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31/5/2012

UNITED STATES POLITICAL PARTIES

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INDEX
UNITED STATES POLITICAL PARTIES .................................................................................................. 3 DEMOCRATIC PARTY.................................................................................................................................. 3 DEMOCRATIC PARTYS SYMBOLS. ................................................................................................................... 3 DEMOCRATS IDEOLOGIES .................................................................................................................................. 3 CHARACTERS REPRESENTING THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY ................................................................... 3 VOTES ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3 DEMOCRATS POSITIONS ..................................................................................................................................... 4 REPUBLICAN PARTY ................................................................................................................................... 4 REPUBLICAN PARTYS SYMBOLS...................................................................................................................... 4 REPUBLICANS IDEOLOGIES ............................................................................................................................... 4 CHARACTERS REPRESENTING THE REPUBLICAN PARTY .................................................................... 5 VOTES ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5 REPUBLICANS POSITIONS .................................................................................................................................. 5 CONCLUSION.................................................................................................................................................. 6 BIBLIOGRAPHY............................................................................................................................................. 7

UNITED STATES POLITICAL PARTIES


United States has two majors political parties: Democratic Party and Republican Party.

DEMOCRATIC PARTY
The Democratic Party originated to the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. Since the division of the Republican Party in the election of 1912, it has consistently positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party in economic as well as social matters (Movement). The partys socially liberal and progressive platform is considered center-left in the United State (Wikipedia)

DEMOCRATIC PARTYS SYMBOLS.


The Democratic donkey was first associated with Democrat Andrew Jackson's 1828 presidential campaign. His opponents called him a jackass (a donkey), and Jackson decided to use the image of the strong-willed animal on his campaign posters. Later, cartoonist Thomas Nast used the Democratic donkey in newspaper cartoons and made the symbol famous (Education). In addition to this, in September/2010, the Democratic Party unveiled its new logo, which featured a blue D inside a blue circle. It was the party's first official logo, as the donkey logo had been used as a semi-official party logo and, also, the color blue represents Democratic Party (Wikipedia, Democratic Party - Name and symbols). The Donkey represents intelligence and courage.

DEMOCRATS IDEOLOGIES
Inside of the Democratic Party there are the following groups: Liberals, Progressives, Libertarians and civil Libertarians, Conservatives and Centrists. Historically, the party has favored farmers, laborers, labor unions, and religious and ethnic minorities; it has opposed unregulated business and finance, and favored progressive income taxes (Wikipedia, Democratic Party - Ideology).

CHARACTERS REPRESENTING THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY


Tomas Jefferson, James Madison, Woodrow Wilson, Bill Clinton, Franklin Roosevelt, Barack Obama and others.

VOTES
Electoral College 2008 Obama Democratic Party McCain Republican Party (Wikipedia, Electoral College 2008)

DEMOCRATS POSITIONS
Policies which most Democrats favor include: Health Care: Democrats advocate expansion of health insurance coverage. Gun Control: Democrats passed the Brady Law and the Assault Weapons Ban. We increased federal, state, and local gun crime prosecution by 22 percent since 1992. Now gun crime is down by 35 percent. We should require a photo license I.D., a background check, and a gun safety test to buy a new handgun. We support more federal gun prosecutors and giving states and communities another 10,000 prosecutors to fight gun crime. (Gordon) Foreign Policy: We support increasing investment in the International Labor Organization and expanding the use of trade preferences that are tied to improvement in labor standards. We want to reverse the widening gap between rich and poor and nations, which is why we back debt forgiveness for the poorest nations. (Gordon, Democratic Party on Foreign Policy) Immigration: We must punish employers who recruit undocumented workers in order to exploit them. We reject calls for guest worker programs that lead to exploitation. (Gordon, Democratic Party on Immigration) Taxes: Democrats must continue to lead Americans to prosperity giving government subsidies.

REPUBLICAN PARTY
Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, the Republican Party quickly surpassed the Whig Party as the principal opposition to the Democratic Party. In 1860, it came to power with the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction. (Movement, Party Don't atrophy)

REPUBLICAN PARTYS SYMBOLS


The Republican Party is represented with the elephant that means strength and dignity; also, the color red represents the Republican Party.

REPUBLICANS IDEOLOGIES
The Republican Party includes fiscal conservatives, social conservatives, neoconservatives, moderates, and libertarians. Prior to the formation of the conservative coalition, which helped realign the Democratic and Republican Party ideologies in the mid-1960s, the party historically advocated classical liberalism, paleoconservatism, and progressivism (Wikipedia, Republican Party - Ideology).

CHARACTERS REPRESENTING THE REPUBLICAN PARTY


Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, Ronal Reagan and others.

VOTES
Electoral College 2008 Obama Democratic Party McCain Republican Party (Wikipedia, Electoral College 2008)

REPUBLICANS POSITIONS
Policies which most Republicans favor include: Health Care: The party opposes a single-payer universal health care system, believing such a system constitutes "socialized medicine" and is in favor of a personal or employer-based system of insurance, supplemented by Medicare for the elderly and Medicaid for the poor (Movement, Republicans). Gun Control: We defend the constitutional right to bear arms. We oppose federal licensing of law-abiding gun owners and national gun registration as a violation of the Second Amendment and an invasion of privacy of honest citizens. Through programs like Project Exile, we will hold criminals individually accountable for their actions by strong enforcement of federal and state firearm laws, especially when guns are used in violent or drug-related crimes (Gordon, Republican Party on Gun Control). Foreign Policy: Nations that support terrorism are just as dangerous and guilty as the perpetrators of terrorism. Every nation must make a choice to support terror or to support America and our coalition to defeat terror. We are preserving the peace by working with more than 80 allied nations and international institutions, to isolate and confront terrorists and outlaw regimes (Gordon, Republican Party on Foreign Policy). Immigration: The Republican Party supports reforming the immigration system to ensure that it is legal, safe, orderly and humane. It also supports measures to ensure that the immigration system is structured to address the needs of national security (Gordon, Republican Party on Immigration). Taxes: Budget surpluses are the result of over-taxation of the American people. The weak link in the chain of prosperity is the tax system. It not only burdens the American people; it threatens to slow, and perhaps to reverse, the economic expansion therefore, we want to Foster capital investment and savings to boost todays dangerously low personal savings rate. (Gordon, Republican Party on Tax Reform).

CONCLUSION
The Democratic Party and Republican Party are the most important political positions in the United State; on the one hand, Democratic Party defends the equity between people and they want the greater good for the welfare of the people; in return, Republican Party defend the equity economic and they believe in the property rights more that in welfare rights.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Education, Pearson. Fact Monster. 2008. 31th de May de 2012. <http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0881985.html>. Gordon, Jesse. On the issue. 2010. 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/republican_party_immigration.htm>. . On the issue. 2010. 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/Republican_Party_Tax_Reform.htm>. . On the issues. 2010. 31th de May de 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/democratic_party_gun_control.htm>. . On the issues. 2010. 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/Democratic_Party_Immigration.htm>. . On the issues. 2010. 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/republican_party_gun_control.htm>. . On the issues. 2010. 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/Republican_Party_Foreign_Policy.htm>. . On the Issues. 2010. 2012. <http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/Democratic_Party_Foreign_Policy.htm>. Movement. Party Don't atrophy. 2008. 31th de May de 2012. <http://www.atrophyannie.com/movement/parties/democrat.html>. . Party Don't atrophy. Vers. Republicans. 2008. 2012. <http://www.atrophyannie.com/movement/parties/republican.html>. . Party Don't atrophy. 2008. 2012. <http://www.atrophyannie.com/movement/parties/republican.html>. Wikipedia. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. 31th de May de 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_(United_States)#Name_and_symbols>. . Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. 31th de May de 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_(United_States)#Ideology>. . Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2011. 31th de May de 2012. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ElectoralCollege2008.svg>. . Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2012. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)#Ideology_and_political_posit ions>. . Wikipedia, The free encyclopedia. 2012. 31th de May de 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_(United_States)>.