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KHI NO N M NH MNH
(LAYLAT-UL-QADR)?
Tc gi: Imaam Al-Albaanee v Imaam Ibn Al-Uthaymeen
m nh Mnh (Laylat-ul-Qadr) din ra vo 10 m cui ca thng
Ramadhaan trong sut 1 m l (v d nh trong m th 21, 23, 25, 27
hoc 29). Tuy nhin cc hc gi (c kin) khc nhau v vn liu
Laylat-ul-Qadr c nh vo mt m trong nhng m l ny mi nm
hay n thay i hng nm theo nhng m l khc nhau. Sau y l li
ni ca hai v hc gi ln, Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-Uthaymeen v
Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee (Rahimahum-Allaahu taaala Cu xin Allaah ng Ti Cao ban s Khoan dung n vi h).

Ngun: Al-Ibaanah.com
Dch sang ting Anh bi: Ismaeel Alarcon
c chia s ti: http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2014/01/29/whenisnightalqadr/
Dch sang ting Vit bi: hoc.islam@gmail.com

kin th nht: Laylat-ul-Qadr ri vo mt ngy c nh.


~Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee~
m tt nht trong Ramadhaan chnh l m nh Mnh (Laylat-ulQadr), da trn li ni ca S Gi (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) r ng: Nhng

ai dng l m (Qiyam) vo m nh Mnh vi c tin vng chc cng vi hy


vng tm kim n phc, nhng ti li trong qu kh ca anh ta s c tha
th. [1]
l vo m th 27 ca thng Ramadhaan, theo kin mnh nht. a
s cc ahaadeeth iu ng thun vi iu ny, trong c hadeeth ca Zurr
Ibn Hubaysh, ng ni rng: Ti nghe Ubay Ibn Kaab (RadiyAllaahu
anhu) ni khi ng y c k rng Abdullaah Ibn Masood (RadiyAllaahu anhu)
ni: Nhng ai dng l Salaah m (vo mi m) trong sut c nm s t
c m nh Mnh (Laylat-ul-Qadr). ng (Ubay Ibn Kaab) ni:

Cu xin Allaah ban s Khoan dung n vi ng y, ca ng y l


mi ngi khng c li bing v ch ph thuc vo duy nht mt
m. Th vi ng m khng ai xng ng c Tn th ngoi tr
Ngi, qu tht l vo thng Ramadhaan. V th vi Allaah, ti bit
l m no. l m m S gi ca Allaah (SallAllaahu alayhi
wa sallam) ra lnh cho chng ti dng l Salaah m. l vo
m th 27. Du hiu ca n chnh l mt tri ln sng r m khng
c tia nng vo sng hm sau.
Trong mt tng thut khc, iu ny c nng ln l li ni ca Thin s
(SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). [2]
[Tc gi: Imaam Al-Albaanee, trch trong sch ca ng: Qiyaam Ramadhaan
(trang 18-19)]

Ch thch:
[1] c ghi li bi Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim v nhng ngi khc, ng truyn
qua li thut li ca Abu Hurayrah (RadiyAllaah anhu). c ghi li bi Ahmad
(trong sunan an-Nasai) qua li thut li ca Ubaadah Ibn As-Saamit
(RadiyAllaahu anhu). Ph n thm vo l ca ng v ca Muslim qua li thut
li ca Abu Hurayrah.

- -


"
. "
Hadeeth c thut li rng Abee Salamah bin Abdur -Rahman ni:
Abu Hurayrah k cho ti nghe rng S gi ca Allaah SallAllaahu alayhi wa
sallam ni: Ai dnh nhng m Ramadhaan dng l (Qiyam) vi c tin

v nim hy vng vo n thng, anh ta s c tha th cho nhng ti li trc


y ca anh ta, v ai dnh m Laylat -ul-Qadr dng l vi c tin v nim
hy vng v n thng, anh ta s c tha th cho nhng ti l i trc y ca
anh ta.
Phn loi: Hadeeth S aheeh (Darrussalam)
Sunan an -Nasai, Hadeeth s 2206
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 22, H adeeth s 117
Mc lc theo bn dch ting Anh: Vol.3, Quyn s 22, Hadeeth s 2208
Ngun: htt p://sunn ah.com/nasai/ 22/117

Sunan an -Nasai, Hadeeth s 2192, 2198, 2202


Ngun: http://sunnah.com/nasai

Cc Hadeeth tng t:
1. Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Hadeeth s 1901
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 30, Hadeeth s 11
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 31, Hadeeth s 125
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/30/11

2. Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Hadeeth s 2014


Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 1
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 231
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/32/1
3. Saheeh Muslim, Hadeeth s 759a
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 207
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Quyn s 4, Hadeeth s 1662
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/muslim/6/207

[2] c ghi li bi Muslim v nhng ngi khc v c trch dn ngun


trong Saheeh Abee Dawood



. "
"

Hadeeth c thut li bi Muaawiyah bin Abee Sufyaan:


Nh Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ni r ng: Laylat-ul-Qadr l

vo m th 27 (ca thng Ramadhaan).


Sunan Abee Dawood 1386
Phn lo i Hadeeth: Saheeh (bi Al-Albaanee)
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 16
Mc lc theo bn dch ting Anh: Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 1381
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/abudawud/6/16

Cc Hadeeth tng t:
1. Sunan Abee Dawood 1378
Phn lo i Hadeeth: Saheeh (bi Al-Albaanee)
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 8
Mc lc theo bn dch ting Anh: Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 1373
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/abudawud/6/8
2. Saheeh Muslim, Hadeeth s 762a
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 213
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Quyn s 4, Hadeeth s 1668
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/muslim/6/213

kin th hai: Laylat-ul-Qadr phi c tm kim:


~ Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-Uthaimeen~
m nh Mnh (Laylat-ul-Qadr) nm trong 10 m cui cng ca thng
Ramadhaan, da trn li ni ca Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam): Hy

tm kim m nh Mnh (Laylat-ul-Qadr) trong 10 m cui thng


Ramadhaan [3] [Al-Bukhaaree v Muslim]. V n ri vo mt trong nhng m
l hn l nhng m chn, da trn li ni ca Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa
sallaam): Hy tm kim m nh Mnh (Laylat-ul-Qadr) trong nhng m l
ca 10 m cui cng ca thng Ramadhaan. [Al-Bukhaaree] V n gn vi 7
m cui cng, da trn hadeeth ca Ibn Umar (RadiyAllaahu anhu):

Mt vi ngi trong s nhng ngi bn hu ca S gi ca Allaah


(SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) nhn thy m nh Mnh (Laylat-ulQadr) trong mt gic m trong sut 7 m cui (thng Ramadhaan). V th
Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ni: Ta thy rng tt c cc
gic m ca cc ngi u ng rng n (Laylat-ul-Qadr) ri vo 7 m
cui. V th, ai mun tm kim n, th hy anh ta tm n vo 7 m
cui [Al-Bukhaaree v Muslim].
V iu ny cng c da trn Hadeeth trong Muslim, n t Ibn Umar
(RadiyAllaahu anhu) rng Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ni:

Hy tm n trong 10 m cui. Nhng nu ai trong s cc ngi tr nn


yu sc hoc khng c kh nng, th ng 7 m (cui) cn li lm anh
ta kit sc. [4]
Trong s cc m l ca 7 m cui, m nh Mnh gn st vi m th 27
nht da v hadeeth ca Ubay Ibn Kaab (RadiyAllaahu anhu) ni :

Th vi Allaah, ti bit l m no. l m m S gi ca Allaah


(SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ra l nh chng ti dng l Salaah m.
l m th 27. [Muslim]

m nh Mnh (Laylat-ul-Qadr) khng ch c nh vo mt m duy


nht xuyn sut cc nm. ng hn l, n (m nh Mnh) khng ngng thay
i. Th nn, v d nh vo nm no , n c th ri vo m th 27 v vo
mt nm khc, n c th ri vo m th 25, theo mun v s sng sut ca
Allaah. Nhng g nh hng cho chng ta v iu ny chnh l li ni ca Thin
s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam): Hy tm kim n (m nh Mnh) khi cn

li 9 m (trong thng Ramadhaan), khi cn l i 7 m, hoc khi cn li 5 m


(v d nh m 21, 23 v 25, ln lt theo th t m khng cp n m
27). [5]
Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr ni trong Fath -ul-Baaree: kin chc chn nht
chnh l n (m nh Mnh) ri vo mt m l trong 10 m cui v n lin
tc thay i.
Allaah che du i kin thc v s din ra ca n vi cc b ti ca Ngi
bi s Khoan Dung m Ngi dnh cho h h c th gia tng hnh o bng
vic dng l Salaah, thc hin Dhikr v cu xin trong khi tm kim n (Laylatul-Qadr) sut nhng m thing ling ny. V th, h ngy cng n gn vi
Allaah v nhng n thng ca Ngi hn na. V Ngi cng che du n khi bn
h v Ngi mun th thch h (nhng b ti ca Ngi) xem ai trong s bn
h phn u v n lc tm kim n v ai l ngi li bing v l l. Bi l,
nhng ai khng ngng phn u v iu g , anh ta s n lc trong vic tm
ti n v chu kh nhc tm thy n v t c n.
V c th, Allaah tit l vi mt s b ti ca Ngi v thi gian m n din
ra thng qua cc hin tng v du hiu m mt con ngi c th nhn thy,
cng nh Thin S (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) nhn th y du hiu ca
n v Ngi ph phc trn mt t bn trong bui sng tip theo sau m
y. Vy l, tri ma trong m y (Laylat-ul-Qadr) v Ngi dng l
Salaah v bui sng (Fajr) tip theo trn t bn. [6]
[Tc gi: Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-Uthaimeen, trch trong sch ca
ng: Majaalis Shahr Ramadaan (trang 106-107)]

Ch thch:
[3]




"
"

Thut li bi Aaishah:
S gi ca Allaah (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ni rng:

Hy tm kim Laylat-ul-Qadr trong nhng m l ca 10 m cui thng


Ramadhaan.
Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Hadeeth s 2017
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 4
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 234
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/32/4

Cc Hadeeth tng t:
1. Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Hadeeth s 2020
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 7
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 237
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/32/7
2. Saheeh Muslim, Hadeeth s 1165c
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 13, Hadeeth s 269
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Quyn s 6, Hadeeth s 2619
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/muslim/13/269

[4]










"
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Thut li bi Ibn Umar:
Mt vi ngi trong s nhng v bn hu ca Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa
sallam) c ch ra trong nhng gic m ca h rng Laylat-ul-Qadr ri vo
7 m cui ca thng Ramadhaan. S gi ca Allaah (SallAllaahu alayhi wa
sallam) ni: Dng nh l tt c nhng gic m ca cc ngi u ng

rng n (Laylat-ul-Qadr) ri vo 7 m cui, v ai mun tm kim n (Laylat ul-Qadr) th nn tm trong 7 m cui (ca thng Ramadhaan).
Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Hadeeth s 2015
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 2
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 232
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng k hp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/32/2

[5]





"
."
c thut li bi Ibn Abbas:
Thin s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ni: Hy tm kim Laylat-ul-Qadr

trong 10 m cui ca thng Ramadhaan, vo m khi m ch cn 9 hoc 7 m


cn li trong 10 m cui ca Ramadhaan. (v d nh: 21, 23, 25 ln lt nh
vy).

Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Hadeeth s 2021


Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 8
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 32, Hadeeth s 238
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/32/8

[6]









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.

c thut li bi Abu said Al-Khudri:


S gi ca Allaah (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) tng thc hnh I tikaaf vo
gia thng Ramadhaan v c mt ln Ngi trong Itikaaf cho n m 21
v chnh vo bui sng ca m hm , Ngi tng ra khi Itikaaf. Thin
s (SallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) n i: Ai trong Itikaaf vi T a nn

li Itikaaf trong 10 m cui cng, bi v Ta c thng bo (v ngy) ca


m (Laylat-ul-Qadr) nhng Ta b khin cho qun mt. (Trong gic m) Ta
thy mnh ph phc trn t bn v nc trong bui sng ca m . V
th, hy tm n trong 10 m cui v trong nhng m l ca chng. Tri
ma vo m y v mi ca masjid b git nc nh th n c lm bng nhng
thn l ca tn cy ch l. Ti chnh mt nhn thy du t bn v nc trn
trn ca Thin s (trong bui sng ca m 21).
Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Hadeeth s 2027
Mc lc theo sch: Quyn s 33, Hadeeth s 3
Mc lc theo website (ting Anh): Vol.3, Quyn s 3 3, Hadeeth s 244
(h thng sp xp th t c th khng c trng khp)
Ngun: http://sunnah.com/bukhari/33/3