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Sec.1.

Judicial Power - the power to apply laws to contests or disputes concerning legally recoverable rights/duties between the state and private persons or between individual litigants in cases properly brought before judicial tribunals. Scope of Judicial Power:
Adjudicatory Power Power of Judicial Review Incidental Powers

Judicial Power is vested in 1 Supreme Court --- Constitutional Court

Sandiganbayan, CA, RTC, and MTC --- Statutory or lower courts

Supreme Court Court of Appeals

Regional Trial Courts

MTC s, MMTC, MCTC

Section 2. Jurisdiction of Courts


y Jurisdiction is the power and authority of a court to

hear,try and decide a case it may be:

General
Limited Original

Appellate
Exclusive

Criminal

Civil Concurrent

y Section 3. Fiscal Autonomy

-insures the independence of the judiciary. The appropriations for it may not be reduced but they may be increased. This assures that the minimal funding requirements of the judiciary will be met.
y Section 4.Compositon of the Supreme Court

The new constitution retained the membership of the SC of fifteen members including the Chief Justice from the 1973 Charter

Cases to be heard or decided en banc and vote required


Constitutionality of a treaty Involving constitutionality of pres. Decrees./ordinances & regulations

Administrative cases; dismissal of a lower court judge

Reversing or modifying a doctrine or principle of law

Section 5.Powers of the Supreme Court


y Exercise original jurisdiction over cases affecting ambassadors y Review, reverse or modify on appeal or certiorari as the laws or the y y y y

rules of court may provide To assign temporarily judges of lower courts to other stations which shall not exceed 6 months without the said judges consent. Order a change of venue or place of trial to avoid miscarriage of justice Promulgate rules concerning the protection and enforcement of Constitutional rights. Appoint all officials and employees of the judiciary in accordance with the Civil Service Law.

Section 6.Administrative supervision of Supreme Court over all courts and personnel thereof.
Section 7. Qualifications of members of the Supreme Court and Lower courts.
A member of the Supreme court must be at least 40 y/o. A natural-born citizen of the Philippines Must have been 15 yrs. Or more a judge of a lower court or engage in the practice of law in the Philippines.

A natural-born citizen of the Philippines

Section 8. Creation of the Judicial Bar and Council


y Created under the supervision of the supreme court. y Composed of the Chief justice, Secretary of Justice,

and Rep. of Congress, Rep. of the Integrated Bar, a professor of law, a retired member of the SC, and a Rep. of the private Sector. y Its regular members shall be appointed by the President with a term of four years. y Its principal functions shall be recommendation of appointees to the judiciary.

1-3 give the scopes of judicial power 4. What is the minimum age requirement to be member of the Supreme Court. 5. How many members does the supreme court have? 6. T or F the Supreme court is a Statutory court. 7. T or F Jurisdiction is the power & authority of a Court to decide a Case. 8. T or F The Supreme court may Order a change of venue or

place of trial to avoid miscarriage of justice 9. T or F the Supreme Court can Appoint officials and employees of the judiciary in not in accordance with the Civil Service Law. 10. T or F the regular members shall be appointed by the President with a term of five years.