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MAX232 Single Supply Voltage, RS-232 Transceiver

DESCRIPTION
MAX232 is compatible with RS-232 standard, and consists of dual transceiver. Each receiver converts TIA/EIA-232-E levels into 5V TTL/CMOS levels. Each driver converts TTL/COMS levels into TIA/EIA-232-E levels. The MAX232 is characterized for operation from -40C to +85C for all packages. MAX232 is purposed for application in high-performance information processing systems and control devices of wide application.

PIN CONFIGURATION
C1+ V+ C1C2+ C2VT2 OUT R2 IN 1 2 3 4 MAX232 5 6 7 8 12 R1 OUT 11 T1 IN 16 VCC 15 GND 14 T1 OUT 13 R1 IN

10 T2 IN 9 R2 OUT

(Top View)

FEATURES
Input voltage levels are compatible with standard MOS levels Output voltage levels are compatible with EIA/TIA-232-E levels Single Supply voltage: 5V Low input current: 0.1A at A= 25 Output current: 24mA Latching current not less than 450mA at A= 25 The transmitter outputs and receiver inputs are protected to 15kV Air ESD

APPLICATION
Battery-Powered RS232 Systems Terminals Modems Computers

ORDERING INFORMATION
Temperature Range Package SOP16L DIP16L Orderable Device MAX232D Pb-Free MAX232DR MAX232N Package Qty 50Units/Tube 3000Units/R&T 25Units/Tube

-40C to +85C

April. 2007 Rev 1.1

MAX232
PIN DESCRIPTION
No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Name C1+ V+ C1C2+ C2VT2OUT R2IN R2OUT T2IN T1IN R1OUT R1IN T1OUT GND VCC Function External capacitance of positive voltage multiplier unit Output of positive voltage of multiplier unit External capacitance of positive voltage multiplier unit External capacitance of negative voltage multiplier unit External capacitance of negative voltage multiplier unit Output of negative voltage of multiplier unit Output of transmitter data (levels RS 232) Input of receiver data (levels RS 232) Output of receiver data (levels TTL/CMOS) Input of transmitter data (levels TTL/CMOS) Input of transmitter data (levels TTL/CMOS) Output of receiver data (levels TTL/CMOS) Input of receiver data (levels RS 232) Output of transmitter data (levels RS 232) Ground Supply voltage

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Parameter Supply voltage Transmitter high output voltage Transmitter low output voltage Transmitter input voltage Receiver input voltage DIP package Dissipated power SOP package Symbol VCC V+ VVTIN VRIN PD ISC stg
-60

Min
-0.3 VCC -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -30

Max
6.0 14 -14 (V+) + 0.3 30 842 762 Continuously 150

Unit
V V V V V mW mA

Output current of transmitter short circuit Storage temperature ranges

RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS


Parameter Supply voltage Transmitter output high voltage Transmitter output low voltage Transmitter input voltage Receiver input voltage Transmitter short circuit output current
April. 2007 Rev 1.1

Symbol VCC V+ VVTIN VRIN ISC

Min
4.5 5.0 -5.0 0 -30

Max
5.5

Unit
V V V

VCC
30 60

V V mA

MAX232
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter Supply Current Receiver Hysteresis voltage On (operation) voltage Off (dropout) voltage Output low voltage Output high voltage Input resistance Transmitter Output low voltage Output high voltage Input low current Input high current Speed of output front change Output resistance Short circuit output current Speed of information transmission VOL VOH IIL IIH SR R I SC V = 4.5V, V IH = 2.0V, R L = 3.0k V = 4.5V, V IL = 2.0V, R L = 3.0k V =5.5V, V IL = 0V V =5.5V, V IH = V -5.2 5.2 -1.0 1.0 5.0 -10.0 10.0 -5.0 V V A A Vh Von Voff VOL VOH RI V CC =5.0V V O 0.1V, I OL 20 mA V O V CC -0.1 V, I OH -20 mA I OL = 3.2m, V = 4.5V, V IH = 2.4V I OH = -1.0m, V = 4.5V, V IL = 0.8V V CC =5.0V 0.8
0.3

Symbol ICC

Test Conditions V CC =5.0V, V IL = 0V

25C

-40C to +85C 14.0

Unit mA

Min Max Min Max 10.0

0.2 0.9 0.2 1.0 2.4 0.9 0.4 3.5 2.3

V V V V V k

3.6

3.0 7.0 3.0 7.0

ST

V =5.0V, L =50 ~ 1000pF 3.0 30 2.7 27 V/s R L = 3.0 ~ 7.0k V = V+ = V- = 0 V, 350 300 V O = 2V -60 V I = V -50 V =5.5V mA 50 VI = 0 V 60 V O = 0V V =4.5V, L = 1000pF kbits/s 120 R L = 3.0k, t W = 7ms (for 140 extreme t W = 8ms)

AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter Signal propagation delay time when switching on (off) Signal propagation delay time when switching on (off)
April. 2007 Rev 1.1

Symbol

Test Conditions V = 4.5V, L = 150pF V IL = 0V, V IH = 3.0V t LH = t HL 10ns V = 4.5V, L = 150pF V IL = 0V, V IH = 3.0V t LH = t HL 10 ns

25C

-40C to +85C

Unit

Min Max Min Max tPHLR (tPLHR) tPHLT (tPLHT) 9.7 10 ms

5.0

6.0

ms

MAX232
CAPACITANCE
Parameter Input capacitance Dynamic capacitance Symbol CIN
CPD

Test Conditions
Vcc=5.0V

Value
9.0 90

Unit
pF pF

TIMING DIAGRAM
+3V

Rin

1.5V

1.5V

0V

VOH

0.5VCC Rout

0.5VCC

VOL

tPHLR

tPLHR

Figure 1. Waveforms for tPHLR and tPLHR Measurement

+3V

Tin

1.5V

1.5V

0V

VOH

1.5V Tout

1.5V

VOL

tPHLT

tPLHT

Figure 2. Waveforms for tPHLT and tPLHT Measurement

April. 2007 Rev 1.1

MAX232
TYPICAL APPLICATION

5V 0.1F

+ + 0.1F

16 1 + 0.1F C13 + 0.1F C25 4 C2+ V6 0.1F + C1+ V+ 2

11

14

T1IN
TTL / CMOS Input 10 7

T1OUT
RS-232 Output

T2IN

T2OUT

12

R1OUT
TTL / CMOS Output 5k 9

13

R1IN
RS-232 Input

R2OUT
5k 15

R2IN

Figure 4. Application circuit

April. 2007 Rev 1.1

MAX232
PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS
SOP16L
A1 A2 A3

D1
B2

B1

D2

1 A

R2

2
C1

R1

C2

Symbol A A1 A2 A3 B B1 B2 C C1 C2 C3

Dimension(mm) Min 9.90 0.36 Max 10.10 0.46 1.27(TYP) 0.35(TYP) 5.84 3.84 6.24 4.04 5.00(TYP) 1.55 1.35 0.61 0.54 0.10 0.71 0.64 0.25

C3

Symbol C4 D D1 D2 R1 R2 1 2 3 4

Dimension(mm) Min Max 0.20(TYP) 1.05(TYP) 0.40 0.22 0.70 0.42 0.15(TYP) 0.15(TYP) 8 (TYP) 8 (TYP) 4 (TYP) 15 (TYP)

April. 2007 Rev 1.1

C4

MAX232
DIP16L
D2 A

C5

D1
D

C4

C2

C1
C3

A5

A1

A3 A2 A4

Symbol A A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 B C1 C2
April. 2007 Rev 1.1

Dimension(mm) Min 19.05 Max 19.45 1.52(TYP) 0.46(TYP) 2.54(TYP) 0.51(TYP) 0.99(TYP) 6.20 3.30 6.60 3.70 0.51(TYP)

Symbol C3 C4 C5 D D1 D2 1 2

Dimension(mm) Min 3.00 3.85 8.10 0.20 Max 3.60 4.45 0.80(TYP) 8.60 0.35 7.62 (TYP) 8 (TYP) 5 (TYP)