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Metabolic Equations

ACSM Formulas

Conversion Factors
used in Metabolic Calculations
1 KG= 2.2 lb
160 lb/2.2=72.7 kg

60 kgX 2.2=132 lb

1 mph= 26.8 meters per minute


6.0 mph x 26.8 = 160.8 m.min

Conversions, cont.
Min/mile pace= 60 min/mph
60 min/7mph= 8.6 min/mile or 8:36 min:sec/mile
60 sec x 0.6 min= 36 sec

1 L = 1000 ml
1 L of O2= 5 kcal
1 MET = 3.5 ml . Kg . Min
1 MET = 1 kcal . Kg . Hr
1 Watt= 6 kgm.min
540 kgm/6 = 90 Watts

kgm.min= kg x 6 x rpm (monark cycle)

Metabolic terms:
Absolute VO2= rate of O2 uptake in
Liters/min.
Relative VO2= rate of O2 uptake in
ml/kg/min. Used to compare VO2 between
individuals of different body size.
Gross VO2= total consumption of O2
under any circumstances
Net VO2= O2 consumption rate above
resting O2 consumption rate.
Used to describe the caloric cost of exercise

ACSM Leg Ergometry Equation:


For power outputs between 300-1200
kgm/min, or 50-200 watts
VO2= (1.8 x kgm/min)/ M (wt. in kg) + (7)
Or
VO2= (10.8 x watts) / M (wt. in kg) + (7)

ACSM Leg Ergometry Equation


To calculate the energy expenditure of a 62
kg woman cycling at a work rate of 450
kgm.min:

To calculate the energy expenditure


of a 62 kg woman cycling at a work
rate of 450 kgm.min:

VO2= (1.8 x 450)/ 62 + 7


VO2= 810/62 + 7
VO2= 13 + 7
VO2= 20 ml/kg/min

ACSM Walking Equation


For speeds of 50-100 m/min. (1.9-3.7 mph)
VO2= Resting Component + Horizonal
Component + Vertical Component
R= 3.5 ml. kg. min.
H=speed (m/min) X 0.1
V=grade (decimal) X m/min X 1.8
VO2= (0.1 x S) + (1.8 x S x G) + 3.5
(H)

(V)

(R)

ACSM Walking Equation


Calculate VO2 for a 70 kg subject who is walking on the
treadmill at a speed of 3.5 mph and a grade of 10%:

Calculate VO2 for a 70 kg subject


who is walking on the treadmill at a
speed of 3.5 mph and a grade of
10%:
1. Convert speed in mph to m.min (3.5 x 26.8= 93.8)
2. Calculate horizontal component. H = speed (m.min) x 0.1 (93.9
x 0.1 = 9.38 ml.kg.min
3. Calculate vertical component: V= grade (decimal) x speed x 1.8
(.10 x 93.8 x 1.8= 16.88 ml.kg.min
4. Calculate total VO2 by adding H, V, and R (resting)
components: VO2= H + V + R (9.38 + 16.88 + 3.5)= 29.76
ml.kg.min
Convert VO2 to METS by dividing by 3.5: (29.76/3.5 = 8.5 METS
How many kcals burned in 20 minutes?

ACSM Running/Jogging
Formula
For speeds > 134 m/min (>5.0 mph), (or for
speeds as low as 3mph if jogging)
VO2= Resting Component + Horizontal
Component + Vertical Component
R= 3.5 ml.kg.min
H= speed (m/min) X 0.2
V= grade (decimal) X m/min X 0.9
VO2= (0.2 x S) + (0.9 x S x G) + 3.5
(H)

(V)

(R)

ACSM Jogging/Running
Formula
Calculate VO2 for someone running a 7.5
mph. (200 meters/min) With a 5% grade?

Calculate VO2 for someone running at


7.5 mph. (200 meters/min)
With a 5% grade?

VO2= 3.5+ (m/min X 0.2)


43.5= 3.5 + (200 x 0.2)
For uphill running, add:
grade (decimal) x m/min x 0.9
VO2= 3.5 + (200 x 0.2) + (.05 x 200 x 0.9)
VO2= 52.5

What is the total amount of work on a cycle ergometer


Kpm/min
Joules
With 2-kg resistance, 6 mrev1, 60 revmin1 for 5 min

With 2-kg resistance, 6 mrev1, 60


revmin1 for 5 min
2 kg needs to go to N - 2 X 9.79 = 19.58
19.58 x 6m/rev x 60 revs/min x 5 min
35244 Joules
For kpm/min use 2 kg and do not convert to N
3600 kpm/min

Calculate the avg. power output during 10 min of cycle ergometer


Exercise in which a total of 10,000 kpm of work was performed
Answer in kpm/min and Watts

Calculate the avg. power output during 10 min of cycle ergometer


exercise in which a total of 10,000 kpm of work was performed.
Answer in kpm/min and Watts
Work = Force X Distance
Power = Force X Distance divided by time
10,000 kpm of work
Divide by 10 min
1,000 kpm/min
1,000/6 = 166.7 Watts
1 Watt = 6 kgm/min

Calculate the work during 2-min


of treadmill exercise by a 60-kg
person running at 200
meters/min up a 10 % grade.

Calculate the work during 2-min of


treadmill exercise by a 60-kg person
running at 200 meters/min up a 10 %
grade.

Vertical displacement = % grade x distance


0.1 x (200 mmin1 x 2 min) = 40 m
Work = body weight x total vertical distance
60 kg x 9.79 = 587.4 N
587.4 N x 40 m = 23496 J
Power = work time
23496 J 120 s = 195.8 W