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Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River

Dead Load calculation for RCC Deck Slab


c/c Length Of the span
Total Width of Superstructure
Width of Carriageway
Projection beyond cL of bearing
Expansion gap
Thickness of deck slab
Thickness of Cantilever Flange at the Tip
Thickness of wearing coat
Width of footpath
Width of member
Width of railing kerb

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Load due to Deck slab

Total Dead load of steel superstructure.

UDL on Truss

:
=

0.25 x

160.00 /
2.020202 t/m

4.85 x

79.200
#VALUE!
4.250
0.580
0.050
0.250
0.250
0.075
0.000
0.4
0.3

2.50 =

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

3.03125 t/m

160.00 t

79.200

CALCULATION OF DEAD LOAD SUPPORT REACTIONS

50.515 kN/m

#VALUE! kN

0.580

Amardeep Construction

0.000 kN

39.600 m

Design of Left HandRa


Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River

Amardeep Construction

c/L of Symmetry

Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River
Span Length
=
79.200 m
Due to symmetry of Loading Reaction on either Support
Ra
=
Rb
=

50.515

40.180

2029.67 kN

Total reaction

Ra

Rb

2029.67

2029.7 kN

Calculation of SIDL per metre run :1. Weight of Kerb


2. Wearing coat
3. Weight of railing

=
=

4.250 x
=

0.075 x 2.40
Total

=
=
=

Reaction at Abutment Due to SIDL

Rb

Ra

Calculation of Reactions on either Support For Substructure


Ra
+
Rb
=
23.65

Amardeep Construction

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

23.650 kN/m

79.20 m
0.580

1.200
0.765
0.400
2.3650

80.36

0.580

= Shyok1900.51
kN
Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over
River
Taking Moment @ B
Ra x
79.200
=
23.65
x
80.36
Ra
=
950.26 kN
Rb

1900.514

950.257

thk of snow
0.25

39.6

950.26 kN

Reaction at Abutment Due to Snow Load


Load due to snow load

4.250

cl-224-irc-6
0.9

0.95625 t/m

9.563 kN/m

79.20 m
0.580

Rb

Ra

Calculation of Reactions on either Support For Substructure


Ra
+
Rb
=
9.5625
=
Taking Moment @ B
Ra x
79.200
Ra
Rb

Amardeep Construction

=
=
=

9.5625
384.2 kN
768.4425

80.36

80.36

384.22

768.44 kN
39.6

384.2 kN

0.580

Design of Pooh side Abutment


L

INTRODUCTION

This note gives the detailed sub structure design calculations of major bridge over river Satluj at Khab.
The detailed 'analysis and design is based on the input data enumerated below. The undermentioned cases
are analysed and the structure components are design based on the Governing case.

Normal case

Snow Load Case

Seismic case

Case 1

LWL with Max. CWLL

Case 3

LWL with Ma Case 5

LWL with Max. CWLL

Case 2

HFL with Min. CWLL

Case 4

HFL with Mi

HFL with Min. CWLL

Case 6

Proposed Bridge Deck Level


(i)

Vertical Clearance Consideration


HFL
Depth
Wearing Course
Rise due to 2.5% camber
Edge thickening

=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
0.650
0.075
0.000
0.000

m
m
m
m
m

Summary of Stresses

Max. Pressure
Min. Pressure
F.O.S (Sliding)
F.O.S (Over Turning)

Khajuria Construction

Max. LL. (LWL.)


#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

NORMAL
Min. LL. (HFL.)
#REF!
< 500
#REF!
> 0.00
#REF!
#REF!

> 1.50
> 2.00

SEISMIC
Max. LL. (LWL.)
Min. LL. (HFL.)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
< 625.0
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
> 0.00

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

> 1.25
> 1.5

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Shear (Mpa)
At Heel
At Toe

#REF!
#REF!

<
<

#REF!
#REF!

Salient Features of the Bridge


Span Arrangement (Effective)
Deck Level
Lowest Soffit Level
Abutment Cap Top Level
Abutment Cap Bottom Level
HFL
Lowest Bed Level
Foundation Level
Total Base Width
Total Base Length
Expansion Gap
Projection of deck beyond C/L of bearings
Wearing Course
Width of Superstructure
Edge Thickening on one side
Edge Thickening on other side
Height of Edge Thickening at centre

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Dimensions of Different Substructure components


S.No.
1

Components
Heel
Length
Tip Thickness
Thickness at root

Khajuria Construction

=
=
=

#REF! m
#REF! m
#REF! m

79.200
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
0.050
0.580
0.075
#VALUE!
0.000
0.000
0.000

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m (For strip seal type expansion joint)
m
m
m
m
m
m

Design of Pooh side Abutment


2

Toe
Length
Tip Thickness
Thickness at root

=
=
=

Abutment Shaft
Length
Width at bottom
Width at top
Height

=
=
=
=

#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

m
m
m
m

=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

m
m
m
m
m
m

Cantilever Return Wall


Thickness
Height at Root
Length
Height at Free End

=
=
=
=

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

m
m
m
m

Solid Return Wall


Thickness at top
Thickness at bottom
Thickness(avg)
Height at Root
Length
Height on other End

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

m
m
m
m
m
m

Dirt Wall
Length
Height
Thickness

=
=
=

#VALUE! m
#REF! m
#REF! m

Abutment Cap
Length
Thickness (Rect.)
Width (Trian.) at Bottom
Width (Rect.)
Width (Trian.) at Top
Thickness

Khajuria Construction

#REF! m
#REF! m
#REF! m

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Khajuria Construction

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Computation of Vertical Loads of Substructure Components


S.No.

Component

No.

Length

Width

h1

h2

Volume

(kN/m^3)

P
(kN)

Heel

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

14.00

#REF!

Toe

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

14.00

#REF!

Portion between toe and heel

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

--

#REF!

14.00

#REF!

Abutment shaft
Portion above LBL

#VALUE!

#REF!

--

#REF!

24.00

#REF!

Portion below LBL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

--

#REF!

24.00

#REF!

Abutment shaft
Portion above HFL

#VALUE!

#REF!

--

#REF!

24.00

#REF!

Portion between HFL & LBL

#VALUE!

#REF!

--

#REF!

14.00

#REF!

Portion below LBL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

--

#REF!

14.00

#REF!

Cantilever return wall (LWL Case)


Portion above LBL
Portion below LBL

2
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

24.00

0.000

Cantilever return wall (HFL Case)


Portion above HFL
Portion below HFL

2
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

0.00
--

24.00

0.000

Solid return wall (LWL Case)


Portion above LBL
Portion below LBL

2
2

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

--#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

24.00
14.00

#REF!
#REF!

Solid return wall (HFL Case)

Khajuria Construction

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Portion above HFL
Portion between HFL & LBL
Portion below LBL

2
2
2

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

----#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

24.00
14.00
14.00

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

10

Abutment Cap

1
1

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

-----

#REF!
#REF!

24.00
24.00

#REF!
#REF!

11

Pedestal

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

---

#REF!

24.00

#REF!

12

Dirt Wall

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

---

#REF!

24.00

#REF!

13

Backfill (LWL Case)


Portion above LBL
Portion below LBL

1
1

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

--#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

20.00
10.00

#REF!
#REF!

Backfill (HFL Case)


Portion above HFL
Portion below HFL

1
1

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

--#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

18.00
10.00

#REF!
#REF!

Frontfill
(Below MSL)

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

0.00

#REF!

14

15

For the portions below HFL, submerged unit weights are taken.

Vertiical Loads and Forces from Superstructure


S.No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Item
Dead Load Reaction
SIDL Reaction
Max. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane 70-R WH )
Max. Reaction from CWLL (2-Lane Class-A)
Min. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane 70-R Wheel)
Min. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane Class-A)
FPLL Reaction

Khajuria Construction

Load
0.00
0.00
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.00

kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN
kN

eT
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000

Design of Pooh side Abutment


8

Reaction due to Edge Thickening

0.00 kN

0.000

Soil Parameters
The fill behind abut. and return wall shall conform to MORTH specs and refer appendix-6 of IRC:78-2000 and '
shall have following parameters

sub

32
0
20
10

Degree
kN/m^2
kN/m^3
kN/m^3

Active Earth Pressure coefficient is based on the following additional parameters in Coulomb's equation

90.00 Degree

21.00 degree
Kp has been neglected in design
Ka
#REF!

0.00 degree

SBC at foundation

50.00 t/m^2

Degree
kN/m^2
kN/m^2
kN/m^2

Subsoil Parameters (As per soil test data)

c
(SBC)-Normal Case
(SBC)-Seismic Case

30
0.00
500
625.00
tan

Material Constants
Concrete Grade
cbc

Khajuria Construction

M 35
11.670 MPa

0.500

Design of Pooh side Abutment


co
c
Steel Grade
st
m
k
j
R

Horizontal seismic coefficient

8.750 MPa
0.200 MPa
Fe 415 fe
200.000 MPa
10.000
0.368
0.877
1.886 MPa

0.120

#REF!

Vertical seismic coefficient

#REF!

C
L of Bearing

#REF!

#REF! m ( Deck level)

#REF! m (Abutment cap top )


#REF!

#REF!
Solid
Return

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF! m
Khajuria Construction

0.20

#REF! m (Abutment cap bottom)


#REF! m (HFL)

#REF! m (LBL)

0.060

Design of Pooh side Abutment

#REF! m
#REF!

#REF!
#REF! m FND level
#REF! m

#REF! m

#REF! m

Stability Calculations
Properties of Footing Base
A

#REF!

ZL

#VALUE!

ZT

#REF!

Khajuria Construction

#VALUE!

#REF!
6.000

#REF! m^2

)^2

#VALUE! m^3

#VALUE! )^2
6.000

#VALUE! m^3

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Case 1 Normal Case in No Superstructure in LWL Condition


Vertical Loads and Their Moment

S.No.

Item

eL

ML

eT

MT

eToe

Mtoe

(kN)

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

From Superstructure
Dead Load Reaction
SIDL Reaction
FPLL reaction
CWLL Reaction(Class 70R Wheeled)
From Subrstructure
Dirt Wall

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

0.000

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Solid Return upto LBL


Solid Return below LBL
Abutment Cap .(Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment Shaft upto LBL
Abutment Shaft below LBL
Back fill upto LBL
Backfill below LBL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

14
15
16

Toe Slab
Heel Slab
Portion between Heel Slab & Toe Slab

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

1
2
3
4

Khajuria Construction

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Horizontal Forces and Moments
Item

1
2
3
4
5

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level


Live Load Surcharge Pressure
Active Earth Pressure up to LBL
Active Earth Pressure below LBL
Total active Earth pressure

P
ML
MT
Sliding Force
Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment

=
=
=
=
=
=

Length

Height

Unit. Wt.

Pressure Horizontal
p
Force

(m)

(m)

'(kN/m^3)

(kN/m^2)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

20.000
20.000
10.000

kN
-

#REF!

#REF!

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

Pmax

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

500.000

kN/m^2

Pmin

P
A
#REF!

ML
ZL
#REF!

MT
ZT
#VALUE!

Khajuria Construction

0.00
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Check for Maximum Allowable Base Pressure


Pmax

HL
(kN)

#REF!

kNm

eccty.
about
Base
eL
(m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Moment
about
Base
ML
(kNm)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Pmin

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

0.000

kN/m^2

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 1.500

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 2.000

#REF!

Check against Sliding


Restoring Force

Factor of Safety

=
=
FOS

#REF! kN

Restoring Force
Sliding Force

#REF!
#REF!

Check against Overturning


FOS

Khajuria Construction

Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Case-2 Normal Case with No Superstructure in HFL Condition


Vertical Loads and their moments

S.No.

Item

eL

ML

eT

MT

eToe

Mtoe

(kN)

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

1
2
3
5

From Superstructure
Dead Load Reaction
SIDL Reaction
FPLL reaction
CWLL Reaction (Clas 70R Wheeled)

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

From Subrstructure
Dirt Wall

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

0.000

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

Solid Return upto HFL and portion between HFL & LBL
Solid Return below HFL
Abutment Cap (Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment Shaft upto HFL
Abutment Shaft below HFL
Back fill upto HFL
Backfill below HFL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

19
20
21

Toe Slab
Heel Slab
Footing Portion between Heel & Toe Slab

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Khajuria Construction

#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Horizontal Forces and Moments
Item

1
2
3
4
5

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level


Live Load Surcharge Pressure
Active Earth Pressure up to HFL
Active Earth Pressure below HFL
Total Active Earth Pressure

P
ML
MT
Sliding Force
Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment

=
=
=
=
=
=

Length

Height

Unit. Wt.

Pressure Horizontal
p
Force

(m)

(m)

'(kN/m^3)

(kN/m^2)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

20.000
20.000
10.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kN
+

#REF!

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm

#REF! kNm

Check for Maximum Allowable Base Pressure


Pmax

Pmax

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

500.000

kN/m^2

Khajuria Construction

HL
(kN)

#REF!

0.00
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

eccty.
about
Base
eL
(m)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Moment
about
Base
ML
(kNm)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Check for NO Tension
Pmin

Pmin

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

0.000

kN/m^2

=
=

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 1.500

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 2.000

#REF!

#REF!

Check against Sliding


Restoring Force

Factor of Safety

FOS

kN

Restoring Force
Sliding Force

#REF!
#REF!

Check against Overturning


FOS

Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment
#REF!
#REF!

Case -3 Seismic Case with No Superstructure Live Load in LWL Condition


Seismic Coefficient Horiontal
=
0.120
Seismic Coefficient Vertical
=
0.0600
Mass of Substructure Above Ground Level
=
#REF! Kn
Longitudnal Seismic Force due to substructure
=
#REF! Kn
C.G of Long. Seismic Force @ Foundation Base
=
#REF! m

Khajuria Construction

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Vertical Loads and Their Moment

S.No.

Item

P'

Vs

(kN)

(kN)

P
(=P'+Vs)
(kN)

eL
(m)

ML

eT

MT

eToe

Mtoe

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF! #VALUE! #VALUE!


#REF! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000
0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

From Superstructure
Dead Load Reaction
SIDL Reaction
FPLL Reaction
CWLL Reaction (50% for Seismic Case)
(Class 70R Wheeled)
From Subrstructure
Dirt Wall
Solid Return upto LBL
Solid Return below LBL
Abutment Cap (Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment Shaft upto LBL
Abutment Shaft below LBL
Back fill upto LBL
Backfill below LBL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

15
16
17

Toe Slab
Heel Slab
Portion between Heel Slab & Toe Slab

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

1
2
3
5

Khajuria Construction

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Horizontal Forces and Moments
S.No. Item

1
2
3
4
5
6

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level including


Seismic force due to DL+SIDL
Seismic Longitudnal Force due to substr.
Live Load Surcharge Pressure
Active Earth Pressure up to LBL
Active Earth Pressure below LBL
Total Active Earth Pressure

P
ML
MT
Sliding Force
Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Length

Height

Unit. Wt.

Pressure Horizontal
p
Force

(m)

(m)

'(kN/m^3)

(kN/m^2)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

20.000
20.000
10.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kN
+

#REF!

kNm
kNm
kN
kNm
kNm

Check for Maximum Allowable Base Pressure


Pmax

Pmax

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

625.000

kN/m^2

Check for NO Tension

Khajuria Construction

#REF!

HL
(kN)

eccty.
about
Base
eL
(m)

Moment
about
Base
ML
(kNm)

0.000

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Pmin

Pmin

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

0.000

kN/m^2

=
=

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 1.250

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 1.500

#REF!

#REF!

Check against Sliding


Restoring Force

Factor of Safety

FOS

kN

Restoring Force
Sliding Force

#REF!
#REF!

Check against Overturning


FOS

Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment

#REF!
#REF!

Case -4 Seismic Case with No Superstructure in HFL Condition


Seismic Coefficient Horiontal
Seismic Coefficient Vertical
Mass of Substructure Above Ground Level
Longitudnal Seismic Force due to substructure
C.G of Long. Seismic Force @ Foundation Base

Khajuria Construction

=
=
=
=
=

0.120
0.0600
#REF! KN
#REF! KN
#REF! m

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Vertical Loads, Seismic Forces and their Moments

S.No.

P'

Vs

(kN)

(kN)

Item

From Superstructure
Dead Load Reaction
SIDL Reaction
FPLL Reaction
CWLL Reaction (50% for Seismic Case)
(Class 70R Wheeled)
From Subrstructure
Dirt Wall

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

Solid Return upto HFL


Solid Return between HFL to LBL
Solid Return below LBL
Abutment Cap .(Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment Shaft upto HFL
Abutment Shaft between HFL to LBL
Abutment Shaft below LBL
Back fill upto HFL
Back fill between HFL and LBL
Backfill below LBL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

18
19
20

Toe Slab
Heel Slab
Portion between Heel Slab & Toe Slab

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

1
2
3
5

Khajuria Construction

P
(=P+Vs)
(kN)

eL

ML

eT

MT

eToe

Mtoe

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

(m)

(kNm)

0.000
0.000
0.000
#REF!

0.00
0.00
0.00
#REF!

0.00
0.00
0.00
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF! #VALUE! #VALUE!


#REF! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000
0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

0.000

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Horizontal Forces and Moments


Item

1
2
3
4
5
6

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level including


Seismic force due to DL+SIDL
Seismic Longitudnal Force due to substr.
Live Load Surcharge Pressure
Active Earth Pressure up to HFL
Active Earth Pressure below HFL
Total Active Earth Pressure

P
ML
MT
Sliding Force
Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Length

Height

Unit. Wt.

Pressure Horizontal
p
Force

(m)

(m)

'(kN/m^3)

(kN/m^2)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

20.000
20.000
10.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kN
+

#REF!

#REF! kNm

kNm
kN
kNm
kNm

Check for Maximum Allowable Base Pressure


Pmax

Pmax

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

625.000

kN/m^2

Check for NO Tension

Khajuria Construction

HL
(kN)

#REF!

eccty.
about
Base
eL
(m)

Moment
about
Base
ML
(kNm)

0.000

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Pmin

Pmin

P
A

ML
ZL

MT
ZT

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN/m^2

#REF!

0.000

kN/m^2

=
=

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 1.250

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! 1.500

#REF!

#REF!

Check against Sliding


Restoring Force

Factor of Safety

FOS

kN

Restoring Force
Sliding Force

#REF!
#REF!

Check against Overturning


FOS

Khajuria Construction

Restoring Moment
Overturning Moment
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Design of Dirt Wall


The dirt wall is designed as a vertical cantilever.
Dirt Wall Height
=

#REF! m

Computation of Moment about base of Dirt Wall


The dirt wall is assumed loaded with 2 lanes class A , 114 kN wheel load .
Vertical Load
=
2.000
x
57.000
Braking Force
=
20 % of Vertical Load
ML due to braking F.
=
#REF!
x
22.800
S.No.

Item

=
=
=

114.000 kN
22.800 kN
#REF! kNm

Length

Height

Unit wt

HL

(m)

(m)

(kN/m^3)

(kN/m^2)

(kN)

Eccy.
Moment
@ dirt wall @ dirt wall
base
base
(m)
(kNm)

Live Load Surcharge

#VALUE!

1.200

18.000

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

2
3

Active Earth Pressure


Minimum Fluid Pressure

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

18.000
4.800

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

Governing (Max of (2) & (3))


Total

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

Check for Effective Depth


Assuming
12 mm dia. bars
Available effective d
=
Design Moment
=
Moment per m, M
=

d required.

Main Reinforcement

Khajuria Construction

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

+
=

50.000
#REF!
#REF!

=
kNm per m

6.000
=
#REF! kNm

#REF! mm

#REF!
1.886

x
x

1E+6
1000.000

#REF! mm

#REF! mm

<

OK

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Ast

required

#REF!
x
1E+6
0.877
x
200.000
#REF! mm^2 per m

=
Minimum Steel

=
=

0.060 % of Gross Cross Section


0.060
x
#REF!
100.000
#REF! mm^2 per m

Provide # 10 mm dia Tor @ 200 mm c/c(As =

#REF!

1000.000

393 mm^2 per m )

Distribution Reinforcement
Minimum Steel Governs
As

=
=

0.060

0.060 % of Gross Cross Section


x
#REF!
100.000
#REF! mm^2 per m

Provide # 10 mm dia Tor @ 250 mm c/c(As =

1000.00

314 mm^2 per m ) on both faces

Design of Abutment Shaft


The abutment shaft is designed as a column subjected to axial loads and biaxial moments.
This section presents the calculations for design loads and moments
Case-(i) Normal Case with Maximum Live Load in LWL Condition
Vertical Loads
S.No.

1
2
3
4

Item

Dead Load Reaction


SIDL Reaction
FPLL Reaction
Footpath Reaction

Khajuria Construction

Volume
(m^3)

Unit wt.
(kN/m^3)

P
(kN)
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

eL
(m)

eT
(m)

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
0.000
0.000

ML
(m)

MT
(m)

#REF! #VALUE!
#REF! #VALUE!
#REF!
0.00
#REF!
0.00

Design of Pooh side Abutment


5

Max. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane 70-R Wheel)

0.000

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

6
7
8
9
10

Dirt Wall
Abutment Cap ( Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment shaft upto LWL
Abutment shaft below LWL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF! #VALUE!

#REF!

22.500

#REF!

Horizontal Forces
S.No.

1
2
3
4
5
6

Item

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level


Live Load Surcharge Pr.
Active Earth Pr. upto LWL
Active Earth Pr. below LWL
Minimum Fluid Pressure
Maximum of (12+13) & (14)

Therefore Design Loads and Moments

L
(m)

Ka

(kN/m^3)

H
(m)

Pressure
(kN/m^2)

HL
(kN)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

18.000
18.000
10.000
4.800

1.200
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Total

#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

P
ML

=
=
=

MT

#REF! kN
#REF!
+
#REF! kNm

eL
(m)

#REF! #REF!
#REF! #VALUE!
#REF! #VALUE!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE! kNm

Case-(ii) Normal Case with min Live Load in HFL Condition


Vertical Loads
S.No.

1
2

Item

Dead Load Reaction


Super Structure SIDL Reaction

Khajuria Construction

Volume
(m^3)

Unit wt.
(kN/m^3)

ML
(m)

P
(kN)

eL
(m)

eT
(m)

ML
(m)

MT
(m)

0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


3

Footpath Reaction

0.000

#REF!

0.000

#REF!

0.00

5
6
7
8
9
10

Min. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane Class-A)


Dirt Wall
Abutment Cap (Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment shaft upto HFL
Abutment shaft below HFL

0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
0.000

#REF!
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.00
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

HL
(kN)

eL
(m)

ML
(m)

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!

22.500

L
(m)

Ka

(kN/m^3)

H
(m)

Pressure
(kN/m^2)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

18.000
18.000
10.000
4.800

1.200
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Total

Horizontal Forces
S.No.

1
2
3
4
5
6

Item

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level


Live Load Surcharge Pr.
Active Earth Pr. upto HFL
Active Earth Pr. below HFL
Minimum Fluid Pressure
Maximum of (12+13) & (14)

Design Loads and Moments

#REF! kN

ML

=
=

#REF!
+
#REF! kNm

MT

#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE! kNm

Case-(iii) Seismic Case with Maximum Live Load in LWL Condition


Vertical Loads
S.No.

Item

Dead Load Reaction

Khajuria Construction

Volume
(m^3)

Unit wt.
(kN/m^3)

P
(kN)
0.000

eL
(m)

eT
(m)

#REF!

0.000

ML
(m)
#REF!

MT
(m)
0.000

Design of Pooh side Abutment


2
3
5

Super Structure SIDL Reaction


FPLL Reaction
Max. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane 70-R Wheel)

0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
0.000
#REF!

#REF! #VALUE!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

6
7
8
9
10

Dirt Wall
Abutment Cap ( Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment shaft upto LWL
Abutment shaft below LWL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF! #VALUE!

H
(m)

Pressure
(kN/m^2)

HL
(kN)

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Total

0.00
#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

eT
(m)

ML
(m)

#REF!

22.500

Horizontal Forces
S.No.

1
2
2
3
4
5
6

Item

L
(m)

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level


Longitudnal Force due to substr.(Seimic case)
Live Load Surcharge Pr.
Active Earth Pr. upto LWL
Active Earth Pr. below LWL
Minimum Fluid Pressure
Maximum of (12+13) & (14)

Therefore Design Loads and Moments

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

P
ML

=
=
=

MT

Ka

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

(kN/m^3)

18.000
18.000
10.000
4.800

#REF! kN
#REF!
+
#REF! kNm

1.200
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

eL
(m)

#REF! #REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF! #VALUE!
#REF! #VALUE!
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE! kNm

Case-(iv) Seismic Case with min Live Load in HFL Condition


Vertical Loads
S.No.

Item

Khajuria Construction

Volume
(m^3)

Unit wt.
(kN/m^3)

P
(kN)

eL
(m)

ML
(m)

MT
(m)

Design of Pooh side Abutment

1
2
3
4

Dead Load Reaction


SIDL Reaction
FPLL Reaction
Min. Reaction from CWLL (1-Lane A Wheel)

0.000
0.000
0.000
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#VALUE!
0.000
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#VALUE!
0.000
#REF!

6
7
8
9
10

Dirt Wall
Abutment Cap (Rec.)
Abutment Cap .(Trin.)
Abutment shaft upto HFL
Abutment shaft between HFL to LBL

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

(kN/m^3)

H
(m)

Pressure
(kN/m^2)

HL
(kN)

eL
(m)

ML
(m)

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!

22.500

L
(m)

Ka

Horizontal Forces
S.No.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Item

Longitudinal Force at Bearing Level


Longitudnal Force due to substr (Seismic)
Live Load Surcharge Pressure
Active Earth Pressure upto HFL
Active Earth Pressure below HFL
Minimum Fluid Pressure
Maximum of (12+13) & (14)

Design Loads and Moments

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

18.000
18.000
10.000
4.800

#REF! kN

ML

=
=

#REF!
+
#REF! kNm

MT

1.200
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
Total

#REF!

#VALUE! kNm

SUMMARY OF LOADS & MOMENTS AT ABUTMENT SHAFT


S. No.
Khajuria Construction

Item

Normal Case
Seismic Case
Max. Load Min. Load Max. Load Min. Load

0.00
#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


LWL Case HFL Case LWL Case HFL Case
Loads and Moments
(1).
P (t)
(2)
Mx (tm)
(3)
My (tm)

648.157
1854.437
#VALUE!

400.478
1777.38
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

75.00

Design of Heel Slab


Width
Tip Th.
Thickness at root
Dia. of bar used near top face of heel slab
Eff Depth, Available

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
10
#REF!
#REF!

m
m
m
mm
-

5.00

mm

# Normal Case Governs and is being designed

Case-1 Normal Case with Maximum Live Load in LWL Condition


A
#REF!

Assuming maximum base pressure occurs at corner C of footing


Pmax
ML/ZL
MT/ZT
Pmin
PB =
PD =

PC

PA
=
PA + 2. ML/ZL
PA + 2. MT/ZT

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
#VALUE!
D

The heel is designed along face AB


Pressure at Earth face of Abutment shaft

#REF!

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

kPa

Upward Force due to Base Pressure

#REF!

kN

Khajuria Construction

#REF!
C

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

+
2

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Cg of Upward Force from abutment face

Moment due to upward force

=
=

2
3
#REF!
#REF!

P
(kN)

e
(m)

x
x (

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF! )

#REF!

#REF! kNm

=
kNm

#REF!

m
x

Moment due to Downward Loads


S.No.

1
2
3
5
6
7

Component

Moment due to Backfill above LBL


Moment due to Backfill below LBL
Moment due to Heel Slab
Cantilever Return Beyond Heel
Solid Return upto LBL
Solid Return below LBL

Net Design Moment for Heel Slab


Moment per unit length of heel slab

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.00
#REF!
#REF!

=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

+
=

M
(kNm)
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

kNm

Check for Shear


For shear, critical section is assumed to be located at a distance equal to effective depth from face of abutment.
Effective depth at Root of Heel Slab
Distance of Critical Section from tip
Overall heel slab th. at critical section

Effective depth at critical section


Base Pressure at Critical Section

Upward Force due to Base Pressure

Khajuria Construction

=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

mm
m
m
mm
+

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

75.00

5.00

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

kPa
+
2

#VALUE!

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

Base Pressure cg. from critical sec.

=
=

Moment due to upward force

=
=

#REF!
2.00
3.00
#REF!
#REF!

kN
x
x (
m
x

(m)

(m)

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

=
=

Net Shear at Critical Section

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

Net Shear per unit Length

=
=

#REF!

kN

Net shear Stress

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
1000.000

x
x

1000.00
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF!

x
)

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

kNm

(kN/m^3)

(kN)

(m)

(kN/m)

18.00
10.00
14.00
7.20
24.00
6.00
4.00

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Computation of Shear and BM at Critical Section


Item

No.

Back fill upto LBL


Backfill below LBL
Heel Slab
SIDL over Returns
Cantilever
Return
Beyond Heel
Solid Return upto L
Solid Return below

Net BM at Critical Section,


Top face slope, tan

1
1
1
1
1
2
2

Height at Tip Height at


V
Critical Section
(m)
(m)
(m^3)

#REF! kNm
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

MPa

kN

Case-2 Normal Case with No Live Load in HFL Condition


Assuming maximum base pressure occurs at corner C of footing

Khajuria Construction

A
#REF!

B
#REF!

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Pmax
ML/ZL
MT/ZT
Pmin
PB =
PD =

PC

PA
=
PA + 2. ML/ZL
PA + 2. MT/ZT

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF! kPa
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
#VALUE!
D

The heel is designed along face AB


Pressure at Earth face of Abutment shaft

#REF!

Moment of Loads about abutment face

#REF!

kPa

Upward Force due to Base Pressure

#REF!

=
=

Cg of Base Pressure from abutment face

Moment due to upward force

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

+
2
kN
x
x (
m

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF!

x
)

#REF!

2.00
3.00
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

kNm

P
(kN)

e
(m)

M
(kNm)

Moment due to downward forces


S.No.

1
2
3
4
5
6

Component

Moment due to Backfill below HFL


Moment due to Backfill below HFL
Moment due to Heel Slab
Cantilever Return Beyond Heel
Solid Return upto HFL
Solid Return below HFL

Khajuria Construction

#REF!
C

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.00
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


#REF!
Net Design Moment for Heel Slab

Moment per unit length of heel slab

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!

#REF! kNm

#REF! kNm

Check for Shear


For shear, critical section is assumed to be located at a distance equal to effective depth from face of abutment.
Effective depth at Root of Heel Slab
Distance of Critical Section from tip
Overall heel slab thickness at critical section

=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

mm
m
-

=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

m
mm
+

#REF!

kPa

Upward Force due to Base Pressure

#REF!

Base Pressure cg. from critical section

=
=

Moment due to upward force

=
=

#REF!
2
3
#REF!
#REF!

+
2
kN
x
x (
m
x

Effective depth at critical section


Base pressure at critical section

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

75.00

5.00

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF!

x
)

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

kNm

Height at Tip Height at


V
Critical Section
(m)
(m)
(m^3)

(kN/m^3)

(kN)

(m)

(kN/m)

18.00
10.00
14.00
7.20

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

Computation of Shear and BM at Critical Section


Item

Back fill upto HFL


Backfill below HFL
Heel Slab
SIDL over Returns
Khajuria Construction

No.

1
1
1
1

(m)

(m)

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Cantilever Return
Beyond Heel
Solid Return upto H
Solid Return below

2
2
2

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

24.00
6.00
4.00

0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Net BM at Critical Section, M


Top face slope tan

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

kNm

Net Shear at Critical Section

#REF!

#REF!
-

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

Net Shear per unit Length

=
=

#REF!

kN

Net shear Stress

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
1000.00

x
x

1000
#REF!

#REF!

MPa

kN

Summary B.M's / Shear for Heel


Ser. No.

Load Case

Bending Moment
kNm/m

Shear Stress
Mpa

Max. CWLL ...LWL condition

#REF!

#REF!

No CWLL.....HFL condition

#REF!

#REF!

d required

0.368

j =

#REF!
1.886

0.877

x
x

1000000
1000.00

1.886 MPa

#REF! mm

<

#REF! mm

Computation of Main Reinforcement at Top Face


As required

=
200.00
=

Khajuria Construction

#REF!
x

#REF! mm^2

x
0.877

1000000
x

#REF!

(OK)

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Providing

10.00 mm dia Tor bars @

200 mm c/c (As

Minimum tensile Ast required

=
=

Min. Reinforcement on any face


Provided

12.00 mm dia Tor bars @

0.1500
100.00
#REF!

392.699 ) as main steel at top face of heel slab

1000.00

#REF!

mm^2

#REF! mm^2

As per cl. 707.2.8 of IRC :78-2000

120.00 mm c/c (As

942.478 ) as main steel at top face of heel slab

Distribution Reinforcement
0.30

Moment

Dia. of Bar used


Available effective depth

=
=
=
=

As required

=
=

Min.steel required
Provide

0.30

#REF!

10 mm dia bars
#REF!
#REF!
mm
#REF!
200.00
x
#REF!
mm^2
250.00
mm^2

10 mm dia Tor bars @

250 mm c/c (As

75.00
x
0.877

1000000
x

#REF!

kNm

10.00

#REF!

5.00

314.159 ) as distribution at top & bottom face of heel slab

Shear Check
Permissible Shear Stress in Concrete (As per cl. 304.7.1.3.2 of IRC:21-2000.)
c

=
% Area of tension reinforcement

100 x
b x

As
d

x
=

k
100 x
1000 x

942
#REF!

As per table 12B of IRC:21-2000. the value of c can be interpolated depending upon 100As/bd

100As/bd

Khajuria Construction

2.00

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

0.15

0.200

0.250

0.230

K
Permissible shear stress

=
=
=
=

Since existing shear stress

1.00 (As per IRC:21-2000, Table 12 B as overall Depth of Slab is greater than 300 mm)
1.00
x
#REF!
#REF! N/mm^2
#REF!
<
#REF! N/mm^2
(Permissible shear stress)

#REF!

Design of Toe Slab


# Frontfill effect is neglected to consider scour effect and worst case design B.M.
Width
Thickness at root
Tip Thickness
Dia of Bars as main steel near bottom face of toe slab
Effective Depth, Available

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
25
#REF!
#REF!

m
m
m
mm
-

75.000

12.500

mm

Normal case Governs and is being designed

Case-1 Normal Case with Maximum Live Load in LWL Condition

A
#REF!

B
#REF!

Assuming maximum base pressure occurs at corner C of footing


Pmax
ML/ZL
MT/ZT
Pmin
PB =
PD =

PC

PA
=
PA + 2. ML/ZL
PA + 2. MT/ZT

Khajuria Construction

=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

#VALUE!
D

#REF!
C

Design of Pooh side Abutment


The Toe is designed along face CD
Pressure at Earth face of Abutment shaft

#REF!

Upward Force due to Base Pr.

#REF!

Cg of Base Pr. force from abut. face

=
=

Moment due to upward force @ abutment face

=
=

#REF! kN
2
x
3
x (
#REF! m
#REF!
x

S.No.

1
2

Component

Vertical Load
(kN)

Moment due to Frontfill below MSL


Moment due to Toe Slab

Net Design Moment for Toe Slab

Moment per unit length of Toe slab

e
(m)

#REF!
#REF!

+
2

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF! )

#REF!

#REF! kNm

#REF! kNm

Moment
(kNm)

0.000
#REF!

0.000
#REF!

0.000
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! kNm

#REF!
#VALUE!

#REF!

Shear Calculation
For shear, critical section is assumed to be located at a distance equal to effective depth from face of abutment.
Effective depth at Root of Toe Slab
=
#REF! mm
Distance of Critical Section from tip
=
#REF! m
Overall Toe slab thickness at critical section

Effective depth at critical section

=
=
=

#REF! m
#REF!
#REF! mm

Base Pressure at Critical Section

#REF!

Khajuria Construction

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

75

12.5

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF! kPa

#VALUE!

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


=

#REF! kPa

Upward Force due to Base Pr.

#REF!

Base Pressure cg. from critical sec.

=
=

Moment due to upward force @ abutment face

=
=

#REF! kN
2
x
3
x (
#REF! m
#REF!
x

+
2

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF! )

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! kNm

(kN/m^3)

(kN)

(m)

(kN/m)

0.000
14.000

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Computation of Shear and BM at Critical Section


S.No.

1
2

Item

Frontfill Below MSL


Toe Slab

(m)

(m)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

Height at
Tip
(m)
#REF!
#REF!

Height at
V
Critical Section
(m)
(m^3)
1.568
#REF!

Net BM at Critical Section, M

#REF!

Top face slope, tan

Net Shear at Critical Section

#REF!

Net Shear per unit Length

=
=

Net shear Stress

#REF!
kN
#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
1000

#REF!

#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#VALUE!
#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!

x
x

1000
#REF!

#REF! kNm

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

kN
=

#REF! MPa

Case-2 Normal Case with No Live Load in HFL Condition


Assuming maximum base pressure occurs at corner C of footing
Pmax

Khajuria Construction

PC

#REF! kPa

A
#REF!

B
#REF!

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment

ML/ZL
MT/ZT
Pmin
PB =
PD =

PA
=
PA + 2. ML/ZL
PA + 2. MT/ZT

=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!
#VALUE!

kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa
kPa

#VALUE!
D

#REF!
C

The Toe is designed along face CD


Pressure at Earth face of Abutment shaft

#REF!

#REF!

Upward Force due to Base Pressure

#REF!

Cg of Upward force from abutment face

=
=

Moment due to upward force

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF! )

#REF!

#REF! kNm

#REF! kNm

kPa

Taking moment of Loads about abutment face

S.No.

#REF! kN
2
x
3
x (
#REF! m
#REF!
x

Vertical Load
(kN)
0.000
#REF!

e
(m)
0.000
#REF!

Moment
(kNm)
0.000
#REF!
#REF!

Net Design Moment for Toe Slab

#REF!

Moment per unit length of Toe slab

#REF!
#VALUE!

1
2

Component

+
2

Moment due to Frontfill below MSL


Moment due to Toe Slab

#REF!
#REF! kNm

Check for Shear


For shear, critical section is assumed to be located at a distance equal to effective depth from face of abutment.
Effective depth at Root of Toe Slab
Khajuria Construction

#REF! mm

#VALUE!

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Distance of Critical Section from tip

Overall Toe slab thickness at critical section

#REF!

=
=
=
=

#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

kPa

#REF!

#REF!

2
3
#REF!

Effective depth at critical section


Base Pressure at Critical Section

Upward Force due to Base Pressure

Base Pessure cg. from critical section

#REF! m

=
Moment due to upward force

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

75

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

+
2

#REF!

#REF!

12.5

mm

#VALUE!

#REF!

kN
x
x (

#REF!
#REF!

+
+

#REF!
#REF! )

#REF!

#REF! kNm

(kN/m^3)

(kN)

(m)

(kN/m)

0.000
14.000

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!

Computation of Shear and BM at Critical Section


Item

Frontfill Below MSL


Toe Slab

(m)

(m)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#VALUE!
#VALUE!

#REF!

#VALUE!
#REF!

=
=

#REF! kNm
#REF!

#VALUE!

#REF!
#REF!

Net BM at Critical Section, M


Top face slope, tan

=
=

#REF!
#REF!

Net Shear at Critical Sect.

#REF!

=
Khajuria Construction

#REF!

Height at Tip Height at


V
Critical Section
(m)
(m)
(m^3)

kN

#REF!

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Net Shear per unit Length

Net shear Stress

#REF!
#VALUE!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

x
x

1000
1000

kN
=

#REF!

Summary B.M's / Shear for Toe


Ser. No.

Load Case

Bending Moment
kNm/m

Shear Stress
Mpa

Max. CWLL ...LWL condition

#REF!

#REF!

No CWLL.....HFL condition

#REF!

#REF!

0.368

d required

j =

#REF!
1.886

0.877

x
x

1000000
1000

1.886

MPa

#REF! mm

<

#REF! mm

(OK)

Computation of Main Reinforcement at Bottom Face


As required

=
200
=

Provided

Provided

25 mm dia Tor bars @

Khajuria Construction

x
0.877

1000000
x

#REF!

#REF! mm^2

25 mm dia Tor bars @

Minimum Tensile Ast required

#REF!
x

150 mm c/c (As


=

3272 ) as main steel at bottom face of Toe slab

#REF! mm^2
150 mm c/c (As

3272 ) as main steel at bottom face of Toe slab

Design of Pooh side Abutment


Distribution Reinforcement
0.300

Moment

Dia of Bar used


Available effective depth

=
=
=
=

As required on each face

=
=

Min. Ast required on any face


Provided

0.300

#REF!

12 mm dia bars
#REF!
75.000
#REF! mm
#REF!
x
200
x
0.877
#REF! mm^2
250.000 mm^2

10 mm dia Tor bars @

170 mm c/c (As

#REF! kNm

12.500

6.000

1000000
x

#REF!

462 ) as distribution at top & bottom face of Toe slab

Shear Check
Permissible Shear Stress in Concrete (As per cl. 304.7.1.3.2 of IRC:21-2000.)
c

=
% Area of tension reinforcement

100 x
b x

As
d

x
=

k
100 x
1000 x

3272
#REF!

#REF!

As per table 12B of IRC:21-2000. the value of c can be interpolated depending upon 100As/bd

100As/bd

0.50

0.310

0.750

0.370

K
Permissible shear stress
Since existing shear stress
Khajuria Construction

=
=
=
=

1.00 (As per IRC:21-2000, Table 12 B as overall Depth of Slab is greater than 300 mm)
1.00
x
#REF!
#REF! N/mm^2
#REF!
<
#REF! N/mm^2
(Permissible shear stress)

Design of Pooh side Abutment

#REF!

Khajuria Construction

Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS
The proposed bridge over River Shyok at Sachitkana is a three span bridge of 79.2 m with open foundation and steel superstructure
through type with RCC slab. The Carriageway width of the bridge is 4.25m with Kerb width of 0.3 m on each side of carriageway.
The total width of bridge is 5.85 m . The bridge has been designed for normal condition and seismic condition
for various combinations of the load for stability of the structure.As the foundation on Right hand side rests on rock , fixed bearings
are provided on Right side abutment and free bearings on Left side Abutment. The safe bearing capacity on Left hand side Abutment
has been assumed as 35.0 t/m2 and this will be confirmed before laying the foundation.The Bridge has been designed for snow load of
25 cm thicknessas per IRC : 6 provisions. The Bridge has been designed for seismic case as per IRC provisions. The design load considered
is Class A Single lane loading

Amardeep Construction

Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River

Design of Cantilever and Solid Returnwall


#REF! m
B
A

Y direction

#REF! m

X direction
Length of Solid Return
=
Length of Cantilever Return
Height of cantilever Return(taper ) =
Thickness of Solid Return at farther end =

Thickness of Solid Return at Root =


Thickness of Solid Return at bottom =

Thickness of Solid Return at top


Value of K
=
Grade of Conc.
=

A'
#REF!
0.000
0.000
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!
M

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
#REF!

B'
Heigth of Solid Return
Height of Cantilever Return at tip
Height of Cantilever Return at root
Thickness of Cantilever return
Unit weight of soil
j
cbc
R
st

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

#REF!
0.000
0.000
0.000
18.000
0.889
#REF!
#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

m
m
m
m
kN/m^3
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

For design of return wall Load case 11a and their formulae have been used.
Here,

a/b

Amardeep Construction

#REF!

a/b

#REF!

#REF!

Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River
For uniformally distributed load over entire plate

a/b =

#REF!

For,

#REF!
#REF!

a/b

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! kN/m^2

Max.

For

20.000

q
(t1)^2

b^2

q
(t2)^2

b^2

#REF!

#REF! kN/m^2

#REF! MPa

1000.000 mm of width , Z

#REF!
#REF!

1000.000

My /m width

Amardeep Construction

1.200

#REF!

x
6.000
#REF! mm^3

#REF!

Hence Moment /m width along Y direction =

#REF!

#REF! Nmm/m

#REF! kN.m/m

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

Design of Left Hand Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River
a
#REF!

For

#REF!

#REF! MPa

1000.000 mm of height , Z

#REF!
#REF!

1000.000

x
6.000
#REF! mm^3

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

Hence, Moment /m height along X direction Mx /m height

#REF!

#REF! Nmm/m

#REF! kN.m/m

For triangular loading due to Earth Pressure


Refer Load case No. 11 d
For,

a/b

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!
=

#REF!

#REF! kN/m^2

Max.

Amardeep Construction

a/b =
a/b =

#REF!
#REF!

20.000

q
(t1)^2

b^2

q
(t2)^2

b^2

#REF!

#REF! kN/m^2

#REF! MPa

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!

#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

#REF!
#REF!

For
1000.000
mm of width
, Z over Shyok River
Design
of Left Hand
Side Abutment
for Bridge

1000.000

x
6.000
#REF! mm^3

#REF!

#REF!

Hence Moment /m width along Y direction My /m width

#REF!

#REF! Nmm/m

#REF! kN.m/m

For

#REF!

#REF!

#REF! MPa

1000.000 mm of height , Z

#REF!
#REF!

1000.000

x
6.000
#REF! mm^3

#REF!

Hence Moment /m height along X direction Mx /m height

#REF!

#REF! Nmm/m

#REF! kN.m/m

Total Moment in Solid Return Wall / m height =

#REF! kN.m/m

Total Moment in Solid Return Wall / m width =

#REF! kN.m/m

Amardeep Construction

#REF!

#REF!

Design
Hand
DesignofofLeft
Face
BB'Side Abutment for Bridge over Shyok River
Moment in Solid Return /m height =
Assuming

50.000 mm cover a

Effective depth available

#REF! kN.m / m
25.000 mm dia bar.

#REF!
=

-25.000

R x b x d^2

#REF!

1000.000

#REF! N.mm

#REF! kN.mm

#REF!

-12.500

#REF! mm

Ast / m

-50.000

#REF!

M
st x j x d

#REF! mm^2/m

Provide

16.000 mm dia bar @

200.000 mm c/c Horizontally on earth face of Return wall (Providing

Provide

10.000 mm dia bar @

200.000 mm c/c Horizontally on other than earth Face, (Providing

Design for Face A'B'


Moment in Solid Return /m width =
Assuming

#REF! kN.m / m

50.000 mm cover a

Effective depth available

25.000 mm dia bar.

#REF!
=

Amardeep Construction

-50.000

-12.500

#REF! mm
R x b x d^2

#REF!

#REF! N.mm / m

#REF! kN.m / m

1000.000

#REF!

#REF!

1005.31 mm^2 )
392.70 mm^2 )

AstHand
/ m Side Abutment
= for M
Design of Left
Bridge over Shyok River
st x j x d
=

#REF! mm^2/m

Provide

25.000 mm dia bar @

180.000 mm c/c Vertically on earth face, Providing

Provide

12.000 mm dia bar @

180.000 mm c/c Vertically on other than earth face, providing

Amardeep Construction

2727.08 mm^2
628.32 mm^2