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,
Henri Vidal. 1963
Terre Arme ( ),

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Vidal
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VIDAL :
"  , ...".
Reinforced Earth.
1960
, 1970
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1980

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3.


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50 - 60 m .

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5.
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L = 0,15 Hm.

0,20 m, 0,80 m,
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EN 14475
EN 10025.01
EN 10080
EN 10218-1 2
EN 10218-2 2
EN 10223-6 2
EN 10223-8
EN ISO 1461 E2
10326
EN 10244.01

-
- 1:

- -

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- - 2:

Xv ov o - Mo 6:
Xvo o
8:

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14475


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80 C.

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EN 14475
EN 13251+A1

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EN ISO 13431

-
-

EN ISO 10722

EN ISO 12957.01 - -
1:
ISO 12957.02 - -
2:
EN 12224
EN 12225

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-

14475

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7.


(Ultimate Limite State).

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14475.
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5 2-5 (Class 2-5)
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( 3 & 1).

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1,00

1,30

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(Compound Stability), : CS

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13 / 26

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Bovr

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yE


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max
min
N
xR
xw / xQ

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(= W + Q, 2.3)

W Q

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8.

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9.


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5.1 ( - ,
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7,50 m 6,50 m , 4,00 m.
36 m
1:1,75.

7,50 m 10,00 m .
0,60 m,
1,00 m 0,75 m,
72 kN/m VSL.

, .

(gn)
= 35
c = 80 kPa
= 26 kN/m
= 600 MPa

(gr)
= 35
c = 120 kPa
= 26 kN/m
= 900 MPa

(SC)
= 35
c = 10 kPa
= 22 kN/m


( 3, 4)
( 1, 2),
.
,

, :


= 35
c = 5 kPa
= 22 kN/m


= 36
c = 0 kPa
= 22 kN/m

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= 35
c = 0 kPa
= 22 kN/m


(=0,16).

:


ah = 0,16
ah = 0,16
ah = 0,20

av = 0,08
av = 0,048
av = 0,06

2.
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, 14 m
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600 70.000 .
500.000
m3,
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3.200 ( 25.000 m3
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40 cm, 20 cm,
3 .

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3.

..

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10.

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Blerick

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NF P94-220 (1992), "Soil Reiforcement: Backfilled structures with inextensible and


flexible reinforcing strips or sheets

NF G38064 (1997), "T1: Recommandations pour l utilization des geotextiles et


produits apparentes, T2: Ouvrages en sols rapportes renforces par geotextiles on
produits apparentes, T3: Dimensionnement et mise en uvre

FHWA-NHI-00-043 (2001): Mechanically Stabilized Earth Walls and Reinforced Soil


Slopes Design and Construction Guidelines

14475: Execution of special geotechnical works - Reinforced fill,

EN 1997-1: Eurocode 7 Geotechnical design - Part 1: General Rules

2000 -

(2003), , ,

(2003),
2000, . .17/67/1/275/03
( 781/18-6-03

. , . : -
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2007

., . . - ., . . ,
- ., . . ,
...: "
", 5 &
, , , 31/5-2/6/2006

Frank R., Bandin C., Driscoll R., Kavvadas M., Oresen N., Orr T. and Schuppener
B. (2004), Designers guide to EN 1997-1. Eurocode 7: Geotechnical design
General rules, Thomas Telford Publishing, London, UK

Dr. J. A. R. Ortigao, Dr. Alberto S. F. J. Sayao: Handbook of Slope Stabilisation,


Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (2004)

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