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Worksheet 4.

4: Solutions

Massmass stoichiometry
No.

Answer

1
2

n(CH4) = 4.5 mol

10

n(CO2) = n(CH4) = 4.5 mol


2
2
n(HCl) = 8.4 mol
n(Cl2) = 4 n(HCl) = 4 8.4 = 4.2 mol
1
n(NaCl) = 500 mol n(Cl2)= 2 n(NaCl) = 250 mol
m(Cl2) = n M = 250
70.90 = 17 725
g = 17.7 kg
n(Cu) = 0.774 mol
n(Cu2+) = n(Cu) = 0.774 mol
2
2

n(NO) = 3 n(Cu) = 3 0.774 = 0.516 mol


4
4
n(H2O) = 3 n(Cu) = 3 0.774 = 1.03 mol
100
m

n(MgO) = M = 40.31 = 2.48 mol

n(MgCO3) =
n(MgO) = 2.48 mol
m(MgCO3) = n M = 2.48 84.32 = 209 g
5.49
m

n(Al) = M = 26.98 = 0.203 mol


3
n(Cu) = 2 n(Al) = 0.305 mol
m(Cu) = n M = 0.305 63.55 = 19.4 g
7.69
m
n((NH4)2SO4) = M = 132.16 = 5.82 102 mol
n(BaSO4) = n((NH4)2SO4)
m(BaSO4) = n M = 5.82 102 233.4 = 13.6 g
3.74
m
n(PCl5) = M = 208.22 = 1.80 102 mol
n(PCl3) = n(PCl5)
m(PCl3) = n M = 1.80 102 137.32 = 2.47 g
1000
m

n(H3PO4) = M = 98.00 = 10.2 mol


5
n(NO2) = 1 n(H3PO4) = 51.0 mol
3
m(NO
2) = n M = 51.0 46.01 = 2.35 10 g = 2.35 kg
100
m

n((NH4)2Cr2O7) = M = 252.1 = 0.397 mol


4
n(H2O) = 1 n((NH4)2Cr2O7) = 1.59 mol
m(H2O)
= n M = 1.59 18.02 = 28.7 g

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