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THE LAW ON

PRESCRIPTION
OBLIGATIONS AND CONTRACTS
NATURAL OBLIGATIONS
ESTOPPEL
TRUSTS
COURSE OUTLINE 1 AND CASES
SCHOOL YEAR 2014 2015
XAVIER UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF LAW
KATHRYN PINEDA - DELA SERNA
I.

PRESCRIPTION (Book III, Title V)

1. General Considerations - Articles 1106 to 1116


CASES:

Pablo R. Antonio, Jr. vs. Engr. Emilio M. Morales, G.R. No.


165552, January 23, 2007
Celerino E. Mercado vs. Belen Espinocilla and Ferdinand
Espinocilla, , G.R. No. 184109, February 01, 2012
Genaro Navera and Emma Amador, vs. The Honorable
Court of Appeals, Arsenio Nares And Felix Nares, G.R. No.
L-56838, April 26, 1990
Tijam vs. Sibonghanoy, G.R. No. l-21450, April 15, 1968,
32 SCRA 29
Abraham vs. Recto-Kasten, G.R. No. L-16741, January 31,
1962, 4 SCRA 298
Nielson & Co., Inc. vs. Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co.,
G.R. No. L-21601, December 17, 1966, 18 SCRA 1040
Development Bank of the Philippines vs. Adil, G.R. No. L48889, May 11, 1989, 161 SCRA 307
Hydro Resources Contractors Corporation vs. National
Irrigation Administration, G. R. No. 160215, November 10,
2004

2. Prescription of Ownership and Other Real Rights - Articles


1117 to 1138
CASES:

1 Unless otherwise indicated, reference is to the Civil Code.

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Sps. Aguirre v. Heirs of Lucas Villanueva, et al., G.R. No.


169898, October 27, 2006
Heirs Of Spouses Joaquin Manguardia and Susana
Manalo vs. Heirs of Simplicio Valles and Marta Valles, G.R.
No. 177616, August 27, 2014
Heirs of Marcelina Arzadon-Crisologo vs. Agrifina Raon,
G.R. NO. 171068, September 5, 2007
Republic of the Philippines vs. Emmanuel C. Cortez, G.R.
No. 186639, February 05, 2014
Moises Kummer vs. CA, et al., G.R. No. 112933, September
25, 2002
Juan Dacasin, et al., vs. The Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L32723 October 28, 1977
Limcoma Multi-Purpose Cooperative vs. Republic of the
Philippines, G.R. No. 167652, July 10, 2007
Eusebio & Susana Laurel vs. Sps. Tiburcio & Paula Ira
Acuna, et al., G.R. No. 143295, July 19, 2000
Bogo-Medellin Milling Co., Inc. vs. Court of Appeals and
Heirs of Magdaleno Valdez Sr., G.R. No. 124699. July 31,
2003
Rosario P. Tan cs. Artemio G. Ramirez, et al., G.R. No.
158929, August 03, 2010
Reynaldo Aguirre, et al. vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R.
No. 122249, January 29, 2004
Lina Abalon Lubos vs. Marites Galupo, G.R. No. 139136,
January 16, 2002
Oledad Calicdan vs. Silverio Cendaa, G. R. No. 155080,
February 5, 2004

3. Prescription of Actions - Article 1139 to 1155


CASES:

Intercontinental Broadcasting Corp. v. Panganiban,


G.R. No. 151407, February 6, 2007
Desamparados M. Soliva vs. The Intestate Estate of
Villalba, G.R. No. 154017, December 8, 2003
Januaria A. Rivera vs. United Laboratories, Inc., G.R.
No. 155639, April 22, 2009
Spouses Fernando and Angelina Edralin vs. Philippine
Veterans Bank, G.R. No. 168523, March 09, 2011
Vector Shipping Corporation and Francisco Soriano vs.
American Home Assurance Company and Sulpicio
Lines, Inc., G.R. No. 159213, July 03, 2013

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Jaime Ledesma vs. Court of Appeals and Rizal


Commercial Banking Corporation, G.R. No. 106646,
June 30, 1993
Consuelo N. Vda. De Gualberto, et al. vs. Francisco H.
Go, et al., G.R. No. 139843, July 21, 2005
Teekay Shipping Phils., Inc., and/or Teekay Shipping
Canada vs. Ramier C. Concha, G.R. No. 185463,
February 22, 2012
Rufa A. Rubio, et al. vs. Lourdes Alabata, G.R. No.
203947, February 26, 2014
Dolores Campos vs. Dominador Ortega, Sr., et al., G.R.
No. 171286, June 02, 2014
Magdiwang Realty Corporation, et al. vs. The Manila
Banking Corporation, G.R. No. 195592, September 5,
2012
II.

OBLIGATIONS (Book IV, Title I)

1. General Considerations - Articles 1156 to 1162


CASES:

The Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company vs. Ana Grace


Rosales and Yo Yuk To, G.R. No. 183204, January 13,
2014
The Office of the Solicitor General vs. Ayala Land
Incorporated, et al., G.R. No. 177056, September 18, 2009
Ang Yu Asuncion vs. CA, G.R. No. 109124, December 2,
1994, 238 SCRA 602
Compania de Seguros, Inc. vs. CA, G.R. No.78860, May 28,
1990, 185 SCRA 741
Ang Yu Asuncion vs. CA, G.R. No. 109124, December 2,
1994, 238 SCRA 602
Compania de Seguros, Inc. vs. CA, G.R. No.78860, May 28,
1990, 185 SCRA 741

2. Nature and Effect of Obligations - Articles 1163 to 1178


CASES:

Spouses Luigi M. Guanio and Anna Hernandez-Guanio vs.


MakatiShangri-La Hotel and Resort, Inc., aka Shangri-La Hotel
Manila, G.R. No. 190601, 7 February 2011
Jimmy Co vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 124922
June 22, 1998
Gaisano Cagayan, Inc. vs. Insurance Company of North
America, G.R. No. 147839, June 8, 2006

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Rosendo O. Chaves vs. Fructuoso Gonzales, G.R. No. L27454, April 30, 1970
Heirs of Ramon C. Gaite, et al. vs. The Plaza, Inc., et al.,
G.R. No. 177685, January 26, 2011
Ece Realty and Development, Inc. vs. Haydyn Hernandez,
G.R. No. 212689, August 11, 2014
Arco Pulp And Paper Co., Inc., et al. vs. Dan T. Lim, G.R.
No. 206806, June 25, 2014
Galileo A. Maglasang vs. Northwestern Inc., University,
G.R. No. 188986, March 20, 2013
Manila Electric Company vs. Matilde Macabagdal
Ramoy, et al., G.R. No. 158911, March 4, 2008
Solidbank Corporation/ Metropolitan Bank and Trust
Company vs. Spouses Peter and Susan Tan, G.R. No.
167346, April 2, 2007
Philippine Communications Satellite Corporation vs. Globe
Telecom, Inc., G.R. No. 147324, May 25, 2004
Fil-Estate Properties, Inc. vs. Spouses Gonzalo and
Consuelo Go, G.R. No. 165164, August 17, 2007
Quasha Asperilla Ancheta Valmonte Pea & Marcos vs.
The Honorable Celestino P. Juan, et al., G.R. No. L-49140,
November 19, 1982

3. Different Kinds of Obligations


a. Pure and Conditional Obligations - Articles 1179 to
1192
Cases:

Magdalena Estate vs. Myrick, 71 Phil. 346


Araneta vs. Phil. Sugar Estates Development Co., 20
SCRA 330
Icelet Lalicon and Vicelen Laliconvs. National
Housing Authority, G.R. No. 185440, July 13, 2011
Central Philippine University vs. Court of Appeals,
Remedios Franco, et al., G.R. No. 112127, July 17,
1995
Coronel vs. CA, G.R. No. 103577, October 7, 1996
Javier vs. CA, G.R. No.48194, March 15, 1990, 183
SCRA 171
Lao Lim vs. CA, G.R. No. 87047, October 31, 1990,
191 SCRA 150
Velarde vs. CA, G.R. No. 108346, July 11, 2001

b. Obligations with a Period - Article 1193 to 1198

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CASES:

Radiowealth Finance Company vs. Del Rosario, G.R.


No. 138739, July 6, 2000, 335 SCRA 288
Daguhoy Enterprises vs. Rita L. Ponce, G.R. No. L6515, October 18, 1954
Enrique C. Abad, et al. vs. G.R. No. 168108, April
13, 2007
Paul Schenker vs. William F. Gemperle, G.R. No. L16449, August 31, 1962
Ciriaco Tiglao, et al, vs. The Manila Railroad
Company, .R. No. L-7900, January 12, 1956
Central Philippine University vs. Court of Appeals, et
al., G.R. No. 112127. July 17, 1995

c. Alternative Obligations - Article 1199 to 1206


CASES:

Clara Tambunting de Legarda, et al. vs. Victoria


Desbarats Miailhe, G.R. No. L-3435, April 28, 1951
Daniel L. Borbon, et al. vs. Servicewide Specialists,
Inc., et al., G.R. No. 106418, July 11, 1996
Rancisco I. Chavez vs. Public Estates Authority, et
al., G.R. No. 133250, May 6, 2003

d. Joint and Solidary Obligations - Articles 1207 to 1222


CASES:

Ernesto V. Ronquillo vs. Honorable Court of


Appeals and Antonio P. So, G.R. No. L-55138.
September 28, 1984
Imperial Insurance, Inc. vs. David, 133 SCRA
317, November 21, 1984
Purita Alipio vs. Court of Appeals and Romeo G.
Jaring, G.R. No. 134100, September 29, 2000
Sesbreno vs. CA, G.R. No. 89252, May 24, 1993,
222 SCRA 466
Imperial Insurance, Inc. vs. David, G.R. No. L32425, November 21, 1994, 133 SCRA317

e. Divisible and Indivisible Obligations - Article 1223 to


1225
CASES:

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Intestate Estate of Francisco Ubat, et al. vs.


Atanasia Ubat De Montes, et al., G.R. No. L11633, January 31, 1961.
Natividad P. Nazareno vs. Court of Appeals, et al.,
G.R. No. 138842, October 18, 2000
Leonardo Bognot vs. Rri Lending Corporation,
G.R. No. 180144, September 24, 2014
Spouses Rodolfo Berot and Lilia Berot vs. Felipe
C. Siapno, G.R. No. 188944, July 09, 2014
Herman C. Crystal, et al. vs. Bank of The
Philippine Islands, G.R. No. 172428, November
28, 2008
Philippine
Commercial
International
Bank
vs. Court of Appeals, Et Al., G.R. No. 121989,
January 31, 2006
Afarge Cement Philippines, Inc., et al. vs.
Continental Cement Corporation, et al., G.R. No.
155173, November 23, 2004
PH Credit Corporation vs. Court of Appeals, et al.,
G.R. No. 109648, November 22, 2001

f. Obligations with a Penal Clause - Articles 1226 to 1230


CASES:

Pryce Corporation vs. Philippine Amusement and


Gaming Corporation, G.R. No. 157480, May 6, 2005
Urbano de Venecia, et al. vs. Aquilino del Rosario, et
al., G.R. No. L-23246, November 24, 1966
Diamond Builders Conglomeration, et al. vs. Country
Bankers Insurance Corp., G.R. No. 171820,
December 13, 2007
Makati Development Corporation vs. Empire
Insurance Co., G.R. No. L-21780, June 30, 1967
Mariano C. Pamintuan vs. Court of Appeals, G. R.
No. L-26339, December 14, 1979

4. Extinguishment of Obligations
General Considerations - Article 1231
CASES:

a. Payment or Performance - Article 1232 to 1251


CASES:

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Allied Banking Corporation vs. Lim Sio Wan, G.R. No.


133179, March 27, 2008
Victoria Moreo-Lentfer, et al., vs. Hans Jurgen
Wolff, G.R. No. 152317, November 10, 2004
Edilberto U. Ventura, Jr. vs. Spouses Paulino and
Evangeline Abuda, G.R. No. 202932, October 23,
2013
Biala vs. CA, G.R. No. 43503, October 31, 1990, 191
SCRA 50
Pagsibigan vs. CA, G.R. No. 90169, April 7, 1993,
221 SCRA 202
Caltex vs. IAP, G.R. No. 72703, November 13, 1992,
215 SCRA 580
Bustamante vs. Rosel, G.R. No. 126800, November
29, 1999, 319 SCRA 413
Nasser vs. Cuevas, G.R. No. L-41607, August 21,
1990, 188 SCRA 812
National Marketing Corporation vs. Federation of
United Namarco Distributors, Inc., G.R. No.L-22578,
January 31, 1973, 49 SCRA 238
Filipino Pipe and Foundry Corp. vs. NAWASA, G.R.
No. L-43446,May 3, 1988, 161 SCRA 32
Lydia P. Cuba vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No.
118367, January 5, 1998
(a) Application of Payments - Articles 1252 to 1254

Premiere Development Bank vs. Central


Surety & Insurance Company, Inc., G.R. NO.
176246, February 13, 2009
Nereo J. Paculdo vs. Bonifacio C. Regalado,
G.R. No. 123855, November 20, 2000
Orix Metro Leasing And Finance Corporation
vs. M/V "Pilar-I" and Spouses Ernesto Dy
and
Lourdes
Dy, G.R.
No.
157901,
September 11, 2009
Liggett & Myers Tobacco Corporation
vs. Associated Insurance & Surety Co., Inc.,
and Consolidated Underwriters, Inc., G.R.
No. L-15643, October 31, 1960
Espina vs. CA, G.R. No. 116805, June 22,
2000, 334 SCRA 186

(b) Payment by Cession - Article 1255


CASES:

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Development Bank of the Philippines Court of


Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 118342, January 5,
1998
Benito H. Lopez vs. The Court of Appeals, et
al., G.R. No. L-33157, June 29, 1982

(c) Tender of Payment and Consignation - Articles


1256 to 1261
CASES:

Soledad Dalton vs. FGR Realty and Development


Corp., et al., G.R. No. 172577, 19 January 2011
Spouses Nameal and Lourdes Bonrostro vs.
Spouses Juan and Constancia Luna, G.R. No.
172346, July 24, 2013
Ponce De Leon vs. Syjuco Inc., 90 Phil. 311
Felisa Chan vs. Hon. Court of Appeals, and
Grace Cu, G. R. No. 109020, March 3, 1994
Spouses Teofilo Ercillo and Teresita Ercillo
vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 55361,
December 10, 1990, 192 SCRA 163
Spouses Oscar and Thelma Cacayorin vs.
Armed Forces and Police Mutual Benefit
Association, Inc., G.R. No. 171298, April 15,
2013
Manuel Go Cinco and Araceli S. Go Cinco vs.
Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 151903,
October 9, 2009
Myrna Ramos vs. Susana S. Sarao and Jonas
Ramos, G.R. No. 149756, February 11, 2005
Subhash C. Pasricha and Josephine A. Pasricha
vs. Don Luis Dison Realty, Inc., G.R. No.
136409, March 14, 2008
Sps. Ricardo and Lydia Llobrera, et al. vs.
Osefina V. Fernandez, G.R. No. 142882, May 2,
2006
Far East Bank vs. Diaz Realty, G.R. No.
138588, August 23, 2001

b. Loss of the Thing Due - Articles 1262 to 1269


CASES:

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Asian
Construction
and
Development
Corporation,
vs.
Philippine
Commercial
International Bank, et al., G.R. No. 153827,
April 25, 2006
Philippine National Construction Corporation vs.
Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 116896, May
5, 1997
Elias S. Cipriano and/or E.S. Cipriano
Enterprises vs. The Court of Appeals and
Maclin Electronics, Inc., G.R. No. 107968,
October 30, 1996
Naga Telephone Co. vs. CA, G.R. No. L-107112,
February 24, 1994, 230 SCRA 351

c. Condonation or Remission of the Debt - Articles 1270


to 1274
CASES:

Rafael Arsenio S. Dizon Etc. vs. Court of Tax


Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 140944, April 30, 2008
Metro Concast Steel Corporation, et al. vs. Allied
Bank Corporation, G.R. No. 177921, December 04,
2013

d. Confusion or Merger of Rights - Articles 1275 to 1277


CASES:

Agro Conglomerates, et al. vs. Court of Appeals, et


al., G.R. No. 117660, December 18, 2000
Philippine National Oil Company vs. The Hon. Court
of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 109976, April 26, 2005

e. Compensation - Articles 1278 to 1290


CASES:

United Planters Sugar Milling Co., Inc.


(Upsumco)
vs. The
Honorable
Court
of
Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 126890, March 9, 2010
Cesar V. Areza and Lolita B. Areza, Petitioners
vs. Express Savings Bank, Inc., G.R. No.
176697, September 10, 2014

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Casimiro R. Nadela vs. Engineering and


Construction Corporation of Asia (Ecco-Asia),
G.R. No. 145259, October 25, 2005,
United Planters Sugar Milling Co., Inc.,
(Upsumco) vs. The Honorable Court of Appeals,
et al., G.R. No. 126890, April 2, 2009
Sesbreno vs. CA, G.R. No. L-89252, May 24,
1993, 222 SCRA 466
Pioneer Insurance & Surety Corporation vs. CA,
G.R. No.76509, December 15, 1989, 180 SCRA
156

f. Novation - Articles 1291 to 1304


CASES:

Carolina Hernandez-Nievera, et al. vs. Wilfredo


Hernandez, et al., G.R. No. 171165, 14 February
2011
Romeo C. Garcia vs. Dionisio V. Llamas, G.R.
No. 154127, December 8, 2003
Maria Soledad Tomimbang vs. Atty. Jose
Tomimbang, et al., G.R. No. 165116, August 4,
2009
Iloilo Traders Finance, Inc. vs. Heirs of Soriano,
Jr., 452 Phil. 82, 89 (2003)
William G. Kwong vs. Atty. Ramon Gargantos, et
al., G.R. No. 152984, November 22, 2006
Lourdes Azarcon vs. People of the Philippines
and Marcosa Gonzales, G.R. No. 185906, June
29, 2010
Agrifina
Aquintey
vs.
Spouses Felicidad and Rico Tibong, G.R. No.
166704, December 20, 2006
Fortune Motors (Phils.) Corporation vs. CA, G.R.
No. 112191, February 7, 1997

III.

CONTRACTS (Title II)

1. General Considerations - Articles 1305 to 1317


CASES:

Integrated Packaging Corporation vs. CA, G.R. No. 115117,


June 8, 2000, 333 SCRA 170

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DKH Holding Corporation vs. CA, G.R. No. 118248, April 5,


2000, 329 SCRA 666
Kauffman vs. PNB, G.R. No. 16454, September 29, 1921
Research and Services Realty, Inc., vs. Court of Appeals and
Manuel S. Fonacier, Jr., G.R. No. 124074. January 27, 1997
National Development Company vs. Madrigal Wan Hai Lines
Corporation, G.R. No. 148332. September 30, 2003
GF Equity, Inc. vs. Arturo Valenzona, G.R. No. 156841. June
30, 2005

2. Essential Requisites of Contracts


a. General Considerations - Article 1318
b. Consent - Articles 1319 to 1346
c. Object of Contracts - Articles 1347 to 1349
d. Cause of Contracts - Articles 1350 to 1355
CASES:

Jardine Davies vs. CA, G.R. No. 128066, June 19,


2000, 333 SCRA 648 page 325 QUALIFIED
ACCEPTANCE
Rigos vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-25494 June 14,
1972
Philippine National Construction Corporation vs. CA,
G.R. No. 116896, May 5, 1997 ART 1351
E. Razon vs. Philippine Ports Authority, G.R. No. L75197, June 22, 1987, 151 SCRbA 233 ART 1351
Liam vs. Olympic Sawmill Co., G.R. No. L-30771, May
28, 1984, 129 SCRA 439
Auyong Hian vs. Court of Tax Appeals, G.R. No. 12,
1974, 59 SCRA 110 ART 1355
Matias vs. CA, G.R. No. L-48436, January 30, 1986,
141 SCRA 217 327 ARTICLE 1321
Villanueva vs. CA, G.R. No. L-114870, May 26, 1995
ART 1323
Ang Yu Asuncion vs. CA, G.R. No. 109125, December
2, 1994, 238 SCRA 602 ART 1324
Braganza vs. De Villa Abrille, G. R. No. L-12471, April
13, 1959, 105 Phil. 456 ART 1327
Spouses Heinzrich Theis and Betty Theis vs. CA, G.R.
No. L-126013, February 12, 1997 ART 1331
De Leon vs. CA, G.R. No. 80965, June 6, 1990, 186
SCRA 345 ART 1335

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Rural Bank of Caloocan vs. CA, G.R. No. L-32116,


April 21, 1981, 104 SCRA 151 ART 1342 PHP 3000
Umali vs. CA, G.R. No. 89561, September 13, 1990,
189 SCRA 529 ART 1345
J.R. Blanco vs. Quasha, G.R. No. 133148, November
17, 1999, 318 SCRA 373 ART 1346

3. Form of Contracts - Articles 1356 to 1358


CASES:

Dauden-Hernaez vs. De Los Angeles, G.R. No. L-27010, April


30, 1969, 27 SCRA 1276 ART 1356
Cenido vs. Apacionado, G.R. No. 132474, November 19, 1999,
318 SCRA 688 ART 1356
Deloso vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. Nos. 104805-07, January 13,
1993, 127 SCRA 49
Zaide vs. CA, G.R. Nos. L-46715-16, July 29, 1988, 163 SCRA
705 ART 1357
Dalion vs. CA, G.R. No. 78903, February 28, 1990, 182 SCRA
872

4. Reformation of Instruments - Articles 1359 to 1369


CASES:

Heirs of Cornelio Miguel vs. Heirs of Angel Miguel, G.R. No.


158916, March 19, 2014 ART 1366
Multi-Ventures Capital and Management Corporation vs.
Stalwart Management Services Corporation, et al., G.R. NO.
157439, July 4, 2007
Tuazon vs. CA, G.R. No. 119794, October 3, 2000, 341 SCRA
707
Gonzalez Mondragon vs. Santos, G.R. No. L-1724, October 12,
1950, 87 Phil. 471 ART 1360
Atilano vs. Atilano, G.R. No. L-22487, May 21, 1969, 28 SCRA
231

5. Interpretation of Contracts - Articles 1370 to 1379


CASES:

Conde vs. CA, G.R. No. 70451, March 24, 1993, 220 SCRA
405 ART 1370

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Santi vs. CA, G.R. No. 93625, November 8, 1993, 227 SCRA
541 AERT 1370 EXCEPTION
Fernandez vs. CA, G.R. No. L-80231, October 18, 1990, 166
SCRA 577 1370
Universal Textile Mills, Inc. vs. NLRC, G.R. No. L-87245, April
6, 1990, 184 SCRA 273
Rapanut vs. CA, G.R. No. 109680, July 14, 1995, 246 SCRA
323
Javier vs. CA, G.R. No. 48194, March 5, 1990, 183 SCRA 171
ART 1371
Ruiz vs. Sheriff of Manila, G.R. No. L-24016, July 31, 1960,
34 SCRA 83 ART 1373
China Banking Corp. vs. CA, G.R. No. 121158, December 5,
1996 ART 1374

6. Kinds of Defective Contracts


a. Rescissible Contracts - Articles 1380 to 1389
CASES:
Luz, et al. vs. Baylon, G.R. No. 182435, August 13,
2012
Unlad Resources Development Corporation, et al. vs.
Dragon, et al., G.R. NO. 149338, July 28, 2008
Provincial Sheriff of Pampanga vs. CA, G.R. No. L25152, February 26, 1968, 22 SCRA 798
Universal Food Corporation vs. Court of Appeals, 33
SCRA 1 (Contracts; rescissible contracts; when
contracts may be rescinded) The general rule is
that rescission of a contract will not be permitted
for a slight or casual breach, but only for such
substantial and fundamental breach as would
defeat the very object of the parties in making the
agreement. The question of whether a breach of a
contract is substantial depends upon the
attendant circumstances.

Oliverio Laperal & Filipinas Golf & Country Club Inc. vs.
Solid Homes, Inc. G.R. No. 130913, June 21, 2005
Dilag vs. CA, G.R. No. L-72727, July 30, 1987, 152
SCRA 459 NOT RESCISSIBLE BUT VOID

b. Voidable Contracts - Article 1390 to 1402

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CASES:

Metropolitan Fabrics, Inc. and Enrique Ang vs.


Prosperity Credit Resources Inc., Domingo Ang and
Caleb Ang, G.R. No. 154390, March 17, 2014
Rodriguez vs. Rodriguez, G.R. No. L-23002, July 31,
1967, 20 SCRA 908
Armentia vs. Patriarca, G.R. No. L-18210, December 29,
1966, 18 SCRA 1253
Banez vs. CA, G.R. No. L-30351, September 11, 1974,
59 SCRA 15
Ainiza vs. Spouses Padua, G.R. No. 165420, June 30,
2005
Miailhe vs. CA, G.R. No. 108991, March 20, 2001
Yao Ka Sin vs. CA, G.R. No. 53820, June 15, 1992, 209
SCRA 763
Malabanan vs. Gaw Ching, G.R. No. 74938, January
17, 1990, 181 SCRA 84

c. Unenforceable Contracts - Articles 1403 to 1408


CASES:

Iglesia Filipina Independiente vs. Heirs of Bernardino


Taeza, G.R. No. 179597, February 03, 2014
Anthony Ordua, et al. vs. Eduardo J. Fuentebella, et al.,
G.R. No. 176841, June 29, 2010
Berg vs. Magdalena, G.R. No. L-3784, October 17,
1952, 92 Phil. 110
Limketkai Sons Milling, Inc. vs. CA, G.R. No. L-23351,
March 13, 1968, 22 SCRA 1000
Babao vs. Perez, G.R. No. L-8334, December 28, 1957,
102 Phil. 756
Paterno vs. Jao Yan, G.R. No. L-12218, February 28,
1961, 1 SCRA 631
Paul Reiss, et al. vs. Jose M. Memije, G.R. No. 5447,
March 1, 1910, 15 Phil. 167

d. Void or Inexistent Contracts - Articles 1409 to 1422


CASES:

Gonzalo vs. Tarnate, Jr., G.R. No. 160600, January 15,


2014
Rana vs. Wong, et al., G.R. No. 192861, June 30, 2014

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Prescription, Obligations & Contracts
K.P. Dela Serna

Pedro T. Bercero vs. Capitol Development Corporation,


G.R. No. 154765, March 29, 2007
Campos, et al. vs. Pastrana, et al., G.R. No. 175994,
December 8, 2009
Marin, et al. vs. Abdil, G.R. No. L-47986, July 16, 1984,
15 Phil. 167
Rongavilla, et al. vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 83974,
August 17, 1998
Cui vs. Arellano University, G.R. No. L-15127, May 30,
1961
Conchita Liguez vs. The Honorable Court of Appeals,
Maria Ngo vda. De Lopez, et al., G.R. No. L-11240,
December 18, 1957
DBP vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-28774. September
21, 1982
De Leon vs. CA, G.R. No. 80965, June 6, 1990, 186
SCRA 345
Lita Enterprises, Inc. vs. IAC, G.R. No. L-64693, April
27, 1984, 129 SCRA 79
Ras vs. Sua, G.R. No. L-23303, September 25, 1968, 25
SCRA 153

IV.

NATURAL OBLIGATIONS (Title III) Articles 1423


to 1430

CASES:

Ansay, et al. vs. The Board of Directors of the National


Development Company, et al., G.R. No. L-13667, April
29, 1960
Manila Surety and Fidelity Co. vs. Lim, G.R. No. L-9343,
December 29, 1959

V.

ESTOPPEL (Title IV) Articles 1431 to 1439

CASES:

F.A.T. Kee Computer Systems, Inc. vs. Online Networks


International, Inc. G.R. No. 171238, February 2, 2011
Insurance of the Philippine Islands Corporation v. Spouses
Vidal S.Gregorio and Julita Gregorio, G.R. No. 174104,
February 14, 2011
Insurance Company/Far East Bank and Trust Company and
Makati Insurance Company vs. Jose Marques and
Maxilite Technologies, Inc., G.R. No. 171379, 171419,
January 10, 2011

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K.P. Dela Serna

Paulina Cristobal, et al., vs. Marcelino Gomez, G.R. No.


27014, October 5, 1927
Republic vs. Go Bon Lee, G.R. No. L-11499, April 29,
1961, 1 SCRA 1166
Beronilla vs. GSIS, G.R. No. L-21723, November 20,
1976, 36 SCRA 44
Manacling vs. Bun, G.R. No. 27876, April 22, 1992, 208
SCRA 179
Castrillo vs. CA, G.R. No. L-18046, March 31, 1964, 10
SCRA 549

VI. TRUSTS
1. General Considerations - Articles 1440 to 1442
2. Express Trusts - Articles 1443 to 1446
3. Implied Trusts - Articles 1447 to 1457
CASES:

Iglesia Filipina Independiente vs. Heirs of Bernardino Taeza,


G.R. No. 179597, February 03, 2014
Jose Juan Tong, et al. vs. Go Tiat Kun, et al., G.R. No.
196023, April 21, 2014
Narvasa, et al. vs. Imbornal, et al., G.R. No. 182908, August 06,
2014

Estate of Margarita D. Cabacungan, represented by Luz LaigoAli vs. Marilou Laigo, Pedro Roy Laigo, Stella Balagot And
Spouses Mario B. Campos And Julia S. Campos, G.R. No.
175073, April 15, 2011
Lopez vs. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. NO. 157784 :
December 16, 2008
Ramos vs. Ramos, G.R. No. L-19872, December 3, 1974, 61
SCRA 284
Salvatierra vs. CA, G.R. No. 107797, August 26, 1996, 261
SCRA 45
Cusucong vs. Cuaycong, G.R. No. L-21616, December 11,
1967, 21 SCRA 1192
Policarpio vs. CA, G.R. No. 116211, March 7, 1997
Padilla vs. CA, G.R. No. L-31569, September 28, 1973, 53
SCRA 168
-End-

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K.P. Dela Serna