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Identification guide for butterflies of West Java

- Families Papilionidae, Pieridae and Nymphalidae compiled by Dr. Christian H. Schulze

________________________________________________________ Notes: Only one sex figured when species without sexual dimorphism Wing underside only figured when helpful for identification

Butterfly families
Papilionidae (swallowtails)
many but not all species with hindwing tails; wings usually black with and prominently marked with white or a bright colour; strong on the wing; males of some species congregate in large numbers at moist spots on the ground

Pieridae (whites and sulphurs)


mostly white, yellow or orange-yellow; in many of the white species, the underside of the hindwing brightly coloured;

Nymphalidae
four-footed butterflies because forlegs are much reduced an cannot be used for walking

Lycaenidae
forelegs reduced compared to other legs, but in females fore-tarsus five-segmented, clawed and fully functional; in male foretarsus normally reduced to single segment; early stages often associated with ants

Hesperidae (skippers)
antennae generally curved or hooked

Papilionidae: Troides, Atrophaneura, Losaria, Pachliopta, Chilades

T. amphrysus amphrysus

T. cuneifera cuneifera

T. helena helena T. vandepolli vandepolli

A. nox nox

A. sycorax pariwononis

A. priapus priapus

(aenigma W. Malaysia)

L. coon coon

P. aristolochiae adamas

Ch. paradoxa paradoxa

Papilionidae: Papilio, Meandrusa, Graphium

P. demolion demolion

P. nephelus nephelus

P. helenus enganius

P. paris gedeensis

P. karna karna

P. peranthus peranthus

P. polytes javanus

P. memnon memnon

V P. lampsacus lampsacus M. payeni payeni

Papilionidae: Graphium, Lamproptera

G. empedovana empedovana

G. sarpedon sarpedon

G. doson evemonides

(orthia Sumatra, Borneo)

G. evemon evemon

V G. eurypylus mecisteus

G. arycles arycles

V G. bathycles bathycles

G. agamemnon agamemnon

G. aristeus hermocrates

G. antiphates alcibiades

G. macareus macareus

G. delesserti delesserti

L. curius curius L. curius curius

L. meges meges

Pieridae: Coliadinae: Gandaca, Eurema, Catopsilia, Hebomoia, Pareronia, Leptosia

G. harina harina

E. brigitta drona

E. hecabe sankapura

E. alitha

E. blanda blanda

E. sari sari

E. tilaha tilaha

C. scylla scylla

C. pyranthe pyranthe

C. pomona

Pieridae: Pierinae: Hebomoia, Pareronia, Leptosia

L. nina chlorographa

H. glaucippe javanensis

P. valeria valeria

Pieridae: Pierinae: Delias, Prioneris


(ssp. huphinoides, SW Sumatra)

D. hyparete hyparete

D. periboea periboea

D. momea momea
(ssp. bromo)

(f. erubescens)

(ssp. glauce, Sumatra)

D. belisama belisama
(ssp. triglites) (ssp. pasithoe)

D. crithoe crithoe

D. pasithoe egialea

D. dorylaea dorylaea

P. autothisbe autothisbe

P. philonome philonome

Pieridae: Pierinae: Appias, Saletara


(ssp. enarete)

A. lyncida lyncida
ssp. indra ssp. indra

A. albina albina

A. indra lucasi
ssp. galene ssp. galene

A. nero nero

A. paulina

S. liberia panda

ssp. aemilia

A. leptis leptis

A. pandione pandione

Pieridae: Pierinae: Cepora, Belenois, Ixias


(ssp. lenitas)

C. temena tamar
(ssp. nerissa) (ssp. nerissa)

C. iudith iudith
(ssp. nerissa)

C. nerissa corva

B. java java

I. venilia venilia I. pyrene balice

Nymphalidae: Amathusiinae: Faunis, Amathusia, Taenaris, Amathuxidia, Zeuxidia, Thaumantis, Discophora


ssp. arcesilas

F. canens canens (ssp. chersia)

Ta. horsfieldi horsfieldi

Th. odana odana

As. phidippus phidippus

As. taenia taenia

Ax. amythaon pylaon

Z. dohrni dohrni

Z. luxeri luxeri

D. sondaica sondaica

D. celinde celinde

D. necho necho

Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Melanitis, Lethe


ssp.? ssp.? ssp. tambra

Underside
M. leda simessa
f. decolorata ssp.? ssp. gnophodes

M. phedima phedima
ssp. niladana ssp. niladana

M. zitenius ambasara
ssp. yoga ssp. yoga

L. europa europa
ssp. apara

L. rohria anunda

L. samio
ssp. chandica

L. confusa godana
ssp. chandica

L. minerva minerva

L. chandica marga

L. manthara

L. darena darena

Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Neorina, Erites, Orsotriaena, Mycalesis


ssp. rotundata

E. medura medura

E. argentina fruhstorferi
ssp. medus

R. makuta makuta N. crishna crishna


ssp. ?

O. medus cinerea

M. oroatis oroatis
ssp. adustata

M. nala

M. sudra sudra

M. fuscum diniche
ssp. typhlus

M. moorei
ssp. hermana

M. perseus cepheus

M. horsfieldi horsfieldi

M. janardana janardana

Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Ypthima, Elymnias


ssp.? ssp.?

Y. philomela philomela

Y. baldus horsfieldi

Y. iarba eupheites
ssp. sertorius

Y. nigricans

Y. pandocus pandocus

E. panthera dusara
figured by Roepke ssp. fraterna (Sri Lanka) ssp. tonkittiana (China)

E. dara bengena

E. hypermnestra hypermnestra
ssp. alumna

E. nesaea nesaea

Most likely wing pattern of female differs significantly from figured ssp.!

Elymnias casiphone casiphone

Elymnias kamara kamara

Nymphalidae: Satyrinae: Elymnias

E. ceryx ceryx

E. kuenstleri gauroides

E. esaca maheswara

Nymphalidae: Danainae: Ideopsis, Idea, Danaus, Parantica

Ideopsis gaura gaura


ssp. hypermnestra

Ideopsis juventa juventa

Ideopsis vulgaris
ssp. leuconoe

Idea hypermnestra belia


ssp. chrysippus

Idea stolli stolli


ssp. sumatrana

Idea leuconoe javana


ssp. malayana

D. chrysippus bataviana

D. melanippus melanippus

D. genutia intense

D. affinis artenice

ssp. leopardus

ssp. microsticta

T. limniace conjucta

T. septentrionis myrsilos

P. aspasia aspasia

Nymphalidae: Danainae: Parantica, Euploea


ssp. agleoides

P. albata albata

P. pseudomelaneus

P. agleoides furius
ssp. modesta

E. modesta ssp.? E. gamelia


ssp. core ssp. andamanensis

E. core haworthi
ssp. coreta

E. midamus rafflesi
ssp. harrissii

E. algea wallengreni
alcathoe / eyndhovii?

E. caramalzeman hypanis

E. sylvester spp.?

E. alcathoe

Nymphalidae: Danainae: Euploea


ssp. rolanda ssp. eucalla

E. phaenarete pavettae
ssp. radamanthus

E. eleusina eleusina
ssp. koxinga

E. leucostictos leucogonis
ssp. ledereri

E. radamanthus alcidice E. tulliolus mazares


ssp. macleari ssp. palmedo

E. climena sepulchralis E. mulciber basilissa

Nymphalidae: Libytheinae: Libythea


ssp. rama

L. myrrha myrrha

L. narina narina

L. geoffroyi geoffroyi

Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Symbrenthia, Vanessa, Kaniska, Junonia, Yoma, Rhinopalpa, Doleschallia


ssp. violetta ssp. violetta ssp. chersonesia ssp. chersonesia

S. anna spp.?

S. hypatia ssp.?

S. hippoclus hippocla

S. hypselis redosilla

V. dejeani dejeani

V. cardui cardui

K. canace javanica

J. atlites atlites

J. iphita horsfieldi

J. almana almana (=javana)

J. erigone erigone

J. orithya minogara

J. hedonia ida

Y. sabina javanica
ssp. ceylonica

ssp. ?

ssp. ?

R. polynice elpinice

D. bisaltide bisaltide

Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Kallima, Hypolimnas, Amnosia, Stibochiona

K. paralecta paralecta

H. anomala anomala

H. misippus misippus

H. bolina bolina

A. decora decora

S. coresia coresia

Nymphalidae: Limenitinae: Pantoporia, Lasippa


ssp. hordonia ssp. doronia ssp. hordonia ssp. ? ssp. ?

P. hordonia pardus
ssp. cambodja

L. heliodore roepkei

L. tiga tiga

L. monata monata

Nymphalidae: Limenitinae: Neptis, Phaedyma


ssp. cindia

?
N. ilira ria
ssp. miah

N. omeroda omeroda
ssp. miah ssp. miah

N. vikasi vikasi
ssp. varmona

N. miah javanica
ssp. nesia ssp. nesia ssp. leuconata ssp. leuconata

N. hylas matula
ssp. adipala

N. duryodana dike
ssp. cresina

N. clinia phrasylas

N. nata nandina
ssp. clinioides

N. leucoporus aletophone
ssp. magadha

N. nisaea nisaea

N. clinioides luca
ssp. ?

N. magadha pasiphae

Neptis anjana zena

P. columella bataviana

Nymphalidae: Limenitinae: Athyma, Moduza, Lebadea, Parthenos, Ariadne, Laringa, Chersonesia


ssp. pravara

At. pravara esra

At. perius perinus ssp. matanga ssp. clerica

At. asura latecincta ssp. lada ssp. lada

At. larymna larymna

At. abiasa abiasa ssp. procris

At. selenophora jadava

At. nefte nefte

M. procris neutra

L. martha alankara

P. sylvia sylvicola

Ar. ariadne ariadne

Ar. specularia specularia

Ar. isaeus lysias

L. horsfieldi horsfieldi C. rahria rahria

C. peraka

Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Cyrestis, Dichorragia, Lexias, Tanaecia, Euthalia


ssp. ? ssp. themire

C. nivea nivea

C. lutea lutea ssp. ?

C. themire horsfieldi ssp. ?

D. nesimachus mannus ssp. helicophila ssp. ?

ssp. merguia

Lexias dirtea spp.?


figured by Roepke ssp. superba (Sumatra)

T. pelea ssp.?
figured by Roepke

T. palguna palguna
ssp. ambalika

T. godartii javana

T. trigerta trigerta

T. japis japis

E. monina salia

E. agnis agnis

E. mahadeva mahadeva

Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Euthalia, Dophla, Bassarona


ssp. bunaya

E. adonia adonia
ssp. mariae ssp. mariae ssp. malaccana

E. anosia yenadora
ssp. malaccana

E. whiteheadi culminicola
ssp. vasanta

E. malaccana dharma

E. aconthea aconthea

E. alpheda alpheda

ssp. evelina

ssp. goodrichi

D. evelina sikandi

B. dunya mahara

B. teuta eion

Nymphalidae: Apaturinae: Rohana, Helcyra, Eulaceura, Herona, Hestina, Euripus


f. nilka

R. nakula nakula ssp. camiba ssp. sumatrana

R. parisatis javana ssp. kumana

Herona sumatrana pringondani

Eulaceura osteria osteria

Hestina mimetica mimetica

Helcyra hemina masinia

Euripus nyctelius javanus

Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Acraea, Cethosia


ssp. picta

A. issoria vestoides
ssp. batuensis

C. biblis javana

ssp. methypsea

C. hypsea munjava

C. penthesilea penthesilea

Nymphalidae: Argynninae: Terinos, Vindula, Cupha, Cirrochroa, Vagrans, Phalantha, Algia, Argynnis ssp. chersonesia ssp. erotella
ssp. terpander

T. terpander piepersi T. clarissa clarissa

V. erota gedeana
ssp. emalea ssp. mithila

V. dejone javana

C. erymantis synnara

C. emalea bajadeta
ssp. ? ssp. ?

C. tyche rotundata

C. clagia clagia
different ssp.

P. phalantha

P. alcippe drepana

V. egista macromalayana

Ar. hyperbius javanica Al. fasciata bibilis

Nymphalidae: Charaxinae: Prothoe, Polyura, Charaxes


ssp. tisamenus ssp. plautus

Prothoe franck franck


ssp. athamas

Polyura schreiber schreiber

Polyura dehaani dehaani


ssp. moori ssp. moori

Polyura athamas attalus


ssp. ?

Polyura hebe fallax


ssp. ? ssp. nicholiii

Polyura moori javana

Polyura delphis cygnus

Ch. durnfordi staudingeri


ssp. hierax

Ch. harmodius harmodius

Ch. bernardus baya