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Worksheet 4.

Gas calculations
NAME:

CLASS:

INTRODUCTION
This worksheet provides practice in the use of the following gas relationships.
Boyles law: PV = k where k is a constant
Charles law: V = kT
Avogadros law: V = kn
The ideal (or general) gas equation: PV = nRT
where R = 8.31 J K1 mol1 and units used are P in kPa, V in dm3, T in K, n in mol
P1V1
P2V2
The combined gas law:
=
T1
T2
No.

Question

Explain why pressure will


increase in a constant volume
container if the gas is heated.

Under what conditions of


temperature and pressure do real
gases deviate most from ideal
behaviour?

1.99 g of a gas occupies 600 cm3


at 500 kPa pressure. What would
its volume be if the pressure is
doubled at constant temperature?

2.5 g of a gas initially occupying a


volume of 600 cm3, at 260 K, is
heated to 325 K at constant
pressure. What would its new
volume be?

A sample of neon occupies


78.0 dm3 at 13C and 80.0 kPa.
If the sample is heated to 130C
and the volume drops to
10.0 dm3, what will the new
pressure be?

Answer

Page 1
Pearson Education Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) 2008.
This page from the Chemistry: For use with the IB Diploma Programme SL Teachers Resource may be reproduced for classroom use.

Worksheet 4.5

Gas calculations
No.

Question

3.0 g of carbon dioxide occupies


687 cm3 at 143.8 kPa. What
volume does it occupy at a
pressure of 199 kPa, assuming
temperature is constant?

A sample of helium at 25C in a


sealed container has a pressure of
100 kPa. The container is
immersed in a liquid nitrogen bath
and the pressure drops to
28.0 kPa. What is the temperature
(in C) of the liquid nitrogen bath?

What volume will 62.0 g of


carbon dioxide gas occupy at a
temperature of 124C and
210 kPa?

0.778 g of one of the halogens


(group 7) was found to occupy a
volume of 122 cm3 at a pressure of
99.8 kPa and a temperature of
26C. Which halogen was it?

10

Calculate the mass of neon gas


that would occupy a volume of
13.5 dm3 at 15C and a pressure of
120 kPa.

Answer

Page 2
Pearson Education Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) 2008.
This page from the Chemistry: For use with the IB Diploma Programme SL Teachers Resource may be reproduced for classroom use.