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STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

PERENCANAAN ABUTMENT

100 50 100

300

25
q
w1

50

w2
w4

w6
150
50

100

w3

100

w5
T1

75

T2

425

T4
T5

w7 T3

w8

100

w9
200

150

50
100

150

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

2016

Sudut geser tanah = 300


tanah
= 1800 kg/m3
beton bertulang
= 2500 kg/m3
Beban q Kendaraan dibelakang bangunan penahan tanah diperhitungkan senilai
muatan tanah setinggi 60 cm ( Bambang Supriadi, 2007. halaman 42)
q
= 1800 . 0,6 =1080 kg/m2
df
=2m
c
=0
Ka=

1sin 1sin 300


=
=0,33
1+sin 1+sin 300

Kp=

1
1
=
=3
Ka 0,33

Momen vertical
Faktor
bentu Pias
k

Gamm
a

Gaya
Vertikal

Gaya
Horisonta
l

Panjan
g
Lengan

Gaya

W1

0.75

0.5

9.5

2500

8906.25

3.375

W2

1.75

9.5

2500

41562.5

3.875

W3

1.25

9.5

2500

29687.5

4.125

W4

1.5

9.5

2500

62343.75

2.75

171445.313

W5

1.5

0.5

9.5

2500

52324.263

1.5

9.5

2500

2.75

465351.563

W7
W8

1.5
2

0.5
0.5

2500
2500

4
1.3333

35625.000
15832.938

W9

9.5
9.5
15.
5

13359.37
5
169218.7
5
8906.25
11875

3.9166
7

W6

1.7
5
0.7
5
4.7
5
0.5
0.5

2500

193750

2.5

484375

T1

1.25

0.5

9.5

1800

8015.625

4.333

34731.703

T2

1.5

9.5

1800

109012.5

5.625

613195.313

T3
T4
T5

1.5
2
2

0.5
1
0.5

9.5
9.5
9.5

1800
1800
1800

6412.5
51300
8550
722900

4.5
1
0.6667

28856.250
51300.000
5700.285
2272311.84

0.7
5
4.2
5
0.5
1.5
0.5

Momen
30058.5937
5
161054.687
5
122460.937
5

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

2016

5
P

119600.0
2

Jumla
h

842500

2.75

328900.055
2601211.9

Momen horizontal
Gaya
P1
P2
P3
Jumla
h

Ka,
Kp
0.33
0.33
3

h
9
9
3

Faktor
Gaya
Pias Gamma
bentuk
Vertikal
0.5
9.5
1800
1
9.5
1800
0.5
9.5
1000

Gaya
Horisontal
24688.125
49376.25
42750
131263.875

Stabilitas Terhadap Guling


MT
Safety Factor ( SF ) = M G > 1,5 untuk kondisi normal
> 1,1 untuk kondisi gempa
dimana :
o MV

= 2601211.9 kgm

o MH

= 253507.5 kgm

maka :

Kondisi Normal

M T 2601211.9

253507.5 = 10,26 > 1,5 .OK!


SF = M G
Stabilitas Terhadap Geser

fV c. A
H
Safety Factor ( SF ) =
> 1,5

Panjang
Lengan
3
4.5
1

Momen
-74064.375
-222193.125
42750
-253507.5

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

dimana :
sudut geser tanah = 30o
o f

= kekuatan geser = tan 30o = 0,5774

o V

= 842500 kg

o H

= 131263,875 kg

o c

= kohesi tanah ( dianggap nol )

o A

= luas bidang dasar abutment

maka :

0,5774 842500 0
SF =

131263,875

= 3.7 > 1,5 ( OK )

Stabilitas Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah


o

L
Kasus 1 jika e < 6
V
max/min = A

6e
1 L
< ijin

L
Kasus 2 ..jika e > 6

max/min =

2V
L
e B
2

< ijin

M L
L 5

0.8333
dimana : e = V 2 dengan 6 6
o

M = MT MG
= 2601211.9 253507.5
= 2347704.4 kgm

V = 842500 kg

= luas abutment = 5 x 12.5 = 77.5 m2

= lebar abutment = 5 m

M L
2347704.4
5

2 = 0,286 < 0.8333 ( kasus 1 )


e = V 2 = 842500

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

diketahui tegangan ijin tanah = ijin = 1,5 kg/cm2

V
max = A

6e
842500
6 0,286
1

1 L

= 77,5

= 14559 kg/m2
= 1,459 kg/cm2

max = 1,459 kg/cm2 < 1,5 kg/cm2 OK!

PENULANGAN ABUTMENT

Perhitungan Penulangan Abutment


Bagian I

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

Gaya

0.7
5
1.7
5
1.2
5

W1
W2
W3
W5

Faktor
bentu
k

Pias

Gamm
a

Gaya
Vertikal

0.5

2500

0.7
5

0.5

1.5

Gaya
Horisonta
l

Panjan
g
Lengan

Momen

937.5

-0.125

-117.1875

2500

4375

0.375

1640.625

2500

3125

2.125

6640.625

2500

1406.25

0.41

576.563

119600.0

b
0.3
3
0.3
3

P1
P2

-1

2
129443.7
5

Jumlah
Gaya

Faktor
bentu
k

Pias

Gamm
a

0.5

Jumlah

Mu

= 120703.12 Kgm

fc

= 30 MPa

fy

= 240 MPa

= 125 cm

-129443.75
-120703.124

Gaya
Horisonta
l

Panjan
g
Lengan

Momen

1800

891

891.000

1800

1782

1.5

2673.000

Gaya
Vertikal

2673.000

Penulangan :

2016

3564.000
-37488.551

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

= 125 10 = 115 cm

min

1,4 1,4

0,0056
fy 240

b =

0,85. f ' c
600
1
fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 30
600
x 0,85 x
250
600 250

b 0,0612
max 0,75 . b
= 0,75 . 0,0612
= 0,0459
Rn

Mu
Mn
120703,1.10 4

0,965 MPa
b.d 2 .b.d 2 0,8.1000.1250 2

fy
240
m = 0,85 x f`c = 0,85 x 30 = 9,41

2 m Rn
1
1- 1m
fy

1 1 - 1 - 2 .9,41. 0,965 0,0040

9,41
240

Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 m lebar :


As

= bd = 0,0056 x 1000 x 1150 = 6440 mm2


( dipakai D32 120 = 66,20 cm2 )

As

= 20 % x 1000 x 1250 = 2500 mm2


( dipakai D22 125 = 31,00 cm2 )

Penulangan :
Mu

= 37488,5 Kgm

fc

= 20 MPa

fy

= 250 MPa

= 125 cm

= 125 10 = 115 cm

min

1,4 1,4

0,0035
fy 390

< min

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

b =

0,85. f ' c
600
1
fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 20
600
x 0,85 x
390
600 390

b 0,022

max 0,75 . b
= 0,75 . 0,022
= 0,0165
Rn

Mn
Mu
37488,5.10 4

0,298 MPa
b.d 2 .b.d 2 0,8.1000.12502

fy
250
m = 0,85 x f`c = 0,85 x 20 = 14,7

2 m Rn
1
1- 1m
fy

1 1 - 1 - 2 .14,7. 0,298 0,0007

14,7
390

Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 m lebar :


As

= bd = 0,0035 x 1000 x 1150 = 4025 mm2


( dipakai D32 120 = 66,20 cm2 )

As

= 20 % x 1000 x 1250 = 2500 mm2


( dipakai D32 120 = 66,20 cm2 )

Bagian II

< min

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

Gaya

W1
W2
W3

0.75
1.75
1.25

W5

1.5

W6
P
Jumla
h

1.5

0.5
1
1
0.7
5
6

Faktor
bentuk
1
1
1

Pias

Gamma

1
1
1

2500
2500
2500

Gaya
Vertikal
937.5
4375
3125

0.5

2500

2500

Gaya
Horisontal

Panjang
Lengan
1.375
1.875
2.125

1289.0625
8203.125
6640.625

1406.25

1.91667

2695.317

22500

0.75
0.5

16875.000
59800

119600.02

Gaya

P1
P2
P3
Jumla
h

0.33
0.33
1.5

7.5
7.5
1.5

Faktor
bentuk
0.5
1
0.5

Pias

Gamma

1
1
1

1800
1800
1800

2016

148006,25
Gaya
Vertikal

Momen

95503,13
Gaya
Horisontal
2153.25
4306.5
2025
6459.750

Panjang
Lengan
2.5
3.75
0.5

Momen
5202.252
15611.063
1012.500
19800.815
74120.784

Penulangan :
Mu

= 95503 kgm

fc

= 30 MPa

fy

= 240 MPa

= 150 cmm

= 150 10 = 140 cm

min

1,4 1,4

0,0056
fy 240

b =

0,85. f ' c
600
1
fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 30
600
x 0,85 x
250
600 250

b 0,0612
max 0,75 . b
= 0,75 . 0,0612

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

= 0,0459
Rn

Mu
Mn
95503.10 4

0, 60MPa
b.d 2 .b.d 2 0,8.1000.1400 2

fy
240
m = 0,85 x f`c = 0,85 x 30 = 9,41

2 m Rn
1
1- 1
m
fy

1 1 - 1 - 2 .9,41. 0,6 0,0025

9,41
240

Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 m lebar :


= bd = 0,0056 x 1000 x 1400 = 7840 mm2

As

( dipakai D32 - 100 = 79,4 cm2 )


= 20 % x 1000 x 1500 = 3000 mm2

As

( dipakai D32 120 = 62,00 cm2 )


Penulangan :
Mu

= 74120 kgm

fc

= 30 MPa

fy

= 240 MPa

= 150 cmm

= 150 10 = 140 cm

min

1,4 1,4

0,0056
fy 240

b =

0,85. f ' c
600
1
fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 30
600
x 0,85 x
250
600 250

b 0,0612
max 0,75 . b
= 0,75 . 0,0612
= 0,0459
Rn

Mn
Mu
71420.104

0, 45MPa
b.d 2 .b.d 2 0,8.1000.14002

< min

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

fy
240
m = 0,85 x f`c = 0,85 x 30 = 9,41

2 m Rn
1
1- 1m
fy

1 1 - 1 - 2 .9,41. 0,45 0,0018

9,41
240

< min

Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 m lebar :


As

= bd = 0,0035 x 1000 x 1400 = 4900 mm2


( dipakai D32 - 100 = 79,4 cm2 )

As

= 20 % x 1000 x 1500 = 3000 mm2


( dipakai D32 120 = 66,20 cm2 )

Bagian III

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

Gaya

W1
W2
W3
W5
W6
W7
W8
W9
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
P
Jumlah

0.75
1.75
1.25
1.5
1.5
1.5
2
5
1.25
1.5
1.5
2
2

0.5
1
1
0.75
6
0.5
0.5
1
0.75
4.25
0.5
1.5
0.5

Faktor
bentuk
1
1
1
0.5
1
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
1
0.5
1
0.5

Pias

Gamma

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
2500
1800
1800
1800
1800
1800

Gaya
Vertikal
937.5
4375
3125
1406.25
22500
937.5
1250
12500
843.75
11475
675
5400
900

Gaya
Horisontal

119600.02

Gaya

P1
P2
P3
Jumlah

0.33
0.33
3

9
9
3

Faktor
bentuk
0.5
1
0.5

Pias

Gamma

1
1
1

1800
1800
1800

185925
Gaya
Vertikal

Gaya
Horisontal
2598.75
5197.5
8100
7796.250

Perhitungan titik tangkap gaya vertikal terhadap titik Z :


s

18290
0.09 m
= 185925

=Bs
= x 5 0.09
= 2.41 m = 241 cm

P 185925

37185 kg / m 2
A
1 5

My P.e y 37185 2.47 2,2

19398.075 kg / m 2
1 .1.53
I
I
12

min / max

P M.y

A
I

max

= 56583 kg/m2

min

= 17787 kg/m2

Panjang
Lengan
0.625
1.125
1.375
1.1667
0
1.25
1.4167
0
1.5833
1.5
1.75
1.75
2.0833
0.25
Panjang
Lengan
3
4.5
1

2016

Momen
585.9375
4921.875
4296.875
1640.672
0.000
1171.875
-1770.875
0
1335.909
17212.500
1181.250
-9450.000
-1874.970
-13456.25
4794.79875
Momen
7796.25
23388.75
8100.000
23085
-18290.2

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

x= min + ( Bb ) x

maks min
B

17787+ ( 52 ) x

5658317787
=41064.6 kg /m2
5

Mu=0,5 x 41064.6 x 22+

5658317787 2
x 2 =133856 kgm
3

Penulangan
Mu

= 133856 Kgm

fc

= 30 MPa

fy

= 240 MPa

= 100 cm

= 100 10 = 900 cm

min

1,4 1,4

0,0056
fy 240

b =

0,85. f ' c
600
1
fy
600 + fy

0,85 x 30
600
x 0,85 x
250
600 250

b 0,0612
max 0,75 . b
= 0,75 . 0,0612
= 0,0459
Rn

Mu
Mn
133856.10 4

2,06MPa
b.d 2 .b.d 2 0,8.1000.900 2

fy
240
m = 0,85 x f`c = 0,85 x 30 = 9,41

2 m Rn
1
1- 1
m
fy

1 1 - 1 - 2 .9,41. 2,06 0,0089

9,41
240

Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 m lebar :


As

= bd = 0,0085 x 1000 x 900 = 7650 mm2


( dipakai D32 100 = 79,40 cm2 )

As

= 20 % x 1000 x 1000 = 2000 mm2

> min

2016

STUDIO PERANCANGAN II

( dipakai D32 120 = 66,20 cm2 )

2016