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Arthropod + Echinoderm Quiz

DEFINITIONS :

Chitin

A carbohydrate found in
arthropod exoskeletons

Cephalothorax

Consists of the head (sensory


structures) and upper body
(thorax-internal organs)

Madreporite

A sievelike plate which water


passes into the vascular system

Green Glands

Malphighian Tibules

Spiracles

Unirama

Pheromones

Complete Meta

Incomplete Meta

Chelicerata

(Terrestrial Arthropods) Glands


near the base of the antennae;
filter out waste materials (like
kidneys)
Remove wastes from blood and
add to undigested material;
remove via anus
Breathing holes located along the
sides of insects; connected to air
tubes
Group within arthropods;
centipedes, millipedes, insects
Chemicals that affect
behaviour/development of others
of same species (mating, path to
food source)
Egg- Hatched Larva (looks
nothing like adult)- Mature larvaPupa- Emerging Adult
Egg- Nymph (small adult)Juvenile- Adult
Arthropod characterized by a twopart body and mouthparts called
chelicerae- adapted for different
purposes depending on species.

1. Special Features of Arthropod Classes:


Uniramia- Centipedes, millipedes, and insects
o Have one pair of antennae and appendages that do
not branch
Chelicerates- horseshoe crabs, ticks, scorpions
o Have two=part body and mouthparts called
chelicerae
Crustacea- cayfish
o Hard exoskeleton, two pairs of antennae, and
mouthparts called mandibles
2. Suitability of crayfish to their environment
Crayfish live aquatically;
o Swimmerets- small under tail used for movement
o Special appendages- Antennae, claws (catching
prey), walking legs, tail (balance and powerful
swimming stroke), mandables/jaw
o Gills (repiration), green glands (excretion)
3. Water Vascular systemfeeding!
H2O enters madreporite -> Stone Canal -> Ring Canal ->
Radial Canals -> Ampullae -> Tube Feet
o Ampullae allow H2O in and out of tube feet,
movement helps create suction
Feeding:
o Ampullae regulate suction in tube feet
o Uses suction to put pressure on valves of clam
o Inverts stomach into mantle cavity of clam
o Digestive enzymes break down tissues in clam ->
absorbs nutrients externally
4. Special Features of Arthropods:
Tough Exoskeleton (chitin, calcium carbonate)
Jointed Appendages (legs, antennae, claws)
Segmented body (cephalathorax (crayfish), abdomen)
5. Special Features of Echinoderms:
Spiny Skin
Five-part radial symmetry
Water vascular System
Tube Feet