P. 1
قواعد اللغة الانجليزية

قواعد اللغة الانجليزية

|Views: 5,348|Likes:
منشور بواسطةTha'r Abu Qobaitah

More info:

Published by: Tha'r Abu Qobaitah on Jun 19, 2011
حقوق الطبع:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/13/2014

pdf

text

original

) ةيزيلجنلا ةغللا دعاوق Grammar يويتشا ماسح .

ا (
Pronouns

ملا !"# !"ي $ي%&لا a 'r()(*) r+',a-+. a )(*) /0لاتلا و"1لا 2لع ا34ا#اد5تا 6 ا3لا7ش89 $:ا%&لا ;لت546 <
Examples: = I >( ?( .-@((, +A+rBCaB. = D@E. E. my F((G. = D@E. F((G E. mine. = GEA+ me ?@+ F((G. = D@+ F(B. @*r? themselves .
ةةةةةةةة ةةةةةةة Reflexive pronouns
mB.+,H I B(*r.+,H I @Em.+,H I @+r.+,H I E?.+,H I ( J$K%لا ) LE)>*,ar
(*r.+,A+. I B(*r.+,A+. I ?@+m.+,A+. I ( M%جلا ) N,*ra,
ةسكعنملا رئامضلا تاا!"#$ا
O P ( QRSلا ا%3&R9 2لع TاJوRي ) U4اV W0Xلا ا%Y U9 ZوRK%لا 6 !عاKلا Tو7ي ا#د1ع = [,E -*? himsel%
\ P دي]8تلل = ^B Ha?@+r himsel% -,+a)+C ?@+ -ar
_ مد5تسن = `EC B(* C( B(*r @(m+a(rG &n y&'( &)nb P ( () B(*r (a) c FB B(*r.+,H c a,()+ (
d / 0Y6 ZاRefا QR9 M# gJاع ةس7R1%لا $:ا%&لا مد5تس4 ل =
a''r(a-@ I aHH(rC I Fa?@ I Cr+.. I .@aA+ I aa.@ I m++? I .E? C(a) I .?a)C *' I a(rrB I C+-EC+ I r+m+mF+r I -()-+)?ra?+
P Zاhhhhihh# j .@aA+C aH?+r j @aC >(? *'
k lون m# $جلا n6$ح M# ةس7R1%لا $:ا%&لا مد5تسن ل = ',a-+ 6o '(.E?E() P Zاhhhhihh# L@+ '*? @+r Fa> )+p? ?( he( (@+r.+,H (
q ) ةس7R1%لا $:ا%&لا M# rا"لst# = jCE(m. aE?@ r+H,+pEA+ 'r()(*). (
P Zاhhhhih# +)u(B+C &'(selves I F+@aA+ themselves I @+,' y&'(sel% I maG+ y&'(sel%
v ) n$ح دR9 ةس7R1%لا $:ا%&لا مد5تس4 = H(r P 0لاتلا $يSRتلا 0e ( w+? ?@+ GEC C( E? H(r himsel%
x ) n$ح دR9 ةس7R1%لا $:ا%&لا مد5تس4 = FB P ةيلاتلا rا$يSRتلا 0e ( y+ ,EA+. *y himsel% c a,()+
P j a).a+r+C ?@+.+ z*+.?E(). *y mysel% c )( F(CB @+,'+C m+
+(a,ti,e
* Fill in the gaps .
- . [/ {+,-(m+ ?( ?@+ -,a... /. [/ D@a? E. ya).. ||..E. 0. [/ {@+r+ E. }a?ar b
~/ ||am `aAEC a)C ?@E. E. Hr(m G+rma)B. ~/ ||E. )+ar La*CE [raFEa .
^arEa. || E. Hr(m j?a,B .
1 . [/ [)C a@( ar+ |..b 2. [/ `( B(* G)(a ^arEab 3. [/ `( B(* G)(a ?@+ ?+a-@+r b
~/ |..ar+ )+a .?*C+)?. Hr(m }a?ar. ~/ •(€ j C()•? G)(a |... . ~/ •(€ j C()•? G)(a . ||
* Complete the sentences with a possessive adjective .
- . • ^B .E.?+r•. marrE+C.• {@a?•. ||.. @*.Fa)C•. )am+ b
/ . • ^B Fr(?@+r•. (HHE-+ E. E) •+a ‚(rG.• {@a?•. ||. ƒ(F b
0 . • ^*m a)C `aC ar+ E) „(m+.• {@a?•. ..|.. '@()+ )*mF+r b
* Use reflexive pronouns to complete the sentences .
- . ‚(*r @aEr ,((G. ?+rrEF,+. w((G a? |||||| E) ?@+ mErr(r .
/ . [@m+C E. >+??E)> A+rB .?ra)>+. y+ ?a,G. ?( ||||||| a,, ?@+ ?Em+ .
0 . D@+ z*+.?E() ||||||. j. )(? A+rB -(m',E-a?+C€ F*? ?@+ a).a+r -+r?aE),B E. .
1 . D@+ (,C ,aCB ,EA+. |||||.. ?@+.+ CaB.€ a)C .@+ rar+,B >(+. (*? ?( .++ a)B()+ .
2 . ‚(* C()•? )++C ?( +p',aE) a@a? j CEC ?( +A+rB()+. j -a) .'+aG .||||||

* Choose the correct answer .
- . D( *)C+r.?a)C a)-E+)? …>B'?€ .-@(,ar. .?*CB E?. @E+r(>,B'@E-. a)C ?rB ?( E)?+r'r+? ( E? I ?@+m I E?.+,H I ?@+m.+,A+. .(
/ . D@+ CEa,+-? ?@a? E. .'(G+) E) †,EmF(. E. .( (,C ?@a? ma)B (H ( E?. I @E. I @+r. I ?@+Er. ) a(rC. Ca?+ Fa-G ?( ?@+ ?Em+ (H y(m+r .
0 . [. ?@+ Far+ m(*)?aE). ?*r)+C >r++)€ ?@+ '+(',+ H(*)C ( ?@+B I ?@+m I ?@+Er I ?@+m.+,A+. ) ,((GE)> H(raarC ?( .'rE)> .
1 . •+a -@+mE-a,. ar+ )(? a,aaB. ?+.?+C ?( C+?+rmE)+ EH ( E? I .@+ I @+ I ?@+B ) aE,, -a*.+ -a)-+r (r >+)+?E- m*?a?E(). .
4ر56 رئام7 8the( p(&n&'ns :
‡ ) ةةةةةةةةة ةةةةة Interrogatives / 0Y6 9h&: 9hi,h: 9h&se: 9hat ....: P Zاhhhhhih# 9h& AE.E?. @+rb = 9hat ar+ B(* >(E)>
?( F*B b
‡ ) ةةةةة ةةةةة Relative pronouns / 0Y6 )h& ; )h&se ; that ; )hi,h < P Zاhhhhih# ˆaE.a, E. ?@+ ma) )h&se -ar E. F,a-G
‡ ) ةةةةةةة ةةةةة !uantitative / 0لاتلا] ZوRK# $ي%‰ $:ا%&لا Š‹Y 0لي
„+H,+pEA+ 'r()(*).
Œا7Rنلا $:ا%‰
N(..+..EA+ 'r()(*).
ةي7ل%لا $:ا%‰
N(..+..EA+ aCu+-?EA+.
ةي7ل%لا rاK•
†Fu+-? 'r()(*).
U9 ZوRK%لا $:ا%‰
L*Fu+-? 'r()(*).
!عاKلا $:ا%‰
mB.+,H
B(*r.+,H
@Em.+,H
@+r.+,H
E?.+,H
(*r.+,A+.
B(*r.+,A+.
?@+m.+,A+.
mE)+
B(*r.
@E.
@+r.
E?.
(*r.
B(*r.
?@+Er.
mB
B(*r
@E.
@+r
E?.
(*r
B(*r
?@+Er
m+
B(*
@Em
@+r
E?
*.
B(*
?@+m
j
B(*
@+
.@+
E?
a+
B(*
?@+B
( م] Ž ان Ž مY) $i]o m(.? (H ...| m# دحo ل )()+ (H .| m# !يلق H+a (H ( B(* ( م7Rي%• Ž م3Rي%• a,, (H .| m# QR9 .(m+ (H ( *. (
m# دحا6 !] +a-@ ( ()+ ) (H .| m# !] +E?@+r (H .| m# !يلق a H+a (H ( E? ( m# •] F(?@ (H .| m# يo a)B (H ( ?@+m (
‡ ) ةةةة ةةةةة Indefinite pronouns / 0Y6
)(a@+r+ .(m+a@+r+ .(m+?@E)> .(m+F(CB Ž ()+
)(?@E)> a)Ba@+r+ a)B?@E)> +A+rBF(CB Ž ()+
)(F(CB Ž ()+ +A+rBa@+r+ +A+rB?@E)> a)BF(CB Ž ()+
) ة%ل] انايحo $:ا%&لا Š‹Y MSتي = +,.+ P !i# ( `( B(* )++C anythin= +,.+b I >&me*&?y +,.+ -a,,+C B(*
P !i# ةي7ل%لا ةغي• 0e $:ا%&لا Š‹Y ماد5تا m7%ي = s&me*&?y@s +p',a)a?E() = s&me&ne@s .*>>+.?E() I eve(y&ne@s -,(?@+.
‡ ) ةةةةةةة ةةةةة "emonstrative pronouns Wل‘Y / 0Y6 these ’“ل6o = th&se ’ل4 Ž ”اV = that Š‹Y Ž ا‹Y = this

•hhhhhh%hhh4

) ةةةةةة #djective ةةةة .ة
ةةةةةة
Syllables
h9 2%سي ةغللا 0e 0اo lو‰و# mع –د"تن To Jون ةياد9 .B,,aF,+. rا#ا] ”ا13e < QRSلا ا3&R9 mع ;لت54 ةيزيلجنلا ةغللا rا%ل] To دجن —يح ( M˜ا™%لا )
.ةلi#fا QR9 ’يلš < ا‹7Y 6 ة›•› ”ا1Y 6 mي1›ا ”ا1Y 6 دحا6 Ms™# rاV
>ix sylla*les Aive sylla*les A&'( sylla*les Bh(ee sylla*les B)& sylla*les 8ne sylla*le
+p=?ra=-*r=rE-=*=,ar -a='a=FE,=E=?B +p='+=CE=?E() .*F=ma=rE)+ F+=,()> ?r++
Comparative & Superlative adjectives
.lو1لا œKن m# •$žfا Wايشfا mع U1ع –د"ت%لا W0Xلا زي%تل مŸا 2لš nا&4 ة%ل] ا3نo 2لع ةKtلا n$Rن ةياد9
ةلi#o P [,E E. ?a,,. = ƒ(@) E. a -,+A+r F(B. = D@+ ,E() E. a Ca)>+r(*. a)Ema, .
)دحا6 Ms™# m# rاK• ”ا13e ا3R˜ا™# 0e ;لت54 rاKtلا6 .@(r?=)E-+=?@E) ) mيRs™# m# ”ا1Y6 < ( ,*-GB I @a''B ) $i]o ”ا1Y6 < ( F+a*?EH*, I Ca)>+r(*. .(
/0لاتلا Z6دجلا 2لš $نا <2%ع rاKtلا Tو74 To ةلا"لا Š‹Y 0e m7%#6 ( $ž¡9 W0ش T¢ا™ن ا#د1ع يo ) ةن¢ا™# rاKt•لš rاKtلا Zو"ن To Mيsتسن6
CمDE >'pe(lative ةFGاH I&mpa(ative
£ ?a,, ¤ ?@+ ?a,,+.? = ,()> ¤ ?@+ ,()>+.? ¥
O = ;ي&ن دحاولا Ms™%لا rاK• M# est ا3لSق M&ن6
the .
…p. [C+, E. ?@+ ?a,,+.? .?*C+)? E) (*r -,a.. .
\ = h9 03ت14 0تلا ةKtلا y 2لš ¦ل™4 i .
@a''B ¤ @a''E+.? = H*))B ¤ H*))E+.?
_ = ةKtلا !Sق M&ن g$يS7لا rاKtلا M# the m&st .
+p-E?E)> ¤ ?@+ m(.? +p-E?E)>
?+rrEHBE)> ¤ ?@+ m(.? ?+rrEHBE)>
…p. D@+ NEra)@a HE.@ E. ?@+ m(.? ?+rrEHBE)>
-r+a?*r+ .
d = مد5تس4 least mي1›ا m# $i]o mي9 ةن¢ا™%لل
.!قfا اYا1R# 6 ( 2%ع )
F+a*?EH*, ¤ ?@+ ,+a.? F+a*?EH*,
£ ?a,, ¤ ?a,,+r ?@a) = ,()> ¤ ,()>+r ?@a)
O = ا3يلš ;ي&ن دحاولا Ms™%لا rاK• M# Uنo دجن
اYدR9 M&ن ةن¢ا™%لا ةل%• ة§اي• د1ع6 ةن¢ا™%لا د1ع than
…p. [C+, E. ?a,,+r ?@a) [@m+C
\ = h9 03ت14 0تلا 6 mيRs™%لا rاV rاKtلا QR9 M#
ةن¢ا™%لا د1ع ا3ل ;ي&ن e( Zا !يو"4 M# y 2لš i .
ya''B ¤@a''E+r = H*))B ¤ H*))E+r
_ = ا3لSق 6 m]ا n$"9 03ت14 0تلا g$يt™لا rاKtلا
;ي&ن ا#د1ع ةKtلا m# $يžfا n$"لا ¢$7ن ا1ن¨e ”$"ت#
ا3ل e( .
FE> ¤FE>>+r = @(?¤@(??+r = Ha? ¤Ha??+r
d = ا1ن¨e $i]8e mيRs™# m# Tو7ت4 0تلا rاKtلا M#
;ي&ن m&(e 2لš ةeا‰Ÿا9 ةن¢ا™%لا ةيل%ع د1ع ةKtلا !Sق
than .
F+a*?EH*, ¤ m(r+ F+a*?EH*, ?@a)
Ca)>+r(*.¤ m(r+ Ca)>+r(*. ?@a)
…p. D@+ ,E() E. m(r+ Ca)>+r(*. ?@a) ?@+ H(p
k = مد5تسن ةKtلا T8ش m# !يل™تلل ةن¢ا™%لا د1ع less
,+.. FE> = ,+.. +p'+).EA+ = ,+.. ?@E)
…p. D@+ H(p E. ,+.. Ca)>+r(*. ?@a) ?@+ ,E()
gدعاق ا3يلع ©Ss14ل gVاش rاK• ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا 0e د•وي e( 6o est /04ªا] 0Y6
>'pe(lative I&mpa(ative J?Ke,tive >'pe(lative I&mpa(ative J?Ke,tive
,+a.?
m(.?
m(.?
,+..
m(r+
m(r+
!يلق ,E??,+
ةي%7لل $يi] m*-@
JدRلل $يi] ma)B
F+.?
a(r.?
Har?@+.?ŽH*r?@+.?
F+??+r
a(r.+
Har?@+rŽH*r?@+
r
دي• >((C
W0 FaC
ديR9 Har
مد5تس4 as <.as . mيي6است# mي“يش mع $SRتل
…p. †mar E. a. ?a,, a. [@m+C. D@+ a(,H E. a. Ca)>+r(*. a. ?@+ ,E() .
0Kن as <..as وY n&t as <. Js .
…p. ^arB E. )(? a. ?a,, a. [@m+C .

ةاL تاDMN
O = ماد5تا9 ةن¢ا™%لا ةK• ¢اد™# Jد"ن To m7%ي a *it ;
m',h ; a l&t .
( m# •« يلق !™›o ) …p. D@+ F(p E. a FE? @+aAE+r ?@a) ?@+ Fa> .
( mع $يi79 ةحا¢ $i]o ) …p. DraA+,E)> FB ',a)+ E. a ,(? m(r+ -(mH(r?aF,+ ?@a) ?raA+,E)> FB ?raE) .
\ = ا%]< .... ا%] ) وY 6 mي“يش mي9 ةن¢ا™%لل $ž¬ -ولo ”ا1Y
. Bhe m&(e <..O the m&(e .< (
…p. D@+ m(r+ B(*r a(rG€ ?@+ m(r+ B(*r >aE) .
_ = To m7%# < mيRs™# m# Tو7ت4 0تلا rاKtلا QR9 ”ا1Y
mي9ولfا ا3R# مد5تسن e( 6 m&(e ) !i# z*E+? I -,+A+r I )arr(a I .Em',+ (
Zو™ن To Mيsتسن يo -,+A+r+r ?@a) 6o m(r+ -,+A+r ?@a) .
Exercises
$ % Choose the correct answer .
= }*+.?E() ?a( E. )(? P m',h ; t&& ; %a( ; as Q CEHHE-*,? a. z*+.?E() ()+ .
= D@+ z*+.?E() E. P ?i%%i,'lt ; the m&st ?i%%i,'lt ; m&(e ?i%%i,'lt Q (H a,, .
& % Correct the following adjectives .
= D@E. E. ?@+ P inte(estin= Q F((G j @aA+ +A+r r+aC .
= D@+ a+a?@+r ?(CaB E. P =&&? Q ?@a) E? aa. ,a.? B+ar .
' % Rewrite the following using the words) in (rac)ets to give the same meaning .
= D@+ @(*.+ a)C ?@+ AE,,a ar+ ?@+ .am+ 'rE-+. P expensive P
= •( m(*)?aE) E) ?@+ a(r,C E. @E>@+r ?@a) …A+r+.?. P hi=hest P
RSSSمSSST
ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا دعاوق ) Grammar يويتشا ماسح .ا (
Countable & uncountable nouns
UVW!عملا رXY W UVW!عملا Zام$[ا
/04ªا mي9 T¢اق < gJ6دR# $ي§ Tو74 To m7%# 6 gJ6دR# Tو74 To m7%# ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا 0e Wا%fا
VW!عملا رXY \n,&'nta*le VW!عملا I&'nta*le
= j +a? rE-+ +A+rB CaB .
= j ,EG+ rE-+ .
ة%ل] To ®ح•ن rE-+ دحا6 !7ش Uل د•وي —يح J6دR# $ي§ ما
Zو™ن To Mيsتسن •e ?a( rE-+. 6o ()+ rE-+ .
= j +a? a Fa)a)a +A+rB CaB
= j ,EG+ Fa)a)a.
ة%ل] To ا1Y ®ح•ن Fa)a)a U1# J$K%لا To —يح < J6دR# ما
a Fa)a)a M%جلا 6 Fa)a)a. .
مد5تسنل a I a) /Zو™ن •e J6دR%لا $ي§ ملا M#
a aa?+r a ?+a a .*>ar
/Zو™لا Mيsتسن m7ل6
a F(a, (H rE-+ a Cr(' (H aa?+r
a -*' (H ?+a a >am+ (H ?+))E.
مد5تسن a I a) .J$K%لا J6دR%لا ملا l6
a F((G a) (ra)>+ a ?aF,+
مد5تسن To Mيsتسن a)B I .(m+ . gJ6دR%لا $ي§ Wا%fا M#
= {+ ,E.?+)+C ?( .(m+ m*.E- .
= `( B(* ,E.?+) ?( a)B m*.E- b
gJ6دR%لا $ي§ Wا%fا M# مد5تسن ا«&يo m*-@ 6 ($يi]) ,E??,+
.(!يلق )
= j @aA+ a ,E??,+ a(rG ?( C( .
= m*-@ .*>ar m*-@ aCAE-+
مد5تسن To Mيsتسن a)B I .(m+ 0e gJ6دR%لا Wا%fا M#
.M%جلا
= D@+r+ ar+ .(m+ F((G.
= [r+ ?@+r+ a)B F((G.
مد5تسن ا«&يo ma)B 6 ($يi]) H+a gJ6دR%لا Wا%fا M# (!يلق)
.M%جلا ةلاح 0e
= D@+r+ ar+ ma)B .?*C+)?. E) .-@((,
= D@+r+ ar+ a H+a .?*C+)?. E) .-@((,
:ةDMN /!i# ( •$žo rاغل 0e gJ6دR# $SتR4 To m7%# ) gJ6دR# $ي§ Wا%o $SتR4 0تلا 6 Wا%fا QR9 ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا 0e د•وي
H*)
.E,A+r
?raA+,
-,(?@E)>
G)(a,+C>+
a(rG
E)H(rma?E()
.-+)+rB
F,((C
Hr++C(m
'r(>r+..
a+a?@+r
Fa>>a>+
-@a(.
)+a.
?raHHE-
aCAE-+
Fr+aC
H*r)E?*r+
,*>>a>+
a--(mm(Ca?E()
'+rmE..E()
ةلi#o P = j am ,((GE)> H(r a(rG. I j? E. )E-+ a+a?@+r ?(CaB .
/!i# 21R%لا 0e n•تžا M# J6دR# $ي§ 6o J6دR# م¨] مد5تس4 To m7%ي 0تلا rا%ل7لا m# $يi7لا ”ا1Y r((m I ?Em+ I @aEr I 'a'+r I +p'+rE+)-+ ..
/04ªا mي9 T¢اق
¯)-(*)?aF,+ °(*)?aF,+
= j )++C .(m+ 'a'+r ?( arE?+ () .
.±¢6 21R%9 rWا• ا1Y
= ‚(* @aA+ >(? A+rB ,()> @aEr .
Zو™نل @aEr. .!7] $RXلا دt™ي —يح
= D@+B (HH+r+C m+ ?@+ u(F F+-a*.+ j @aC a ,(? (H
Zو™نل +p'+rE+)-+. .g$Sž 21R%9 0Y6 +p'+rE+)-+ .
= ‚(* -a)•? .E? @+r+. D@+r+ E.)•? r((m .
21R%9 .'a-+ .Mست#
= j -a)•? aaE?. j @aA+)•? >(? ?Em+ .
.m#زلا 21R%9
= j F(*>@? a 'a'+r ?( r+aC
rWا• ا1Y 'a'+r .gدي$• 21R%9
= D@+r+•. a @aEr E) mB .(*'
h9 Jوt™%لا a @aEr .gدحا6 g$Rش
= j @aC .(m+ E)?+r+.?E)> +p'+rE+)-+. a@E,+ j aa.
.04ايح 0e 0ل •›دح -¢اج4 21R%9 aaaB
= ‚(* -a) .?aB aE?@ *.€ ?@+r+ E. a .'ar+ r((m
ةe$§ 21R%9
= …)u(B B(*r @(,ECaB. I yaA+ a >((C ?Em+
g$# 21R%9
Exercises
% *ut in a + an or some where necessar, .
O = j•A+ .++) ||.. >((C HE,m. r+-+)?,B .
\ = {@+) j aa. |||.. -@E,C€ j *.+C ?( F+ A+rB .@B .
_ = {(*,C B(* ,EG+ ?( F+ ||.. a-?(r b
d = {@a? ||| F+a*?EH*, >arC+) ²
k = j•m >(E)> .@(''E)>. j aa)? ?( F*B ||.. )+a .@(+. .
% -hich of the underlined parts of these sentences is correct .
O = jH B(* aa)? ?( G)(a ?@+ )+a.€ B(* -a) r+aC P pape(]a pape( P .
\ = j @aC ?( F*B P a]s&me Q Fr+aC F+-a*.+ j aa)?+C ?( maG+ P an]s&me Q .a)CaE-@+. .
_ = Q ^&'( hai( is]^&'( hai(s a(e Q ?(( ,()>. ‚(* .@(*,C @aA+ P it]them Q -*? .
d = j?•. A+rB CEHHE-*,? ?( HE)C a P )&(_]K&* Q a? ?@+ m(m+)? .
k = {+ @aC P ve(y =&&? )eathe(]a ve(y =&&? )eathe( Q a@E,+ a+ a+r+ () @(,ECaB .
q = ~aC )+a. P ?&n@t]?&esn@t Q maG+ '+(',+ @a''B .

•hhhhh%hhh4

ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا دعاوق ) Grammar يويتشا ماسح .ا (
Relative Clauses
h9 01Rن اVا# ³&تي 2تح rاKي$Rتلا Š‹Y ةياد9 ’يلš . „+,a?EA+ °,a*.+.
= [ -,a*.+ E. a >r(*' (H a(rC. a@E-@ -()?aE). a .*Fu+-? a)C a A+rF a)C a@E-@ E. 'ar? (H a ,ar>+r .+)?+)-+ .
= [ r+,a?EA+ -,a*.+ ?+,,. *. a@E-@ '+r.() (r ?@E)> ( (r a@a? GE)C (H '+r.() (r ?@E)> ) ?@+ .'+aG+r m+a).. [,.(€ E? a-?.
a) aCu+-?EA+ z*a,EHBE)> +E?@+r a .*Fu+-? (r a) (Fu+-? .
`elative ,la'ses ,&nne,t&(s
. who + that + which + whose + where + when /
O = [ F*?-@+r E. .(m+F(CB. y+ .+,,. m+a? .
[ F*?-@+r E. .(m+F(CB )h&]that .+,,. m+a? .
!•ولا gاJo To ا1Y ®ح•ن a@(Ž?@a? .!قاRلا !عاKلا Tا7# •لح
\ = D@E. E. ?@+ F((G. j? ?a,G. aF(*? @E.?(rB .
D@E. E. ?@+ F((G that])hi,h ?a,G. aF(*? @E.?(rB .
!•ولا gاJo To ا1Y ®ح•ن ?@a?Ža@E-@ .!قاRلا $ي§ !عاKلا Tا7# •لح
_ = [) D@E. E. ?@+ ma). j m+? @Em B+.?+rCaB .
D@E. E. ?@+ ma) )h&]that j m+? B+.?+rCaB .
~) D@E. E. ?@+ F((G. j F(*>@? E? B+.?+rCaB .
D@E. E. ?@+ F((G )hi,h]that j F(*>@? B+.?+rCaB .
Zاi# To ®ح•ن _ m# Tو7%لا [´~ )U9 ZوRK%لا ةلاح 0e !•ولا gاJo mع –د"تي (Fu+-? )hلا n‹"ن ةلا"لا Š‹Y 0e6 < ( @Em€ E?€ |) r+,a?EA+ 'r()(*)
مد5تسن To m7%# U9 ZوRK%لا ةلاح 0e ’ل‹ل ةeا‰š a@(Ž?@a? ةل%جلا ³Stتe ا3e‹"ن To m7%# 6 !قاRلا M# D@E. E. ?@+ ma) j m+? B+.?+rCaB
) ا1e‹ح ا1نo ةل%جلا Š‹Y 0e ®ح•ن @Em) r+,a?EA+ 'r()(*) ) ا«&يo ا1e‹ح6 a@(Ž?@a?) r+,a?EA+ -,a*.+ Zاi# M# $#fا ’ل‹]6 ~ .!قاRلا $يغل
d = [ aEC(a E. a a(ma). y+r @*.Fa)C E. C+aC .
[ aEC(a E. a a(ma) )h&se @*.Fa)C E. C+aC .
To ا1Y ®ح•ن a@(.+ ) ةي7ل%لا $ي%‰ Tا7# !"4 (*r I B(*r I E?. I mB I @E. I @+r .(
k = D@E. E. ?@+ @(?+,. {+ .?aB+C E) E? ,a.? B+ar .
D@E. E. ?@+ @(?+, )he(e a+ .?aB+C ,a.? B+ar .
To ا1Y ®ح•ن a@+r+ .Tا7%لا ;tتل rWا•
q = j .aa ?@+ HE,m. j aa. E) NarE. a? ?@a? ?Em+ .
j .aa ?@+ HE,m )hen j aa. E) NarE. .
To ا1Y ®ح•ن a@+) .Uنا7# !"4 6 •قولا ;tتل rWا•
0 1xtra Information0 Clauses
@ Ext(a In%&(mati&n@ Ila'se `elative Ila'se
= ^B Fr(?@+r Jli€ )h& lives in a&n?&n€ E. a C(-?(r .
hلا To دجن ا1Y r+,a?EA+ -,a*.+ W0ش 6o µ5ش يo mع ان$S5ي ل
Uي1Rي ي‹لا µ5Xلا وY m# n$Rن ا1نf Uي1Rي Fr(?@+r [,E
hلا To دج1e r+,a?EA+ -,a*.+ rا#ولR# ا1يsRي ةل%جلا Š‹Y 0e
ةيeا‰š +p?ra E)H(rma?E() µ5Xلا mع [,E .
= D@+ a(ma) )h& lives next ?&&( E. a C(-?(r .
hلا Zاi%لا ا‹Y 0e r+,a?EA+ -,a*.+ µ5ش يo mع ان$S5ي
.Uي1Rي ي‹لا µ5Xلا ا‹Y ةK• 6o
Pةل%جe D@+ a(ma) a@( ,EA+. )+p? C((r ان$S54
.¶S&لا9 ا3ي1Rي 0تلا go$#ا يo mع
•hلا 0e (€) ةل•اKلا ماد5تا ®حل …p?ra j)H(rma?E() • °,a*.+ /¶9ا6$لا ةي™9 M# ةي4ªا ةلi#fا 2لš $نا 6
= {+ .?aB+C a? ?@+ Gra)C y(?+,€ )hi,h Jnn (e,&mmen?e? t& 's .
= D@E. m(r)E)> j m+? [@m+C€ )h&m])h& I ha?n@t seen %&( a=es .
= [mB€ )h&se ,a( ha? *(&_en ?&)n€ aa. E) a A+rB FaC m((C .
= ^r. ~(rC E. >(E)> ?( .'+)C a H+a a++G. E) …>B'?€ )he(e he( ?a'=hte( lives .
مد5تسن To ¦جي !قاRلا !عاKلا ةلاح 0e a@( مد5تسن ل 6 ¶™e ?@a? ¶™e مد5تسن !قاRلا $ي§ !عاKلا M#6 < a@E-@ مد5تسن ل6 ?@a? ’لV 6
• ة™ي$˜ 0e …p?ra j)H(rma?E()• °,a*.+ .
Exercises
Ih&&se the ,&((e,t ans)e( .
O = j aa?-@+C ?@+ HE,m B+.?+rCaB P )h& ; )hi,h ; )he(e ; )hen Q a() HEA+ 'rE·+. .
\ = {@a? E. ?@+ )am+ (H ?@+ .-@((, P )h& ; )hi,h ; )he(e ; )h&se Q B(*r .() >(+. ?( b
_ = [ aa?-@ E. .(m+?@E)> P that )e 'se ; )hen )e 'se ; that )e 'se it Q ?( ?+,, ?@+ ?Em+ .
I&mplete the %&ll&)in= senten,es )ith s'ita*le (elative ,la'se .
O = [) (r'@a) E. a -@E,C ||||||||. Nar+)?. ar+ C+aC .
\ = [ -+m+?+rB E. a ',a-+ ||||||. N+(',+ ar+ F*rE+C .
_ = D@+ ',a-+ ||||||. {+ .'+)? (*r @(,ECaB. aa. r+a,,B F+a*?EH*, .
•hhhhhhhhh%hhhhhhh4

) ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا دعاوق Grammar يويتشا ماسح .ا (
@ Have' & ' Have got @
T89 Zو™لا Mيsتسن @aA+Ž@aA+ >(? To —ي"9 (’لت%ي ) 21R%لا œKن 2لš Tايحوي @aA+ >(? ا#o ةيناsي$Sلا ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا 0e مد5تس4 @aA+ 0e مد5تس4
.ةي7ي$#fا ةيزيلجنŸا ةغللا
g¢اي ’ل#o انo j•A+ >(? a -ar c j @aA+ a -ar
g¢اي ’ل%ي وY y+ @a. >(? a -ar c y+ @a. a -ar
j @aA+ >(? a @+aCa-@+ c j @aA+ a @+aCa-@+
bave bave =&t
`( B(* @aA+ a -ar b
`(+. @+ @aA+ a -ar b
yaA+ B(* >(? a -ar

•(€ j C()•? @aA+ a -ar .
•(€ @+ C(+.)•? @aA+ a -ar .
•(€ j @aA+)•? >(? a -ar
•(€ @+ @a.)•? >(? a -ar
‚+.€ j C(. Ž •(€ j C()•? .
‚+.€ @+ C(+.. Ž •(€ @+ C(+.)•? .
‚+.€ j @aA+. Ž •(€ j @aA+)•?
‚+.€ @+ @a..Ž •(€ @+ @a.)•?

ماد5تا Mيsتسن @aA+ œيل6 @aA+ >(? /ةي4ªا Zاوحfا 0e
a-?EAE?B (r a @aFE? mع $SR4 O = yaA+ c )(*) ¤
Fr+aGHa.? I CE))+r I a -*' (H -(HH++ I a -E>ar+??+ I a Fa?@ I a .@(a+r
yaA+ a .aEm I a r+.? I a 'ar?B I a @(,ECaB I a )E-+ ?Em+ I a) a--EC+)?
a) +p'+rE+)-+ I a Cr+am I a ,((G I a -@a? I a FaFB I CEHHE-*,?B = H*)

…p. `( B(* aa)? ?( @aA+ a CrE)G ¢دt%لا b \ = ?( ´ E)HE)E?EA+
…p. j HE)C @aAE)> )( -ar A+rB E)-()A+)E+)? h9 03ت1%لا !RKلا يo ) . E)> )_= •E)>• H(rm
…p. L@+ a()•? @aA+ a >((C -@a)-+ ةtقا1لا ZاRefا دR9 . d = [H?+r m(C+, A+rF.
Zو™نل ) @aC >(? ) …p. [C+, @aC ,()> @aEr a@+) @+ aa. a -@E,C مد5تسن ل gJاع . >(? k= j) ?@+ 'a.? a+ *.+ ( @aC (
gJاع مد5تسن 0‰ا%لا m#زلا 0e 0K1لا 6o Zا‘سلا د1ع CECŽCEC)•? ((
…p. j @aC a FE-B-,+ a@+) j aa. B(*)> .
`EC B(* @aA+ a )E-+ a++G+)C b
j CEC)•? @aA+ a)B m()+B a@+) j aa. a .?*C+)? .
: cTdا eXf gGاh
O = j @aA+ a .@(a+r +A+rB m(r)E)>. \= j•A+ >(? a .@(a+r .
.ا«شJ 6o ا«#ا%ح ’ل#o 01نo 01Rتe ةيناiلا ا#o < ¸اS• !] ا«شJ 6o ا«#ا%ح ‹ž¬ 01نo 01R4 2ل6fا ةل%جلا
: ij6G eE رkE
O = j *.*a,,B @aA+ a .a)CaE-@ H(r mB ,*)-@. \= j @aA+ >(? .(m+ .a)CaE-@+.. {(*,C B(* ,EG+ ()+ b
Exercises
l&ti,e that PhaveQ an? Phave =&tQ a(e 'se? in ?i%%e(ent )ays in the m'esti&nO sh&(t ans)e( an? ne=ative %&(ms .
$ % #s) and answer 2uestions a(out the following .
a -am+ra I Fr(?@+r. a)C .E.?+r. I a .?+r+( I B(*r 'ar+)?.Ž a @(,ECaB @(m+
a -(m'*?+r I B(*r .E.?+rŽ a -ar I a FE-B-,+ I B(*r Fr(?@+rŽ a m(?(rFEG+
& % Choose the correct answer .
= j *.*a,,B P have ; have =&t ; havin= =&t Q a .@(a+r +A+rB CaB .
= y+ P has ; has =&t ; ha? Q @E. Fr+aGHa.? a? +E>@? +A+rB CaB .
= ya. @+ >(? a -am+rab ‚+.€ @+ P have ; ?&es ; has ; has =&t P .
' % Rewrite the following using the words in (rac)ets to give the same meaning .
= D@+B C()•? @aA+ a)B -@E,Cr+). P =&t P
= D@+ @(*.+ @a.)•? >(? a >arC+). P ?&esn@t P
= `(+. [,E @aA+ a -arb P =&t P
3 % 4oo) at the wrong sentences and compare them with the right sentences .
= j•A+ >(? a .@(a+r E) ?@+ m(r)E)> .( ) j @aA+ a .@(a+r E) ?@+ m(r)E)> ( ) .
= {@a? ?Em+ @aA+ B(* >(? ,*)-@b ( ) {@a? ?Em+ C( B(* @aA+ ,*)-@ ( ) b
•hhhhhhh%hhhhhh4

You're Reading a Free Preview

تحميل
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->