisture-free compressed air.
Do not spin the bearings with compressed air.
Doing so can damage the bearings.
Inspect each bearing for flaking, cracks, fractures,
cavities, indentations, measurable wear,
brinelling, fretting, corrosion, nicking, cage wear
or deformation and other damage. If any of these
conditions are present, the bearing should be
replaced.
Apply a light coat of fresh, clean, specified gear
oil to the bearings. (Refer to Recommended SAE
Grade Gear Oil in Transmission Specifications
and Capacities on page 237.) Turn the races and
bearings slowly by hand to be sure they move
freely and are smooth. If there is resistance to
movement, or if the bearing cones or cups feel
rough, replace the bearings.
If a bearing cone or cup needs replacement, a
complete new assembly, including cup and
mating cone, is required.
Do not remove a new bearing from its packing
before time of installation. Never clean protective
grease from new bearings.
Do not handle bearings with dirty hands. Rags
must be clean and lint free.
Clean the bearings that are satisfactory for
installation. Wrap the bearings in clean, lint-free
cloth and store for assembly.
Gears
[322]
Replace all gears having teeth that show signs of
abrasive wear, scratching (except normal
manufacturing tool marks), ridging, scoring,
surface fatigue, pitting, spalling, corrosive wear,
digging in or cracking. Gears should always be
inspected using magnaflux (or similar method) for
cracks that would not otherwise be detected.
Shifter Forks, Sliding Clutches and
Shift Rails
[323]
Replace forks and/or sliding clutches when the
side clearance (A) between the fork (2) and
sliding clutch (1) groove exceeds the specified
limit (refer to TRANSMISSION
SPECIFICATIONS on page 224).
301
Figure 301 Fork and Clutch Detail
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 127
Replace shift rails if they are cracked in either the
poppet or setscrew holes. If the clearance
between the shift rail and housing (cover) bore
exceeds 0.254 mm (0.010 inch) maximum,
determine which part is worn before replacing.
Shaft wear can be checked by measuring the
shaft at an unworn location. Then measure the
shaft at the worn area and compare
measurements. When measuring a shift rail, the
reading should be an average of diameter
measurements taken at four locations. Compare
one side of the shaft to the other, ABCD as
shown in Figure 302.
302
Figure 302 Measuring Shift Rail
Oil Seals
[321]
When an overhaul is required, replace all oil
seals. Be careful to ensure that the sealing
surface of any seal is not damaged, turned back
or cut. A nick on a shaft sealing surface can cut
the seal. Remove sharp edges that can damage
the seal (chamfer edges if possible). Press seals
into housings, using smooth, even pressure to
prevent cocking the seal.
Be careful when using any abrasive polishing
methods, such as emery or crocus cloth, on a
sealing surface. It is possible to leave
microgrooves on the sealing surface. This can
cause oil to leak past the sealing lip(s) of the oil
seal. With this condition, a new seal will not stop
the oil leak.
Be careful when installing a shaft through a new
seal (or seal over shaft). Lubricate the shaft
before inserting it through the seal. Splines,
keyways and holes in a shaft can damage seals
unless care is taken. Lubricate the seal to prevent
damage during the initial start-up period, before
normal lubrication begins. Keep anti-seize and
sealing compounds away from oil seals.
If an oil seal does not have a preapplied sealant
on its outer diameter, apply an appropriate sealer
around the outside diameter to prevent leaks.
Lip-type oil seals are precision elements that
require close attention and care during
installation.
The quality of the installation method and tools
used has a direct influence on the life of the seal.
Do not use a block of wood or discarded bearing
as a substitute for the proper seal driver.
However, with some seal applications, a seal
driver may not be available. In these situations,
light tapping in a circular motion using a light,
broad-faced hammer is acceptable.
For the seal to function properly, install it squarely
with respect to the shaft center line. The seal
should be kept square within 0.254 mm
(0.010 inch) Total Indicated Runout (TIR).
Squareness of the seal to the shaft is controlled
by using the proper seal installation tools, as
shown in Figure 303 and Figure 304.
Page 128
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Press seals into housings using smooth, even
pressure to prevent cocking or distorting the seal.
Gently press the seal into place. Correct
installation depth is achieved as the driver tool
bottoms against the positioning tool, as shown.
303
Figure 303 Main Drive Pinion Oil Seal Tools
304
Figure 304 Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Oil Seal
Tools
General Inspection
Any cracked transmission case should be
replaced. Check all components for wear or
damage. Replace all parts as required. Replace
all gaskets, O-rings and any part that shows
mutilation or damage. Repair all stripped threads,
using a thread repair insert that is compatible with
patch-lock type capscrews.
General Reassembly Instructions
Refer to TRANSMISSION SPECIFICATIONS
on page 224 for torque specifications and for fits
and limits.
All working metal parts, especially the bearings,
should be coated with fresh, clean, specified gear
oil while the transmission is being reassembled.
This ensures immediate lubrication and helps
prevent parts seizure during start-up. (Refer to
Recommended SAE Grade Gear Oil in
Transmission Specifications and Capacities on
page 237.)
When installing bearings, use proper bearing
drivers. When pressing a bearing onto a shaft,
apply force to the inner race of the bearing. When
pressing a bearing into a housing (bearing cover),
apply force only to the outer race. Do not apply
force that is transmitted through the bearing
rollers, balls or cage. Damage and premature
bearing failure can result. Always apply even
pressure to the bearing to prevent it from cocking
or distorting during installation.
As moving parts are installed, check the parts
frequently to see that they are moving freely.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 129
TRANSMISSION COMPONENT
REASSEMBLY
[320]
Reverse Idler Gear Reassembly
[322]
305
Figure 305 Reverse Idler Gear Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
306
Figure 306 Exploded View of Reverse Idler Gear
Assembly
The following procedure applies to all three
reverse idler gears
1. Install a new bearing into the reverse idler
gear. Press until flush with gear surface. The
bearing must not protrude on either side of
the gear surface.
307
Figure 307 Pressing Bearing into Gear
Drawn cup needle bearings (reverse idler gear
bearings) have a specific direction that they must
be installed. The radius end of the bearing is to
be installed first. The flat end (the end with
identification markings) faces against the angled
shoulder of the pressing tool.
1. Thrust Washer
2. Reverse Idler Gear
3. Bearing
4. Reverse Idler Shaft
Page 130
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
308
Figure 308 Installation of Drawn Cup Bearings
Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
Reassembly
[321]
309
Figure 309 Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
310
Figure 310 Exploded View of Rear Countershaft
Bearing Cover
The following procedure applies to all three rear
countershaft bearing covers.
1. Press a new bearing cup into the cover,
using a suitable driver.
311
Figure 311 Pressing Bearing Cup into Cover
1. Stamped End of Bearing
2. Press Tool Leader or
Pilot
3. Reverse Idler Gear
1. Bearing Cup
2. O-Ring
3. Shim(s)
4. Bearing Cover
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 131
2. Keep the original shims and a new O-ring
with each cover for reassembly. Bearing
preload adjustments must be made before
installing shim pack and O-ring.
Rear Countershaft Reassembly
[322]
312
Figure 312 Rear Countershaft Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
313
Figure 313 Exploded View of Rear Countershaft
The following procedure applies to all three rear
countershaft assemblies.
Remember to apply the recommended oil to all
shaft and gear surfaces before pressing parts.
Do not attempt to press the Lo-range gear off
these rear countershafts. The gear is integral
with the shaft and can explode if pressed.
1. Install the key into the keyway of the rear
countershaft, using a soft-faced mallet.
314
Figure 314 Installing Key
1. Front Bearing Cone
2. Lo-Split Gear
3. Spacer
4. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
5. Key
6. Rear Countershaft
(Lo-Range Gear Part of
Shaft)
7. Rear Bearing Cone
Page 132
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
2. Press the rear countershaft Hi-range/Hi-split
gear onto the rear countershaft. Place the
gear onto the shaft, with the protruding hub
facing the front of the shaft.
During all pressing operations involving a key and
keyway, watch the key to make sure that no
material is shaved off as each gear is being
pressed on. This material can collect between the
gears and prevent proper seating.
315
Figure 315 Pressing on Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
3. Install the spacer onto the shaft.
316
Figure 316 Installing Spacer
4. Press the rear countershaft Lo-split gear
onto the shaft. Position the gear so that the
protruding hub faces the rear of the shaft.
317
Figure 317 Pressing on Lo-Split Gear
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 133
5. Press a new front bearing cone onto the
rear countershaft, using a suitable driver.
Apply force to only the inner race of the
bearing cone.
318
Figure 318 Pressing on Front Bearing Cone
6. Press a new rear bearing cone onto the rear
countershaft, using a suitable driver. Apply
force to only the inner race of the bearing
cone.
319
Figure 319 Pressing on Rear Bearing Cone
Front Countershaft Rear Bearing
Cover Reassembly
[321]
320
Figure 320 Front Countershaft Rear Bearing Cover
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
321
Figure 321 Exploded View of Front Countershaft Rear
Bearing Cover
1. Front Bearing Cup
2. Bearing Cover
3. Rear Bearing Cup
Page 134
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
The following procedure applies to all three front
countershaft rear bearing covers.
1. Press new front and rear bearing cups into
the front countershaft rear bearing cover,
using a suitable driver.
2. Set the front countershaft rear bearing cover
aside for later installation.
322
Figure 322 Pressing Front Bearing Cup into Cover
323
Figure 323 Pressing Rear Bearing Cup into Cover
Front Countershaft Reassembly
[322]
324
Figure 324 Front Countershaft Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
325
Figure 325 Exploded View of Front Countershaft
1. Bearing Cup
2. Main Drive Gear
3. Fourth Speed Gear
4. Second Speed Gear
5. Front Spacer
6. First Speed Gear
7. Bearing Cone
8. Key
9. Lo-Speed Gear (Integral
with Countershaft)
10. Reverse Gear (Integral
with Countershaft)
11. Front Countershaft
(Contains Two Integral
Gears)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 135
The following procedure applies to all three front
countershafts.
Remember to apply the recommended oil to all
shaft and gear surfaces before pressing parts
together.
Do not attempt to press-remove the Lo speed
or reverse gears from the countershaft. These
gears are integral with the shaft and could
fragment explosively when pressing action is
attempted.
1. Press a new bearing cup into the front
countershaft main drive gear, using a
suitable driver.
326
Figure 326 Pressing Bearing Cup into Main Drive
Gear
2. Install the key into the keyway of the front
countershaft, using a soft-faced mallet.
The key must be even with the front end of the
shaft.
327
Figure 327 Installing Key
3. Position the first (fifth) speed gear onto the
countershaft and align gear slot with the
previously installed key. Press the first (fifth)
speed gear on the countershaft using a
suitable press arrangement.
During all pressing operations involving a key and
keyway, watch the key to make sure that no
material is shaved off as each gear is being
pressed on. This material can collect between the
gears and prevent proper seating.
Page 136
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
When pressing the gears onto the countershaft,
the press plates must support the hub of the gear.
Do not press gears onto the countershaft with
only the outer edges of the gear supported by the
press plate.
328
Figure 328 Installing First (Fifth) Gear on
Countershaft
4. Align keyway slot in first (fifth) and second
(sixth) gear spacer and install onto the front
countershaft.
329
Figure 329 Installing First and Second Gear Spacer
1. Press Ram
2. First (Fifth) Gear
3. Front Countershaft
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 137
5. While supporting first (fifth) and second
(sixth) gear spacer, align shaft key with slot
in second (sixth) gear.
330
Figure 330 Aligning Keyway with Second (Sixth) Gear
6. While supporting gear spacer, press the
second (sixth) speed gear onto the front of
the shaft using a suitable press setup.
Continue pressing until the gear and spacer
seat against the first (fifth) gear.
331
Figure 331 Pressing Second Speed Gear onto Shaft 1. Countershaft Gear
Spacer
2. Second (Sixth) Speed
Gear
3. Gear Keyway Slot
1. Press Ram
2. First (Fifth) and Second
(Sixth) Gear Spacer
3. Second (Sixth) Speed
Gear
Page 138
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
7. Using a suitable press arrangement, align
fourth (eighth) gear slot with countershaft
key and press gear onto shaft until gear hub
is approximately 6.4 to 12.7 mm
(1/4 to 1/2 inch) from contacting the hub of
the second (sixth) speed gear.
The fourth/eighth speed gear must only be
partially installed by itself (as shown) to avoid
cracking in the circle of low-inertia holes.
332
Figure 332 Installing Fourth (Eighth) Speed Gear
8. Align the hub of the main drive gear with the
key of the countershaft and allow the
protruding hub of the gear to face the rear of
the shaft.
9. Press the main drive gear onto the shaft until
seated against the fourth (eighth) speed
gear. Continue pressing on the main drive
gear to install both the fourth (eighth) and
the main drive gears on at the same time.
This action places all of the press pressure
on the hub of the main drive gear and none
on the web of the fourth (eighth) speed gear.
Check that the main drive gear is flush with
the end of the countershaft after installation.
333
Figure 333 Pressing Main Drive Gear onto Shaft
1. Press Ram
2. Countershaft Key
3. Main Drive
(Third/Seventh) Speed
Gear
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 139
10. At this time, install a new bearing cone onto
the rear of the No. 2 countershaft only. Using
a suitable driver, apply force only to the inner
race of the bearing cone. Install the bearing
until seated against the surface of the
reverse speed gear (part of shaft). Delay
installation of the No.1 and No. 3
countershaft rear bearing cones until after
countershaft installation into the case.
334
Figure 334 Installing Rear Bearing Cone onto Shaft
Front Countershaft Front Bearing
Cover Reassembly
[321]
335
Figure 335 Front Countershaft Front Bearing Cover
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
336
Figure 336 Exploded View of Front Countershaft
Front Bearing Cover
1. O-Ring
2. Bearing Cone
3. Front Bearing Cover
Page 140
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
The following procedure applies to all three front
countershaft front bearing covers.
1. Press a new bearing cone onto the front
countershaft front bearing cover, using a
suitable driver. Apply force to the inner race
of the bearing only.
337
Figure 337 Pressing Bearing Cone onto Cover
2. Install a new O-ring onto the shoulder of the
front bearing cover.
338
Figure 338 Installing O-Ring onto Front Cover
3. Set the assembly aside for later installation.
Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
Reassembly: T313T318(L)(LR)
[321]
339
Figure 339 Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Component
Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
340
Figure 340 Exploded View of Rear Mainshaft Bearing
Cover
1. Bearing Cover
2. Oil Seal
3. Gasket
4. Bearing
5. Snap Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 141
1. Press a new oil seal into the rear mainshaft
bearing cover, using J 39854 seal driver, or
equivalent. Refer to INSPECTION OF
PARTS on page 126 for installation
instructions and seal precautions.
341
Figure 341 Pressing Oil Seal into Rear Mainshaft
Bearing Cover
342
Figure 342 Oil Seal Driver
2. Press a new bearing into the cover, using a
suitable driver. Apply force to only the outer
race of the bearing.
343
Figure 343 Pressing Bearing into Cover
3. Install the snap ring to secure the bearing in
the rear mainshaft bearing cover, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
344
Figure 344 Installing Snap Ring
Page 142
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
4. Install a new rear mainshaft bearing cover
gasket. Make sure the oil passageways in
the gasket line up with the oil passageways
in the cover.
345
Figure 345 Installing Gasket onto Cover
Rear Output Housing Reassembly:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
[322]
346
Figure 346 Rear Output Housing Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
347
Figure 347 Exploded View of Rear Output Housing
1. Drive a new inner bearing cup into the
output housing, using a suitable driver.
348
Figure 348 Driving Bearing Cup into Output Housing
2. In a similar manner, install a new outer
bearing cup into the housing.
1. Rear Output Housing
2. Outer Bearing Cup
3. Gasket
4. Inner Bearing Cup
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 143
3. Obtain the output shaft. Using a suitable
driver, press a new inner bearing cone onto
the shaft until seated against the shoulder of
the shaft. Apply force to the inner race only.
349
Figure 349 Pressing Bearing onto Output Shaft
4. Position the output housing over the output
shaft until the inner bearing cup is seated on
the inner bearing cone.
350
Figure 350 Positioning Output Housing Over Shaft
5. Install a new collapsible spacer onto the
output shaft.
351
Figure 351 Installing Spacer
6. Position the outer bearing cone over the
output shaft as far as it will go without
pressing.
352
Figure 352 Positioning Bearing Cone
Page 144
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
7. Lubricate all bearing cups and cones with
the recommended gear oil, in preparation for
the following bearing preload adjustment
procedure.
8. Position the output housing assembly in a
hydraulic press.
Setting Rear Output Housing Bearing
Preload With Collapsible Spacer
The following procedure may require more than
one attempt to achieve the required bearing
preload. Make sure to have extra new collapsible
spacers on hand.
9. For the collapsible-type spacer, wrap several
turns of cord around the pilot area of the
output housing and attach a spring tension
scale, such as J 8129 or equivalent, to the
cord. Refer to Figure 353.
10. Begin pressing the bearing cone over the
shaft while moving the housing up and
down. Watch press gauge pressure during
this procedure. Stop pressing immediately
when all end play is removed. Gauge
pressure will begin to climb when this
occurs.
11. While maintaining crush load, use the spring
tension scale and test for the amount of
bearing preload resistance required to rotate
the housing. Maintain a steady pull on the
housing while reading the scale.
353
Figure 353 Setup for Bearing Preload Adjustment
Using Collapsible Spacer
12. Increase crush load slowly until rolling
torque of 1.55 pounds of resistance is
achieved, then stop! If rolling torque exceeds
5 pounds of resistance, the collapsible
spacer has been crushed too far and must
be removed. Replace with a new spacer and
repeat the procedure until desired rolling
torque is achieved.
13. Set output shaft aside with the associated
synchronizer assembly components for later
reassembly.
14. Place the output housing, spacer and outer
bearing on a clean work surface for later
transmission reassembly.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 145
Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and
Synchronizer Reassembly
[322]
354
Figure 354 Rear Mainshaft and Synchronizer
Component Locator (T313L/T318L Shown)
355
Figure 355 Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and
Synchronizer Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
SYNCHRONIZER REASSEMBLY
356
Figure 356 Exploded View of Synchronizer
1. 12-Point Screw
2. Nonthreaded Insert
3. Clutch Housing
4. Synchronizer Pin
5. Sliding Clutch
6. Synchronizer Pin
7. Clutch Housing
8. Threaded Insert
9. Support Tube
10. Preload Spring
Assembly
Page 146
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
357
Figure 357 Exploded View of: T313T318(L)(LR) Rear Mainshaft and Synchronizer Assembly
1. Snap Ring
2. Snap Ring
3. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear Bearing
4. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
5. Snap Ring
6. Snap Ring
7. Spacer (Front Synchronizer Pack)
8. Friction Disc (4)
9. Reaction Disc (4)
10. 12-Point Capscrew (3)
11. Nonthreaded Insert (3)
12. Clutch Housing
13. Support Tube
14. Synchronizer Pin
15. Sliding Clutch
16. Preload Spring Assembly
A. Inner Spring
B. Outer Spring
17. Synchronizer Pin
18. Clutch Housing
19. Threaded Insert (3)
20. Reaction Disc (4)
21. Friction Disc (4)
22. Snap Ring
23. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
24. Lo-Range Gear Snap Ring
25. Lo-Range Gear Hub
26. Spigot Bearing Snap Ring
27. Rear Mainshaft Spigot Bearing
28. Rear Mainshaft
29. Rear Bearing Snap Ring
30. Lo-Range Gear
31. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
32. Rear Bearing Cover Gasket
33. Rear Bearing Cover
34. Rear Bearing Cover Seal
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 147
358
Figure 358 Exploded View of: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) Rear Mainshaft (Output Shaft) and Synchronizer Assembly
1. Output Shaft Snap Ring
2. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
3. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
4. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear Snap Ring
5. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
8. Output Shaft Snap Ring
9. Spacer (Front Synchronizer Pack)
10. Reaction Disc (4)
11. Friction Disc (4)
12. Twelve-Point Capscrew (3)
13. Nonthreaded Insert (3)
14. Clutch Housing
15. Synchronizer Pin
16. Sliding Clutch
17. Support Tube
18. Preload Spring
19. Synchronizer Pin
20. Clutch Housing
21. Threaded Insert (3)
22. Reaction Disc (4)
23. Friction Disc (4)
24. Output Shaft Snap Ring
25. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
26. Lo-Range Gear Snap Ring
27. Lo-Range Gear Hub
28. Output Shaft
29. Lo-Range Gear
30. Bearing Cone
31. Bearing Cup
32. Gasket
33. Output Housing
34. Output Housing Capscrew
35. Collapsible Spacer
36. Bearing Cup
37. Bearing Cone
38. Output Housing Oil Seal
Page 148
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
1. Install the synchronizer pins into one of the
two identical synchronizer clutch housings.
Install the pins with the marked letter R
facing up. Alternate pin heads as shown in
the following figure.
As you install the pins, notice that the pins and
the sliding clutch are marked with the letter R,
which stands for Rear. All the R marks on either
end of the pins are placed on the same side of
the sliding clutch marked with the letter R. During
reassembly, make sure to coordinate all R marks
on both the pins and sliding clutch of the
synchronizer assembly. All R marks must face the
rear of the transmission when installed.
359
Figure 359 Synchronizer Pins and Sliding Clutch
Temporarily Assembled to Show R Marks
360
Figure 360 Installing Synchronizer Pins
2. The three synchronizer preload springs are
made up of two pieces. Make sure that the
preload springs are assembled with
smooth-sided inner portion of the spring,
inside the notched (detent) outer portion of
the spring.
361
Figure 361 Assembling Preload Springs
3. Position the synchronizer sliding clutch on
the bench with the marked letter R facing
up. Install the three preload springs into the
sliding clutch holes provided. The smaller
holes are ramped and found halfway
between the three largest holes.
362
Figure 362 Installing Preload Springs into Sliding
Clutch
1. R on Sliding Clutch,
Faces Rearward
2. R on Synchronizer Pins,
Faces Rearward
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 149
4. Install the sliding clutch (with preload
springs) over the synchronizer clutch
housing and pins. Make sure the marked
letter R on the clutch is facing in the same
direction as the R marked on the pins.
363
Figure 363 Synchronizer Pins and Sliding Clutch
Showing R Marks (Preload Springs Removed for
Clarity)
With this sliding clutch design, it is very important
to make sure that the clutch is facing in the
correct direction when installed. This is due to the
differing number of clutch teeth on the Lo-range
and Hi-range sides of the range clutch. The
Lo-range side contains 21 clutching teeth and the
Hi-range side contains 22 clutching teeth.
Incorrectly installing the sliding clutch prevents
proper shifting.
5. Install the three support tubes into the
synchronizer assembly.
364
Figure 364 Install Support Tubes into Assembly
6. Install the remaining synchronizer housing
over the pins, tubes and springs. Align the
housing with the pin heads.
7. Install the three 12-point screws, plus
threaded and nonthreaded inserts into the
largest holes of the synchronizer assembly.
Effective November 28, 2007, a revised fastener
was implemented into production at this
synchronizer location. These fasteners are
one-time use only and must be replaced anytime
the synchronizer assembly is disassembled.
365
Figure 365 Installing 12-Point Screws and Inserts
1. R on Sliding Clutch,
Faces Rearward
2. R on Synchronizer Pins,
Faces Rearward
Page 150
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
8. Tighten the three 12-point screws to
specification, using a suitable hex wrench to
hold the threaded inserts.
366
Figure 366 Tightening 12-Point Screws
9. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), if not
previously done, press a new inner bearing
cone onto the output shaft. Seat the bearing
against the shoulder of the shaft, using a
suitable driver. Apply force to the inner race
only.
367
Figure 367 Pressing Bearing onto Output Shaft
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
10. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), press a
new spigot bearing into the front of the rear
mainshaft.
Drawn cup needle bearings (spigot bearings)
have a specific direction in which they must be
installed. The radius end of the bearing must be
installed first. The flat end (the end with
identification markings) faces against the angled
shoulder of the pressing tool.
368
Figure 368 Installing Spigot Bearing
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 151
369
Figure 369 Installation of Drawn Cup Bearings
(T313L/T318L Shown)
11. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
snap ring into the front end of the rear
mainshaft to retain the spigot bearing.
370
Figure 370 Installing Spigot Bearing Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
12. Install the Lo-range gear hub onto the rear
mainshaft.
Make sure that the oil holes in the Lo-range gear
hub are open and free to channel oil to the
synchronizer discs.
371
Figure 371 Installing Lo-Range Gear Hub
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Stamped End of Bearing
2. Press Tool Leader or
Pilot
3. Rear Mainshaft
Page 152
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
13. Install the Lo-range gear over the hub.
Notice that the ground surface on the gear
faces the front of the transmission.
372
Figure 372 Installing Lo-Range Gear
14. Install the larger snap ring that secures the
Lo-range gear to the gear hub.
373
Figure 373 Installing Lo-Range Gear-to-Hub Snap
Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
15. Install the internal-toothed thrust washer into
the Lo-range gear hub.
374
Figure 374 Installing Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
(T313L/T318L Shown)
16. Install the Lo-range gear hub shaft snap ring
into the groove of the rear mainshaft just
above the previously installed
internal-toothed thrust washer.
375
Figure 375 Installing Lo-Range Gear Hub Shaft Snap
Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 153
17. Lubricate all synchronizer friction and
reaction discs, using the recommended
lubricant.
Before and during installation, make sure to
lubricate all synchronizer assembly friction and
reaction discs and associated parts (gear and
gear hub) using the recommended lubricant. This
prevents premature wear to individual parts of the
assembly during initial transmission start-up.
18. Install the first internal-toothed friction disc
into the Lo-range gear, and then install the
first external-toothed reaction disc onto the
friction disc just installed.
376
Figure 376 Installing Friction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
377
Figure 377 Installing Reaction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
19. Continue alternately installing the remaining
friction and steel reaction discs until four of
each have been installed. Make sure to
lubricate each friction and reaction disc with
specified gear oil during installation. The last
disc installed should be an external-toothed
steel reaction disc.
20. Align the tangs (external teeth) of the steel
reaction discs and then install the
synchronizer assembly over the rear
mainshaft (output shaft). Engage the slots of
the synchronizer clutch housing with the
tangs of all four reaction discs.
Make sure that the synchronizer assembly is
installed with the R markings on the clutch and
pins, facing the rear of the mainshaft against the
discs just installed.
Rotating the synchronizer assembly back and
forth during installation helps the assembly to
align with the external teeth of the steel reaction
discs.
378
Figure 378 Installing Synchronizer Assembly
(T313L/T318L Shown)
Page 154
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
21. Install an external-toothed steel reaction disc
onto the front synchronizer disc housing,
aligning the external teeth. Lubricate the
disc with the specified gear oil during
installation.
379
Figure 379 Installing Reaction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
22. Install an internal-toothed friction disc onto
the steel reaction disc just installed. Make
sure to lubricate both sides of the disc with
the specified gear oil during installation.
380
Figure 380 Installing Friction Disc
(T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 155
23. Continue alternately installing the remaining
friction and steel reaction discs until four of
each have been installed. Make sure to
lubricate each friction and reaction disc with
the specified gear oil during installation. The
last disc installed should be an
internal-toothed friction disc.
24. Install the synchronizer disc pack spacer
onto the synchronizer friction disc just
installed. Lubricate the spacer with the
specified gear oil during installation
381
Figure 381 Installing Spacer (T313L/T318L Shown)
25. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
shaft snap ring into the second groove from
the front end of the rear mainshaft.
382
Figure 382 Installing Shaft Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
26. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
larger gear snap ring into the second from
rear groove of the Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
There are four grooves on the inside of the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear. The two outer grooves are
relief grooves and are not to be used to retain
snap rings. To properly retain the current design
ball bearing, use only the two inner snap ring
grooves.
Page 156
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
383
Figure 383 Installing Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
27. For the conventional output shaft
transmission: T313T318(L)(LR), align the
internal teeth of the friction discs and spacer.
Then, install the Hi-range/Hi-split gear into
the synchronizer assembly (smaller
diameter of gear slips into disc splines).
384
Figure 384 Installing Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear into
Synchronizer (T313L/T318L Shown)
28. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), insert a
new ball bearing into the Hi-range/Hi-split
gear, over the front of the shaft.
385
Figure 385 Inserting Ball Bearing
(T313L/T318L Shown)
29. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), using a
suitable driver and hammer, seat the ball
bearing into the gear against the gear and
shaft snap rings previously installed.
386
Figure 386 Installing Ball Bearing
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Rear Snap Ring Groove 2. Gear Machining Relief
Grooves
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 157
30. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
shaft snap ring into the front groove of the
rear mainshaft, against the inner race of the
ball bearing.
387
Figure 387 Installing Shaft Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
31. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
remaining gear snap ring into the second
(forward) groove from the front of the gear.
388
Figure 388 Installing Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
32. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the snap
ring onto the output shaft. Then, install the
internal-toothed thrust washer over the
output shaft and against the snap ring.
389
Figure 389 Installing Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
33. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the
external-toothed thrust washer onto the front
of the output shaft. Note that the oil grooves
of the external-toothed thrust washer face
rearward toward the internal-toothed thrust
washer.
390
Figure 390 Installing External-Toothed Thrust Washer
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Page 158
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
34. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the snap
ring inside the Hi-range/Hi-split gear, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
391
Figure 391 Installing Snap Ring into Gear
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
35. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear over the end of the
output shaft.
392
Figure 392 Installing Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
36. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the
external-toothed and internal-toothed thrust
washers over the front end of the output
shaft. Note that the oil grooves of the
external-toothed thrust washer face the front
of the shaft toward the internal-toothed
thrust washer.
393
Figure 393 Installing Thrust Washers
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
37. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the
remaining snap ring onto the front end of the
output shaft, using suitable snap ring pliers.
394
Figure 394 Installing Snap Ring onto Front of Shaft
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 159
38. Paint three sets of corresponding timing
marks on the teeth of both the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear and the Lo-range
gear.
Paint two teeth on either side of every
10th space on the Hi-range/Hi-split
gear.
Paint two teeth on either side of every
18th space on the Lo-range gear.
395
Figure 395 Painting Timing Marks on Gears
Front Mainshaft Reassembly
[322]
396
Figure 396 Front Mainshaft Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
397
Figure 397 Front Mainshaft Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Page 160
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
The splines on the front mainshaft are usually not
aligned for the entire length of the shaft. The
recommended procedure is to install the
first/second sliding clutch, second (sixth) and
fourth (eighth) speed gears, gear thrust washers
and snap rings onto the front of the shaft. Install
the remaining reverse gear, Lo/reverse sliding
clutch, Lo-speed gear, first (fifth) speed gear,
thrust washers and snap rings onto the rear of the
shaft.
398
Figure 398 View of Mainshaft and Gears (T313L/T318L
Shown)
1. Fourth (Eighth) Speed
Gear
2. Second (Sixth) Speed
Gear
3. First/Second Sliding
Clutch
4. First (Fifth) Speed Gear
5. Lo-Speed Gear
6. Lo/Reverse Sliding
Clutch
7. Reverse Speed Gear
8. Front Mainshaft
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 161
399
Figure 399 Exploded View of Front Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring
2. Spigot Bearing Inner Race
3. Mainshaft Snap Ring
4. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
5. Fourth (Eighth) Speed Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Gear Snap Ring
8. Gear Snap Ring
9. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
10. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
11. Second (Sixth) Speed Gear
12. Mainshaft Snap Ring
13. Sliding Clutch
14. Mainshaft Snap Ring
15. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
16. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
17. Gear Snap Ring
18. First (Fifth) Speed Gear
19. Gear Snap Ring
20. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
21. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
22. Mainshaft Snap Ring
23. Lo-Speed Gear
24. Sliding Clutch
25. Mainshaft Snap Ring
26. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
27. Reverse Speed Gear
28. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
29. Mainshaft Snap Ring
30. Front Mainshaft
(T313L/T318L Shown)
31. Mainshaft Snap Ring
32. Spacer
33. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
34. Mainshaft Rear Bearing Sleeve
35. Mainshaft Snap Ring
36. Lo-Split Gear
37. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
38. Mainshaft Snap Ring
39. Sliding Clutch
40. Spigot Bearing Inner Race:
T313T318(L)(LR) Only
41. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring: T313T318(L)(LR) Only
Page 162
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
1. Install a new spigot bearing inner race onto
the front of the mainshaft, using a suitable
driver and hammer.
400
Figure 400 Installing Spigot Bearing Inner Race
2. Install the inner race snap ring, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
401
Figure 401 Installing Inner Race Snap Ring
3. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install a
new spigot bearing inner race onto the rear
of the front mainshaft. Use a suitable driver
and press, if necessary. Install the retaining
snap ring.
402
Figure 402 Installing Spigot Bearing Inner Race
(T313L/T318L Shown)
403
Figure 403 Installing Inner Race Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
4. Working at the front of the mainshaft, install
the first (fifth) speed gear mainshaft snap
ring into the third snap ring groove of the
shaft.
404
Figure 404 Installing First Speed Gear Snap Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 163
5. Install the first/second sliding clutch onto the
mainshaft.
405
Figure 405 Installing First/Second Sliding Clutch onto
Mainshaft
6. Install the second (sixth) speed gear
mainshaft snap ring into the second snap
ring groove from the front of the shaft.
406
Figure 406 Installing Second Speed Gear Mainshaft
Snap Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
7. Install the second (sixth) speed gear
internal-toothed and external-toothed thrust
washers onto the mainshaft against the
previously installed snap ring.
407
Figure 407 Installing Internal-Toothed and
External-Toothed Thrust Washers
8. Install the snap ring into the snap ring
groove of the second (sixth) speed gear,
using suitable snap ring pliers.
408
Figure 408 Installing Snap Ring into Second Speed
Gear
1. Second Snap Ring
Groove
2. Front of Mainshaft
3. Snap Ring Groove
Page 164
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
9. Install the second (sixth) speed gear onto
the mainshaft, with the clutch teeth facing
rearward and the snap ring facing forward.
409
Figure 409 Installing Second Speed Gear onto
Mainshaft
10. Install the snap ring into the snap ring
groove of the fourth (eighth) speed gear,
farthest away from the clutch teeth, using
suitable snap ring pliers.
410
Figure 410 Installing Snap Ring into Fourth Speed
Gear
11. Install the fourth (eighth) speed gear onto
the mainshaft with the clutch teeth facing
forward and the snap ring facing rearward.
411
Figure 411 Installing Fourth Speed Gear
12. Install the fourth (eighth) speed gear
external-toothed and internal-toothed thrust
washers. Place the oil groove side of the
external-toothed thrust washer facing
forward (toward the internal-toothed thrust
washer).
412
Figure 412 Installing Internal- and External-Toothed
Thrust Washers
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 165
13. Install the fourth (eighth) speed gear snap
ring onto the mainshaft, inside the fourth
speed gear.
413
Figure 413 Installing Fourth Speed Gear Snap Ring
14. Working at the rear of the mainshaft, install
the first (fifth) speed gear internal-toothed
and external-toothed thrust washers. Slide
them forward against the previously installed
snap ring. The oil grooves of the
external-toothed thrust washer face forward
toward the internal-toothed thrust washer.
414
Figure 414 Installing Internal- and External-Toothed
Thrust Washers (T313L/T318L Shown)
15. Install the snap ring into the snap ring
groove of the first (fifth) speed gear, farthest
from the clutch teeth.
415
Figure 415 Installing Snap Ring into First Speed Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
16. Install the first (fifth) speed gear onto the
mainshaft with the clutch teeth facing the
front of the shaft.
416
Figure 416 Installing First Speed Gear onto Mainshaft
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Seventh Snap Ring
Groove
2. Snap Ring
3. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
4. External-Toothed Thrust
Washer
5. Rear of Mainshaft
Page 166
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
17. Install the snap ring into the groove of the
Lo-speed gear, farthest away from the clutch
teeth.
417
Figure 417 Installing Snap Ring into Lo-Speed Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
18. Install the Lo-speed gear onto the mainshaft
with clutch teeth facing rearward.
418
Figure 418 Installing Lo-Speed Gear
(T313L/T318L Shown)
19. Install the Lo-speed gear external-toothed
and internal-toothed thrust washers onto the
mainshaft. Make sure the oil groove side of
the external-toothed thrust washer faces
rearward.
419
Figure 419 Installing Internal- and External-Toothed
Thrust Washers (T313L/T318L Shown)
20. Install the snap ring for the Lo-speed gear
onto the mainshaft.
420
Figure 420 Installing Internal- and External-Toothed
Thrust Washers (T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Sixth Snap Ring Groove 2. Rear of Mainshaft
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 167
21. Install the Lo/reverse sliding clutch onto the
mainshaft.
421
Figure 421 Installing Lo/Reverse Sliding Clutch onto
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
22. Install the reverse speed gear onto the
mainshaft with clutch teeth facing the sliding
clutch.
The reverse speed gear thrust washers and
remaining snap ring will be installed after the
mainshaft has been installed into the case, during
transmission reassembly.
422
Figure 422 Installing Reverse Speed Gear onto
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
23. Install the snap ring retaining the reverse
gear to the mainshaft, using suitable snap
ring pliers. Install snap ring into the fifth snap
ring groove from the rear of the shaft.
423
Figure 423 Installing Reverse Speed Gear Snap Ring
onto Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
24. To make it easier to install the mainshaft into
the main case:
Slide the Lo/reverse sliding clutch
forward until it engages the Lo-speed
gear.
Slide the reverse speed gear over the
Lo/reverse sliding clutch until fully
engaged.
1. Fifth Snap Ring Groove 2. Rear of Mainshaft
Page 168
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
The following parts will be reinstalled during
transmission reassembly:
Internal-toothed thrust washer (26)
External-toothed thrust washer (28)
Reverse speed gear snap ring (29)
424
Figure 424 Moving Sliding Clutch and Reverse Speed
Gear Forward (T313L/T318L Shown)
Main Drive Pinion Reassembly
[322]
425
Figure 425 Main Drive Pinion Component Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
426
Figure 426 Exploded View of Main Drive Pinion
1. Main Drive Pinion Shaft
2. Spigot Bearing
3. Snap Ring
4. Main Drive Pinion Gear
5. Spiral Snap Ring
6. Snap Ring
7. Bearing
8. Spiral Snap Ring
9. Gasket
10. Pinion Bearing Cover
11. Oil Seal
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 169
1. Press a new ball bearing onto the main drive
pinion shaft. Support the inner race of the
bearing while pressing.
427
Figure 427 Installing Main Drive Pinion Bearing
2. To retain the ball bearing, install the spiral
snap ring. To do this, use a circular motion
while pressing the snap ring tightly into the
groove on the shaft.
428
Figure 428 Installing Spiral Snap Ring
3. Position a new oil seal in the main drive
pinion bearing cover.
429
Figure 429 Positioning Bearing Cover Oil Seal
4. Install the oil seal into the front of the main
drive pinion bearing cover. Refer to Oil
Seals on page 127 for installation
instructions and seal precautions.
430
Figure 430 Installing Bearing Cover Oil Seal
1. Press
2. Spacer Tube
3. Driver
4. Main Drive Pinion Shaft
5. Sleeve
6. Bearing
Page 170
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
5. Press the main drive pinion shaft and
bearing assembly into the main drive pinion
bearing cover.
431
Figure 431 Installing Main Drive Pinion Assembly into
Drive Pinion Bearing Cover
6. Install the main drive pinion bearing snap
ring, using suitable snap ring pliers.
The large snap ring is very difficult to
compress and may fly off the snap ring pliers,
causing injury.
One side of the large snap ring is bevelled and
faces out. The flat side of the snap ring goes
against the bearing.
432
Figure 432 Installing Snap Ring into Main Drive Pinion
Bearing Cover
7. Install a new spigot bearing into the end of
the main drive pinion shaft by hand. Then,
install the retaining snap ring.
Drawn cup needle bearings (spigot bearings)
have a specific direction in which they must be
installed. The radius end of the bearing must be
installed first. The flat end of the bearing faces
out.
433
Figure 433 Installing Spigot Bearing and Snap Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 171
8. Install the main drive pinion gear onto the
pinion shaft. Install the spiral snap ring,
using a circular motion while pressing the
snap ring tightly into the groove on the shaft.
434
Figure 434 Installing Main Drive Pinion Gear and
Spiral Snap Ring
9. Install a new bearing cover gasket, using
sealant between the gasket and cover. Make
sure the oil passage hole and capscrew
holes in the gasket align with the cover
holes.
435
Figure 435 Installing Main Drive Pinion Bearing Cover
Gasket
Range Shift Valve
[324]
436
Figure 436 Range Shift Valve Component Locator
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
437
Figure 437 Cutaway View of Range Shift Valve
Assembly
1. 4 mm Screw
2. Top Cover Seal
3. Top Cover
4. Sintered Bronze Filter
5. Silicone Rubber O-Ring
Page 172
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
1. Install a new filter O-ring and bronze filter
into the filter bore of the housing. Set the
filter on top of the O-ring.
Lightly lubricate the O-ring before installation.
Overlubricating the O-ring may cause filter
restriction. Make sure to properly seat the O-ring.
438
Figure 438 Installing O-Ring and Filter
2. Position a new top cover seal (if required)
into the groove of the top cover. Lightly
lubricate the seal before installation, and
make sure all portions of the seal are
properly seated in the grooves.
439
Figure 439 Installing Top Cover Seal
3. Install the top cover over the range shift
valve body. Install cover screws and tighten
the screws to the specified torque.
440
Figure 440 Installing Top Cover
4. Set the assembly aside for later installation
onto the main case shift cover.
1. Sintered Bronze Filter
2. Valve Housing
3. Filter O-Ring
1. Housing Top Cover
2. Top Cover Seal
3. Valve Housing
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 173
Two-Position Range Shift Cylinder
Reassembly (Compound
Non-Neutralizing)
[324]
441
Figure 441 Range Shift Cylinder Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
442
Figure 442 Cutaway View of Range Shift Cylinder
1. Install a new O-ring into the groove in the
shift rail bore.
2. Form the Teflon

seal into a kidney shape as


shown in Figure 443.
443
Figure 443 Forming Teflon

Seal
3. With the nose of the range shift cylinder
Teflon

seal inserter (tool No. J 47357)


retracted, place the seal in the nose the tool
and then push the fold outward to make it sit
as flat as possible in the nose.
444
Figure 444 Inserting Teflon

Seal in Nose of Insertion


Tool (Tool No. J 47357)
1. Shift Rail Seal
2. Piston Seal
3. Shift Cylinder Wiper Ring
4. Shift Cylinder Housing
5. Housing-to-Cover O-Ring
6. Cylinder Housing Cover
7. Bolt
8. Piston/Shift Rail
Assembly
9. Gasket
Page 174
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
4. Position the nose of the seal inserter in the
cylinder housing shift rail bore.
445
Figure 445 Positioning Tool in Shift Rail Bore
5. Press the plunger down to fully extend the
nose. This positions the seal inside the shift
rail bore over the O-ring.
446
Figure 446 Installing Teflon

Seal
6. Remove the tool and then push on the seal
with your finger to make sure it is seated
against the O-ring. Also, push on the V fold
of the seal to make sure it is seated, and to
remove some of the fold.
447
Figure 447 Seal Properly Installed in Shift Rail Bore
7. Align the relief of the range shift cylinder
Teflon

seal installer/sizer (tool No. J 47358)


with the V fold of the seal, and then gently
insert the tool into the bore. DO NOT twist
the tool as it is being installed.
448
Figure 448 Inserting Teflon

Seal Installer/Sizer
(Tool No. J 47358)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 175
Using a piece of crocus cloth to polish and
remove any sharp edges from the installer/sizer
tool will ensure that the seal will not be damaged
as it is being installed.
8. Continue gently pushing the tool into the
bore until the flat end of the tool is flush with
the inside bottom of the cylinder.
Examine the seal as the tool is being pushed into
place. If the seal moves out of position on the
O-ring, or if the fold or a portion of the fold
becomes kinked, immediately remove the tool
and reseat the seal against the O-ring before
reattempting to use the tool to seat the seal.
449
Figure 449 Installer/Sizer Tool Fully Inserted and End
Flush with Bottom of Cylinder
9. After the tool has been fully inserted, leave
the tool in place while the remaining cylinder
rebuild procedures are performed. This
allows the Teflon

seal to form to the


circumference of the shift rail bore.
10. On the shift piston, install a new O-ring into
the lower (wide) piston groove.
450
Figure 450 Installing O-Ring in Second/Lower Groove
on Piston
11. Carefully install the Teflon

seal over the


O-ring. Work the seal over the O-ring by
hand as much as possible. Once the seal is
in position, slide a small screwdriver under
the section of the seal that is not in position,
and pry the seal into position.
Be sure the screwdriver does not have any sharp
edges on the blade or nicks on the shank. DO
NOT over-stretch the Teflon

seal, and make


sure that the seal lips seat over each side of the
O-ring.
451
Figure 451 Installing Teflon

Seal
Page 176
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Do not over-stretch the Teflon

seal. Be sure that


the seal lips seat over each side of the O-ring.
12. Install the wiper ring into the upper (thin)
piston groove.
452
Figure 452 Installing Wiper Ring in Upper (Thin)
Piston Groove
13. Place the range shift piston seal sizer/piston
installer (tool No. J 47359) flange-side (pilot
end) down on a clean flat surface.
453
Figure 453 Piston Assembled in Seal Sizer/Piston
Installer (Tool No. J 47359)
14. Slide the piston into the tool until it bottoms
on the flat surface.
454
Figure 454 Inserting Range Shift Piston into Seal
Sizer/Piston Installer (Tool No. J 47359)
It is recommended that the piston assembly be
allowed to remain in the seal sizer/piston installer
tool for approximately 15 minutes before
proceeding with the final assembly. This will
properly size the O-ring and seal to the piston,
and make final installation easier.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 177
15. Using a piece of crocus cloth, polish the end
of the shift rail and around the setscrew hole
to remove any sharp edges or burrs. This
will prevent damaging the seal as the piston
assembly is installed into the cylinder. Be
sure to clean any debris from the shift rail
after polishing with the crocus cloth.
455
Figure 455 Polishing Shift Rail and Setscrew Hole
with Crocus Cloth
16. Remove the piston assembly from the seal
sizer/piston installer tool.
17. Carefully clamp the range shift cylinder
assembly in a vise. DO NOT remove the
range shift cylinder Teflon

seal
installer/sizer from the cylinder assembly.
The tool will be pushed from the shift rail
bore as the piston assembly is being
installed. Place the range shift piston seal
sizer/piston installer with the flanged-side
(pilot end) on the cylinder housing.
456
Figure 456 Placing Seal Sizer/Piston Installer
(Tool No. J 47359) on Cylinder Housing
18. Align the shift fork locking bolt hole in the
shift rail with the air line fitting port in the
cylinder housing.
457
Figure 457 Aligning Shift Fork Locking Bolt Hole with
Air Fitting Port in Cylinder Housing
Page 178
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
19. Carefully push the piston assembly through
the installation tool until it seats inside the
cylinder housing bore. Be sure to catch the
range shift Teflon

seal installer/sizer as it is
being pushed from the shift rail bore.
458
Figure 458 Installing Piston into Range Shift Cylinder
Housing
Three-Position Range Shift Cylinder
Reassembly (Compound
Neutralizing)
[324]
459
Figure 459 Range Shift Cylinder Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
460
Figure 460 Cutaway View of Range Shift Cylinder
The nut securing the piston to the rail is tightened
to a torque of 102142 Nm (75105 lb-ft).
1. Shift Fork
2. Rail
3. O-Ring
4. Shift Piston
5. O-Ring
6. Piston Sleeve
7. Shift Cylinder
8. O-Ring
9. Shift Cylinder Cover
10. Piston/Rail Nut
11. O-Ring
12. Cover Capscrew
13. O-Ring
14. Breather Vent
15. O-Ring
16. O-Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 179
1. The following figure shows the breather vent
removed (1) and installed (2). Check the
breather vent for free airflow. Clean or
replace, if necessary.
461
Figure 461 Shift Cylinder Breather Vent
Before installation, lightly lubricate all O-rings for
the range shift cylinder piston, sleeve and rail with
a multipurpose grease that meets MACK
specification MG-C.
2. Install a new O-ring onto the piston sleeve.
462
Figure 462 Installing Piston Sleeve O-Ring
3. Install a new small O-ring located on the
shift rail.
463
Figure 463 Installing Shift Rail O-Ring
4. Insert the rail into the piston and install and
tighten the shift rail nut to 102142 Nm
(75105 lb-ft) torque.
Do not clamp the shift piston or shift rail in a vise.
This can cause damage to the piston or rail,
preventing proper shifting.
To prevent damage to the shift rail or piston when
removing the nut, temporarily install the shift fork
and tighten the setscrew. This provides leverage
for tightening the nut. Remove the shift fork for
later installation.
Page 180
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
464
Figure 464 Tightening Shift Piston Retaining Nut
5. Install a new front O-ring at the shift rail end
of the piston.
465
Figure 465 Installing Shift Piston Front O-Ring
6. Install a new O-ring onto the rear of the shift
piston.
466
Figure 466 Installing Shift Piston Rear O-Ring
7. Install a new outside O-ring onto the front of
the shift cylinder (shift cylinder-to-case
O-ring). Also install the shift rail O-ring
located inside the cylinder.
467
Figure 467 Installing Shift Cylinder Outside O-Ring
468
Figure 468 Installing Shift Cylinder Inside O-Ring
8. Install the shift piston and rail assembly into
the range shift cylinder.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 181
9. Install the sleeve onto the rear end of the
shift piston. To ease installation, lubricate
the inside diameter of the sleeve with MG-C
specification grease. Do not overlubricate.
Too much grease can clog the breather vent.
469
Figure 469 Installing Sleeve onto Shift Piston
10. Push the piston assembly into the cylinder.
470
Figure 470 Pushing Piston Assembly into Cylinder
11. Set aside the range shift cylinder assembly,
the shift cylinder cover, capscrews and new
cover O-ring, for later installation into the
rear compound case.
Rear Case Shift Cover Reassembly
[324]
471
Figure 471 Rear Case Shift Cover Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
472
Figure 472 Exploded View of Rear Case Shift Cover
1. Cover O-Ring
2. Piston O-Ring
3. Splitter Shift Piston
4. Capscrew (10)
5. Rear Case Shift Cover
6. Gasket
7. Shift Fork Setscrew
8. Splitter Shift Fork
9. Capscrew (4)
10. Piston Cover
11. Shaft O-Ring
Page 182
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Lubricate the shift cover O-rings with a
multipurpose grease meeting MACK specification
MG-C, during installation.
1. Install a new O-ring onto the shift piston.
473
Figure 473 Installing Shift Piston O-Ring
2. Install a new O-ring into the rear of the shift
piston housing. This seals the shaft of the
piston.
474
Figure 474 Installing O-Ring into Rear of Housing
3. Install a new piston cover O-ring onto the
front of the housing.
475
Figure 475 Installing O-Ring onto Front of Housing
4. Install the piston into the housing and at the
same time, install the shift fork. Note the
orientation of the shift fork; the offset faces
forward.
476
Figure 476 Installing Piston and Shift Fork
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 183
5. Align the shift fork setscrew with the
setscrew hole in the shaft of the piston.
Tighten the setscrew to the specified torque.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
477
Figure 477 Tightening Shift Fork Setscrew
6. Install the piston cover and capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews to the specified
torque.
478
Figure 478 Installing Piston Cover and Capscrews
Page 184
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Main Case Shift Cover Reassembly
[323]
479
Figure 479 Main Case Shift Cover Locator
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Install the shift cover breather vent into the
cover.
480
Figure 480 Installing Breather Vent
2. Install the third/fourth rocker pin and rocker
arm. Be sure to position the washer, bushing
and washer on the rocker pin as illustrated.
The bottom washer is positioned between
the rocker arm and main case shift cover.
481
Figure 481 Installing Third/Fourth Rocker Pin and
Rocker Arm
Occasionally, due to assembly tolerances,
particularly in units which have been operated,
the current production rocker pivot pin will not
center the fourth/fifth clutch sufficiently to prevent
clutch tooth contact when the fourth/fifth shift rail
is in neutral. For transmissions with a history of
clutch tooth contact, the noncurrent eccentric
pivot pin, which is available for service, should be
installed and adjusted per instructions found in
Figure 577.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 185
482
Figure 482 Exploded View of Main Case Shift Cover
1. Third/Fourth Shift Fork
2. First/Second Shift Fork
3. Lo/Reverse Shifter
4. Shifter Body Spring (Interlock)
5. Shifter Body Plunger (Interlock)
6. Lo/Reverse Shift Fork
7. Third/Fourth Shifter
8. Third/Fourth Rocker Pin
9. Washer
10. Third/Fourth Rocker Arm
11. Bushing
12. Washer
13. Interlock Pin
14. Poppet Ball
15. Poppet Ball Spring
16. Interlock Rocker Hardware
17. Interlock Sleeve and O-Ring
18. Interlock Spring
19. Third/Fourth Rocker Pin Hardware
20. Interlock Rocker
21. Interlock Rocker Bolt
22. Pipe Plug
23. Breather
24. Interlock Pin
25. Interlock Ball
26. Lo/Reverse Shift Rail
27. First/Second Shift Rail
28. Interlock Ball
29. Interlock Pin
30. Interlock Ball
31. Third/Fourth Shift Rail
32. Lo/Reverse Shifter Ball
33. Lo/Reverse Shifter Spring
Page 186
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
3. Install the third/fourth pin lock washer, flat
washer and nut. Tighten nut to the specified
torque.
483
Figure 483 Installing Washers and Nut
484
Figure 484 Tightening Nut
4. Install the reverse light switch rod into the
shift cover.
485
Figure 485 Installing Reverse Light Switch Rod
5. Install the reverse light switch into the shift
cover.
486
Figure 486 Installing Reverse Light Switch
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 187
6. Install the poppet ball and spring for the
third/fourth shift rail.
487
Figure 487 Installing Poppet Ball and Spring
7. Slide the third/fourth shift rail into the cover.
At the same time, install the third/fourth
shifter onto the shift rail.
488
Figure 488 Installing Shift Rail and Shifter
Page 188
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
8. Press the poppet ball down while sliding the
third/fourth shift rail over the ball. A hollow
tube works well to press down the ball.
489
Figure 489 Pushing Poppet Ball Down
9. Align the setscrew in the third/fourth shifter
with the notch in the shift rail. Tighten the
setscrew to the specified torque.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
490
Figure 490 Tightening Setscrew
10. Slide the first/second shift rail into the shift
cover. At the same time, install the
first/second shift fork onto the shift rail.
491
Figure 491 Installing First/Second Shift Rail
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 189
492
Figure 492 Installing First/Second Shift Fork
11. Install the interlock pin into the first/second
shift rail.
493
Figure 493 Installing Pin into First/Second Shift Rail
Page 190
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
12. Install the interlock ball between the
first/second shift rail and the third/fourth shift
rail.
494
Figure 494 Installing Interlock Ball Between Rails
13. Install the poppet ball and spring for the
first/second shift rail.
495
Figure 495 Installing Poppet Ball and Spring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 191
14. Press the poppet ball down while sliding the
first/second shift rail over the ball. A hollow
tube works well to press down the ball.
496
Figure 496 Pressing Poppet Ball Down
15. Align the setscrew in the first/second shift
fork with the notch in the shift rail. Tighten
the setscrew to the torque.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
497
Figure 497 Tightening Setscrew
Page 192
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
16. Slide the Lo/reverse shift rail into the shift
cover. At the same time, install the
third/fourth shift fork onto the shift rail.
498
Figure 498 Installing Third/Fourth Shift Fork
17. Install the poppet ball and spring into the
Lo/reverse shifter, followed by the spring and
plunger. Depress the poppet ball and spring
into the shifter to allow the spring and
plunger to pass. The poppet ball rests in the
radius of the plunger.
499
Figure 499 Assembling Lo/Reverse Shifter
18. Install the Lo/reverse shifter onto the shift
rail, behind the third/fourth shift fork.
500
Figure 500 Installing Lo/Reverse Shifter
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 193
19. Install the interlock ball between the
Lo/reverse shift rail and the first/second shift
rail.
501
Figure 501 Installing Interlock Ball
20. Install the poppet ball and spring for the
Lo/reverse shift rail.
502
Figure 502 Installing Poppet Ball and Spring
Page 194
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
21. Press the poppet ball down while sliding the
Lo/reverse shift rail over the ball. A hollow
tube works well to press down the ball.
503
Figure 503 Pushing Poppet Ball Down
22. Install the Lo/reverse shift fork onto the
Lo/reverse shift rail.
504
Figure 504 Installing Lo/Reverse Shift Fork
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 195
23. Continue sliding the Lo/reverse shift rail as
shown and then, install the interlock pin into
the rail.
505
Figure 505 Sliding Lo/Reverse Shift Rail
24. Finish sliding the shift rail through the fork
and into position.
506
Figure 506 Shift Rail in Position
25. Align the setscrew in the Lo/reverse shifter
with the notch in the shift rail. Tighten the
setscrew to the specified torque.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
507
Figure 507 Tightening Setscrew
Page 196
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
26. Align the setscrew in the Lo/reverse shift fork
with the notch in the shift rail. Tighten the
setscrew to the specified torque.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
508
Figure 508 Tightening Setscrew
27. Install the interlock ball into the opening next
to the interlock rocker location of the cover.
509
Figure 509 Installing Interlock Ball into Cover
28. Install the interlock rocker and bolt into the
cover.
510
Figure 510 Installing Interlock Rocker and Bolt
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 197
29. Install the nut and washers onto the interlock
rocker bolt, and tighten to the specified
torque.
511
Figure 511 Installing Nut and Washers
Page 198
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
TRANSMISSION REASSEMBLY
PROCEDURES
[320]
Locate the stamped letter O on the front of each
front countershaft fourth (eighth) speed gear that
aligns with the keyway. Paint the front of the
corresponding gear tooth with white paint for
greater visibility when timing the countershafts
later. Do this for each of the three front
countershafts.
512
Figure 512 Gear Tooth Marked for Timing
Locate the three gear tooth spaces on the
mainshaft fourth (eighth) speed gear, stamped
with the letter O. Paint the front of each tooth
space with white paint for greater visibility when
timing the countershafts later. If there are no
stamped letters, count the number of gear teeth
(result should be divisible by three). Place a white
paint mark on any tooth space. Then count
around one-third of the total spaces and place the
second white mark. Finally, count around
one-third of the total spaces again and place the
third white mark. The three marks should now be
evenly spaced around the gear.
513
Figure 513 Gear Tooth Spaces Marked for Timing
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 199
1. Install the No. 1 (upper right, when viewed
from front) and No. 3 (lower) front
countershaft front bearing covers and
capscrews. Make sure new O-rings are in
place. Tighten the capscrews to the
specified torque.
514
Figure 514 No. 1 and No. 3 Front Countershaft Front
Bearing Covers Installed
2. With the main case in a vertical position,
front end down, install the No. 3 (lower) front
countershaft into the main transmission
case.
515
Figure 515 Installing Lower No. 3 Countershaft into
Main Case
3. Position the countershaft to center it over the
front bearing.
4. Temporarily position a shim pack over one of
the front countershaft rear bearing cover
openings. Mark the overhang of the shim
pack at the reverse idler shaft opening of the
case. This helps position the reverse idler
shaft and prevents bearing cover
interference with the shaft. Mark all idler
shaft openings.
The bearing cover fits into the flat on the idler
shaft to retain the shaft and prevent it from
rotating.
516
Figure 516 Marking Idler Shaft Opening
Page 200
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
5. Install the No. 3 (lower) reverse idler shaft
into the opening provided next to the
installed countershaft. As the reverse idler
shaft is inserted into the case, install (in
order) the reverse idler gear and thrust
washer onto the shaft, from inside the case.
517
Figure 517 Order of Reverse Idler Shaft and
Components
6. Align the flat on the end of the reverse idler
shaft (next to No. 3 countershaft) with the
mark made along the edge of the shim pack.
518
Figure 518 Aligning Reverse Idler Shaft with Marks
7. Maintaining mark alignment, use a brass
hammer to tap the reverse idler shaft for the
No. 3 (lower) countershaft into the case. To
ease installation of the mainshaft, do not
drive the reverse idler shaft all the way into
the case at this time. Leave approximately
1/2 inch of the idler shaft protruding above
the case as shown in Figure 520. Be sure to
maintain mark alignment.
Make sure that the thrust washer is aligned
correctly with the idler shaft while tapping the idler
shaft into place. If not aligned, damage to the
thrust washer may result.
519
Figure 519 Tapping Reverse Idler Shaft into Place
520
Figure 520 Reverse Idler Shaft Protrusion
Leaving the reverse idler shaft protruding from
the transmission case allows the countershaft to
be moved rearward to provide sufficient
clearance for installation of the mainshaft.
1. Reverse Idler Shaft 2. Thrust Washer
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 201
8. Tip the No. 1 (upper left, when viewed from
the rear) front countershaft into position as
described earlier for the No. 3 (lower)
countershaft.
9. Install the reverse idler gear and thrust
washer into the opening next to the No. 1
(upper left) front countershaft. Roll the idler
gear and thrust washer into position.
10. Install the reverse idler shaft. Align the flat
on the end of the shaft with the mark
previously made along the edge of the shim
pack.
11. While maintaining mark alignment, use a
brass hammer to tap the reverse idler shaft
into the case. To ease installation of the
mainshaft, do not drive the reverse idler
shaft all the way into the case at this time.
Leave approximately 1/2 inch of the shaft
protruding above the case as shown in
Figure 520.
Make sure that the thrust washer is aligned
correctly with the idler shaft while tapping the idler
shaft into place. If not aligned, damage to the
thrust washer may result.
12. After installing the No. 1 and No. 3 reverse
idler gears and idler shafts, install the front
countershaft rear bearings onto the No. 1
and No. 3 countershafts.
13. To hold the No. 1 and No. 3 countershafts in
place, temporarily install the front
countershaft rear bearing covers. Position
1/2-inch thick spacers (nuts) between the
bearing covers and the transmission case to
allow for the temporary protrusion of the
reverse idler shafts.
521
Figure 521 Bearing Covers Temporarily Installed with
Spacers
14. With the No. 1 and No. 3 front countershafts
temporarily in place, move both
countershafts as far rearward as possible,
against the rear bearing covers. This
provides clearance for mainshaft installation
and Lo-speed gear and reverse speed gear
positioning. Also, position the reverse idler
gears as far rearward as possible.
15. Install the mainshaft into the case by lifting
the mainshaft into position and in gear
contact with the No. 1 and No. 3
countershafts.
Before the mainshaft is installed, slide the
Lo/reverse sliding clutch forward until it fully
engages the Lo-speed gear. Slide the reverse
speed gear forward until it fully engages the
sliding clutch.
Reverse gear is not secured to the shaft and
can fall off if not careful.
Page 202
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
522
Figure 522 Installing Mainshaft into Case
16. Place the transmission in a horizontal
position.
17. Move the reverse gear and Lo/reverse
sliding clutch to normal positions.
18. Position the mainshaft, No. 3 (lower)
countershaft and No. 1 (upper right, when
viewed from the front) countershaft so that
the timing marks on the gears are aligned.
Roll the shafts into place and make sure
gear timing is correct.
Timing the shafts is easier if the transmission is in
a horizontal position, rotated 15 degrees
counterclockwise, as viewed from the rear of the
transmission case.
523
Figure 523 Timing Gears with Mainshaft in Place
19. Remove the temporarily installed No. 1 and
No. 3 front countershaft rear bearing cover
capscrews, covers and spacers.
20. Using a brass hammer, tap the No. 1 and
No. 3 reverse idler shafts until fully seated in
the case.
524
Figure 524 Tapping Reverse Idler Shaft into Place
21. Temporarily reinstall the No. 1 and No. 3
front countershaft rear bearing covers
(without 1/2-inch thick spacers) to secure the
countershafts. Jiggle the countershafts while
tapping the covers in place. Install the
capscrews, but do not tighten to
specification at this time. Front countershaft
bearing preload must be adjusted after main
case assembly.
Do not use the bearing cover capscrews to pull
any bearing cover into place. Damage to the
bearings or bearing cover may result. Make sure
all components are properly in place before
tightening the capscrews.
22. Install the remaining No. 2 reverse idler
shaft, gear and thrust washer (next to No. 2
countershaft, not yet installed) as described
in the steps for the lower (No. 3) reverse idler
shaft and gear. Move the reverse speed gear
on the mainshaft as far away as possible.
When installing the reverse idler shaft and
gear, make sure that the thrust washer is
held in place.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 203
525
Figure 525 Installing No. 2 Reverse Idler Shaft and
Gear
Make sure that the thrust washer is aligned
correctly with the idler shaft while tapping the idler
shaft into place. If not aligned, damage to the
thrust washer may result.
23. Shift the Lo/reverse sliding clutch and
reverse gear rearward, to allow the gear
teeth on the reverse speed gear to engage
all three reverse idler gears. Temporarily
install a folded rag between the Lo and
reverse speed gears to hold them in place.
526
Figure 526 Sliding Lo/Reverse Sliding Clutch and
Reverse Speed Gear to Engage Gear Teeth
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
SETTING FRONT COUNTERSHAFT
BEARING PRELOAD
24. Install enough shims under the No. 3 (lower)
and No. 1 (upper left, when viewed from the
rear) front countershaft rear bearing cover to
produce measurable countershaft end play.
Then install the cover and tighten the
capscrews to the specified torque. Measure
end play of the countershaft, using a dial
indicator.
Use a pry bar to move the countershaft up and
down while measuring end play on the dial
indicator.
527
Figure 527 Measuring Countershaft End Play
1. Dial Indicator Set J 05959-A
Page 204
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
25. For the No. 3 (lower) and No. 1 (upper left)
countershaft, measured end play
determines the thickness of shims that must
be removed from the shim pack to obtain
zero end play. Then remove additional shim
thickness to obtain the required 0.003 to
0.007 inch preload.
Example:
a. Begin the procedure, using enough
shims under the cover to produce
measurable end play.
b. Measure countershaft end play. For this
example, end play is 0.100 inch.
c. Remove 0.100-inch shims from the
shim pack to obtain zero end play.
d. Remove (subtract) additional 0.003 to
0.007 inch shims from the pack to
obtain the specified preload.
e. Total shim thickness removed from the
shim pack to obtain 0.003 to 0.007 inch
preload must be 0.103 to 0.107 inch.
Preload is negative end play or crush. It cannot
be measured directly. Determining shim thickness
must be done carefully, as described, to obtain
the correct preload on the bearings.
26. After determining the correct shim thickness,
install the shim pack onto the No. 3 and
No. 1 front countershaft rear covers.
528
Figure 528 Installing Shim Pack
27. Install the No. 3 (lower) and No. 1 (upper left)
front countershaft rear bearing covers by
aligning and lightly tapping the covers in
place. Install the capscrews and tighten to
the specified torque.
Do not use the bearing cover capscrews to pull
any bearing cover into place. Damage to the
bearings or bearing cover may result. Make sure
all components are properly in place before
tightening the capscrews.
28. Working through the opening at the rear of
the case, install the reverse speed gear
mainshaft snap ring onto the shaft, if not
already done. Install into fifth groove from
rear of shaft.
529
Figure 529 Installing Reverse Gear Mainshaft Snap
Ring (T313L/T318L Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 205
29. Install the internal-toothed and
external-toothed thrust washers onto the
mainshaft. The oil grooves on the
external-toothed thrust washer face forward
(toward the internal-toothed thrust washer).
530
Figure 530 Installing Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
30. Install the snap ring on the inside of the
reverse gear, using suitable snap ring pliers.
Remove the rag temporarily installed
between the Lo and reverse speed gears, if
not already done.
531
Figure 531 Installing Reverse Gear Snap Ring
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
2. External-Toothed Thrust
Washer 1. Reverse Gear 2. Reverse Gear Snap Ring
Page 206
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
31. Install the mainshaft snap ring (located just
behind the reverse speed gear and before
the spacer) onto the mainshaft, using
suitable snap ring pliers. Install into fourth
groove from rear of shaft.
532
Figure 532 Installing Spacer Snap Ring onto
Mainshaft (T313L/T318L Shown)
32. Install the remaining No. 2 (upper right when
viewed from the rear) countershaft.
533
Figure 533 Installing No. 2 Countershaft
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
33. Place the transmission in a horizontal
position. Align the timing marks on the No. 2
countershaft with the mainshaft. All three
countershafts and mainshaft timing marks
should be aligned at this point.
534
Figure 534 Gear Timing Marks Aligned
1. Mainshaft First Snap
Ring Groove
2. Mainshaft Second Snap
Ring Groove
3. Mainshaft Third Snap
Ring Groove
4. Mainshaft Fourth Snap
Ring Groove
5. Bearing Thrust Washer
Spacer Snap Ring
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 207
34. Install the No. 2 (upper left, as viewed from
the front) countershaft front bearing cover.
While holding the shaft with one hand, insert
the front bearing cover ensuring a new
O-ring is in place. Carefully wiggle or tap
cover in place using a soft hammer. Tighten
the cover capscrews to the specified torque.
Do not attempt to pull any bearing cover in place,
using the bearing cover capscrews. Damage to
the bearings or bearing cover may result. Make
sure all components are properly in place before
tightening the capscrews.
35. Install the front mainshaft rear bearing thrust
spacer onto the mainshaft, against the last
snap ring. Make sure that the oil grooves
face forward.
535
Figure 535 Installing Bearing Spacer
(T313LR/T318LR Shown)
36. Press the sleeve into the mainshaft rear
bearing, being careful to support the bearing
on its inner race to prevent damage.
536
Figure 536 Installing Front Mainshaft Rear Bearing
37. Install the front mainshaft rear bearing.
537
Figure 537 Installing Front Mainshaft Rear Bearing
(T313LR/T318LR Shown)
Page 208
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
38. Install the front mainshaft rear bearing
mainshaft snap ring.
To install the snap ring that retains the rear
bearing, it may be necessary to raise the
mainshaft using a pry bar.
538
Figure 538 Installing Snap Ring
39. Install the No. 2 (upper right) countershaft
rear bearing cover. Determine shim pack
thickness for proper bearing preload
adjustment, as described earlier for the
No. 3 lower countershaft. Tighten the rear
cover capscrews to the specified torque.
40. Install the front mainshaft rear bearing cover
and capscrews. Tighten the capscrews to
the specified torque.
539
Figure 539 Installing Front Mainshaft Rear Bearing
Cover (T313L/T318L Shown)
41. Working at the front of the mainshaft, install
the third/fourth sliding clutch.
540
Figure 540 Installing Sliding Clutch
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 209
42. Install a new main drive pinion cover gasket.
Make sure the rubber sealing material on the
gasket is facing the bearing cover.
541
Figure 541 Installing Cover Gasket with Sealing
Material Facing Cover
43. Align the main drive pinion bearing cover
gasket. Make sure the hole in the cover
aligns with the oil passageway in the bearing
cover.
542
Figure 542 Aligning Cover and Gasket Oil Holes
44. Before installing the main drive pinion
assembly, make sure to align the oil passage
hole in the cover with the oil passage hole in
the case.
543
Figure 543 Aligning Pinion Cover Oil Hole with Hole in
Case
Make sure the oil passages in the gasket, cover
and case are aligned.
45. Install the main drive pinion assembly and
tighten the bearing cover capscrews to the
specified torque.
Main drive pinions for these transmissions are
designed with the equivalent of three degrees
1.7531.803 mm (0.0690.071 inch) of backlash
between the shaft splines and the mating splines
of the main drive pinion gear. This amount of
backlash was designed to eliminate a rattling
noise that can occur when the engine is idling
with the clutch engaged.
544
Figure 544 Tightening Main Drive Pinion Bearing
Cover Capscrews
Page 210
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Reinstall the oil pump discharge line (if equipped)
that was removed at disassembly. Tighten the
upper and lower portions of the discharge tube to
4953 Nm (3639 lb-ft) using a crowfoot adapter
and torque wrench.
545
Figure 545 Tighten Upper and Lower Discharge Tube
Fittings
46. Locate the stamped letter O on the rear
face of the rear compound Lo-split gear at
three tooth spaces 120 degrees apart. If
there are no stamped letters, count the
number of teeth (result should be divisible by
three). Paint three white marks, each
120 degrees apart, located on the rear face
of the gear, on the tooth spaces.
546
Figure 546 Mark Lo-Split Gear
47. Install the compound Lo-split gear onto the
front mainshaft. The clutch teeth of the gear
face rearward.
48. Rotate transmission mainshaft to align the
three timing marks on the rear compound
Lo-split gear with the approximate center
lines of the three front countershafts.
547
Figure 547 Installing and Aligning Lo-Split Gear
49. Install the compound Lo-split gear
internal-toothed thrust washer and retaining
snap ring onto the front mainshaft in the
location shown.
548
Figure 548 Thrust Washer and Snap Ring Location
(T313L/T318L Shown)
1. Upper Discharge Tube
Fitting
2. Lower Discharge Tube
Fitting
1. Gear Timing Marks
1. Lo-Split Gear
2. Internal-Toothed Thrust
Washer
3. Snap Ring Groove
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 211
50. Install the sliding clutch onto the mainshaft.
The external teeth on the sliding clutch face
rearward.
549
Figure 549 Installing the Sliding Clutch
51. Locate the stamped letter O on the rear
face of each rear countershaft Lo-split gear.
If there is no stamped letter, mark the gear
tooth on each countershaft that is directly in
line with the keyway of the countershaft.
Paint a corresponding timing mark on the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear tooth, directly in line
with the tooth marked on the Lo-split gear.
Paint a corresponding timing mark on the
Lo-range gear also.
If the O stamping is not visible, locate the gear
tooth on the countershaft that aligns with the
keyway. Mark the closest tooth that aligns with the
keyway. Then mark the remaining gears.
550
Figure 550 Marking Rear Countershaft Gears
Page 212
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
52. Position each of the three rear countershafts
so that the single timing mark on each
countershaft Lo-split gear enters the mating
set of timing marks on the rear compound
mainshaft Lo-split gear. Install each
countershaft on the cup of its mating front
countershaft rear bearing cover.
551
Figure 551 Installing and Aligning Timing Marks
(T313L/T318L Shown)
53. Obtain the rear mainshaft and synchronizer
assembly. Paint three equally spaced sets of
double timing marks on the gear teeth
surrounding every 10th space between two
teeth for the Hi-range/Hi-split gear. Paint
three equally spaced sets of double timing
marks on the gear teeth surrounding every
18th space between two teeth for the
Lo-range gear.
54. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), use a
hoist and a threaded eye-bolt to lift and
install the rear mainshaft and synchronizer
assembly between the rear countershafts.
Make sure to retain timing mark alignment.
552
Figure 552 Installing Rear Mainshaft and
Synchronizer Assembly (T313LR/T318LR Shown)
1. Align timing marks.
1. Align timing marks as assembly is lowered.
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 213
55. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), suspend the
output shaft and synchronizer assembly,
using a hoist and suitable output yoke
retaining nut with welded strap. Lift and
install the synchronizer and output shaft
assembly between the rear countershafts.
Make sure to retain timing mark alignment.
553
Figure 553 Installing Output Shaft and Synchronizer
Assembly (T313LR21/T318LR21 Shown)
Make sure the single timing mark on each
countershaft Hi-range/Hi-split gear and Lo-range
gear aligns with the double timing marks painted
on the corresponding rear mainshaft gears.
56. Remove the threaded eye bolt or nut with
welded strap from the end of the rear
mainshaft.
57. Install a new case-to-case gasket on the
gasket surface of the main case.
58. Using a hoist and chain, carefully lower the
rear case over the compound gear set and
onto the main case and gasket.
554
Figure 554 Installing Rear Case
Page 214
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
59. Install the rear case dowel bolts and nuts
and tighten them to the specified torque.
60. Install the inner and outer (case-to-case)
capscrews to secure the rear case to the
main case. There are two inner capscrews
located just inside the rear compound cover
opening. Tighten the inner and outer
case-to-case capscrews to the specified
torque.
555
Figure 555 Tightening Outer Case-to-Case Capscrews
556
Figure 556 Tightening Inner Case-to-Case Capscrews
SETTING REAR COUNTERSHAFT
BEARING PRELOAD
61. Install the compound countershaft bearing
covers. Determine the shim pack thickness
for each rear countershaft bearing preload
adjustment, using the procedure described
in the example that follows.
62. Working at the rear of the countershafts,
temporarily install the rear countershaft
bearing covers, leaving the capscrews
loose. Do not install shim packs or O-rings at
this time. Measure the space between the
bearing cover and transmission case, using
two feeler gauge sets. Take at least two
measurements and average the results.
A more accurate measurement can be obtained if
the transmission is in a vertical position and each
bearing cover is hand-held firmly against the
countershaft rear bearings.
557
Figure 557 Measuring with Tapered Feeler Gauges
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 215
558
Figure 558 Measuring with Standard Feeler Gauges
63. For each countershaft, remove the bearing
cover and add enough shims to bring the
space under the bearing cover to zero. Then
remove enough shim thickness to obtain the
required 0.002 to 0.006 inch preload.
Example:
a. Begin the procedure using no shims or
O-rings under the cover.
b. Measure the space under the cover.
For this example, the space is
0.100 inch.
c. A 0.100-inch shim pack is needed to fill
the measured space.
d. Remove (subtract) 0.002 to 0.006 inch
shims from the pack to obtain the
specified preload.
e. To obtain the required 0.002 to
0.006 inch preload, final shim pack
thickness must be 0.094 to 0.098 inch
for this example.
Preload is negative end play or crush. It cannot
be measured directly. Determining shim thickness
must be done carefully, as described, to obtain
the correct preload on the bearings.
64. When all shim packs have been determined,
install the rear compound countershaft
bearing covers, shim packs, O-rings and
cover capscrews. Then tighten the
capscrews to the specified torque. Use new
O-rings when installing the covers.
559
Figure 559 Tightening Rear Countershaft Bearing
Cover Capscrews (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
65. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install a
new gasket onto the rear mainshaft bearing
cover. Note the location of the lubrication
hole.
66. On the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
rear mainshaft bearing cover assembly to
the rear case and secure with capscrews.
Tighten the capscrews to the specified
torque.
560
Figure 560 Installing Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover
Assembly and Tightening Capscrews
(T313LR/T318LR Shown)
Page 216
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
67. For the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install a new
gasket onto the output housing and then
install the housing onto the rear case. Note
the location of the lubrication hole.
561
Figure 561 Installing Output Housing
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
68. Install and tighten the output housing
capscrews to the recommended torque
specification.
562
Figure 562 Tightening Output Housing Capscrews
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
69. On the extended output shaft transmissions:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21), install the
collapsible-type spacer (the correct length of
the spacer was previously determined in
Rear Output Housing Reassembly: T313
T318(21)(L21)(LR21) on page 142). Also
install the outer bearing cone into the output
housing over the output shaft.
563
Figure 563 Installing Spacer and Outer Bearing Cone
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
70. Seat the outer bearing cone and spacer,
using a blunt punch and hammer. Working in
a circular motion, tap lightly around the inner
race of the bearing cone only.
564
Figure 564 Seating the Bearing Cone and Spacer
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 217
71. For the extended output housing
transmissions: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21),
install a new output housing oil seal. Lightly
tap the seal into place using a broad,
flat-faced hammer until the seal is seated in
the housing bore. Refer to Oil Seals on
page 127 for seal installation and
precautions.
565
Figure 565 Installing Output Housing Oil Seal
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
72. Install the drive yoke (flange) and retaining
nut on the extended output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21).
566
Figure 566 Installing Drive Yoke and Nut
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
73. For the conventional output shaft
transmissions: T313T318(L)(LR), install the
drive yoke, clamp plate and retaining
capscrew onto the rear mainshaft.
To tighten the drive yoke retaining nut on the
extended output shaft transmission or the drive
yoke clamp plate capscrew for the conventional
output shaft transmission, place at least two
gears in both the main case and the rear case
into engagement. This is done to lock the gearing
and prevent it from rotating while tightening the
yoke retaining nut or clamp plate capscrew.
74. Reach into the rear case top opening and
verify that the splitter sliding clutch and
synchronizer assembly sliding clutch are
both engaged at the same time with the
Hi-range/Hi-split gear.
75. Reach into the main case top opening and
move at least two sliding clutches into
engagement. This locks up the gearing to
prevent it from turning while tightening the
drive yoke retaining nut or clamp plate
capscrew.
76. Tighten the applicable drive yoke retaining
nut or clamp plate capscrew to the specified
torque. When finished, make sure all gear
sliding clutches and the compound sliding
clutches are returned to the normal neutral
positions.
Effective June 2007, drive yoke clamp plate
capscrews were changed to a Scotch-Grip
torque retention method. DO NOT reuse these
fasteners, as they are one-time use only.
567
Figure 567 Torquing Drive Yoke Nut
(T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Page 218
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
568
Figure 568 Tightening Clamp Plate Capscrew
(T313LR/T318LR Shown)
77. Make sure the synchronizer sliding clutch is
in the neutral position. Install the range shift
fork into the case and engage the fork onto
the sliding clutch. The straight side of the
fork (1) faces the front and the angled side of
the fork (2) faces the rear.
569
Figure 569 Installing Range Shift Fork
78. Install the range shift cylinder into the rear
case. Line up the shift fork with the shift rail
as the cylinder is installed. Install the
cylinder so that the breather vent is facing
down and the air port is facing up.
570
Figure 570 Installing Range Shift Cylinder
The two-position (compound non-neutralizing)
range shift cylinder also requires the installation
of a gasket before the cylinder can be installed.
This gasket must be installed with the red silicone
bead of the gasket facing the transmission case
as shown in Figure 571.
571
Figure 571 Installing Shift Cylinder Gasket
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 219
79. Install the range shift cylinder cover,
capscrews and new O-ring. Be sure O-ring
is properly in position as cover is installed.
572
Figure 572 Installing Range Shift Cylinder,
Capscrews, Cover and O-Ring
80. Tighten the range shift cylinder cover
capscrews to the specified torque.
Do not overtighten the four long capscrews that
hold the range shift cylinder and cover to the rear
case. Overtightening can cause the rear cover to
bend.
81. Align the setscrew in the shift fork with the
setscrew hole in the shift rail. Tighten the
setscrew to the specified torque.
Effective June 2007, shift fork setscrews were
changed to a Scotch-Grip torque retention
method. DO NOT reuse these fasteners, as they
are one-time use only.
573
Figure 573 Tightening Shift Fork Setscrew
82. Clean the gasket or sealant surface of the
rear case shift cover.
83. Make sure that the sliding clutch next to the
rear compound Lo-split gear is placed in the
neutral position.
84. Install a new rear case shift cover gasket.
Use a small amount of adhesive or grease to
hold it in place. Apply sealant to the shift
cover sealing surface of the case.
Page 220
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
85. Install the rear case shift cover, lift bracket
and cover capscrews. Make sure to align the
shift fork with the sliding clutch. Tighten the
capscrews to the specified torque.
The lift bracket capscrews are slightly longer than
the remainder of the shift cover capscrews. Make
sure the longer capscrews are used to secure the
lift bracket. The lift bracket is placed at the right
rear corner of the shift cover.
574
Figure 574 Tightening Rear Case Shift Cover
Capscrews
86. Clean the gasket or sealant surface of the
main case shift cover.
87. Install a new main case shift cover gasket.
Use a small amount of adhesive or grease to
hold it in place.
88. Make sure the shift forks on the cover and
the sliding clutches on the mainshaft are in
the neutral position for proper alignment.
89. Align the shift forks with the sliding clutches
and install the main case shift cover.
575
Figure 575 Installing Main Case Shift Cover Assembly
90. Install the main case shift cover and lift
bracket capscrews and tighten to the
specified torque. Install the lifting bracket
and longer capscrews at the left front corner
of the main case shift cover as shown.
The lift bracket capscrews are slightly longer than
the remainder of the shift cover capscrews. Make
sure the longer capscrews are used to secure the
lift bracket.
576
Figure 576 Tightening Main Case Shift Cover
Capscrews
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
Page 221
On the very rare occasion of clutch tooth contact,
the noncurrent eccentric pivot pin, which is
available for service should be installed.
Adjustment of the eccentric pivot is as follows:
a. Loosen the locknut on the eccentric pin.
While rotating the transmission input shaft
by hand, adjust the eccentric pin until gear
clash occurs. Note the position of the
eccentric pin.
b. Turn the eccentric pin in the other direction
until gear clash occurs again and note the
position of the eccentric pin.
c. Return the eccentric pin to a point midway
between the two positions.
d. Tighten the locknut to 5468 Nm
(4050 lb-ft).
577
Figure 577 Adjusting Eccentric Pin
91. Install the interlock O-ring, pin, spring and
sleeve into the main case shift cover.
578
Figure 578 Range Shift Interlock
92. Position the range shift valve over the tip of
the interlock pin. Install the two (outer)
Allen-head 5/32-inch screws and torque to
specification.
579
Figure 579 Tightening Range Shift Interlock Valve
Screws
1. Interlock Pin
2. Interlock Spring
3. Interlock Sleeve
4. O-Ring
5. Main Case Shift Cover
(For Reference)
1. Allen-Head Screws
(5/32 inch)
2. Range Shift Valve
Page 222
REPAIR INSTRUCTIONS
93. Install the two (inner) hex-head screws and
torque to specification.
580
Figure 580 Tightening Remaining Range Shift Valve
Screws
94. Reconnect the air lines attached to all
transmission valves, range shift cylinder and
the rear case shift cover. Install air line by
holding approximately 152 mm (6 inches)
away from air fitting. Insert hose straight into
fitting until seated. Slightly tug on hose to
ensure it is seated.
Refer to the air piping diagrams in T313
T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Air Control without
Compound Neutralizing for PTO Operation on
page 240 or T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
Air Control with Compound Neutralizing for PTO
Operation on page 242.
581
Figure 581 Installing Air Line
95. Install the transmission drain plug and
magnetic filter plug and torque to
specification.
96. Install the clutch release bearing assembly,
shafts, yoke and clutch brake (if equipped).
97. Reinstall the transmission into the chassis of
the vehicle.
98. Following installation of the transmission into
the chassis, remove the oil filler plug. Fill the
unit to the proper oil level, using the
recommended lubricant. Add lubricant until
even with the bottom of the fill hole. Refer to
Transmission Specifications and
Capacities on page 237 in the
SPECIFICATIONS section.
99. Allow time for distribution of the lubricant.
Then check the level again.
100. Install and tighten the filler plug to
specification of 4148 Nm (3035 lb-ft).
DO NOT exceed 48 Nm (35 lb-ft) as the plug can
seize, resulting in damage to the transmission
case when attempting to remove the plug.
RANGE SHIFT VALVE CHECK
101. Reconnect all remaining air lines and gear
shift linkage/gearshift lever.
102. Check range shift valve operation to make
sure that the compound range shift does not
occur without being in neutral.
1. Hex-Head Screws 2. Range Shift Valve
1. Air Line Fitting 2. Air Hose
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 223
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 224
SPECIFICATIONS
TRANSMISSION SPECIFICATIONS
Torque Specifications, T313T318(L)(LR)
582
Figure 582 Torque Specifications (T313L/T318L Shown)
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 225
* Indicates that fastener has epoxy-coated threads. Fastener can be reused a maximum of five times.
** Indicates that fastener utilizes Scotch-Grip as torque retention. Do not reuse these fasteners, one-time use only.
Item and Location Torque Nm (Lb-Ft)
1. Main Drive Pinion Bearing Cover Capscrews* 4973 (3654)
2. Shift Cover Capscrews (Main Case/Rear Case)* 3349 (2436)
3. Third/Fourth Pivot Pin Locknut 5468 (4050)
4. Shifter and Shift Fork Setscrews** 4768 (3550)
5. Front Mainshaft Rear Bearing Cover Capscrews 5468 (4050)
6. Splitter Shift Piston Cover Capscrews 2328 (1721)
7. Splitter and Range Shift Fork Setscrews** 3550 (4768)
8. Rear Mainshaft Bearing Cover Capscrews* 5468 (4050)
9. Range Shift Cylinder Cover Capscrews 3745 (2733)
10. Drive Flange (or Yoke) Clamp Plate Capscrew** 670814 (494600)
11. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover Capscrews* 5468 (4050)
12. Synchronizer Special 12-Point Screws (Quantity 3)** 3338 (2428)
13. Front Countershaft Rear Bearing Cover Capscrews 4973 (3654)
14. Drain Plug 3441 (2530)
15. Front Countershaft Front Bearing Cover Capscrews* 4973 (3654)
Main Case-to-Rear Case Capscrews 84106 (6278)
Main Case-to-Rear Case Dowel Bolts 7588 (5565)
Oil Filler Plug 4148 (3035)
Magnetic Oil Filter Plug 2731 (2023)
Range Shift Piston-to-Rail Retaining Nut (Compound Neutralizing Only) 102142 (75105)
Range Shift Interlock Rocker Nut 2734 (2025)
Range Shift Valve Mounting Screws (Two Hex, Two Allen) 911 (8496 lb-in)
Range Shift Valve Top Cover Screws 3.44.5 (3040 lb-in)
Double Check Valve Mounting Screws (Air Piping for Compound
Neutralizing)
911 (8496 lb-in)
Page 226
SPECIFICATIONS
Torque Specifications, T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
583
Figure 583 Torque Specifications (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 227
* Indicates that fastener has epoxy-coated threads. Fastener can be reused a maximum of five times.
** Indicates that fastener utilizes Scotch-Grip as torque retention. Do not reuse these fasteners, one-time use only.
*** Indicates drive yoke nut has self-locking feature. Nut can be reused three times.
Item and Location Torque Nm (Lb-Ft)
1. Main Drive Pinion Bearing Cover Capscrews* 4973 (3654)
2. Main Case Shift Cover Capscrews* 3349 (2436)
3. Third/Fourth Pivot Pin Locknut 5468 (4050)
4. Shifter and Shift Fork Setscrews** 4768 (3550)
5. Front Mainshaft Rear Bearing Cover Screws 5468 (4050)
6. Splitter Shift Piston Cover Capscrews 2328 (1721)
7. Splitter and Range Shift Fork Setscrews** 4768 (3550)
8. Rear Case Shift Cover Capscrews* 2436 (3349)
9. Range Shift Cylinder Cover Capscrews* 2733 (3745)
10. Mainshaft Output Housing Capscrews* 5468 (4050)
11. Drive Yoke Nut*** 600670 (450500)
12. Rear Countershaft Bearing Cover Capscrews* 5468 (4050)
13. Synchronizer Special 12-Point Screws (Quantity 3)** 3338 (2428)
14. Main Case Countershaft Rear Bearing Cover Capscrews* 4973 (3654)
15. Drain Plug 3441 (2530)
16. Front Countershaft Front Bearing Cover Capscrews* 4973 (3654)
Main Case-to-Rear Case Capscrews 84106 (6278)
Main Case-to-Rear Case Dowel Bolts 7588 (5565)
Oil Filler Plug 4148 (30 35)
Magnetic Oil Filter Plug 2731 (2023)
Range Shift Piston-to-Rail Retaining Nut (Compound Neutralizing Only) 102142 (75105)
Range Shift Interlock Rocker Nut 2734 (2025)
Range Shift Valve Mounting Screws (Two Hex, Two Allen) 911 (8496 lb-in)
Range Shift Valve Top Cover Screws 3.44.5 (3040 lb-in)
Double Check Valve Mounting Screws (Air Piping for Compound
Neutralizing)
911 (8496 lb-in)
Page 228
SPECIFICATIONS
Gear Identification, T313T318(21)
584
Figure 584 Gear Identification (T313/T318 Shown)
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 229
T313/T318 T31321/T31821
Mainshaft Gear (Main Box)
Number
of Teeth
Outside
Diameter Mainshaft Gear (Main Box)
Number
of Teeth
Outside
Diameter
1. Main Drive Pinion (3rd/7th) 33 5.633 1. Main Drive Pinion (3rd/7th) 33 5.633
2. 4th/8th Speed Gear 27 4.692 2. 4th/8th Speed Gear 27 4.692
3. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 39 6.603 3. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 39 6.603
4. 1st/5th Speed Gear 45 7.539 4. 1st/5th Speed Gear 45 7.539
5. Lo-Speed Gear 48 8.712 5. Lo-Speed Gear 48 8.712
6. Reverse Speed Gear 42 7.305 6. Reverse Speed Gear 42 7.305
Mainshaft Gear (Compound) Mainshaft Gear (Compound)
7. Lo-Split Gear 27 4.754 7. Lo-Split Gear 27 4.754
8. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 30 5.204 8. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 30 5.204
9. Lo-Range Gear 54 8.996 9. Lo-Range Gear 54 8.996
Countershaft Gear (Main Box) Countershaft Gear (Main Box)
10. Main Drive Gear 47 7.583 10. Main Drive Gear 47 7.583
11. 4th/8th Speed (PTO) Gear 54 8.514 11. 4th/8th Speed (PTO) Gear 54 8.514
12. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 40 6.641 12. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 40 6.641
13. 1st/5th Speed Gear 33 5.757 13. 1st/5th Speed Gear 33 5.757
14. Lo-Speed Gear 23 4.375 14. Lo-Speed Gear 23 4.375
15. Reverse Speed (Part of Shaft) 17 3.495 15. Reverse Speed Gear 17 3.495
16. Reverse Idler Gear 24 4.520 16. Reverse Idler Gear 24 4.520
Countershaft Gear (Compound) Countershaft Gear (Compound)
17. Lo-Split Gear 52 8.519 17. Lo-Split Gear 52 8.519
18. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 49 8.001 18. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 49 8.001
19. Lo-Range Gear (Part of Shaft) 23 4.205 19. Lo-Range Gear (Part of Shaft) 23 4.205
Page 230
SPECIFICATIONS
Gear Identification, T313T318(L)(LR)
585
Figure 585 Gear Identification (T313L/T318L Shown)
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 231
T313T318(L) T313T318(LR)
Mainshaft Gear (Main Box)
Number
of Teeth
Outside
Diameter Mainshaft Gear (Main Box)
Number
of Teeth
Outside
Diameter
1. Main Drive Pinion (3rd/7th) 33 5.633 1. Main Drive Pinion (3rd/7th) 33 5.633
2. 4th/8th Speed Gear 27 4.692 2. 4th/8th Speed Gear 27 4.692
3. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 39 6.603 3. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 39 6.603
4. 1st/5th Speed Gear 45 7.539 4. 1st/5th Speed Gear 45 7.539
5. Lo-Speed Gear 51 9.158 5. Lo-Speed Gear 51 9.156
6. Reverse Speed Gear 42 7.305 6. Reverse Speed Gear 54 9.601
Mainshaft Gear (Compound) Mainshaft Gear (Compound)
7. Lo-Split Gear 27 4.754 7. Lo-Split Gear 27 4.754
8. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 30 5.204 8. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 30 5.204
9. Lo-Range Gear 54 8.996 9. Lo-Range Gear 54 8.996
Countershaft Gear (Main Box) Countershaft Gear (Main Box)
10. Main Drive Gear 47 7.583 10. Main Drive Gear 47 7.583
11. 4th/8th Speed (PTO) Gear 54 8.514 11. 4th/8th Speed (PTO) Gear 54 8.514
12. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 40 6.641 12. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 40 6.641
13. 1st/5th Speed Gear 33 5.757 13. 1st/5th Speed Gear 33 5.757
14. Lo-Speed Gear 20 3.954 14. Lo-Speed Gear 20 3.952
15. Reverse Speed (Part of Shaft) 17 3.495 15. Reverse Speed Gear 12 2.625
16. Reverse Idler Gear 24 4.520 16. Reverse Idler Gear 24 4.502
Countershaft Gear (Compound) Countershaft Gear (Compound)
17. Lo-Split Gear 52 8.519 17. Lo-Split Gear 52 8.519
18. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 49 8.001 18. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 49 8.001
19. Lo-Range Gear (Part of Shaft) 23 4.205 19. Lo-Range Gear (Part of Shaft) 23 4.205
Page 232
SPECIFICATIONS
Gear Identification, T313T318(L21)(LR21)
586
Figure 586 Gear Identification (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 233
T313L21/T318L21 T313LR21/T318LR21
Mainshaft Gear (Main Box)
Number
of Teeth
Outside
Diameter Mainshaft Gear (Main Box)
Number
of Teeth
Outside
Diameter
1. Main Drive Pinion (3rd/7th) 33 5.633 1. Main Drive Pinion (3rd/7th) 33 5.633
2. 4th/8th Speed Gear 27 4.692 2. 4th/8th Speed Gear 27 4.692
3. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 39 6.603 3. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 39 6.603
4. 1st/5th Speed Gear 45 7.539 4. 1st/5th Speed Gear 45 7.539
5. Lo-Speed Gear 51 9.158 5. Lo-Speed Gear 51 9.156
6. Reverse Speed Gear 42 7.305 6. Reverse Speed Gear 54 9.601
Mainshaft Gear (Compound) Mainshaft Gear (Compound)
7. Lo-Split Gear 27 4.754 7. Lo-Split Gear 27 4.754
8. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 30 5.204 8. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 30 5.204
9. Lo-Range Gear 54 8.996 9. Lo-Range Gear 54 8.996
Countershaft Gear (Main Box) Countershaft Gear (Main Box)
10. Main Drive Gear 47 7.583 10. Main Drive Gear 47 7.583
11. 4th/8th Speed (PTO) Gear 54 8.514 11. 4th/8th Speed (PTO) Gear 54 8.514
12. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 40 6.641 12. 2nd/6th Speed Gear 40 6.641
13. 1st/5th Speed Gear 33 5.757 13. 1st/5th Speed Gear 33 5.757
14. Lo-Speed Gear 20 3.954 14. Lo-Speed Gear 20 3.952
15. Reverse Speed (Part of Shaft) 17 3.495 15. Reverse Speed Gear 12 2.625
16. Reverse Idler Gear 24 4.520 16. Reverse Idler Gear 24 4.520
Countershaft Gear (Compound) Countershaft Gear (Compound)
17. Lo-Split Gear 52 8.519 17. Lo-Split Gear 52 8.519
18. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 49 8.001 18. Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear 49 8.001
19. Lo-Range Gear (Part of Shaft) 23 4.205 19. Lo-Range Gear (Part of Shaft) 23 4.205
Page 234
SPECIFICATIONS
Fits and Limits
ALL FORKS AND SLIDING CLUTCHES
587
Figure 587 Sliding Clutch Clearances
SPRING SPECIFICATIONS
Minimum New Maximum New Maximum Wear
1. Clearance between fork pad and clutch groove 0.005 inch 0.020 inch 0.050 inch*
2. Clearance between synchronizer shift fork pads and
sliding clutch
0.073 inch 0.087 inch 0.135 inch
*If unit has experienced disengagement, clearance must not exceed 0.030-inch maximum.
SPRING SPECIFICATIONS
Springs Free Length Load Length Under Load
Lo/Reverse Shifter Ball Spring 1.562 inches 41.8 5 lbs. 0.875 inch
Lo/Reverse Shifter Plunger Spring 1.500 inches 22.0 2 lbs. 0.625 inch
Shift Rail Poppet Ball Springs (3) 2.250 inches 25 2.5 lbs. 1.539 inches
Range Shift Interlock Pin Spring 1.310 inches 18.7 lbs.
31.2 lbs.
1.120 inches
1.000 inch
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 235
General Tolerances, T313T318(L)(LR)
588
Figure 588 Gear End Play and Bearing Preload (T313L/T318L Shown)
Component Specification
1. Mainshaft 4th/8th-to-2nd/6th Speed Gear (Floating Gear) End Play 0.0240.081 inch
2. Mainshaft Lo-to-1st/5th Speed Gear (Floating Gear) End Play 0.0200.080 inch
3. Mainshaft Reverse Gear-to-Gear Spacer (Floating Gear) End Play 0.0030.050 inch (Shaft Seated)
4. Mainshaft Compound Lo-Split Gear End Play 0.0050.041 inch
5. Rear Mainshaft Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear End Play 0.0060.040 inch
6. Rear Mainshaft Lo-Range Gear End Play 0.0020.026 inch
7. Rear Countershaft Bearing Preload 0.0020.006 inch
8. Reverse Idler Gear End Play 0.0100.090 inch (Shaft Flush with Case Wall)
9. Front Countershaft Bearing Preload 0.0030.007 inch
Shift Rails-to-Mating Bore Clearance 0.010-inch maximum
Page 236
SPECIFICATIONS
General Tolerances, T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
589
Figure 589 Gear End Play and Bearing Preload (T313L21/T318L21 Shown)
Component Specification
1. Mainshaft 4th/8th-to-2nd/6th Speed Gear (Floating Gear) End Play 0.0240.081 inch
2. Mainshaft Lo-to-1st/5th Speed Gear (Floating Gear) End Play 0.0200.080 inch
3. Mainshaft Reverse Gear-to-Gear Spacer (Floating Gear) End Play 0.0030.050 inch (Shaft Seated)
4. Mainshaft Compound Lo-Split Gear End Play 0.0050.041 inch
5. Rear Mainshaft Hi-Range/Hi-Split Gear End Play 0.0060.040 inch
6. Rear Mainshaft Lo-Range Gear End Play 0.0020.026 inch
7. Mainshaft Output Housing Bearing Preload Collapsible Spacer 1.55.0 lbs. pull
8. Rear Countershaft Bearing Preload 0.0020.006 inch
9. Reverse Idler Gear End Play 0.0100.090 inch (Shaft Flush with Case Wall)
10. Front Countershaft Bearing Preload 0.0030.007 inch
Shift Rails-to-Mating Bore Clearance 0.010-inch maximum
SPECIFICATIONS
Page 237
Transmission Specifications and Capacities
Recommended SAE Grade Gear Oil for All
Temperature Operations, MACK GO-J and GO-J
Plus* or TO-A PLUS* Specification:
90, 140, 80W-90, 80W-140, 85W-140 for
Mineral Base
SAE 50, 75W-90, 75W-140, 80W-140 for
Synthetic Base
*GO-J Plus or TO-A PLUS is required for MACK
geared component extended service drain
intervals.
Visit Mack Trucks, Inc. internet website at
www.macktrucks.com for MACK-approved oil
suppliers.
T313T318(L)(LR) AND T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
Make Mack Trucks, Inc.
Type Overdrive, Triple Countershaft, Range and Splitter
Shift
Range Shift Synchronizer Plate Type, Four Friction/Four Reaction Discs Each
for Hi Range and Lo Range
Controls Selective, One Lever Manual with Air-Shifted
Compound
Speeds T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) 13 Forward, 2 Reverse
Speeds T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) 18 Forward, 3 Reverse
Bell Housing SAE No. 1, Integral with Main Case
Cases Cast Aluminum, Heat Treated
Gears Spur Type
Shaft Splines Fine Pitch Rolled Involute
Lubrication Splash Lubrication
Oil Filter Integral, Magnetic
Drain Plug Magnetic
PTO Openings: Left Side Std. SAE 8-Hole (Main Case and Rear Case)
Right Side Std. SAE 6-Hole (Main Case and Rear Case)
Oil Capacity Approx. 30 pints (depends on angle of installation in
chassis)
Page 238
NOTES
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS
Page 239
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS
Page 240
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS
AIR PIPING DIAGRAMS
[543]
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Air Control without Compound
Neutralizing for PTO Operation
590
Figure 590 Air Control Schematic
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS
Page 241
591
Figure 591 Air Piping Diagram
Page 242
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) Air Control with Compound
Neutralizing for PTO Operation
592
Figure 592 Air Control Schematic
SCHEMATIC & ROUTING DIAGRAMS
Page 243
593
Figure 593 Air Piping Diagram
Page 244
NOTES
SPECIAL TOOLS & EQUIPMENT
Page 245
SPECIAL TOOLS & EQUIPMENT
Page 246
SPECIAL TOOLS & EQUIPMENT
SPECIAL TOOLS
Above tools are available from Kent-Moore
(except as noted):
KENT-MOORE
O.E. TOOL AND EQUIPMENT GROUP
SPX CORPORATION
28635 MOUND ROAD
WARREN, MICHIGAN 48092-3499
TEL: 1-800-328-6657
FAX: 1-800-578-7375
TOOLS
J 2619-01 Slide Hammer
J 4558-01 Bearing Puller
J 5959-01 Dial Indicator Set
J 7379 100600 lb-ft Torque Wrench
J 8092 Driver Handle
J 8176 Bearing Separator
J 21834-01 Bearing Puller
J 22912-01 Bearing Separator
J 24407 30250 lb-ft Torque Wrench
J 28506 Carrier Adapter
J 29048 Tapered Feeler Gauge
J 29369-1 Bearing Puller
J 29369-2 Bearing Puller
J 34629 Snap Ring Pliers Set
J 34630 Reverse Idler Shaft Removal Tool
J 36052 Positioning Tool
J 36053 Seal Driver
J 39477 Bar Type Puller
J 39854 Seal Driver
J 47357 Seal Inserter
J 47358 Seal Installer/Sizer
J 47359 Seal Sizer/Piston Installer
OEM4052 Internal Puller
J 07804-A Yoke and Flange Remover
9032-1800trk Air Line Quick Disconnect Fitting Tool Kit
Available through MACK Parts System
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
Page 247
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
Page 248
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
[320]
594
Figure 594 Exploded View of Main Case Shift Cover
1. 3rd/4th Shift Fork
2. 1st/2nd Shift Fork
3. Lo/Reverse Shifter
4. Shifter Body Spring (Interlock)
5. Shifter Body Plunger (Interlock)
6. Lo/Reverse Shift Fork
7. 3rd/4th Shifter
8. 3rd/4th Rocker Pin
9. Washer
10. 3rd/4th Rocker Arm
11. Bushing
12. Washer
13. Interlock Pin
14. Poppet Ball
15. Poppet Ball Spring
16. Interlock Rocker Hardware
17. Interlock Sleeve and O-Ring
18. Interlock Spring
19. 3rd/4th Rocker Pin Hardware
20. Interlock Rocker
21. Interlock Rocker Bolt
22. Pipe Plug
23. Breather
24. Interlock Pin
25. Interlock Ball
26. Lo/Reverse Shift Rail
27. 1st/2nd Shift Rail
28. Interlock Ball
29. Interlock Pin
30. Interlock Ball
31. 3rd/4th Shift Rail
32. Lo/Reverse Shifter Spring
33. Lo/Reverse Shifter Spring
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
Page 249
595
Figure 595 Cutaway View of Range Shift Interlock
Valve Assembly
596
Figure 596 Exploded View of Main Drive Pinion
597
Figure 597 Exploded View of Reverse Idler Gear
Assembly
598
Figure 598 Exploded View of Rear Countershaft
1. 4 mm Screw
2. Top Cover Seal
3. Top Cover
4. Sintered Bronze
5. Silicone Rubber O-Ring
1. Main Drive Pinion Shaft
2. Spigot Bearing
3. Snap Ring
4. Main Drive Pinion Gear
5. Spiral Snap Ring
6. Snap Ring
7. Bearing
8. Spiral Snap Ring
9. Gasket
10. Pinion Bearing Cover
11. Oil Seal
1. Thrust Washer
2. Reverse Idler Gear
3. Bearing
4. Reverse Idler Shaft
1. Front Bearing Cone
2. Reverse Speed Gear
3. Spacer
4. Main Drive Gear
5. Key
6. Rear Bearing Cone
7. Rear Countershaft
Page 250
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
599
Figure 599 Exploded View of Front Countershaft
1. Bearing Cup
2. Main Drive Gear
3. Fourth Speed Gear
4. Second Speed Gear
5. Spacer
6. First Gear
7. Bearing Cone
8. Key
9. Reverse Gear (Integral
with Countershaft)
10. Lo-Speed Gear (Integral
with Countershaft)
11. Front Countershaft
(Contains Two Integral
Gears)
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
Page 251
600
Figure 600 Exploded View of Front Mainshaft, T313T318(L)(LR)
1. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring
2. Spigot Bearing Inner Race
3. Mainshaft Snap Ring
4. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
5. Fourth (Eighth) Speed Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Gear Snap Ring
8. Gear Snap Ring
9. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
10. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
11. Second (Sixth) Speed Gear
12. Mainshaft Snap Ring
13. Sliding Clutch
14. Mainshaft Snap Ring
15. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
16. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
17. Gear Snap Ring
18. First (Fifth) Speed Gear
19. Gear Snap Ring
20. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
21. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
22. Mainshaft Snap Ring
23. Lo-Speed Gear
24. Sliding Clutch
25. Mainshaft Snap Ring
26. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
27. Reverse Gear
28. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
29. Mainshaft Snap Ring
30. Front Mainshaft
31. Mainshaft Snap Ring
32. Spacer
33. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
34. Mainshaft Rear Bearing Sleeve
35. Mainshaft Snap Ring
36. Reverse Gear
37. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
38. Mainshaft Snap Ring
39. Sliding Clutch
40. Spigot Bearing Inner Race
41. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring
Page 252
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
601
Figure 601 Exploded View of Front Mainshaft, T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
1. Spigot Bearing Inner Race Snap
Ring
2. Spigot Bearing Inner Race
3. Mainshaft Snap Ring
4. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
5. Fourth (Eighth) Speed Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Gear Snap Ring
8. Gear Snap Ring
9. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
10. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
11. Second (Sixth) Speed Gear
12. Mainshaft Snap Ring
13. Sliding Clutch
14. Mainshaft Snap Ring
15. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
16. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
17. Gear Snap Ring
18. First (Fifth) Speed Gear
19. Gear Snap Ring
20. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
21. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
22. Mainshaft Snap Ring
23. Lo-Speed Gear
24. Sliding Clutch
25. Mainshaft Snap Ring
26. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
27. Reverse Gear
28. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
29. Gear Snap Ring
30. Front Mainshaft
31. Mainshaft Snap Ring
32. Spacer
33. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
34. Mainshaft Rear Bearing Sleeve
35. Mainshaft Snap Ring
36. Reverse Gear
37. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
38. Mainshaft Snap Ring
39. Sliding Clutch
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
Page 253
602
Figure 602 Exploded View of Rear Mainshaft and Synchronizer Assembly, T313T318(L)(LR)
1. Snap Ring
2. Snap Ring
3. Main Drive Gear Bearing
4. Main Drive Gear
5. Snap Ring
6. Snap Ring
7. Spacer (Front Synchronizer Pack)
8. Friction Disc (4)
9. Reaction Disc (4)
10. 12-Point Capscrews (3)
11. Nonthreaded Insert (3)
12. Clutch Housing
13. Support Tube
14. Synchronizer Pin
15. Sliding Clutch
16. Preload Spring Assembly
A. Inner Spring
B. Outer Spring
17. Synchronizer Pin
18. Clutch Housing
19. Threaded Insert (3)
20. Reaction Disc (4)
21. Friction Disc (4)
22. Snap Ring
23. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
24. Lo-Range Gear Snap Ring
25. Lo-Range Gear Hub
26. Spigot Bearing Snap Ring
27. Rear Mainshaft Spigot Bearing
28. Rear Mainshaft
29. Rear Bearing Snap Ring
30. Lo-Range Gear
31. Mainshaft Rear Bearing
32. Rear Bearing Cover Gasket
33. Rear Bearing Cover
34. Rear Bearing Cover Seal
Page 254
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
603
Figure 603 Exploded View of Rear Output Shaft and Synchronizer Assembly, T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21)
1. Output Shaft Snap Ring
2. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
3. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
4. Main Drive Gear Snap Ring
5. Main Drive Gear
6. External-Toothed Thrust Washer
7. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
8. Output Shaft Snap Ring
9. Spacer (Front Synchronizer Pack)
10. Reaction Disc
11. Friction Disc
12. Twelve-Point Capscrew
13. Nonthreaded Insert
14. Clutch Housing
15. Synchronizer Pin
16. Sliding Clutch
17. Support Tube
18. Preload Spring
A. Inner Spring
B. Outer Spring
19. Synchronizer Pin
20. Clutch Housing
21. Threaded Insert
22. Reaction Disc
23. Friction Disc
24. Output Shaft Snap Ring
25. Internal-Toothed Thrust Washer
26. Lo-Range Gear Snap Ring
27. Lo-Range Gear Hub
28. Output Shaft
29. Lo-Range Gear
30. Bearing Cone
31. Bearing Cup
32. Gasket
33. Output Housing
34. Output Housing Capscrew
35. Collapsible Spacer
36. Bearing Cup
37. Bearing Cone
38. Output Housing Oil Seal
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
Page 255
604
Figure 604 Cutaway View of Three-Position Range
Shift Cylinder
605
Figure 605 Cutaway View of Two-Position Range Shift
Cylinder
1. Shift Fork
2. Rail
3. O-Ring
4. Shift Piston
5. O-Ring
6. Piston Sleeve
7. Shift Cylinder
8. O-Ring
9. Shift Cylinder Cover
10. Piston/Rail Nut
11. O-Ring
12. Cover Capscrew
13. O-Ring
14. Breather Vent
15. O-Ring
16. O-Ring
1. Shift Rail Seal
2. Piston Seal
3. Shift Cylinder Wiper Ring
4. Shift Cylinder Housing
5. Housing-to-Cover O-Ring
6. Cylinder Housing Cover
7. Bolt
8. Piston/Shift Rail
Assembly
9. Gasket
Page 256
DISASSEMBLED VIEWS
606
Figure 606 Exploded View of Rear Case Shift Cover
607
Figure 607 Exploded View of Rear Countershaft
Bearing Cover
608
Figure 608 Exploded View of Front Countershaft Rear
Bearing Cover
1. Cover O-Ring
2. Piston O-Ring
3. Splitter Shift Piston
4. Capscrew (10)
5. Rear Case Shift Cover
6. Gasket
7. Shift Fork Setscrew
8. Splitter Shift Fork
9. Capscrew (4)
10. Piston Cover
11. Shaft O-Ring
1. Bearing Cup
2. O-Ring
3. Shim(s)
4. Bearing Cover
1. Front Bearing Cup
2. Bearing Cover
3. Rear Bearing Cup
INDEX
Page 257
INDEX
Page 258
INDEX
A
ADVISORY LABELS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
AIR BREATHER(S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
AIR PIPING DIAGRAMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
B
BEARINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
C
CHANGING OIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
CHECKING OIL LEVEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
CONVERSION CHART. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
D
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
E
EXPLANATION OF NUMERICAL CODE . . . . . . . . . 5
F
FITS AND LIMITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
FRONT COUNTERSHAFT DISASSEMBLY. . . . . 119
FRONT COUNTERSHAFT FRONT BEARING
COVER DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
FRONT COUNTERSHAFT FRONT BEARING
COVER REASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
FRONT COUNTERSHAFT REAR BEARING
COVER DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
FRONT COUNTERSHAFT REAR BEARING
COVER REASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
FRONT COUNTERSHAFT REASSEMBLY . . . . . 134
FRONT MAINSHAFT DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . 95
FRONT MAINSHAFT REASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . 159
G
GEAR IDENTIFICATION, T313T318(21) . . . . . . 228
GEAR IDENTIFICATION, T313T318(L)(LR). . . . 230
GEAR IDENTIFICATION,
T313T318(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
GEARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
GENERAL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
GENERAL REASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS . . . . 128
GENERAL TOLERANCES,
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
GENERAL TOLERANCES, T313T318(L)(LR) . . 235
GUIDELINES FOR PTO USE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
I
INSPECTION AND CLEANING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
INSPECTION OF PARTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
L
LUBRICATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
M
MAGNETIC OIL FILTER PLUG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
MAIN CASE SHIFT COVER DISASSEMBLY . . . . . 69
MAIN CASE SHIFT COVER REASSEMBLY. . . . . 184
MAIN DRIVE PINION DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . 92
MAIN DRIVE PINION REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . 168
O
OIL SEALS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
R
RANGE SHIFT VALVE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90, 171
REAR CASE SHIFT COVER DISASSEMBLY. . . . . 84
REAR CASE SHIFT COVER REASSEMBLY . . . . 181
REAR COUNTERSHAFT BEARING COVER
DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
REAR COUNTERSHAFT BEARING COVER
REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
REAR COUNTERSHAFT DISASSEMBLY . . . . . . 123
REAR COUNTERSHAFT REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . 131
REAR MAINSHAFT BEARING COVER
DISASSEMBLY: T313T318 (L)(LR) . . . . . . . . 115
REAR MAINSHAFT BEARING COVER
REASSEMBLY: T313T318 (L)(LR). . . . . . . . . 140
REAR MAINSHAFT (OUTPUT SHAFT) AND
SYNCHRONIZER DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . 103
REAR MAINSHAFT (OUTPUT SHAFT) AND
SYNCHRONIZER REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . 145
REAR OUTPUT HOUSING DISASSEMBLY:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
REAR OUTPUT HOUSING REASSEMBLY:
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
REVERSE IDLER GEAR DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . 125
REVERSE IDLER GEAR REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . 129
S
SAFETY INFORMATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
SERVICE PROCEDURES AND TOOL USAGE . . . . 3
SHIFTER FORKS, SLIDING CLUTCHES
AND SHIFT RAILS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
SPECIAL TOOLS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
T
T313 POWER FLOW DIAGRAMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
T313 SERIES GEAR RATIOS AND SHIFT
PATTERN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
T313(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) SHIFTING
INSTRUCTIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
TRANSMISSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
INDEX
Page 259
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) AIR CONTROL
WITH COMPOUND NEUTRALIZING FOR PTO
OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .242
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) AIR CONTROL
WITHOUT COMPOUND NEUTRALIZING FOR
PTO OPERATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240
T318 POWER FLOW DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
T318 SERIES GEAR RATIOS AND SHIFT
PATTERN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21) SHIFTING
INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
THREE-POSITION RANGE SHIFT CYLINDER
DISASSEMBLY (COMPOUND
NEUTRALIZING). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
THREE-POSITION RANGE SHIFT CYLINDER
REASSEMBLY (COMPOUND
NEUTRALIZING). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .178
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS,
T313T318(21)(L21)(LR21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .226
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS,
T313T318(L)(LR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .224
TRANSMISSION COMPONENT
DISASSEMBLY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
TRANSMISSION COMPONENT
REASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLED VIEWS . . . . . 248
TRANSMISSION DISASSEMBLY
PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
TRANSMISSION IDENTIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
TRANSMISSION MAINTENANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
TRANSMISSION MAJOR COMPONENT
LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
TRANSMISSION REASSEMBLY
PROCEDURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
TRANSMISSION SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . 224
TRANSMISSION SPECIFICATIONS AND
CAPACITIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
TWO-POSITION RANGE SHIFT CYLINDER
DISASSEMBLY (COMPOUND
NON-NEUTRALIZING) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
TWO-POSITION RANGE SHIFT CYLINDER
REASSEMBLY (COMPOUND
NON-NEUTRALIZING) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
U
UNIT IDENTIFICATION STAMPING
LOCATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Page 260
NOTES
TRANSMISSIONS
T313T318(L)(LR)(21)(L21)(LR21)
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
10-123 MACK TRUCKS, INC. 2008
SERVI CE MANUAL