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Atom Economy

Reactions:
1.

No.
of
Mole
s
Mola
r
Mas
s
Mas
s

C6H5CH2CH3
Ethyl benzene
1

C6H5CHCH2
Styrene
1

H2
Hydrogen
1

(8*12+1*10) = 106 g/mol

(8*12+1*8)=1
04 g/mol

(1*2) = 2 g/mol

1*106 = 106 g

1*104 = 104 g

1*2 = 2 g

Yield = 70%
% Atom Economy =
% Atom economy
=

mass of desired product


mass of desired product + mass of waste
products

104 g
104 g + 106 g

=
=

x Yield x
100

x 0.7 x 100

68.68 %

2.
Equation

Desired Products

Mass
(g)

Reactants

Mas
s
(g)

Atom Economy

NaOH

40

NaHCO3, H2O

102

39.22%

2 C6H5CHCH2 + 2 Cl2 +
NaOH C8H9ClO + C8H8Cl2
+ NaCl

C8H9ClO, C8H8Cl2

331.
5

C6H5CHCH2,
Cl2, NaOH

390

85%

C8H8Cl2 + Ca(CH3COO)2 +
H20 C8H9ClO + CaCl2
+ CH3COOH

C8H9ClO

156.
5

C8H8Cl2,
Ca(CH3COO)2
, H20

272

57.54%

2 C8H9ClO + Ca(CH3COO)2
2C8H8O + CaCl2 +
2CH3COOH

C8H8O (2 mol);
Yield = 91.67%

249.
34

C8H9ClO,
Ca(CH3COO)2

471

52.94%

NaHCO3 + H2O NaOH +


H2CO3

OVERALL

C8H8O

249.
34

NaHCO3,
H2O,
Ca(CH3COO)2
, Cl2,
C6H5CHCH2

707

35.27%