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Perhitungan abutment (kepala jembatan)

1.Abutment kanan

Perhitungan Berat Abutment Dan Tanah Dibelakang Abutment

G1 = 1,3 x 0,02 x 2,4 = 0,624 ton


G2=

1,15

,x1 = 0,25 m
x

0,2

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y9ENoAVOFVs&feature=related2,4= 0,552 ton


,x2 = 0,725 m
G3 = x 0,851 x 0,85 x 2,4= 0,86802 ton

,x3 = 0,717 m

G4 = 2,8 x 0,3 x 2,4 = 2,016 ton

,x4 = 1,15 m

G5 = x 1,95 x 0,2 x 2,4 = 0,468 ton

,x5 = 0,933 m

G6 = x 0,28 x 0,8 x 2,4 = 0,2866 ton

,x6 = 0,533 m

G7 = 0,5 x 0,28 x 2,4 = 0,366 ton

,x7 = 1,05 m

G8 = 0,28 x 1,7 x 2,4= 0,5715 ton

,x8 = 1,8667 m

G9 = 3 x 0,42 x 2,4 = 3,024 ton

,x9 = 1,5 m

G10 = 4,528 x 0,15 x 1,7 = 1,154 ton

,x10 = 0,075 m

G11 = x 0,65 x 0,228 x 1,7= 0,12597 ton

,x11 = 0,3667 m

G12 = 0,65 x 1,95 x 1,7 = 2,15475 ton

,x12 = 0,475 m

G13 = x 0,2 x 1,95 x 1,7 = 0,3315 ton

,x13 = 0,8667 m

G14 = x 0,85 x 0,85 x 1,7 = 0,614125 ton

,x14 = 0,4333 m

G15 = x 0,052 x 0,15 x 1,7 = 0,00663 ton

,x15 = 0,5 m

G = 13,11564 ton
MG = 11,74499 t.m
X G = MG = 11,74499 = 0,89 meter
G

13,11564

Gaya Gaya Pada Kepala Jembatan


Pu = 41,379 t.m (Rcombo1)
Hs = 1,886 ton/m (reaksi pada perletakan sendi akibat gaya rem) dr tabel beban rem
Qll = 0,9 t/m2
Qdl = tebal perkerasan x bj beton = 0,2 m x 2,4 ton/m3 = 0,48 ton/m2
Q total = 0,9 + 0,48 = 1,38 ton/m2
Pll = 4,9 t/m
Beban tanah dibelakang abutmen= 4,386 ton
Beban jalan = 0,48 ton/m2 x 0,5 m = 0,24 ton/m

Beban lalu lintas = 0,9 t/m2 x 0,5 = 0,45 ton/m


Perhitungan Tekanan Tanah
a. Data Tanah Timbunan
= 30
= 2/3 = 20
=0
=0
tanah =1,7 ton/m
beton = 2,4 ton/m
air = 1
b. Koefisien tekanan tanah aktif
Kah = 0,279 (Tabel Kah,PEDC Mekanika Tanah)

Tekanan Tanah Aktif


Akibat tekanan tanah aktif
Pah = tanah H2 Kah = . 1,7 . 52 0,279 = 5,93 t/m
Akibat beban merata
Pq = qtotal Kah = 1,38 . 5 .0,279 = 1,9251 t/m
Akibat beban terpusat
P = p K, dimana K = 0,39 (tanah lempung keras)
= 4,9 . 0,39 = 1,91 t/m
Akibat Beban Rem (Hs)
Hs = 1,886 ton/m
PH = 11,6511 ton/m

YH = Pah yh + Pq yh+ P yh + Hs.yh


H

5,93 x 5/3 + 1,9251 x 5/2 + 1,91 x 5/3 + 1,886 x 3,7 = 2,133 m


11,65

Xv = 3 m
PV = PH tan ( + ) = 11,6511.tan 20 = 4,24 ton/m

Perhitungan Kontrol Stabilitas tanah

1. Stabilitas terhadap guling


MT = G.XG + PV.Xv + Rcombo1 .x
MG

PH.Yh
= (13,11564 x 0,89) +(4,24 x 3) +(41,379 x 1,05) = 2,97 > 1,5 (aman)
10,7081 x 2,133

2. Stabilitas terhadap daya dukung


v = 17,3556 t/m
MG = 22,808 ton-m
A = 3 x 1 =3 m2
W = 1/6 x 1 x 3 = 1,5 m3

Qmin

= 17,3556 / 3 22,808/1,5 = 5,79 15,21 = -9,42 t/m2 (mengalami tarik)

Qmaks = 17,3556 / 3 +22,808/1,5 = 5,79 + 15,21 = 21 t/m2 (mengalami tekan)

Abutment kiri

Perhitungan Berat Abutment Dan Tanah Dibelakang Abutment


G1 = 1,05 x 0,2 x 2,4 = 0,504 ton

,x1 = 0,6 m

G2= 0,5 x 0,2 x 2,4= 0,24 ton

,x2 = 0,75 m

G3 = x 0,5 x 0,5 x 2,4= 0,3 ton

,x3 = 0,833 m

G4 = 3,53 x 0,3 x 2,4 = 2,5416 ton

,x4 = 1,15 m

G5 = x 2,55 x 0,2 x 2,4 = 0,612 ton

,x5 = 0,933 m

G6 = 0,28 x 0,2 x 2,4 = 0,1344 ton

,x6 = 0,9 m

G7 = x 1,7 x 0,28 x 2,4 = 0,5712 ton

,x7 = 1,866 m

G8 = x 0,28 x 0,8 x 2,4= 0,2688 ton

,x8 = 0,533 m

G9 = 3 x 0,42 x 2,4 = 3,024 ton

,x9 = 1,5 m

G10 = x 0,28 x 0,8 x 1,7 = 0,1904 ton

,x10 = 0,533 m

G11 = 2,55 x 0,3 x 1,7= 1,3005 ton

,x11 = 0,65 m

G12 = x 2,55 x 0,2 = 0,4335 ton

,x12 = 0,933 m

G13 = x 0,5 x 0,5 x 1,7 = 0,2125 ton

,x13 = 0,833 m

G14 = 4,3 x 0,5 x 1,7 = 3,655 ton

,x14 = 0,25 m

G = 13,9879 ton
MG = 12,5345 t.m
X G = MG = 12,5345 = 0,8960 meter
G

13,9879

Gaya Gaya Pada Kepala Jembatan


Pu = 33,758 t.m (Rcombo1)
Hs = 4 ton/m (reaksi pada perletakan sendi akibat gaya rem) dr tabel beban rem
Qll = 0,9 t/m2
Qdl = tebal perkerasan x bj beton = 0,2 m x 2,4 ton/m3 = 0,48 ton/m2
Q total = 0,9 + 0,48 = 1,38 ton/m2
Pll = 4,9 t/m

Perhitungan Tekanan Tanah


a. Data Tanah Timbunan
= 30
= 2/3 = 20
=0
=0
tanah =1,7 ton/m
beton = 2,4 ton/m
air = 1
b. Koefisien tekanan tanah aktif
Kah = 0,279 (Tabel Kah,PEDC Mekanika Tanah)

Tekanan Tanah Aktif


Akibat tekanan tanah aktif
Pah = tanah H2 Kah = . 1,7 . 52 .0,279 = 5,93 t/m
Akibat beban merata
Pq = qtotal Kah = 1,38 . 5 .0,279 = 1,9251 t/m
Akibat beban terpusat
P = p K, dimana K = 0,39 (tanah lempung keras)
= 4,9 . 0,39 = 1,91 t/m
Akibat Beban Rem (Hs)
Hs = 4 ton/m
PH = 13,7651 ton/m

YH = Pah yh + Pq yh+ P yh + Hs.yh


H
= 5,93 x 5/3 + 1,9251 x 5/2 + 1,91 x 5/3 + 4 x 3,7 = 2,374 m
13,7651
Xv = 3 m

PV = PH tan ( + ) = 13,7651 .tan 20 = 5,01 ton/m

Perhitungan Kontrol Stabilitas tanah

1. Stabilitas terhadap guling


MT = G.XG + PV.Xv + Rcombo1 .x
MG

PH.Yh
= (13,9879 x 0,896) +(5,01 x 3) +(33,7588 x 1) = 2,41 > 1,5 (aman)
10,7081 x 2,374

2. Stabilitas terhadap daya dukung


v = 18,9979 t/m
MG = 25,42 ton-m
A = 3 x 1 =3 m2
W = 1/6 x 1 x 3 = 1,5 m3

Qmin

= 18,9979 / 3 24,47 / 1,5 = 6,33 16,311 = -9,981 t/m2 (mengalami tarik)

Qmaks = 18,9979 / 3 +24,47 / 1,5 = 6,33 + 16,311 = 22,6411 t/m2 (mengalami tekan)