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COGNITIVE THEORY Group 4
COGNITIVE THEORY
Group 4
Cognitive theories arose out of Cognitive theories address a the person’s thinking about an need to
Cognitive theories arose out of
Cognitive theories address a
the
person’s thinking about an
need
to
explain
more
event or situation as having an
complex behaviors that could
effect on his or her response
not
be
explained
by
to a stimulus (behavior)
observable actions alone
AARON BECK  Founder of cognitive theory and therapy  Father of cognitive behavioral therapy
AARON BECK
Founder of
cognitive theory
and therapy
Father of
cognitive
behavioral
therapy
AARON BECK  He began his systematic research on the influence of a person’s cognitions, thoughts
AARON BECK
He began his systematic
research on the influence
of a person’s cognitions,
thoughts and beliefs on
their behavior and in the
development and
treatment of depression
This was found to improve
emotional, social and
behavioral functioning in
people with thought
disorders such as
schizophrenia
ALBERT ELLIS  Ellis developed the cognitive rational- emotive theory and therapy of behavior change 
ALBERT ELLIS
Ellis developed the
cognitive rational- emotive
theory and therapy of
behavior change
Ellis theorizes an
individual’s irrational
beliefs, attitudes, and
faulty thinking create and
maintain dysfunctional
emotional and behavioral
imbalance.
ALBERT ELLIS  Ellis’s theory assumes that an event (experience), followed by irrational beliefs about the
ALBERT ELLIS
Ellis’s theory assumes that
an event (experience),
followed by irrational
beliefs about the
experience and the
resultant consequences of
those faulty beliefs are the
cause of depression,
panic, obsessive-
compulsive disorder,
substance abuse, as well
as other mental disorders.
COGNITIVE THEORY
COGNITIVE THEORY
COGNITIVE RATIONAL-EMOTIVE THEORY
COGNITIVE RATIONAL-EMOTIVE
THEORY