Leonardo DA VINCI (b. 1452, Vinci, Republic of Florence [now in Italy]--d. May 2, 1519, Cloux, Fr.), Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. His Last Supper (1495-97) and Mona Lisa (1503-06) are among the most widely popular and influential paintings of the Renaissance. His notebooks reveal a spirit of scientific inquiry and a mechanical inventiveness that were centuries ahead of his time.

The Adoration of the Magi 1481-82 (200 Kb); Yellow ochre and brown ink on panel, 246 x 243 cm (8 x 8 ft); Uffizi, Florence

4 x 39. 53. St. 42 x 33 cm (16 1/2 x 13 in). transferred from panel. Petersburg . Hermitage. Cracow Madonna Litta c. Czartoryski Museum. Tempera on canvas. 1490-91 (150 Kb).Lady with an Ermine 1483-90 (150 Kb). Oil on wood.3 cm (21 x 15 1/2 in).

the wife of Francesco del Giocondo. Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie (Refectory). 1503-06 (150 Kb). 77 x 53 cm (30 x 20 7/8 in). Musee du Louvre. 460 x 880 cm (15 x 29 ft). also known as La Gioconda. Oil on wood.The Last Supper 1498 (180 Kb). Paris . Fresco. Milan Portrait of Mona Lisa (1479-1528).

London .The Virgin of the Rocks 1503-06 (140 Kb).5 x 120 cm (6 x 4 ft). Oil on wood. National Gallery. 189.

Italian Renaissance sculptor.Michelangelo. I cannot live under pressures from patrons. 34. 1475. and poet who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. 18. Accademia. Caprese. -.5 cm (13 1/2 x 9 5/8 in). let alone paint.Study of proportions. painter. Republic of Florence [Italy]--d. 1564. Pen and ink.3 x 24. architect. quoted in Vasari's Lives of the Artists . March 6. Feb. Rome). from Vitruvius's De Architectura (60 Kb). Venice MICHELANGELO In full MICHELANGELO DI LODOVICO BUONARROTI SIMONI (b.

started in 1501 and completed in 1504 Michelangelo began work on the colossal figure of David in 1501. The Holy Family with the infant St. Florence . In the 19th century the statue was moved to the Accademia. The choice of David was supposed to reflect the power and determination of Republican Florence and was under constant attack from supporters of the usurped Medicis. Uffizi. 1503-05 (130 Kb).34m/14 ft 3 in tall) was in place outside the Palazzo Vecchio. Tempera on panel. and by 1504 the sculpture (standing at 4.David Gigantic marble. Diameter 120 cm (47 in). John the Baptist (the Doni Tondo) c.

Creation of the Sun and Moon The Creation of Man (Fragment of the Sistine Chapel ceiling) 1511-12 .

1520.RAPHAEL Italian in full RAFFAELLO SANZIO (b. Papal States [Italy]). April 6. Urbino. Rome. April 6. Duchy of Urbino [Italy]--d. 1483. master painter and architect of the Italian High Renaissance. Raphael is best known for his Madonnas and for his large figure compositions .

Lives of the Artists Maddalena . those of Raphael are living things. life pulsates the Vatican in Rome. the flesh palpitates. the breath comes and goes. His work is admired for its clarity of form and ease of composition and for its visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. every organ lives.Vasari. -. While we may term other works paintings.

Madonna dell Granduca c. Washington . 28. National Gallery of Art. 1505 (110 kB).5 cm (11 1/8 x 8 3/8 in). Florence St. George Fighting the Dragon 1504-06 (220 kB). Palazzo Pitti. Oil on wood. Oil on wood. 84 x 55 cm (33 x 21 1/2 in).5 x 21.

George Fighting the Dragon 1505 (180 kB). 1512-14 (170 kB). 30 x 26 cm (12 x 10 1/4 in). Rome . Villa Farnesina. Fresco. Musee du Louvre.St. 295 x 225 cm (116 x 88 1/2 in). Oil on wood. Paris The nymph Galatea c.

Bindo Altoviti c. 1515 (120 kB). Washington . 60 x 44 cm (23 1/2 x 17 1/4 in). Oil on wood. National Gallery of Art.

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