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Maths project

Real numbers

Theorem 1.5 : Let x be a rational number whose decimal expansion terminates . Then x cab be expressed in the form of p/q , where p and q are co prime , and the prime factorisation of q is of the form 2n5n ,where n,m are non negative integers

Theorem 1.6 : Let x = p/q be a rational number , such that the prime factorization of q is of the form 2n5m , where n , m are non negative integers . Then x has decimal expansion which terminates . Theorem 1.7 : Let x = p/q be a rational number , such thet the prime factorization of q is not of the form 2n5m , where n, m are non negative integers . Then x has a decimal expansion which is non terminating repeating .

Q : - with out performing long divison state whether the following rational numbers have a terminating decimal expansion or non terminating reapting expansion ? 1) : - 17 / 8 Ans : - here the denominator 8 = 2 * 2 * 2 = 2 raise to 3 and 5 raise to 0 . Which is in the form of 2n 5m . Hence it will have a terminating decimal expansion .

Polynomials
Geometrical meaning of the zeroes of the polynomial . We know that real number k is a zero of the polynomial p(x)if p(k) = 0 . But why are the zeroes of a polynomial so important ? To answer we will see the geometrical representations of linear and quadratic polynomial and the geometrical meaning of their zeroes .

For any quadratic polynomialax2+ bx+ c 0 , the graph of the corresponding equation y +ax2+bx + c has one of the two shapes either upwards like or open downwards like depending on whether a > 0 or a < 0 . These are called parabolas . E.g. : - Here the graph cuts at two distinct points A and . The x coordinates are A and are the two zeroes of the quadratic polynomial ax2 + bx + c