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# 1

1.1
-
1. ;
2. T ;
3. , , ;
4. f Oxy;
5. f ;
6. i) ;
ii) ;
7. i) ;
ii) ;
8. ;
- -
9. :
|x| 4
x2 + 5
ii) f (x) = 2
i) f (x) =
2x 6
x +x6
x
2x 9
iii) f (x) = 3
iv) f (x) =
2
x 4x 7x + 10
|x 3| 5
10.
:

i) f (x) = x 3
ii) g(x) = x2 + 3x 4
x
iii) h(x) =
iv) K(x) = ln(2 x2 )
4 x2
11.
:
1 x2
x
i) f (x) =
ii) g(x) = ln(x 2) +
x
x

## iii) h(x) = 2x 1 + ln(5 x)

12. , x x y y.
|x| 2
i) f (x) = x2 6x 7
ii) f (x) = 2
x +1
x2 1
iii) f (x) =
iv) f (x) = ln(x 2)
x
x 5
R, A(4, 7).
13. f (x) =
x1
i) f .
1

1.
ii) .
iii) x x y y.
14. x f (x) = 2x2 x 6
x x;
15. f (x) =

x2 1
.
|x| 1

i) f .
ii) .
iii) x
y = 5;
16. f (x) = x2 1 A(x, y) f .
) x.
) d(x) x
d(x).
) 1.
17. , 20m.
x m, :
) x.
) E(x) , .
) E(x) 25m2 .
) ,
;
{
x+2
x < 1
18. f (x) = x1
2x2 x + x 1
i) f (0), f (2) f (1).
ii) f (1) = f (2) 2f (0) .
|2x2 x3 |
19. f (x) =
.
x2 4x + 4
i) f .
ii) .
iii) .
(
)
20. f (x) = ln(x 1) ln 1 x1 .
i) f .
ii) .
iii) .
x2 + x +
. y y
x2
A(0, 1) B(3, 2).

21. f (x) =

i) f .
ii) .
iii) .
iv) .
22. f (x) = 2x2 + x + , R.
A(1, 7) B(2, 4) :
i) .

1.1.

ii) f x x y y.
23. f (x) =

1
x+4
g(x) =
.
x2 16
x4

:
i) f + g
ii) f g

iii) f g

iv)

f
g

1.

1.2 -
-
1.
.
() f, g lim f (x) = l1 lim g(x) = l2 , l1 , l2
, lim (f (x)g(x)) = l1 l2

xx0

xx0

xx0

() lim x = x0 .
xx0

() lim x = x0 .
xx0

2. f A;
- -
3. :
x2 + 5x
i) lim
x2 3x + 8
5x 5
iii) lim 2
x1 x 1
4. :
6x2 11x + 5
i) lim
x1 x2 + x 2

x2 9
x3 2x 6
x2 4x 12
iv) lim
x2
5x + 10
ii) lim

x3 5x + 2
x2
x2 4

ii) lim

5. :

x1
x+12
ii) lim
i) lim
x3
x1 x 1
4x 12
x2 1

iii) lim
x1 3
8 x

x 2
iv) lim
x2 2x2 3x 2
2
x + 4x 5
x < 1
6. f (x) =
. lim f (x)
x3 1
x1
5
x + 3x4 2 x 1
2
x + 5x 14
x = 2
7. f (x) =
.
x3 1

0, 75
x = 2
x0 = 2.
3
2x 5x2 + 4x 21
x = 3
8. f (x) =
.
x2 2x 3

7
x = 3
x0 = 3.
2
3x + 14x 5
x = 5
9. f (x) =
, R.
x+5

x = 5
x0 = 5.
2
7x 18x + 8
x = 2
10. f (x) =
, R.
2x 4
2
6 + 14
x = 2
x0 = 2.
2
x 9
x < 3
11. f (x) =
.
x+3
2
x + 5x x 3
R.

1.2. -
{
4x + 1
x < 1
12. f (x) =
, R.
2
ln x + x + 5 x 1
R.
2
x + 3x 5 + 1 x < 2

x = 2 , , R.
13. f (x) = 4
2

3x
+
2

+ x + x > 2
x2
, R.

1.

1.3 -
-
1. x0 ;
2. .
() f x0 y = f (x) x, x = x0 .
()
f (x0 , f (x0 )) f (x0 ).
()
x = f (t), t0 , (t0 ) = f (t0 ).
3.
.
4. f ;
5. f (x) = c. f (x) = 0.
6. f (x) = x. f (x) = 1.
7. f (x) = x2 . f (x) = 2x.
8. f (x) F (x) = cf (x). F (x) = cf (x).
9. f (x) g(x) F (x) = f (x) + g(x).
F (x) = f (x) + g (x).
10. :
(c) = ......
(x) = ......
(x ) = ......

( x) = ......
(x) = ......
(x) = ......
(ex ) = ......
(ln x) = ......

## (cf (x)) = ......

(f (x) + g(x)) = ............
(f (x)g(x)) = .....................
(
)
f (x)
= .........................
g(x)

(f (g(x))) = ...............

- -
11. :
i) f (x) = x3 6x2 + x +
iii) f (x) = x8 52 x3 + ( + 1)x + 2
12. :
5
i) f (x) = x +
ii) f (x) = x2 ex
x

ii) f (t) = t2 + t + 1

iii) f (x) =

x1
ex

13. :
i) f (x) = x2 e1x
ii) f (x) = ln(x2 2x + 3)
x
iv) f (x) = e
iv) f (x) = ex
14. f (x) = x x , , R. : f (x) + f (x) = 0
15. f (x) =

x
.
x+1

i) .
ii) .
iii) f (0).

iv) f (x) =

ex 1
ex + 1

1.3. -

## 16. f (x) = ln(x2 + 1).

i) .
ii) .
iii) , f () = 1.
17. f (x) = e3x (x + x , x R. :
f (x) + 6f (x) + 10f (x) = 0
18. xm 2m .
x = 5m.
19. A(x, 0) , x > 0 B(0, x + 7). :
) A B,
OAB.
) x = 5
x = 2, 5.
20. (t) cm (t) = 2t + 1.
t = 4s.
21. f (x) = xex1
1.
x
22. f (x) = 2
.
x +1
f O(0, 0), xx.
23. f (x) = 3x2 11x + 8. f
xx 45.
24. f (x) = x3 3x2 + x + 1. f
y = 12x.
25. f (x) = ln(x + 1)2x + 3. f
x + y + 1 = 0.
26. f (x) = x2 + 5x2. f
x + 3y = 6.

1.

1.4
-
1. f ,
, .
2. .
() f f (x0 ) = 0 x0 (, ) , f (x) > 0 (, x0 ) f (x) < 0
(x0 , ), f (, ) x = x0 .
() f f (x) < 0
, f .
- -
3. , , :
i) f (x) = x2 8x + 3
ii) f (x) = x3 + 3x2 9x + 2
4. , , :
i) f (x) = xex
ii) f (x) = x4 2x2 + 2

1
x
5. i) f (x) = 2
ii) f (x) =
x +1
x+1
6. , , :
ex
i) f (x) = 2x + x
ii) f (x) = ln x x
iii) f (x) =
x
1
x > 0. M (x, y)
x2 + 1
f xx yy, Ox, Oy
. M ,
.

7. f f (x) =

8. 840 , 8 . 20 ,
30 . x 20 , :
) , x, ,
.
) x .
) , x
;

2.1
-
1. ;
2. ;
;
3. xi X;
4. xi X, ;
5. xi X;
6. fi xi , i = 1, 2, , k X, :
() 0 fi 1
() f1 + f2 + + fk = 1
7. xi
X;
8. ;
9. ;
10. .
() 1.
() i X ,
fi xi .
() - ( )
1.
() Ni
xi .
() Fi
xi .
() .
() ,
.
() .
() .
() ,
.
11. .
9

10

2.
() :
. (xi , i )
. (xi , fi )

. (i , fi )

. (fi , xi )

() i xi X fi :

i
100
.fi =
. fi =
. fi = i
. fi =
i

i
() x1 , x2 , , xk X, , k ,
xi i :
. 1 + 2 + + k = 100
. 1 + 2 + k = 100
. 1 + 2 + k = k
. 1 + 2 + k = k
() ai
ai :
. 3600 i
. 3600 fi
. 900 fi
. 1800 fi
- -
12. X .
i) .
ii) .

xi
1
2
4

13. , X
= 200.
.

i
9
15
6
xi
fi
1 0, 15
2
0, 2
3
4 0, 35
5 0, 06
6 0, 14

14. 30
. :
7 8 6 8 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 8 7 8
6 6 6 5 5 6 5 8 7 5 6 5 6 6 5
) ( ).
) 7 ;
) 5 ;
) .
15. :
B A A O AB A O O AB O B AB B A O O AB A O B
i) .
ii)
iii) : ) ; ) ;
iv) :
) ; ) ;
v) ;
i , i = 1, 2, 3, 4.
16. ( ) . .

i
240
450
90
20

17. 30 (
):
25 26 26 26 24 21 21 22 24 26 25 27 22 22 24
23 23 26 25 26 22 23 27 24 23 21 21 23 23 22
)
) :
i) 2300 C;
ii) 2400 C;
iii) 2400 C;

2.1.
18. :
xi
i
fi
Ni Fi fi %
1
8
0, 4
2
10
3
5 0, 25 15
4
0, 9
5
10

11

Fi %

19. X.
[ - ) xi i . fi . . . Fi %
15
20
59
50
9 13
85
13 17
95
17 21
100

200
) .
) .
) .
20. 400 .
) :

i
fi % Ni Fi %
[400, 500)
15
[500, 600)
45
[6007500)
60
[700, 800)
75
[800, 900)
70
[1000, 1100)
60
[1100, 1200)
50
[400, 500)
25
400
) :

i)
ii)
iii)

21. 150 ,
(0Km/h)
100Km/h. .
) ,
.
)
.
) .
)
21sec 100Km/h;

sec
10 12
12 14
14 16
16 18
18 20
20 22
22 24
24 26

3
21
54
39
15
9
6
3

12

2.

2.2
-
1. xi , fi x
, :
x
=

x i fi

i=1

2. ;
3. ;
4. ;
; .
5. ;
6. ;
7. .
() () 50%
50% .
() cm cm.
() 10%.
() CV .
() .
() .
8. .
() X t1 , t2 , , t . x

1
1
1 2
1 2
. 2
ti
.
ti
. 2
ti
.
t
i=1
i=1
i=1
i=1 i
() , :
. 2
. 3
. 4
. 6
() 15 3.
9 21 :
. 34%
. 68%
. 95%
. 47, 5%
() 40 5.
35 50 :
. 47, 5%
. 68%
. 81, 5%
. 34%
- -
9. 25 172cm.
:
) 176cm;
) 168cm 170cm;
) 180cm 174cm ;
10. 5 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5 . , .
50 :

1 2 3 4 5
x 11 y 8 9
2, 7 x y.

2.2.

13
. x=15 , y=7

## 11. 10 14 14, 75.

15, 5 , .
. 13,7

12. 150 . :
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

1
2
4
6
9 13 18 22 35 30 10
) .
) .
) .

[0, 4)
[4, 8)
[8, 12)
[12, 16)
[16, 20]

13. 22 .
:
)
)

i
3
5
6
6
2

14. X .
.
)

xi
fi

1
0, 12

2
0, 2

3
0, 18

4
0, 3

xi
fi

0
0, 15

2
0, 12

3
0, 1

6
0, 12

5
0, 2
7
0, 08

.
8
0, 2

10
0, 13

11
0, 1

15. :
i xi i xi x
(xi x
)2 i (xi x
)2
[4, 6)
7
[6, 8)
13
[8, 10)
17
[10, 12)
18
[12, 14)
29
[14, 16)
11
[16, 18]
5

) .
) , , .
) .
16. 70 :
xi i x2i xi i x2i i
[30, 35)
8
[35, 40)
10
[40, 45)
16
[45, 50)
15
[50, 55)
10
[55, 60)
8
[60, 65]

) .
) , , .
) .
17. 30 :

14

2.
74
57

52
59

67
72

68
79

71
64

76
63

86
70

81
74

73
77

68
79

64
65

75
68

71
76

57
83

67
61

) 6 .
) .
) 77 ;
77 ;
.
18. . t1 , t2 , , t x

, t1 = t2 = = t = x
.
19. 5. 13 , 6.
.
. 7

20. 25 10, 2 2, 1.

xi ,

x2i .

. 255 , 2711,25

21. , , 8, 5, 7 6 2. , > .
[. = 6 , = 4]

22. . 45Kg
75Kg .
i) , .
ii) .
[. i)
x = = 60Kg , R 30Kg ii)]

23. X .
) x
= 2, 25 , .
) .

24. X .
.
i) x
= 1, 8 , .
ii) .

xi
1
2
4
5
xi
0
1
2
3
4
5

i
4
5
1
i
3
4
1
1
15

25. . x

s. 2 .
i) ;
2CV2
.
ii) x
=
CV1 CV2
26. 4 , , , 10% , 20% , 30% , 40%
5, 4, 3, 2 .
i) , , , .
ii) .
iii) 10%
0, 3 CV .
[. i)
x = 3 , CV = 33, 3% ii) 7 iii)30%]

2.2.

15

xi
,

, R =
0. y sy x
x

X.

27. X x1 , x2 , , Xk Y yi =

## 28. 50% 44 16% 35.

) .
) 54 26 35, .
) 62; ) .
) 10%, x
, s CV ;
29. .
x
s. 95% 4, 6 5, 4 .
) , .
) 4, 8 5, 6 ;
) 4, 4m 5, 6m. 50000 140 ,
.
30. 1400
5%.
) .

## ) x1 , x2 , , x i=1 x2i = 98245 105 ,

.
) ,
1470 .
31. xi X s2 . :
s2 = 0 xi = x
,

1i

32. x
xi X , :
1 (x1 x
) + 2 (x2 x
) + . . . + k (xk x
) = 0
33. x1 , x2 , , xk X 0
1. :
1 (x21 1) + 2 (x22 1) + . . . + k (x2k 1) = 0
34. X Y xi yi (1 i ).
yi = x2i + xi + . :
y = x2 + x
+ =
x2 + x
+ + s2x
35. c :
) x
=
) s2 =

1
(xi c) + c
i=1

1
(xi c)2 (c x
)2
i=1

1
(xi c)2 s2
i=1

)
36. : s2 =

k
1
i xi (xi x
)
i=1

16

2.

37. , xi X yi Y .
xi + yi Z, :
s2z = s2x + s2y +

2
(xi x
)(yi y)
i=1

38. : s2 = x
.
39. t1 , t2 , ..., t . : g(x) =
2
2
2
(t1 x) + (t2 x) + ... + (t x) , x R, x = 2, 8.
) .
) : g (0) = 4.
) t1 , t2 , ..., t .

)
ti = 48, .
i=1

## 40. x1 , x2 , ..., x11 :

7, 5, , 2, 5, , 8, 6, , 5, 3,
, , < < . ,
x
= 6 , = 6 R = 8 .
) , , , 2 + 2 + 2 = 217.
) , , ,
, 58
Sx =
.
11
) y1 , y2 , ..., y11 x1 , x2 , ..., x11
c1 c2 . y = 9 sy = 2sx ,
c1 c2 .

3.1 -
3.1.1

1. ;
2. ;
3. ;
4. ;
5. ;
6. A B ;
;

17

18

3.

3.1.2

A
A

AB

AB

A B

A, B

AB

A B

A B
A, B

A B = A B

B
A

A B
A
B

B A = B A

A
B

B A
B
A

(A B) (B A)

B
A A
B

(A B) (B A) A
B

(A B) = A B

A B

(A B) A , B

(A B) = A B

A B

(A B) A B

Venn

3.2.

19

3.2
-
1. .
2. .
3. . :
() P () = 1
() P () = 0
() A 0 P (A) 1
4. .
5. A B :
P (A B) = P (A) + P (B)
6. A A :
P (A ) = 1 P (A)
7. A B :
P (A B) = P (A) + P (B) P (A B)
8. A , B A B, P (A) P (B)
9. A B
P (A B) = P (A) P (A B)
- -
10. .
.
) .
) ;
. )1/3

11. . .
1, 2, 5 . 2.
, . 150 ,
) 5.
) .
. )25 ) 100

1
1
8
, P (B) = P (A B) = ,
12. A, B P (A) =
15
3
5
:
A B , A , B , A B , A B , A B , A B , (A B) (B A) , A B
13. = {1 , 2 , 3 } P (1 ) = 43 , P (2 ) = 2
P (1 ), P (2 ), P (3 )

7
2

, .

1 1 1
4, 2, 4

20

3.

14. A :
[P (A)]2 + [P (A)]2 = 1
. A .
15. 24 14 . 4,
3 . ,
.
.

11
24

.
:
) .
) .
. )2% )62%

, 26% .
.
. 10%

. .
;
. 75%

19. :
4%. 6%.
2%.
. :
i) .
ii) .
. i)8% ii)6%

## 20. 50% , 35% 77%

. :
i) .
ii) .
iii) .
. i)8% ii)23% iii)42%

21. , 14 ,
1
31 12
.
:
) .
) .
) .
) .
. ) ) ) )

3.2.
22. A, B P (A) =
) P (A B) 0, 75
1
3
) P (A B) .
8
8
23. A, B P (A) =
) A, B .
1
) : P (A B) .
3

21
3
3
, P (B) = , :
4
8

1
2
, P (B) = .
3
2

1
3
24. A, B P (A) =
, P (A B) = , :
2
4
1
3
P (B) .
4
4
25. = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}. A, B :
A = {x /0 ln(x 1) < ln 3}
B = {x /(x2 5x)(x 1) = 6(x 1)}
) P (A B) P (B A ).
) P (A) = 14 , P (A B ).
) P (A) = 14 P (B A) = 18 , P (X),
X A X = B.

2012
:
1. f, g \ ,

4.

37 .

( f ( x) + g ( x) ) = f ( x) + g ( x) , x \ .

( 5)

( 7)
2.

.
( 4)
3.

, x > 0 ,
x < 0;

. 3,

3
2 +1
2+ 2
+1

( 4)
4. -

2 + 1

.
) f x0 -

y = f (x) x, x = x0.

) ,

, ()>().

) , -

..
) lim x = x0 , x0 \ .
x x0

( 10)
:

( )
[5,45)
.

.

1. -

, .
( 4)
2.
, = 8 ( 3) -

( 5).
xi i
fi% Ni Fi%
()
[5 , )
+4
[ , )
3 6
[ , )
2+8
[ , 45)
2

( 8)
3. x s

.
( : 84  9,17)
( 8)

+1

lim

x1

x2 + 3 2

x +x
2

1.

.
( 7)
2. =3.
( 6)
3.

.
( 6)
4.

32,
.
( 6)
:

2
f (x) = 1 + ln x

, x >0.

1. f .
( 5)
2. (x, f (x)) , x > 0 -

f.
yy x (x,0) xx y (0, f (x)).
, , .
( 7)
3. : y = x+ , 10 , -

f (1, f (1)).
(xi , yi) , i = 1, 2, , 10 , xi x = 10
sx = 2. yi .

( 8)
4.

,
,
f (P(A)) + f (P(A B)) 2 f (P(A B))

( 5)

2011
:
1.

: () = () ().
( 7)
2. ,

;
( 4)
3. fi

xi .

( 4)

4. -

.
) -

.
)

, R  6 x .

, ,

. fi%
:
(8,0)
(10,10)
(12,20)
(14, y)
E(16, y) (18,10)
(20,0)
y , y .
1. ,

14200
.
( 7)
2.

fi%.

( 3)
3.

fi%
.

( 7)
4.

( f ( g ( x ) ) = f ( g ( x ) ) g ( x )
)

.
) ,

10%.
( 10)

, .
.

15000 .
.
( 4)
5.

80.

4 .
( 4)

() = 1 , () =
4

4 () = 5 + 7 ,
2

## \ . () 64 < () < 72,

1. () = 68.
( 6)
2. .
( 8)
3. , -

.
( 6)
4. .

.
( 5)

:
1 2 11 2
x x x +

f (x) = e 3 10 5 , x \ .
1. f .
( 8)
2. ,

() , ()
f ( ) , () , ( ) , ().

( 8)
1 3 x2
1
x
x
5 2
3

3. h(x) = e
) f (x) = h(x)

, x \ .

( 3)
) x1 < x2 < x3

i = 2xi + 1 , i = 1, 2, 3 xi .

( 6)

2010
:
1. t1 , t2 , , t -

,
x .
t1 x , t2 x , , t x .
.

, , 160 ,
5 , :

( 7)

[0 - ]
[ - ]
[ - ]
[ - ]
[ - ]

2. x1 , x2 , , x

w1 , w2 ,
, w (),
.

( 4)
3. .

.
( 4)
4. -

.
) f , g x0 -

,
lim ( f ( x) g ( x) ) = lim f ( x) lim g ( x)
x x0

x x0

) x > 0

( x ) =

i
20
40
45
30
25
160

1. c

4.
( 6)
2. -

,
x s.
( 8)
3. .
( 5)
4. ,

:
7 14
( 6)

x x0

1
.
x

x = f (t), t0
(t0) = f (t0 ) .
) f

## , x1 , x2 x1 < x2 f (x1) < f (x2).

)

.
( 10)

f (x) = 2 x 2 x + 1 1 , x \ .

x1

xi

. lim

f ( x) 1
.
x 1

k

k
xi vi

s 2 = 1 xi2 vi i =1

v i =1
v

,
() , ()
2
1
f ( x) = ln ( x P ( A) ) ( x P( A) ) + P ( B ) , x > P(A)
2
1. f
.
( 13)
2. f
x0 = 5 f (x0) = 0, :
3
() = 2 () = 1 .
3
2
( 2)

2
( 10)

. -

f x0 = 0.

( 10)

. -

xx.

( ) = 5 , :

6
3.

, .
( 5)
4.

, .
( 5)

( 5)

2009

1:
.

( ) = () + ()
( 10)
. x1 , x2 , , x

( ), fi xi , i = 1, 2, ,
.
( 5)

. -

3:

f (x) = x3 6x2 + x 7 ,
,
2 f ( x) + f ( x) + 15 = 3x2 , x \
. = 9.
f ( x )
. lim 2
x1 x 1

( 7)

( 8)
.

f,
y = 3x.
( 10)

.
. f , g

( f ( x) g ( x) ) =

4:

f ( x) g ( x) + f ( x) g ( x)
( 2)

. , -

,
=
( 2)
. f (x) = x

( x ) = x
( 2)
. -

.
( 2)
.

.
( 2)

2:

xi, i = 1, 2, 3, 4
i, i = 1, 2, 3, 4.
2 x2 = 3 . x = 4.
xi i
2 6
3 ;
5 3
8 4
. 2 = 7.

( 9)
. -

4,9.
( 9)
.

.
4,9 2, 2 .
( 7)

f (x) = lnx

x
+ 2 6 + 2 , x > 0
2

.
. . f

f
.
( 6)
. f .
( 6)
. f (2) , f (4) ,

## f (8) , f (3) f (5) ,

.
. R ,
R = 3 + ln

1
4

= ln4 + 2 6

( 7)
. = {1, 2, 3, , 100}

.
,
= { / R + < 2}
( 6)

2008

1:
. -

f (x) = c ( x )
0, ( c ) = 0.
( 8)
.

, x > 0 ,
x < 0;
( 7)
. -

.
. , -

,
( ) = () + () ( )

.
( 2)
.

t1 , t2 , , t
.
( 2)
. x > 0,

( x ) =

1 .
2 x

3:

5 .
( )
:

20
26
26
32
24
19
22
20
18
23
.

.
( 5)
. 38

40 , ; ( ).
( 5)
. S S -

( 7)
.

.
11 3,3.
( 8)

( 2)
. x0

lim x = x0 .
x x0

( 2)
. -

,
.
( 2)

4:

50%
, 30%
.
. , ,
;
( 7)
.

: , .

2:

f (x) = x x 1 , x e

.
. lim
x1

e x f ( x)
.
x 2 1

( 7)
x
. e f ( x ) = 2 x.

( 9)
. f (x).
( 9)

1 () 7 .
5
10
( 9)

.
f (x) = x3 1 x2 + ().x
2

x
.
f (x) .
( 9)

2007

1:
.

( ) = () ( ).
( 8)
. ) f

x0 ;
)

( 4)

()
, .
( 3)

.1. -

.
.

, Fi xi.

3:

= {1,0,1,2,3,4,5}
(1) = (0) = (1) = (2) = 2(3) = 2(4) = 2(5).
:
= {1 , 3 , x2x3} , B = {2 , x+1 , 2x2+x2 , 2x+1} x .
.
, (1) , (0) , (1) , (2) , (3) , (4) , (5).
( 7)
. x

= {1,3}.

( 8)
. x = 1 :
() = 5 , () = 7 , ( ) = 3
11
11
11

() ( ).
( 10)

( 2)

f , g ,
:
( f ( g ( x ) ) = f ( g ( x ) ) g ( x ) .
( 2)

f f ( x0 ) = 0
x0 (, ), f ( x ) > 0 (, x0) f ( x ) < 0
(x0, ), f (, )
x = x0 .

( 2)

.2. -

:
f1 (x) = x ,
f2 (x) = lnx , x > 0
f3 (x) = x , x > 0
f4 (x) = x , x

4:

:
: 12 , 18 , t3 , t4 , , t25
B: 16 , 14 , t3 , t4 , , t25
t3 + t4 + + t25 = 345.
. x A , x B x A = x B = 15.
( 7)
. s2A s2B -

,
s2A s2B = 16 .
25

( 8)
.
CV = 1 , CV
15

.
( 10)
2:

f (x) = x.ex + 3 , x
.
. f ( x ) = f (x) + ex 3.
( 10)
f ( x ) e x
. lim
.
x 0
x2 x

( 15)

2006
1:
. f \ c

.
( c f ( x ) ) = c f ( x ) . x \ .
( 10)

3:

x (x + 4)2
.
. ,
.
x .
( 7)

. ) ,

;
( 3)
)

f
;
( 4)

100 ,
, .
( 8)

. -

.
.

f , x0 A,
f (x) f (x0) x x0.

, , ,
.

1
19

. ,

,
;
( 10)

4:

()

1 = 1 .
x
x2

x 0 :

.
( 8)

f (x) = 2x2 + x + 4 x + 10 , x 0.
. (1, f (1))
xx, = 2
.
( 5)
. -

2:

50
. , :

xi
0
1
2
3
4

i
+4
5 + 8
4
1
2
50

x = f (1)
s=

2 f (4)
. ,
13

, 8.
(10,16).

i)

( 10)
ii)

.
> 0,

,
.
( 10)

. .
( 3)

:
.

.
( 7)
. -

.
( 7)
. -

3 .
( 8)

2005
1:
.

:
( ) = () + () ( ).

3:

, :
(i)

( 10)

, 7 .
8

. ) ;

(ii)

( 3)
)

;
( 4)

(), ( )
= { , 1 , 5 }, = lim
2 4

x5

. .
( 5)

. -

.
.

f f ( x ) > 0
, f .
f ( x ) f ( x ) g ( x ) + f ( x ) g ( x )

f, g =
2

( g ( x))

g ( x)

3x 15 .
x2 6x + 5

. (), ( )

.
( 8)
. :
(1) .

( 6)
(2) .
( 6)

.
.

() > ().
( 8)

4:

f f (x) = 1 , x (0,+ ).

x
. f

(1,1).

2:

i:

( 7)
. (x, y)

f xx
yy, x, Oy
. ,
.
( 10)
. -

xi

.
i

() x = 5
sx = 2.
y sy
.
( 8)

.
.
fi

.
.
i

.
.
. Fi

[4,8)
[8,12)
[12,16)
[16,20)

( 11)
. .
( 8)
. 10;
( 6)

2004

1:
. -

f (x) = c 0.
( 8)
. f

x0 .

.
. xi X

. 95%

( x s, x +s), x
s .
. i X

,
fi xi.

( 6)

. . I -

II .
I
II
.
, .
. .
. .
II .
.

200 , 5 45 . :

( 5)

. -

3:

II

2.

3.

( A B )

4.

1.

( 6)

xi

[5,15)
[15,25)
[25,35)
[35,45)

vi
.

fi %

Ni

..

Fi %

60
68
180
200

.
( 10)
. (xi, fi %)

( 5)
. x .
( 6)
. -

25 .
( 5)

4:

## f f (x) = 2x3 5 x2 + x + 10.

2

() ()
x,
f .
. () = 1 () = 1 .
2
3
( 9)
B. (), ()
( ) = 2 , :
3

2:
2
f f (x) = x 4 x + 3 .

x 3

. f.
( 10)
. lim f (x)
x 3

( 15)

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

( )
()
[( )]
[() ()]

( 16)

2003

1:
. f (x) = x

f ( x ) = 1.

( 8)
. f

3:

f (x) =

x .
x 2 1

.
:
. \
. (1,1)
. \ { 1,1}
. (1,+ )
( 5)

( 6)
. ()

. f ( x ) <0 x -

.
( 7)

( 6)
. -

.
.

( f ( g ( x ) ) ) =

x 1

( 6)
.

. .

## lim [(x+1).f (x)]

f (0, f (0))
xx.
( 7)

f ( g ( x ) ) g ( x )

f, g .
. -

, = .

.
( 5)

4:

, ,
( ) ( ) .

1
8
9
5
3
4

7
14
6
4
12
5

2:

## 55% , 40% 30%

.
.
:

. -

.
( 6)

.
( 5)
.
( 5)
.
( 7)
.
( 8)

.
( 5)
.

20%
5 ,
;
( 8)
.

.
( 6)

2002

1:
. x1, x2, ,x -

3:

X
, , .

10
, :
8 , 10 , 13 , 13 , 15 , 16 , 18 , 14 , 14 , 9

. i ,

. , -

xi , i = 1, 2, , ;

( 3)

. fi , xi ,

i = 1, 2, , ;

( 6)
. ,

( 3)
. :
i) 0 fi 1 i = 1, 2, ,
ii) f1 + f2 + + f = 1

( 6)
. 10%

.
( 13)
( 4)

.1.

, :
( ) = () + ()
( 8)
.2. . -

.
( 5)
. -

:
i) ()

4:

,
() + () 2( ).
:
f (x) = ( x P ( A B ) ) ( x P ( A B ) ) , x \ .
3

. : ( ) ( )
( 5)

ii) ( )
( 2)

2:

.
P ( A) + P ( B )
x =
2
( 13)
. , ,

f (x) = 2 x .

: f (P(A)) = f (P(B)).

x +1

( 7)

. f.
( 4)
. lim f (x).
x3

( 4)
. f.
( 7)
. -

f
y = 2x+5.
( 10)

2001
1:
.1

:
() = () ( )
( 8,5)

.2

, ( = , , ) :
. () . . . 1 ()
( 2)

. ()()
( 2)

.1 -

.
.
.

() + () < 1

45 55
55 65
65 75
75 85

0,2
0,5

, .
( 8)

.
.
65 .
( 4)

, () = 1 () = 5 ( )
4
12
:
5
12

Fi

( 9)

.2

[ )

. 80
( 4)

1
4

80
. 4
.

. .

. () = () 2() = ()

3:

2
3

. -

55 75
.

1
6

( 4)
( 2,5)

.3

,
.
() = 1/3 , () = 1/4
( ) = 1/5

. ()
. (())
. (( ))

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1/20
2/15
4/5
1/12
19/20

4:

, , 50% 12 , 16% 10 .

.
.

.
( 6)
( 6)

. , .
( 6)

. 4000 ,

14 16 ;
( 6)

2:

. , ,

f (x) = x + x.

5 . CV.

. f (x) + f ( x ) = 0.
( 8)

f (0,1).
( 8)

. R :
f ( ) 2.f ( ) = 2 .
2
2
( 9)

( 7)

2000
1:
. ) F(x) = f (x) + g(x). -

3:

f, g , :
F ( x ) = f ( x ) + g ( x ) .
( 8)

) -

:
cf (x) ,

f (x)g(x) ,

f ( x)
g ( x)

g(x) 0 ,

120 , 24
, 20

12 . . :
. -

c .

( 8)

( 4,5)

. )

x +3
x + x
xx
x3 4x2

.
.
.
.

. ;
( 8)
. ;
( 9)

1 x
3x2 8x
2x + 3
x xx
2x
3x2 4x
x + xx

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

4:

100 .
:
( 8)

.
:
x
f (x) = e , x 0 :
x
x
e
xe x
ex x + ex
. e x
.
.
2
x
x2
xe x e x
ex x ex
.
.
2
x
x

[ )

fi %

0 5
5 10
10 15
15 20
20 25
25 30
30 35

10
15
12
15
18
18
12

A. 15 -

( 4,5)

( 5)

. -

, 35 :
)
12,5 ;
.

2:
.

( 10)

xi

vi

1
2
3

10

fi

fi %

Ni

)
xivi
10

35
=50

xi

xi vi

1
4
9

10

100
( 16)

. .
. s2 = 0,49.

( 4)

k

k
xi vi

s 2 = 1 xi2vi i=1

v i=1
v

( 5)

,

;
.
( 10)