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Materials Engineer

1. In soil Engineering the term “SOIL” includes


a. clay
b. gravel
c. sand
d. all of the preceding

2. The compressibility of a fine grained soil is


a. high
b. low
c. it depends upon the grain size

3. Sand has a greater load-carrying capacity than clay


a. true
b. false
c. it depends on gradation
d. it depends on water content

4. The highest moisture content in the plastic consistency of fine-grained soil is the
liquid limit
a. plastic limit
b. shrinkage limit

5. Compaction increases the strength of soil by


a. expelling air from its voids
b. forcing soil particles into more intimate contact
c. both a and b

6. Indicates a range of moisture content over which soil is plastic


a. plastic limit
b. shrinkage limit
c. plasticity index

7. Water content of an undisturbed soil is called


a. optimum moisture content
b. hygroscopic moisture content
c. natural water content

8. In the performance of Moisture Density Relations Test, the equipment used is


a. liquid limit device
b. sand-cone apparatus
c. rammer and mold
d. none of the above

9. Peat and muck are


a. fair subgrade soils
b. stable soils
c. unstable soils
d. good subgrade soils
10. The particle size distribution of a soil is determined by
a. liquid limit test
b. sieve analysis test
c. plastic limit test
d. any of the preceding

11. To prevent intrustion of soft subgrade material into the aggregate base or subbase
a. reinforced earth
b. rock buttress
c. gabions
d. geotextile may be used

12. The CBR value is generally selected at


a. 0.10
b. 0.0375
c. 0.05
d. 0.20 penetration

13. One of the methods in improving the properties of a soil to make it suitable for a particular purpose
is
a. particle rearrangement
b. sodding or sprigging
c. paving
d. none of the preceding

14. A sample of saturated clay has a mass of 102.8 g. After oven drying, the same soil weighs 73.4 g. If
the specific gravity is 2.74, its wet density, g/ml is
a. 1.829
b. 1.825
c. 1.827
d. 1.830

15. The dry density, g/ml is


a. 1.310
b. 1.306
c. 1.300
d. 1.309

16. Blown Asphalt are usually used for paving


a. true
b. false
c. it depends upon its ductility

17. A mixture of asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent is called
a. R. C. cutback
b. M. C. cutback
c. Asphalt emulsion
d. Oxidized asphalt

18. The a) Marshall Stability Test b) Immersion-Compression Test c) Job-Mix formula compares the
compressive strength of dry and wet specimens of asphalt mixes.

19. The effective asphalt content is a) lower than b) higher than c) equal to the actual asphalt content.
20. Which of the following percent air voids is most preferable in bituminous mixture
a. 0%
b. 5%
c. 8%

21. a) Viscocity b) solubility c) Flash point d) Extraction test determines the bitumen content of asphalt
cement

22. a) Distillation b) Penetration c) Viscocity d) Ductility is the consistency test on solid asphalt.

23. a) Tack coat b) Prime coat c) Seal coat is the bituminous coating applied to an old concrete
pavement to be used as base.

24. A Job-mix formula provides for close control of


a. asphalt content
b. aggregate gradation
c. both a and b

25. a) Flexibility b) Durability c) Stability d) Workability is the resistance of an asphalt pavement


against weathering.

26. The temperature of hot mixes being delivered should not be less than its
a. mixing
b. application
c. heating
d. compaction temperature

27. A Bituminous Seal Coat is usually applied with aggregate


a. true
b. false
c. it depends on the surface application

28. The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by weight of mix is 2.6.
If the specific gravity of an asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity of the aggregate is equal to
a. 2.65
b. 2.56
c. 2.76
d. 2.70

29. The weight in air of a core specimen taken from asphalt pavement is 4,128 g. If its SSD weight is
4,137 g. and its weight in water is 2,237 g. Therefore, its bulk density is
a. 2.42
b. 1.72
c. 2.28
d. 2.69

30. The bulk specific gravity of a sample of bituminous pavement taken from a newly rolled section is
2.244. If the laboratory compacted specific gravity is 2.362 and the minimum compaction
requirement is 95%, the pavement is
a. satisfactorily rolled
b. over compacted
c. in need of more rolling
31. Concrete specimen molded in a 6” x 6” x 21” beam mold should be rodded
a. 60
b. 61
c. 62
d. 63 times

32. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires


a. abrasion test
b. sieve analysis
c. stability
d. both a and b

33. Concrete fine aggregate should be tested for


a. compaction
b. stripping
c. stability
d. none of the preceding

34. Admixtures are used to


a. improve workability
b. increase strength
c. retard initial setting
d. all of the preceding

35. a) Compressive strength b) Flexural strength c) Bond d) All of the preceding will improve if
water – cement ratio is lowered.

36. Angular coarse aggregate will require more


a. sand
b. water
c. both a and b
d. coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete.

37. Slump test could be used to detect


a. increase in cement content
b. increase in water
c. increase in volume
d. increase in aggregate

38. Greatest net water is required in a concrete mix with


a. very coarse
b. coarse
c. fine
d. very fine, fine aggregate

39. If the concrete beam specimen is raptured during test outside the middle third, but within 5% of the
span length, the formula to be used in computing the stress is
a. R = PL/bd2
b. R = 3Pa/bd2
c. R = Pla/bd2

40. Concrete mix should be in placi


a. 100 min
b. 90 min
c. 15 min, after the cement is added into the aggregates and water.

41. The fineness modulus is highest for


a. coarse
b. very coarse
c. fine
d. very fine, sand.

42. In molding concrete cylinder specimen, each layer should be rodded


a. 25
b. 56
c. 60
d. 100 times.

43. Concrete cylinder sample should be molded in


a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4 equal layers.

44. Maintaining the water-cement ratio, the concrete containing


a. 50.0 mm
b. 37.5 mm
c. 19.0 mm
d. 12.5 mm maximum size aggregate will develop the highest strength.

45. Paving concrete will need less


a. sand
b. water
c. coarse aggregate
d. both a & b, than that of structural concrete.

46. The maximum percentage of abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse aggregate is
a. 40
b. 45
c. 50

47. For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if asphalt cement is used, the percentage based on the
weight of aggregate should be
a. 3 to 5%
b. 5 to 8%
c. 6 to 10%

48. An aggregate base course of 21,600 m3 will require


a. 14
b. 15
c. 72 quality tests.

49. Coarse aggregate for Crushed Stone Aggregate Surface Course should have not less than
a. 40
b. 45
c. 50
d. 60 with at least one fractured face
50. Crushed Gravel Base Course, Grading C, shall be compacted in layers of not more than
a. 10 cm
b. 15 cm
c. 20 cm loose thickness.

51. An embankment to be constructed to a height of 65 cm will have a minimum of


a. 4
b. 5
c. 6 layers.

52. To give Bituminous Plant Mix Base Course greater to resistance to water
a. ½ to 1%
b. 1 ½ to 2%
c. 2 – 3% hydrated lime should be added during mixing.

53. The type of Bituminous Macadam Pavement is


a. asphalt cement
b. asphalt emulsion
c. rock asphalt
d. either a or b.

54. Prestressed Concrete Structures use concrete class


a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D

55. a) 5 b) 9 c) 3 pipes should be taken as sample to represent 225 reinforced concrete pipes.

56. Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be
a. seal coated
b. tack coated
c. prime coated

57. Concrete used in reinforced concrete culvert pipe should generally have a compressive strength of a
a. 16.54 Mpa ( 2400)
b. 27.56 Mpa ( 4000)
c. 20.67 Mpa ( 3000)
d. 34.45 Mpa ( 5000)

58. Concrete railings, pipes, and piles require the use of what class of concrete?
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D

59. Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for its


a. tensile
b. compression
c. bending
d. both a and c for properties.
60. Aggregate Base Course with a volume of 112,000m3 will have a minimum number of
a. 74
b. 75
c. 56
d. 374 quality tests.

61. Which plasticity index is most suitable for aggregate base course?
a. 5
b. 10
c. 15
d. 50 The fraction passing the 0.425 mm (No.40) shall have a liquid limit not greater than 25 and
plasticity index not greater than 6.

62. The specified flexural strength for paving concrete is


a. 350
b. 400
c. 525
d. 300

63. The sample of 12.5 mm diameter steel bar to be submitted for test should be at least
a. 20 cm
b. 40 cm
c. 100 cm
d. none of the above

64. a) Third point loading b) Three-edge bearing test c) Mid-span loading d) none of the above is the
method used in determining the strength of concrete pipes.

65 Prestressed concrete requires the use of Class


a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D concrete

66. If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete pavement
a. prime coat
b. tack coat
c. seal coat
d. mortar coat should be applied to the concrete pavement.

67. For bituminous concrete mixes, the asphalt material may either be asphalt cement or asphalt
emulsion
a. true
b. false

68. Coarse Aggregate for Bituminous Macadam Pavement should be


a. crushed gravel or stone
b. natural gravel
c. both a and b
d. none of the above

69/70. Tests for coarse aggregate include


a. abrasion
b. mortar strength
c. absorption
d. all of the preceding

71/72. Tests for fine aggregate for concrete include


a. gradation
b. mortar strength
c. abrasion
d. all of the preceding

73. Unless otherwise specified in the special provision, the type of portland cement used in paving
concrete shall be
a. Type I
b. Type II
c. Type III
d. Type IV

74. During construction of a road project, if all the materials to be used are tested for quality, inspection
is no longer required
a. true
b. false

75. The degree of compaction of an embankment in our present Specifications is based on


a. CBR method
b. Unconfined compression test
c. AASHTO Designation T-180
d. Bulk Specific Gravity

76/77. Under Excavation for Structure, Item 106, the backfilling operation shall be done in 20 cm loose
layer and compacted to at least 95 Percent.

78. Soils are natural aggregates of minerals connected by strong and permanent cohesive forces
a. true
b. false

79. The boundary between sand and gravel is


a. 0.425 mm (#40)
b. 4.750 mm (#4)
c. 2.00 mm (#10)
d. 0.075 mm (#200)

80. A a) sandy clay b) clayey sand c) sand clay d) none of the preceding is a soil which exhibits the
properties of a clay but contains an appreciable amount of sand.

81. Plasticity test is done on soils passing


a. 0.425 mm (#40)
b. 2.00 mm (#10)
c. 0.075 mm (#200) sieve.

82. a) Soil compaction b) mechanical analysis c) In-place unit weight d) CBR is the process whereby
soil particles are contained more closely together through a reduction in the air voids, generally by
mechanical means.

83. Soils containing more than 35% passing 0.075mm (#200) sieve are classified under
a. silt-clay materials
b. granular materials
c. it depends on the plasticity index

84. a) Surface drainage b) chemical admixtures c) compaction d) subsoil drainage is provided for the
purpose of counteracting moisture movement within the structure either by seepage or capillary
action.

85. A subgrade soil with a CBR value of a) 5% b) 15% c) 30% d) 3% will require a thicker layer of
subbase and base course.

86. a) Particle arrangement b) sodding or sprigging c) paving d) flattening is one of the methods of
stabilizing inferior soils.

87. The physical and engineering properties of soils may be improved by


a. compaction
b. stabilization
c. both a and b
d. neither a nor b.

88. Water content of soils is generally based on the


a. total weight of soil
b. total volume of soil
c. weight of solids
d. none of the preceding

89. The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to


a. compactive efforts
b. water content
c. both a and b
d. none of the preceding

90. Disturbed samples may be used for


a. sieve test
b. liquid limit
c. compaction test
d. any of the preceding

91. A soil with a Group Index of 5 is stronger than another with a Group Index of 10
a. true
b. false
c. it depends on the water content

92. a) Water content b) void ratio c) degree of saturation d) porosity determines the relative amount of
water in the voids.

93 a) Rock asphalt b) Asphalt emulsion c) asphalt cement d) cutback asphalt is an asphalt formed
by natural process of evaporation.

94. Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous mixtures
a. true
b. false
c. it depends on the type of bituminous material

95. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
a. flowmeter
b. viscometer
c. penetrometer
d. pycnometer

96. a) Solid b) liquid c) Blown d) hot asphalt is preferable for bituminous prime coat.

97. a) Distillation b) Extraction c) Penetration d) Solubility is the test used in determining amount of
asphalt cement in a liquid asphalt.

98. a) Asphalt cement b) cut-back asphalt c) asphalt mixes d) asphalt emulsion are usually tested for
extraction.

99. Extraction test is the procedure used for separating


a. the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt
b. asphalt from mineral aggregates
c. asphalt from kerosene solvent
d. asphalt from gasoline solvent

100. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability test is the average of the asphalt content
of the Maximum Stability, Maximum density and
a. Maximum flow
b. Maximum air voids
c. 4% air voids
d. 4% flow

101. a) VMA b) Air voids c) Permeable voids are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.

102. The main difference between a bulk measured specific gravity of a bituminous mixtures and its
maximum measured specific gravity is the
a. weight of the voids
b. weight of the asphalt
c. volume of the voids
d. volume of the aggregates

103. a) Asphalt cement b) emulsified asphalt c) Rapid curing d) medium curing cut-back is the
best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.

104. A bituminous coating applied in an existing road prior to laying of a bituminous surface overlay is
a. prime coat
b tack coat
d. seal coat

105. The distance traveled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample of asphalt under
conditions for normal penetration is 8.6 mm. The material is
a. 40 – 50
b. 85 – 100
c. 120 – 150
d. 200 – 300 penetration grade

106. The maximum specific gravity of an asphalt mix containing 6.0% asphalt by weight of mix is 2.5.
if the specific gravity of the asphalt is 1.01, the specific gravity of the aggregate is equal to
a. 2.65
b. 2.56
c. 2.76
d. 2.70
107. A job-mix formula provides for close control of
a. aggregate gradation
b. asphalt content
c. both of them
d. neither of them

108. The desired property of fresh concrete is


a. strength
b. durability
c. workability
d. water tightness

109. The sieve used in the separation of aggregates after the abrasion test is
a. 1.70mm ( No. 12 )
b. 0.425mm ( No. 40 )
c. 4.75mm ( No. 4 )
d. 0.075mm ( No. 200 )

110. Normally, concrete mix with a) 0.75 b) 0.35 c) 0.50 d) 0.45 water-cement ratio will develop the
lowest strength.

111. The most important single factor which affects the quality of concrete is
a. cement content
b. aggregate gradation
c. water-cement ratio
d. aggregate quality

112. Paving concrete will need less


a. sand
b. water
c. coarse aggregate
d. both a and b than that of structure concrete.

113. Concrete specimen molded in a 6”x6”x21” beam should be rodded


a. 60
b. 61
c. 62
d. 63

114. Quality determination of concrete coarse aggregate sample requires


a. abrasion test
b. sieve analysis
c. stability
d. both a and b

115. Concrete mix should be in place


a. 100 minute
b. 120
c. 15
d. 90 after the cement is added into the aggregate and water.
116. Concrete beam specimens for paving concrete are molded in
a. 2 equal layers
b. 3 equal layers
c. 4 equal layers
d. any of the preceding

117. A minimum cement factor of


a. 7.5
b. 8.5
c. 9.5
d. 10.0 bags/cubic meter of concrete is required for paving concrete (Based on the 94 lbs. Bag of
cement)

118. The volume of the


a. concrete
b. cement
c. air
d. all of the preceding can be calculated by performing the unit weight test on the fresh concrete.

119. The used of manufactured fine aggregate will generally require more
a. mixing water
b. fine aggregate
c. coarse aggregate
d. both a and b.

120. The two (2) major components of concrete are


a. paste and mineral aggregates
b. cement and water
c. water and coarse aggregates

121. The coarser the fine aggregate, the higher the fineness modulus
a. yes
b. no
c. depends on grading test

122. The more the concrete is exposed, the greater the range of movement is
a. true
b. false
c. it depends upon the type of cement

123. The samples of RSB to be submitted for test should be at least


a. 20 cm
b. 40 cm
c. 100 cm

124. The efficient compaction, the embankment material should at the time of rolling be
a. dry
b. wet
c. at optimum moisture content

125. a) 15,000 kg b) 10,000 kg c) 5,000kg of 12.5mm diameter steel bar for concrete reinforcement is
the maximum quantity that a sample can represent.
126 a) Rock asphalt b) asphalt emulsion c) Asphalt cement d) Cut-back asphalt is an
asphalt formed by natural process of evaporation.

127. Uncrushed aggregates are preferable than crushed aggregates for bituminous mixtures
a. true
b. false
c. it depends on the type of bituminous material.

128. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of liquid asphalt is the
a. flowmeter
b. viscometer
c. penetrometer
d. pycnometer

129. a) Solid b) liquid c) blown d) hot asphalt is preferable for bituminous prime coat.

130. a) Distillation b) Extraction c) Penetration d) solubility is the test used in determining the amount of
asphalt cement in a liquid asphalt.

131 . a) Asphalt cement b) Cut-back asphalt c)Asphalt mixes d) Asphalt emulsion are
usually tested for extraction.

132. Extraction test is the procedure used for separating


a. the asphalt from water in emulsified asphalt
b. asphalt from mineral aggregates
c. asphalt from gasoline solvent
d. asphalt from kerosene solvent.

133. a) Distillation b) Viscosity c) Flash point d) Softening point indicated the safe working
temperature of the asphalt.

134. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a Marshall Stability Test is the average of the asphalt
content of the Maximum stability, maximum density and
a. maximum flow
b. maximum air voids
c. 4% air voids
d. 45 flow

135. a) VMA b) Air voids c) Permeable voids are intergranular void spaces between aggregate particles.

136 . a) Asphalt cement b) Emulsified asphalt c) rapid curing cut-back d) medium curing cut-
back is the best type of asphalt to be used for hot mixes.

137. The field density of a bituminous pavement shall not be less than
a. 92 %
b. 95 %
c. 98 % of the specific gravity of the laboratory compacted specimen.

138. For ITEM 311 PCC pavement, coarse aggregate shall have a mass percent of wear not exceding
a. 50 %
b. 40 %
c. 45 %
d. 60 % when tested by AASHTO T- 96.
139. Plasticity Index for Aggregate Surface Course is
a. not greater than 6
b. not greater than 25
c. 4 to 9
d. 12.

140. At least one (1) set of 3 concrete cylinder samples shall be taken from
a. 50
b. 75
c. 100
d. 150 cubic meter of each class of concrete or fraction thereof, placed each day.

141. Fine aggregates used in concrete pavement shall contain not more than
a. 1.5
b. 3
c. 4
d. 1 percent of material passing the 0.075mm sieve by washing.

142. The degree of compaction required for embankment is at least


a. 100
b. 90
c. 95
d. 85 percent of the maximum density as determined by AASHTO T-90 Method.

143. Requirement of PCCP Construction


a. opening to traffic after 14 days the concrete was placed
b. opening to traffic after 28 days the concrete was placed
c. a compressive strength of 25.08 Mpa or more
d. none of the above.

144. Roadway embankment in earth material shall be placed and compacted in horizontal layers not
exceding
a. 150 mm
b. 200 mm
c. 100 mm
d. 250 mm loose requirement, before the next layer is placed.

145. Steel bars for concrete reinforced is tested for its


a. tensile
b. compressive
c. yield
d. both a and c.

146. To give Bituminous Concrete Surface Course greater resistance to water


a. 2 - 3 %
b. 1 ½ - 2 %
c. ½ - 1 %
d. 4 – 5 % hydrated lime should be added.

147. In Aggregate Subbase Course, the degree of compaction of each layer shall continue until a field
density of at least
a. 100
b. 95
c. 90 percent of the maximum dry density determined in accordance with AASHTO T-180,
Method D has been attained.

148. The maximum percentage wear allowed for Aggregate Subbase Course in a coarse portion retained
on a 2.00mm (No. 10) sieve is
a. 45
b. 50
c. 40
d. 55 percent by Los Angeles Abrasion Test determined by AASHTO T-96.

149. In manufacture of culvert pipes, the class of concrete used is


a. Class “C”
b. Class “B”
c. Class “A”
d. Class “P”

150. For Bituminous Concrete Surface Course, if Asphalt cement is used, the percentage based on the
weight of aggregate should be
a. 3 to 5 %
b. 5 to 8 %
c. 6 to 10 %
d. 4.5 to 8 %

151. Coarse aggregate for Crushed stone Aggregate Surface Course should have a mass percent of not
more than
a. 40 %
b. 45 %
c. 60 %
d. 50 % of the particle retained on the 4.75mm (No.4) sieve and shall have at least one (1)
fractured face.

152. Before placing the asphalt pavement, the gravel base course should be
a. seal coated
b. tack coated
c. prime coated

153. Prestressed Concrete structures uses concrete of class


a. A
b. B
c. C
d. P

154. An aggregate base course of 21,600m3 will require


a. 14
b. 25
c. 72 ?
d. 40

155. An embankment to be constructed to a height of 600mm will have a minimum number of


a. 4
b. 5
c. 3
d. 6 layers.
156. Aggregate base course with a volume of 112,000 m3 will have a minimum number of
a. 74
b. 75
c. 56
d. 62 quality tests.

157. A portland cement concrete pavement, 6.5m wide and 23 cm. thick will be constructed for a total
paved area of 165,000 m3. Angular coarse aggregate will be used. If pavement will be opened to
traffic 14 days.
a. how many bags of cement will be required for Class “A” concrete?
b. How many quality tests are required for the cement?
c. How many quality and grading tests each are required for the coarse and fine aggregates?
d. How many sets of concrete beam samples will be required?

Vconcrete = 165000 x 0.23 = 37,950 m3

a. cement = 37950 x 9.1 = 345,345 bags


b QT of cement = 345,345/2000 = 173
c. VFA = 37950 x 0.54 = 20493 ; QFA = 20493/1500 = 14 ; GFA = 20493/75 = 274
VCA = 37950 x .68 = 25,886 ; QCA = 25806/1500 = 18 ; GCA = 25806/75 = 345
d. 37950/75 = 506 sets

158. Per our present Specifications for Highways and Bridges, including amendments, it is mandatiry to
open PCCP to traffic not later than
a. 14 days after pouring
b. 21 days after pouring
c. 7 days after pouring
d. 28 days after pouring

159. For 850 m3 of concrete paved in one day


a. 3
b. 2
c. 1 sets of concrete beam samples should be taken and tested for strength (thickness of pavement
= 0.23 m).

160. For 4050 m3 concrete coarse aggregate


a. 6
b. 5
c. 3
d. 4 samples should be submitted for quality tests.

161. The coarse aggregate of Item 201, Aggregate Base Course shall have a percentage of wear of not
more than
a. 40 %
b. 45 %
c. 50 %
d. 60 % as determined by Los Angeles Rattler Test.

162. The rate of application of emulsified asphalt used as bituminous prime coat is
a. 0.5 to 1.0 liter
b. 1.0 to 1.5 liter
c. 1.5 to 2.0 liter per square meter.
163. Steel bars for concrete reinforcement is tested for its
a. tensile
b. compression
c. bending
d. both a and c properties.

164. For 250 gallons of Red Lead Paint


a. 1
b. 2
c. 3 samples should be submitted for quality test.

165. The number of samples of structural steel (reduced section) required for 38,000 kg. Is
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3

166. a.) Third - point loading b.) mid – span loading c.) three – edge bearing is the method used in
determining the strength of concrete pipes.

167. An aggregate base course of 23750 m3 will require


a. 50
b. 20
c. 16 quality tests.

168. The Plasticity Index of aggregate base course should not be greater than
a. 12
b. 6
c. 10
d. 8

169. Concrete Hollow Blocks are tested for its


a. compression
b. absorption and dimension
c. tensile
d. both a and b.

170. Item 306 is called


a. Bituminous Surface Treatment
b. Bituminous Road Mix Surface Course
c. Bituminous Plant Mix (Stockpile Maintenance mixture)
d. Bituminous Penetration Macadam Pavement

171. In the preparation of an asphalt design mix intended for Item 310, the proportion of bituminous
material (asphalt cement) on the basis of total dry aggregates shall be from:
a. 4 to 8 %
b. 3 to 5 %
c. 5 to 7 %
d. 5 to 8 %

172. Item -------- includes general requirements that are applicable to all types of bituminous plant mix
surface courses irrespective of gradation of aggregates or kind and amount of bituminous material.
a. Item 306
b. Item 307
c. Item 308
d. Item 310

173. ---------- is the result of asphalt layer instability or granular base or subgrade weakness. The
pavement usually twist out of shape.
a. disintegration
b. upheaval
c. distortion
d. bleeding

174. ---------- the localized upward displacement if a pavement due to swelling of the subgrade or some
portion of the pavement structure.
a. upheaval
b. edge cracking
c. raveling
d. depression

175 Item ---------- consist of furnishing and placing one or more courses of graded aggregates
and one or more application of bituminous material followed by a seal coat with cover aggregates
constructed in a prepare base is:
a. 303
b. 304
c. 305
d. 306

176. An asphalt cement submitted in the laboratory for quality test should always have a
corresponding
a. Job mix formula
b. Test report
c. Sample card
d. Minimum testing requirements

177. If an asphalt pavement will be constructed over an old existing concrete pavement, ----------
should be applied to the pavement.
a. tack coat
b. prime coat
c. seal coat
d. mortar coat
178. The amount of emulsified asphalt to be added in a Bituminous Plant-Mix Surface Course, Cold
Laid (Item 308) shall be ------------ mass percent, total dry aggregate basis:
a. 4 to 8
b. 5 to 10 NOTE: If MC is used the proportion of bituminous material on the basis of
c. 6 to 10 total dry aggregate shall be from 4.5 to 7.0 %.
d. 7 to 12

179. ------------ test is measure by the distance to which it will elongate before breaking when two (2)
ends of a briquet with specimen are pulled apart at a specified speed and temperature.
a. penetration
b. solubility
c. ductility
d. viscosity

180. Another name for hot asphalt is -----------


a. bituminous asphalt
b. asphalt cement
c. emulsified asphalt
d. blown asphalt

181. In cutback asphalt, medium curing type is a combination of the following


a. asphalt cement and road oils
b. asphalt cement and kerosene
c. asphalt cement and gasoline
d. asphalt cement and emulsifier

182. ------------ test determines the amount of asphalt present in a bituminous mix
a. distillation
b. extraction
c. solubility
d. compression

183. The softness and hardness of an asphaltic material can be determined by -------- test.
a. softening point
b. loss on heating
c. penetration
d. distillation

184. The temperature of bituminous hot mix delivered in the project site should not be less than its -------
temperature.
a. mixing
b. compaction
c. molding
d. spreading

184. Resistance to deformation of bituminous mixture is measured by -----------


a. flow index
b. index of retained strength
c. ductility test
d. extraction test

185. The apparatus used in determining the grade of asphalt cement is:
a. hydrometer
b. penetromanometer
c. petronmeter
d. penetrometer

186. In an Immersion-Compression test, molding of specimen is done into ------- layer/s.


a. 1
b. 2
c. 3 NOTE: In Marshall Stability, molding of specimen is done into
d. 4 one (1) layer.

187. The actual cementing power in asphalt is called the ------------


a. petrolene
b. asphaltene
c. bitumen
d. resin
188. ------------- test indicates the temperature in which an asphalt cement may be heated without the
danger of catching fire. It is used as criterion in eliminating fire hazards.
a. softening point
b. flash point
c. laser point
d. heating point

189. An asphalt pavement needs sufficient -------- to avoid flushing or bleeding.


a. compaction
b. air voids
c. binder
d. mineral filler

190. A job – mix formula provides for close control of:


a. asphalt content
b. aggregate gradation
c. temperature of asphalt, aggregate and mix
d. all of the above

191. The thinnest and most fluid grade of medium curing cutback asphalt is:
a. MC – 800
b. MC – 250
c. MC – 70 NOTE: For MC, the higher the grade the thicker
d. MC – 30

192. The amount of asphalt in a typical asphalt emulsion is:


a. 40 %
b. 50 % NOTE: After distillation the amount of asphalt (residual) retained should
c. 60 % at least 60 %.
d. 70 %

193. Another name for joint filler is:


a. asphalt cement
b. cutback asphalt
c. mineral filler
d. blown asphalt

194. The type of asphaltic material that is usually classified by its viscosity is:
a. liquid asphalt
b. blown asphalt
c. rock asphalt
d. lake asphalt

195. Item 310, Bituminous Surface Course, Hot Laid provides an air voids between:
a. 3–5%
b. 5–7%
c. 5–8%
d. 8 – 10 %

196. Emulsified asphalt that has a positive charge particle is usually classified:
a. anionic
b. cationic
c. pozzolanic
d. ultrasonic

197. The characteristics of a bituminous mix that indicates resistance to disintegration is called:
a. stability
b. flexibility
c. durability
d. integrity

198. The coarse aggregates used in bituminous mix are those retained at sieve No.
a. 8
b. 10
c. 30
d. 200

199. ---------- test compares the compressive strength of dry and wet specimen of bituminous mix
a. marshall stability
b. immersion-compression
c. extraction
d. bulk specific gravity

200. In item 310, bituminous Surface Course, Hot laid requires 70% minimum index of retained
strength (IRS). In the immersion-compression test, the dry stability is about 900 psi. Based on
the data, the wet stability should be at least ------- psi
a. 270
b. 630 Wet stability
c. 1286 NOTE: IRS = ----------------- X 100
d. 1500 Dry stability

201. A compacted bituminous pavement shall have a minimum density of equal to or greater than --
a. 85 %
b. 90 % NOTE: The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to, or greater than 95
c. 95 % mass percent of the density of a laboratory specimen.
d. 100 %

202. The rate of application of emulsified asphalt used as tack coat, should be within the range of
a. 0.2 – 0.5 liter/ m2
b. 0.2 – 0.7 NOTE: The rate of application of either the Rapid Curing or the
c. 0.15 – 0.7 Emulsified asphalt shall be within the range of 0.2 to 0.7
d. 1.0 – 2.0 liter/m2, the exact rate as determined by the Engineer.

203. The type of asphaltic material that is being referred to by penetration grade is:
a. emulsified asphalt
b. cutback asphalt
c. asphalt cement
d. mastic asphalt

204. The optimum asphalt content obtained in a marshall stability test is the average of the asphalt
content of maximum stability, maximum density and
a. minimum flow index
b. maximum VMA
c. 4 % or designed air voids
d. maximum VFA
205. The service performance of an asphalt pavement is greatly influenced by:
a. grade of asphalt
b. quantity of asphalt
c. a and b
d. none of the above

206. In bituminous mixture, aggregates account for 92 % to 95 % of the weight of the mixture, while
asphalt ( the binder of the aggregates ) accounts for ---------------
a. 3–5%
b. 5–8% NOTE: The proportion of bituminous material on the basis of total
c. 5 – 10 % dry aggregate, shall be from 5.0 to 8.0 mass percent.
d. 7 – 10 %

207. In asphalt pavement, prior to acceptance, a sample of full depth, 150mm x 150mm or 100mm
diameter shall be taken by a saw or core drill for -------- test
a. thickness determination
b. density
c. stability
d. a and b

208. In an asphalt pavement construction, after spreading bituminous mix, compaction will follow
where rolling shall begin at the sides and proceed longitudinally parallel toward the road
centerline, each trip overlapping ------- of the roller width, gradually progressing to the crown of
the road
a. ½
b. 1
c. 1½
d. 2.0

209. The control of temperature during the mixing and compaction is of great significance in the ----
of the resulting pavement
a. strength
b. skid resistance
c. flexibility
d. all of the above

210. based on the minimum testing requirements for Item 309, Bituminous Plant Mix, General, one
quality test for asphaltic material requires for every ------ tonnes or fraction thereof.
a. 40
b. 50
c. 60
d. 70

211. The test in emulsified asphalt which determines the resistance of the emulsion to break when
mixed with mineral aggregates
a. solubility
b. sieve test
c. cement mixing
d. storage stability
212. What Item in the DPWH standards and specification is Bituminous Tack Coat?
a. 301
b. 302
c. 303
d. 304

213. In identifying project location intended for asphalt pavement, which of the following criteria is
not appropriate to recommend?
a. drainage facilities is well-maintained
b. location is not a typhoon belt area
c. existing base course is stable
d. flood-prone section

214. An asphalt cement can be a good bituminous binder material for Item:
a. 301
b. 302
c. 308
d. 310

215. Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended for sealing weakened plane
and construction joints of the PCCP.
a. asphalt cement
b. emulsified asphalt
c. cutback asphalt
d. joint filler asphalt

216. The primary quality control mechanism for the production of asphalt mixtures which will have a
high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job requirements is called:
a. marshall stability test
b. job mix formula
c. immersion – compression stability test
d. a and b

217. When a completed asphalt pavement exhibits too much voids, it is usually caused by the
following except of:
a. rolling the mixture below the temperature requirements
b. too much coarse aggregates
c. too little binder
d. too much fine aggregates

218. Test results from specimen taken from a recently rolled asphalt pavement showed that its total
asphalt content is 5.45 % by weight of mix. If the asphalt absorbed by the aggregate is 0.95 %,
the effective asphalt content by weight of mix is:
a. 4.8 % Pba
b. 4.552 % NOTE: Pbe = ----- x Ps
c. 5.10 % 100
d. 5.50 %

Where: Pbe = effective asphalt content, percent by total weight of mixture


Pba = absorbed asphalt, percent by weight of aggregate
Pb = asphalt content, percent by total weight of mixture
Ps = aggregate content, percent by total weight of mixture

219. An asphalt mix prepared in the laboratory used 30 %, 50 %, 20 % by weight of coarse aggregate
(CA), fine aggregate (FA) and mineral filler (MF), respectively. If the specific gravity of CA,
FA, and MF are 2.50, 2.65 and 2.50, respectively, the overall specific gravity of composite
aggregates is:
a. 2.58 30 + 50 + 20
b. 2.45 SG oa = ---------------------------------
c. 2.66 30/2.5 + 50/2.65 + 20/2.5
d. 2.77

220. If 95 % of the aggregates in question no. 45 is mixed with 5 % asphalt by weight of mix, the
specific gravity of the mix (if it is voidless) is: specific gravity of asphalt is 1.01.
a. 2.45
b. 2.23 100
c. 2.39 Gmm = Gmb = -------------------------
d. 2.18 ( voidless) 95/2.58 + 5/1.01

221. If the bituminous mix in No.46 has a 5 % air voids, the bulk specific gravity (Gmb) can be
computed as:
a. 2.51 Gmm - Gmb
b. 2.27 % Air Voids = ----------------- x 100
c. 2.39 Gmm
d. 2.41
2.39 - Gmb
5/100 = ------------------
2.39

222. If the dry stability of a bituminous mix is 3,950 lbs. And its wet stability is 2,830 lbs., the Index
of Retained Strength (IRS) is:
a. 50.20 %
b. 71.60 % Wet Stability
c. 73.20 % IRS = ----------------- x 100
d. 61.10 % Dry Stability

223. The voids in the mineral aggregate (VMA) is:


a. the sum of the air voids and the volume of the mix
b. the difference between the volume of the mix and the volume of aggregate
c. the sum of the air voids and volume of aggregate
d. the difference between the volume of mix and volume of asphalt

224. The distance travelled by a standard penetration needle on a prepared sample of asphalt cement
under condition for normal penetration is 9.0 mm ( the penetration scale has 1/10 mm
calibration). Asphalt cement is classified as --------- penetration grade.
a. 60 – 70
b. 85 – 100
c. 120 – 150
d. 200 - 300