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العدد الثالث من المجلة العلمية للأكاديمية

العدد الثالث من المجلة العلمية للأكاديمية

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منشور بواسطةnemra1
المجلة العلمية للأكاديمية
المجلة العلمية للأكاديمية

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Published by: nemra1 on Oct 25, 2008
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10/04/2012

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ةـحوـتفلا ةيبرـعلا ةييداـكلا ةـلم

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أ . د . يـلاـيحلا ديــلو
ريرحتلا ريتركس :
أ . م . د . ينادوـسلا نـسح
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أ . د . دبع هللا غــئاصلا
أ . د . راــصن!أ نيسح
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أ . م . د . مــتاـح ي%ـ&ل
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Abstract:-
Comparing Efficiency of Maim!m "i#e$i%oo& Estimation an& 'ayesian
Estimation in Estimating Abi$ity (arameter )ti$i*ing +%ree "ogistic Mo&e$,
The aim of the study was to compare efficiency of maximum likelihood
estimation and Bayesian estimation in estimating ability parameter utiliing three
logistic model! "or the purpose of this study a mental ability test# which was
de$eloped in a pre$ious study was used!%oftware Bilog-M& was used to analye
the data! The findings were as follows'
1! (ccuracy of ability parameter estimates increases for high truncated ability
sample and low truncated ability sample# when Bayesian Method was
applied comparing with estimates generated by applying maximum
likelihood estimation regardless of items number!
2! (ccuracy of ability parameter estimates increases when Bayesian Method
was applied comparing with estimates generated by applying maximum
likelihood estimation# pro$ided that the a$erage of items difficulty matching
the a$erage of the respondents ability mean!
3! (ccuracy of ability parameter estimates increases when maximum
likelihood estimations method was applied comparing with estimates
generated by applying Bayesian Method when all items pool was used#
where as# Bayesian Method become more efficient when shorter test
employed!
4! )hen items difficulty mean and respondent ability mean differ significantly#
maximum likelihood method become more efficient than Bayesian Method#
pro$ided that respondents ability matching item difficulty!
The study recommends to in$estigate efficiency of maximum likelihood
estimation and Bayesian *stimation Method by doing further research based on
another designs!
-ey .or&' Maximum +ikelihood *stimation# Bayesian *stimation# Three
+ogistic Model!
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ببضملا قطنملا دامتعا مت "uy +ogic ىلع هسسأ تيسرأ ،يبوساح يجمرب قطنم ةغايص ي
ي ةر!ملا ةم"نمب #اد$ا ميي%ت ي &دمت!ملا 'ييا%ملا ا(تطساوب ت)*"و ةي%طنمو ةيضاير تايم+راو,
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ا(تلوانت يتلا تاري;تملا /يب ةمي%ملا تا8:!لا ملا!م ديدحتل ةي%طنملا دعاو%لا /م ةعومجم ت;يص
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/يب تحوارت B ةمد%تملا /ادلبلا ي ا(ت:ي2م ا(يل> تلصو 3ž C ¸£ 7DE
Abstract
"uy +ogic was adopted in the formulation of the logic of a computer bug# laid
founded on mathematical and logical algorithms employed whereby standards
adopted in assessing the performance of knowledge organiation in the digital
en$ironment (rabic! (ddressing the template proposed study the impact of'
cogniti$e en$ironment# and space knowledge# and knowledge societies# knowledge
and processes pre$ailing as inputs affect the efficient performance! ‹a$ing
formulated a set of rules for determining the parameters of logical relationships
between $ariables resident addressed by the study# and determine its implications
for the efficient functioning of the knowledge ! ‘esults showed that reached
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1! Benne!, A.,(2""2), Building the Knowledge Enterprise, Depa-!/en! o)
.*e Na12, @.S.A., 2""2.
2! Benne!, Da1i' A Ale0,(2""1), The Rise Of Knowledge Organization, A
Pape- Appea-e' A% A C*ap!e- In B+no,le'e 6anae/en!: .*e
Ca!al2%! 4o- Ele$!-oni$ Co1e-n/en!D, 6a2 2""1.
3! Be-&an,R.C., A S.L. .-uba!$*,(1::;), Fuzzy Systems esign !rin"iples,
IEEE P-e%%, @SA , 1::;.
4! Be5'e&, 9.C. ,(1::8),Fuzzy #odels - $hat %re They& and $hy'& IEEE
.-an%a$!ion% on 4u552 S2%!e/%, Eol. 1, No. 1, 4eb-ua-2 1::8 .
ž! 3o)e--Al)ei%, 9.,(2""1), Strategi" #anagement Of The Knowledge
Enterprise, Co-po-a!e +no,le'e 6anae/en!, Sie/en% AC,2""1.
¸! 6a!* ,o-&% In$., (2""1), Fuzzy (ogi" Tool)o*, 4o- 6A.LAB Relea%e
12, Ele$!-oni$ (nline Re)e-en$e.
—! S$*nei'e-, 6, A. +an'el , C. Lan*ol5 A C. C*e,,(1::>), Fuzzy E*pert
System Tools, 9o*n ?ile2, @SA, 1::>.
}! Spanolo,4.,(2""8), Fuzzy (ogi"& Fuzzy Thin+ing %nd The
Tea"hing,(earning Of #athemati"s In #ulti"ultural Situations& .*e
6a!*e/a!i$% E'u$a!ion In!o .*e 21%! Cen!u-2 P-oje$! P-o$ee'in% ()
.*e In!e-na!ional Con)e-en$e .*e De$i'able An' .*e @n'e$i'able In
6a!*e/a!i$% E'u$a!ion ,B-no, C5e$* Republi$, Sep!e/be-, 2""8.
|! ?oo', I.6.,(2""1), -reating The .etwor+ed Organization, eAI 9ou-nal,
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Abstract -:
+i$ing# not to say sur$i$ing# the «igital ‘e$olution and being exposed to the winds
of &lobalisation make the study of ²ŽœT affecting %M*s a rewarding Åob !
œan it be otherwiseÒ ¼nowing that %M*s account for |žÆ as far as $alue-added
and &²™ generation are concerned! +ikewise# the same %M*s pro$ide most of the
local labour force !
¬n another scale# large œorporations and Multinationals adopted earlier the ²ŽœT
in order first to consolidate their competiti$e positions and second to enhance their
performance at large !
Meanwhile# de$elopments in the Žnternet and the *lectronic œommerce €*!œ!z ha$e
gi$en %M*s a golden opportunity should they want to benefit positi$ely from
&lobalisation especially as regard to international Market niches !
(n empirical study has been conducted by the author in the )ilaya €œountyz of
&hardaia €%outhern (lgeriaz with the ultimate aim of sur$eying the local %M*s
managersº perception and attitudes towards *!œ !
Žt seems that# these managersº perception and attitudes are on the whole positi$e!
‹owe$er# due mainly to poor endowment in material and technical factors as well
as the en$ironment inadeªuacy either economically# financially# institutionally and
legally those %M*s cannot adopt currently *!œ! solutions !
•nfortunately# it follows a Ñ«igital MarginalisationÑ and a failure when it comes to
take up the challenge of Ñbecoming globalÑ for the studied %M*s !

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Abstract -:
The maÅor aim for the following research was done to disco$er of feeling in
Ždentity crises for the Žraªi s immigrants people li$ing in %weden through the
differences in sample responding according to sex $ariance €male-femalez! To
achie$e this aim a ªuestioner was used with €34z item to measure identity crises
for this people li$ing in the middle and south %weden ۆrbro' komla and halsbiri
# ¼almar and parts of MalmÝz ! The results showed that there is high feeling in
identity crises and about €}£#2¸Æz from the sample ha$e this feeling ! (lso the
result showed high mean in this element for both genders €male ¦}2#1| #
female¦—}#1¸z if compared with the degree €34z for ha$ing little amount of
feeling in identity crises !
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This study aimed to identify the le$el of ªuality of life for uni$ersity students in
both ¬man and +ibya# and in$estigate the role of country# gender# and
specialiation in the ªuality of life! ( ªuality of life scale has been de$eloped and
$alidated! This scale has applied a sample of €4££z uni$ersity students €1}2
+ibyan# and 21} ¬maniz! The result showed that the le$el of ªuality of life was
height in only two dimensions €ªuality of family life# and ªuality of education
and studyz! The le$el of ªuality for uni$ersity students was intermediate in two
dimensions €health and using free timez! Žt was low in two dimensions €mental
health and emotionsz! The result of the study also showed that there was
significant effecti$eness of the country# gender# two ways interactions between
gender and specialiation and three ways interaction between country# gender and
speculation on studentºs ªuality of life! %tudents from +ibyan were better in the
ªuality of health and emotions while ¬mani students were better in time
management and using free time! The relationship between Ñfamily incomeÑ and
Ñacademic achie$ementÑ is non-significant# but there were significant between
Ñfamily incomeÑ and Ѫuality of family and serial lifeÑ and Ñtime managementÑ
-ey.or&s: ªuality of life# undergraduate students# cross culture study# +ibya#
¬man!
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working in the field of social welfare! (nd meetings with political figures or ha$ing
influence in the go$ernment pro$ided subsidies for nursing with special needs! ‹e
described some brief studies on how to care of disabled children! The researcher came
out a set of conclusions# including' that life is rosy somewhat There politicians and
senior officials and social figures were allocated to swallow if part of a $ery precious
time for this segment of people! (lthough there is the role of social welfare and training
rooms and modern pictures of gifts with broad smiles to those who wondered Žªmunha
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mental illness rampant# which reªuires a specialied research to reduce the se$erity of
this disease! The presence of a sharp difference between the concepts of proper person
and the person disabled e$idence not included most of this routine patrols news as is the
case in the press ads# the usual! (nd not to go into the real problems of the disabled as
matters of marriage# sex and family problems between husband and wife and children
look to their parents with disabilities and so on and that there will be criticism as narrow
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The theater massage that is dramatiation in the theatre space# it is not the text that is
written on paper! The drama discourse consists by dramatiation roll# that is a process of
con$erting written words to the scenes of the play # Many of the texts written by (rabs
writers depended on the language spoken# These texts structure focused on the parts of
the audio and semantic and stylistic and synthetic construction # )hich they in the
structure of narrati$e and not in the dramatic scenes *xcept for a few of those texts that
was been written in different script! That fact makes the theatre already# and not legible
literature! The performance will be loaded with signs and signs carried by
intertextuallity# which consists of texts Ô audio-$isual# kinetic -Those are mean which
Žn$ol$ed in the integrated system Žn this way# in writing drama will be produced by the
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The field study aims at showing the factors ìs impact on the professional
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This study re$eals that is effect of mass media on the professional choice# and
family liking and girl liking to realie celebrity and height le$el social!
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2ntro&!ction
pignificant &iseasesu especia$$y Canceru pti$$birt%u 'irt% ma$formationu .ere
sprea& o!t in 2raÅ post t%e secon& ¢!$f œar >ŸŸ>u .%ere t%e )p an& )- arme&
forces app$ie& xep$ete& )rani!m 3x)1 as a .eaponu partic!$ar$y against t%e
arme& oe%ic$es an& tan#s, x) .%ic% is a by-pro&!ct of t%e )rani!m enric%ment
process is consi&ere& to be a %ig% toic an& ra&ioactioe c%emica$ materia$u .%ic%
is oery &angero!s to t%e %!man %ea$t% an& t%e enoironment as .e$$, +%ese
&iseases impacte& eoery one in 2raÅu an& conseÅ!ent$y t%ose .%o f$e& t%e co!ntry
&!ring an& after t%e .ar,
C%ris '!sby indicated that a pure «epleted •ranium contains about 12#4££#£££ Bª
of •-23} per kilogram# and in ¼oso$o# some soil samples analysed by the •nited
²ations *n$ironment ™rogram €•²*™z contained 2ž£#£££ Bª°kg €)sE( 2££1#
(nnexz! The 3ž£ tonnes of «• used in the %econd &ulf )ar represents 4!3 TBª €4!3 x
1£12 Bªz of •ranium alpha acti$ity €13!£ x 1£12 if the radioacti$e beta emitting
daughter isotopes are included-more of these belowz! Žf xai œi$$iams €2££3z is
correct and about 1—££ tonnes were used in the latest war# then that represents ¸3 TBª
of acti$ity dispersed- on account of BusbyÃ>Ä!
Žn this respect# the different isotopes of uranium are all radioacti$e# but they ðdecayò at
different speeds# traditionally measured by the time it takes for the radioacti$ity to fall
by a half# i!e! the half-life! The shorter the half-life the more radioacti$e the substance!
The half-life of uranium- 23} is 4!ž billion years# while for uranium-23ž it is —1£
million years# and for uranium-234 it is 2ž£ thousand years! "or comparison# the half-
life of plutonium is 24 £££ years# so that «• is some 2££ £££ times less radioacti$e
than!
«epeletd uranium has been blamed for ill-health in &ulf war and ¼oso$o $eterans# but
what are the risks and where do they lie Ò - ask xo!g$as vo$&stoc#Ä YÃ!
identified the abundance of uranium isotopes was determined in urine specimens
collected from the &ulf )ar ŽŽ €&)ŽŽz $eterans from 4 countries# in 1||}-1|||# by
nuclear and mass spectrometric methods!)e looked for «• in urine specimens from
exposed $eterans and ci$ilians and found it# )e confirmed our findings by
determining «• in tissues from exposed ci$ilians# thus lea$ing no doubt that «•
found its
way into ci$ilians residing near the battlefield area through inhalation of «• oxide
contaminated air! Žt has been shown unambiguously that the deployment of «•-based
munitions leads to contamination of air with aerosols of its ceramic oxides! Žnhalation
of contaminated air then leads to accumulation of highly insoluble particulate «•
oxides in the lungs in milligram ªuantities! *$en such deposition of ðmildlyò radioacti$e
isotope does inflict harm to human health by its attendant radiation insult under certain
conditions! Žf the «•-based munitions ha$e been deployed by the coalition forces
during the &ulf )ar ŽŽ# a set of «• determinations ha$e been suggested to show
conclusi$ely that the «• munitions do not $iolate the dictates of the &ene$a
con$entions! Žt was unfortunate no testing of en$ironmental specimens was performed
or no results of such tests made public soon after the cessation of &)ŽŽ! ‹owe$er# it is
now possible to conduct «• mapping in the entire country as well as in parts of the
country where extensi$e use of «•-based munitions were deployed extensi$ely during
&)ŽŽ! ( relati$ely simple and accurate methodology has been suggested for the
determination of «• in en$ironmental specimensÃ[Ä!

¬n %eptember 2—# 2££3# )rani!m Me&ica$ wesearc% Centre €•M‘œz sent a field
research team to Žraª in its first phase of radiological and clinical studies on the scale
and effects of uranium dispersed by air-deli$ered munitions and ground combat
weapons deployed during ¬peration Žraªi "reedom# ¬perations Telic and šames
€Britishz and ¬peration "alconer €(ustraliaz! •M‘œ conducted a 13-day sur$ey
throughout the primary conflict ones in urban and rural areas of central and southern
Žraª! The team performed radiation sur$eys# nuclide analysis# inter$iewed ci$ilians and
community leaders# collected biological and field samples# and in$estigated the possible
health effects of radiological weapons on Žraªi ci$ilians!
The team indicated that Žraªis are familiar with the fact that uranium weapons were
deployed during &ulf )ar ŽŽ and o$er the years ha$e de$eloped a fear of exposure! (
history of unexplained illnesses and chronic health problems in communities affected
by «• deployed in &ulf )ar ŽŽ and perhaps later by ordnance used in ¬perationsò
«esert "ox and «esert %trike is widely attributed to œoalition weapons! ( portion of the
population is con$inced radiological contamination is a permanent feature of the Žraªi
en$ironment! Many say this is why they want to lea$e the country! The unfortunate fate
of Žraªi ci$ilians and œoalition $eterans Ï case studies in the in$estigations of the
effects of radiation dispersion weaponsÏ

The international anti-terrorism°anti-)M« €weapons of mass destructionz œoalitionòs
admission of its deployment of uranium munitions in yet another conflict was first
confirmed by physical e$idence collected by the šapanese# ²o )ar-²o «• science team
€%eptember 2££3z! The team identified artificial radionuclides in tanks and wide scale
ele$ations of radioacti$ity in Žraªòs en$ironment! *arlier# œhristian %cience Monitor
staff reporter# pcott (eterson# re$ealed the results of his independent radiation sur$ey
of Baghdad battlefields# detecting radioacti$ity in tanks 1#|££ öòs background le$els
€(ugust 2££3z!

™re-&ulf )ar ŽŽ radiation sur$eys by Žraªi scientists had already detected ele$ated
readings of ionising radiation associated with the ¬peration «esert %torm legacy! Žn
1||2# pig!ert-vorst ¢!nt%er collected field e$idence in the form of a fragment of
a tank penetrator# later confirmed in the laboratory to be «epleted •ranium! «r!
&untheròs work# including his disclosure that &ermany had fielded uranium
penetrators since )) ŽŽ# led to his arrest and con$iction for importing Ùdangerous
radioacti$e materialsÚ# under the countryòs atomic energy control regulations!
Žndigenous studies statistically correlating cancer# birth defects# premature death and
leukaemia trends in Žraª established epidemiological certainties in areas subÅect to
&ulf )ar Ž bombing campaigns where uranium was used in combat and may ha$e
been used throughout the 1||£òs in •%-led ¬perations «esert "ox and «esert %trike!
)ith the exception of t%e )rani!m Me&ica$ wesearc% CentreÆs st!&ies of &ulf
)ar ŽŽ $eteransò urine and body tissue specimens# no independent clinical
radiological studies ha$e been published in science or medical Åournals that
demonstrate human contamination by inhalation of battlefield uranium by-products
dispersed in Žraª! ™hysical e$idence of contamination attributed to retained «•
shrapnel accompanied by ele$ated urine uranium le$els in •% &ulf )ar Ž $eterans
was reported in published studies by associates of the •% &ulf )ar œlinical "ollow-
up and %ur$eillance ™rograms! The •% «·( €xepartment of ¦eterans Affairsz and
«o« €«epartment of «efencez physicians take a position that retained shrapnel
constitutes the only battlefield uranium exposure condition placing armed forces
personnel at risk! œlaims that ele$ated urine uranium le$els in $eterans is due to
retained «• shrapnel remain metabolically ªuestionable! Žnhalation is the primary
pathway by which $eterans and ci$ilians are contaminated by battlefield uranium
and is therefore likely to ha$e been coincidental with shrapnel wounding! «o« and
the «·( ha$e not permitted lung or lymph node studies in this small group of
$eterans Ô pre$enting the ob$ious examinations to determine inhalational exposure!
Ear$y researc% in Žraª and with œoalition $eterans must produce works suitable for
professional publication# focusing on the scientific and medical fundamentals of
contamination by battlefield uraniumÃ_Ä!
r'yEC+2¦E of t%e st!&y
"ew years ago# the Žraªi writer x, A$basry# noticed in an Žraªi newspaper
€Ù"ree Žraª Ú# ²umber }ž# "eb!1||—z# issued in +ondon# that death by cancer due to
the %econd &ulf )ar is chasing the Žraªis in *urope!
The obÅecti$e of this work is to &etermine t%e ca!ses of morbi&ity an& morta$ity
among 2raÅi epatriatesu .%om $eft 2raÅ fo$$o.ing t%e .ar in >ŸŸ> and to create
a documented data base and information about the health conditions of these
indi$iduals as well! The in$estigation of the case has been started with Žraªi
residents in %tockholm# %weden! •nfortunately# the trial failed! Because the %wedish
authority did not agree with the hypothesis that specific cause of death of the
in$estigated patients was the cancer! There is no specific procedure that in$estigates
the real reason of death due to cancer# whether it is cancer or malignant tumor!
œommonly# physicians often are satisfied with simple diagnosing the cause of
death! This reality applies to all *uropean states! &enerally# physicians in *urope
do not belie$e that «epleted •ranium could be a cause for the many cancer cases
obser$ed among the exposed indi$iduals of Žraªi origin! Besides# no body cares
seriously about that specific cause of death among the Žraªi expatriates# and the
*uropean physicians did not pro$e a minimum co-operation with the «•
in$estigators for the sake of truth and the $ictims! ¬n the other hand# the doctors
in *urope did not show a specific knowledge or attention to the fact that the «•
could cause death $ia the cancer disease# e$en when their patients asked them
about an effort to perform a •ranium in$estigation! They simply refused this
action gi$ing some irrele$ant tactical excuses!
Žn addition# the law in *urope strictly prohibits the co-operation with non -
relati$es of the patient to attain information about the death cause without a
formal appro$al from the patients relati$es! œonseªuently# and based on this
difficult situation# another approach was chosen to identify the real cause of
the death cases among Žraªi expatriates post second &ulf war 1||1! (lso efforts
were made with the relati$es of the patients who were ªuestioned in order to
gather rele$ant information about the history of the affected patients and the
phases of their illness!
This study emphasies the illness stages and the cause of death among Žraªi
expatriates# in particular the children! The in$estigation is a part of a larger and
more comprehensi$e medical study which will discusses the whole problem of
using «epleted •ranium as a weapon in the war in Žraª and in the neighboring
countries depending on the co-operation of the expatriate Žraªi families who are
being pro$iding us with the significant information!
ME+vrxp of wesearc%
•2wp+ ME+vrx
( ªuestionnaire in (rabic and *nglish was set on Ž²T*‘²*T using many Žraªi
web sites# Žllustration 1! The ªuestionnaire is experienced as a 1Hresearch
instrument consisting of a series of 2Hªuestions and other prompts for the purpose
of gathering information from respondents €)ikipedia# the free encyclopediaz!
r!r Å!estionnaire included ªuestions for expatriate Žraªis# young and adults#
without names and addresses! The ªuestionnaire assured the scientific purpose
of the ªuestions! ‹undreds of Žraªi families were con$inced to participate on the
process!
pECrsx ME+vrx
«irect contact with the families of the patients and dead through $isits or by
phone enabled gathering of information about the death cause# age# gender#
social conditions# date of lea$ing Žraª if it was post 1||1# after how many years
the disease or death ccurred# etc!
This method was encountered by enormous difficulties to con$ince the families by
telling the correct information! The reason of the hesitation was mainly the fear from
telling facts about this issue although those families had being li$ing in *urope for
years!
+%e wEp)"+p
•irst:
_>Y fami$ies participate& on t%e Å!estionnaire in the period 2££2- 2££ž years! [lh
fami$ies sent t%eir responses by email# the rest by post! Their residences were
%weden# «enmark# ‹olland# ²orway# œanada# •%(# •¼# &ermany# "rance# and Žtaly!
²umbers of families in each country were not identified!
Žn the same period# eh fami$ies .ere contacte& by phone in %tockholm# Malmo#
&oteborg# ·aster÷s in %wedenÐ and œopenhagen in «enmark# (msterdam in ‹olland#
¬slo in ²orway# and +ondon and Manchester in •¼! The answers were satisfied!
pecon&:
A$$ 2raÅi fami$ies# especially husband and wife# who responded to the ªuestionnaire#
.ere in 2raÅ &!ring t%e g!$f .ar >ŸŸ>,
+%ir&:
"rom the responses to the ªuestionnaire and phone calls# following facts were
concluded'
1! +ota$ n!mber of the participating families was _hl 2raÅi fami$ies! The
number of the children was 14—ž!
2! "ollowing table indicates that e_,Ÿž of t%e participating Žraªi families
%a& more t%an [ c%i$&ren! YYž %a& [ c%i$&ren# and >l,hž %a& Y
c%i$&ren! "inally _,ež %a& on$y one c%i$&! These children .ere !n&er
inoestigation!
s)M'Ew r• Cv2"xwEs 2s +vE •AM2"2Ep
)sxEw 2s¦Ep+2¢A+2rs
.um)er of
-hildren
.um)er of
Families
!er"entage Total of
-hildren
!er"entag
e
rne Y> _u_l Y> >u_Y
+.o li >luel >i_ >>,iŸ
+%ree >f[ YYuff [fŸ YfuŸ_
More t%an [ Yei e_uŸ> Ÿi> heul[
3! ¬ut of the total number of families# [fY fami$ies €¸4!žÆz %a& "hildren
)orn in 2raÅ prior to ¢!$f .ar >ŸŸ># their tota$ was ŸŸh c%i$&ren
€¸—!žÆz! (mong them 31!|ž male and ¸}Æ female!
+A'"E Y
FGHIJKLM NOPQ HM RPST UPROP VO WXYZ [SP 1991
Families& -hildren
and /ender
.um)er !er"entag
e
+ota$ of •ami$ies
in t%e pamp$e
[fY h_ueY
+ota$ of t%e
C%i$&ren
ŸŸh hiueY
Ma$e C%i$&ren [>l [>uŸY
•ema$e C%i$&ren hil hlufi
4! ‹ealth œonditions of the Žraªi children born in Žraª before 1||1 are
identified in Table 3# which indicates that _fž of c%i$&ren of the Žraªi
participating families are %ea$t%! #ale made 4£!—Æ of them# while
female children were ž|!3Æ! pic# c%i$&ren are hfžu ¸4Æ of them
male# and 3¸Æ female!
+A'"E [
vEA"+v Crsx2+2rs r• Cv2"xwEs BOR.
I. IR%0 !RIOR +r ¢)"• œAw >ŸŸ>
-hildren and
1ealth -ondition
.um)er !er"entag
e
vea$t%y C%i$&ren [Ÿl [ŸuŸe
Male >hY _fui>
"emale Y[h eŸuYŸ
pic# C%i$&ren eŸl hfufe
Male [lY h[uli
"emale Y>h [hu>[
C%i$&ren born after 2332 are identified in Table 4! [e,ež of t%e fami$ies had
c%i$&ren born )efore 2332# and total of the children made [Y,ež of t%e tota$!
œhildren )orn in Ira4 made [f,ižÐ those who were )orn outside Ira4 made hŸ,[ž,
3¸!žÆ of them were male# ¸3!žÆ female,
+A'"E _
•AM2"2Ep Asx Cv2"xwEs BOR. !OST 2332u
+vE2w '2w+v ("ACE uAsx ¢EsxEw
Families and
-hildren and Birth
!la"e
.um)er !er"entage
•ami$ies >hh [e,_i
+ota$ of C%i$&ren _iŸ [Y,_i
Male >ie [h,e[
"emale [f_ h[,_i
'orn in 2raÅ >_i [f,hl
'orn r!tsi&e 2raÅ [[Y hŸ,[Y
ž! vea$t% con&itions of children who were born post >ŸŸ> are presented
in Table ž# which indicates that %ea$t%y c%i$&ren are hl,[žu ¸2!—Æ of
whom are female# and 3—!3Æ of them male!
2$$ c%i$&ren are [>,ižu of whom ¸4!žÆ are male and 3ž!žÆ female5
+A'"E e
Cv2"xwEs vEA"+v Crsx2+2rsp 'rws
(rp+ >ŸŸ> Asx +vE2w ¢EsxEw
-hildren 1ealth
-onditions and
/ender
.um)er !er"entag
e
1! vea$t%y C%i$&ren [Yi hluYh
Male 122 3—#3£
"emale 2£ž ¸2#¸|
2! 2$$ C%i$&ren >eY [>ui[
Male |} ¸4#4—
"emale ž4 3ž#ž2
Cv2"xwEs vEA"+v Crsx2+2rsp 'rws
(rp+ >ŸŸ> Asx +vE2w ¢EsxEw
.um)er
of
-hildren
.um)er
of
Families
!er"entag
e
Total
-hildren
!er"entage
rne 21— _h,[h 21— Yl,Ÿ[
+.o 22£ _i,ff 44£ el,hh
+%ree 31 h,hY |3 >Y,_f
Total _hl ŸŸ,Ÿl ief ŸŸ,ŸŸ

¸! Table — shows t%e &iseases an& sic#ness con&itions of 2raÅi c%i$&ren
ooerseas! "rom ief i$$ c%i$&ren# €a little more than half of the total Žraªi
children that ha$e been in$estigatedz Yf,lž %a& shown cancer &iseases
€¸2!}Æ of them affected by "e!#emia and 14!£Æ with other ma$ignant
t!morsz! 1¸!}Æ had Anemia# 1ž!—Æ had seoere congenita$ &efects#
12!}Æ had been born as (remat!re# 1£!|Æ with -i&ney &amages# |!—Æ
with "ioer &amages# ¸!}Æ with anot%er &isease# and ¸!4Æ affected with
se!ro-Myopat%y!
+A'"E i
œhildren «Ž%*(%*% (""*œTŽ²& Ž‘(¹Ž œ‹Ž+«‘*² Ž² ¬·*‘%*(%
isease , Illness -ondition .um)er of
-hildren
!er"entage
Total of Ill -hildren 678 78&9:
>, Cancer xiseases >eh Yfulf
- +eukemia |} ¸2#}2
- Malignant Tumors 22 14#1£
Y, Anemia >Yh >hulf
[, peoere Congenita$
xefects
>>l >eui_
4! ™remature |¸ 12#}£
e, -i&ney &amages lY >fuŸ[
h,"ioer &amages i[ Ÿ,i[
—!(nother disease ž1 ¸#}£
,l se!ro-Myopat%y _l hu_f
—! Table } reflects number of &ea& c%i$&ren at o$erseas with gender and
percentage, Y_,ež of t%e tota$ Žraªi children in o$erseas €ief specimen
childrenz are &ea&! #ale number is higher than female5 Ma$e c%i$&ren
are ž}!2Æ and fema$e c%i$&ren only 41!}Æ!
+A'"E l
xEAx 2wA¸2 Cv2"xwEs 2s r¦EwpEAp (rp+ >ŸŸ>
-hildren and
/ender
.um)er of
-hildren
!er"entage
+ota$ of C%i$&ren >l_ Y_ue[
#ale 1£— elu>e
Female —— _>ule
}! Table | indicates the death "ause for Žraªi sick children in o$erseas
under this in$estigation as specimens! Conc$!sion is the first &eat%
ca!se is the "an"er diseases and malignant tumors €_f,Yžz! The cause
number two is "ioer &amages €2}!}Æz# the third cause was the seoere
congenita$ &efects# the fourth was t%e #i&ney &amages €|!}Æz# and the
fifth was ot%er &iseases €}!1Æz!
+A'"E Ÿ
xEAx CA)pE r• 2wA¸2 Cv2"xwEs 2s r¦EwpEAp
3'ApEx rs 2s•rwMA+2rs •wrM +vE2w wE"A+2¦Ep1
isease , Illness -ondition .um)e
r
!er"entage
+ota$ of xea& C%i$&ren 1}4 24#ž3
>, Cancer xiseases an& Ma$ign
+!mors
i_ _fuY>
Y, "ioer xamages e[ Ylulf
[,peoere Congenita$ xefects Y_ >[uf_
_, -i&ney xamages >l Ÿuil
e,rt%er xiseases >e lu>e
|! Table 1£ presents the relation )etween the si"+ or dead "hildren and
the appli"ation of epleted ;ranium $eapons €«•)z in 2raÅ! The
table shows that Y_ 2raÅi fami$ies who had sic# c%i$&ren born before
>ŸŸ> but had )een li<ing "lose to weapon wra"+s hit by «•)#
especially in Mi& an& po!t%ern 2raÅ! >f_ fami$ies where t%e .ioes
were pregnant &!ring t%e secon& ¢!$f .ar, [Ÿ of these families .ere
epose& to x)œ that were dropped near their residents! >hh
%!sban&s q fat%ers were in<ol<ed in the war of 1||1 in the military
sector, YYY of t%e .ioes q mot%ers# >eh %!sban&s q fat%ers# >f_
fami$ies where the husbands ° fathers and wi$es ° mothers# .ere
toget%er epose& to x)œ!
+A'"E >f
wE"A+2rspv2(p 'E+œEEs +vE p2C- rw xEAx Cv2"xwEs
Asx +vE A(("2CA+2rs r• x) œEA(rs 2s 2wA¸
.um)er
of
Families
!er"entag
e
Fa"tor of t%e we$ations%ip to
t%e app$ie& x)œ
1ž¸ [[u[[ Father ser<ed in the military
2332
1£} Y[ufi Family was li<ing "lose to the
e*posed area
1£4 YYuYY #other was pregnant during
2332
3} lu>> #other was pregnant and
e*posed to ;$
¸} >[uY_ Family had "hildren )orn
)efore 2332 and were in
"onta"t with e*posed wra"+s
«iscussion and conclusion
The mentioned results are pre$iminary#and they a part of comprehensi$e and
specific study regarding the use of «•) in Žraª and in the neighboring countries
depending on the co-operation of the expatriate Žraªi families by pro$iding us with
information !
The current research found following results'
1! ¬ut of 4¸} in$estigated in our study Žraªi families in o$erseas# 412 families
agreed to participate on the electronic and the con$entional ªuestionnaire! ¬nly ž¸
families ha$e been personally contacted €direct or by phonez! %pecimen families li$e
in %weden# «enmark# ‹olland# ²orway# œanada# •%(# •¼# &ermany# "rance# and
Žtaly! ( large number refused to identify the residence!
2! (ll in$estigated families were in Žraª during the war of 1||1# where the «•)
where used by the •% and •¼ armies!
3! ²umber of children of specimen families was 14—ž children!
4! (round žžÆ of the in$estigated families had more than three children# 22Æ had
three children# 1}!¸Æ had two children# and only 4!žÆ had one child!
ž! 3£2 specimen families €¸4!žÆz had children born in Žraª before 1||1 war# their
total was ||¸ children €¸—!žÆz# 31!|Æ of which male# and ¸|!£Æ female "emale
were almost twice as much as male!
¸! 3ž!žÆ of the families had children who were bo-n po%! 1||1 corresponding to
children percentage of 32!žÆ of the entire children! "rom these children# 3£!—Æ were
bo-n in I-a= and ¸|!3Æ were bo-n ou!%i'e I-a=! ¬ut of them# 3¸!žÆ were /ale#
¸3!žÆ )e/ale! ‹ere we find the female are greater than the male!
—! ‹ealth condition of children born in Žraª before 1||1' the *eal!*2 children from
them were 4£!£Æ of the families! 4£!—Æ of them /ale# ž|!3 )e/ale! Ill $*il'-en were
¸£!£Æ out of whom ¸4!£Æ /ale and 3¸!£Æ )e/ale! Žn case of sick children# number
of male children is greater than that of female!
}! ‹ealth condition of children born in Žraª after 1||1' the *eal!*y children from them
were to ¸}!3Æ# out of them ¸2!—Æ )e/ale and 3—!3Æ /ale! Si$& $*il'-en were 31!—Æ
€¸4!žÆ /ale and 3ž!žÆ )e/alez!
vere a$sou sic# ma$e c%i$&ren are &ominant! r!r opinion# there are two reasons for
that# •irst concerning the %pecial biological particularity characteristic of the male#
which states that their health is influenced by the ™athological factors more than the
female! This was what has been pro$en by "an&man and yac#son in 1|}£ ÃeÄ#
'oÇ#oo in 1|}2 ÃhÄ# and .e emphasied it in 1|}ž ÃiÄ! The secon& reason is that the
male children in the (rab societies including Žraª ha$e more freedom in playÐ
therefore# they were more exposed to war wracks than the female children! This was
appro$ed by the parents we talked to! The media has confirmed this fact too!
|! _i ž of the a$$ inoestigate& fami$ies %a& Y i$$ c%i$&ren! These children were el,hh
ž of the tota$ i$$ children of ief c%i$&ren! %econdlyu _h,_ ž of the families had one i$$
c%i$& €Yl,Ÿ ž of the a$$ i$$ c%i$&renz! rn$y h,h ž of the families %a& [ i$$ c%i$&ren#
which means >Y,_ ž of the tota$ i$$ children! so family had more than 3 ill children!
r!r res!$ts coinci&e with the in$estigation of ya.a& A$-A$i# œhair of œancer
department at the Training ‹ospital and œhief of œancer and Tumors œenter in Basra#
.%o fo!n& that more than one child was affected in families with non genetic factor#
rather they li$e in «•) area in %outhern Žraª 1||1 ÃlÄ!
1£! xiseases an& sic# con&itions affecting t%e 2raÅi c%i$&ren' ¬ut of ief i$$ c%i$&ren
€more than half of the total under in$estigationz# .e fo!n&'
Yf,lž of t%em .ere affecte& by -an"ers €+eukemia hY,lž# Malignant Tumors
>_,fžz!
>h,lž got seoer %nemia5
>e,iž %a& iffi"ult Birth efe"t,
>Y,lž .ere born !remature,
>f,Ÿž got Kidney damages,
Ÿ,iž %a& "ioer &amages,
h,lž .ere infecte& by other diseases,
h,_ž .ere affecte& by .euro=#yopathy,
)s cancer statistics identified that in Žraª between 1|}| and 1||4# a significant
increase in cancer cases of —-fold were registered! Žn «hi ¹ar ™ro$ince alone# the
number of cases Åumped from —2 cases in 1|}| up to 4}| in 1||4! This was explained
by the use of «•) in that area# which represented a long-term serious riskÄŸ Ã !
The percentage of peoere congenita$ &efects has been increased enormously in 1||—# where it reached ž fold that of 1||£!
(mong these diseases new unknown congenital defects were noticed € Ù(lthawraÚ-Baghdad# 22 "eb!2££2z
(fter analying the seoere congenita$ &efects in Basra during the period' 1||£ -2£££#
a significant increase was registered! Žn 2£££# these defects became ¸ fold of those in
1||1 Ã>fÄ!+%amir vam&an reported a large increment in se$ere congenital defects and
cancer diseases among ci$ilians! rt%er p%ysicians reported a growth of 3 fold relati$e
to second gulf war Ã>>Ä!
+%e Cancer Center at 'ag%&a& )nioersity vospita$ re$ealed an increase of 1!}Æ in
the seoere congenita$ &efects€Ù (+-(alamÚ-Baghdad#11 (pril 2££1z! Anita "i$b!rn
reported that the se$ere congenital defects and cancer diseases were spread as epidemic
among Žraªi ci$ilians# this issue can not be tolerated Ã>YÄ!
wesearc%ers and representatioes from _ ministries agreed during a meeting on
radioacti$e en$ironmental impact in šuly 2££3 about the fact that the radioacti$e
en$ironmental impact was the main reason for seoere congenita$ &efects and cancer
&iseases! pa$am v!ssein of the Ministry of ‹ealth identifies in that meeting sponsored
by Baghdad œouncil ‹ealth and *n$ironment œommittee the fact that
the radioacti$e en$ironmental impact was the reason for the žÆ increase in se$ere
congenital defects! wiya&% A$-A&%a&% of Baghdad œouncil# ‹ealth and
*n$ironment œommittee indicated a 12Æ increase in se$ere congenital defects#
especially from «•) €Ù(amanÚ-Baghdad#13 šuly 2££4z!
11!r!r st!&y fo!n& that Y_,e[ž of the expatriate Žraªi sic# c%i$&ren €totally —ž£
childrenz &ie& €ž}!1Æ male and 41!}Æ femalez!
12! To ana$y*e t%e &eat% ca!se among expatriate Žraªi sick children# it was shown
that firstly cancer and t!mor &iseases were by _f,Yž# se"ondly# "ioer &iseases
€Yl,lžz# thirdly# peoere congenita$ &efects €>[žz# fourthly# -i&ney &iseases
€Ÿ,lžz# and si*th were ot%er &iseases €l,>žz!
+%ese res!$ts coinci&e& .it% «r! (l-(li report which identified an increase from
34 cases in 1|}} up to ¸44 cases in 2££2# i!e!# an increase of 1|Æ È>[É!
13! ( preliminary analysis of o!r st!&y resulted in a hypothesied relation
)etween the si"+ , dead "hildren and the use of ;$# due to direct exposure from
the wracks or indirectly $ia their parents! +%e fo$$o.ing res!$ts were calculated'
Žn [[,[ž of the families# the fathers were ser$ing in Žraªi armed forces and
participated in the second gulf war of 1||1!
Y[ž of the families were residing c$ose to areas attac#e& by «•) 1||1!
Žn [f,[ž of the families# the mothers were pregnant &!ring t%e secon& g!$f .ar
of 1||1! Yh,lž of the pregnant mot%ers were resi&ing oery c$ose to areas
attac#e& by roc#ets an& arti$$eries!
>[,[ž of the families had had already "hildren born prior to >ŸŸ># and p$aye&
c$ose to .rac#s epose& to x)œ# especially in mi& and po!t% 2raÅ!
%till# t%ese res!$ts are in agreement .it% ot%er 2raÅi an& foreign st!&ies!
Many scientific st!&ies related between cancer spread and the strange congenital
defects and the use of «•)! A paper published by ya.a& A$-A$i identified the
increase of +eukemia and %e$ere congenital defects due to the use of «•)! 2n
'asra prooince# only 11 out of 1££ thousand person identified cancer diseases in
>Ÿll! 2n YffY# this figure was increased to 123 cases per 1££ thousands! This
means an increase by >> fo$&! The se$ere congenital defects had an increase in
the rate from 3!2 in 1||£ up to 22 cases per 1£££ births in 2£££# i!e!# with an
increase of i fo$&! A$-A$i emphasied that most of the affecte& c%i$&ren %a&
fat%ers .%o participate& on t%e pecon& ¢!$f œar in 1||1Ð some of t%eir
mot%ers &e$ioere& more than one child! There was a strange p%enomenon in the
medicine# where one member of the family showed more t%an one cancer
&isease# or more t%an one c%i$& gets cancer in t%e same fami$y# which was
without cancer history! (l-(li presented a prooince map in&icating t%e $ocations
with the significant rate of cancer diseases! Those locations were all hit by the
«•) in 1||1Ã>_Ä! A$-A$i# who is a specialied physician trained in the •¼ with
the degree of "‘œ# and a member of the ‘oyal œollege of ™hysicians# informe& in
March 1||} wobert •is## the British Åournalist specialied with Middle *ast
#about these locations which were saturated with the radioacti$e dust due to the use
of «•) by the •% (rmy! +%e maps s%o.e& a fo!r-fo$& increase in cancers in
those areas where the fighting took place! (nd the people from those fields and
suburbs where the#
ordnance were fired were clustered around (liòs cancer clinic in Basra! ¬ld men#
young women with terrible tumours# whole families with no history of cancer
suffering from unexplained leukaemias>eÄÄ!
rt%er st!&ies indicated a re$ation between use of «•) and spread of some
cancer diseases and congenital defects Ã>hÄ! M!na A$--%amas#an oncology
professor at Baghdad •ni$ersity# announced before an international meeting that
the in$estigations on Žraªi soldiers who participated on the second gulf war
indicated a $arge increase in &ifferent types of cancer cases! (mong those cases#
the +eukemia was identified by 13!3Æ out of the total of 142ž cancer cases under
obser$ations! rt%er st!&ies# presented in the international conference# indicated
a re$ation between the chemical toxicity of the «• and cancer diseases Ã>iÄ! A$im
A,v, Êacoob# a head of one of research groups in$estigating the «• issue#
concluded the increase of cancer &iseases among population by 121Æ in 1||—
compared to year 1||£! Žn 1|||# this percentage increases to 242Æ and
"e!#emia rate increased to ¸£Æ in 1||— and 1££Æ in 1|||! The in$estigation
indicated that the increase was dominant among c%i$&ren .%o are !n&er e years
€4|!¸Æz# which is an indication for an early children exposure post the war! The
rate among affected women and men increased by 1£2Æ for men and 1¸£Æ for
womenÐ in Basra# ¸}} cases were identified in 1||| Ã>lÄ!
(%ysicians .or#ing at %ospita$s in 'ag%&a& obser$ed a noticeable increase in
Congenita$ &efects of infants born lately! vea$t% a!t%ority related that increase
to the 2raÅi mot%er epos!re to x)œ in the recent years! They emphasied that
the $argest epos!re to «•) was to identify in t%e so!t%ern prooinces#
especially 'asra and saÇaf! The main cause for that increase was the use of
«•)! 2bra%eem A$Çibo!ry a scientist of Baghdad •ni$ersity found a $arge
n!mber of congenita$ &efects &!e to mot%er epos!re by «•) in so!t%ern
2raÅ, sa.ar A$i of Baghdad •ni$ersity a scientist of «epartment of ²ewborn
infants at the •ni$ersity hospital indicated that ¸ž£ cases of Congenita$ &efects
were recorded during 2££3# (ugust! This result means an increase of 2£Æ
compared to the condition before the war! Those results did not include the cases
recorded at the pri$ate hospitals# which means that the real number of the
impacted by that disease was bigger! ( %ea$t% epert emphasied that
ra&ioactioe contaminate& .ater due to use of «•) can be considered as the
main cause for the congenital defects Ã>ŸÄ! ¸asem •a$e% of ²uclear ‘adiation
‹ospital in Baghdad ass!re& that the main reason behind the impact of cancer
diseases in Žraª is the use of «•) in 1||1! +%e proof for this statement is that
t.o t%ir& of t%e impacte& patients ha$e being residing in areas s!rro!n&ing
'asra in southern Žraª near ¼uwait! Žn addition# these cancer cases ha$e been
&o!b$e& imme&iate$y post t%e .ar! ptrange cases occ!rre& after >ŸŸf which
were not common before the war# as breast cancer among gir$s !n&er >Y years
and in a large number of families in southern Žraª and bone cancer by c%i$&ren#
and !rogenita$ tract by teenagers and p!$monary system t!mors by s!c#$ing
infants ÃYfÄ!

+ately# sources of t%e 2raÅi vea$t% Ministry announced the existence of more t%an
>_f t%o!san& 2raÅis currently infected by cancer# in addition to ieff ne. cases per
eoery year# and that s!c$ear wa&iation vospita$ in 'ag%&a& receioes abo!t >ef
patients &ai$y from a$$ prooinces! *xperts expect that this number .i$$ increase !p to
Ye t%o!san& cases ann!a$$y €Ù(lkhaleeÅÚ#1} %eptember 2££4z! ( new report released
by the Žraªi ‹ealth Ministry identified that the number of cancer diseases currently
obser$ed by the special Žraªi ‹ealth administrations is 14£ thousand cases! The report
explained the increase in cancer &isease rates is re$ate& to t%e !se of internationa$$y
&amne& .eapons inc$!&ing x)œ during three wars in the region which impacte& t%e
enoironment %eaoi$y! +%e a!t%ority stated that the maÅority of the cases# as
+eukemia# +ymphatic cancer# Brain and ner$ous system tumor# breast cancer by
women# beside the children cancer diseases which reach }Æ €Ù(l-%abahÚ#2— (pril
2££žz are found in the southern pro$inces!
+%ese conc$!sions were made based on many in$estigations conducted on old •%# •¼
and œanada pioneers ser$ed in the gulf war! +%ere .as an in&ication that their
families identified a lot of cancer diseases and congenital defects! Asaf x!racooic#
•M‘œòs «irector of ‘esearch# i&entifie& x) in t%e b$oo&u !rineu an& bone of t%e
affecte& so$&iersu an& in t%e bones of t%e &ea& so$&iers .%o %aoe participate& on
t%e pecon& ¢!$f œar in >ŸŸ> ÃY>Ä! (n in$estigation conducted by the Cancer
wesearc% 2nstit!te at Manc%esteru )- indicated that children born by parents who
were exposed to radiation during a period of their life could be infected by +eukemia!
( study conducted at rfor& !nioersity pro$ed that mice inÅected by radioacti$e
™lotinum deli$er mice affected by +ymphatic +eukemia and other cancer diseases at a
rate of |£Æ! The study also indicated that the born mice whose parents were exposed to
radioacti$ity are more $ulnerable to en$ironmental contamination and conseªuently
indicate increased rate of cancer diseases after their birth €Ù(sharªalawsatò# 11 (ugust
1||}z!
wECrMMEsxA+2rss
>, +%e c!rrent o!r res!$ts are not fina$, vo.eoeru t%e res!$ts ass!me a
strong re$ation bet.een cancer &iseases an& seoere congenita$ &efects
an& ot%er &iseases affecting epatriate 2raÅi c%i$&ren .%o migrate&
after t%e >ŸŸ> .ar .%ic% .as inoo$oe& .it% x)œ,
Y, +%ese res!$ts co!$& be more conoincing if t%ey are compare& to
recor&s prior to >ŸŸ> an& if t%ey are en&orse& by )rani!m test in t%e
patientÆs b$oo& an& in t%e tiss!es of t%e &ea& bo&ies,
'ase& on t%isu .e !rge more inoestigations on 2raÅi epatriate sic# c%i$&ren .%o
.ere born post >ŸŸ> an& .%o &ie &!e to cancer &iseases, +%e %ea$t% con&itions of
2raÅi mot%ers be$onging to fami$ies .it% %ig% ris# factor an& .%o .ere in 2raÅ
[, freÅ!ent abortions or %a& c%i$&ren .it% seoere congenita$ &efectsu or
t%ose .%o %a& a c%i$& .it% cancer &isease or &ie& on cancer after >ŸŸ>u
s%o!$& be inoestigate& caref!$$y,
_, A message ep$aining a$$ facts abo!t t%e !se of x)œ in 2raÅ s%o!$& be
passe& to t%e p%ysicians of t%e co!ntries .%ere epatriate 2raÅi
fami$ies are presentu in or&er to re$ate t%ese facts to any &isease or
me&ica$ case occ!rre& to t%ese peop$e inc$!&ing t%e &eat%,
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'ag%&a&u Yi Apri$ Yffe
Yf- •Ïr&!bb$at anta$ cancerfa$$ i 2ra#u xagens sy%eteru [ mars Yff>
Y>- x!ra#ooic A u"ect!re:ËCritica$ Eoa$!ation of t%e ¸!antitatioe Ana$ysis of
)rani!m 2sotopes in t%e 'io$ogica$ ppecimens of A$$ie& •orces ¢!$f œar ¦eterans
Mini pymposi!mË u •ree )nioersityu 'r!sse$su 'e$gi!mu rctober Yhu Yfffu
)rani!m Me&ica$ wesearc% Centre 3)MwC1
2$$!stration >
¸!estionnaire
rn$y for fami$y 3 or one of fami$y:v!sban&q œife1 .as in 2raÅ,
($ease tic# appropriate bo 3Ð1
¾œas t%e %!sban& t%e .ife in 2raÅ &!ring t%e œar of >ŸŸ> Ñ
â The husband is healthy Ò Âes ²o ¬r suffering from any of the following
diseases' (nemia +eukaemia €Blood cancerz ¬ther cancer or tomur
¬ther disease ¼idney damage +i$er damage Ò
¾ +%e age of t%e %!sban& .%en %e $eft 2raÅ .as: "ess t%an Yf years ooer Yf
years ooer [f years ooer _f years ooer ef years More t%an hf years
Ñ
¾ +%e .ife is %ea$t%y Ñ Êes so rr s!ffering from any of t%e fo$$o.ing
&iseases: Anemia "e!#aemia 3'$oo& cancer1 rt%er cancer or tom!r
-i&ney &amage "ioer &amage rt%er &isease Ñ
¾ vas t%e .ife enco!ntere&: wepeate& abortion 3 more t%an Y abortion1
pti$$birt% xeforme& birt% (remat!re 'irt% .it% $ess t%an
norma$ .eig%t Ñ 2f t%e ans.er is yes: once t.ice more t%an to.
times Ñ
¾ +%e age of t%e .ife .%en s%e $eft 2raÅ .as: "ess t%an Yf years ooer Yf
years ooer [f years ooer _f years ooer ef years more t%an hf
years Ñ
¾ xi& yo! 3+%e fami$y 1 %aoe any c%i$&ren &!ring t%e >ŸŸ> .ar Ñ: so Êes Ñ
2f t%e ans.er is yesu .as t%is: one c%i$& Y c%i$&ren more t%an Y c%i$&ren
Ñ
¾Are a$$ yo!r c%i$&ren %ea$t%y Ñ: Êes so rr s!ffering from any of t%e
fo$$o.ing &iseases: Anemia "e!#aemia rt%er cancer or +om!r
-i&ney &amage "ioer &amage se!ra$ &amage M!sc!$ar pat%y
Menta$ &isabi$ity rt%er &isease Ñ
¾ +%e n!mber of i$$ c%i$&ren: one to. t%ree more t%an t%ree
¾ /ender of ill "hildren: Ma$e vo. many 3num)er1 Ñ •ema$e vo.
many 3n!mber1 Ñ
¾ œ%at is the "urrent age of the ill "hild Ñ: "ess t%an e years ooer e years
ooer >f years Ñ
¾ $here was the ill "hild )orn Ñ: 2n 2raÅ r!tsi&e 2raÅ Ñ
If the "hild )orn in Ira4: vo. old .as .%en $eft 2raÅÑ: "ess t%an e years ooer
e years ooer >f years Ñ
¾ xi& yo! 3 t%e fami$y1 %aoe a c%i$& o!tsi&e 2raÅ Ñ so Êes Ñ 2f t%e
ans.er is yes: one to. t%ree more t%an t%ree Ñ
¾vo. many: ma$es 3n!mber1 Ñ vo. many fema$es 3n!mber1 Ñ
¾ Are a$$ t%ose born o!tsi&e 2raÅ %ea$t%y Ñ: yes no Ñ 2f t%e ans.er
is no: ¾vo. many i$$ c%i$&q c%i$&ren :Ma$es 3n!mber1 Ñ •ema$es
Ñ
¾ œ%at &isease %aoe i$$ c%i$&q c%i$&ren Ñ:'irt% &eformity "ac# of .eig%t
(remat!re ¢enera$ .ea#ness Anemiaq(a$eness "e!#aemia
rt%er cancer rt%er &isease Ñ
¾ xo yo! %aoe a c%i$& .%o &ie& after t%e .ar of >ŸŸ>:so Êes Ñ
¾œ%ere &i& t%e c%i$& &ie Ñ: 2n 2raÅ r!tsi&e 2raÅ Ñ
¾ vo. many c%i$&ren &ie& Ñ: one to. more t%an to. Ñ
¾vo. o$& .as Ñ: "ess t%an e years roer e years roer >f years Ñ
¾œ%at gen&er Ñ:Ma$e uvo. many3n!mber1 •ema$e uvo. manyÑ
¾ After %a. many years of $eaoing 2raÅ &i& &eat% occ!rÑ: rne year Y
years [-_ years more t%an _ years Ñ
¾œas t%e ca!se of &eat% any of t%e fo$$o.ing: 'irt% &efect Anemia
"e!#aemia rt%er cancer +om!r -i&ney &amage "ioer
&amageq&isease 'rain &amage se!ro-m!sc!$ar &amage
(ra$a$ysis rt%er &isease Ñ
¾ Are %!sban& an& .ife re$atioes Ñ: yes no Ñ 2f t%e ans.er yes:
first co!sins secon& co!sins Ñ
¾2s t%ere a %ere&itary &isease in t%e fami$yÑ: yes no .e &o not
#no.
¾xoes t%e fami$y %aoe a fema$e re$atioe ma$e re$atioeu.%o .as in 2raÅ
&!ring t%e .ar of >ŸŸ> Ñ: Êes so Ñ 2f t%e ans.er yes: œ%ere is t%is
re$atioe no. Ñ:2nsi&e 2raÅ r!tsi&e 2raÅ Ñ
As far as yo! #no.u .%at %appene& to t%is re$atioe Ñ :vea$t%y pic#Ñ
2f sic#u are s!ffering from: Anemia "e!#aemia rt%er cancer rr
tom!r -i&ney &anage -i&ney &amage "ioer &amageq&isease
vere&itary &isease rt%er &isease Ñ
¾ 2f t%e re$atioe is fema$e:œ%at is t%e &egree of #ins%ip: •irst co!sin
pecon& co!sin Ñ
¾vas s%e %a& any of t%e fo$$o.ing: wepeate& abortion 3 more t%an Y abortion1
pti$$birt% xeforme& birt% (remat!re birt% 'irt% .it% $ess
t%an norma$ .eig%t rt%er me&ica$ con&ition Ñ 2f t%e ans.er is
yes: once t.ice more t%an to. times Ñ
¾ xi& yo! 3t%e fami$y1%aoe any relati<e die after t%e >ŸŸ> .ar Ñ: so Êes
' If the answer yes to the o)o<e 4uestionu .%ere &i& ve q p%e &ie Ñ: 2nsi&e 2raÅ
r!tsi&e 2raÅ Ñ If outside Ira4u after %o. many years since $eaoing 2raÅ
did death o""ur Ñ: rne year Y years [ years _ years e years
more t%an e years more t%an >f years Ñ
¾ 1ow old was the de"eased person Ñ: "ess t%an e years ooer e years
ooer >f years ooer Yf years ooer [f years ooer _f years ooer ef
¾As far as yo! #no. .%at .as t%e ca!se of &eat%Ñ: "e!#aemia rt%er
cancer or +om!r Anemia -i&ney &amage "ioer &amageq &isease
veart fai$!re rt%er &isease rt%er reason Ñ
¾ œ%ere are yo! resi&ent no. Ñ ans.er if yo! .ant
¾ xo yo! %aoe any ot%er re$ate& information Ñ 2f sou p$ease mention brief$y:
The Scientific Journal of
ARAB OE! ACADE"# I!
DE!!AR$
Managing Editor
Prof. Dr. a!id "!-#a$a!i
Editoria! %&'&rtar$
"((. Prof. Dr. #a((an "!-%)dan$
*oard of Editor(
Prof. Dr. "+d)&!a, "!-%(a$&g,
Prof. Dr. #)((&in "!-"n((ar$
"((. Prof. Dr.Mo,a--&d .a!,$
"((. Prof. Dr. /)tfi #at&-
Mr(. "(&&! "!-"-iri
Address: BRØNSHØJHOLMS ALLE 45, 1. SAL
2700BRØNSHØJ - KØBENHAVN
DENMARK
Wes!"e : ###.$%-$&$de'(.%r)
e-'$!* : $%-$&$de'(+($,%%.&%'

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