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During the ATP quantity calculation, the system checks that all issues are covered by existing receipts

and whether quantities are left over to cover new issues. These quantities that have not yet been assigned constitute the ATP quantity. The calculation proceeds as follows: The receipts (warehouse stock, planned orders, purchase requisitions) are dynamically allocated to the issues (customer requirements, planned independent requirements, reservations), which lie directly after them on the time axis. The calculation is carried out in such a way that the issue is allocated to the receipt that lies nearest to it and that still has a positive ATP quantity. If the ATP quantity of this receipt does not cover the issue then the system will search for and check the next nearest receipt (always in a backwards direction) for a positive ATP quantity, which will then also be allocated to the issue. If receipts do not cover the issue, you must then decide whether you reduce the requirements quantity as necessary or whether you move the requirements date so that requirements coverage can be reached again.

As well as the availability check according to ATP logic there is also: the availability check against planned independent requirements

Availability Check: Organizational Levels


Features
The availability is checking at different levels depending on the issue element. If, for example, an issue only involves one plant, you can limit the stocks, receipts and issues to be included in the check to plant level. If, however, the issue refers to a batch or a storage location, then the storage location or batch stocks must also be taken into account. Availability Check at Plant Level Example:

The ATP quantity calculation results in the following: Requirement 1 amounting to 1200 pieces can be completely covered. Receipt 1, 500 pieces, is used up completely and the remaining 700 pieces are issued by plant stock, leaving the plant stock quantity at 300 pieces. The plant stock can provide an ATP quantity of 300 pieces for future requirements. Availability Check at Storage Location Level Example:

Plant stock (1000 pieces) is made up of the stock from storage location 1 (800 pieces) and the stock from storage location 2 (200 pieces). Requirement 2 in amounting to 500 pieces is to be withdrawn from storage location 1. This storage location currently contains 800 pieces. However, requirement 2 cannot be completely confirmed at plant level as only 300 pieces are available. Therefore only 300 pieces are confirmed for requirement 2. If the system confirmed the full requirement quantity, the availability of the confirmed issue 1, for which the issue storage location has not been specified and which draws on plant stock, would be jeopardized as it would be short of 200 pieces.

If the storage location is excluded from planning or if it is planned separately, then there is no longer the need for an additional check at plant level since stock from this storage location is not contained in plant stock.

If a storage location is excluded from planning or if it is planned separately, the check cannot be activated without a storage location (see Scope of the Availability Check).

Availability Check at Batch Level If only one batch is entered, the check is carried out on two levels, first against the batch and then against the plant stock. If a batch and a storage location are entered, the check is carried out on four levels, first against the batch storage loc ation, then against the batch, the storage location and the plant stock. Just as with the check on storage location level, the organization level with the lowest ATP quantity determines the result of the check. Availability Check for Individual Customer Stocks and Project Stocks Individual customer stocks and project stocks are maintained separately in the system and are not contained in plant stock. If an issue is made from individual customer stock or project stock, the availability is checked only for this particular customer stock. A two-level check does not take place.

Availability Overview
Use
The availability overview enables you to see the ATP situation for a particular material in a defined plant. The availability check is run using a selected checking rule. You cannot change the displayed data.

Integration
You can call up the availability overview using the transaction CO09 or from the relevant application component. Starting from the MRP menu you find the availability overview by choosing Environment Availability overview.

Prerequisites
You have maintained the checking group in the material master and the application-specific checking rule in Customizing.

Features
Starting the Function If MRP areas are active, you can enter an MRP area and thereby restrict the availability check to this MRP area. By entering a sales order item, a WBS element or a customer, you can display the availability overview on the level of sales order stock, project stock, customer consignment or returnable packaging stock. If you have set the With requirements quantities indicator in the initial screen, the check does not take into account the confirmed quantities, but it does take into account the requirements quantities. This enables you to simulate the creation mode whilst checking requirements, which have ATP groups with the cumulation type 2 or 3. Availability Overview Screen

The Availability Overview screen is divided into three sections: In the upper section, the system displays information about the check. In the middle section, there is an aggregated display of product availability on a plant level. By using this, you can determine quickly whether there is a material shortage. In the lower section, the system displays the daily availability situation of the selected material in a plant according to the scope of check. For each date and MRP element, the system displays a totals requirement with a receipt quantity (for stocks and receipts) or a requirement quantity, a committed quantity (only for requirements) and a cumulated ATP quantity. The system uses negative indicators to display the requirements. The data is sorted chronologically and starts with the plant section (if no special stocks are displayed). If necessary, the storage location section, batch section and batch storage location section follow.

Working with the Availability Overview


Aggregation and Disaggregation Functions if you ... want to call up the display again want to use the daily, weekly, or monthly display for totals want to display all single records (with document information)

Choose ...

Stock Stock Totals records Totals records

want to display just one availability situation on a stock management level do not want to display just one availability situation on a stock management level want to display totals records that are aggregated on a daily basis want to display the document files as single records. For each date and MRP element, the system divides a totals requirement up into single records with a receipt quantity (for stocks and receipts) or a requirement quantity, a committed quantity (only for requirements) and a cumulated ATP quantity and displays them. want to display details for the settings that you have made in the scope of check.

Scope of check

The aggregation and disaggregation functions have an affect on all displayed elements. If you select individual lines in the display, the corresponding function only has an affect on these. Additional Filtering Functions if you ... only want to display sales requirements want to display only reservations for production orders (dependent reservations) want to reset the display filter

Choose ... Settings Only SD requirements Settings Reservations for production orders Settings Total display

These filter functions only restrict the scope of the displayed documents and not the scope of the check. Functions for Single Records

Choose ... Environment MRP element Environment Pegged requirements Environment Order report

if you ... want to display further details for a document want to display the pegged requirements want to display the order report want to display all single records (with document information)

Stock

want to display just one availability situation on a stock management level

Backorder Processing
Use
In the backorder processing function, you are given a list of receipts and issues for a particular material that are relevant for the availability check. Missing parts occur if a requirement (sales order, reservation, and so on) could not be confirmed or could only be partially confirmed in the availability check according to ATP logic; the confirmed quantity is less than the requirements quantity. Material shortages may occur for one of the following reasons: The quantity of a sales order cannot or can only partially be delivered on the required date. Therefore, the sales order has not been confirmed. The desired delivery date of a sales order lies outside the replenishment lead time. Therefore it is confirmed, but the quantities have not yet been procured. A dependent reservation has not yet been confirmed.

Prerequisites
You are recommended to set a missing-parts checking rule in Customizing for MRP in Maintain all plant parameters Checking rule backorder updating.

Features
Open requirements can be reconfirmed, for example, if stock has increased since the last availability check, if a new receipt has been made, and so on. Quantities that have already been confirmed can be redistributed whereby the quantities of confirmed requirements may be either partially or completely reduced and then allocated to an alternative more urgent requirement.

You can define the following replenishment elements: Sales orders Dependent reservations Stock transport purchase requisition Stock transport order

Process Backorders
Procedure

Access Backorder Processing 1. Call up the backorder processing. You can call up the backorder processing using the transaction CO06 or from the relevant application component. Starting from the MRP menu you find the backorder processing by choosing Environment Backorder processing Material. The system calls up the initial screen for processing backorders. 2. Enter the material number of the material to be processed as well as the plant and choose The system checks availability according to ATP logic. Use the display the control parameters of the availability check. Scope of the check to .

The system calls the overview of backorder processing. In this screen, the system displays the plant stock or the storage location stock, the open sales orders or the dependent reservations and the scheduled receipt elements. The texts for the receipt and issue elements correspond to the texts that appear in the MRP list. The various stocks (individual customer stock, and so on) and the storage locations are displayed and managed in separate segments. Processing Sales Orders The system highlights sales orders or customer requirements that have not yet been completely confirmed or for which no receipt has yet been scheduled. The missing parts are displayed in the column Requirement/receipt. 1. Double-click the sales order or customer requirement, which is to be confirmed. In the lower part of the screen, the system displays the detailed data of the selected sales order for the selected date. The following data is displayed in detail: o Open quantity Total requirement quantity of the sales order or the customer requirement. o Material availability date Date by which sufficient quantities of the item must be available. o Total confirmed quantity Quantity that has been confirmed (in sales order management when creating the sales order or in backorder processing). o Confirmed quantity In this field you can enter the quantity that is to be allocated (that is, confirmed) in backorder processing. o ATP quantity

Quantity which can be used when planning open requirement quantities. 2. Enter the quantity which, according to the ATP quantity, you can allocate to the requirements in the Confirmed quantity field. Use to display the detailed data of the sales order. to transfer the quantity confirmed.

3. Choose

4. Save your entries.

You can process backorders for sales orders only for materials for which you have set the indicator Individual requirements in the material master record (MRP 3 view, Availability check field). Dependent reservations, stock transfer requisitions and stock transfer orders are processed at the same time.

To do this, choose Settings Only SD requirements. From the sales and distribution point of view, backorder processing can also be set in such a way that only the requirements necessary for SD are displayed as missing parts. From the sales and distribution point of view, backorder processing can also be set in such a way that only the requirements necessary for SD are displayed as missing parts. To do this, choose Settings Only order reservations.