فضل شهر الله المحرم ويوم عاشوراء

‫ﺑﺸﻬﺮ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ‪ ,‬ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ‬

‫ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﻭﺧﺘﻤﻬﺎ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﹴ‬
‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﻣﻦ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ‪ ,‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ‬
‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺍﻷﺻﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﲢﺮﳝﻪ"‪.‬‬

‫ﻋﺎﺷﻮراء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﺎرﻳﺦ‪:‬‬

‫ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺍﶈ ﹽﺮﻡ; ﺷﻬﺮ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺷﻬﻮﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻷﺷﻬﺮ ﺍ ﹹ‬
‫ﳊ ﹹﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟﳲ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫"ﺇﻥ ﹻﻋ ﳲﺪﺓﹷ ﳳ‬
‫ﹷﺎﺏ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹹﻬﻮﺭﹻ ﹻﻋﻨﹿ ﹷﺪ ﳲ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺍﺛﹿﻨﹷﺎ ﹷﻋﺸ ﹷﺮ ﺷ ﹿﻬ ﹱﺮﺍ ﻓﹻ ﻲ ﻛﹻ ﺘ ﹻ‬
‫ﳲ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹷﻤ ﹷﻮ ﹻ‬
‫ﺽ ﻣﹻ ﻨﹿ ﹷﻬﺎ ﺃ ﹿﺭﺑﹷ ﹷﻌ ﹲﺔ ﹹﺣ ﹹﺮ ﹲﻡ ﹷﺫﻟﹻﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﳴﻳ ﹹﻦ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹷﻭﺍﻷ ﹿﺭ ﹷ‬
‫ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹷﻡ ﹷﺧﻠ ﹷﻖ ﳲ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﹿ‬
‫ﹹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﹿ ﹷﻘ ﳴﻴ ﹹﻢ ﹷﻓﻼ ﺗﹷﻈ ﹻﻠ ﹹﻤﻮﺍ ﻓﹻ ﻴﻬﹻ ﳲﻦ ﺃﻧﹿﻔ ﹷﹹﺴﻜ ﹿﻢ‪"...‬‬
‫)ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‪ -‬ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ‪.(56‬‬

‫ﺍﺳﺘﹷ ﹷﺪﺍ ﹷﺭ‬
‫ﻭ ﹷﻋ ﹿﻦ ﺃﹷﺑﹻﻲ ﺑﹷ ﹿﻜﺮ‪ ,‬ﹷﻋﻦﹻ ﺍﻟ ﳲﻨﺒ ﳴﹻﻲ ] ﹷﻗﺎ ﹷﻝ‪" :‬ﺇ ﳲﹻﻥ ﺍﻟ ﳲﺰ ﹷﻣﺎ ﹷﻥ ﹷﻗﺪﹻ ﹿ‬
‫ﳲﹹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴ ﹷﻤ ﹷﻮ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﹷ ﹹﺔ ﺍﺛﹿﻨﹷﺎ ﹷﻋ ﹷﺸ ﹷﺮ‬
‫ﺍﺕ ﹷﻭﺍﻷﹷ ﹿﺭ ﹷ‬
‫ﺽ‪ ,‬ﳲ‬
‫ﹷﻛ ﹷﻬﻴﹿﺌﹷﺘﹻﻪﹻ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹷﻡ ﹷﺧﻠ ﹷ ﹷﻖ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﳲ‬
‫ﹷﺷ ﹿﻬ ﹱﺮﺍ ﻣﹻ ﻨﹿ ﹷﻬﺎ‪ ,‬ﺃﹷ ﹿﺭﺑﹷ ﹷﻌ ﹲﺔ ﹹﺣ ﹹﺮ ﹲﻡ‪ ,‬ﺛﹷ ﹷ‬
‫ﺎﺕ‪ ,‬ﹹﺫﻭ ﺍﻟﹿ ﹷﻘ ﹿﻌ ﹷﺪ ﹻﺓ ﹷﻭ ﹹﺫﻭ‬
‫ﻼﺙﹲ ﹹﻣﺘﹷ ﹷﻮﺍ ﹻﻟﻴﹷ ﹲ‬
‫ﺍﳊ ﳲﺠﺔﹻ ﹷﻭ ﹿ ﹹ ﹷ‬
‫ﹿﹻ‬
‫ﺍﶈ ﳲﺮ ﹹﻡ ﹷﻭ ﹷﺭ ﹷﺟ ﹹﺐ ﹹﻣ ﹷ‬
‫ﲔ ﹹﺟ ﹷﻤﺎ ﹷﺩﻯ ﹷﻭ ﹷﺷ ﹿﻌﺒﹷﺎﻥﹷ"‬
‫ﻀ ﹷﺮ ﺍ ﳲﻟﺬﹻ ﻱ ﺑﹷ ﹿ ﹷ‬
‫)ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ(‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺒﺐ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ‪:‬‬

‫ﻭﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﺳﻤﻲ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻪ ﺷﻬ ﹱﺮﺍ ﻣﺤﺮ ﹱﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺗﺄﻛﻴ ﹱﺪﺍ ﻟﺘﺤﺮﳝﻪ‪ ,‬ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‪" :‬ﻓﻼ‬
‫ﺗﻈﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ"‪ ,‬ﺃﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﶈﺮﻣﺔ ﻷﻧﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺁﻛﺪ ﻭﺃﺑﻠﻎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﺛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﺮﻫﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ [ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪" :‬ﻓﻼ ﺗﻈﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﻦ‬
‫ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ"‪ .‬ﻓﻲ ﻛﻠﻬﻦ ﺛﻢ ﺍﺧﺘﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‬
‫ﹽ‬
‫ﻭﻋﻈﻢ ﺣﺮﻣﺎﺗﻬﻦ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻧﺐ ﻓﻴﻬﻦ‬
‫ﻓﺠﻌﻠﻬﻦ ﺣﺮﺍ ﹱﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺭﺟﺐ‪" :‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ] ﺍﶈﺮﻡ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ‪,‬‬
‫ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺗﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﻓﻀﻠﻪ‪ ,‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﻀﻴﻒ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺗﻪ‪ ,‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺴﺐ ﻣﺤﻤ ﹱﺪﺍ‬
‫ﻭﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻭﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﺇﻟﻰ‬
‫ﻋﺒﻮﺩﻳﺘﻪ‪ ,‬ﻭﻧﺴﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﻧﺎﻗﺘﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ ا اﻟﻤﺤﺮم‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺭﺟﺐ‪" :‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻱ ﺍﻷﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﳊﺮﻡ‬
‫ﺃﻓﻀﻞ? ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻩ‪ :‬ﺃﻓﻀﻠﻬﺎ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺍﶈﺮﻡ‪,‬‬
‫ﻭﺭﺟﺤﻪ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﺄﺧﺮﻳﻦ‪ ,‬ﻭﺭﻭﻯ ﻭﻫﺐ ﺑﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﻗﺮﺓ ﺑﻦ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ‪ ,‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺑﺸﻬﺮ‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ )ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ( ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ]‬
‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﺮﺃﻯ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﺗﺼﻮﻡ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍﺀ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‪ " :‬ﹷﻣﺎ ﹷﻫ ﹷﺬﺍ‬
‫ﳲﹹ‬
‫ﺻﺎ ﹻﻟ ﹲﺢ‪ ,‬ﹷﻫ ﹷﺬﺍ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹲﻡ ﹷ ﳲ‬
‫ﹻﺳ ﹷﺮﺍﺋﹻﻴ ﹷﻞ ﻣﹻ ﹿﻦ‬
‫ﹷﻗﺎﻟﹹﻮﺍ ﹷﻫ ﹷﺬﺍ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹲﻡ ﹷ‬
‫ﳒﻰ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺑﹷﻨﹻﻲ ﺇ ﹿ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻰ ﻣﹻ ﻨﹿ ﹹﻜ ﹿﻢ‬
‫ﻮﺳﻰ‪ ,‬ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹷﻓ ﹷﺄﻧﹷﺎ ﺃﹷ ﹷﺣﻖﳳ ﹻ ﹹ‬
‫ﹷﻋ ﹹﺪ ﳴﻭ ﹻﻫ ﹿﻢ ﹷﻓ ﹷ‬
‫ﻤﺑ ﹷ‬
‫ﺼﺎ ﹷﻣ ﹹﻪ ﹹﻣ ﹷ‬
‫ﺼﺎ ﹷﻣ ﹹﻪ ﹷﻭﺃﹷ ﹷﻣ ﹷﺮ ﺑ ﹻ‬
‫ﹻﺼﻴﹷﺎﻣﹻ ﻪﹻ " )ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ(‪.‬‬
‫ﹷﻓ ﹷ‬

‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﺻﻴﺎم ﻋﺎﺷﻮراء‪:‬‬

‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ )ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ( ﻗﺎﻝ‪ " :‬ﹷﻣﺎ ﹷﺭﺃﹷﻳﹿ ﹹﺖ ﺍﻟ ﳲﻨﺒ ﳲﹻﻲ‬
‫] ﻳﹷﺘ ﹷﹷﺤ ﳲﺮﻯ ﹻﺻ ﹷﻴﺎ ﹷﻡ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹴﻡ ﹷﻓ ﳲﻀﻠ ﹷ ﹹﻪ ﹷﻋﻠﹷﻰ ﹷﻏﻴﹿ ﹻﺮ ﹻﻩ ﺇ ﹽﹻﻻ ﹷﻫ ﹷﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﹿ ﹷﻴ ﹿﻮ ﹷﻡ‬
‫ﺎﺷﻮ ﹷﺭﺍ ﹷﺀ‪ ,‬ﹷﻭ ﹷﻫ ﹷﺬﺍ ﳲ‬
‫ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹷﻡ ﹷﻋ ﹹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸ ﹿﻬ ﹷﺮ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻌﻨﹻﻲ ﹷﺷ ﹿﻬ ﹷﺮ ﹷﺭ ﹷﻣ ﹷ‬
‫ﻀﺎﻥﹷ‪".‬‬
‫)ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ( ﻭﻣﻌﻨﻰ "ﻳﺘﺤﺮﻯ" ﺃﻱ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ‬
‫ﺻﻮﻣﻪ ﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺛﻮﺍﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻏﺒﺔ ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻗﺘﺎﺩﺓ [ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ] ﻗﺎﻝ‪" :‬ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﻳﻮﻡ‬
‫ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍﺀ‪ ,‬ﺇﻧﻲ ﺃﺣﺘﺴﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﻗﺒﻠﻪ" )ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ(‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺒﺎﺏ ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﺗﺎﺳﻮﻋﺎﺀ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍﺀ‪:‬‬
‫ﺎﺱ )ﺭ ﹻﺿﻲ ﳲ‬
‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﹷﻋﺒﹿ ﹷﺪ ﳲ ﹻ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟﹹ ﹷﻋﻨﹿ ﹹﻬ ﹷﻤﺎ( ﻗﺎﻝ‪ :‬ﹻﺣ ﹷ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﺑﹿ ﹷﻦ ﹷﻋ ﳲﺒ ﹴ ﹷ ﹷ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ] ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹷﻡ ﹷﻋ ﹹ‬
‫ﺎﺷﻮ ﹷﺭﺍ ﹷﺀ ﹷﻭﺃﹷ ﹷﻣ ﹷﺮ ﺑ ﹻ‬
‫ﺻﺎ ﹷﻡ ﹷﺭ ﹹﺳﻮ ﹹﻝ ﳲ ﹻ‬
‫ﹻﺼﻴﹷﺎﻣﹻ ﻪﹻ ﹷﻗﺎﻟﹹﻮﺍ ﻳﹷﺎ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﳲ‬
‫ﹷﺭ ﹹﺳﻮ ﹷﻝ ﹻ‬
‫ﳲﺼﺎ ﹷﺭﻯ ﹷﻓ ﹷﻘﺎ ﹷﻝ ﹷﺭ ﹹﺳﻮ ﹹﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﹻﺇ ﳲﻧ ﹹﻪ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹲﻡ ﺗﹹ ﹷﻌ ﳴﻈ ﹹﻤ ﹹﻪ ﺍﻟﹿﻴﹷ ﹹﻬﻮ ﹹﺩ ﹷﻭﺍﻟﻨ ﹷ‬
‫ﳲ‬
‫ﹹ‬
‫ﳲﹻ‬
‫ﺻ ﹿﻤﻨﹷﺎ ﺍﻟﹿﻴﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹷﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ] ﹷﻓ ﹻﺈ ﹷﺫﺍ ﹷﻛﺎ ﹷﻥ ﺍﻟﹿ ﹷﻌﺎ ﹹﻡ ﹿﺍﳌ ﹹ ﹿﻘ ﹻﺒ ﹹﻞ ﹻﺇ ﹿﻥ ﹷﺷﺎ ﹷﺀ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﹹ‬
‫ﳲﺎﺳ ﹷﻊ ﹷﻗﺎ ﹷﻝ ﹷﻓﻠ ﹷ ﹿﻢ ﻳﹷ ﹿﺄ ﹻﺕ ﺍﻟﹿ ﹷﻌﺎ ﹹﻡ ﹿﺍﳌ ﹹ ﹿﻘ ﹻﺒ ﹹﻞ ﹷﺣﺘﳲﻰ ﺗﹹ ﹹﻮ ﳴﻓ ﹷﻲ ﹷﺭ ﹹﺳﻮ ﹹﻝ ﳲ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ‬
‫]" )ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﺃﺣﻤﺪ ﻭﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻭﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ‪:‬‬
‫"ﻳﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﺻﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ ﺟﻤﻴ ﹱﻌﺎ‪ ,‬ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ]‬
‫ﺻﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ‪ ,‬ﻭﻧﻮﻯ ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ"‪.‬‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺇﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍﺀ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ‪:‬‬

‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺷﻴﺦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺗﻴﻤﻴﺔ )ﺭﺣﻤﻪ ﺍﻪﻠﻟ(‪ :‬ﹻ‬
‫"ﺻﻴﹷﺎ ﹹﻡ ﻳﹷ ﹿﻮ ﹻﻡ‬
‫ﹷﻋ ﹹ‬
‫ﹻﺎﻟﺼ ﹿﻮ ﹻﻡ" )ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﻭﻯ‬
‫ﺎﺷﻮ ﹷﺭﺍ ﹷﺀ ﹷﻛﻔﳲﺎ ﹷﺭﺓﹹ ﹷﺳﻨ ﹴﹷﺔ ﹷﻭﻻ ﻳﹹ ﹿﻜ ﹷﺮﻩﹹ ﺇ ﹿﻓ ﹷﺮﺍ ﹹﺩﻩﹹ ﺑ ﳲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻓﻲ ﲢﻔﺔ ﺍﶈﺘﺎﺝ ﻻﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺘﻤﻲ‪" :‬ﻭﻋﺎﺷﻮﺭﺍﺀ ﻻ‬
‫ﺑﺄﺱ ﺑﺈﻓﺮﺍﺩﻩ‪) "..‬ﺑﺎﺏ ﺻﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻉ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻹﻛﺜﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺤ ﹽﺮﻡ‪:‬‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﹿﻀﻞﹹ‬
‫ﹷﻋ ﹿﻦ ﺃﹷﺑﹻﻲ ﹹﻫ ﹷﺮﻳﹿ ﹷﺮﺓﹷ [ ﹷﻗﺎ ﹷﻝ‪ :‬ﹷﻗﺎ ﹷﻝ ﹷﺭ ﹹﺳﻮ ﹹﻝ ﳲ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ]‪" :‬ﺃﻓ ﹷ‬
‫ﺍﻪﻠﻟ ﹿ ﹹ ﹷ‬
‫ﻀﺎ ﹷﻥ ﹷﺷ ﹿﻬ ﹹﺮ ﳲ ﹻ‬
‫ﺍﶈ ﳲﺮ ﹹﻡ‪ ,‬ﹷﻭﺃﹷﻓ ﹷ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﹷ ﹻﺎﻡ ﺑﹷ ﹿﻌ ﹷﺪ ﹷﺭ ﹷﻣ ﹷ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼ ﹻﺓ‬
‫ﳴ‬
‫ﹿﻀ ﹹﻞ ﳲ‬
‫ﳲ‬
‫ﹿ‬
‫ﹷ‬
‫ﺔﹻ‬
‫ﹹ‬
‫ﺑﹷ ﹿﻌ ﹷﺪ ﺍﻟﻔ ﹻﺮ ﹷ‬
‫ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﹿﻞﹻ " )ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ(‪.‬‬
‫ﻳﻀ ﹷ‬
‫ﹽ‬
‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ] ﻟﻢ ﻳﺼﻢ ﺷﻬ ﹱﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﻗﻂ ﻏﻴﺮ‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﹽ‬
‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ‪ ,‬ﻓﻴﹹﺤﻤﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻛﺜﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺤﺮﻡ‪ ,‬ﻻ ﺻﻮﻣﻪ ﻛﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﹽ‬

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