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BSS 14.

0
AMR unpacking optimisation
BSS21120
Krystian Majchrowicz
Network Engineering
COO RA RD SA NE
January 2008

AMR unpacking optimisation


History & Reason for Introduction

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Packing HO
In BSS 10.0 AMR was introduced together with
packing and unpacking handover functionality.
Spontaneous packing is triggered when the cell load
is high enough, i.e. the number of free full rate
resources reduces below the value of the parameter
lower limit for FR TCH resources. Packing
continues until the cell load is low enough, i.e. the
number of free full rate resources increases above the
value of the parameter upper limit for FR TCH
resources. After a new channel allocation an intra-cell
HO is performed for a certain number of AMR FR
calls. The number is defined so that the amount of
free full rate resources increases by one when
compared to the situation before the new channel
allocation.
Handovers are performed for AMR FR calls whose
quality is above the intra HO threshold Rx qual
AMR FR threshold for AMR FR.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Unpacking HOs
AMR HR calls are handed over back to
AMR FR calls when the quality of an AMR
HR call degrades below the intra HO
threshold Rx qual AMR HR threshold for
AMR HR. This is the criteria for the lowest
priority level unpacking handover.
Higher prior unpacking HO is is triggered
if the average RxQual is above intra HO
threshold Rx qual AMR HR threshold
and at the same time level degrades
below threshold level uplink Rx level or
threshold level downlink Rx level. In
such case unpacking is triggered before
handover due to low RxLev is started.
In case of unpacking HO cell load does
not have any effect

AMR HO signalling optimisation


MaxCap feature
Up to BSS 11.0 when inter cell handover due to quality was triggered, and
there was no suitable target cell, even if the criteria for unpacking were
satisfied, the call remained in HR (did not unpack).
In BSS 11.0 starting from CD 3.0 onwards this limitation is withdrawn by
means of MaxCap feature.
This feature is active from default. The parameter responsible for MaxCap
feature activation is UTPFIL (Unit Type Associated Parameter File) parameter ID
7B.
However the performed trials shown increased Dropped Call Rate with the
MaxCap feature due to many risky unpacking HOs in poor radio conditions (bad
quality). Therefore up to BSS11.0 MaxCap feature was not recommended to be
enabled.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


DFCA algorithm improvements (1/2)
Due to aforementioned limitation and the risk of intracell HO in bad radio
conditions next improvement was introduced in BSS11.5. This is the mechanism
to prevent quality based intra-cell HO (interference or packing/unpacking)
when the averaged RXQUAL is equal or worse than RXQUAL limit defined by
the new threshold.
Also for this type of quality based HOs the mechanism to prohibit HO if the
signal level is below the new threshold was implemented. These new
thresholds allow the operator to prohibit intra cell handovers in radio conditions
where the handover is in significant risk of failure potentially dropping the call.
These two new UTPFIL parameters are: RCS_QUAL_LIMIT_DFCA_PRM_C
(UTPFIL ID=05AC006B: 81) and RCS_INTF_LEV_DFCA_THR_PRM_C
(UTPFIL ID=05AC006B: 80). The first one is the quality threshold which blocks
intra cell HO (in other words if RxQual is equal or above this threshold, HO is not
triggered).
Due to possibility to prevent risky unpacking HOs in poor radio conditions starting
from BSS11.5 also MaxCap feature is recommended to be used.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


DFCA algorithm improvements (2/2)
Furthermore in BSS11.5 higher RxLev limit for AMR unpacking handovers
was introduced (UTPFIL ID= 05AC006B: 7E). This parameter disallows
unpacking HOs if the signal level exceeds this threshold.
It aims to reduce unnecessary AMR HR-> AMR FR-> AMR HR changes. With the
level limit HR codec can be kept and just change HR channel in case of
interference.
If the unpacking quality threshold (intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR HR) is
below interference quality threshold (threshold Dl Rx Qual AMR HR or
threshold Ul Rx Qual AMR HR), HO from AMR HR to AMR FR would be
triggered before interference HO (eg. unpacking quality threshold = 5,
interference quality threshold =4).
If after unpacking HO quality would degrade, interference HO would be
started. After this type of HO in DFCA network quality usually improves what
could lead to packing HO. In this way instead of interference HO only, there
would be unnecessary AMR HR-> AMR FR-> AMR HR HOs. With the new
higher RxLev limit for AMR unpacking handovers threshold it is possible to
prevent this situation.

AMR unpacking optimisation Feature Details

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Feature details
In BSS 14 the last step of AMR unpacking optimization is introduced. From the

functional point of view HO mechanism itself is not changed.


The UTPFIL parameters (ID: 7E, 80 and 81) are replaced with new HOC
parameters: intra HO upper rx level limit AMR HR, intra HO lower rx level
limit AMR HR and intra HO lower rx quality limit AMR.
These new HOC parameters are taken into account in case of AMR unpacking
and interference based intra cell handover decisions. The only modification is
that from BSS14 on unpacking is not allowed if RxQual is above the
threshold (previously it was equal or greater than the threshold).
If averaged uplink or downlink quality is same or below to threshold intra HO
lower rx quality limit AMR, intra-cell handover to switch an AMR HR call to an
AMR FR and interference based intra cell handover is not allowed.
Moreover RxLev is also limiting factor for unpacking in the following way:
If UL or DL level is below intra HO lower rx level limit AMR HR, intra-cell
handover to switch an AMR HR call to an AMR FR is not allowed.
If UL or DL level is above intra HO upper rx level limit AMR HR, intra-cell
handover to switch an AMR HR call to an AMR FR is not allowed.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Feature details

Until BSS 11.5 intracell handover from HR to FR was triggered if RxQual


was above intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR HR (on the picture it is
named as IHRH). This was standard unpacking procedure.
In BSS 11.5 with the new UTPFIL parameter (from BSS 14.0 on called
intra HO lower rx quality limit AMR) unpacking procedure was
enhanced. Now it is only allowed if RxQual is between intra HO
threshold Rx qual AMR HR and intra HO lower rx quality limit AMR
(on the picture it is called respectively: IHRH and RxQualLimit).

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Database parameters
Parameter

Description

Intra HO lower rx
quality limit AMR = 7,
object:
unit:

HOC
dBm

range:
<0.2% (0),
0.2%..0.4% (1),
0.4%..0.8% (2),
0.8%..1.6% (3),
1.6%..3.2% (4),
3.2%..6.4% (5),
12.8% (6),
(7)
default:

6.4%
> 12.8%
7

Intra HO lower rx quality limit AMR (intraHoLoRxQualLimAmr), this


parameter determines threshold of the averaged UL and DL signal quality for
preventing to trigger a quality based intra-cell handover. If averaged UL or DL
signal quality is worse than the threshold defined with this parameter the intracell handover to switch an AMR HR call to an AMR FR and interference based
intra cell handover is not allowed.
Note:
Setting this parameter to the default value of 7 means that quality based intracell handover will never be prevented.
Moreover setting this threshold to the lowest possible value i.e. 0 will not block
all quality based intracell HO since they will not be prevented if RxQual=0.
Rule: Intra HO lower rx quality limit AMR threshold should be set in conjunction
with quality threshold AMR Handover HR Intra Threshold DL Rx Qual
(amrHoHrInHoThrDlRxQual) parameter in such a way that
intraHoLoRxQualLimAmr > amrHoHrInHoThrDlRxQual.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Database parameters
Parameter
Intra HO lower rx level limit
AMR HR = -100,
object:
unit:
range:
default:

HOC
dBm
-110..-47 (step 1)
-100

Intra HO upper rx level limit


AMR HR =-47,
object:
unit:
range:
default:

HOC
dBm
-110..-47 (step 1)
-47

Description
Intra HO lower rx level limit AMR HR (intraHoLoRxLevLimAmrHr), this
threshold determines the averaged UL and DL signal level for preventing to
trigger a quality based intra-cell handover. If averaged UL or DL signal level
is worse than defined with this parameter the intra-cell handover to switch an
AMR HR call to an AMR FR and interference based intra cell handovers are
not allowed.
Intra HO upper rx level limit AMR HR (intraHoUpRxLevLimAmrHr), this
threshold determines the the averaged UL and DL signal level for preventing
to trigger unpacking handover. If averaged UL or DL signal level is above this
threshold, intra cell handover to switch an AMR HR call to an AMR FR is not
allowed.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Feature parametrization

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Simulation results impact on DCR
Highest Dropped Call Rate
reduction with intra HO lower rx
quality limit AMR = 5

DCR is the lowest if the intra HO


lower rx level limit AMR HR
equals -70dBm

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Simulation results impact on blocking and speech
quality
The higher quality threshold

(intra HO threshold Rx qual AMR


HR) the fewer unpacking HOs.
The lower quality threshold the
higher blocking since more calls
are on FR.
More unpacking attempts
increase the probability of drop
With lower quality threshold more
users will be served on the FR
channel. Therefore in terms of Bad
Quality Samples (FER>4.2%) it is
expected that with higher FR
traffic FER will improve.
Performed simulation has
confirmed this expectation in UL.
In DL with increased FR traffic
interference is also increased
causing that with more FR traffic
FER degrades.

AMR HO signalling optimisation


Simulation results - impact on speech
quality
There is no impact of different

Both in UL and DL FER is improved because lower level


threshold forces users to stay in HR longer, reducing the
interference in the network.

values of intra HO lower rx


quality limit AMR (RxQualLimit)
on UL FER degradation.
Furthermore UL FER
improvement was observed for
intra HO lower rx level limit AMR
HR (named as RxLevelLimits)
values of -80 and -70dBm.
DL FER degradation was not
observed for different values of
RxQualLimit.
Moreover
an
DL
FER
improvement was achieved for
RxQualLimit of 5.
For
different
values
of
RxLevelLimits a huge DL FER
improvement was observed for
RxLevelLimits values of -80 and
-70dBm.

Thank you
for your attention!