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PEMBUATAN DAN KARAKTERISASI PAPAN PARTIKEL

DARI CAMPURAN RESIN POLYESTER


DAN SERAT AMPAS TEBU

ABSTRAK

Telah dilakukan penelitian pembuatan papan partikel dari serat ampas tebu
sebagai pengisi dengan menggunakan perekat resin Polyester sebagai pengikat.
Papan partikel dikempa dengan tekanan 69 bar (6,9 x 103 kPa) pada suhu 50oC
selama 20 menit. Tahapan penelitian dimulai dari penyiapan serat ampas tebu
(serat pendek dengan ukuran 1 cm), pencampuran serat dengan polyester, dan
pembentukan papan partikel, sampai pada pengujian. Dalam penelitian ini
digunakan perbandingan % campuran Polyester : Serat ampas tebu 30:70, 40:60,
50:50, 60:40 dan 70:30.
Pengujian yang dilakukan untuk mengetahui sifat fisis dan mekanis dari papan
partikel ini, adalah kerapatan, kadar air, pengembangan tebal, Modulus of
Rupture (MOR), Modulus of Elasticity (MOE), kuat rekat internal, dan kuat
impak.
Dari hasil pengujian ditunjukkan bahwa nilai kerapatan penelitian diperoleh 0,77
0,91 gr/cm3, nilai kadar air diperoleh 0,67 1,29 %, pengembangan tebal yaitu
3,96 11,96 %, nilai kuat patah (MOR) diperoleh 154,56 - 447,39 kgf/cm2, nilai
modulus elastic (MOE) 7630,51 17334,19 kgf/cm2, nilai kuat impak diperoleh
1,76 3,88 J/cm2 dan nilai kuat rekat internal yaitu 7,53 30,19 kgf/cm2.
Secara umum papan partikel Polyester : Serat ampas tebu telah memenuhi standar
SNI 03- 2105 2006.

Kata kunci : Polyester, serat ampas tebu, sifat fisis, sifat mekanis, papan partikel.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

PARTICLE BOARD FABRICATION AND


CHARACTERIZATION OF MIXED POLYESTER RESIN
AND FIBER BAGASSE

ABSTRACT

The research has been done making particle board from bagasse fiber as filler by
using polyester resin adhesive as a binder. Particle board is compressed with a
pressure of 69 bar (6,9 x 103 kPa) at temperature of 50oC for 20 minutes.
Stages of research starts from the preparation of bagasse fiber (short fibers with a
size 1 cm), mixing fibers with the polyester, and making of particle board, to the
test. This research used a mixture ratio % polyester : fiber bagasse 30:70, 40:60,
50:50, 60:40 and 70:30.
Test conducted to determine the physical and mechanical properties of this
particle board, were the density, moisture content, Thickness Swelling, Modulus
of Rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), internal adhesive strength, and
strong impact.
The results indicated that the density values was obtained from 0.77 to 0.91
gr/cm3, moisture content value is obtained from 0.67 to 1.29%, the Thickness
Swelling 3.96 to 11.96 %, the value of fracture strength (MOR) obtained from
154.56 to 447.39 kgf/cm2 , elastic modulus (MOE) 7630.51 to 17334.19 kgf/cm2,
strong value impact is obtained from 1.76 to 3.88 J/cm2, and strong value of the
internal
adhesive
is
7.53
to
30.19
kgf/cm2.
In general, particle board Polyester: bagasse fiber meets the standards of SNI
03-2105 - 2006.

Keyword : Polyester, bagasse fiber, physical properties, mechanical properties,


particle board

Universitas Sumatera Utara