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You are on page 1of 56

3

y=x +1

Working:

Answers:

…………………………………………..

(Total 4 marks)

f: x p cos x, p ∈ .

y

3

π x

2

– 3

1

Find

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

(a) 3 − 4x

sin x

(b) e

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

2

4. The function f is given by

2x + 1

F(x) = x − 3 , x ∈ , x ≠ 3.

(2)

(1)

(iii) Write down the coordinates of the point P at which the asymptotes intersect.

(1)

(b) Find the points of intersection of the graph and the axes.

(4)

(c) Hence sketch the graph of y = f(x), showing the asymptotes by dotted lines.

(4)

−7

2

(d) Show that f′ (x) = ( x − 3) and hence find the equation of the tangent at

the point S where x = 4.

(6)

(e) The tangent at the point T on the graph is parallel to the tangent at S.

(5)

(l)

(Total 24 marks)

2

(a) Show that f ′ (x) = x – 2x – 3 and hence find f(x).

(6)

(3)

(c) Hence sketch the graph of f labelling it with the information obtained in part (b).

(4)

(Note: It is not necessary to find the coordinates of the points where the graph

cuts the x-axis.)

(Total 13 marks)

3

x

The diagram shows part of the graph of y = e .

2

6.

y

x

y = 2 e

P

l n 2 x

(a) Find the coordinates of the point P, where the graph meets the y-axis.

(2)

The shaded region between the graph and the x-axis, bounded by x = 0

and x = ln 2, is rotated through 360° about the x-axis.

(b) Write down an integral which represents the volume of the solid obtained.

(4)

(5)

(Total 11 marks)

2

7. The parabola shown has equation y = 9x.

y 2 = 9 x

y

P

M

Q

x

(2)

The line (PQ) is the normal to the parabola at the point P, and cuts the x-axis at Q.

(5)

(2)

4

9 , 0

S is the point 4 .

(4)

(d) The line (PM) is parallel to the x-axis. From part (c), explain why

(QP) bisects the angle SPM.

(3)

(Total 16 marks)

2 2

(a) (x + l)

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

1

9. The diagram shows part of the graph of y = x . The area of the shaded region is 2 units.

y

0 1 a x

5

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

π x

f(x) = A sin 2 + B,

y ( 1 , 3 ) ( 5 , 3 )

( 0 , 1 )

x

0 1 2 3 4 5

( 3 , – 1 )

The graph includes the points (1, 3) and (5, 3), which are maximum points of the graph.

(2)

(2)

(5)

π x

(d) Show that f'(x) = π cos 2 .

(4)

6

The line y = k – π x is a tangent line to the graph for 0 ≤ x ≤ 5.

(e) Find

(6)

(5)

(Total 24 marks)

11. (a) Find the equation of the tangent line to the curve y = ln x at the point (e, 1), and

verify that the origin is on this line.

(4)

d

(b) Show that x (x ln x – x) = ln x.

d

(2)

(c) The diagram shows the region enclosed by the curve y = ln x, the tangent line in part (a),

and the line y = 0.

y

1 ( e , 1 )

0 1 2 3 x

1

Use the result of part (b) to show that the area of this region is 2 e – 1.

(4)

(Total 10 marks)

7

2

12. A curve has equation y = x(x – 4) .

(9)

(b) Use your answers to part (a) to sketch a graph of the curve for 0 ≤ x ≤ 4, clearly

indicating the features you have found in part (a).

(3)

(c) (i) On your sketch indicate by shading the region whose area is given by

the following integral:

2

∫0

x( x − 4) 2 dx.

(ii) Explain, using your answer to part (a), why the value of this integral is greater than

0 but less than 40.

(3)

(Total 15 marks)

2

13. Find the coordinates of the point on the graph of y = x – x at which the tangent is parallel to the

line y = 5x.

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

8

π

14. If f ′ (x) = cos x, and f 2 = – 2, find f(x).

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

3

15. Let f (x) = x .

f (5 + h) − f (5)

(a) Evaluate h for h = 0.1.

f (5 + h) − f (5)

(b) What number does h approach as h approaches zero?

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

9

16. The main runway at Concordville airport is 2 km long. An aeroplane, landing at Concordville,

touches down at point T, and immediately starts to slow down. The point A is at the southern

end of the runway. A marker is located at point P on the runway.

P

A B

T

2 k m

Not to scale

2

s = c + 100t – 4t ,

where t is the time in seconds after touchdown, and c metres is the distance of T from A.

(i) Find the distance travelled by the aeroplane in the first 5 seconds after touchdown.

(2)

(ii) Write down an expression for the velocity of the aeroplane at time t seconds after

touchdown, and hence find the velocity after 5 seconds.

(3)

–1

The aeroplane passes the marker at P with a velocity of 36 m s . Find

(2)

(3)

(b) Show that if the aeroplane touches down before reaching the point P, it can stop before

reaching the northern end, B, of the runway.

(5)

(Total 15 marks)

17. (a) Sketch the graph of y = π sin x – x, –3 ≤ x ≤ 3, on millimetre square paper, using

a scale of 2 cm per unit on each axis.

Label and number both axes and indicate clearly the approximate positions of the

x-intercepts and the local maximum and minimum points.

(5)

π sin x – x = 0, x > 0.

(1)

10

(c) Find the indefinite integral

∫ (π sin x − x) dx

and hence, or otherwise, calculate the area of the region enclosed by the graph, the

x-axis and the line x = 1.

(4)

(Total 10 marks)

18. The diagram shows part of the graph of the curve with equation

2x

y = e cos x.

P a( , b )

0 x

dy

2x

(a) Show that dx = e (2 cos x – sin x).

(2)

d2 y

2

(b) Find dx .

(4)

(c) Use the results from parts (a) and (b) to prove that:

3

(i) tan a = 4 ;

(3)

2x

(ii) the gradient of the curve at P is e .

(5)

(Total 14 marks)

11

19. A curve with equation y =f(x) passes through the point (1, 1). Its gradient function is

f′ (x) = 2x + 3.

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

3

20. Given that f(x) = (2x + 5) find

(a) f′ (x);

(b) ∫ f ( x)dx.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

12

1

21. The diagram shows the graph of the function y = 1 + x , 0 < x ≤ 4. Find the exact value of the

area of the shaded region.

4

1

y 1= –+

x

3

2

1

1 3

1

0 1 2 3 4

Working:

Answers:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 4 marks)

22. A rock-climber slips off a rock-face and falls vertically. At first he falls freely, but after 2

seconds a safety rope slows him down. The height h metres of the rock-climber after t seconds

of the fall is given by:

2

H = 50 – 5t , 0≤ t≤ 2

2

H = 90 – 40t + 5t , 2≤ t≤ 5

(1)

(4)

13

dh

(c) Find dt for:

(i) 0≤ t≤ 2

(ii) 2≤ t≤ 5

(2)

(2)

(e) Find the times when the velocity of the rock-climber is zero.

(3)

(3)

(Total 15 marks)

23. In this question you should note that radians are used throughout.

2

(a) (i) Sketch the graph of y = x cos x, for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 making clear the

approximate positions of the positive intercept, the maximum point and the end-

points.

(ii) Write down the approximate coordinates of the positive x-intercept, the maximum

point and the end-points.

(7)

(2)

Let R be the region in the first quadrant enclosed by the graph and the x-axis.

(3)

(d) Evaluate the integral in part (c)(ii), either by using a graphic display calculator, or by

using the following information.

d

dx (x2 sin x + 2x cos x – 2 sin x) = x2 cos x.

(3)

(Total 15 marks)

2

f(x) = (sin x) cos x.

14

The following diagram shows part of the graph of y = f(x).

y

B x

O

The point A is a maximum point, the point B lies on the x-axis, and the point C is a point of

inflexion.

(1)

(b) From consideration of the graph of y = f(x), find to an accuracy of one significant

figure the range of f.

(1)

1

(ii) Hence show that at the point A, cos x = 3.

(9)

(1)

(ii) Find the area of the shaded region in the diagram.

(4)

15

3

(f) Given that f″ (x) = 9(cos x) – 7 cos x, find the x-coordinate at the point C.

(4)

(Total 20 marks)

2

25. Let f′ (x) = 1 – x . Given that f(3) = 0, find f(x).

Working:

Answers:

…………………………………………..

(Total 4 marks)

2

26. Given the function f(x) = x – 3bx + (c + 2), determine the values of b and c such that f(i) = 0 and

f′ (3) = 0.

Working:

Answers:

…………………………………………..

(Total 4 marks)

(a) Draw the graph of y = π + x cos x, 0 ≤ x ≤ 5, on millimetre square graph paper, using a

scale of 2 cm per unit. Make clear

(ii) the approximate positions of the x-intercepts and the turning points.

(5)

16

(b) Without the use of a calculator, show that π is a solution of the equation

π + x cos x = 0.

(3)

(c) Find another solution of the equation π + x cos x = 0 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 5, giving your answer

to six significant figures.

(2)

(d) Let R be the region enclosed by the graph and the axes for 0 ≤ x ≤ π . Shade R on your

diagram, and write down an integral which represents the area of R .

(2)

(e) Evaluate the integral in part (d) to an accuracy of six significant figures. (If you consider it

d

( x sin x + cos x ) = x cos x .)

necessary, you can make use of the result x d

(3)

(Total 15 marks)

28. A ball is thrown vertically upwards into the air. The height, h metres, of the ball above the

ground after t seconds is given by

2

h = 2 + 20t – 5t , t ≥ 0

(a) Find the initial height above the ground of the ball (that is, its height at the instant when it

is released).

(2)

(b) Show that the height of the ball after one second is 17 metres.

(2)

(i) Write down an equation that t must satisfy when the ball is at a height of 17 metres.

(4)

dh

(d) (i) Find dt .

(ii) Find the initial velocity of the ball (that is, its velocity at the instant when it is

released).

(7)

(Total 15 marks)

17

29. The function f is given by

2x

f ( x) =1 –

1+ x 2

(a) (i) To display the graph of y = f(x) for –10 ≤ x ≤ 10, a suitable interval

for y, a ≤ y ≤ b must be chosen. Suggest appropriate values for a and b .

(3)

2x 2 – 2

f ′ ( x) = .

(b) Show that (1 + x 2 ) 2

(4)

(c) Use your answer to part (b) to find the coordinates of the maximum point of the graph.

(3)

∫ f ( x) dx

(ii) Hence find the exact area of the region enclosed by the graph of f, the x-axis and

the y-axis.

(8)

(Total 18 marks)

1

,0

30. The point P ( 2 ) lies on the graph of the curve of y = sin(2x –1) .

Working:

Answers:

…………………………………………..

(Total 4 marks)

18

31. Find

∫e

–4 x

dx

(b) .

Working:

Answers:

…………………………………………..

(Total 4 marks)

1n 2 x

f ( x) = , x > 0.

32. The function f is given by x

1 – 1n 2 x

f ′ ( x) = .

(a) (i) Show that x2

Hence

(ii) prove that the graph of f can have only one local maximum or minimum point;

(6)

21n 2 x – 3

f ′′ ( x) =

(b) By showing that the second derivative x3 or otherwise,

ﬁnd the coordinates of the point of inﬂexion on the graph of f.

(6)

19

(c) The region S is enclosed by the graph of f , the x-axis, and the vertical line

through the maximum point of f , as shown in the diagram below.

y

y= f( x)

0 x

(i) Would the trapezium rule overestimate or underestimate the area of S? Justify your

answer by drawing a diagram or otherwise.

(3)

(4)

(4)

(i) Show that it is not possible to ﬁnd a solution using a starting value of

x1 = 1.

(3)

(ii) Starting with x1 = 0.4, calculate successive approximations x2, x3, ...

for the root of the equation until the absolute error is less than 0.01.

Give all answers correct to ﬁve decimal places.

(4)

(Total 30 marks)

20

33. Consider the function f(x) = k sin x + 3x, where k is a constant.

π

(b) When x = 3 , the gradient of the curve of f(x) is 8. Find the value of k.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 4 marks)

34. The diagram below shows part of the graph of the function

f : x – x 3 + 2 x 2 + 15 x .

4 0

Q

3 5

3 0

2 5

2 0

A 1 5

1 0

5 B

– 3 – 2 – 1– 5 1 2 3 4 5 x

– 1 0

– 1 5

P

– 2 0

The graph intercepts the x-axis at A(–3,0), B(5,0) and the origin, O. There is a minimum point at

P and a maximum point at Q.

21

(a) The function may also be written in the form f : x – x( x – a) ( x – b),

where a < b . Write down the value of

(i) a;

(ii) b.

(2)

(b) Find

(i) f ′ (x);

(7)

(ii) This tangent cuts the graph of f at another point. Give the x-coordinate of this point.

(4)

(2)

(Total 15 marks)

35. A ball is dropped vertically from a great height. Its velocity v is given by

–0.2t

v = 50 – 50e ,t≥ 0

(i) t = 0;

(ii) t = 10.

(2)

(3)

(iii) Explain the relationship between the answers to parts (i) and (ii).

(3)

22

(d) Let y metres be the distance fallen after t seconds.

–0.2t

(i) Show that y = 50t + 250e + k, where k is a constant.

(iii) Find the time required to fall 250 m, giving your answer correct to four significant

figures.

(7)

(Total 15 marks)

3x – 2

y= .

Consider the function 2x – 5

(2)

dx

(b) Find dy , simplifying the answer as much as possible.

(3)

(c) How many points of inflexion does the graph of this function have?

(1)

(Total 7 marks)

23

37. Figure 1 shows the graphs of the functions f1, f2, f3, f4.

Figure 2 includes the graphs of the derivatives of the functions shown in Figure 1, e.g. the

derivative of f1 is shown in diagram (d).

Figure 1 Figure 2

y y

f1 ( a )

O x

x

O

y y

f2 ( b )

x O x

O

y y

f3 ( c )

x O x

O

y y

f4 ( d )

O

x O x

y

( e )

O x

24

Complete the table below by matching each function with its derivative.

f1 (d)

f2

f3

f4

Working:

(Total 6 marks)

–kx

38. Consider functions of the form y = e

1 1

(a) Show that ∫ 0

e – kx dx

= k (1 – e ).

–k

(3)

–0.5x

(i) Sketch the graph of y = e , for –1 ≤ x ≤ 3, indicating the coordinates of the

y-intercept.

(ii) Shade the region enclosed by this graph, the x-axis, y-axis and the line x = 1.

(5)

25

dy

–kx

(c) (i) Find dx in terms of k, where y = e .

–kx

The point P(1, 0.8) lies on the graph of the function y = e .

(5)

(Total 13 marks)

2

3

39. Let the function f be defined by f(x) = 1 + x , x ≠ –1.

(a) (i) Write down the equation of the vertical asymptote of the graph of f.

(ii) Write down the equation of the horizontal asymptote of the graph of f.

(4)

– 6x 2

Using the fact that f′ (x) = (1 + x ) , show that the second derivative

3 2

(b) (i)

( )

12 x 2 x 3 – 1

3 3

f″ (x) = (1 + x ) .

(6)

(c) The table below gives some values of f(x) and 2f(x).

x f(x) 2f(x)

1 1 2

1.4 0.534188 1.068376

1.8 0.292740 0.585480

2.2 0.171703 0.343407

2.6 0.107666 0.215332

3 0.071429 0.142857

3

f ( x ) dx.

(i) Use the trapezium rule with five sub-intervals to approximate the integral ∫ 1

26

3

f ( x ) dx

(ii) Given that ∫ 1 = 0.637599, use a diagram to explain why your answer is

greater than this.

(5)

(Total 15 marks)

(a) f′ (x);

(b) ∫

f ( x)dx.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

3 2

41. The graph of y = x – 10x +12x + 23 has a maximum point between x = –1 and x = 3. Find the

coordinates of this maximum point.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

27

42. The diagram shows part of the curve y = sin x. The shaded region is bounded by the curve and

3π

the lines y = 0 and x = 4 .

y

3π π x

4

3π 2 3π 2

Given that sin 4 = 2 and cos 4 =– 2 , calculate the exact area of the shaded region.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

x

43. The diagram below shows a sketch of the graph of the function y = sin(e ) where –1 ≤ x ≤ 2,

and x is in radians. The graph cuts the y-axis at A, and the x-axis at C and D. It has a maximum

point at B.

y

B

A

– 1 0 1 C D 2 x

(2)

28

(b) The coordinates of C may be written as (ln k, 0). Find the exact value of k.

(2)

dy

(ii) Find dx .

π

(iii) Hence, show that at B, x = ln 2 .

(6)

(d) (i) Write down the integral which represents the shaded area.

(5)

(e) (i) Copy the above diagram into your answer booklet. (There is no need to

3

copy the shading.) On your diagram, sketch the graph of y = x .

(ii) The two graphs intersect at the point P. Find the x-coordinate of P.

(3)

(Total 18 marks)

44. In this question, s represents displacement in metres, and t represents time in seconds.

ds

–1

(a) The velocity v ms of a moving body may be written as v = dt = 30 – at, where a is a

constant. Given that s = 0 when t = 0, find an expression for s in terms of a and t.

(5)

Trains approaching a station start to slow down when they pass a signal which is 200 m from the

station.

(b) The velocity of Train 1 t seconds after passing the signal is given by v = 30 – 5t.

(5)

(c) Train 2 slows down so that it stops at the station. Its velocity is given by

ds

v = dt = 30 – at, where a is a constant.

(ii) Use your solutions to parts (a) and (c)(i) to find the value of a.

(5)

(Total 15 marks)

x

2

Let f(x) = e + 5cos x. Find f′ (x).

3

45.

29

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

∫ g ( x ) dx

46. Given that 1 = 10, deduce the value of

3

1

∫ 2 g ( x)dx;

(a) 1

∫ ( g ( x) + 4)dx.

(b) 1

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

30

–1

47. An aircraft lands on a runway. Its velocity v ms at time t seconds after landing is given by the

–0.5t

equation v = 50 + 50e , where 0 ≤ t ≤ 4.

(ii) when t = 4.

(4)

(b) Write down an integral which represents the distance travelled in the first four seconds.

(3)

(2)

After four seconds, the aircraft slows down (decelerates) at a constant rate and comes to rest

when t = 11.

(d) Sketch a graph of velocity against time for 0 ≤ t ≤ 11. Clearly label the axes and mark on

the graph the point where t = 4.

(5)

(e) Find the constant rate at which the aircraft is slowing down (decelerating) between t = 4

and t = 11.

(2)

(f) Calculate the distance travelled by the aircraft between t = 4 and t = 11.

(2)

(Total 18 marks)

π

(a) (i) Show that f(– 4 ) = 0.

(ii) Find in terms of π , the smallest positive value of x which satisfies f(x) = 0.

(3)

31

x

The diagram shows the graph of y = e (cos x + sin x), – 2 ≤ x ≤ 3. The graph has a maximum

turning point at C(a, b) and a point of inflexion at D.

6 C a ( , b )

4

D

2

x

– 2 – 1 1 2 3

dy

(b) Find dx .

(3)

(4)

(5)

(2)

(Total 17 marks)

32

dy

3

49. It is given that dx = x +2x – 1 and that y = 13 when x = 2.

Find y in terms of x.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

33

50. (a) Find ∫ (1 + 3 sin(x + 2))dx.

(b) The diagram shows part of the graph of the function f(x) = 1 + 3 sin(x + 2).

a

0

f ( x ) dx

.

– 4 – 2 0 2 4 x

– 2

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) …………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

34

51. The diagram shows the graph of y = f(x).

0 x

35

On the grid below sketch the graph of y = f′ (x).

0 x

(Total 6 marks)

–2x

52. Consider the function f(x) = 1 + e .

(ii) Explain briefly how this shows that f(x) is a decreasing function for all values of x

(i.e. that f(x) always decreases in value as x increases).

(2)

36

1

Let P be the point on the graph of f where x = – 2 .

(2)

(c) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at P, giving your answer in the form

y = ax + b.

(3)

1

(ii) Draw the tangent at x = – 2 .

(iii) Shade the area enclosed by the curve, the tangent and the y-axis.

(7)

(Total 14 marks)

A mass is suspended from the ceiling on a spring. It is pulled down to point P and then released.

It oscillates up and down.

d i a g r a m n o t t o

s c a l e

Its distance, s cm, from the ceiling, is modelled by the function s = 48 + 10cos2πt where t is the

time in seconds from release.

(a) (i) What is the distance of the point P from the ceiling?

(5)

37

ds

(b) (i) Find dt .

(7)

A second mass is suspended on another spring. Its distance r cm from the ceiling is modelled by

the function r = 60 + 15 cos4π t. The two masses are released at the same instant.

(c) Find the value of t when they are first at the same distance below the ceiling.

(2)

(d) In the first three seconds, how many times are the two masses at the same height?

(2)

(Total 16 marks)

2 x 2 – 13x + 20

54. Consider the function f given by f(x) = ( x – 1) 2 , x ≠ 1.

A part of the graph of f is given below.

0 x

(1)

(2)

38

9 x – 27

Show that f′ (x) = ( x – 1) ,

3

(c) x ≠ 1.

(3)

72 – 18 x

4

The second derivative is given by f′ ′ (x) = ( x – 1) , x ≠ 1.

(d) Using values of f′ (x) and f′ ′ (x) explain why a minimum must occur at x = 3.

(2)

(e) There is a point of inflexion on the graph of f. Write down the coordinates of this point.

(2)

(Total 10 marks)

x

y2 z

Write the expression log10 in terms of p, q and r.

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

39

1

56. (a) Consider the function f(x) = 2 + x − 1 . The diagram below is a sketch of part of the

graph of y = f(x).

y

5

– 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 10 1 2 3 4 5 x

– 1

– 2

– 3

– 4

– 5

(2)

(4)

Use your expression for f′ (x) to explain why.

(3)

The region enclosed by the graph of f(x), the x-axis and the lines x = 2 and x = 4, is labelled A, as

shown below.

y

5

1

A

– 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 10 1 2 3 4 5 x

– 1

– 2

– 3

– 4

– 5

40

(d) (i) Find ∫ f (x) dx.

(ii) Write down an expression that represents the area labelled A.

(7)

(Total 15 marks)

2 2

57. The diagram below shows part of the graph of f(x) = x sin(x + π ) and the shaded region A.

y

A

P Q

0 1 2 x

3

This graph crosses the x-axis at P and Q. The point P has coordinates ( π , 0).

(2)

(b)

3

Use the substitution u = x + π to find ∫ f (x) dx.

(4)

(c) Hence, using your answer to (b), find the area of the region A.

(3)

(Total 9 marks)

41

3 2

58. Let f(x) = 6 x . Find f′ (x).

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………........

(Total 6 marks)

59. The displacement s metres of a car, t seconds after leaving a fixed point A, is given by

2

s = 10t – 0.5t .

(c) Calculate the displacement of the car from A when the velocity is zero.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) …………………………………………..

(c) …………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

0.05t

60. The population p of bacteria at time t is given by p = 100e .

Calculate

42

(b) the rate of increase of the population when t = 10.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) …………………………………………..

(Total 6 marks)

1

+ 1 − x , x < 1.

–2x

61. The derivative of the function f is given by f′ (x) = e

The graph of y = f(x) passes through the point (0, 4). Find an expression for f(x).

Working:

Answer:

…………………………………………........

(Total 6 marks)

∫

0

f ( x ) dx = 8

.

(i)

∫ 0

2 f ( x ) dx

;

(ii) ∫ ( f ( x ) + 2 ) dx .

0

43

d

(b)

∫ c

f ( x − 2) d x = 8

, write down the value of c and of d.

Working:

Answers:

(ii) …………………………………...

(b) c = ......................., d = .......................

(Total 6 marks)

63. Part of the graph of the periodic function f is shown below. The domain of f is 0 ≤ x ≤ 15 and

the period is 3.

f( x )

4

0 x

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0

(a) Find

(i) f(2);

(ii) f′ (6.5);

(iii) f′ (14).

44

(b) How many solutions are there to the equation f(x) = 1 over the given domain?

Working:

Answers:

(ii) ………………………………………

(iii) ………………………………………

(b) ………………………………………

(Total 6 marks)

2

64. The function f(x) is defined as f(x) = –(x – h) + k. The diagram below shows part of the graph of

f(x). The maximum point on the curve is P(3, 2).

y

4

P ( 3 , 2 )

2

x

– 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

– 2

– 4

– 6

– 8

– 1 0

– 1 2

(i) h;

(ii) k.

(2)

2

(b) Show that f(x) can be written as f(x) = –x + 6x – 7.

(1)

(2)

45

The point Q lies on the curve and has coordinates (4, 1). A straight line L, through Q, is

perpendicular to the tangent at Q.

(iii) The line L intersects the curve again at R. Find the x-coordinate of R.

(8)

(Total 13 marks)

(ii) Find the values for x for which f′ (x) = 0, giving your answers in terms of π .

(6)

π

The function g(x) is defined as g(x) = f(2x) – 1, 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 .

(b) (i) The graph of f may be transformed to the graph of g by a stretch 1in

the x-direction with scale factor followed by another transformation. Describe fully

this other transformation.

(4)

(Total 10 marks)

66. Let h(x) = (x – 2)sin(x – 1) for –5 ≤ x ≤ 5. The curve of h(x) is shown below. There is a

minimum point at R and a maximum point at S. The curve intersects the x-axis at the points

(a, 0) (1, 0) (2, 0) and (b, 0).

y

4

1

S

(a , 0 ) (b , 0 )

– 5 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 1 2 3 4 5 x

R

– 1

– 2

– 3

– 4

– 5

– 6

– 7

46

(a) Find the exact value of

(i) a;

(ii) b.

(2)

The regions between the curve and the x-axis are shaded for a ≤ x ≤ 2 as shown.

(b) (i) Write down an expression which represents the total area of the

shaded regions.

(5)

(ii) Hence or otherwise, find the range of values of k for which the equation

(x – 2)sin(x – 1) = k has four distinct solutions.

(4)

(Total 11 marks)

1

2

67. Let f(x) = 1 + x .

(a) Write down the equation of the horizontal asymptote of the graph of f.

(1)

(3)

6x 2 − 2

2 3

(c) The second derivative is given by f″ (x) = (1 + x ) .

Let A be the point on the curve of f where the gradient of the tangent is a maximum. Find

the x-coordinate of A.

(4)

47

1 1

(d) Let R be the region under the graph of f, between x = – 2 and x = 2 ,

y

2

– 1 1 1 1 x

– 2 2

– 1

(2)

(Total 10 marks)

68. Let y = g(x) be a function of x for 1 ≤ x ≤ 7. The graph of g has an inflexion point at P, and a

minimum point at M.

g ’( x) g ’’( )x

6 6

5 5

4 4

3 3

2 2

1 1

0 0

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 x 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 x

– 1 – 1

– 2 – 2

– 3 – 3

– 4 – 4

– 5 – 5

– 6 – 6

y = ’ g ( x) y = ’ ’ g ( x)

(2)

48

(b) Write down the x-coordinate of M, and justify your answer.

(2)

(c) Given that g (4) = 0, sketch the graph of g. On the sketch, mark the points P and M.

(4)

(Total 8 marks)

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

49

–1

70. The velocity v m s of a moving body at time t seconds is given by v = 50 – 10t.

–2

(a) Find its acceleration in m s .

.....................................................................................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

2

71. The function f is defined by f : x – 0.5 x + 2 x + 2.5.

(i) f′ (x);

(ii) f′ (0).

(2)

(b) Let N be the normal to the curve at the point where the graph intercepts the y-axis. Show

that the equation of N may be written as y = –0.5x + 2.5.

(3)

(ii) Hence find the coordinates of the other point of intersection of the normal and the

curve.

(6)

50

(d) Let R be the region enclosed between the curve and N.

(5)

(Total 16 marks)

2x

72. The diagram below shows the graphs of f(x) = 1 + e , g(x) = 10x + 2, 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.5.

y

f

1 6 g

1 2

p

8

x

0 . 5 1 1 . 5

(a) (i) Write down an expression for the vertical distance p between the

graphs of f and g.

(ii) Given that p has a maximum value for 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.5, find the value of x at which this

occurs.

(6)

y

1 6

1 2

8

5

4

x

0 . a5 1 1 . 5

–1

(b) (i) Find f (x).

(5)

51

(c) The region shaded in the diagram is rotated through 360° about the x-axis. Write down an

expression for the volume obtained.

(3)

(Total 14 marks)

x–2

h: x , x ≠ 1.

73. Consider the function ( x – 1) 2

A

y

N o t t o s c a l e

(1)

a–x

( x – 1) n

(4)

2x – 8

h ′′ ( x) =

(c) Given that ( x – 1) 4 , calculate the coordinates of P.

(3)

(Total 8 marks)

52

5

74. Let f(x) = (3x + 4) . Find

(a) f′ (x);

(b) ∫ f(x)dx.

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

75. The curve y = f(x) passes through the point (2, 6).

dy

2

Given that dx = 3x – 5, find y in terms of x.

Working:

Answer:

....……………………………………..........

(Total 6 marks)

53

76. The table below shows some values of two functions, f and g, and of their derivatives f′ and g′ .

x 1 2 3 4

f(x) 5 4 –1 3

g(x) 1 –2 2 –5

f′ (x) 5 6 0 7

g′ (x) –6 –4 –3 4

d

(a) dx (f(x) + g(x)), when x = 4;

(b)

∫ ( g' ( x) + 6) dx .

1

Working:

Answers:

(a) …………………………………………..

(b) ..................................................................

(Total 6 marks)

54

77. The equation of a curve may be written in the form y = a(x – p)(x – q). The curve intersects the

x-axis at A(–2, 0) and B(4, 0). The curve of y = f(x) is shown in the diagram below.

y

4

A B

– 4 – 2 0 2 4 6 x

– 2

– 4

– 6

(ii) Given that the point (6, 8) is on the curve, find the value of a.

2

(iii) Write the equation of the curve in the form y = ax + bx + c.

(5)

dy

(b) (i) Find dx .

(ii) A tangent is drawn to the curve at a point P. The gradient of this tangent is 7.

Find the coordinates of P.

(4)

(c) The line L passes through B(4, 0), and is perpendicular to the tangent to the curve at

point B.

(ii) Find the x-coordinate of the point where L intersects the curve again.

(6)

(Total 15 marks)

3x 2

78. Let f(x) = 5 x − 1 .

(1)

ax 2 + bx

(b) Find f(x). Give your answer in the form (5 x − 1) where a and b ∈ .

(4)

(Total 5 marks)

55

79. The function g(x) is defined for –3 ≤ x ≤ 3. The behaviour of g′ (x) and g″ (x) is given in the

tables below.

g′ (x) negative 0 positive 0 negative

x 1 1 1

–3 < x < – 2 –2 –2<x<3

g″ (x) positive 0 negative

Use the information above to answer the following. In each case, justify your answer.

(2)

(2)

(c) Write down the value of x for which the graph of g has a point of inflexion.

(2)

(d) Given that g(–3) = 1, sketch the graph of g. On the sketch, clearly indicate the position

of the maximum point, the minimum point, and the point of inflexion.

(3)

(Total 9 marks)

56

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