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Extracts from

Abul Iqbal Salafi‟s


“Asli Islam kya hai aur Jaali Islam kya hai”

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai‟s


“Qur‟an Maqlook Nahi”
Teachers of Imam Abu Hanifa
Those who taught Abu Hanifa were considered to be Kazzab(a liar) and Murji by Ahlus Sunnah.The
names of the teachers of Abu Hanifa are taken from Ibnu Al Qayyim Al Jauzi’s(rahimaullah) Jami’al
Masanid and Ibnu Hajar al-'Asqalani’s(rahimaullah) Tahdzib al-Tahdzib among other books.The
following are the references from the popular book of Imam Dhahabi (rahimaullah), Mizan al-Itidal
fi Naqd Al Rijal (The Scale of Justice in critically examining the reporters).The book deals with a large
number of reporters both the authenticated and reliable ,and the criticized and unreliable.Dhahabi
deems those who taught Abu Hanifa to be Kazzab.

Hammad bin Sulaiman

Muammar bin Rashid Ajdi Basri told Hammad bin Sulaiman that “Earlier, you were on the
path of Ahlus Sunnah but now you have become murjiah”.Hammad replied that he likes to
be an imam of bad things rather than good things.1

Abu Nageem Fazl bin Wakeen said that Hammad was a murjia.2

Aban bin Abi Ayash Mutwaffi3

Imam Shayba and Ibn Mayeen(rahimaullah) considered him a Kazzaab.4

Jabir bin Yazeed Jafi5

Abu Atoof Jarah bin Minhal6

He was a drunkard,kazzaab and was considered ghair thiqa.7

Nasr bin Tareef bin Jaza8

Imam Yahya has said that this person was infamous in the field of Hadeeth.Imam Flas had
said,’It is the ijma of Ahl-e-Ilm that he was a kazzaab’.9

Amru bin Ubaid10

Imam Ibn Hibban(rahimaullah),Ayub,Yunus and Hameed considered him kazzab.(He was a


1
Tarikh Abi Zara Pg 275 Vol.21
2
Tarikh Abi Zara Pg 295 Vol.1
3
Jami’al Masanid by Ibnu Al Qayyim Al Jauzi Pg.273 Vol.2
4
Tahdzib al-Tahdzib by Ibnu Hajar al-Asqalani Pg.99-101 Vol.1,Mizan al-Itidal by Shamsuddin Al Dhahabi Pg6-
9 Vol.1
5
Jami’al Masanid Pg.304-305 Vol.1
6
Al Muwafiq Pg.42 Vol.1
7
Mizan al-Itidal Pg 180-181 Vol.1
8
Jami’al Masanid Pg.562 Vol 2
9
Mizan al-Itidal Pg.232 Vol 3
10
Jami’al Masanid Pg.294
gustakh of Sahaba and one of first ones to endorse the Mutazila)11.

Ata bin ajlan Baeri12

He was considered a kazzab by Ibn Mayeen and Flaas and others.

Muhammad bin Asaid Kalbi13

It has been said in Meezan wa Tareeb that he was a kazzab and Rafidhi.
[Minhum bil kazzab wa rani birrafaz]

Muhammad bin Zubair14

It is known about him that he was a kazzab.15


[Marabah Rajalan faftari alayhe faultu haza min maslak kaseer]

Abu Hanifa: „Qur‟an is created‟ (Naudubillah)


[Nakal e Kufr:Kufr Nabashak]

Hafidh Ibn Hibban (rahimaullah)said,”Abu Yusuf said that the very first one to hold the
belief of createdness of The Qur’an was Abu Hanifa”.16

11
Mizan al-Itidal Pg.294 Vol 2
12
Jami’al Masanid Pg.502 Vol 2
13
Jami’al Masanid Pg.35 Vol Vol 2
14
Jami’al Masanid Pg.250 Vol 2
15
Mizan al-Itidal Pg.57 Vol 3
16
Tarikh Khateeb by Abu Bakr Al Khateeb Baghdadi Pg.378,Vol.13
Hasan bin Abi Malik said ,”I questioned Abu Yusuf regarding Abu Hanifa’s view on The
Quran.He said that he used to say Quran is created.”17

Abul Qasim Baghui said that when he narrated what Abu Yusuf had said, to Qazi Barqi ,he
confirmed that Abu Hanifa used to say that the Quran is created.Rather,he used to say:”The
Quran is even more created than me”.18

Hafidh Abu Zara said,”Qadhi Salma bin Amru stood upon the pulpit and said that Abu Hanifa
was the first one to hold that The Quran is created”.19

Sayeed bin Muslim Bahli narrated that I asked Qazi Abu Yusuf,”Why don’t you narrate hadith
from Abu Hanifa?” Abu Yusuf replied in negative and said “he had the aqeedah of Khalq e
Qur’an till his deathbed”.20

Salim bin Eesa Kaari narrated that Hammad told Sufyan Thawri(rahimaullah) that if abu
hanifa doesn’t leave his belief of Khalq e Qur’an he will continue to distance himself from
him.21

Al Qur‟an is Revealed,Uncreated
The Qur’an is the Speech of Allah

Allah (swt) says in the Holy Qur’an,

“And if anyone of the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the


Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the

17
Ibid
18
Ibid
19
Tarikh Abi Zara Pg.506 Vol.1
Tarikh Khateeb Pg.378 Vol.13
20
Tarikh Khateeb Page 379 Vol.13
21
Tarikh Khateeb Pg 370 Vol.13
Word of Allah (the Qur'an), and then escort him to where he can be secure, that is because
they are men who know not.”

[Surah Tawba Ayaah 6]

" Do you not see those who claim that they believe in what was revealed to you and to
those
before you? They wish to resort to At-Taaghoot for judgement"

[Surah Nisa Ayaah 60]

And it is authentically narrated by the Messenger of Allah(saw),

“Does not a man take me to his people because the Quraysh has barred me from
conveying the Speech of Allah”

*“ala rajolan yahmalni ila kaumihi fa in kuraishan kad manuooni an ubaliigh kalam rabbi”+

[Sunan Tirmidhi 2925 and Abu Dawood 4734.Classified as Saheeh]

So,it is evident from the Quran and Sunnah that Al-Qur’an revealed on Muhammad(saw),is
the Speech of Allah and hence uncreated.

Whoever says „Qur‟an is created‟ is a kaafir

Let us know look into what the classical scholars has said about the one who believes
:Qur’an is created(Naudubillah):

Imam Malik(rahimaullah) said,”Whoever says ‘Qur’an is created’,should be badly


beaten as a punishment and should be jailed until he dies there.22

22
As Shariah by Imam Abu Bakr Al Ijri Pg 79 Part 144,sanad is Hasan
Imam Shafi(rahimaullah) said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a
kaafir”23

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a Jahmi,do
not say salam to him,neither pray behind him nor sit with him”24

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a
kaafir.”25

Imam Abdullah bin idrees bin yazeed al kufi(rahimaullah) said,”Whoever says that
the Qur’an is created is a kafir”26

Abu Waleed said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a kafir”27

Abu Bakr bin ayaas said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a kafir,zindeeq
and enemy of Allah.Do not sit with him nor talk to him”28

Imam Shafi’s famous student,Al Buyuti said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is
created is a kafir”29

Maaz bin Maaz (rahimaullah) said,”Whoever says that the Qur’an is created is a
kafir”30

Alhumdulillah! It now stands crystal clear that Abu Hanifa was a kaafir.Even after all
this some feeble aqaid people try to prove that Abu Hanifa made tawbaah for having
such a belief,a refutation of which is provided below from Imam
Waqee’s(rahimaullah) and Ibn Hibban’s (rahimaullah) work.

Refutation of the Tawbah

Abu Hanifa’s Tawbaah-Real OR Fake?

Muhammad bin khalaf Wakee(rahimaullah) narrates,


Muhammad bin Imran bin Laila said that when abu hanifa was presented in the court of Ibn
Abi Laila then all of the people there bore witness that abu hanifa had the aqeedah of Khalq
e Qur’an and even abu hanifa agreed to this .The news reached Muhammad bin Nafe,the
Muazzin of the masjid ibn maan through Muhammad bin Harsi and Muhammad bin
Imran.He announced that ibn laila had narrated this incident to muqeem abu jafar in
23
Masail Abu Dawood Pg 262,sanad is Saheeh
24
Masail ibn Hani Pg 152 Vol.2 fekrah 1851,1853
25
Masail ibn Hani Pg 154 Vol.2 fekrah 1863
26
Khalf afalul ibaad Pg 8 fekrah 5 saheeh isnad
27
Masail Abu Dawood Pg 266 saheeh isnad
28
Masail Abu Dawood Pg 267 saheeh isnad
29
Masail Abu Dawood Pg 268 saheeh isnad
30
Ibid
medina,who has written to abi laila that if abu hanifa repents then leave him otherwise he
would be killed and his dead body would be burnt.
When Abi laila told abu hanifa about this verdict,Abu Hanifa retracted from his position.It is
narrated from AburRahman Harsi to Muhammad bin Imran who said that Wakee bin Jara
informed him that the next day ibn Abi laila asked abu hanifa,” Who gave you the power of
speech?” he answered ,”Allah!”.Ibn Laila said,”You have self contradicted yourself”(
meaning that Humans power seech is created so can we also say that Allahs power of speech
is created?).Abu hanifa realized his mistake and said that he was wrong.He was asked,”Now
after your realization what view do you have on the Qur’an?” Abu hanifa said,” I retract and
repent from my aqeedah.”After this incident abi laila sent two people with abu hanifa and
ordered the men to announce that abu hanifa has repented from his aqeedah and if they
hear anything contradictory then they must inform him.The Governor of kufa appointed
police for abu hanifa so that he couldn’t give any fatwas in the masjid.So after abu hanifa
had offered his prayer the police used to take him out of the masjid.If he said that he
wanted read tasbeeh then the police used to say,” Go and read it at home.After the salaah
you can’t say a word in the masjid.Later, ameer Muhammad bin sulaiman came then abu
hanifa and his collegues took the permission of sitting in the mosque.31

Hammad bin Abu Hanifa said that he use to hear his father say that the Qur’an was created
and he heard that he had to make tawbah in front of Abi Laila,otherwise he would have
been killed and his deadbody burned.But, after making tawba in the court when abu hanifa
returned to his house hammad asked ,”Don’t you have the aqeedah of Khalq e Quran now?”.
On being asked abu hanifa replied ,”I just did taqiya infront of the Qazi Abi Laila and
outwardly showed that I have repented(but I have not).”32

31
Akhbarul Kisnatul Waqee by Imam Waqee Pg 140-141,Sharh us Sunnah Al Lailakee Pg 63 Vol.1
32
Al Mahjar Waheen by Imam Ibn Hibban Pg 65 Vol.3 published in Beirut
The Murjiah and the Jahmiyaa are kaafir

The Murjiah were the people who among other beliefs used to hold that the emaan is
stagnant and it neither increases nor decreases.So clear is their disbelief when Allah(swt)
says,

“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and
when His Verses (this Qur'an) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their
Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone)”

[Surah Anfal Ayaah 2]

“He it is Who sent down As-Sakinah (calmness and tranquillity) into the hearts of the
believers, that they may grow more in Faith along with their (present) Faith. And to Allah
belong the hosts of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.”

[Surah Al-Fath Ayaah 4]

“Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, "Verily, the people (pagans)
have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them."But it (only) increased
them in Faith, and they said: "Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer
of affairs (for us). "

[Surah Al-Imran Ayaah 173]

It is authentically narrated from the Prophet(saw) that,

ʺI have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence


and religion perhaps deterring a determined,wise man ‐ than one of you.”

[Narrated by Bukhari(304) and Muslim(80)]

Narrated by Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said,” Faith has over seventy
branches or over sixty branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is
none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, and the humblest of which is the, removal of
what is injurious from the path: and modesty is the branch of faith.”

[Narrated By Muslim(56)]
Imam Bukhari(rahimullah) in his book writes,”Murjiah invented the aqeedah of Jahmia and
Jahmis are actually Kuffar.”33

Masr bin Kuddaam was a murji and when he died, Sufyan Thawri(rahimaullah) refrained
from being a part of his funeral prayer.34

Jahmees are kafir and one should not offer prayer behind them.[‘al jahmiyato kuffaro la
yusalli khalfahum’ ]35

One should not offer prayer behind the likes of Jahmiyaah and Mutazila.*‘ la yusalli
khalfahum masalul jahmiya wal mutazila’]36

Indeed,they(the murjiah) are khabbis.[‘innahum le khasba’]37

People of the Batil sects such as shia,khwarij,jahmiyaah,mutazila should not be spoken


to.One should neither say salaam to nor make ties of relationship with them.38

Messenger of Allah (saw) said,”One who respects ahlul bid’ah ,demolishes the pillars of
Islam.”*‘ man waqara sahib bidah fakad aan ala hudamulislam’]39

Abu Hanifa –the Jahmee and the Murji

Imam Bukhari says,”Abu Hanifa was a Murji.They left him,his ra’ay and his hadith”.
[Sakatoo’Anhu wa ‘an Rayhi wa ‘an hadithihi]”40

Sayeed Muslim Bahli asked Qazi Abu Yusuf, “Was Abu Hanifa was a murji ?”.He replied,
“Yes”.Bahli asked again,”Was he a Jahmi also?”.Abu Yusuf said,” Yes”. Bahli asked about
Abu Yusuf’s condition and aqeedah to which he replied,”Yes.He was my teacher and I learnt
from him but whenever I found something wrong I left his sayings”.41

33
Khalq Afalul Ibaad by Imam Bukhari Pg 9
34
Tabqaat ibn Saad Pg 254 Vol.6
35
Masail Ahmad narrated by Abu Dawood (pg 268) with a saheeh sanad
36
Kitab us Sunnah by Abdullah bin Ahmad ibn Hanbal Pg 103 Vol.1 fekrah 6
37
Kitab us Sunnah Pg 100 123 feikrah 55
38
Kitab us Shariah by Imam Abu Bakr al ijri Pg 290
39
Kitab us Shariah Pg 962 Part no 2040(saheeh sanad) Imam Dhahabi (in Tarikhul Islam pg 479)said about this
narration:’wa huwal maqbool arayto’(this narration is maqbool)
40
Tarikh Kabeer Pg 81 Vol.8 by Imam Bukhari
41
Al Tashkeel Pg 510 Vol.1
Saeed bin Salman said to Qadi Abu Yusuf,”I heard that the people of Khurusan say Abu
Hanifa is Jahimee and Murijee' .Abu Yusuf replied that this was correct.42

Khateeb Baghdadi (rahimaullah) says:”Abu Awana said that Abu Hanifa was a murji”.43

Ismail bin Ararah narrated that Abu Hanifa said,”Jahm bin Safwan’s wife teaches our
women”.44

Shaikh Ra’ees Nadwi writes in his book,”Abu Hanifa gave forty thousand dirhams to
Hammad to become a murji,after which muhaddiseen and fuqaha’s broke all ties with
Hammad”.45

Imam Dhahabi narrates:”After Ibrahim Nakhi’s death five persons assembled and one of
them was Umar bin Qais Maser and the second was Abu Hanifa.They presented forty
thousand dirhams to Hammad to become the sardar of murjiah”.46

Commenting on the views Abu Hanifa regarding emaan being stagnant Sufyan
Thawri(rahimaullah) said,”Anyone with the above faith is a kaafir”.47

The Mutazala rulers were hanafis and amongst their followers was Abu Hanifa’s grandson.48

Muhammad bin Rooh Madani said that Moala bin Asad narrated from me that he asked Ibn
Mubarak that he once followed the sayings of Abu Hanifa upon which he replied in
affirmation and said,” Yes.I used to follow Abu Hanifa but at that time I didn’t know him but
when I came to know him I declared him matrook(one who should be left)”.49

Hafas bin Abdullah said that I bear witness that Abdullah ibn Mubarak(rahimaullah) said to
me,”I left whatever I learnt from Abu Hanifa and asked for forgiveness.”50

Abdullah ibn Mubarak declared Abu Hanifa as matrook.51

Abu warai enquired ibn Mubarak about him narrating from Abu Hanifa.Upon this Abdullah
became sad and displayed great regret.He began to weep and repented(Tawbah) that he

42
Tarikh Baghdad by Khateeb Baghdadi Pg 386 Vol.13
43
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 385 Vol.13
44
Tarikh Shageer by Imam Bukhari Pg 158
45
Al Lamhat by Ra’ees Nadwi Pg 423
46
Manaqib Abu Hanifa by Imam Dhahabi Pg 7
47
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 376 Vol.13
48
Tanibul Khateeb by Khateeb Baghdadi Pg 2
49
Al-Intiqâ' fî Fadâ'il al-Thalâthat al-A'immat al-Fuqahâ' Mâlik wal-Shâfi`î wa Abî Hanîfa by Ibn Abdul Barr
Pg151
50
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 404 Vol.13
51
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 414 Vol.13
ever narrated from Abu Hanifa.52

Abdullah ibn Mubarak said that whoever gives fatwa according to Abu Hanifa’s book ‘Kitab-
ul-Heel’,he will become an apostate(murtad).53

Hammad bin zaid said that Abu Hanifa used to debate for the Murjiah and Ahlul Kalam but
when he feared his life, he turned to Fiqh of Ahlur Ray.54

Ishaaq bin eesaa tabaa narrated he was sitting with Hammad bin zaid and Wahab bin jarir
was also with us. I said something about Abu Hanifa then Hammad bin zaid told me to keep
quiet and said that whoever talks about Ahlul Bidah in his family circle is like he slips in urine
and goes understanding Haq as Batil and Al Batil as Haq and he has no respect left in the
society.Hammad bin zaid then said,”Do you know who was abu hanifa? He used to debate
for the Murjia and when feared for his life he turned to fiqh of ahlur ray and began to do
qiyaas with one hadith on another and this is forbidden.”55

Abu Hanifa asked Abdullah ibn yazeed to become a murji but he refused.56

Tahir bin Muhammad said:


Imam Wakee narrates, one day ibn Abi Laila,Shareek Thawri and abu hanifa were together
and Abu Hanifa suddenly said that whosoever marries his own mother then his emaan is the
same as Gabriel.Wakee says that because of these incidents imam shareek thawri called all
of abu hanifa’s companions as mardood and he never talked to him again.57

Abu Hanifa along with Qais Maser and his son Umar accepted the madhab of Murjiah.58

The classical scholars considered Abu Hanifa as a Kaafir

Commenting on the views Abu Hanifa regarding emaan being stagnant Sufyan
Thawri(rahimaullah) said,”Anyone with the above faith is a kaafir”.59

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said,”Abu Hanifa’s fatwa are at par with goats faeces”.60

Imam Shaafi said,”No one more mischievous has appeared in Islam than Abu Hanifa”.61

52
As Shikat of Ibn Hibban,Tankeel Pg 350 Vol.1
53
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 403 Vol.13
54
Halyatul Awliya of Nuaym isfahani Pg 358,359 Vol.2
55
Halyatul Awliya of Nuaym isfahani Pg 258 & 259 Vol.2
56
Khateeb Pg 375 Vol.13
57
Al Kaamil of Ibn Adi Pg 69 Vol.3,Khateeb Pg 374 Vol.13
58
Al Lamhaat Pg 427 Vol.1
59
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 376 Vol.13
60
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 411 Vol.13
Once Imam Malik asked Walid bin Muslim,”Do people listen to Abu Hanifa in your city?”.He
answered,”Yes”.Imam Malik replied,”It is amazing that your city has not been destroyed.Abu
Hanifa mocks Allah’s Deen”62

Someone asked Abu Hanifa,”If I say that I testify that the Kaba is the truth but I dont know
whether its in Makka or Madina, if someone testifies that Muhammad bin Abdullah is a
Prophet but I dont know whether its that person buried in Madina or elsewhere whats my
position?” Abu Hanifa replied,” Anyone with the above faith is a Momin.” Imam Bukhari
Shaykh Hameedi said,” Whoever issued this fatwa is a Kaafir!”.

Yazeed bin Haroon said,”The companions of Abu Hanifa closely resemble the christians.”63

Muhammad bin Abdullah al Maliki said,” I heard Abu Bakr Subjistani telling his followers that
What do you say when to a Fatwa on which Imam Malik, Shaafii, Imam Auzai, Hasan bin
Saleh, Safyan Suhri and their respective followers have an ijma? They [his followers] said
that it must be the most correct ruling. Abu Bakr Subjistani then said that these individual
have an ijma that Abu Hanifa was evil and misguided”64

When the news of Abu Hanifa’s death reached Sufyan al-Thawri, he praised Allah (swt) who
relieved Islam from the Fitnah of Abu Hanifa. Numan weakened every page of Islam. Imam
of Ahlul Sunnah Uzay said on his death said,” Numan was the most harmful thing to
Islam”.65

Imam Awzai said when he heard the death of imam Abu Hanifa,” Glory to the one who made
him dead, because he was destroying Ura of Islam, urwah by Urwah”[(Alhamdulilah Lazi
AmatahuFa Inahu Kana Yanqudhu ‘ura Al islami Urwatan Urwatan+66

[for more references please visit: http://www.scribd.com/doc/26138641/About-Abu-Hanifa]

61
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 398 Vol.13
62
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 400 Vol.13
63
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 310 Vol.13
64
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 383 Vol.13
65
Tarikh Baghdad Pg 398 Vol.13
66
Kitab Us Sunnah Pg 207 Vol.1