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المنحنيات

المنحنيات

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منشور بواسطةPE AbdUllh A. Shatrit

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Published by: PE AbdUllh A. Shatrit on Oct 09, 2010
حقوق الطبع:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/25/2015

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ميحرلا نمحرلا لا مسب

اهعيقوت ةيفيكو اهتلداعمو اهعاونأ تاينحنملا
ةةةةة:
ةةة ةةةة ةةةةة ةةةةةة ةةةةة ةةةةةةة ةة ةةةة ةة
ةةةةةةةة ةةةةةة ةةةةة ةةةةةةةةةة ةةةةةةةة ةةةةةة
ةةةةةة ةةةةةةة ةة ةةةةةةة ةةةةةة ةةةةة ةةةةةة
ةةة ةةة ةةةةةةةة ةةةةةةةة طوطخلا
يلإ تاينحنملا ميست !"م#و $
%& ةي'(ا تا)اسملا ي' تاع*ا+لا طوط, !ي- .-/ت ي+لا ي0و $ ةي'أ تاينحنم 1
2& ةي3ا/لا تا)اسملا ي' تاع*ا+لا طوط, !ي- .-/ت ي+لا ي0و $ ةي3ا) تاينحنم 1
تاينحنملا ميم4ت ي' /5وت ي+لا 6ماوعلا $
7 8)(ا ةي'ا/9و:* 1
7 اه- /م# ;<# ي+لا =/لاو >?ملا@ A#/طلا )اسمل ةمكاحلا طانلا
A#/طلا @
7 ة#دا4+قلا 6ماوعلا
7 )اسملا يBع CدوDوملا AEاوعلا
7 ةيميم4+لا ةع/سلا
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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%
%& ةي'(ا تاينحنملا $
& اهعاونأ $
7 !يمي+سم !يط, !ي- .-/# ?Fاو G/Eاد Hوق !م Iنو"م $ ةطيس- ة#/Eاد تاينحنم
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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2
7 )اطقأ Jا4نإ يتاوK !يت/Eاد !م !ي3وق A#/* !ع امهLع:- !ي0ا<تلا 64+# Iي'و $ ة:ك/م ة#/Eاد تاينحنم
?Fاو Mا<تا ي' /Eاو?لا Nكا/م Oتو ةفB+خم
7 ةيس"ع تاينحنم $
!يفB+خم !ي0ا<تا ي' ام0Nكا/م Oت !يت/Eاد !م !ي3و- !يمي+سملا !يطخلا .-) م+# PيF
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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Q
7 ةيلا+نلا تاينحنملا $
!يعم /طق R4ن يلإ ة#اهن لام !ي- Sوا/+ت )اطقأ Jا4نإ GK Hوق A#/* !ع امهLع:- !ي0ا<تلا 64# Iي'و
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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T
ينوNBحلا ينحنملا و0 ةيلا+نلا تاينحنملا Uاونأ /هVأو
WXYZ[\ ]^Z_`
ةي'(ا تاينحنملا تلداعم $
.يس:لا ينحنملا تلداعم $&
• Point of Intersection (PI): the point at which the two tangents to the
curve intersect
• Delta Angle: the angle between the tangents is also equal to the
angle at the center of the curve
• Back Tangent: for a survey progressing to the right it is the straight
line that connects the P! to the PI
• "orwar# Tangent: for a survey progressing to the right it is the
straight line that connects the PI to the PT
• Point of !urvature (P!): the beginning point of the curve
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a
• Point of Tangency (PT): the en# point of the curve
• Tangent Distance (T): the #istance fro$ the P! to PI or fro$ the PI to
PT
• %&ternal Distance (%): the #istance fro$ the PI to the $i##le point of
the curve
• 'i##le (r#inate ('): the #istance fro$ the $i##le point of the curve
to the $i##le of the chor# )oining the P! an# PT
• *ong !hor# (*!): the #istance along the line )oining the P! an# the
PT
• *ength of !urve: the #ifference in stationing along the curve
between the P! an# the PT

ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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b
- +,-./012 +303412 56789:
- spiral curve:
WXYZ[\ cde[eYdf
• T;: point of change fro$ tangent to spiral
• ;!: point of change fro$ spiral to circle
• !;: point of change fro$ circle to spiral
• ;T: point of change fro$ spiral to tangent
• l: spiral arc length fro$ T; to any point on the spiral
• ls: total length of spiral fro$ T; to ;!
• Theta: central angle of spiral are l
• Thetas: the spiral angle < central angle of spiral arc ls
• Phi: spiral #eflection angle at the T; fro$ initial tangent to any point
on the spiral
• Ds: #egree of curve of the spiral at any point an# = < its ra#ius
• Dc: #egree of curve of the shifte# circle to which the spiral beco$es
tangent at the ;! an# =>c the ra#ius fo the circle
• Delta: total central angle of the circular curve
• Deltac: central angle of circular arc of *>c e&ten#ing fro$ the ;! to
the !;
• ys: tangent offset of the ;! with reference to the T; an# the initial
tangent
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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g
• &s: tangent #istance for the ;!
• p: offset fro$ the initial tangent to the P! of the shifte# circular
curve
• k: abscissa of the shifte# P! referre# to the T;
• Ts: total tangent #istance < #istance fro$ PI to T; or ;T
• %s: < total e&ternal #istance < #istance fro$ PI to $i#point of curve
W`\`]e`h idZj^\[k idZ kXYZ[\ ]^Z_`k$
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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l
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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Tel:+249912336349
m
no[jX\` pZdq\`j & r`s^\[Z t`i\`]eYdf ufs\`k$
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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Tel:+249912336349
%v
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?@DEF2 58@303412 G@HIJ MNO ?PQP R83S
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[> ?@1IB12 789UV2- 8X2-.12 WXNO YC G@HIZ12 ?DXNO
\> 58@P2]^V2 WXNO YC G@HIZ12 ?DXNO

ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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%%
- ?@_2N12 58@303412 :
-

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Tel:+249912336349
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?@_2N12 58@303412 a2I,2
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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Tel:+249912336349
%Q
?@_2N12 58@303412 56789: :
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
E-mail: aboahemad37@windowslive.com
Tel:+249912336349
%T
ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة ةةة /ة
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Tel:+249912336349
%a
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E-mail: aboahemad37@windowslive.com
Tel:+249912336349
%b

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