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المقاربة بالكفايات

المقاربة بالكفايات

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مفهوم الكفاية ،المفاهيم المرتبطة بالكفايات ، تنمية وتطوير الكفايات ، إدماج المكتسبات
مفهوم الكفاية ،المفاهيم المرتبطة بالكفايات ، تنمية وتطوير الكفايات ، إدماج المكتسبات

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10/18/2014

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ﺔﻴﺒﺭﻐﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻜﻠﻤﻤﻝﺍ

ﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺯﻭ ﻡ ﻲﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﺙﺤﺒﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﻭﻜﺘﻭ
ﺔﻴﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻉﺎﻁﻗ
ﺔﻴﺭﻴﺩﻤ ﺭﻁﻷﺍ ﻥﻴﻭﻜﺘ
ﻥﻴﻭﻜﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺠﻴﺘﺍﺭﺘﺴﺍ ﻡﺴﻗ








ﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝ
- ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇ –


ﻙﺭﺎﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﻤ













_jا_;8 2006

1








ﺍ ﺎﻘﻤﻝ ﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭ ﻔﻜﻝ ﺎ ﺕﺎﻴ
- ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇ -



ﻙﺭﺎﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﻤ






داícإ :
- 8 يوا_oآ ¤obl
- ة_,no.; ío>o
- يí>.; qol¿.ìا
- ة_æ>.; _oc


2

ﺕﺎﻴﻭﺘﺤﻤﻝﺍ

ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ ................................ ....................... ........................... 3
1 ﻭﻬﻔﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡ ......... .................... ................. .............. .............. 3
1.1 ﻥﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﺎﻴﺠﻭﻏﺍﺩﻴﺒ ................ ... ............ 3
1.2 ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻑﻴﺭﻌﺘ ................................................. .. .......... 4
1.3 ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﻴﻤﻤ .................. ................................. .. ......... 5
1.4 ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ ........................................................ .. ...... 6
2 ﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻫﺎ ....................................... ..................... . 7
2.1 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ........ .............................. .................... . 7
2.1.1 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ....................................... 7
2.1.2 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﻴﻤﻤ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ...................................... 7
2.1.3 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ........................... ............ S
2.1.4 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻑﺌﺎﻅﻭ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ....................................... S
2.1.5 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ .......................................... 9
2.2 ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ...................................................................... 9
2.2.1 ﻬﻔﻤ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﻡﻭ .................................................... 9
2.2.2 ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﻴﻤﻤ ..................... ............................. 10
3 ﻴﻤﻨﺘ ﺔ ﻁﺘﻭ ﺭﻴﻭ ﻜﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔ .................................................................. 11
3.1 ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤ ... .............................................................. 11
3.2 ﺹﻴﺼﺨﺘﻝﺍ لﻭﺩﺠ ............................................................ 12
3.3 ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ................................................................. 12
4 ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ .. ................................................................... 14
4.1 ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ............................................................... 14
4.2 ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ ‘ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺯﺎﺠﻨ .......................................................... 14
4.3 ﻝ ﺔﻗﺎﻁﺒ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺭﻴﺒﺩﺘ .......................................................... 15
5 ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ ......................................................................... 16
5.1 ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ . .............................................................. 16
5.2 ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﺌﺎﻅﻭ ............................................................... 16
5.3 ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ............................................................... 1S
ﺎﻴﻓﺍﺭﻏﻭﻴﻠﺒﻴﺒ ..................................................................... ........... 19


3

µjía:

لﺨﺩﻤﻜ ،ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻓﺭﻋ ﺩﻘﻝ ﻝ ﺭﺒﻋ ﻪﺘﺃﺭﺠﺃ ﺙﻴﺤ ﻥﻤ ﻭﺃ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﺙﻴﺤ ﻥﻤ ﺍﺭﻭﻁﺘ ،ﺞﻤﺍﺭﺒﻝﺍﻭ ﺞﻫﺎﻨﻤﻠ
ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤﻝﺍ . ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘ ﻡﺘ ،ﺭﻭﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ لﺤﺍﺭﻤ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤ لﻜ لﻼﺨﻭ
ﻴﺭﻅﻨ ﺱﺴﺃ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻋﺎﺴﺘ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻅﻭ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ ﺎﻬﺘﻏﺎﻴﺼ ﺝﺫﺎﻤﻨﻝﺍ ﺯﻭﺎﺠﺘ ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺔﻬﺠ ﻥﻤﻭ ،ﺔﻬﺠ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻝ ﺔ
ﺎﻫﺩﻭﺩﺤ ﺕﺯﺭﺒ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺠﻭﻏﺍﺩﻴﺒﻝﺍ .

ﺽﻌﺒﺒ ﺓﺩﻤﺘﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﻲﻝﻭﺩﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻴﻭﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍ لﻭﺤ ﺭﺌﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺵﺎﻘﻨﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤﻭ
ﺱﺎﺴﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻨﺒﻨﺘ ﺓﺩﻤﺘﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺞﻫﺎﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﺄﺒ لﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ،ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺝﺯﻤﻴ ﺝﺫﻭﻤﻨ
ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻨﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻀﺭﻌﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ .

ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺏﻨﺍﻭﺠﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘﺒ ﺔﻘﻴﺜﻭﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﺘﻬﺘﻭ . ﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻑﺩﻬﺘﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﻝ
ﻥﻤ ،ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻬﺘﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻭ ﻡﻋﺩ ﻕﻓﺃ لﻴﺒﻗ :
- ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺎﻴﺠﻭﻏﺍﺩﻴﺒ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻁﻴﻁﺨﺘ .
- ﻋﺇ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺩﺍﺩ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ .
- ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹ ﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ .
- ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻺﻝ ﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ .
- ﺝﻼﻌﻠﻝ ﺔﻏﻭﺼﻤ ﺭﻴﺒﺩﺘ .
- ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ .

ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻭﺎﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﺜﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﺘ ،ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻲﻓﻭ :
- ﺎﻬﺘﻏﺎﻴﺼ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﻭ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ .
- ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻫﺎﻔﻤﻝﺍ :
ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ – ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ) ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ - ﺔﻝﺄﺴﻤﻝﺍ ( ﻘﺘﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻏﺎﻴﺼ ﺔﻴﻨ .
ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺎﻤﻬﺘﻗﻼﻋﻭ ،ﻲﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ .
- ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻝ ﺎﻬﻤﻴﻅﻨﺘﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ .
- ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ .
- ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ .



1 مg¿ao ¤jlaSìا ¤,;_.ìا لl>o q8

ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﻴﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺭﺎﺠﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻱﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﺙﺤﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ لﻜ ﻪﻴﻓ ﻡﻫﺎﺴ ﺎﻤﻬﻤ ﺍﺭﻭﻁﺘ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻬﻔﻤ ﻑﺭﻋ ﺔﻤﻅﻨﻷﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ
ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ . ) ﺝ ﺔﻴﻌﺠﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺌﺎﺜﻭﻝﺍ ﺭﻅﻨﺍ I ﺓﺀﻭﺯﺠﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ . ( ﺹ ....

ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﺒﺘﺭﺍ ﺯﺭﺒﻴ ﺓﺩﺭﺍﻭﻝﺍ ﺹﻭﺼﻨﻝﺍ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻥﻤ :

4

• ﺒ ﺎﻜﻤﺈ ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻨ : ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻤ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺘﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﺩﻨﻋ ﺱﻴﻝﻭ ،ﻡﺌﺍﺩ لﻜﺸﺒ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﺭﻔﻝﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﺘ ﻲﻨﻌﺘﻭ
ﻁﻘﻓ . ﻓ ﺎﻤﺌﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻔﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﺯﻼﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ لﻌﺠﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ ﺩﺨ ﻲ ﻤ ﻪﺘ .
• ﺒ ﻜﻝﺎ ﻴ ﺔﻨﻁﺒﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻔ : ﻗ ﻊﻤ ،ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻥﺍﺯﻴﻤﻴ ﻥﺍﺫﻠﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺯﻼﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﻊﺒﺎﻁ ﻲﻨﻌﺘﻭ ﺎ ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘﻠﻝ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻠﺒ
ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻴﺴ ﺭﺒﻋ ﺎﻬﺘﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻋﺩﻝﺍﻭ .
• ﺒ لﺤ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺌﻓ ﻝﺍ ﻀﻭ ﻌ ﻴ ﺕﺎ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ : ﺘﻴﻭ ﻕﻠﻌ ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨﻝﺍ ﺱﻔﻨﺒ ﺯﻴﻤﺘﺘ ،ﺔﺌﻓﺎﻜﺘﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﺒ ﺭﻤﻷﺍ
) ﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻗﺩ ،ﻡﺎﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﻭﻌﺼ ،ﺕﺎﻴﻁﻌﻤﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻤﺩﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤ .(...
• ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻀﺒ : ﺽﻌﺒﻝ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ ﺱﻴﻝ ﻭ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ لﺤﻝ ﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﻁﺒﺭ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘ ﻭ .
• ﻼﺘﻤﺍ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﻙ ﻋ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤ ﺍﺫﻜﻭ ﺔﻴﺠﻬﻨﻤﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻠ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﻯﻭﺘﺤﻤﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ .
• ﻨﺒﺘ ﻪﻁﻴﺤﻤ ﻭ ﻪﺘﺍﺫ ﻩﺎﺠﺘ ﺔﺤﻴﺤﺼ ﺕﺎﻜﻭﻠﺴ ﻉﺎﺒﺘﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﺘ ،ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺠﺘﺍﻭ ﻑﻗﺍﻭﻤﻝ ﻪﻴ
• ﻨﺭﻤﺘ ﺎﻤﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪ ﻌﻀﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺭ ﺕﺎﻴ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺔﺌﻓﺎﻜﺘﻤ .
• ﻌﺘﺴﺍ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺏﺎﺴﺘﻜﺎﺒ ﺎﻬﻝ ﻩﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤﻝ ﻡﺌﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﻩﺩﺍﺩ .

ﺎﻤﻜ ﻥﺃ ﻫ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻑﻴﺭﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻴﺼﺎﺨ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ لﻬﺴﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ ،ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺼ ﻴ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻤﻨﺘﻝ ﺔﻴﺠﻴﺘﺍﺭﺘﺴﺍ ﻊﻀﻭﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﻏﺎ .

1.2 تl,æl> ¤jlaSìا {Caractéristiques)

ﻤﺘﺘ ﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺯﻴ ﺎﻬﻤﻫﺃ ،ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨﺒ ﺔﻴﺎ : ﺔﺌﻔﺒ ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻅﻭﻝﺍ ،ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻁﺎﺒﺘﺭﻻﺍ ،ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝ
ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﺎﻘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﻲﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﻯﻭﺘﺤﻤﺒ .

1 . ﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﺭﺍﻭﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﺔ ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻨﻤ ﺩ (Mobilisation de ressources intégrées ) : ﻥﻤ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﺫﺇ
،ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻗﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺒﺨﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤﻭ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤ ﻙﻼﺘﻤﺍ ﻲﻨﻌﻴ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ... ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻥﻤﻀ ﺎﻬﻨﻴﺒ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ لﻋﺎﻔﺘﺘ
ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻤ . ﺎﻴﺭﻭﺭﻀ ﺎﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ لﻜ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﻓﻭﺘ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﻻﻭ .

2 . ﻅﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴ (fonctionnalité) : ﻥﺇ ﻨﻌﻤ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻰﻘﺒﻴ ﻑﻗﺍﻭﻤﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤﻭ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﻙﻼﺘﻤﺍ ﻰ ﺇ ﻡﻝ ﺍﺫ
ﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻀﺭﺘﻌﺘ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ لﺤ ﻲﻓ ﻭﺃ ،ﺯﻔﺤﻤ ﺝﺎﺘﻨﺇ ﻭﺃ ﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﻲﻓ ﺭﻤﺜﺘﺴﺘ ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﻴﺤ ﻲﻓ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘ .
،ﺔﻤﺎﺘ ﺔﻴﻝﻼﻘﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺕﺎﺠﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺔﻴﻠﻌﻔﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﺠﺎﺤﺒ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻁﺒﺭ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﺘ ﺍﺫﻜﻫﻭ
ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺓﺭﻴﺘﻭ ﻕﻓﻭﻭ .

3 . ﻼﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺌﻔﺒ ﺔﻗ ﻝﺍ ﻌﻀﻭ ﺕﺎﻴ (Relation à une famille de situations ) : ﻥﺇ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﻜﻝﺍ ﻔ ﺎ ﻴ ﺔ
ﻻﺇ ﻡﺘﻴ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻻ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ لﺤ ﺔﺌﻓﺎﻜﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺌﻓ . ﺎﻤ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﻓ ) ﺩﺍﻭﻤ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺩﺎﻤ
ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻤ ( ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺎﺒ ﺔﻋﻭﻨﺘﻤ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻤ لﺤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﻲﻨﻌﺘ ) ﺱﺤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ - ﺔﻴﻜﺭﺤ
ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﺠﻭﻝﺍﻭ ( ﻨﺭﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺎ ﺞﻤ . ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﺢﺒﺼﺘﻭ ﺨﺍ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﺌﻼﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻴﺘ
ﺴﺍﻭ ﺎﻬﺒﻴﺘﺭﺘﻭ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻠﻝ ﺓﺩﺩﻌﺘﻤ لﻭﻠﺤ ﻭﺃ لﺤ ﺡﺍﺭﺘﻗﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘ .

4 . ﺭﻻﺍ ﻲﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﻯﻭﺘﺤﻤﺒ ﻁﺎﺒﺘ (Relation à un contenu scolaire) : ﺘﻴﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻰﻠﺠ ﻥﻭﻜ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ
ﻥﻴﻌﻤ ﻲﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﻯﻭﺘﺤﻤ ﺭﺒﻋ ﺔﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺍ ﺎﻬﻠﺤ ﺏﻠﻁﺘﻴ ،ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺌﻔﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ . ﻥﺃ ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ
ﻭﺘﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﺝﺭﺩﻨﻴ ﻯ ﻀ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺩﺤﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﺓﺩﺎﻤ ﻥﻤﻀ ﺓﺩﻋ ﻥﻤ ﻤ ﻭ ﺩﺍ .

5


5 . ﺎﻘﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺒ ( Evaluabilité ) : ﻤﺘﺘ ﺓﺩﻭﺠ ﺱﺎﻴﻗ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻜﻤﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﺎﻗ لﺜ ﺎﺠﻨﺇ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺯ
) ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ لﺤ - ،ﻉﻭﺭﺸﻤ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ ،ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ .(... ﺒﺎﺴ ﺩﺩﺤﺘ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ ﻡﺘﻴﻭ ﻘ ﺎ . ﻕﻠﻌﺘﺘ ﺩﻗﻭ
ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨﺒ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ) ﻭﺠ ﺓﺩ ﺒﺎﺠﻹﺍ ﺔﻗﺩ ،ﺝﻭﺘﻨﻤﻝﺍ ،ﺔ (... ، ﺎﻫﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻴﺴﺒ ﻭﺃ ) ،ﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹﺍ ﺓﺩﻤ
،لﺤﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﻼﻘﺘﺴﺍ ﺔﺠﺭﺩ (... ﺎﻌﻤ ﺎﻤﻬﺒ ﻭﺃ ، .



2.1 ¤jlaآ ¤cl,æ

ﻥﺃ ﻩﺭﻜﺫ ﻕﺒﺴ ﺎﻤﻤ ﺭﻬﻅﻴ ﻭ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ ﻡﺘﺘ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻠﻝ ﻲﺠﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻊﺒﺎﻁﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺤﻠﻁﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻗﺩ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺎﺒ . ﺔﻗﺩ ﻡﻫﺎﺴﺘﻭ
ﻥﺩﻝ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻬﻓ ﺩﻴﺤﻭﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺤﻠﻁﺼﻤﻝﺍ ﺹﺎﺨﺸﺃ ﺓﺩﻋ . ﻥﻋ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﻴﻤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺠﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻊﺒﺎﻁﻝﺍ لﻤﻌﻴ ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺒ
ﻼﺜﻤ ﺓﺭﺎﻬﻤﻝﺎﻜ ﻲﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﻑﺩﻫ . ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺤﺍﺭﺘﻗﻻﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﻥﻴﻌﺒ ﺫﺨﻷﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ،ﻙﻝﺫ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘﻝﻭ :

- ﻭﻫ ﺎﻤ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﺏﻭﻠﻁﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ :
• ﺔﺒﻘﺘﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻨ : ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ لﺤ - ﻠﻋ ﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻋ ﺔﻤﻬﻤ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ ،ﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺝﺎﺘﻨﺇ ،ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ ،ﺔﺌﻴﺒﻝﺍ ﻰ ...
• ﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹﺍ ﻑﻭﺭﻅ : ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﻼﻤﺎﻌﻤ ) ،ﺔﻴﺠﺭﺎﺨ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ ،ﺕﺎﻴﻁﻌﻤ ،ﻕﺎﻴﺴ (... ،ﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻴﺴ ،
،ﻊﺠﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ،ﺕﺎﻫﺍﺭﻜﻹﺍ ...
- ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼﻝﺍ :
• ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻤ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ ﺽﻌﺒﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻤ ﺕﺴﻴﻝﻭ ، .
• ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻝﺎﺤﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺌﻓ ﺕﻼﻤﺎﻌﻤ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺩﺩﺤﻤ .
• ﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺩﻴﺴﺠﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺔ ﺔﻝﻻﺩ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ ) ﻼﺜﻤ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﺍ ﺩﻌﺒ ( ﻰﻨﻌﻤ ﺕﺍﺫ ﺭﻴﺼﺘﻝ ، .
• ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻜﻤﺇ ﻥﺎﻤﻀ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻠﻝ .
• لﻭﺤ ﺯﻜﺭﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﻘﻌﻤ ﺔﻤﻬﻤ .
• ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﺎﻘﻝﺍ .
• ﻲﻤﺴﺭﻝﺍ ﺞﻤﺎﻨﺭﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻤﺀﻼﻤﻝﺍ .

@,;b: 1 :
* ةدlo _.>ا ) ةدlo _o ء_> وأ { _,no ىg.ao; l¿aرí: . تljlaSìا ح_.8ا ) 2 وأ 3
_lc _.آVا { q8 ةدراgìا ¤,alaVا تloln.ìا عgo>o qbn: نأ _Soj q.ìا
ةدloìا ¿ol:_; .
* رlb$ا ¤a,:gìا q8 ةدراgìا تljlaSìاو تl>ا_.8Vا oíه _,; b;او_ìا _,;
¤jg;_.ìا تارl,.>Vاو تl¿>g.lì ) _,;Vا بl.Sìا .{ ) ج ¤,n>_oìا @:l:gìا _b:ا I
ص {

6



2 gìا ¤,næ - ¤lSaoìا Situation problème

ﺒﺘﻌﺘ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺭ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺎﻴﺯﻜﺭﻤ ﺍﺭﺼﻨﻋ ،ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ، . ﻪﻴﻓ ﺯﺠﻨﺘ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ ﻡﺌﻼﻤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤﻝﺍ لﺜﻤﺘﻭ
ﺎﻬﺴﻔﻨ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﻭﺃ ،ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ .

1.2 ¤,nægìا مg¿ao - ¤lSaoìا

ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﻜﺘﺘ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺱﺭﻴﻏﻭﺭ ﺏﺴﺤ ﻥﻤ :
- ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ (situation) : ﺕﺍﺫﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ لﻴﺤﺘ (Sujet) ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﺘﻗﻼﻋ ﻕﺎﻴﺴﺒ
ﻥﻴﻌﻤ (contexte) ﺙﺩﺤﺒ ﻭﺃ ، (évènement) لﺎﺜﻤ ، : ﺓﺭﺎﻴﺯ ،ﺔﻫﺯﻨ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺝﻭﺭﺨ
،ﺱﺭﺩﻤﻠﻝ ﻲﻤﻝﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻴﻝﺍ ،ﻡﻷﺍ ﺩﻴﻋ ،ﺕﺎﺠﻭﺘﻨﻤ ﺀﺎﻨﺘﻗﺍ ،ﺽﻴﺭﻤ ...
- ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ (problème) : ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘﻭ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺍ ﺇ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤ ،ﺯﺠﺎﺤ ﻲﻁﺨﺘ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻤﻬﻤ ﺯﺎﺠﻨ
ﻲﻬﻴﺩﺒ ﺭﻴﻏ ﺭﺎﺴﻤ ﺭﺒﻋ ﺔﻴﺘﺍﺫ ﺔﺠﺎﺤﻝ ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺘﻝ ) . لﺎﺜﻤ : لﻜﺎﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻭﻠﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺤﺭﺘﻘﻤﻝﺍ .(

ﺙﺩﺤﺘﻭ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ - ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻫﺎﺴﺘﻭ ،ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻤﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺒﻠﻝ ﺔﻠﺨﻠﺨ ،ﻲﺴﺍﺭﺩﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﻹﺍ ﻲﻓ ،ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ .
ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻁﻁﺨﻤ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴ ﻥﻤﻀ ﻊﻀﻭﻤﺘﺘﻭ .

2.2 o o _, تا ¤,nægìا - ¤lSaoìا

ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﻴﻤﻤ ﻡﻫﺃ لﺜﻤﺘﺘ - ﺎﻬﻨﻭﻜ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ :

• ﻜﻤﺘ ﻥﻤ ﻥ ﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﺽﻌﺒﻝ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﻤ ﺕﺴﻴﻝﻭ ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻨﻤ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ ﺔ .
• ﺘ ﺠﻭ ﻪ ﺘﻝﺍ ﺫﻴﻤﻠ ﺠﻨﺇ ﻭﺤﻨ ﺯﺎ ﻤﻬﻤ ﺔ ﻪﻁﻴﺤﻤ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺎﻘﺘﺴﻤ ، ﻭ ﻙﻝﺫﺒ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﺘ ﺕﺍﺫ ﻌﺒ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘ ﺔﻝﻻﺩ ﺩ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍ ﺎﻫ
ﻲﻓﺎﻘﺜﻝﺍﻭ ... ﺎﻤﻜ ﺎﻬﻨﺃ لﻤﺤﺘ ﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻠﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﻰﻨﻌﻤ ﻲﻤﻠﻌ ﻝ ﻠ ﺎﺒ ﻭﺃ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘ ﺒﺴﻨﻝ ﺔﻴﻨﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻴﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﻴﺤﻝ ﺔ .
• ﻴﺤﺘ ل ﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻑﻨﺼ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻤ ﺌﺎﺴ ل ﺩﺍﻭﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤﺒ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ .
• ﺘﻌﺘ ﺒ ﺭ ﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺎﻤﺩﻨﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺓ ﺒ ﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ .

ﻭ لﻤﻌﺘ ﻝ ﻲﻘﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺭﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺯﻴﻴﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺍﺯﻴﻤﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻘ ﺔﻴﺭﻅﻨ ﻭﺃ ﺓﺩﻋﺎ ﻥﻤ ،ﺔﻬﺠ ﺒﻭ ﻤﻝﺍ لﺤ ﻥﻴ لﺜﻤﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﻼﻜﺸ
ﻲﻓ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﺍ ﻝ ﻬﺠ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺨﺃ ﺔ ﻯﺭ .

3.2 o S :g ¤,nægìا تl - ¤lSaoìا

ﺘﺘ ﻥﻭﻜ ﻝﺍ ﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺔ - ﻥﻤ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺎﻤﻫ ،ﻥﻴﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﻥﻴﺭﺼﻨﻋ :

1 . لﻤﺎﺤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺩﻨﺴﻝﺍ : ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻠﻝ ﻡﺩﻘﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻌﻝﺍ لﻜ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﻴﻭ :

7

i . ﻕﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ : ﻥﻋ ﺭﺒﻌﻴﻭ ﺠﻤﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻪﻴﻓ ﺱﺭﺎﻤﺘ ﻱﺫﻝﺍ لﺎ ﻥﺄﻜ ﺎﻴﻓﺎﻘﺜﻭﻴﺴﻭﺴ ﻭﺃ ﺎﻴﻠﺌﺎﻋ ﺎﻗﺎﻴﺴ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ
ﺎﻴﻨﻬﻤﻭﻴﺴﻭﺴ ﻭﺃ ... ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﻊﻀﻭ ﺩﻨﻋ ﻕﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻡﺘﻴﻭ ) ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻴﺘﺨﻻﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻬﺠﻭﺘﻝﺍ
ﺔﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ .(
ii . ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ : ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺎﻫﺭﻤﺜﺘﺴﻴﺴ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺜﺃ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ . ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒ لﻐﺘﺴﻴ ﻻ ﺩﻗﻭ لﺤﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻓ ﻰﻤﺴﺘ
ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻤﻫﺃ لﺜﻤﺘﺘ ،ﺔﺸﻭﺸﻤ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤ ﻓ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘ ﻲ ﻋ ﻠ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺨﻻﺍ ﻰ .
iii . ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭﻝﺍ : ﺘﺘﻭ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺯﻔﺤﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ ،ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ لﺤ ﻥﻤ ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤ .
2 . ﻤﻝﺍ ﻤﻬ ﺔ : ﻩﺯﺎـﺠﻨﺇ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺏﻭﻠﻁﻤ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻤ ﺩﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘﻭ . . ﻥﺃ ﻥﺴـﺤﺘﺴﻴﻭ
ﻥﻤﻀﺘﺘ ﺭـﻝﺍ ﻥـﻋ ﺭﻴﺒﻌﺘﻝﺎـﻜ ،ﺔﻴﺼﺨﺸﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﺠﺎﺤ ﻉﺎﺒﺸﺇ ﺔﺼﺭﻓ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻠﻝ ﺢﻴﺘﺘ ،ﺔﺤﻭﺘﻔﻤ ﺔﻠﺌﺴﺃ ،ﺓﺭﺩﺎـﺒﻤﻝﺍ ﺫﺎـﺨﺘﺍﻭ ،ﻱﺃ
ﺦﻝﺍ ،ﻲﻨﻁﻭﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻠﺤﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﻱﺭﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﺄﺸﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺕﺎﺒﺠﺍﻭﻝﺍﻭ ﻕﻭﻘﺤﻝﺎﺒ ﻲﻋﻭﻝﺍﻭ .

ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺫﺨﺄﺘ ،ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻝ ﺍﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺍﻭ - ﺎﻬﻨﺇ ﺙﻴﺤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻝﻻﺩ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ :

• ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﺔﺼﺭﻓ ﻪﻝ ﺢﻴﺘﺘ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ ﻪﻤﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ ﺯﻜﺍﺭﻤ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ،ﻪﺘﺎﻴﺤ ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ .
• لﻜﺸﺘ ﺎﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻲﺘﺍﺫﻝﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺯﻔﺤﻤﻭ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ .
• ﻥﻤ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﺔﺼﺭﻓ ﻪﻝ ﺢﻴﺘﺘ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ ، ﻥﻴﺒ ﺎﻬﻠﻘﻨﺒ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻴﺴ .
• ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻕﺎﻓﺁ ﻪﻝ ﺢﺘﻔﺘ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ .
• لﻘﺼﻭ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ ﻥﻋ لﺅﺎﺴﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻪﺜﺤﺘ ﻝﺍ ﻓﺭﻌﻤ ﺔ ﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺕﺍﺭﻭﺭﻴﺴﻭ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃﻭ ﺉﺩﺎﺒﻤ ﻥﻋﻭ ، ﻪ .
• ﻥﻴﺒﻭ ،ﻲﻘﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻱﺭﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻁﺒﺭﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﺘ ﺔﻴﺴﺍﺭﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺕﺎﻤﻫﺎﺴﻤ .
• ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ لﺤ ﻪﺒﻠﻁﺘﻴ ﺎﻤﻭ ،ﻪﺒﺴﺘﻜﺍ ﺎﻤ ﻥﻴﺒ ﻕﺭﻔﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ،ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﺘﺎﺠﺎﺤ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ ﻥﻤ ﻪﻨﻜﻤﺘ -
ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ .

4.2 ¤,nægìا m:lbو - ¤lSaoìا

ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻠﻝ - ﺔﻝﺄﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺌﺎﻅﻭ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﻴ ﺎﻤ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ،ﺓﺩﻴﺩﻋ ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻤﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺒ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺌﺸﻨﺘﺒ ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻪﻝ ﺎﻤ ﺎﻬﻨﻤﻭ ، .
ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﻓ ﻝ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻠ ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻠﻝ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ، - ﻱﺩﺅﺘ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ :

- ﺔﻴﻜﻴﺘﻜﺩﻴﺩ ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭ : ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﺘ ﺎﻤﻨﺇﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒﻝﺍ ﺫﻨﻤ ﺎﻬﻠﺤ ﺽﺭﺘﻔﻴ ﻻ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻜﺸﺇ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘﻭ
ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﻔﺤﺘ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﻲﻓ لﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﻪﻁﺍﺭﺨﻨﻻ .
- ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ : ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﺒ ﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴﻭ ) ﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺒﺴ ( ﻕﺎﻴﺴ ﻲﻓ
ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺎﻴﺴ ﺝﺭﺎﺨ .
- ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻭﻘﺘ ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭ : ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺡﺭﺘﻘﺘ ﺎﻤﺩﻨﻋ ﺔﻔﻴﻅﻭﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻕﻘﺤﺘﺘﻭ - ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ،ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺔﻝﺄﺴﻤ
ﺓﺩﺩﺤﻤ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﻕﻓﻭﻭ ،ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻴﺴ ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ . ﺡﺎﺠﻨﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴﻭ
ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ لﺤ ﻲﻓ - ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻼﻴﻝﺩ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ
1
.


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1
ﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﻘﻔﻝﺍ ﺭﻅﻨﺃ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﺒ ﺔ .


8

ﻥﺃ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻠﻝ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ،ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﻑﺌﺎﻅﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘﻭ لﻴﻭﺤﺘﻭ ﺀﺎﻨﻴ ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺠﺘﻻﺍﻭ ﻡﻴﻘﻝﺍ ، ﻥﻴﺒ لﻋﺎﻔﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻋﺩﻭ
ﺩﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻭ ، ﻉﺍﺩﺒﻹﺍﻭ ﻕﻠﺨﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘ ﺔﺤﻭﺘﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻠﺌﺴﻷﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ .

5.2 ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ

،ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﺜﻤﻤﻝﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺏﺎﺴﺘﻜﺍ ﻡﺘﻴ ﺍﻭ ﻥﺭﻤﺘﻝ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺎﺒ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ - ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ ﺔﻝﺄﺴﻤ . ﺌﻓ ﺩﺩﺤﺘﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ،لﺌﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺔ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ ،ﺔﺌﻓﺎﻜﺘﻤﻝﺍ
ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺴﺍﻭﺒ ﻁﺌﺎﺴﻭ ) ﺕﺍﺭﺘﻤﺍﺭﺒ paramètres ( ﻕﺎﻴﺴﻝﺎﻜ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁﻭ ﺩﺩﻋﻭ ﻉﻭﻨ ﻕﻗﺩﺘ
ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ) ﻕﺌﺎﺜﻭ لﻜﺸ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺤﺭﺘﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ( ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺎﻫﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ ﻑﻭﺭﻅ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ
ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﺘﻨﺇ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻤﺘﻌﺘﺴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ . ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ ﺩﻨﻋ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒﻝ ﻭﺃ ﻁﺌﺎﺴﻭﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻬﻝ ﺓﺭﺎﺸﻹﺍ ﻡﺘﺘ ﺎﻤ ﺎﺒﻝﺎﻏﻭ
ﺎﺘﻹ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﻹ ﻥﻴﻴﻭﺒﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﻠﻝ ﺔﺼﺭﻔﻝﺍ ﺔﺤ - ﺎﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ لﺌﺎﺴﻤ .

@,;b: 2 :
@,;b.ìا q8 l¿.>_.8ا q.ìا تljlaSìا _,; _o ¤jlaآ _.>ا 1 ،
* ¤olnìا ¤jg;_.ìا تl¿>g.ìا _o l8Vb:ا ) _,;Vا بl.Sìا { µهأ ج_>.aا ،
تl,nægìا ¤.8 íjí>: _o _So: q.ìا تVolnoìا - _oìا ¤lSaoìا oí¿; ¤b;:
¤jlaSìا .
* gæ gì _,ìl.o ,næ l ت - ¤lSao j aln. نl ¤jlaSìا oí¿; .


3 دراgoìا : فاíهVا ¤,oln.ìا {Objectifs d'apprentissage)

ﺍ ﻝ ﺩﻬ ﻑ ﻲﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﻭﻫ ﺤ ﺘ ﻭ ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ،ﻥﻴﻌﻤ ﻯ . ﺎﻤ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗﻭ ﻼﺜﻤ ﺔﺒﺎﺘﻜﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻓ
ﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻥﺎﻨﻜﻤﻴ ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤﻜ ﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻭﺼﺤ ﺩﻬ ﻲﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﻑ : ﺍﺫﻜ ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ﺔﺒﺎﺘﻜ . ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍ ﻰﻗﺭﻤ ﺭﻴﺒﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻕﻓﺍﻭﻴﻭ
ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺎﺒ ﺱﻴﺭﺩﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻤﺘﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺹﺎﺨﻝﺍ . ﻥﻤ ﻰﻘﺒﻴﻭ ﺔﻤﻬﻤ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﻷﺍ ﺍ ﻪﻴﺠﻭﺘﻭ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻭ ﻁﺒﻀﻝ ،ﻪﺘﺃﺭﺠﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻝ
ﺒﺘﻋﺎﺒ ،ﻪﺘﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﻥﻤ لﻜ ﺎ ﺭ ﻩ ﺎﻁﺸﻨﻤ ﺎﻁﻴﺴﻭﻭ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃﻭ ، ﻡﻫﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺎﺒ ﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻴﻴﺴﺎﺴﺃ ﻥﻴﻠﻋﺎﻓ ﺔﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴ -
ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ .

ﻡﺘﻴﻭ ﻑﻗﺍﻭﻤﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤﻭ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﺼﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻑﻴﻨﺼﺘ ﺒﺘ ، ﺎﻌ ﻁﻝ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒ :

1 . ﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﺎ {savoirs) : ﺘﺘﻭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺭﺎﻤﻤ ﻲﻓ ،ﺎﻤ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻝﺎﺒ لﺜﻤ ﻤ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻠﻝ ﺎﻤ ﻉﻭﻀﻭ .

2 . ﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎ (savoir-faire) : ﺘﺘﻭ ﺱﺤ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤ – ﺭﺤ ﻀﻭﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻜ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻠﻝ ﻉﻭ . ﻭ ﻴ ﻡﺘ
ﺎﻫﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﺭﻤﺘﻝﺍ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﻠﺤﺍﺭﻤ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ﻊﻴﻀﺍﻭﻤ . ﻊﻴﻀﺍﻭﻤ ﻊﻴﻭﻨﺘ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ لﺜﻤﺘﺘﻭ
ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺓﺭﺎﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﻴﻴﻤﺘ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ .


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3 . ﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻗﺍ ﺕﺎﻫﺎﺠﺘﻻﺍﻭ / ﺩﺠﺍﻭﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﺴﺤ {savoir-être) : ﻤﻴﻭ ﺍ ﻥﻜ ﻝ ﺤ ﺼ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﺒ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ لﻭ
ﺎﺼﻨﻹﺎﻜ ،ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﺠﻭﻭﻴﺴﻭﺴ ﺀﺍﺭﻅﻨﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺤﺍﺭﺘﻗﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺕ ﺍﻭ ، ﻝﺍ ﺢﻔﺼﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻭﻌﺘﻝ ﻨﻤ ﺩﺠ
ﺔﻤﻠﻜ ﻰﻨﻌﻤ ﻥﻋ ﺙﺤﺒﻠﻝ .


ﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺼﺘﻘﻴ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼ لﺤﺍﺭﻤ ،ﺎﻬﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤ ﺭﻴﻴﻐﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜ ﺩﻴﻘﻌﺘﻭ ﺔﺒﻭﻠﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻤﻝﺍ
ﺎﻴﺠﻴﺭﺩﺘ . لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻙﻝﺫ ﻡﺘﻴﻭ ﻲﻓ ﺓﺩﺎﻴﺯﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻭﺃ ،ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﺩﻋ ﻉﻭﻨ ﻁﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﺎﻬﻤﻝﺍ لﺎﺠﻤ ﻭﺃ ،ﺕﺎﻴﻁﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ،ﺔﺒﻭﻠ
ﺦﻝﺍ ،ﺏﻘﺘﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﺘﻨﻹﺍ ﻡﺠﺤ ...

@,;b: 4 :
@,;b.ìا ¿:l.: _o l8Vb:ا 3 q8 ةدراgìا ¤,alaVا _,olæolì ارl;.cاو ، ) ء_> {
،¤,.noìا ¤jlaSìا ¤,o.: _o _So: q.ìا µln.ìا فاíهأ µهأ د_>ا ،ةدloìا ¿ol:_;
l¿:Vl>oو تارíaìا ¤n,;b @8و l¿a.æو .

ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ :

ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ (savoir) ﺔﻴﺌﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ (savoir-faire) ﺔﻨﻭﻨﻴﻜﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤ (savoir-être


4 µln.ìا ¤ba:أ activités d’ apprentissage

ﺕﺍﺫ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻬﺠﺎﻤﺩﺇﻭ ،ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺒ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ لﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ،ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺒﺭﺎﻘﻤﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ
ﺔﻝﻻﺩ . ﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﺘ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺔﻓﺩﻬﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻙﻼﺘﻤﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺭﺸﺅﻤ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﺝ . ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻡﻫﺃ لﺜﻤﺘﺘﻭ
ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ :

• ﺔﻴﺌﺯﺠ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ (apprentissages ponctuels) ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ﻥﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻝﻼﺨ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻴ ،
ﻁﺎﺸﻨ لﻜﻝ ﺓﺭﻁﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ .
• ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻨﻴﻨﺒ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ (structuration des acquis) ﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻲﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺎ
) ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﻁﺎﺒﺘﺭﻻﺍ ( ﻲﻔﻴﻝﻭﺘ ﻥﻴﺭﻤﺘ لﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻘﻘﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺈﻜ ، .
• ﻲﻓ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ لﺤ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ - ﻲﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﻕﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ ﺝﺭﺎﺨ ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻤ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ ) ﻡﻠﻌﺘ
ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ intégration .(

ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ لﻭﺎﻨﺘ ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ﻥﻭﻜﻴ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻲﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ لﻋﺎﻔﻝﺍﻭ ،ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ لﻜ ﺭﻭﺤﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹﺍ ﻉﻭﻤﺠﻤﻝ
ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺠ ﻭﺃ ﻱﺩﺭﻓ لﻜﺸﺒ ﻡﺘﺘ ﻥﺃ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ . ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻁﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻴﻜﺭﺘﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ /

ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘﻝﺍ {présentation) : ﻡﺘﻴ ﺩﺍﺩﺯﻴﻓ ،ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻠﺼﺤﻴﺴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﺢﻴﻀﻭﺘ ﺎﻬﻝﻼﺨ
ﻤﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ ﻪ . ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ ﻥﺃ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﺘ :

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* ﺡﺭﻁ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ ﺎﻬﻠﺤ ﻡﺘﻴ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺎﻘﺤﻻ .
* ﺘ ﺎﺨﻭﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺍ ﻡﻴﺩﻘ ﺓ ﻤ ﺔﺼﺤﻝﺍ ﻥ .
* ﺘ ﺩﻘ ﺔﻘﻴﺜﻭ ﻡﻴ ) ،ﺹﻨ ،ﻡﺴﺭ ،ﺓﺭﻭﺼ (... ﺀﻲﺸ ﻭﺃ ) ،ﻱﺩﺎﻤ ﻡﺴﺠ ،ﺔﻝﺁ (... ﺔﻅﺤﻼﻤﻠﻝ .
* ﻗﺍ ﺘ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤﺒ ﺔﻘﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﻁﺒﺭﻴ ﻥﻴﺭﻤﺘ ﺡﺍﺭ .
* ﻨﺇ ﺠ ﺎﻤ ﻥﺎﻜﻤﻝ ﺔﺠﺭﺨ ﺯﺎ ﻝ ﺕﺎﻅﺤﻼﻤ ﺀﺍﺭﺠﺇﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻁﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻤﺠ .
* ﻗﺍ ﺘ ﻠﺤﺘ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ،ﺎﻘﺤﻻ ﺯﺠﻨﻴ ﺙﺤﺒ ﺡﺍﺭ ﺓﺭﺎﺸﺘﺴﺍ ﻭﺃ ،ﻕﺌﺎﺜﻭ لﻴ ﻥﻴﺼﺘﺨﻤ .

ﺭﻴﻭﻁﺘﻝﺍ {développement) : ﻤﺘﺘﻭ ﻠﻘﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺩﻘﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺍ ﻲﻓ لﺜ ﺔﻴ ﺱﺤﻝﺍﻭ – ﺭﺤ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻜ
ﺔﻘﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺎﻬﺠﻤﺩﻭ ،ﺎﻬﺘﻻﻻﺩ ﻡﻬﻓﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ لﺼﻭﺘﻝﺍ . ﺠﻨﻴﻭ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﻷﺍ ﺓﺩﻋﺎﺴﻤﺒ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺎﻫﺯ
ﻭﺃ ﺘﺴﺎﺒ لﺎﻤﻌ ﺘﻜﻝﺍ ﻲﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺏﺎ ﻭﻤ ﻭﺃ ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺩﺭﺍ ﻱﺩﺭﻓ ﻭﺃ ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺠ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ، . ﻲﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴﻭ :
* ﺘﺴﺍ ﻭﻀﻭﻤ ﺹﻼﺨ ﻝﺍ ﻉ ﺹﺎﺨ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻤ ﻡﻴﻤﻌﺘ ﺭﺎﻁﺇ ﻲﻓ ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ) ،ﺔﻗﻼﻋ ﻗ ،ﺓﺩﻋﺎﻗ ،ﻥﻭﻨﺎ (... ﺏﻨﺠﺘ ﻊﻤ ،
ﺓﺩﺤﺍﻭ ﺔﻝﺎﺤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﻨﺒﻤﻝﺍ ﻊﻴﺭﺴﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻤﻌﺘﻝﺍ .
* ﻀﺇ ﺎ ﺓﺩﻴﺩﺠ ﺕﺎﻴﻁﻌﻤﻭ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤ ﺔﻓ .
* ﺴﺍ ﺘ ﻤ ﺝﺎﺘﻨ ﻭ ﺹﺎﺨﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﻡﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻀ ) ﻗ ،ﻑﻴﺭﻌﺘ ،ﻥﻭﻨﺎﻗ ،ﺓﺩﻋﺎ .(...
* ﻘﺘ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺕﺎﺤﻴﻀﻭﺘ ﻡﻴﺩ ) ،ﺭﻭﺼ ،ﺔﻠﺜﻤﺃ ... .(
* ﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ ﺓﺎﻜﺎﺤﻤ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻨﻫﺭﺒ .
* ﻨﺘ ﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻀﻭﻤ ﺕﻴﺒﺜﺘﻭ ﻡﻴﻅ ﻡ ﺒ ﺎﻬﻁﺒﺭﻭ ﻌﺘﻝﺎ ﺔﻘﺒﺎﺴﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠ .

ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘﻝﺍ {application) : ﺘﺘﻭ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﺔﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻕﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤ :
* ﺎﻤﺘ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤﺒ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﺘ ﺔﻴﻘﻴﺒﻁﺘ ﻥﻴﺭ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﺴﺴﺅﻤﻝﺍ ﺝﺭﺎﺨﻭ لﺨﺍﺩ ﻪﻝﺎﻤﻌﺘﺴﺍﻭ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤﻝﺍ .
* ﻤﺘ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝ ﻥﻴﺭﺎ ﺍ ﻝ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻉﻭﻀﻭﻤﻝ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘ .
* ﻨﺃ ﺸ ﻭﻤﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ،ﻙﺍﺭﺩﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﺔﻁ ﻭﻀ ﺒﺎﺴ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﺒ ﻭﺃ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻉ ﺔﻘ .
* ﻨﺃ ﺸ ﺎﺼﻭﺼﺨﻭ ،ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁ ﻲﺘﺍﺫﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻲﻨﻴﻭﻜﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ .

ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ {intégration) : ﺘﺘﻭ لﺜﻤ ﻓ ﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇ ﻲ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﻘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻠﺼﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺕ
لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ،ﺔﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘ :
* ﻁﺒﺭ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﺒ ﻴ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻥ .
* لﻴﻭﺤﺘ ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﺒ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻤﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ،ﻯﺭﺨﺃ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺔﻠﺼﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ .
* ﻨﺇ ﻁﻴﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺓﺎﻘﺘﺴﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﻲﻓ ،ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﺯﺎﺠ .
* ﻘﺘ ﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﺩﻗ ﻡﻴﻭ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴ .

ﺔﻅﻭﺤﻠﻤ : ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺘ ﻑﻭﺭﻅ ﺏﺴﺤ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻴ ﺎﻬﻌﻗﻭﻤ ﻭ ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤ لﻜ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ .
) s Référence (
@,;b: 5 :
@,;b.ìا ¿:l.: _o l8Vb:ا 4 ،ةدloìا _jرí.ì ¤,cg;aVا _æ>lì ارl;.cاو ،
ة_;.noìا ¤jlaSìا ¤,o.: _o _Soj ،¤,oln.ìا ¤ba:Vì lb,b>: ح_.8ا .



11

5 ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ (intégration des acquis)

لـﺤ ﻲـﻓ ﺔﻴﺘﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻜﻤﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻴ ﺎﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺎﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ
ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ .

1.5 ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ

ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﺃ ﻡﻫﺃ لﺜﻤﺘﺘ :
- ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻝﻻﺩ ﺀﺎﻁﻋﺇ ﻭ لﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍ ﺍﺫﻫ ﻕﻘﺤﺘﻴﻭ ، ﺔﺒﺴـﻨﻝﺎﺒ ﺔـﻝﻻﺩ ﻱﺫ ﻕﺎﻴـﺴ ﻲـﻓ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻊﻀ
ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻴﻝﺍ ﻪﺘﺎﻴﺤ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻀﺭﺘﻌﺘ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻬﻨﻜﻤﻴ ﺔﺴﻭﺴﺤﻤ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﺒ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤﻭ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻠﻝ .
- ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ لﻗﺃ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻤﻭ ﻡﻫﺃ ﻭﻫ ﺎﻤ ﺯﻴﻴﻤﺘ ﻲـﻓ لﺎﻤﻌﺘـﺴﻼﻝ ﺔﻠﺒﺎﻗ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺎﺒ ،ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺯﻴﻜﺭﺘﻝﺎﺒ
ﺔﻘﺤﻻ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺀﺎﻨﺒﻝ ﺔﻴﺭﻭﺭﻀ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻴﻝﺍ ﺓﺎﻴﺤﻝﺍ .
- ﺘﺴﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ ﻡﻠﻌﺘ ﻝﺍ لﺎﻤﻌ ﻤ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﻲﻓ ﻑﺭﺎﻌ ﺕﺎـﻴﺎﻏﻭ ﺓﺩﻭﺸـﻨﻤﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻘﻝﺍﻭ ﺔﻓﺭﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﻁﺒﺭﺒ ﻙﻝﺫﻭ ،
ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ) ﺢﻝﺎﺼﻝﺍ ﻥﻁﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻭﻜﺘ ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﺜﻤﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺴﻤﻝﺍﻭ ﺅ ﺦﻝﺍ ،لﻘﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺹﺨﺸﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺀﻑﻜﻝﺍ لﻤﺎﻌﻝﺍﻭ ،لﻭ ( .
- ﻡﻴﻫﺎﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﻁﺒﺭ ﻩﺩﺍﺩـﻋﺇﻭ ،ﻪـﻬﺠﺍﻭﺘ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺩﺤﺘﻝﺍ ﻊﻓﺭ ﻥﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﻜﻤﺘﻝ ﺔﻠﺼﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻝﺍ
ﻪﺘﺎﻴﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻬﻓﺩﺎﺼﻴ ﺩﻗ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ لﻴﻗﺍﺭﻌﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﻭﻌﺼﻝﺍ ﺔﻬﺠﺍﻭﻤﻝ .

ﺔﻗﺭﻔﺘﻤ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻋ ﻥﻴﺒ ﺕﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﻁﺒﺭ ﺎﻬﻝﻼﺨ ﻥﻤ ﻡﺘﻴ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻥﺄﺒ لﻭﻘﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﻑﺍﺩﻬﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻥﻤ ﺎﻗﻼﻁﻨﺍﻭ ﻲﻓ
ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻏ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘ ﻑﺩﻬﺘ ﺔﻠﺼﻔﻤﺘﻤ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ﺎﻬﻔﻴﻅﻭﺘﻭ ،ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒﻝﺍ .

2.5 ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜ

ﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴ ﺩﻌﺒ ﺓﺭﺘﻓ ﺹﺼﺨﺘ ،ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌ ) ﻼﺜﻤ ﻉﻭﺒﺴﺃ ( ﺝﺎـﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻰـﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﺏﻴﺭﺩﺘﻝ . ﻁﻴـﻁﺨﺘ ﻥـﻜﻤﻴﻭ
ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﺔﻴﺎﻬﻨ ﺩﻨﻋ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸـﻨﻷﺍ ﻡﺩـﻘﺘ لﻼـﺨ ﺞﻴﺭﺩـﺘﻝﺎﺒ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻺﻝ ﻕﺭﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﺎﻤﻜ ،
ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ لﺤﺍﺭﻤ ﻕﻓﻭ .

ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻠﻝ ﻡﺩﻘﺘ ،ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ لﻼﺨﻭ - ﻝﺄﺴﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤﻝﺍ لﺌﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺔﺌﻓ ﻥﻤ ﺔ . ﻩﺫـﻫ لـﺤ ﻡﺘﻴﻭ
،ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘ لﻜ ﻥﺩﻝ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻊﻤ ﺔﻁﺸـﻨﻷﺍ ﻩﺫـﻫ ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒ ﺩﻨﻋ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺎﻜﻤﺇ . ﻥﻜﻤﺘـﻴ ﻡـﻝ ﺍﺫﺇﻭ
ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ لﺤ ﻥﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ - ،ﻙـﻝﺫ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺕـﻝﺎﺤ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻭﻌﺼﻝﺍ ﺩﺼﺭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﻷﺍ لﻤﻌﻴ ،ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ
ﺃ ﺡﺭﺘﻘﻴﻭ ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻤﻜﺘ ﺔﻁﺸﻨ ﻠﻝ ﻡﻬﺌﺍﺩﺃ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻥﻤ ﻊﻓﺭ . ،ﺔـﺼﺎﺨ ﺔـﻴﺎﻨﻋ ﺕﺎـﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﻭـﺠ ﺀﻼﻴﺇ ﻥﻤ ﺩﺒﻻ ،ﻙﻝﺫ ﻕﻴﻘﺤﺘﻝﻭ
ﺩﺤ ﻰﺼﻗﺃ ﻰﻝﺇ ﺎﻴﻤﻜ ﺎﻬﺼﻴﻠﻘﺘ ﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻰﻀﺘﻗﺍ ﻭﻝﻭ ،ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ لﻜﻝ ﻲﺠﻴﺭﺩﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻜﺄﺘﻝﺍﻭ . ﻜ ﺔـﻴﻤﻨﺘﻓ ﻔ ﻻ ﺔـﻴﺎ
ﺫﻫ ﺓﺩﻭﺠﺒ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﺘ ﺎﻤ ﺭﺩﻘﺒ ﺔﻠﺼﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻜﺒ ﻁﺒﺘﺭﺘ ﻲـﻓ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘـﺴﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺩﻘﻝﺎﺒﻭ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻩ
ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻴﻝﺍ ﺓﺎﻴﺤﻝﺍ .

3.5 ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﺭﻴﺒﺩﺘﻝ ﺔﻗﺎﻁﺒ

ﺍ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻗﺎﻁﺒﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀﺘﺘ ﻗ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻺﻝ ﻲﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺭﻴﺒﺩﺘﻝ ﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺎﺤﺍﺭﺘ :

12


لﺤﺍﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﺫﺎﺘﺴﻷﺍ ﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺔﻴﻨﻤﺯﻝﺍ ﺓﺩﻤﻝﺍ
ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﺩﻘﺘ
- ﺔﻅﺤﻼﻤﻠﻝ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻭﻋﺩﻴ
- ﺔﻠﺌﺴﺃ ﺡﺭﻁﻴ
- ﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻊﺠﺸﻴ ﺭﻴﺒﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤ
- ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ ﺭﺼﺎﻨﻋ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻬﻓ ﻥﻤ ﺩﻜﺄﺘﻴ
) ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻁ ،ﺕﺎﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻝﺍ ،ﻕﺎﻴﺴﻝﺍ
،ﺕﺎﻴﻁﻌﻤﻝﺍ (...
- ﺔﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ لﻠﺤﻴﻭ ﻁﺤﻼﻴ
- ﺔﻠﺌﺴﻷﺍ ﻥﻋ ﺏﻴﺠﻴ
- ﺔﻴﺭﺤﺒ ﻡﻠﻜﺘﻴ
- ﻲﻓ ﻥﻌﻤﺘﻴﻭ ﻊﻤﺘﺴﻴ
ﺕﺎﺤﻭﺭﺸﻝﺍ

ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ
- ﺔﻤﻬﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﺯﺠﻨﻴ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻙﺭﺘﻴ
- ﻡﻬﺠﺎﺘﻨﺇ ﺏﻗﺍﺭﻴ
- ﺩﻋﺎﺴﻴ ﺘﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺭﺜﻌ
- ﺽﻌﺒ لﻤﻜﻴ ﻥﺎﺠﺎﺘﻨﻹﺍ
- ﻡﻋﺩﻝﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻋﻹ ﺕﺎﺒﻭﻌﺼﻝﺍ ﻥﻭﺩﻴ
- ﻭﺃ ﺩﺍﺭﻔﻨﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻭﺠﺘﻨﻴ
ﺕﺎﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﻲﻓ
- ﻡﻬﺘﺎﺠﺎﺘﻨﺇ ﻥﻭﻤﺩﻘﻴ
- ﺢﻴﺤﺼﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻥﻭﻜﺭﺎﺸﻴ
- ﺕﺎﺤﻴﺤﺼﺘﻠﻝ ﻥﻭﺘﺼﻨﻴ
ﺔﻴﻠﻴﻤﻜﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺎﻀﻹﺍﻭ

ﺝﻼﻌﻝﺍ
- ﺔﻤﻋﺍﺩﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻁﻁﺨﻴ
- ﺎﻫﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻪﺠﻭﻴ
- ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻥﻭﺯﺠﻨﻴ
ﺔﻤﻋﺍﺩﻝﺍ


ﺔﻅﻭﺤﻠﻤ : ﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘ ﺎﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺭﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻥﻤﻀ ﻪﻝ ﻁﻴﻁﺨﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺘﻴ ،ﺎ . ﺝﺎـﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻁﺸـﻨﺃ ﺝﺭﺩﻨﺘﻭ
ﺕﻴﺒﺜﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻡﻋﺩﻠﻝ ﺩﻭﺼﺭﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﻼﻐﻝﺍ ﻙﻝﺫﻜﻭ ﺱﻭﺭﺩﻝﺍ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﻹ ﺹﺼﺨﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﻨﻤﺯﻝﺍ ﻑﻼﻐﻝﺍ ﻥﻤﻀ .

ﻭ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺎﻫﺯﺠﻨﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﻑﻠﺘﺨﻤ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘ ﻥﻜﻤﻴ ﺎﻬﻨﻤ ،ﺕﺍﺭﺎﺴﻤ ﻕﻓﻭ :

- لﻭﻷﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ : ﺎﻬﻨ ﺩﻨﻋ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﻁﻴﻁﺨﺘ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻴ :

ª=--أ
ف'-´--`ا
»'·-
¸-¸= :
ف-ه 1
ف-ه
2
ف-ه
3
ف-ه
4
... ... ج'-دإ
¸-')-
ª=--أ
»,,--'ا

- ﻲﻨﺎﺜﻝﺍ ﺭﺎﺴﻤﻝﺍ : ﺞﻴﺭﺩﺘﻝﺎﺒ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ ﺯﺎﺠﻨﺇ :

ª=--أ
ف'-´--`ا
ف-ه
1
ف-ه
2
ف-ه
3
ف-ه
4
ج'-دإ
¸-=,-
ف-ه
5
ف-ه
6
ف-ه
7
ف-ه
8
ج'-دإ
¸-=,-
... إ ج'-د
¸-')-
ª=--أ
»,,--'ا

o ﻑﺎﺸﻜﺘﺴﻻﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﺃ : ،ﺔﻴﻠﺒﻘﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺴﺘﻜﻤﻝﺍ ﻥﻴﺒﻭ ﻪﻨﻴﺒ ﻕﺭﻔﻝﺍ ﺭﻴﺩﻘﺘﻭ ،ﻪﺒﺎﺴﺘﻜﺍ ﻡﺘﻴﺴ ﺎﻤ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻉﻼﻁﻻﺍ ﻲﻓ لﺜﻤﺘﺘﻭ
ﺦﻝﺍ ،ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺩﻤﺘﻌﺘﺴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻕﺌﺍﺭﻁﻝﺍﻭ لﺌﺎﺴﻭﻝﺍﻭ ،ﺏﺴﺘﻜﻴﺴ ﺎﻤ ﺭﺎﻤﺜﺘﺴﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻤﻭ .
o ﺔﻴﺌﺯﺠﻝﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ : ﻥﻤ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ،ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻌﻝﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺏﺴﺘﻜﻴ ﺎﻬﻝﻼﺨ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺎﻬﻤ ﻲﻤﻨﻴﻭ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﻤ
ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭﻝﺍ لﺤ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘﻠﻝ ﺔﻠﺒﺎﻗ ﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ ﺢﺒﺼﺘﺴ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻝﺍ . ﻡﻋﺩﻠﻝ ﻑﻅﻭﻴ ﻲﻨﻴﻭﻜﺘ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ ﺔﻁﺸﻨﻷﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ لﻠﺨﺘﻴﻭ
ﺕﻴﺒﺜﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻙﺍﺭﺩﺘﺴﻻﺍﻭ .
o ﺸﻨﺃ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﻹﺍ ﺔﻁ : ﻠﺘﻝﺍ ﺎﻬﻝﻼﺨ ﺏﺭﺩﺘﻴﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻌﻀﻭ لﺤﻝ ﺔﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘﻭ ﺔﺠﻤﺩﻨﻤ ﺔﻘﻴﺭﻁﺒ ﻩﺩﺭﺍﻭﻤ ﺔﺌﺒﻌﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺫﻴﻤ - ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ
ﺔﻁﺒﺘﺭﻤ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺎﺒ ) ﻲﺌﺎﻬﻨ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ ( ﻭﺃ ﺎﻬﻠﺤﺍﺭﻤ ﻯﺩﺤﺈﺒ ) ﻲﻠﺤﺭﻤ ﺝﺎﻤﺩﺇ .(

13

o ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘ : ﺭﻤﻷﺍ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴﻭ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﺒ ﺔﻴﺎﻔﻜﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻜﻤﺘ ﻯﺩﻤ ) ﻭﺃ ﺎﻬﻠﺤﺍﺭﻤ ( ﻕﺭﻁﺘﻝﺍ ﻡﺘﻴﺴ ﺎﻤ ﻭﻫﻭ ،
ﺔﻴﻝﺍﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﻘﻔﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻴﻝﺇ .


6 تloln.ìا µjga: Evaluation des apprentissages

ﺒﺘﻌﻴ ﺎﺠﻤﺩﻨﻤ ﺎﻁﺎﺸﻨ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺭ ﻓ ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﻡﻴﻠﻌﺘﻝﺍ ﺓﺭﻭﺭﻴﺴ ﻲ . ﻡﻭﺭﻴ ﻲﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻸﻝ ﺎﻌﺒﺘ ﻪﺘﺍﻭﺩﺃﻭ ﻪﺘﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻭ ﻪﺒﻴﻝﺎﺴﺃ ﻉﻭﻨﺘﺘﻭ
ﺎﻬﻘﻴﻘﺤﺘ . ﻡﻋﺩﻠﻝ ﺹﺼﺤ ﻡﻴﻅﻨﺘﻜ ،ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ ﺀﻭﻀ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻩﺫﺎﺨﺘﺍ ﻡﺘﻴ ﺭﺍﺭﻘﺒ ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﻑﺩﻬﻝﺍ ﻕﻠﻌﺘﻴ ﺎﻤ ﺎﺒﻝﺎﻏﻭ
ﺃ ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤ ﻰﻝﺇ لﺎﻘﺘﻨﻻﺎﺒ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘﻝ ﺡﺎﻤﺴﻝﺍ ﻭﺃ ،ﺫﻴﻤﻼﺘﻝﺍ ﻥﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠﻤ ﺓﺩﺌﺎﻔﻝ ﺔﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍﻭ ﺭﺍﺭﻜﺘﺒ ﺫﻴﻤﻠﺘ ﻡﺍﺯﻝﺇ ﻭﺃ ،ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺦﻝﺍ ،ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤﻝﺍ ... ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻀﻭﻤﻝﺍ ﻲﺨﻭﺘ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻤﻌﻝﺍ ﻡﺘﻴ ،ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻨﺒﻤﻝﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺭﻘﻝﺍ ﺽﻌﺒ ﺓﺭﻭﻁﺨﻝ ﺍﺭﻅﻨﻭ
ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ ﻑﺩﻫﻭ ﻡﺀﻼﺘﺘ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﻲﻋﺩﺘﺴﻴ ﺎﻤﻤ ،ﺔﻤﺎﺘﻝﺍ . ﻡﻴﻫﺎﻔﻤﻝﺍ ﻩﺫﻫ ﻡﻫﻷ ﻕﻴﻗﺩﺘ ﻲﻠﻴ ﺎﻤﻴﻓﻭ .

1.6 µjga.ìا مg¿ao

ﻡﻴﻭﻘﺘﻝﺍ لﻴﺘﻴﻜ ﻭﺩ ﻑﺭﻌﻴ ﻪﻨﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ " ﻊﻤﺠ ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤ ﻡﺴﺘﺘ ﺔﻴﻝﺎﻌﻔﻝﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺜﻝﺍﻭ ﻕﺩﺼﻝﺎﺒ ﺔﺠﺭﺩ لﻴﻠﺤﺘﻭ ، ﺔﻤﺀﻼﻤ ﻩﺫﻫ
ﺕﺎﻤﻭﻠﻌﻤﻝﺍ ﻤﻝ ﺭﻴﻴﺎﻌﻤ ﺔﻋﻭﻤﺠ ﺔﺼﺎﺨ ﺓﺩﺩﺤﻤﻝﺍ ﻑﺍﺩﻫﻷﺎﺒ ﻑﺩﻬﺒ ،ﺔﻴﺍﺩﺒﻝﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺭﺍﺭﻗ ﺫﺎﺨﺘﺍ ."
(citation)



@,;b: 6 :
@,;b.ìا ¿:l.: _o l8Vb:ا 2 ،ةدloìا تl,ægæ> رl;.cl;و ،
* _,jlno ¤:V: ح_.8ا :د l, ة_;.noìا ¤jlaSlì ¤;a.ìl; نla:$ì _jرl,no وأ ارl,noو .
* رl,no _S; ¤æl> تا_a§o ¤:V: وأ _j_a§o دí> .


14

l,8ا_cg,l;,;



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