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تعلم استخدام ايرداس خطوة خطوة 2

تعلم استخدام ايرداس خطوة خطوة 2

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منشور بواسطةmahmoud abdelrahman

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Published by: mahmoud abdelrahman on Feb 23, 2010
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03/22/2013

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1
ﻢﻴﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﻢﺴﺑ




Learn to Use ERDAS IMAGINE
Step by Step

bawahidi@yahoo.com
ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﻗﻻﺍﺭﻭﺼﻟ ﺔﻴﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ - Image Preprocessing

ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺕﺎﻨﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺹﻼﺨﺘﺴﻻ ﺭﻴﺴﻔﺘﻟﺍﻭ لﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟ ﺓﺯﻫﺎﺠ ﺓﺭﻭﺼﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﻜﺘﻟ ﺎﻘﺒﺴﻤ ﺕﺎﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺀﺍﺭﺠﺍ ﺏﺠﻴ .
لﻤﺸﺘ ﺔﻴﻟﻭﻻﺍ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟﺎﻓ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﺓﺭﻭﺼﺒﻭ :
* ﻲﺴﺩﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻟﺍ
* ﻲﻋﺎﻌﺸﻻﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻟﺍ
* ﺞﻴﺠﻀﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺹﻠﺨﺘﻟﺍ

Geometric Correction - :

لﻤﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ،ﺔﺒﻜﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﻉﺎﻔﺘﺭﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻴﻴﻐﺘﻟﺍﻭ ،ﺢﺴﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻋﺭﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻴﻐﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨ ،ﺔﻴﺴﺩﻨﻫ ﺕﺎﻫﻭﺸﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﺨﻟﺍﺔﻴﺌﺎﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺼﻟﺍ ﻱﻭﺘﺤﺘ
ﺢﻁﺴ ﺀﺎﻨﺤﻨﺍ لﻌﻔﺒ ﺕﺎﻫﻭﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺙﺩﺤﺘ ﻙﻟﺫﻜﻭ ﻱﻭﺠﻟﺍ ﻑﻼﻐﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻌﺸﻻﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻜﻨﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻋﺭﺴﻭ ،ﺩﻌﺒ ﻥﻋ ﺭﺎﻌﺸﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﺓﺯﻬﺠﺃ
ﺙﻴﺤﺒ ﺕﺎﻫﻭﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻟﺍﺯﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻤﻜﻴ ﻲﺴﺩﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻲﺴﺎﺴﻻﺍ ﺽﺭﻐﻟﺍ .ﺱﻴﺭﺎﻀﺘﻟﺍ ﻑﻼﺘﺨﺍ لﻌﻔﺒ ﺔﺤﺍﺯﻻﺍﻭ ،ﺽﺭﻻﺍ
ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻭﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻟﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻰﻤﺴﺘﻭ ﺔﻁﻴﺭﺨﻟﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﺴﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻘﺒﺎﻁﺘﻤﻭ ﺔﺤﺤﺼﻤ ﺓﺭﻭﺼﻟﺍ لﻌﺠﺘ
Rectification
ﺔﻤﻅﺘﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻫﻭﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻤ ﺹﻠﺨﺘﻟﺎﺒ ﺔﻓﻭﺭﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﻗﻻﺍ ﺭﻭﺼﻟ ﺔﺠﺘﻨﻤﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺭﺸﻟﺍ ﺕﻤﺎﻗ ﺩﻗﻭ ) ﺭﻔﺼﻻﺍ ﻥﻭﻠﻟﺍ ( ﻥﻋ
ﺎﺒﻀﺎﻴﺭ ﺕﺎﻫﻭﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻤ لﻴﻠﺤﺘﺒ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ لﻭﺼﺤﻟﺍ ﻡﺘﻴ ﺔﻴﻀﺎﻴﺭ ﻎﻴﺼ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻕﻴﺭﻁ . ﺔﻫﻭﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﻱﺭﺨﻻﺍ لﻤﺍﻭﻌﻟﺍ ﺎﻤﺃ
ﺓﺭﻭﺼﻠﻟ ) ﺭﻀﺨﻻﺍ ﻥﻭﻠﻟﺍ ( ﺔﻓﻭﺭﻌﻤ ﻁﺒﻀ ﺕﻻﺩﺎﻌﻤ ﻕﻓﻭ ﺔﻴﻀﺭﺍ ﻡﻜﺤﺘ ﻁﺎﻘﻨﺒ ﺔﻴﺌﺎﻀﻔﻟﺍ ﺭﻭﺼﻟﺍ ﻁﺒﺭﺒ ﻙﻟﺫﻭ ﺎﻬﺤﻴﺤﺼﺘ ﻡﺘﻴﻓ .
ﻤﻋ ﺀﺍﺭﺠﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﻟ ﻕﺭﻁﺘﻨﻨﺴ ﺱﺭﺩﻟﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓ ﺱﺍﺩﺭﻴﺍ ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒ ﻡﺍﺩﺨﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻨﺼﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﻗﻻﺍ ﺭﻭﺼﻟ ﻲﺴﺩﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠ .
ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻠﻟ ﺝﺎﺘﺤﻨ ﻰﺘﻤ

. :
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Change Detection
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GIS Modeling
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Classification
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ArcInfo
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Distance & Area Measurement
-
Mosaicking Images

Erdas Tour Guide, Erdas Field Guide, 1999
ﻲﺴﺩﻨﻬﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻠﻟ ﻥﻴﺘﻌﺌﺎﺸ ﻥﻴﺘﻘﻴﺭﻁ ﻙﺎﻨﻫ ﻥﺍ ﻑﺭﻌﻨ ﻥﺍ ﺎﻨﻤﻬﻴ
1-Image-to-map rectification ﺔﻁﻴﺭﺨﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺩﺨﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺓﺭﻭﺼﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘ
.
.
- Spatial Interpolation
Nth order
Polynomial transformation

Brightness values

Resampling


2-Image-to-image rectification ( )



.

Ground Control Points (GCP) –


.
. - GCPs
:
- .
-
- .


Resampling –

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. .



–
) (

.
(Images used: tmAtlanta.img- 30m and georeferenced SPOT panchromatic - panAtlanta-
10m)


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Session—Tile Viewers
- ) (
From Viewer 1:
File- Open- Raster Layer-tmAtlanta.img
) (
From Viewer :
File- Open- Raster Layer-panAtlanta.img





.

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From Viewer 1: Raster- Geometric Correction
OK Polynomial





Minimum number of GCPs = ((n + 1) (n + 2)/2
n-

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