You are on page 1of 5

SOFTWARE VERIFICATION

EXAMPLE 2-004

Program:

ELS

Reinforced Concrete Slab under Point Load

1. EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION

Fig. 1 shows a reinforced concrete slab subjected to a single concentrated load at its center [Ref. 1]. Dimensions, reinforcement details and loading are shown in Fig. 1.a. The mesh discretization of the slab used in ELS is shown in Fig.1.b.

A A A A B B B B B B B B A A A A
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
A
A
A
A
5.91'
5.91'
D 0.39 " @3.97 "
D 0.39 " @3.97 "
5.91'
5.91'

D

D

0.39"@3.97 "

0.39"@3.97 "

3.97 3.97 " " D D 0.39"@3.97 " 0.39"@3.97 " D D 0.39" @3.97 " 0.39"
3.97
3.97
"
"
D
D
0.39"@3.97 "
0.39"@3.97 "
D
D
0.39" @3.97 "
0.39" @3.97 "
Section B-B
Section B-B
Section A-A
Section A-A

Fig. 1.a Problem geometry

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SOFTWARE VERIFICATION

Program: ELS
Program:
ELS

Fig. 1.b ELS mesh

  • 2. MATERIAL PROPERTIES

The compressive strength of concrete is 5.37 ksi (0.037 kN/mm 2 ), while the yield stress of the reinforcement is 55.11 ksi (0.38 kN/mm 2 ).

The applied element method follows a discrete crack approach, in which, the material is represented by a group of springs located at the surfaces of the element. The springs represent the axial and shear behavior of the material. For more details about material constitutive models refer to the ELS® technical manual.

  • 3. RESULTS

Figure 2 illustrates the load-deflection analytical results compared to the experimental ones. As can be seen, the results are close to the experiments. The behavior is well predicted in the elastic stage, post cracking stage, and in the post- yielding stage. The overall response could be successfully obtained by ELS.

Figure 3 shows the calculated principal strain contours, while Fig. 4 shows the observed experimental cracking pattern of the top and bottom faces of thee slab. The experimental cracks are generally in a good agreement with the ELS results.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SOFTWARE VERIFICATION

Program: ELS
Program:
ELS

Fig. 1 Load-deflection predicted by ELS in a comparison to the experimental results

S OFTWARE V ERIFICATION Program: ELS Fig. 1 Load-deflection predicted by ELS in a comparison

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SOFTWARE VERIFICATION

Bottom Face

Program:

ELS

S OFTWARE V ERIFICATION Bottom Face Program: ELS Top Face Fig. 2 Calculated principal strain

Top Face

Fig. 2 Calculated principal strain contours (in 1-Dir) at applied load – 43.592 kips (at output frame 208)

Bottom Face Top Face
Bottom Face
Top Face

Fig. 3 Observed experimental cracking pattern

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SOFTWARE VERIFICATION

  • 4. CONCLUSIONS

Program:

ELS

Based on the analytical and experimental results, it can be concluded that the ELS can successfully analyze and predict a close-to-reality behavior of reinforced concrete structures in the elastic, post-cracking and post-yielding stages.

  • 5. REFERENCES

1-

IRAWAN P. "Three dimensional analysis of reinforced concrete structures" Ph. D. dissertation, The University of Tokyo, Japan, 1995.

  • 2- Technical Manual of Extreme Loading for Structures.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------