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FpsImv
Ckvemw?






XmdmnbXv:

ssiJv A_vZpdlvam A iol







hnh\w:

aplZv Ipn ISa
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

2

XmfpIfn
t]Pv:
1. BapJw 3
2. ssItbm, ImcW 4
3. FmWv Ckvemw? 7
4. Ckvemans kvXw` 10
5. hnizmk Imcy 13
6. Ckvemans ASndI 17
7. CkvemanI kz`mh 18
8. AhImi Ckveman 19
9. "Ckvemw' Atlns hmpIfn 21
10. Ckvemans ktihmlI 21
11. aplZv (k) AhcpsS hmpIfn 22
12. FmWv JpB 24
13. JpB AhcpsS hmpIfn 24
14. Ckvemapw hnm\kmZ\hpw 26
15. Ckvemapw kpw 27
16. kv{Xo Ckveman 28
17. Ckvemapw AapkvenwIfpw 29
18. Ckvemapw bphpw 30
19. Ckvemapw {]IrXnbpw 31
20. Ckvemapw hrnbpw 32
21. Ahkm\ambn 33



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3

FpsImv Ckvemw?
BapJw
BImi ZqXpIfn Ahkm\tXpw
tamsibpsSbpw tbiphnsbpw aXfp
sS ]qoIcWhpamb Ana kti
spdnp Hcp kwn]vX hniIe\
amWnXv. Cu aXneqsS ap aXsfmw
\ncmIcnsp. Ghpw HSphnse IW
\pkcnv Hcp _neyWntesd P\
temIv Cu ktiw kzoIcnhcmbpv.
kmnIhpw ImbnIhpamb tijnbpsS
A`mhnepw a\pjy Cu ktiw kzoI
cnm\mbn akcnsmgpIpIbmWv. B
ktiw Dsmh ]noSXv Dt]n
mdn. AXs{X Ckvemw.
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

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ssItbm, ImcW
temIamkIew ssItbn\v hnt[bamhp Htcsbmcp aXw
CkvemamWv. ssItbmscpdnv ]T\ hnt[bamptm
Ah Xmsg ]dbphcmsWv ImWmw:
1) hnhctZmjnI: ImcWw bYm ssZhamb Amlpsh
bmsX Bcm[nm ]mSnsv Ckv emw DZv tLmjnpp. Ahp
Xm apgph IogvhWsbpw, Bcm[\m`mhtmsSbp
A\pkcWsbpw AXv \ncmIcnpp. Amlp ]dbpp:
"(\_ntb) ]dbpI: tl, hnhcw sIhtc, Atm Amlphm
hsc Rm Bcm[nWsamtWm \n FtmSv InpXv ?"
(kpa: 64).
2) {]IrXn hncp ZpmnI: Ckv emw sXfn {]IrXn
aXamWv . Amlp ]dbpp: "BIbm (kXyn) t\sc \nesm
ph\mbnv \ns apJs \o aXntev Xncnp\npI.
Amlp a\pjysc GsXmcp {]IrXnbn krjvSnncnppthm B
{]IrXnbs{X AXv. Amlphns B krjvSnhyhv bmsXmcp
amhpan. AXs{X h{IXbnm aXw. ]s, a\pjycn A[nI
t]cpw a\nempn" (dqw: 30).
3) A{IanI: ImcWw Ckvemw \oXnbpsS aXamWv. Amlp
]dbpp: "Xobmbpw Amlp InpXv \oXn ]menphm\pw
\sNphm\pw IpSpw__aphv (klmbw) \Iphm\pam
Wv . Ah hnepXv \oNhrnbn \npw ZpcmNmcn \npw
AXn{Ian \npamWv . \n Nnnp{Klnphm thn Ah
\nv D]tZiw Xcpp" (\lv: 90).
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5
4) Ipgm: ImcWw Ckv emw cnns aXamWv . Amlp
]dbpp: "Ah \mn Ipgapmhm thn {ianpIbmWv.
Ipgmsc Amlp CjvSsSpn" (amCZ: 64).
5) kam[m\ [zwkI: ImcWw Ckvemw kam[m\ns
aXamWv. Amlp ]dbpp: "\ntfmSv bpw sNphcpambn
Amlphns amn \nfpw bpw sNpI. Fm \n
]cn[nhnv {]hncpXv. ]cn[nhnv {]hnphsc Am
lp CjvSsSpIbn" (_Jd: 190).
6) AanX hmZnI: Ckvemw anXXzns aXamsWXmW
Xn\v ImcWw. Amlp ]dbpp: "A{]Imcw \mw \nsf Hcpa
kapZmbamnbncnpp. \n P\v kmnIfmbncnp
hm\pw, dkq \nv kmnbmbncnphm\pw thn" (_Jd: 143).
7) arKob hnImcnsbpw ss]imNnIXbpsSbpw
hm: Ckv emw ]mXn{hXyns aXamsWXmWXn\v ImcWw.
Amlp ]dbpp: "\n hy`nNmcs kao]npt]mIcpXv. Xo
bmbpw AXv Hcp \oNhrnbpw Zpjn amhpamIpp" (CkvdmAv: 32).
8) `uXnI Xc: ImcWw, {]bmk GsSpp Imcp
Wyns aXamWv Ckvemw. P\fpsS Zu_eyhpw Bhiyfpw
Idnv ]cnlcnp aXw. Amlp ]dbpp: "A\ymbamb \ne
bn \n At\ym\yw kzp XncpXv . AdnpsImv Xs,
BfpIfpsS kzpfn \nv hXpw A[mnIambn t\SnsbSp
p Xnphm thn \nfXpambn hn[nImsf kao]np
Ibpw sNcpXv" (_Jd: 188).
9) apgph a\pjytcmSpw shdpv shp]pep
AkqbbpsS hm: ap a\pjyscm DXamb GtXm
Hcp krjvSnbmWv XsfhamWv AhcpsS \o. Fm
CkvemamIs hobXsXnsc knbnmkacw sNp, ]ckv
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

6
]c kaXzns ktiw hnfntmXp aXamWv. CXmWv Ahsc
AXn\v t{]cnnp LSIhpw. Amlp ]dbpp: "tl; a\pjytc,
Xobmbpw \nsf \mw HcmWn \npw Hcp s]n \npambn
krjv Snncnpp. \nft\ym\yw AdntbXn\v \nsf \mw hnhn[
kapZmbfpw tKm{Xfpw BpIbpw sNbv Xncnpp. Xobm
bpw Amlphns ASpv \nfn Ghpw BZcWob \nfn
Ghpw [\njv T ]menph\mIpp. Xobmbpw Amlp
k\pw kqvam\nbpamIpp" (lpPpdmXv: 13).
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7

FmWv Ckvemw?
bYm ssZhamb Amlphnp A\pkcWnsbpw ka
Wnsbpw aXw. _lpssZh hnizmkn \npw apamb,
ipamb GI ssZh hnizmkns aXw. hnp hogv NbpsSbpw Ffp
nsbpw aXw AXmWv Ckvemw. Amlp ]dbpp: "Amlp
\nsfsmv FfpamWv DtinpXv, Ah \nsfsmv
sRcpw Dtinpn" (_Jd: 185).
a\ximnbpsSbpw Bizmknsbpw aXw: Amlp
]dbpp: "AXmbXv hnizknpIbpw, Amlpshnbp Hm
sImv a\pI imambnocpIbpw sNphsc. {inpI;
Amlpshnbp HmsIms{X a\pI imambnocp
Xv" (dAvZv: 28).
Aenhnsbpw ImcpWynsbpw aXw: Ckv emans
ZqX (k) ]dp: "ImcpWyhmmtcmSv ]caImcpnI IcpW ImWn
pw. \n `qanbnephtcmSv IcpW sNpI, Fm BImip
h \n tfmSpw IcpW sNpw" (XpapZn).
kvt\lnsbpw PohImcpWynsbpw aXw: \_n
(k) ]dp: "P\thpw D]Imcsh\mWv P\fn Am
lphnt\w {]nbsh" (XnapZn).
AhyXIfpw ktlfpanm aXw: Amlp ]d
bpp: "\n\papv a\pjyscbmsX \mw ZqXmcmbn \ntbmKnnn
. Ahv \mw ktiw \Ipp. \nv AdnpIqsSn
(thZw aptJ\) Dt_m[\w e`nhtcmSv \n tNmZnpt\mpI"
(\lv: 43).
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

8
k a\pjynSbnepw ]q kaXzw DtLmjn
p aXw: ssZhtmSp `b`nsbmp am{XamWv Ahcn
hyXncnX InpXv . Ckv emans ZqX (k) {]Jym]npp:
"Nons ]pI t]me a\pjyscmw kamcmWv, Ad_nv A\
d_nsbm bmsXmcp t{ijvTXbpan `b`n sImmsX".
i{Xp an{X t`Zat\y kaamb s]mXp \oXnbpsS aXw:
Amlp ]dbpp: "Hcp P\XtbmSp Aajw \oXn ]menmXncn
m \nv t{]cIamIcpXv . \n \oXn ]menpI. AXmWv
[\njvTtbmSv Ghpw ASpXv" (amCZ: 8).
]q kzmX{yns aXw:
a) hnizmk kzmX{yw: Amlp ]dbpp: "aXn _em
mcan" (_Jd: 256).
b) Nnm kzmX{yw: AYhm a\pjys\ \bntepw {kjv
Smhns\ AdnbpXntepw sImsnp Nn. Amlp ]dbp
p: "(\_ntb) ]dbpI! BImifnepw `qanbnepw Fsmsbm
WpsXv \n t\mphn" (bq\pkv: 101).
c) A`n{]mb kzmX{yw: XncpZqX (k) ]dbpp: "Ghpw
t{ijvTamb [kacw (PnlmZv) A{Ianbmb `cWm[n]s ASp
kXyw Xpdp]dbemIpp".
sFIynsbpw HcpabpsSbpw aXw: Amlp ]dbpp:
"Amlphns ]miw \n apdpsI ]nSnpI, \n `nncpXv "
(Bep Cwdm: 103).
\bn klIcnp aXw: Amlp ]dbpp: "]pWy
nepw [\njv Tbnepw \n At\ym\yw klmbnpI, ]m]n
epw AXn{Ianepw \n At\ym\yw klmbncpXv" (amCZ: 2).
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9
apgph a\pjycpsSbpw aXw: Ckvemw apgph a\pjycn
tepapXmWv . AXns hnfn a\pjy hns\mSamWv . Am
lp ]dbpp: "\ns \mw a\pjymIam\w ktmjhm Adnbn
ph\pw XmoXv \Iph\pw Bbnsmv XsbmWv Abn
pXv. ]s, a\pjycn A[nIt]cpw Adnbpn" (k_Av: 28).
]cn]qXbpsS aXw: apv AhXoamb aXsfsbmw
CXneqsS ]qamn, CXneqsS Ahv ap{Z shv Ahkm\nnp
Ibpw sNbv Xp. Amlp ]dbpp: "Cv Rm \nv \nfpsS
aXw ]qnbmnncnpp. Fs A\p{Klw \nv Rm
\ndthncnIbpw sNbvXncnpp. aXambn Ckvemans\ Rm
\nv Xr]vXnsv Xncnpp" (amCZ: 3).
hnizmk, hmNm, IWmbp Bcm[\IfpsS Hcp Iqmbv abmWv
Ckv emw. Da KpW IpcpnSnnpXnepw, B kwkv IcW
nepw, AX\pkcnv PohnXw sInSppXnepw, hynIsf \m
nsbSppXnepw, apkvenw kaqlns sFIyhpw sIpdpw
ImpkqnpXnepw Ckvemans ]v \nkvXpeyas{X.
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

10

Ckvemans kvXw`
1) cv kmy hmIy:
'em Ceml Cmlp, aplZpdkqepmln' "Amlp HgnsI
Bcm[\l\mbn Bcpw Xsbn, aplZv (k) Amlphns
ZqX\mIpp" FmWnXns kmcw. CXmWv Ckv emantep {]th
i\ IhmSns Xmtm. 'em Ceml Cmlv ' FXns s]mcp
C{]ImcamWv:
Cu {]]ns {kjvSmhv Amlp am{XamWv.
Cu {]]ns A[nImcnbpw AXns\ ssIImcyw sNpXpw
Amlp am{XamWv.
Bcm[\Il\mbn AmlpshmgnsI amcpan.
'aplZv (k) IncpfnbXv A\pkcnpI, Atlw Adnbnp
XXv kXysSppI, Atlw XmoXv sNbvXXpw hntcm[nXpw
shSnbpI' FXmWv 'aplZpdkqepmln' FXpsImv A
ampXv.
2) \akvImcw:
ASnapw Xs cnXmhn\panSbnep ]miamWv \akvImcw.
AXneqsS ASna Aht\mSv kzImcy`mjWw \SpIbpw ]m]tamN\w
tXSpIbpw sNpp. Aht\mSv inbpw klmbhpw tXSpp.
cmIepIfnembn kab \nnXamb cq]n Av t\camWXv
InsncnpXv. CXneqsS apgpkabpw apkvenw Xs
{kjv Smhpambp _w \ne\ndppp. XXmb ImcWfps
nsemgnsI ]pcpjm ]nbn shv kwLambmWv \akvImcw
\nlntXv . ]ckv ]cw kv t\lhpw sFIyhpw Dunbpdnm\pw,
kmaqlyamb `nXI ]cnlcnphm\pw CXneqsS km[yamhpp.
ImcWw, apkvenwI apgph\pw Htc kabfn tXmtfmSv tXm
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11
tNv, XmgvatbmsS, Htc AWnbn, Htc Znibntev Xncnp
\nmWv Cu almb Iw \nlnpXv.
3) kImv:
IrXyamb \n_\Iv hnt[bambn Hmtcm apkvenw [\nI\pw,
Zcn{Zcpw Bhiymcpamb XfpsS ktlmZcv \tIp
Xs kns hfsc sNdnb HcwiamWv kImv . Amlphns
I\bmWnXv. Xr]vXnbp a\tmsS \Ip Cu Zm\w sImv
apkvenw kaqlns sFIyw Dunbpdnphm\pw Zmcn{Zyhpw
AXpImcWambpmhp asm A]ISfpw Cmbva sNm\pw
CSbmhpp. [\nIcpsS a\pIsf ]nipv, AXym{Klw t]mep
t kz`mhfn \npw, ]mhshcpsS lrZbsf [\nItcmSp
tIm]w, Akqb FXn \npw ipoIcnphm\pw kImXv
ImcWamhpp. ]ckv]cw \ sNm CcpIqscbpw AXv t{]cn
npIbpw sNpp.
4) daZm t\mv:
{]`mXw apX {]tZmjw hsc A ]m\ob, kwtbmKw t]mse
bp Imcyfn \npw hnp\npsImv hjnsemcn apkv enw
\nlntp Hcp Bcm[\bmWv {hXm\pjvTm\w. CXv Ckvemw
\nbaamnb Hcp \qX\ k{Zmba. adnv ap kapZmbpw
t\mv \n_amsncpp. Amlp ]dbpp: "kXyhnizmkn
Isf \nfpsS apphv \n_amsncpXpt]mse
\npw t\mv \n_amsncnpp" (_Jd: 183).
t\mv tZln\pw tZl hnImcn\pw hnNmcn\pw CSbnep
Hcp AamWv . kaqln Cmhs Cmbv abpw Zcn{Zs Zmcn
{Zyhpw Hcp apkvenan\v CXneqsS A\p`hsSpp. ]mhshsbpw
Bhiymcsbpw AhImiw sImSpphom CXhs\ t{]cnn
pIbpw sNpp.
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

12
5) lv:
Amlphns hnfnpcw \Insmv \nnXamb e
fn \nnX Znhkfn \nlnsSp {]tXyI Ifm
Wv lv sImv hnhnsSpXv . kmnIhpw imcocnIhp
amb tijnbpsn _pnbpw {]mb]qnbpsanb Hmtcm apkv
enan\pw CXv \n_amWv . Amlp ]dbpp: "B ancn Fn
tcm Ignhp a\pjy AXntev lv XomS\w \S
Ahv AmlpthmSp _m[yXbmIpp" (BepCwdm: 97).
Htc ev \nnX Znhkfn apkv enwI HnpIqSp G
hpw henb ktf\amWnXv . Htc hkv {Xw Ah AWnbpp, Htc I
Ah \nlnpp, Htc cnXmhnt\mSh hnfnp {]m
npp. [\nI\pw Zcn{Z\pahnsS thXncnhn, am\y\pw \nmc\p
ahnsS hnthN\an, shfph\pw Idph\pahnsS hyXymkan.
Ad_npw A\d_npahnsS sshPmXyfn. CXv apkvenw kmtlm
Zcyns insb hnfntmXpp.
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13

hnizmk Imcy
1) Amlphnep hnizmkw:
{][m\ambpw CXpsImptinpXv Amlp, Ah Dh\m
Wv, Ahs cmIXrXznepw, Ahs ZnhyXznepw, Ahs
\mafnepw hntijWfnepw Ah GI\mWv , Ah\v ]pImcm
cpan, Ah\v Xpeytcm kamamtcm C. Ah am{XamWo {]]n
s {kjv Smhpw AXnse ssIImcyImhpw. Ah DtinXmsX
ChnsS DmhpIbn. Ah Xocpam\nXmsX ChnsS kw`hnp
Ibpan. Ah am{Xta Bcm[\l\mbpp. JpB ]dbpp:
""(\_ntb) ]dbpI: Imcyw Amlp GI\mWv FXmIpp.
Amlp Ghpw B{ibambnph\mIpp. Ah (Bpw)
Pw \Inbnn. (BcpsSbpw kXnbmbn) P\nnpan. Ahp
Xpey\mbn Bcpw C Xm\pw"" (CJvemkv: 15).
2) aepIfnep hnizmkw:
X\nv Bcm[\ \nlnphm\mbn Amlp krjvSn asmcp
krjvSnbmWv Fa aepI. AhcpsS Fw F{Xsbv Am
lphnmsX AdnbpIbn. hnip {Kw ]dbpp: "Amlphns
ASnabmbncnpXn akolv Hcnepw ssha\kyw ImWnp
X. (Amlphns) kmao]yw knn aepIfpw (ssha\kyw
ImWnpX)" (\nkmAv: 172).
aepI Amlphns kamtcm km\tfm A. Xm
Dtinp tPmenI Ahscsmv sNnnm\mWv Ah\hsc
krjvSnncnpXv. Amlp ]dbpp: "]caImcpnI km\s
kzoIcnncnpp Fh ]dp. Ah F{X ]cnip! Fm
(AhaepI) Ah BZcWobcmb Zmkm am{XamIpp.
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

14
Ah Ahs\ adnISp kwkmcnpIbn. Ahs I\b\p
kcnv am{Xw Ah {]hnpp" (AnbmAv: 26,27).
3) thZ{Kfnep hnizmkw:
GI\mb Amlphns\ Bcm[nt am cq]hpw, AhcpsS
`uXnI PohnXhpambn _s \nba \ntifpw P\sf ]Tn
ntXn\mbn Xs ZqXmv Amlp Xpcm AhXcnnp
\Inb BImiZqXpIfmWv thZ{K. AhbnsXmWv:
1) C_v dmlow \_n (A)bpsS GSpI, 2) aqkm (A)v AhXo
amb 'Xudmv', 3) ZmhqZv \_n (A)v AhXoamb 'k_q', 4) Cukm
(A)v AhXcnns 'Co', 5) aplZv (k)v AhXoamb
'JpB' Fnh. hnip JpB temIp apgph P\fn
tepambmWv AhXoambncnpXv . AXneqsS apIgn thZ
{Ksfmw ZpesSpsSpIbpw sNbvXp.
4) {]hmNImcnep hnizmkw:
ssZhnI \nbasfpdnv P\v t_m[\w \Iphm\mbn
Xs krjv SnIfn \nv XncsSphcmWv {]hmNIm. AXn\m
s {]hmNI \ntbmKn\ptijw a\pjyv Amlphns
Xncn \ymbn\v bmsXmcp ]gpXpw Ahtijnpn. {]hmNIm
Ghpw DIrjv S kz`mhn\pSaIfpw, ]m]kpcnXcpamWv . {]hm
NIm At\Iapv , AhcpsS Fspdnv AmlphnmsX
AdnpIqSm. Ah a\pjycmWv , ZnhyZqXpsImv Amlp Ahsc
{]tXyIamnbncnpp. Amlp ]dbpp: "\n\papv ]pcpj
msc (BfpIsf)bmsX \mw ZqXmcmbn \ntbmKnnn. Ahv
\mw t_m[\w \Ipp. \n (CuImcyw) AdnbmhcmsWn
thZmtcmSv tNmZnpt\mpI" (AnbmAv: 7).
Ahcn BZyZqX \qlv (A)bpw Ahkm\sbpw {]hmNI
Xz irwLev Ayw Ipdnh\pamb ZqX aplZv (k)bpamWv.
5) Ay\mfnep hnizmkw:
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15
Cu sFlnI temIw Hcp \m XIv \miaSbpsa hnizmk
amWnXpsImv AampXv . Amlp ]dbpp: "AhnsS (`qapJ
v )bp Fmhcpw \inv t]mIphcmIpp. alXzhpw DZmcXbpw
Dh\mb \ns cnXmhns apJw AhtijnpXmWv" (dlv
am: 26,27)
AXns\pSv ]p\cpm\hpw Dbnsgptpapmhpw.
AXn\ptijw apgph krjvSnIsfbpw Ah hnNmcW sNpw. {]
hmNImsc hnizknpIbpw Ahsc ]n]pIbpw sNbvXhv
AhcpsS hnizmkn\pw In\pa\pkcnv \ {]Xn^eambn
\IsSpw. XnbpsS hmv AhcpsS ]m]nsbpw Ahn
izmknsbpw {]hmNItcmSp [nmcnsbpw ^eambn in
\IsSpw. XpSbmb, A\amb PohnXamWXv . HpIn A\p
{Kl kzw, Asn Icnp \cIw.
6) hn[nbnep hnizmkw:
Fm Imcysfpdnpw AXv kw`hnpXn\v apv Xs
Amlp apIqn AdnbpIbpw, ]noSv B Adnhns ASnm\n
, Ahs Xocpam\ {]Imchpw Ahs Dtiy {]Imchpw Ah
A{]Imcw kw`hnnpIbpw sNpp FXmWnXpsImv A
ampXv. Amlp ]dbpp: "Hmtcm hkvXpshbpw Ah
krjv SnpIbpw, AXns\ Ah icnbmwhw hyhsSppIbpw
sNbvXncnpp" (^pJm: 2).
ImcyImcWfpsS ASnm\nep hn[nhnizmkw a\pjy\v
almb {]tbmP\w e`yampp. Ahbn NneXv C{]ImcamWv:
1) a\mn, BkwXr]vXn. kw`hnpIgnXnsbpw \jvSs
pt]mbXnsbpw t]cn ]noSv ZpxJtm thhemXnItm
AhnsS AhkcapmhpIbn.
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

16
2) Cu {]]nse ssZhnI \nt]sfpdnv ]Tndnbp
hm\pw KthjWw \Sn Ip]nSnphm\pw t{]cW \Ipp.
AXn\ms tcmK t]msebp {]iv\ a\pjy\v ]nSn
s]Sptm, B ssZhhn[nsb {]Xntcm[nm\mhiyamb NnInksb
pdnv AYhm Amlp Cu {]]n krjv Snnp acppI
sfpdnv KthjWw \Sm AXhs\ t{]cnnpp.
3) Amlphpambn B _w m]nphm km[yamhpp.
AXn\ms a\pjys D]{Zhsf `btn hcpn. {]hmN
I (k) ]dbpp: "..\o AdnbpI, a\pjy kapZmbw apgph \n\
smcp D]Imcw sNm\mbn Hnmtmepw Amlp \n\mbn
IWmnb A{XbmsX Fsnepw D]Imcw sNm Ah
mhpIbn. AXpt]mses \n\v h D]{Zhhpw hcpphm
\mbn Ah HnpIqSnbm \n\sXncn Amlp tcJsSpn
bsXtm, A{XbmsX \n\v D]{Zhw hcpphm\pw Ahp
km[ya. t]\I DbsSpIbpw t]PpI ajnbpWpIbpw
sNbvXncnpp" (XpapZn).
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17

Ckvemans ASndI
ASnm\]cambn a\pjyicocsbpw, Ahs Bm`nam\w,
kv , _pn, IpSpw__ Fnhsbbpw Ckv emw kwcn
pp. \_n (k) ]dbpp: "\nbambpw \nfpsS chpw [\hpw
A`nam\hpw \nfpsS ta Amlp \njnamnbncnpp. \n
fpsS Cu \mn, Cu amkn, Cu Znhknp ]hn{XX
t]mse" (_pJmcn).
hopw Atlw Acpfn: "hnizmknbmscv Rm \nv Adn
bnv Xcstbm? GsXmcp\n \nv XfpsS kntepw ico
cfntepw ap a\pjy \n`bcmhppthm Ah\mWv. GsXmcp
s \mhn \npw ssIbn \npw ap apkvenwI csSp
pthm Ah\mWv bYm apkvenw. ssZhm\pkcW amn
kztmSv kacw sNph\mWv 'apPmlnZv' AYhm [ kacw
sNph. ]m]fpw sXpIfpw shSnbph\mWv ssZhamn
]memb\w sNph" (C_v\plnm).
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

18

CkvemanI kz`mh
tamb apgph hmpIfpw {]hnIfpw Ckvemw \njnam
pIbpmbn. Amlp ]dbpp: "]dbpI: Fs cnXmhv \njn
amnbnpXv {]XyambXpw ]tcmambnpXpamb \oNhrn
Ifpw, A[hpw, \ymbw IqSmsXbp ssItbhpw, bmsXmcp
{]amWhpw Amlp CdnnnmXns\ Aht\mSv \n
]v tNpXpw, Amlphns t]cn \nv hnhcan mXv
\n ]dpmpXpw am{XamWv" (AAvdm^v: 33).
A{]Imcw Xs Fm Da kz`mhhpw Amlp InpIbpw
AXv ssIsmm t{]cnnpIbpw sNbvXnpv. \_n (k) ]d
p: "Da kz`mhsf ]qoIcnm\mWv Rm \nbp\mbn
cnpXv" (A apkvXZvdIv).
islamhouse.com











19

AhImi Ckveman
kaqlnse Hmtcm hynpw Xs m\am\f\pkcnv
ISaIsf t]mse AhImifpw Ckvemw GsSpnbnpv.
amXm]nXmpw, `mcym`mfntemtcmcppw, km\
pw, Abmpsams AhcptSXmb AhImifpv.
apkvenw kaqlnse Hmtcm hynIsf ]ckv]cw IqnbnWm
CXv \nanamhptXmsSmw Ah `nnmsXbpw On{ZamhmsX
bpw ImpkwcnpIbpw, AhnSbn kv t\lhpw sFIyhpw
hym]nphm AXv ImcWamhpIbpw sNpp. Amlp ]dbpp:
"\n Amlpsh Bcm[npIbpw Aht\mSv bmsXmpw ]p
tNmXncnpIbpw amXm]nXmtfmSv \ \nebn hnpI
bpw sNpI. _ptfmSpw A\mYItfmSpw ]mhtfmSpw IpSpw_
_ap AbmtcmSpw A\ycmb AbmtcmSpw klhmkn
tbmSpw hgnt]mt\mSpw \nfpsS heXpssII DSasSpnb
ASnaItfmSpw \\nebn hnpI. s]mmc\pw Zpc`nam\n
bpambnp Bscbpw Amlp Hcnepw Cjv SsSpIbn" (\nkmAv: 36).
A{]Imcw Xs hgnIpw AhImifpv . dkq (k) ]dbp
Xp ImWpI: "hgnIfn CcnpXv \n shSnbpI. Atm
Ah ]dp: 'kwkmcnm\pw apambn Rv A{]Imcw Ccn
msX \nhrnbn. \_n (k) ]dp: "\nv CcptXocq Fn
hgnbpsS AhImis \n sImSppI". Ah tNmZnp: 'hgn
bpsS AhImitam? AsXmWv XncpZqXsc?. Atlw ]dp: "Zrjv
SnIsf Xmgv pI, D]{Zhsf XSbpI, kemw aSpI, \ In
pIbpw Xn XSbpIbpw sNpI FnhbmWXv" (_pJmcn).
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

20
arKpw AhImifpv . AhtbmSv A\pI ImWnepw
AhtbmSv \ cq]n hnepw ]m]tamN\n\v ImcWam
hpp. XncpZqX (k) ]dbpXv t\mq: "Hcm bm{X sNpIbmWv .
Abmv ITn\amb Zmlw Dmbn. (Abm shw At\zjnp,
]s Innbn) As\ Abm (shap) Hcp InW Isn.
AXn Cdn th{X shw IpSnv (Abm Zmlw Xop). ]pd
p htm IXv Zmlns ImTn\ym av Xnp Hcp
\mbsbbmWv. (Aw app Xs Ah Abm Hmp).
'Zmlw \nanw X\npmbncp AtX t]mse IjvSsSpIbmWv
Cu \mb', Abm BKXw sNbv Xp: As\ Abm hopw InWn
endn. Xs jq Agnv AXn shw \ndp. (tijw hmb sImv
ISnp]nSnv Icv Ibdn). \mbsb IpSnnp. AbmfpsS Cu Zbm
In\v \nbmbn Amlp Abmv s]mdppsImSpp. A
h tNmZnp: 'Amlphns ZqXsc, IpImenIfnepw Rv
{]Xn^eapstm?. Atlw ]dp: "AsX, ]cfp GsXm
n\v KpWw sNpXnepw {]Xn^eapv" (_pJmcn).
_nnSpIbpw D]{ZhtanpIbpw sNbvXpsImv anm
{]mWnItfmSv \oNambn s]cpamdpI FXv \cI{]thin\v ImcW
ampXmWv. \_n (k) ]dbpp: "Hcp kv{Xo Xs ]qbpsS Imc
Wm innsp. AhfXns\ sInbnp, `Whpw shhpw
sImSpn. ]pdpt]mbn Xnm AhfXns\ hnbXpan. AXv
hniv Np. AmcWm Ah \cIn {]thinp" (_pJmcn).
tIhew arKtfmSp Ckvemans ImcpWyanXmsWn ap
PohPmesfmsfmw Amlp t{ijvTX \In A\p{Kln a\p
jytcmSv F{Xam{Xw \apv IcpWbpmIWw.!
islamhouse.com











21


"Ckvemw' Atlns hmpIfn
'Atd_y \mKcnKX' F Xs {Kn 'PmIv sdkv v e'
*

]dbpp: "Ckvemans\ hyXykvXfmb aqv AXefn \apv
ImWmw. aXw, cmjv {Sw, kwkv Imcw AYhm \mKcnIX" FnhbmWh.
Ckvemans ktihmlI
aplZv FmWtlns \maw. Jpssdin tKm{Xn lminw
IpSpw_n A_v Zp apXzen_ns aI A_v ZpbpsSbpw, hl
_ns aI Ban\bpsSbpw ]p{X\mbmWv Atlw P\nXv . amXmhn
sbpw ]nXmhnsbpw ]nXr]cc Amlphns Jeo C_v dmlnw
(A)bpsS ]p{X CkvamCu (A)bpsS afnsemcmfmb AZv\m\n
tev Fntcpp. {InkvXm_vZw 571 abnemWtlns
P\\w. C_vdmlnw (A) ]WnX IAv_mebns kmn[ym
Atd_y D]Zzo]nse aXtI{ambmWv a AdnbsSpXv. Xs
kaqln 'A Aao' (hnizkv X) FmWtlw AdnbsXv .
Ah bm{X t]mhptmgpw apw AhcpsS hnessXmw Atl
ns ] kqnm Gnpambncpp. Xs hmnepw
{]hnbnepw kXykX ]penbncpXpsImv Atlw kXy
hm Fdnbsp. Ifhv , h\, NXnhv Fnhsbmcnepw Atl
spdnv Ah `bsncpn. Atlw P\v \ B{K
lnph\mbncpp. Atln\v \mXv hbptm Znhy
shfn]mSpmbn. hnhcw Xs `mcy JZoPsb Atlw Adnbnp. At
lw ]dp: "Rm Fs Imcyn `bsSpp". Atcw Ah

*
{^v CkvemanIv hnZymebnse A[ym]I\pw, B[p\nI {^v
KthjI\pamWv tUm. PmIv sdve.
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

22
]dbpp: "C, AmlphmWv kXyw. Xm IpSpw__w tNp
p, sRcpaphcpsS `mcw GsSppp, Cmhs\ klmbn
pp, AYnXnsb kcnpp, AhImi hmnsmSpm
klmbnpp. Fncns Amlp Asb Hcnepw \nn
pIbn.
Amlphns GIXzntev BfpIsf WnpsImv At
lw abn 13 hjw IgnpIqn. tijw aZo\bntev ]memb\w
sNbvXp. aZo\hmknIsf Atlw Ckvemantev Wnp. Ah
Ww kzoIcnp apkv enwIfmbn. aXns ap \nba \ntisf
mw AhXcnsp. lnPv d 8mw hjw a Atln\v Iogv sp.
63mw hbn Atlw acWsp. CXn\nSmbn hnip JpB\pw,
Ckv emans apgph \nba kwlnXIfpw ]qambpw Atln\v
AhXoambngnncpp. Ad_nI HSw Ckv eman {]th
inpIbpw sNbvXp.
"aplZv (k)' AhcpsS hmpIfn
tUm. Pn. set_m,

'Atd_y \mKcnIX' F Xs {Kn


]dbpp: "Ghpw DIrjvSamb {]h\ \Smnb hyn
Isf AhcpsS {]h\fpsS ASnm\n \mw Afp
tm, Ncn{Xw Inphcn shv Ghpw alm\mWv aplZv
(k) Fv \apv Ism km[npw. Atlns alXzs
a\nemm km[n ]mmXy ]nX aX]camb ]]mXnXzw
DtXmsSmw Xs, at\Iw Ncn{X ]pcpjmscmfpw Dmgv N
bp hynXzamWv aplZv F hkv XpX Xpdv kXnpIbmWv .

{^v Ncn{XImc\pw, `njKzc\pamWv tUm. Pn. set_m.


islamhouse.com











23

]mmXy FgppImc\pw _pnPohnbpamb tUm. ssa
FOv . lmv ,

hnhn[ taJeIfn temIv Ghpw IqSpX Ne\


fpmnb almcYamscpdnv ]T\w \SpIbpw, Acw
\qdpt]cpsS Hcp env XmdmpIbpw sNbvXp. AXn {]Ya m\w
{]hmNI aplZv (k)v \Insmv Xs ]T\ dntmn
Atlw ]dbpp: " temIv hnhn[ taJeIfn Ghpw IqSpX
{]XnIcWfpmnb \qdv almamscpdnv Rm Xmdmnb
Cu enn {]Ya m\v aplZns\bmWv Rm XncsSpn
cnpXv . Hcp ]s hmb\msc CXv A`pXsSpntbmw.
Fm Fs hnizmkn aplZv am{XamWv `uXnIhpw Bo
bhpamb Ccp taJeIfnepw Hcp t]mse, ]qcq]nepw hy
ambpw hnPbw hcn Htcsbmcp Ncn{X ]pcpj".

tUm. ssa FOv. lmv tKmfimkv{Xnepw, CXc imkv{X imJIfnepw


{]n bq\nthgvknnbn \nv 1972 Ctlw tUmIvStdv t\Sn.
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

24

FmWv JpB?
apkv enw kaqlns `uXnIhpw aX]chpamb apgph Imcy
pw amtcJbmb ASnm\ {KamWv hnip JpB. apv
AhXoamb ssZhnI {Kfn \npw JpB Xmsg ]dbp
ImcWfm hyXncnambn \nesmpp. Ah:
BImi ZqXpIfn Ghpw HSphnetXmWXv . AXn\ms
Ay\m htcpw AXv kwcnpsav Amlp hmKv Zm\w sNbv
Xncnpp. Ah ]dbpp: "Xobmbpw \mamWv B Dt_m[\w
AhXcnnXv . Xobmbpw \mw AXns\ ImpkqnpXp
amWv" (lnPv: 9).
Hcp DIrjv S kaqls \ne\ndppXn\mhiyamb Fm \nb
afpw AXv Dsmpp. Fm a\pjypw AhImisf
AXv hIshv sImSppp.
{Iam\p_ambn BZw (A) apX aplZv (k) hscbp {]hm
NImscpdnpw, AhcpsS aX\nbasfpdnpw, XfpsS kaq
ltfmsSmap AhcpsS kw`hhnImksfpdnpw IrXyamb
hnhc \Ip Ncn{X tcJbmWXv.
am\h temIn\mIam\ambmWv AXv AhXoambncnpXv .
bYm ku`mKyhpw, a\am[m\hpw, sscy PohnXhpw AXv a\p
jy\v Imgv Nshp. Ccpfn \npw shfnntev AXhsc \bnp.
AXv ]mcmbWw sNepw, a\mTamepw, ]Tnepw Amlphn
\p Bcm[\IqSnbmWv.
"JpB' AhcpsS hmpIfn
Uyp. Updmv \mKcnIXbpsS IY F Xs {Kn ]dbp
p: "hfsc kcfhpw, AhyXIfnmXpw, ap cN\Isf Xosc
islamhouse.com











25
Ahew_nmXpw, hn{Klmcm[\bn \npw tPmkyn \np
samw hfsc hnZqchpw kzX{hpamsbmcp hnizmk kwlnXbmWv
JpB a\pjy a\pIfntev {]Zm\w sNpXv . apkv enwIfpsS
kwkvImcnIhpw kz`mh]chpamb Da\n JpB\nv hfsc
t{ijvTamb ]pv. JpB\mWv Ahcn kmaqly \nbav
ASnd ]mInbXpw, kmaqly sFIyw bmYmyamnbXpw. Btcm
Ky]camb ASnm\ \nbasf ]n]m JpB Ahsc t{]cn
np. Ahnizmkfn \npw Dulmt]mlfn \npw, A{I
afn \npw lrZb ImTn\yn \npw AhcpsS _pnIsf
JpB kzX{amn. hmpIsf \mpIbpw \nya\pIfn
am\yXbpw Apw {]Zm\w sNpIbpw sNbv Xp. apkv enwInSbn
\oXnbpmn. tZtlIfn \nhsc apamn. temIv Xpey
Xbnmhn[w shfp a\ns DSaIsf AXv hmsSpp".
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

26
Ckvemapw hnm\ kmZ\hpw
hnm\ kmZ\sbpw AXv hnIknnpXn\mbp ]cn{i
asfbpw Ckv emw Atbw t{]mkmlnnpIbpw, AXsb
Bt]npIbpw AsXpdnv Pm{KXsSppIbpw sNbv Xnpv .
Amlp ]dbpp: "\nfn \nv hnizknhscbpw hnm\w \
Ishscbpw Amlp ]e ]SnI DbpXmWv " (apPmZne: 11).
AXn\papdw, hnm\ kmZ\n\pw A[ym]\n\pap
]cn{iasf kzntep ]mXbmbn Ckvemw IWmpI
bpw sNpp. \_n (k) ]dbpp: "hnZy tXSp amn {]thin
hv Amlp kzntep ]mX FfpamnsmSppw"
(C_v\p lnm).
AXpt]mses, hnm\w FmhcpsSbpw AhImiamsW
Xn\m AXv adpshpXns\ Atlw \ntcm[npIbpw sNbv Xp.
\_n (k) ]dp: "Hcp Adnhns\ (P\sf AdnbnmsX) aqSn
shhs\, Amlp Ay\mfn Xobn\mep ISnmWnSpXm
Wv" (C_v\plnm).
]nXs\ m\w \In ]cnKWnpIbpw, Ahsc BZcnp
hm\pw Alnp m\w \In _lpam\nphm\pw Ckvemw
BhiysSpIbpw sNbv Xp. \_n (k) ]dbpXv t\mpI: "henbh
sc BZcnpIbpw, sNdnbhtcmSv IcpW ImWnpIbpw, Adnhp
hv Alamb AhImiw \IpIbpw sNmh Fs
kapZmbnsh\" (apkv\Zv Camw AlvaZv).
]nXamv Ckvemanep m\sasv \_n (k) Xs
hmneqsS hyamn: "Adnhph\pw Adnhnmh\pw Xnep
hyXymkw, \nfn Ghpw km[mcWmc\pw Rm\pw Xnep
hyXymkw t]msebmWv" (kp\\p XpapZn).
islamhouse.com











27
Ckvemapw kpw
Ckvemans ImgvNmSn kv ssZhntXmWv. a\pjys
ASp AXv GnsXpw tNmZyw sNsSpXpamb Hcp
kqnpkzv am{XamWv. ssZhnI \nban\v hnt[bambn, A\p
hZ\obamb amnIqSn am{Xta AXv kmZnm\pw, Xsbpw
Xs B{inXcpsSbpw Bhiyv Nnehp sNm\pw ]mSpq.
[qSnphm\pw AanXhybw sNphm\pw ]mSn. {]hmNI (k)
XmoXpsNpp: "Xs Bbpv GXpamn \innpshpw,
Xs AdnhpsImsp {]hnspw, [\w FhnsS \nv km
Znp GXpamn Nnehgnpshpw, Xs icocw (bphXzw) GXp
amn Xpepshpw tNmZnsSmsX HcSnabpsSbpw Ccp ]mZ
fpw aptmv Nennphm km[yamhpIbn" (kp\\p XpapZn).
[\w \bpS amnemWv NnehpsNtXv . AmlpXpcm
]dbpXpImWpI: "\nfpsS apJ Ingtmtm ]Snmtdmtm
XncnpI FX ]pWyw. Fm Amlphnepw, AyZn\nepw,
aepIfnepw, thZ{Knepw, {]hmNImcnepw hnizknpIbpw,
kznt\mSv {]nbapmbnpw AXv _ppw A\mYIpw,
AKXnIpw, hgnt]mpw, tNmZnphcphpw, ASnatamN
\npw \IpIbpw sNbv Xhcmtcm AhcmWv ]pWyhmm" (_Jd: 177).
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

28

kv{Xo Ckveman
kv{Xosb BZcnpIbpw _lpam\npIbpw sNpI FXv
Ckv emans hyXncnXbpw hyamb apJap{Zbpw ]qXbpamWv .
\_n (k) ]dbpp: "\nfn Ghpw Da \nfpsS `mcyamtcmSv
Daambn s]cpamdph\mIpp" (C_v\plnm).
IpSpw__w tNpnSpw, ]pWyhpw \bpw sNsSp
tmgpw apKW\ \IstSXv AhfmWv. X\nv Ghpw IS
sXmtcmsSv XtmSv tNmZn hyntbmSv \_n (k) Acpfn: "\ns
amXmhnt\mSv". Abm tNmZyw aqv {]mhiyw Bhnp. Atmsg
mw \_n Acpfn: "\ns amXmhnt\mSv". \memw {]mhiyw tNmZyw Bh
ntmgmWv \_n (k) ]dXv: "\ns ]nXmhnt\mSv" (_pJmcn).
"kv{Xo ]pcpmcpsS IqsSndpIfmWv" F {]hmNIsamgnbn
\npXs kv{Xov Ckvemw IWmp m\w a\nemm
hpXmWv . kv {Xosbpdnp Ckv emanI Imgv NmSv \apn{]Imcw
kw{Klnmw:
1) a\pjys\ Imcyn kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw Hcpt]msebmWv.
Ah ]m]ns DdhnSa. BZw (A) kzn \nv ]pdv
t]mhm ImcWw kv{XobmsW [mcW Akw_amWv.
2) CkvemanI \nba hlnnsXn kv{Xobpw ]pcpj\pw
Hcp t]msebmWv. Ahmbn {]t{XyIw _m[yXIfn.
3) kv{Xov ]pcpjs\tmses AhfptSXmb hynXzw
Ckv emw hIshpsImSpp. hnhmlnXbmbn FXn\mepw, hnhml
tijw `mhns hynXzntev tNsSpXn\mepw Ah
hfpsSbpw AhfpsS IpSpw_nsbpw t]cpw tahnemkhpw
\jvSsSpn.
islamhouse.com











29
4) `uXnIhpw ]mc{XnIhpamb cminIfn kv {Xo ]pcpjs\
tmsesbmWv.
5) A`nam\ kwcWnepw, am\yX ImpkqnpXnepw
kv{Xopw ]pcpjs\tmse AhImiapv.
6) kv{Xov ]pcpjs\tmse A\ckzn AhImiapv.
7) IpSpw_ns ]cn]qXbnepw, kmnI {Ibhn{Ibn
epw kv{Xov ]pcpjs\tmse kzX{mhImiapv.
8) kmaqlnI \sb DchmZnXzn ]pcpjs\tmse
kv{Xobpw ]mfnbmWv.
9) ]T\nepw kwkvIcWnepap AhImin kv{Xobpw
]pcpjs\tmsebmWv.
Ckvemapw AapkvenwIfpw
Ckv emanI cmjv {Sn Icmdns ASnm\n Ignbp Aap
kvenwIfpsS chpw [\hpw A`nam\hpw kwcnXamWv. Ahsc
A{Ianphmt\m, AhtcmSv i{XpXtbmsS hnphmt\m, Ahcp
sS AhImi l\nphmt\m, AhtcmSv tamiambn s]cpamdphm
t\m ]mSn. Amlp ]dbpp: "aXImcyn \ntfmSv bpw sNm
XncnpIbpw, \nfpsS hoSpIfn \nv \nsf ]pdmmXncn
pIbpw sNphsc kw_nnStmfw \nfhv \sNp
Xpw \nfhtcmSv \oXn ImWnpXpw Amlp \ntfmSv \ntcm
[npn. Xobmbpw Amlp \oXn ]menphsc Cjv SsSpp"
(apwXl\: 8).
\_n (k) Xncpta\nbpsS XncpsamgnI t\mq: "AdnbpI! Bsc
nepw Ckv emanI cmjv {StmSv Icm sNbv X Hcmsf A{IanpItbm,
Ah\v Xmm\mhmXv Ahs\ hlnnpItbm, A\lamb cq]
n Ah\n \npw hXpw hkqempItbm sNbvXm Ay
islamhouse.com







FpsImv Ckvemw?

30
\mfn Rm\hv (kzssmv ) XSambncnpw. \_n (k) Xs
s\ntev NqnsmmWnXv ]dXv . hopw Atlw XpSp:
"AdnbpI! Amlphnsbpw dkqensbpw DchmZnXzn, Icm
dn Ignbp Hcmsf Bscnepw sImm Ahv kzns
]cnafw t]mepw Amlp \njnampw. AXns ]cnafamhs Fgp
]Xv hjs hgnZqcp \npt]mepw e`npXmWv" (kp\\p
ss_lJn).
Ckvemapw bphpw
apkv enw kapZmbn\Ist]mse ]pdpw ]q kam[m\w
Imwnp aXamWv Ckvemw. ap kaqlfpsS ta ssItbw
sNmsX, {]tXyInpw apkv enwItfmSv aXns t]cn i{XpX ]pe
m CXc kapZmbfpambn kulrZ_w m]npsImv
Cu kam[m\w Ckv emw kwcnpp. Ckv eman bpw \nbaam
sXv Xmsg hnhcnp Nne {]tXyI kmlNcyfn am{XamWv:
1) kzw Bcv thntbm, Asn IpSpw_n\v thn
tbm, Asn \mn\v thntbm D {]Xntcm[sa \nev.
2) A{IanIsXncn anXs\ klmbnm thn. a\pjyXz
]csa \nev Ckvemw A\phZn bpamWnXv.
3) IcmdpI ewLnsSpItbm Asn AXv ]mensSm
XncnpItbm sNptm.
4) apkv enw kaqlns ta AXn{Iaw {]hnpIbpw, \oXn
amb ]cnlmcpw cnpIpw hgm A{IanI
sXnsc.
5) aXn\pthnbp {]Xntcm[w, AXns kpcv thnbp
{iaw, AXns {]t_m[\ amnep hnepXSnIsXn
scbp kacw F \neIfnsemw Ckv emw bpw A\phZnpp.
CXn\mWv Ckvemw 'PnlmZv' Fv hnfnpXv. ImcWw, Ckvemw
islamhouse.com











31
temIn\mIam\ambp WamWv. AXv Dsmp \bpw,
\oXnbpw, AXv ssIsmp kaXzhpw, apgph a\pjypanSbn
AYhm Cu temIw apgph AdntbXpv.
Fm hnimeXsSpm\pw, A[n\nthiw m]nm\pw, {]Xn
Imcw Xom\pw, in t_m[ysSpm\pw thnbp bpsf
Ckvemw \njnamnbncnpp. ImcWw, Ckveman bpw Amlp
hnv thnbpw Ahs \mans Dbpthnbpw DXmWv.
hyn]camb Xmcytm `uXnIamb B{Kltm thn
bpX.
Ckvemapw {]IrXnbpw
{]IrXnsb kwcnm Ckv emw Inpp. AXns\ \inn
p Hpw sNphm ]mSpX. {]IrXnsb kwcnpXn\m
bn Ckvemw ssIsm Imcyfn NneXv C{]ImcamWv:
1) a\pjy\v {]tbmP\Icamb ac \p]nSnn. \_n (k)
]dbpp: "Hcp apkv enw Hcpactam ^ehrtam \p]nSnnm, AXn
\nv a\pjyt\m ]dhtbm arKtam Xnp Hmtcmpw Abmv
'kzZJ'bmWv" (_pJmcn).
2) D]{ZhIcambtXm AXn\pImcWamhptXm Bb kIeXpw
\ow sNm t{]cnneneqsS Ckv emw {]IrXnsb kwcnpp.
\_n (k) ]dbpp: "hgnbn \nv D]{Zhw \ow sNepw [amWv"
(_pJmcn).
3) almtcmKfpw ]I hym[nIfpw hym]nv aphv lm\n
hcmXncnm Bhiyamb apIcpXepI FSpm Ckvemw
\ntinp. \_n (k) ]dbpIbpmbn: "Hcp \mn tImfd _m[nnp
sv \nfdnm AhnsS \n {]thincpXv, \nfp
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

32
\mn A{]Imcw kw`hnm \nfhnsS \npw ]pdp t]mhpI
bpacpXv" (_pJmcn).
4) Hcp \v thnbmsX PohnIsftbm ]nIsftbm sImp
Xns\ Ckvemw hntcm[np. \_n (k) ]dbpp: "Bscnepw Hcp
Infnsb Xamibmbn sImm, Ay\mfn Amlphns kn[n
bn AXv AlknpsImv ]dbpw: 'Amlpth, Cbmsfs sIm
Xv XamibmbmWv, Bhiyn\v thn sImXmbncpp" (C_v\p
lnm).
5) {]IrXnsb, hnhn[ cq]fnembn, A\mhiyambn Zpcp]tbmKw
sNpXns\ Ckv emw hntcm[np. \_n (k) ]dp: "im]tlXp
fmb cv Imcysf \n kqnpI" Ah tNmZnp: 'im]tlXp
fmb cv Imcy GXmWv Amlphns ZqXtc? Atlw ]d
p: "P\fpsS hgnIfn, Asn AhcpsS XWepIfn hnk
nsSpXmWv" (apkvenw).
Ckvemapw hrnbpw
Ckvemw hrnbpsS aXamWv. Amlp ]dbpp: "BZw kXn
Itf, Fm Bcm[\mebnepw (AYhm Fm Bcm[\mthfIfn
epw) \nemcambnp hkv {X [cnpsImpI. \n
XnpIbpw IpSnpIbpw sNbvXpsImpI. Fm \n Zp
hybw sNcpXv . Zphybw sNphsc Amlp Cjv SsSpItbbn"
(AAvdm^v: 31).
A{]Imcw Xs Ckvemw ipnv AXoh {]m[m\yw \Ipp.
Amlp ]dbpp: "\nbambpw Amlp ]m]nphsc CjvS
sSpp, ipn ]menphscbpw Ah CjvSsSpp" (_Jd: 222).
Hcp apkvenw Znt\\ cmIepIfnembn ApXhW \nlnt
p \akvImcns kzoImcyXv \n_\bmWv ipn. A{]Im
cw henb Aipnbn \nv ipnbmhm Ipfnbpw Ckvemw \n_
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33
amn. PpapA \akv Imcw, cv s]cpm \akv Imc, lv ,
Dwd t]msebp Nne Bcm[\Iv AXv henb ]pWyambn \nbn
pIbpw sNbv Xp. `Ww IgnpXn\v appw tijhpw ssI Igp
IWsav \ntinXpw Ckv emw ipnv \Ip {]m[m\yns
aIptSmZmlcamWv. \_n (k) ]dp: "`Wnv appw tijhpw
hpZp sNemWv AXns A\p{Klw" (XpapZn).
A{]Imcw Xs hmb hrnbmepw Zipn hcpepw. \_n
(k) AcpfnbXv t\mq: "Fs kapZmbnv sRcpamIpambncp
nsn, Hmtcm \akvImcnpw (\n_ambpw) Zipn hcp
Wsav Rm Inpambncpp" (apkvenw).
X\nv tcmKhpw apw hcpnshpXpw, AgppIfpw Xs
icocn \npw \ow sNtXpv. \_n (k) Xncpta\n ]dbpp:
"ApImcy {]IrXymbp ipoIcWamWv : 'tNemIw sN,
Kply`mKs tcmaw \o, Inse tcmaw ]dn, aoi sh,
\Jw apdn' FnhbmWXv" (_pJmcn).
Ahkm\ambn
{]nb hmb\mcm: CkvemanI icoAv ]cn]qamb BImi
ZqXpw, `uXnItemIv ku`mKyXchpw ]mc{XnI temIv imizX
kpchpamb PohnXn\p cq]tcJbpw amtcJbpamWv. Hcp
]s, Nne apkvenwIfn hgnhn PohnXhpw, am{`wihpw, s]cp
am kz`mhfn hogvNIfpw Xm Zintmw. Xm a\n
empI! Ccw aqeyOypXnIfn \nv Ckv emw ]qambpw ap
amWv . XfpsS aXImcyfnep AXtbm, Asn hnizmk
nep timjWtam Bbncnmw Xm ImWp Ahbnte
v Ahsc sImsnXv. BbXn\m Ckvemanse Ccw Nne
hynIsf shv Ckv emans\ AfcpXv . Cu sImpktiw kXym
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FpsImv Ckvemw?

34
t\zjW amn Xmv Hcp XpSn\v ImcWamhs.
AtXmsSmw Xmfn Dmbncnt Nne {][m\ LSI:
1) hyn]camb kpNnXXzfn \npw, aX]camb ]]mXnXz
fn \npw ]qambpw ap\mhpI.
2) ]m]sf sImbvXpIqepw hgpXnb ]mXIfn \Sepa
adnv, kmn FntcWsapw AXv a\nemWsapw
kXykambn B{KlnpI.
3) kzX{ambn NnnpI. aph hn[nnp ASnm\n
emhcpXv Xm Hcp Imcyn Xocpam\npXv.
Ckvemans\pdnv IqSpX hnhc Adnbm Xmv
B{Klapsn Xmsg ImWp hnemkntem sSent^mWntem
F{Xbpw thKw _sSpI...Asn Xmsg sImSpp sh_v
sskpI kinpIbpw At\zjnpIbpw sNpI.


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