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# Thermodynamic Relations

∂S ∂U ∂H ∂A ∂G

 ∂T 
p
Cp
T
C p− p  ∂V
∂T p
Cp −S − p  
∂V
∂T p
−S

 ∂T 
v
CV
T
CV  
C V V
∂p
∂T V
−S −S V  ∂p
∂T V

 ∂p 
T
− ∂V
∂T p
−T    
∂V
∂T p
−p
∂V
∂p T
−T  ∂V
∂T p
V −p  
∂V
∂p T
V

 ∂p 
V
 
CV ∂T
T ∂p V
 
CV
∂T
∂p V
CV  ∂T
∂p V
V −S  
∂T
∂p V
−S  
∂T
∂p V
V

 ∂V 
T
  ∂p
∂T V
T  ∂p
∂T V
−p T    
∂p
∂T V
V
∂p
∂V T
−p V  
∂p
∂V T

 ∂V  p
 
C p ∂T
T ∂V p
Cp ∂T
∂V p
−p Cp  ∂T
∂V p
−S  
∂T
∂V p
−p −S  
∂T
∂V p

## How to use this table.

The top row gives the variable in the top of the partial derivative. For example, to find   ∂H
∂p V
, go to the column with ∂ H in the top

## and down to the row with  

∂p V
. You quickly see that    
∂H
∂p V
=C V
∂T
∂p V
V . Notice that some relations are much simpler than

others, which is why we use certain thermodynamic potentials for certain independent variables.
Additional Relations

=
1 ∂V
V ∂T  p
=  
−1 ∂V
V ∂p T
C p −C V =
 2T V
  ∂ G /T 
∂T 
p
−H
= 2
T