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2

Venn.
[ .
[ .
[ : , ,

Venn.
[ y = x, y = x + .
[ .
[
f(x).
[ f x.
[ .
[ (x, y)
,
1 3 .
[ .
[ , .
[
.
[ y = x, y = x + .
[ .

50.

) ,

: = =

) 1 3 ,

.
= = .

72. 1
A(x1y 1 ) B(x 2 y 2 )
. () ,
.
:
.
:
()2 =()2 + ()2 (1)
: ( ) 2 = () 2 = x 2 - x1

(BK)2 = (EZ)2 = y 2 - y1
(2)

(2)

(3)
2

( ) 2 = x 2 - x 1 + y 2 y1
: (1)
(3)

( ) =

(x 2 x1 )2 + (y 2 y1 )2

(4)

51.

78. 2
1 : y = 1 x + 1 , 2 : y = 2 x + 2 . :
) 1 // 2 1 = 2
) 1 2 1 2 = 1
:
) 1// 2 1 = 2 1 = 2 1 = 2

) 1 2 y = 1x y = 2 x .
A(1, 1 )
y = 1x (1, 2 ) y = 2 x .
,
,
, :
2
2
()2 + () 2 = ()2 1 + 12 + 2 + 12 =
2
2
= (1 2 ) 2 + (1 1) 2 1 + 1 + 2 + 1 =
2
2
= 1 + 2 21 2 2 = 21 2 1 2 = 1
. , 1 2 = -1 ,
y = 1x y = 2 x .
, y = 1x + 1 y = 2 x + 2
y = 1x y = 2 x , :
y = 1x + 1 y = 2 x + 2 1 2 = -1

52.


""

2
1

:

. 62:

1, 5, 7

. 67-68:

5, 6, 7, 8

. 72-73:

2, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11

. 77-78:

3, 6

1, 5

:


:

177,180,182,192,196

3
2
1

1.

53.

f ( x ) = 2x + x .

i. f x = 1 f x = 2 7, .
ii. ( y) : f ( 3) 2y f (1) + 15 > 0 .
iii. f.
:
i. :
:

f (1) = 2f (2) 7 2 + = 2(4 + ) 7 2 + = 8 + 2 7 1 =


f (x) = 2x + 1, x

ii. f (3) 2y f (1) + 15 > 0 5 2y 3 + 15 > 0


5 2y 3 > 15 2y 3 < 3 3 < 2y 3 < 3 0 < 2y < 6 0 < y < 3

iii. f y = 2x + 1
x x :
(0,1) y y
1
B ,0
2

2. :

f (x) =

2x 3 16
6 2 x 1 +1

i. .

f (3) + f ( 1)
= 2 1
20
iii. , Cf f
ii. :

54.

xx yy , ().
iv. () , .
:
6 2 x 1 > 0

i. :

2 x 1 > 6
x 1 < 3
3 < x 1 < 3
2 < x < 4
f (2,4)

ii. :

f (3) =

2 33 16

f ( 1) =

6 4 +1

2 ( 1)3 16
6 4 +1

f (3) + f ( 1) =

38
2 +1
=

20
2 +1

18
2 +1

20 ( 2 1)

2 + 1)( 2 1)

= 20 ( 2 1)

f (3) + f ( 1) 20 ( 2 1)
=
= 2 1
20
20
iii. yy:
:

f (0) =

16
4 +1

16
16

, C f yy B 0, .
3
3

xx:
: f (x) = 0 2x 3 16 = 0 x 3 = 8 x = 3 8 = 2
C f xx (2,0).
2

16
256
292

: ( AB) = (2 0) + 0
=
= 4+
3
9
3

iv. y = x + () , :
16
16

0, () = ,
3
3

(2,0) () 0 = 2 + 2 =

16
8
=
3
3

55.

8
16
y = x .
3
3

3.

M (6 2 5 + 1, 2 ) .

i. yy .
ii. , ,
f (x) = x 2 4x + 4 + x
yy .
iii. , , f
xx.
:
i. M (6 2 5 + 1, 2 ) yy, ,
6 2 5 + 1 = 0 =

ii. =

5 1
1
1
( 5) 1
=
=
=
26
12
2
3

1
(0,1) f, :
2
f (0) = 1 4 + = 1 2 + = 1 = 1

f (x) = x2 4x + 4 1
f (x) = (x 2)2 1

f (x) = x 2 1, x
iii. : f (x) = 0 x 2 1 = 0 x 2 = 1
x 2 = 1 x 2 = 1
x =3
x =1
C f xx (3,0) (1,0).

4.

() : y = 2 1 x + 3
() : y = 3x + 2

i. , .
ii.

56.

() (): y = 2x + 5 .
iii.

f (x) = x 2 2 x + x , .
iv.
() f
yy.
:
i.  2 1 = 3 2 1 = 3 2 1 = 3

2 = 4
=2

2 = 2
= 1

ii. = 2 () y = 3x + 6 : 3x + 6 = 2x + 5 x = 1 y = 3 (), ()
A(1,3).
iii. A(1,3) f :
f (1) = 3 1 + 2 + = 3 2 + 2 = 0
=

1 9
1 3
=
= 1 = 2
2 1
2

iv. = 2 f(x) = x2 4x 2 f (0) = 2 . C f


yy B(0, 2) , ( AB) = ( 1 0)2 + (3 ( 2) ) = 26 .
2

5. i.

A(1,2) B(1,1).
() .

ii. () : y = ( 2 + 3 6) x + 2 + 1 () .
iii.
(), ()
iv. (), ().
:
i. y = x + () (1, 2) () 2 = + ,
(1,1) () 1 = + .

= 2
+ = 2
2 = 3

+ = 1 = 2
= 1

() y =
ii. :

57.

1
3
x+ .
2
2

( 2 + 3 6 ) 1 = 1 2 + 3 6 = 2
2

2 + 3 4 = 0 =

3 25

2 1

= 1 = 4
iii. = 1 () y = 2x + 3 :

1
3
3
9
2x + 3 = x + 4x + 6 = x + 3 5x = 3 x = . T y =
2
2
5
5
y
A

3 9
, K , .
5 5

B
x

-1 0

1
y

6.

f (x) = x 2 2x + 1 + x 2 + 4x + 4 x
i. f .
ii. .
:
i. : f (x) = (x 1)2 + (x + 2)2

f (x) = x 1 + x + 2
:
x 1, x 1 0 x 1
x 1 =
x + 1, x 1 0 x 1

58.

x + 2, x + 2 0 x 2
x+2 =
x 2, x + 2 0 x 2
:
x
2
1

x 1

x + 1

x + 1

x 1

x+2

x 2

x +2

x +2

f (x) x + 1 x 2 = x + 1 + x + 2 = 3

x 1 + x + 2 =
2x + 1

2x 1
2x 1 x 2

2 x 1
f (x) = 3
2x + 1 x 1

ii. f :
1. y = 2x 1, x 2
A( 2,3) ,
B( 3,5) .

2. y = 3, 2 x 1

A( 2,3) (1,3) .
3. y = 2x + 1, x 1 (1,3) .
2x 3 + x 6
() : y = 2x 3
x2 + x + 1
i. f

7.

f (x) =

ii. () f C f
iii. () ()
C f .
:
i. x2 + x + 1 = 0 = 36 < 0 ,
f .

ii. :

59.

2x 3 + x 6
= 2x 3
x2 + x + 1

2x 3 + x 6 = (2x 3)(x 2 + x + 1)
2x 3 + x 6 = 2x 3 + 2x 2 + 2x 3x 2 3x 3
x 2 + 2x 3 = 0 x =

x=

2 16

2 4
x = 1 x = 3 ,
2

() C f : (1,1) (3,9).
iii. y = x + :
2 = 1 =

1
2

A(1, 1) () 1 = + = 1 =

1
2

1
1
() y = x
2
2

8. A(1,3), B(2,3) (1, 5)


i. , , .
ii. xx , .
:
i. y = x + () , :

A(1,3) () 3 = +
(2, 3) () 3 = 2 +
:

+ = 3
2 + 2 = 6
= 1

2 + = 3 2 + = 3 = 2

() y = 2x + 1 .
,, ( 1,5) ():
5 = 2( 1) + 1 4 = 2 2 6 = 2 = 3 , (2,5)

60.

ii. (,0) xx :
() = () ( 1) 2 + (3) 2 = ( 2) 2 + (5) 2

( 1)2 + 9 = ( 2)2 + 25 2 2 + 1 + 9 = 2 4 + 4 + 25
2 = 19 =

19
19
,0
2
2

9.

x 2 2x 1 = 0 1, 2

1 : 2y = ( 12 + 22 ) x + 20 2 : y = (( 1) 2 + 2 1 ) x + 6
i. 1, 2 , .
ii. 2 .
:
i. 1 + 2 =

1
2
= 2
1 2 =
1
1

O: 12 + 22 = (1 + 2 ) 21 2 = 22 2( 1) = 4 + 2 = 6
2

2y = 6x + 20 y = 3x + 10 1 .
2

1  2 ( 1) 2 + 2 1 = 3 1 + 2 1 3 = 0
y = 1 y2 + 2y 3 = 0
: y 2 + 2y 3 = 0 y =
1 = 1

2 16
2 4
y=
y = 1 y = 3
2
2

1 = 3 ,

1 = 1 1 = 1 1 = 1 = 2 = 0
ii. 2 y = 3x + 6
x = 0 y = 6, yy (0,6)
y = 0 x = 2, xx (-2,0)

1
, E (OAB) = (OB)(OA)
2
1
E (OAB) = 2 6 = 6 ..
2

10.

1 : 2y = ( 1)x + , 2 :

61.

xy x+y

=1
2
3

:
i. 1, 2 .
ii. 1 2 .
iii. 1 || 2 .
iv. 1  xx .
v. 1 .
7

vi. 2 3, 2.
5

vii. 2 .
viii. 1, 2 .
:

i. 1 y =

1 =

x +
2
2

1
2

2 :

xy x+y

= 1 3(x y) 2(x + y) = 6 3x 3y 2x 2y = 6
2
3
1
6
5y = x + 6 y = x
5
5
2 =

1
.
5

ii. 1 2

1 1
1
= 1
= 1 1 = 10 = 9
2 5
10

iii. 1  2

1 1
7
= 5 5 = 2 5 = 7 =
2
5
5

iv. 1  x x 1 = 0

1
= 0 1 = 0 = 1
2

v. 1 (0,0) 0 =

0 + = 0 = 0
2
2
2

62.

7
7 1
6

vi. 2 3, 2 = ( 2 3)
5
5 5
5

7 = 2 3 6 2 = 2 = 1
6
6

2 yy 0,
5

5
y = 0 x = 6 2 xx (6,0)

vii. x = 0 y =

viii. 1 , 2 = 9 2 y = 5x
:

1
6
9
x = 5x
5
5
2
2x 12 = 50x 45
52x = 33
x=

y =

9
2

33
52

69
33 69
, K ,
.
52 52
52

11. .
:
1. y = x + x 1 A
= 45 = 1
( 1,2) A 2 = + = 3 A
y = x + 3 x 1 .
2. y = 2, 1 x 2
3. y = x + x 2
(2, 2) 2 = 2 +
(3,0) 0 = 3 +
2 + = 2
2 = 2
= 2
:

3 + = 0
3 + = 0
= 2 2 = 6

63.

y = 2x + 6 , x 2

x + 3, x 1

1 x 2 .
y = f (x) = 2,
2x + 6, x 2

12.

x + 32, x < 2

f : y = f (x) = x 2 ,
2 x 2

x > 2
x ,
(3,0), (1,1) (4,2) f ,, .

:
( 3,0) C f f ( 3) = 0 3 + 12 = 0 = 4
(1,1) C f f (1) = 1 = 1
(4, 2) Cf f (4) = 2

=2 =8
4

4x + 12, x < 2

f (x) =
x 2 , 2 x 2

, x > 2

x
f :
(I) y = 4x + 12, x < 2
( 2,4) ( 3,0)
(II) y = x 2

2 x 2

( 2,4) (2,4) .
8
, x > 2 x
(2,4) .

() y =

64.

4
3
2
1

1.

f (x) = x 2 2x + 1 + x 2 + 4x + 4 x
i. f
ii. .
:
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65.

2x 3 + x 6
() : y = 2x 3
x2 + x + 1
i. f

2.

f (x) =

ii. () f C f
iii. () ()
C f .
:
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3.

A(1,3), B(2,3) (1, 5)

i. , , .
ii. xx , .
:
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66.

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4. f(x) = |x + 1| + |x|
:
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67.

5.

(-2,-1) 2
1
(-1,-2) .
) 1, 2 .
) 1, 2
) 1, 2;
:
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68.

6. :

f(x) = ( 2) x 2

:
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5
4
3
2
1

69.

1
.1. :

i) f(x) =

1
x2 + 1

ii) f(x) =

4 - x2
x 1

iii) f(x) =

x
x x 1

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2
.1. (1, 3)
i) xx
ii) yy
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70.

3
R :
i) 1 : y = - 1 x + 1 2 : y = 2x + 3
ii) 3 : y = x + 3 4 : y = ( 2 )x + 7
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4
:y = (2 + 2)x + - 1. R
:
i)
ii) xx.
iii) 1: y - x = 2002.
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